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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893980/managing-crohn-s-disease-after-surgery-a-patient-guide
#1
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 25, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888868/novel-findings-in-colorectal-polyp-surveillance
#2
Sabela Carballal
Colorectal adenomas and serrated polyps are the best characterised premalignant lesions involved in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). Therefore, the identification and removal of these lesions, as well as post-polypectomy surveillance of affected patients, are key goals in the field of CRC prevention. Current post-polypectomy surveillance strategies differ among the various scientific societies and have several limitations that hamper their application in clinical practice. First, current surveillance intervals are based only on polyp characteristics, excluding other potential clinical conditions, such as diabetes or metabolic syndrome...
September 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888867/colorectal-cancer-screening
#3
Xavier Bessa Caserras
In the latest meeting of the American Gastroenterological Association, several clinical studies were presented that aimed to evaluate the various colorectal cancer screening strategies, although most assessed the various aspects of faecal immunochemical testing (FIT) and colonoscopy. Data were presented from consecutive FIT-based screening rounds, confirming the importance of adherence to consecutive screening rounds, achieving a similar or superior diagnostic yield to endoscopic studies. There was confirmation of the importance of not delaying endoscopic study after a positive result...
September 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888866/hereditary-forms-of-colorectal-cancer
#4
Antoni Castells
Colorectal cancer is one of the most frequent neoplasms in western countries; it is the third most common cancer in men after prostate and lung cancer and the second most common in women after breast cancer. Colorectal cancer is usually sporadic but in a small proportion is hereditary. The genetic cause is well established, allowing pre-symptomatic diagnosis in at-risk relatives. The present article reviews the most novel findings presented at the latest meeting of the American Gastroenterological Association on hereditary forms of colorectal cancer, especially Lynch syndrome and MUTYH-associated polyposis, as well as diverse organisational aspects that can favour the correct management of these patients and their relatives...
September 2016: Gastroenterología y Hepatología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846141/an-analysis-of-factors-predicting-successful-transition-from-pancreatology-abstracts-to-full-publications
#5
Douglas Grunwald, Joseph D Feuerstein, Irena Maria Maier, Sunil G Sheth
OBJECTIVES: Historically, less than half of peer-reviewed abstracts are published. We set out to determine how many pancreas-related abstracts are published within 5 years of presentation at gastroenterology conferences and to determine a model that predicts successful transition from abstract to journal publication. METHODS: We collected data on study design from all pancreas-related abstracts at the 2010 Digestive Disease Week (DDW), American College of Gastroenterology, and American Pancreatic Association conferences...
November 11, 2016: Pancreas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796765/global-health-education-in-gastroenterology-fellowship-a-national-survey
#6
Pichamol Jirapinyo, Rachel S Hunt, Ying P Tabak, Deborah D Proctor, Frederick L Makrauer
BACKGROUND: Interest in global health (GH) education is increasing across disciplines. AIMS: To assess exposure to and perception of GH training among gastroenterology fellows and program directors across the USA. METHODS: Design: Electronic survey study. SETTING: The questionnaire was circulated to accredited US gastroenterology fellowship programs, with the assistance of the American Gastroenterological Association...
October 28, 2016: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790736/body-mass-index-greater-than-35-is-associated-with-severe-clostridium-difficile-infection
#7
R Mulki, A J Baumann, T Alnabelsi, N Sandhu, Y Alhamshari, D S Wheeler, S Perloff, P O Katz
BACKGROUND: Obesity has been implicated in the acquisition of Clostridium difficile infections (CDI), however, no study has investigated whether there is a correlation between body mass index (BMI) and CDI severity. AIM: To determine whether obesity, as measured by BMI correlates with severe hospital-onset or community-onset CDI. METHODS: Patients admitted with CDI at a tertiary-care center from January 2013 to June 2015 were identified. The cohort was stratified by onset of disease using the National Healthcare Safety Network criteria, and by severity using the 2013 American College of Gastroenterology guidelines...
January 2017: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744398/prevalence-of-systemic-sclerosis-in-primary-biliary-cholangitis-using-the-new-acr-eular-classification-criteria
#8
Boyang Zheng, Catherine Vincent, Marvin J Fritzler, Jean-Luc Senécal, Martial Koenig, France Joyal
OBJECTIVE: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a well-established disease associated with primary biliary cholangitis (PBC). However, the original 1980 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria have poor sensitivity, especially for the detection of earlier SSc in previous studies. The objective was to evaluate the prevalence of SSc in patients with PBC using more sensitive 2001 LeRoy and Medsger criteria and the 2013 ACR/European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) classification criteria...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27721739/the-diagnosis-and-manifestations-of-liver-injury-secondary-to-off-label-androgenic-anabolic-steroid-use
#9
Elena Cabb, Shanna Baltar, David Wes Powers, Karthik Mohan, Antonio Martinez, Eric Pitts
Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) presents as a broad spectrum of adverse drug reactions which can range from a mild elevation in liver enzymes to fulminant liver failure. The primary goal is to identify DILI early when the patient's liver enzymes are elevated and to discontinue the offending agent as soon as possible to prevent further injury. Herbal, dietary supplements and anabolic steroids represent a significant component of the drugs thought to cause DILI in the United States. Unlike all other drugs known to cause DILI, these drugs fall into a category of injury that is neither intrinsic nor idiosyncratic due to overlapping characteristics between the two...
May 2016: Case Reports in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702561/diagnosis-and-management-of-low-grade-dysplasia-in-barrett-s%C3%A2-esophagus-clinical-practice-updates-expert-review%C3%A2-from-the-clinical-guidelines-committee-of-the-american%C3%A2-gastroenterological-association
#10
Sachin Wani, Joel H Rubenstein, Michael Vieth, Jacques Bergman
The purpose of this clinical practice update: expert review is to define the key principles in the diagnosis and management of low-grade dysplasia (LGD) in Barrett's esophagus patients. The best practices outlined in this review are based on relevant publications, including systematic reviews and expert opinion (when applicable). Practice Advice 1: The extent of Barrett's esophagus should be defined using a standardized grading system documenting the circumferential and maximal extent of the columnar lined esophagus (Prague classification) with a clear description of landmarks and visible lesions (nodularity, ulceration) when present...
October 1, 2016: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694857/editorial-statins-for-inflammatory-bowel-disease-expanding-the-scope-of-prevention
#11
Hamed Khalili
In addition to cholesterol depletion, statins also significantly decrease systemic inflammation as measured by C-reactive protein. In this issue of American Journal of Gastroenterology, Ungaro et al. present their results on the associations between statin prescriptions and risk of Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Using a national medical claims and pharmacy database created by Symphony Health Solutions LLC (SHA), they show that any use of statin is protective against diagnosis of CD and UC...
October 2016: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693645/comparing-3-guidelines-on-the-management-of-surgically-removed-pancreatic-cysts-with-regard-to-pathological-outcome
#12
Selma J Lekkerkerker, Marc G Besselink, Olivier R Busch, Joanne Verheij, Marc R Engelbrecht, Erik A Rauws, Paul Fockens, Jeanin E van Hooft
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Currently, 3 guidelines are available for the management of pancreatic cysts. These guidelines vary in their indication for resection of high-risk cysts. We retrospectively compared the final pathological outcome of surgically removed pancreatic cysts with the indications for resection according to 3 different guidelines. METHODS: Patients who underwent pancreatic resection were extracted from our prospective pancreatic cyst database (2006-present)...
September 29, 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681503/nature-and-management-of-pancreatic-mucinous-cystic-neoplasm-mcn-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
Linda N Nilsson, Margaret G Keane, Awad Shamali, Judith Millastre Bocos, Monica Marijinissen van Zanten, Anne Antila, Cristina Verdejo Gil, Marco Del Chiaro, Johanna Laukkarinen
BACKGROUND: The current management of pancreatic mucinous cystic neoplasms (MCN) is defined by the consensus European, International Association of Pancreatology and American College of Gastroenterology guidelines. However, the criterion for surgical resection remains uncertain and differs between these guidelines. Therefore through this systematic review of the existing literature we aimed to better define the natural history and prognosis of these lesions, in order to clarify recommendations for future management...
September 20, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668072/predictors-of-suboptimal-bowel-preparation-in-asymptomatic-patients-undergoing-average-risk-screening-colonoscopy
#14
Shail M Govani, Eric E Elliott, Stacy B Menees, Stephanie L Judd, Sameer D Saini, Constantinos P Anastassiades, Annette L Urganus, Suzanna J Boyce, Philip S Schoenfeld
AIM: To identify risk factors for a suboptimal preparation among a population undergoing screening or surveillance colonoscopy. METHODS: Retrospective review of the University of Michigan and Veteran's Administration (VA) Hospital records from 2009 to identify patients age 50 and older who underwent screening or surveillance procedure and had resection of polyps less than 1 cm in size and no more than 2 polyps. Patients with inflammatory bowel disease or a family history of colorectal cancer were excluded...
September 16, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27665261/implementation-and-adherence-to-osteoporosis-screening-guidelines-among-coeliac-disease-patients
#15
Prashant Singh, John J Garber
BACKGROUND: There are no studies evaluating the implementation of American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) guidelines on osteoporosis screening in coeliac disease. AIMS: To investigate implementation of osteoporosis screening guidelines in coeliac disease patients and determine how often bone mineral density (BMD) assessment leads to therapeutic intervention. METHODS: We screened all patients with biopsy-proven coeliac disease at our center from 2003 to 2013 and collected data on indication and results of dual energy X-ray absorptiometry scanning (DXA) and therapeutic interventions...
September 5, 2016: Digestive and Liver Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622366/united-states-guidelines-for-diverticulitis-treatment
#16
Martin H Floch, Walter E Longo
Guidelines for diverticular disease management were last supported and published by the American Gastroenterology Association and the American College of Gastroenterology 2 decades ago. Guidelines have been published in other countries and by some societies. These guidelines are suggested as United States of America guidelines. In reality, they are what is practiced in Connecticut at Yale New Haven hospitals. The epidemiology and pathophysiology is described. This is still considered a dietary fiber-deficiency disease that results in high intracolonic pressure with resultant outpocketing of diverticula in the weakest point of the colon at the sites of vascular penetration with developing elastin deposition in the colon wall...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600190/quality-of-meta-analyses-in-major-leading-gastroenterology-and-hepatology-journals-a-systematic-review
#17
Pengfei Liu, Yuanyu Qiu, Yuting Qian, Xiao Chen, Yiran Wang, Jin Cui, Xiao Zhai
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To appraise the current reporting methodological quality of meta-analyses in five leading gastroenterology and hepatology journals, and to identify the variables associated with the reporting quality. METHODS: We systematically searched the literature of meta-analyses in Gastroenterology, Gut, Hepatology, Journal of Hepatology (J HEPATOL) and American Journal of Gastroenterology (AM J GASTROENTEROL) from 2006 to 2008 and from 2012 to 2014. Characteristics were extracted based on the PRISMA statement and the AMSTAR tool...
September 6, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27568846/requirement-of-a-single-high-risk-feature-as-an-indication-for-eus-for-the-diagnosis-of-asymptomatic-pancreatic-cysts
#18
Divyanshoo R Kohli, Ashwani Kapoor, Doumit BouHaidar, Ravi Vachhani
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) is widely used to evaluate pancreatic cysts. Recent American Gastroenterological Association (AGA) guideline limits EUS for evaluation of cysts with at-least two high-risk features (size ≥ 3 cm, dilated main pancreatic duct or presence of a solid component). We have investigated the impact of this guideline on sensitivity of EUS for pancreatic cancer and the reduction of EUS procedures for pancreas cysts. METHODS: EUS procedures performed between 2004 and 2015 and related patient records were retrospectively reviewed to determine the presence or absence of high-risk features, and for the results of fine needle aspiration cytology...
August 20, 2016: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27565547/evidence-informed-expert-recommendations-for-the-management-of-celiac-disease-in-children
#19
John Snyder, J Decker Butzner, Amy R DeFelice, Alessio Fasano, Stefano Guandalini, Edwin Liu, Kimberly P Newton
Although the need for effective long-term follow-up for patients with celiac disease (CD) has been recognized by many expert groups, published practice guidelines have not provided a clear approach for the optimal management of these patients. In an attempt to provide a thoughtful and practical approach for managing these patients, a group of experts in pediatric CD performed a critical review of the available literature in 6 categories associated with CD to develop a set of best practices by using evidence-based data and expert opinion...
September 2016: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509887/gastroenterologists-perceptions-regarding-ulcerative-colitis-and-its-management-results-from-a-large-scale-survey
#20
Karen Lasch, Stephen Liu, Lyann Ursos, Reema Mody, Kristen King-Concialdi, Marco DiBonaventura, Julie Leberman, Marla Dubinsky
INTRODUCTION: Misperceptions about ulcerative colitis (UC) may influence management strategies and limit opportunities for improving patient outcomes. This study assessed physicians' perceptions of UC, concepts of disease severity and remission, and treatment goals. METHODS: Gastroenterologists who typically treated ≥10 adults with UC per month were recruited for a large-scale, web-based survey. Participants were asked about their perceptions of UC (often vs. Crohn's disease [CD]), treatment goals, and medication use...
October 2016: Advances in Therapy
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