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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339782/the-adolescent-hiv-disclosure-cognition-and-affect-scale-preliminary-reliability-and-validity
#1
Michael Evangeli
Globally, there are 2 million HIV-positive 10-19-year-olds. One challenge for this population is sharing their HIV status with others (onward HIV disclosure). There are no multi-item, multidimensional scales of HIV disclosure cognitions and affect for young people living with HIV. An 18-item measure of HIV disclosure cognition and affect was developed, administered to 65 adolescents living with HIV (aged 12-16 years). Data were explored using principal component analysis and preliminary construct and criterion validity assessed...
February 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339668/immunogenicity-of-a-booster-dose-of-quadrivalent-meningococcal-conjugate-vaccine-in-previously-immunized-hiv-infected-children-and-youth
#2
Meredith G Warshaw, George K Siberry, Paige Williams, Michael D Decker, Patrick Jean-Philippe, Jorge Lujan-Zilbermann
Background.: The US Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommends a booster dose of quadrivalent meningococcal conjugate vaccine (MCV4) after initial immunization for patients at high risk for meningococcal infection. Methods.: The International Maternal Pediatric Adolescents AIDS Clinical Trials (IMPAACT) P1065 trial evaluated the use of MCV4 in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children and youth. The final step of this trial was an open-label study of an MCV4 booster dose 3...
February 18, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332857/body-image-and-risk-behaviors-in-youth-with-hiv
#3
Ronald H Dallas, Megan M Loew, Megan L Wilkins, Yilun Sun, Li Tang, Jerlym S Porter, Aditya H Gaur
Body image concerns are common among people living with HIV. Among adults with HIV, body image concerns have been shown to be related to risky sexual behaviors; little research has been conducted among youth living with HIV (YLWH). The current study examined the predictors, including body image, of sexual risk behaviors among YLWH. Adolescents from a single clinic (n = 143; age range 16-24 years; 69% male; 95% African American) completed a computerized self-report survey to assess demographic, behavioral, and body image domains...
March 23, 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329212/clinical-status-of-adolescents-with-perinatal-hiv-at-transfer-to-adult-care-in-the-uk-ireland
#4
Intira Jeannie Collins, Caroline Foster, Anna Tostevin, Pat Tookey, Andrew Riordan, David Dunn, D M Gibb, Ali Judd
Background.: Increasing numbers of children infected perinatally with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) are surviving to adolescence and transitioning to adult care, yet there are scarce data on their clinical status at transfer. Methods.: We analyzed prospective cohort data from the UK/Ireland national Collaborative HIV Pediatric Study (CHIPS). Clinical status at last pediatric clinic visit prior to transfer was described. Factors associated with higher CD4 cell count and viral load (VL) suppression<400 c/mL among patients on antiretroviral therapy (ART) at transfer were assessed using linear and logistic regression, respectively...
March 9, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318200/-disclosure-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-diagnosis-in-children-and-adolescents-affected-by-it-and-their-caregivers
#5
Adriana Malanca, Irene Foradori, Erica Stankievich, Hugo Pandullo, Marcelo Losso
Children and adolescents need to know about their health or that of their parents. However, families affected by human immunodeficiency virus often delay disclosure of diagnosis for fear of stigma or discrimination or simply because they wonder when and how to communicate it. We present the experience of implementing a program to "reveal" the human immunodeficiency virus diagnosis to children, adolescents and caregivers. The aim was to describe and understand the impact of disclosure and to collaborate on actions to improve comprehensive care for families living with human immunodeficiency virus...
April 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28306597/diagnosis-of-viral-hepatitis
#6
Philippa J Easterbrook, Teri Roberts, Anita Sands, Rosanna Peeling
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections and HIV-HBV and HCV coinfection are major causes of chronic liver disease worldwide. Testing and diagnosis is the gateway for access to both treatment and prevention services, but there remains a large burden of undiagnosed infection globally. We review the global epidemiology, key challenges in the current hepatitis testing response, new tools to support the hepatitis global response (2016-2020 Global Hepatitis Health Sector strategy, and 2017 WHO guidelines on hepatitis testing and their key recommendations) and future directions and innovations in hepatitis diagnostics...
March 16, 2017: Current Opinion in HIV and AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300337/parents-knowledge-attitudes-behaviors-and-barriers-to-promoting-condom-use-among-their-adolescent-sons
#7
Worawan Tipwareerom, Linda Weglicki
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is increasing in Thai youth. Consequently, a school-based National Condom Strategy program was launched in 2015 to reduce the rate of HIV and sexually transmitted infections. We conducted in-depth interviews of 31 parents/adoptive guardians of high-school age Thai boys to explore parents' knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and barriers to promoting condom use and its role in preventing HIV/sexually transmitted infections. A descriptive phenomenological approach and thematic analysis was used...
March 16, 2017: Nursing & Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299163/youth-awareness-on-sexually-transmitted-infections-hiv-and-aids-in-secondary-schools-in-the-dschang-municipality-cameroon-the-mobile-caravan-project
#8
Martin Sanou Sobze, Armand Tsapi Tiotsia, Ghyslaine Bruna Djeunang Dongho, Guy Aurelien Foaleng Tankui, Joseph Fokam, Kien-Atsu Tsi, Jimmy Roger Fotso, Yannick Ngueko Azeufack, Patrick Pete Nkamedjie, Adogaye Ben Bechir Sali, Rodrigue Biguioh Mabvouna, Lucia Ercoli, Vittorio Colizzi, Gianluca Russo
Awareness is a preventive action to instill in individuals certain concepts to improve their health. It is an essential element in the prevention of sexually transmitted infection (STI)/HIV and early pregnancies among adolescents. In 2012, the prevalence of HIVin Cameroon was estimated at 4.3%. The young population appear to be the most affected (3.2%); very close to that of the Dschang Health District (Cameroon; 3.1%) in the 15-19 years age group. Theaimof this study was to evaluate the contribution of the Mobile Caravan project on the preventive aspect of STI/HIV/AIDS among youths of Dschang in 10 secondary schools within three years...
December 31, 2016: Journal of Public Health in Africa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293638/metabolic-disorders-in-hiv-infected-adolescents-receiving-protease-inhibitors
#9
Jeerunda Santiprabhob, Surapong Tanchaweng, Sirinoot Maturapat, Alan Maleesatharn, Watcharee Lermankul, Sirintip Sricharoenchai, Orasri Wittawatmongkol, Keswadee Lapphra, Wanatpreeya Phongsamart, Kulkanya Chokephaibulkit
Protease inhibitor (PI) may cause abnormal glucose metabolism, abnormal lipid metabolism, and metabolic syndrome in HIV-infected adults but less well studied in Asian adolescents. This cross-sectional study evaluated anthropometric factors, oral glucose tolerance test, and lipid profiles of perinatally HIV-infected Thai adolescents who had received PI-based antiretroviral therapy for at least 6 months. Eighty adolescents were enrolled [median (IQR) age 16.7 (14.6-18.0) years, 42 males]. Metabolic syndrome, prediabetes, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) were found in 8 (10%), 17 (22...
2017: BioMed Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28292458/treating-youths-in-the-juvenile-justice-system
#10
REVIEW
Ann L Sattler
Adolescents involved with the juvenile justice system have higher rates of risky sexual behaviors, resulting in high rates of sexually transmitted infections and increased risk of human immunodeficiency virus, early or complicated pregnancy, and parenting issues. Comorbid substance abuse, gang association, mental health issues, and history of having been abused as children result in further elevated rates. Girls and lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender youths represent growing subpopulations with special risks...
April 2017: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288535/antiretroviral-therapy-in-hiv-infected-adolescents-clinical-and-pharmacologic-challenges
#11
Joanna Dobroszycki, Philip Lee, Dina L Romo, Michael G Rosenberg, Andrew Wiznia, Jacobo Abadi
With the currently available combined antiretroviral therapy regimens, durable suppression of viral replication, preservation of immune function and normalizing life expectancy, are all becoming achievable goals. Teenagers and young adults living with HIV present unique clinical and pharmacologic challenges to optimizing antiretroviral treatment outcomes. Areas covered: In this expert review of the topic, we examine recent clinical trial data and draw on our program's 25 year experience working with both perinatally and behaviorally HIV infected adolescents...
March 14, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287023/identifying-risks-for-mental-health-problems-in-hiv-positive-adolescents-accessing-hiv-treatment-in-johannesburg
#12
Nataly Woollett, Lucie Cluver, Monica Bandeira, Heena Brahmbhatt
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems of adolescents are underserved in low and middle-income countries where they account for a significant proportion of disease burden. Perinatally infected HIV-positive adolescents have a high prevalence of mental health disorders; however, little is known about those retained in care in South Africa. METHODS: HIV-positive adolescents aged 13-19 years (n = 343) accessing five paediatric antiretroviral clinics in Johannesburg were assessed using standardized measures for depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and suicidality...
March 13, 2017: Journal of Child and Adolescent Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286972/-they-said-be-careful-sexual-health-communication-sources-and-messages-for-adolescent-girls-living-with-perintally-acquired-hiv-infection
#13
Stephanie L Marhefka, Shana M Green, Vinita Sharma, Claude A Mellins
Due to advances in highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART), children "who perinatally acquired HIV infection" (PHIV+) in the United States have been reaching adolescence and adulthood in large numbers. As youth PHIV + become sexually active it is important to understand their sources of sexual health information and the messages communicated by those sources to safeguard their sexual health and that of their partners. This paper explores sexual health communication for adolescent girls PHIV + in comparison to adolescent girls who were exposed but did not acquire HIV perinatally (PHIV-) to understand how HIV infection influences the sexual health communication needs of the former...
March 12, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283492/prevalence-of-latent-tb-infection-and-tb-disease-among-adolescents-in-high-tb-burden-countries-in-africa-a-systematic-review-protocol
#14
Erick Wekesa Bunyasi, Bey-Marrie Schmidt, Leila Hussein Abdullahi, Humphrey Mulenga, Michele Tameris, Angelique Luabeya, Justin Shenje, Thomas Scriba, Hennie Geldenhuys, Robin Wood, Mark Hatherill
INTRODUCTION: Almost a third of the world population has latent tuberculosis (TB) infection (LTBI), ∼10 million of whom develop TB disease annually, despite existence of effective, but lengthy, preventive and curative drug regimens. Although adolescents appear to have a very high force of LTBI, their reported incidence of TB disease is less than that of their corresponding general population. The few available studies on adolescent TB infection and disease prevalence are not sufficient to address the apparent discordance between rates of infection and disease in high TB burden countries in Africa...
March 10, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279209/assessment-of-provider-initiated-hiv-screening-in-nigeria-with-sub-saharan-african-comparison
#15
Felix A Ogbo, Andrew Mogaji, Pascal Ogeleka, Kingsley E Agho, John Idoko, Terver Zua Tule, Andrew Page
BACKGROUND: Despite Nigeria's high HIV prevalence, voluntary testing and counselling rates remain low. UNAIDS/WHO/CDC recommends provider-initiated testing and counselling (PITC) for HIV in settings with high HIV prevalence. We aimed to assess the acceptability and logistical feasibility of the PITC strategy among adolescents and adults in a secondary health care centre in Idekpa Benue state, Nigeria. METHOD: All patients (aged ≥ 13 years) who visited the out-patient department and antenatal care unit of General Hospital Idekpa, Benue state, Nigeria were offered PITC for HIV...
March 9, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278753/psychological-distress-among-ugandan-adolescents-living-with-hiv-examining-stressors-and-the-buffering-role-of-general-and-religious-coping-strategies
#16
Massy Mutumba, Jose A Bauermeister, Gary W Harper, Victor Musiime, James Lepkowski, Ken Resnicow, Rachel C Snow
HIV infection increases the risk of psychological distress among adolescents living with HIV (ALHIV), which, in turn, increases risky behaviours such as medication non-adherence, substance use, and sexual risk-taking. The majority of studies on psychological distress among ALHIV have been conducted in high-income countries; data on the prevalence and correlates of psychological distress among ALHIV in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) are scarce, yet over two-thirds of the global population of ALHIV resides in SSA. The purpose of this study was to identify the contextually relevant correlates of psychological distress among Ugandan ALHIV...
April 11, 2016: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278564/multilevel-influences-on-acceptance-of-medical-male-circumcision-in-rakai-district-uganda
#17
Pamela S Lilleston, Arik V Marcell, Neema Nakyanjo, Lori Leonard, Maria J Wawer
Despite access to safe medical male circumcision (MMC) and proven effectiveness of the procedure in reducing acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, uptake remains suboptimal in many settings in sub-Saharan Africa, including Rakai District, Uganda. This study explored multilevel barriers and facilitators to MMC in focus group discussions (FGDs) (n = 35 groups) in Rakai. Focus groups were conducted from May through July 2012 with adolescent and adult males, with a range of HIV risk and reproductive health service use profiles, and with adolescent and adult females...
March 1, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278210/sexual-learning-among-east-african-adolescents-in-the-context-of-generalized-hiv-epidemics-a-systematic-qualitative-meta-synthesis
#18
Amelia S Knopf, Kim R McNealy, Halima Al-Khattab, Lisa Carter-Harris, Ukamaka Marian Oruche, Violet Naanyu, Claire Burke Draucker
BACKGROUND: AIDS-related illness is the leading cause of mortality for adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. Together, Kenya, Tanzania, and Uganda account for 21% of HIV-infected adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. The United Nations framework for addressing the epidemic among adolescents calls for comprehensive sexual and reproductive health education. These HIV prevention efforts could be informed by a synthesis of existing research about the formal and informal sexual education of adolescents in countries experiencing generalized epidemics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277349/missed-opportunities-for-prevention-of-mother-to-child-transmission-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus
#19
Gwendolyn B Scott, Susan B Brogly, Daniel Muenz, Alice M Stek, Jennifer S Read
OBJECTIVE: To identify missed opportunities for prevention of mother-to-child transmission of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). METHODS: Data regarding HIV-infected children born between 2002 and 2009 to HIV-infected women enrolled in the U.S. International Maternal Pediatric Adolescent AIDS Clinical Trials prospective cohort study (protocol P1025) were reviewed. The characteristics of the HIV-infected infants and their mothers and the mothers' clinical management are described...
April 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275841/individual-level-factors-associated-with-mental-health-in-rwandan-youth-affected-by-hiv-aids
#20
Pamela Scorza, Cristiane S Duarte, Anne Stevenson, Christine Mushashi, Fredrick Kanyanganzi, Morris Munyana, Theresa S Betancourt
PURPOSE: Prevention of mental disorders worldwide requires a greater understanding of protective processes associated with lower levels of mental health problems in children who face pervasive life stressors. This study aimed to identify culturally appropriate indicators of individual-level protective factors in Rwandan adolescents where risk factors, namely poverty and a history of trauma, have dramatically shaped youth mental health. METHODS: The sample included 367 youth aged 10-17 in rural Rwanda...
March 8, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
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