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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644351/adherence-to-celiac-disease-and-eosinophilic-esophagitis-biopsy-guidelines-is-poor-in-children
#1
Thomas Wallach, Robert M Genta, Benjamin Lebwohl, Peter H R Green, Norelle R Reilly
OBJECTIVES: Celiac disease (CD) and eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE) are underdiagnosed gastrointestinal conditions, which adversely affect children's health. Previous studies have shown that diagnostic guidelines for CD are not consistently followed in adults. The aims of the present study are to assess the frequency with which endoscopists comply with diagnostic guidelines for CD and EoE in children, and to determine whether an association exists between adherence to biopsy guidelines and disease detection in pediatric patients...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631728/acg-and-cag-clinical-guideline-management-of-dyspepsia
#2
Paul M Moayyedi, Brian E Lacy, Christopher N Andrews, Robert A Enns, Colin W Howden, Nimish Vakil
We have updated both the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG) and the Canadian Association of Gastroenterology (CAG) guidelines on dyspepsia in a joint ACG/CAG dyspepsia guideline. We suggest that patients ≥60 years of age presenting with dyspepsia are investigated with upper gastrointestinal endoscopy to exclude organic pathology. This is a conditional recommendation and patients at higher risk of malignancy (such as spending their childhood in a high risk gastric cancer country or having a positive family history) could be offered an endoscopy at a younger age...
June 20, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630808/management-of-acute-uncomplicated-diverticulitis-may-exclude-antibiotic-therapy
#3
REVIEW
Jonathan Mayl, Mikhail Marchenko, Emily Frierson
Diverticulitis is a common ailment that is prevalent in the developed world. As such, the management of diverticulitis places a substantial economic burden on healthcare. Research is ongoing to further elucidate both the pathogenesis of the disease, as well as ways to reduce associated expenditures. One of these emerging areas of research calls into question the use of antibiotics during treatment of acute uncomplicated diverticulitis. Current guidelines are largely based on expert opinion, with little evidence supporting the standard practice of antibiotic therapy...
May 15, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630049/comparison-of-electroacupuncture-and-medical-treatment-for-functional-constipation-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#4
Sheng-Li Zhou, Xiu-Lai Zhang, Jing-Hua Wang
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effectiveness of electroacupuncture (EA) relative to conventional medication in functional constipation (FC). DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis SETTING: To be included, studies needed to: (1) have been randomised controlled trials; (2) have recruited adult patients diagnosed with FC according to the Rome II/III criteria or the American Gastroenterological Association guideline for chronic FC; and (3) have randomised patients to be treated with EA or anti-constipation medication...
June 19, 2017: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609361/pancreatic-cysts-part-2-should-we-be-less-cyst-centric
#5
Anne Marie Lennon, Marcia Irene Canto
The management of pancreatic cysts is a common problem faced by physicians and surgeons. Pancreatic cysts are important because some of them are mucin-producing cysts (MPCs), which may harbor or develop pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. Thus, accurate classification of pancreatic cysts and diagnosis of MPCs offer a potential for the prevention or early detection of pancreatic cancer. However, the diagnosis and management of asymptomatic pancreatic cysts are complicated by 2 factors. First, incidentally detected pancreatic cysts are often misdiagnosed as branch duct intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasms...
July 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609360/pancreatic-cysts-part-1-using-the-american-gastroenterological-association-guidelines-for-the-management-of-pancreatic-cysts-a-practical-approach
#6
James M Scheiman
The recent publication of evidence-based guidelines by the American Gastroenterological Association for the management of the incidental pancreatic cyst has stimulated considerable discussion among clinicians and researchers. The guidelines examined the evidence in an accompanying technical review defining current diagnostic approaches, as well as cyst natural history. Recognizing that the risk of malignant degeneration of these cystic neoplasms has been overestimated, the guidelines boldly increased thresholds for endoscopic ultrasound imaging and cyst fluid sampling, as well as proposing a reduced frequency of surveillance compared with previous expert consensus recommendations...
July 2017: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600072/colorectal-cancer-screening-recommendations-for-physicians-and-patients-from-the-u-s-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#7
Douglas K Rex, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, Theodore R Levin, David Lieberman, Douglas J Robertson
This document updates the colorectal cancer (CRC) screening recommendations of the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force of Colorectal Cancer (MSTF), which represents the American College of Gastroenterology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. CRC screening tests are ranked in 3 tiers based on performance features, costs, and practical considerations. The first-tier tests are colonoscopy every 10 years and annual fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Colonoscopy and FIT are recommended as the cornerstones of screening regardless of how screening is offered...
June 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583825/a-summary-of-the-2016-james-w-freston-conference-of-the-american-gastroenterological-association-intestinal-metaplasia-in-the-esophagus-and-stomach-origins-differences-similarities-and-significance
#8
Stuart J Spechler, Juanita L Merchant, Timothy C Wang, Parakrama Chandrasoma, James G Fox, Robert M Genta, James R Goldenring, Yoku Hayakawa, Ernst J Kuipers, Pauline K Lund, Frank McKeon, Jason Mills, Robert D Odze, Richard M Peek, Thai Pham, Jianwen Que, Anil K Rustgi, Nicholas J Shaheen, Ramesh A Shivdasani, Rhonda Souza, Peter Storz, Andrea Todisco, David H Wang, Nicholas A Wright
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572874/association-of-trainee-participation-with-adenoma-and-polyp-detection-rates
#9
Emad Qayed, Lauren Shea, Stephan Goebel, Roberd M Bostick
AIM: To investigate whether adenoma and polyp detection rates (ADR and PDR, respectively) in screening colonoscopies performed in the presence of fellows differ from those performed by attending physicians alone. METHODS: We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent a screening colonoscopy at Grady Memorial Hospital between July 1, 2009 and June 30, 2015. Patients with a history of colon polyps or cancer and those with poor colon preparation or failed cecal intubation were excluded from the analysis...
May 16, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555630/colorectal-cancer-screening-recommendations-for-physicians-and-patients-from-the-u-s-multi-society-task-force-on-colorectal-cancer
#10
Douglas K Rex, C Richard Boland, Jason A Dominitz, Francis M Giardiello, David A Johnson, Tonya Kaltenbach, Theodore R Levin, David Lieberman, Douglas J Robertson
This document updates the colorectal cancer (CRC) screening recommendations of the U.S. Multi-Society Task Force of Colorectal Cancer (MSTF), which represents the American College of Gastroenterology, the American Gastroenterological Association, and The American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy. CRC screening tests are ranked in 3 tiers based on performance features, costs, and practical considerations. The first-tier tests are colonoscopy every 10 years and annual fecal immunochemical test (FIT). Colonoscopy and FIT are recommended as the cornerstones of screening regardless of how screening is offered...
June 6, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28528939/aga-white-paper-training-and-implementation-of-endoscopic-image-enhancement-technologies
#11
Neil Gupta, Joel V Brill, Marcia Canto, Daniel DeMarco, Brian M Fennerty, Loren Laine, David Lieberman, Charles Lightdale, Elizabeth Montgomery, Robert Odze, Douglas Rex, Prateek Sharma, Jeffrey L Tokar, Michael L Kochman
Endoscopic image-enhancement technologies provide opportunities to visualize normal and abnormal tissues within the gastrointestinal (GI) tract in a manner that complements conventional white light endoscopic imaging. The additional information that is obtained enables the endoscopist to better identify, delineate, and characterize lesions and can facilitate targeted biopsies or, in some cases, eliminate the need to send samples for histologic analysis. Some of these technologies have been available for more than a decade, but despite this fact, there is limited use of these technologies by endoscopists...
June 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514463/pediatric-psoriasis-comorbidity-screening-guidelines
#12
Emily Osier, Audrey S Wang, Megha M Tollefson, Kelly M Cordoro, Stephen R Daniels, Andrew Eichenfield, Joel M Gelfand, Alice B Gottlieb, Alexa B Kimball, Mark Lebwohl, Nehal N Mehta, Amy S Paller, Jeffrey B Schwimmer, Dennis M Styne, Abby S Van Voorhees, Wynnis L Tom, Lawrence F Eichenfield
Importance: Psoriasis is a complex inflammatory skin condition associated with serious medical comorbidities in adults, including obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, type 2 diabetes mellitus, psoriatic arthritis, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, depression, anxiety, and decreased quality of life. Because psoriasis begins in childhood in almost one-third of patients, early identification of risk may be critical to minimizing effects on future health. Objective: To develop the first set of guidelines for comorbidity screening for patients with pediatric psoriasis based on current evidence...
May 17, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509816/variations-in-health-insurance-policies-regarding-biologic-therapy-use-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#13
Abhijeet Yadav, Joshua Foromera, Ilana Feuerstein, Kenneth R Falchuk, Joseph D Feuerstein
BACKGROUND: The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has developed guidelines for the management of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (CD) recommending anti-TNF therapy in moderate-severe disease. However, which drug is used is often dictated by insurance company policies. We sought to determine the insurance policy requirements prior to approval of biologic therapies. METHODS: Using the National Association of Insurance Commissioners report of the top 125 insurance companies by market share in 2014, we reviewed the first 50 that had online policies regarding anti-TNF and vedolizumab available...
June 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509767/variations-in-health-insurance-policies-regarding-biologic-therapy-use-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#14
Abhijeet Yadav, Joshua Foromera, Ilana Feuerstein, Kenneth R Falchuk, Joseph D Feuerstein
BACKGROUND: The American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) has developed guidelines for the management of ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease (CD) recommending anti-TNF therapy in moderate-severe disease. However, which drug is used is often dictated by insurance company policies. We sought to determine the insurance policy requirements prior to approval of biologic therapies. METHODS: Using the National Association of Insurance Commissioners report of the top 125 insurance companies by market share in 2014, we reviewed the first 50 that had online policies regarding anti-TNF and vedolizumab available...
May 15, 2017: Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442121/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-care-pathway-a-report-from-the-american-gastroenterological-association-institute-hcv-care-pathway-work-group
#15
Fasiha Kanwal, Bruce R Bacon, Lauren A Beste, Joel V Brill, Allen L Gifford, Stuart C Gordon, Michael A Horberg, Jacob G Manthey, Nancy Reau, Vinod K Rustgi, Zobair M Younossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442120/american-gastroenterological-association-institute-technical-review-on-the-role-of-elastography-in-chronic-liver-diseases
#16
Siddharth Singh, Andrew J Muir, Douglas T Dieterich, Yngve T Falck-Ytter
Chronic liver diseases (CLDs), due to chronic hepatitis C; hepatitis B; nonalcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD); and alcoholic liver disease, are a leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Early identification of patients with cirrhosis at high risk of progression to liver-related complications may facilitate timely care and improve outcomes. With risks and misclassification associated with invasive tests, such as liver biopsy, noninvasive imaging modalities for liver fibrosis assessment have gained popularity...
May 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442119/american-gastroenterological-association-institute-guideline-on-the-role-of-elastography-in-the-evaluation-of-liver-fibrosis
#17
Joseph K Lim, Steven L Flamm, Siddharth Singh, Yngve T Falck-Ytter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410896/gastroparesis-clinical-and-regulatory-insights-for-clinical-trials
#18
Pankaj J Pasricha, Michael Camilleri, William L Hasler, Henry P Parkman
Gastroparesis continues to represent a large unmet clinical need and a major opportunity for new drug development. This has led to increasing interest by federal funding agencies, regulatory bodies, and industry. This article summarizes the proceedings of the gastroparesis section of the "Drug Development Conference: Clinical Endpoints in Upper GI Disorders" organized by the American Gastroenterological Association in Washington, DC, on October 27-28, 2016. The presentation, diagnosis, and current therapeutic strategies are briefly reviewed, followed by a detailed discussion of the regulatory strategy, recommended endpoints, and future directions...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396105/eosinophilic-esophagitis-a-case-study-of-a-12-year-old-boy
#19
Katherine Kiely
Eosinophilic esophagitis is an underrecognized chronic condition in which symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux are accompanied by eosinophilia in the esophagus. This disorder affects both children and adults and is associated with a history of other atopic disorders, particularly food allergies. This case study discusses the epidemiology of eosinophilic esophagitis and the proper procedures for diagnosis, referral, and management using the dietary restrictions and pharmacologic treatment included in the clinical recommendations issued by the North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology, and Nutrition; the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology; and the American College of Gastroenterologists...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367203/the-50-most-cited-articles-in-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-from-mainland-china
#20
Sun-Kuan Hu, Jie Huang, Wan-Dong Hong, Xiao-Jing Du, Rong Jin, Tie-Su Lin
OBJECTIVE: To identify and analyze the 50 most-cited gastroenterology and hepatology articles originating from mainland China. METHODS: We utilized the 2015 edition of Journal Citation Reports and PubMed to determine the 50 most-cited gastroenterology and hepatology articles from 75 professional journals and four leading journals in clinical medicine, which are The New England Journal of Medicine, The Lancet, The Journal of the American Medical Association, and The British Medical Journal...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
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