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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725255/transition-into-adult-care-factors-associated-with-level-of-preparedness-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia
#1
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Vohith Khol, Sovannary Tuot, Sokunmealiny Sau, Pheak Chhoun, Gitau Mburu, Sok Chamreun Choub, Kolab Chhim, Penhsun Ly
BACKGROUND: Preparing adolescents for transition into adult care and supporting their acquisition of self-health care management skills is a critical determinant of their post-transition HIV care outcomes. However, there is a scarcity of research on effective transition strategies. This study explores factors associated with adolescent preparedness for transition into adult care in Cambodia. METHODS: In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 223 adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy clinics, utilizing a structured questionnaire...
2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723939/assessing-health-related-resiliency-in-hiv-latin-women-preliminary-psychometric-findings
#2
Gladys J Jimenez-Torres, Valerie Wojna, Ernesto Rosario, Rosa Hechevarría, Ada M Alemán-Batista, Miriam Ríos Matos, Alok Madan, Richard L Skolasky, Summer F Acevedo
BACKGROUND: HIV-associated vulnerabilities-especially those linked to psychological issues-and limited mental health-treatment resources have the potential to adversely affect the health statuses of individuals. The concept of resilience has been introduced in the literature to shift the emphasis from vulnerability to protective factors. Resilience, however, is an evolving construct and is measured in various ways, though rarely among underserved, minority populations. Herein, we present the preliminary psychometric properties of a sample of HIV-seropositive Puerto Rican women, measured using a newly developed health-related resilience scale...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723333/enhanced-prophylaxis-plus-antiretroviral-therapy-for-advanced-hiv-infection-in-africa
#3
James Hakim, Victor Musiime, Alex J Szubert, Jane Mallewa, Abraham Siika, Clara Agutu, Simon Walker, Sarah L Pett, Mutsa Bwakura-Dangarembizi, Abbas Lugemwa, Symon Kaunda, Mercy Karoney, Godfrey Musoro, Sheila Kabahenda, Kusum Nathoo, Kathryn Maitland, Anna Griffiths, Margaret J Thomason, Cissy Kityo, Peter Mugyenyi, Andrew J Prendergast, A Sarah Walker, Diana M Gibb
BACKGROUND: In sub-Saharan Africa, among patients with advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, the rate of death from infection (including tuberculosis and cryptococcus) shortly after the initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) is approximately 10%. METHODS: In this factorial open-label trial conducted in Uganda, Zimbabwe, Malawi, and Kenya, we enrolled HIV-infected adults and children 5 years of age or older who had not received previous ART and were starting ART with a CD4+ count of fewer than 100 cells per cubic millimeter...
July 20, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720446/acceptability-of-multipurpose-human-papillomavirus-vaccines-among-providers-and-mothers-of-adolescent-girls-a-mixed-methods-study-in-five-countries
#4
Nadja A Vielot, Shoshana K Goldberg, Gregory Zimet, Sara B Smith, Mary Anne McDonald, Silvina Ramos, Karen Morgan, Chan Joo Kim, Karin L Richter, Merce Peris, Kevin J Whaley, Jennifer S Smith
INTRODUCTION: Multipurpose vaccines (MPVs) could be formulated to prevent multiple sexually transmitted infections simultaneously. Little is known about acceptability of MPVs among vaccine health care providers (HCPs) or mothers of adolescent girls. METHODS: 151 adolescent vaccine providers and 118 mothers of adolescent girls aged 9-14 were recruited from five geographically-diverse countries: Argentina, Malaysia, South Africa, South Korea, and Spain. We assessed providers' preferences for single-purpose human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine versus MPVs (including HPV+herpes simplex virus (HSV)-2, HPV+HIV, or HPV+HSV-2+HIV) via quantitative surveys...
June 2017: Papillomavirus Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720106/caretaker-adolescent-communication-on-sexual-and-reproductive-health-a-cross-sectional-study-in-unguja-tanzania-zanzibar
#5
Saada A Seif, Thecla W Kohi, Candida S Moshiro
BACKGROUND: Caretakers/parents/caregivers/guardians play important roles in improving Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) of adolescents. Caretaker-adolescent sexual communication suggested to influence young people's sexual behaviours. Despite this significance, the communication is believed to be low in Unguja due to the increase of risky sexual behaviours among adolescents. This study assessed the pattern of such communication using IMB model as a framework. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study targeted caretakers of adolescents aged 15-19...
July 18, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719505/prevalence-of-persistent-renal-dysfunction-in-perinatally-hiv-infected-thai-adolescents
#6
Torsak Bunupuradah, Tanit Phupitakphol, Jiratchaya Sophonphan, Wasana Prasitsuebsai, Suvaporn Anugulruengkitt, Watsamon Jantarabenjakul, Bunruan Sopa, Kiat Ruxrungtham, Ankanee Chanakul, Thanyawee Puthanakit
BACKGROUND: Persistent renal dysfunction (PRD) has been reported in up to 22% of perinatally HIV-infected adolescents (PHA) in the US and Europe. There is limited data available on PRD among PHAs in resource-limited settings regarding access to antiretroviral therapy (ART) at more advanced HIV stages. METHODS: We retrospectively described the prevalence of PRD and associated factors in a Thai PHA cohort. Inclusion criteria were current age >10 years and at least 2 serum creatinine (Cr) measurements after ART initiation...
July 13, 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716149/transition-into-adult-care-factors-associated-with-level-of-preparedness-among-adolescents-living-with-hiv-in-cambodia
#7
Siyan Yi, Chanrith Ngin, Khuondyla Pal, Vohith Khol, Sovannary Tuot, Sokunmealiny Sau, Pheak Chhoun, Gitau Mburu, Sok Chamreun Choub, Kolab Chhim, Penhsun Ly
BACKGROUND: Preparing adolescents for transition into adult care and supporting their acquisition of self-health care management skills is a critical determinant of their post-transition HIV care outcomes. However, there is a scarcity of research on effective transition strategies. This study explores factors associated with adolescent preparedness for transition into adult care in Cambodia. METHODS: In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted among 223 adolescents living with HIV aged 15-17, randomly selected from 11 antiretroviral therapy clinics, utilizing a structured questionnaire...
July 17, 2017: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715158/loss-to-follow-up-among-children-and-adolescents-growing-up-with-hiv-infection-age-really-matters
#8
Katharina Kranzer, John Bradley, Joseph Musaazi, Mary Nyathi, Hilary Gunguwo, Wedu Ndebele, Mark Dixon, Mbongeni Ndhlovu, Andrea Rehman, Palwasha Khan, Florian Vogt, Tsitsi Apollo, Rashida Abbas Ferrand
INTRODUCTION: Globally, increasing numbers of HIV-infected children are reaching adolescence due to antiretroviral therapy (ART). We investigated rates of loss-to-follow-up (LTFU) from HIV care services among children as they transition from childhood through adolescence. METHODS: Individuals aged 5-19 years initiated on ART in a public-sector HIV clinic in Bulawayo, Zimbabwe, between 2005 and 2009 were included in a retrospective cohort study. Participants were categorized into narrow age-bands namely: 5-9 (children), 10-14 (young adolescents) and 15-19 (older adolescents)...
July 17, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714809/reticence-in-disclosure-of-hiv-infection-and-reasons-for-bereavement-impact-on-perinatally-infected-adolescents-mental-health-and-understanding-of-hiv-treatment-and-prevention-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#9
Nataly Woollett, Vivian Black, Lucie Cluver, Heena Brahmbhatt
Survival rates of perinatally infected HIV-positive adolescents (PIA) are increasing in sub-Saharan Africa. There is a gap in understanding how disclosure and bereavement have an impact on PIA beliefs and understanding of their HIV infection and its management. In-depth interviews were conducted with 25 purposively selected adolescents aged 13-19 years from 5 public health clinics in Johannesburg, South Africa. Data were analysed using NVivo 10 using a thematic approach. PIA experience incomplete disclosure both of their HIV status and reasons for their bereavements, which limits their understanding of how they became infected, vertical transmission and prevention options like prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT)...
July 17, 2017: African Journal of AIDS Research: AJAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709161/roles-of-medication-responsibility-executive-and-adaptive-functioning-in-adherence-for-children-and-adolescents-with-perinatally-acquired-hiv
#10
Patricia A Garvie, Sean S Brummel, Susannah M Allison, Kathleen M Malee, Claude A Mellins, Megan L Wilkins, Lynnette L Harris, E Doyle Patton, Miriam C Chernoff, Richard M Rutstein, Mary E Paul, Sharon L Nichols
BACKGROUND: Medication adherence is a critical but challenging developmental task for children and adolescents with perinatally acquired HIV (PHIV). Understanding how medication responsibility, executive functions (EFs) and adaptive functioning (AF) influence adherence may help prepare adolescents for transition to adulthood. METHODS: Participants included PHIV children and adolescents 7-16 years of age enrolled in the Pediatric HIV/AIDS Cohort Study Adolescent Master Protocol, who were prescribed antiretroviral medications...
August 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708812/association-between-self-reported-adherence-and-hiv-viral-load-suppression-among-older-children-and-adolescents
#11
Chido Dziva Chikwari, Rashida A Ferrand, Victoria Simms
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 8, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707451/perceptions-of-key-participants-about-botswana-adolescents-risks-of-unplanned-pregnancy-sexually-transmitted-diseases-and-hiv-qualitative-findings
#12
Mabel K M Magowe, Esther Seloilwe, Kefalotse Dithole, Janet St Lawrence
AIM: The qualitative research findings are reported on the perceptions of key participants in Botswana about adolescent sexuality problems and the feasibility (with suggestions) of an adolescent prevention intervention. METHODS: Twenty adult key participants who were selected through purposive sampling from schools and youth centers responded to open-ended questions during face-to-face individual in-depth interviews that were conducted between December, 2011 and January, 2012 in Gaborone, Botswana...
July 13, 2017: Japan Journal of Nursing Science: JJNS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699385/intravaginal-practices-among-young-hiv-infected-women-in-lusaka-zambia
#13
Maureen Chisembele, Violeta J Rodriguez, Megan R Brown, Deborah L Jones, Maria L Alcaide
Intravaginal practices (IVP) are linked to bacterial vaginosis (BV), obstetric/gynecological complications, and HIV. Late adolescent and young adult (LAYA) women in Zambia have high rates of HIV. Adult and mature (AM) HIV-infected women in Zambia engage in IVP for hygiene, health, and sexuality reasons; however, to our knowledge, IVP use among LAYA women has not been examined. This study compares IVP use between LAYA and AM women to identify age-specific factors to target when developing IVP reduction interventions for LAYA women...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697762/cash-transfers-for-hiv-prevention-what-do-young-women-spend-it-on-mixed-methods-findings-from-hptn-068
#14
Catherine MacPhail, Nomhle Khoza, Amanda Selin, Aimée Julien, Rhian Twine, Ryan G Wagner, Xavier Goméz-Olivé, Kathy Kahn, Jing Wang, Audrey Pettifor
BACKGROUND: Social grants have been found to have an impact on health and wellbeing in multiple settings. Who receives the grant, however, has been the subject of discussion with regards to how the money is spent and who benefits from the grant. METHODS: Using survey data from 1214 young women who were in the intervention arm and completed at least one annual visit in the HPTN 068 trial, and qualitative interview data from a subset of 38 participants, we examined spending of a cash transfer provided to young women conditioned on school attendance...
July 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696907/child-sexual-abuse-and-hiv-related-substance-use-and-sexual-risk-across-the-life-course-among-males-and-females
#15
Joy D Scheidell, Pritika C Kumar, Taylor Campion, Kelly Quinn, Nisha Beharie, Susan P McGorray, Maria R Khan
Child sexual abuse is associated with substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence and adulthood, but no known studies have documented associations across the life course in a nationally representative U.S. SAMPLE: We used the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health to measure associations between child sexual abuse and substance use and sexual risk behaviors during adolescence, young adulthood, and adulthood among males and females (n = 11,820). Approximately 10% of females and 7% of males reported child sexual abuse...
July 2017: Journal of Child Sexual Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695551/cohort-profile-the-kilombero-and-ulanga-antiretroviral-cohort-kiularco-a-prospective-hiv-cohort-in-rural-tanzania
#16
Emilio Letang, Aneth Vedastus Kalinjuma, Tracy R Glass, Anna Gamell, Herry Mapesi, George Rocky Sikalengo, Lameck Bonaventure Luwanda, Dorcas Mnzava, Alex J Ntamatungiro, Regina Ndaki, Gideon Francis, Fiona Vanobberghen, Hansjakob Furrer, Thomas Klimkait, Ingrid Felger, Marcel Tanner, Christoph Hatz, Maja Weisser, Manuel Battegay, Kiularco Study Group
BACKGROUND: The Kilombero and Ulanga Antiretroviral Cohort (KIULARCO) is a single-site, open and ongoing prospective cohort of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (PLWHIV) established in 2005 at the Chronic Diseases Clinic of Ifakara (CDCI), within the Saint Francis Referral Hospital (SFRH) in Ifakara, Tanzania. The objectives of KIULARCO are to (i) provide patient and cohort-level information on the outcomes of HIV treatment; (ii) provide cohort-level information on opportunistic infections and comorbidities; (iii) evaluate aspects of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) care and treatment that have national or international policy relevance; (iv) provide a platform for studies on improving HIV care and treatment in sub-Saharan Africa; and (v) contribute to generating local capacity to deal with the challenges posed by the HIV/AIDS pandemic in this region...
July 11, 2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694710/modeling-ecodevelopmental-context-of-sexually-transmitted-disease-hiv-risk-and-protective-behaviors-among-african-american-adolescents
#17
Ya-Huei Li, Osaro Mgbere, Susan Abughosh, Hua Chen, Paula Cuccaro, Ekere James Essien
Risk and protective processes are integrated developmental processes that directly or indirectly affect behavioral outcomes. A better understanding of these processes is needed, in order to gauge their contribution to sexual risk behaviors. This retrospective cross-sectional study modeled the ecodevelopmental chain of relationships to examine the social contexts of African-American (AA) adolescents associated with sexually transmitted disease (STD)- and HIV-risk behaviors. We used data from 1,619 AA adolescents with an average age of 16±1...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694707/did-the-2011-aap-recommendations-on-youth-hiv-testing-change-practice-trends-from-a-large-urban-adolescent-program
#18
Sujatha Seetharaman, Cathryn L Samples, Maria Trent
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether there is adherence to the October 2011 American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommendations for HIV screening in a large urban adolescent program with availability of a publicly funded program providing free, confidential, sexually transmitted infection (STI) and HIV counseling and testing (then rapid or third generation HIV testing), nested in the same adolescent clinic. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective chart review of HIV screening trends among 13- to 24-year-old patients tested for HIV during periods of January 2010 to June 2011 (18 months pre-AAP recommendations period) and July 2011 to December 2012 (18-month period, which included 15 months after the AAP recommendations)...
2017: HIV/AIDS: Research and Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693114/comparison-of-tanner-staging-of-hiv-infected-and-uninfected-girls-at-the-university-of-nigeria-teaching-hospital-ituku-ozalla-enugu-nigeria
#19
Ogochukwu N Iloh, Kenechukwu K Iloh, Agozie C Ubesie, Ifeoma J Emodi, Anthony N Ikefuna, Ngozi S Ibeziako
BACKGROUND: A number of factors influence sexual maturation in adolescents, including chronic illnesses like HIV. Marshall and Tanner devised a method of classifying the adolescent based on the level of sexual maturation into five stages. This study compared the Tanner staging of HIV-infected and uninfected girls. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study of 100 HIV-infected girls aged 8-18 years and 100 uninfected counterparts matched for age and social class. Using standard photographs as a guide, stages of sexual maturation were determined according to the method proposed by Marshall and Tanner...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692209/the-science-of-durban-aids-2016
#20
Chris Beyrer, Olive Shisana, Stefan D Baral, Koleka Milsana, Kenneth H Mayer, Anton Pozniak, Bruce D Walker, Souleman Mboup, Annette H Sohn, David Serwadda, Helen Rees, Sergii Dvoriak, Mitchell Warren, Safiatou Thiam, Wafaa M El-Sadr, Xavier Hospital, Owen Ryan, Nicolas Thomson, Linda-Gail Bekker
INTRODUCTION: The science presented at the 21st International AIDS Conference in Durban, South Africa, in July 2016, addressed the state of the field across basic, clinical, prevention, law and policy and implementation science. METHODS AND RESULTS: The AIDS response has seen remarkable achievements in scientific advances, in translation of those advances into prevention, treatment and care for affected individuals and communities, and in large scale implementation - reaching 18 million people with antiviral therapy by mid-year 2016...
June 30, 2017: Journal of the International AIDS Society
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