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Rebecca A Clark-Snow, Cheryl Vidall, Sussanne Börjeson, Patrick Jahn
BACKGROUND: Prevention of chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) can be improved with guideline-consistent use of antiemetics. However, adherence to antiemetic guidelines remains often insufficient. Therefore, new strategies that improve adherence are needed. OBJECTIVES: To review the latest antiemetic guideline recommendations and provide an update on the use of NEPA, a fixed combination antiemetic composed of the neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist (RA) netupitant and the 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 RA palonosetron (Akynzeo®)...
April 1, 2018: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Weixia Zhong, Andrew J Picca, Albert S Lee, Nissar A Darmani
Cisplatin-like chemotherapeutics cause vomiting via calcium (Ca2+ )-dependent release of multiple neurotransmitters (dopamine, serotonin, substance P, etc.) from the gastrointestinal enterochromaffin cells and/or the brainstem. Intracellular Ca2+ signaling is triggered by activation of diverse emetic receptors (including tachykininergic NK1 , serotonergic 5-HT3 , dopaminergic D2 , cholinergic M1 , or histaminergic H1 ), whose activation in vomit-competent species can evoke emesis. Other emetogens such as cisplatin, rotavirus NSP4 protein and bacterial toxins can also induce intracellular Ca2+ elevation...
January 2017: Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic & Clinical
Lisa A Raedler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: American Health & Drug Benefits
Gillian M Keating
An oral fixed combination of netupitant/palonosetron (NEPA; Akynzeo(®)) is available for use in the prevention of acute and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV). Netupitant is a highly selective neurokinin-1 receptor antagonist and palonosetron is a serotonin 5-HT3 receptor antagonist with a distinct pharmacological profile. Complete response rates during the delayed, acute and overall phases were significantly higher with single-dose netupitant 300 mg plus palonosetron 0.5 mg than with single-dose palonosetron 0...
December 2015: Drugs
Rudolph M Navari
Chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting (CINV) is associated with a significant deterioration in quality of life. The emetogenicity of the chemotherapeutic agents, repeated chemotherapy cycles, and patient risk factors significantly influence CINV. The use of a combination of a 5-hydroxytryptamine-3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists, dexamethasone, and a neurokinin-1 (NK-1) receptor antagonist has significantly improved the control of acute and delayed emesis in single-day chemotherapy. Palonosetron, a second generation 5-HT3 receptor antagonist with a different half-life, different binding capacity, and a different mechanism of action than the first generation 5-HT3 receptor antagonists, appears to be the most effective agent in its class...
2015: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
Kunj Gohil
Ledipasvir/sofosbuvir (Harvoni) for hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection; dulaglutide (Trulicity) for glycemic control in type-2 diabetes; netupitant/palonosetron (Akynzeo) for prevention of nausea and vomiting related to chemotherapy; and naloxegol (Movantik) for opioid-induced constipation in patients with chronic noncancer pain.
December 2014: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
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