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DIABETES ED visits

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891639/ambulatory-medication-reconciliation-and-frequency-of-hospitalizations-and-emergency-department-visits-in-patients-with-diabetes
#1
Alexander Turchin, Olukayode Sosina, Huabing Zhang, Maria Shubina, Sonali P Desai, Donald C Simonson, Marcia A Testa
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between ambulatory medication reconciliation and health care utilization in patients with diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this retrospective cohort analysis, we studied adults taking at least one diabetes medication treated in primary care practices affiliated with two academic medical centers between 2000 and 2014. We assessed the relationship between the fraction of outpatient diabetes medications reconciled over a 6-month period and the composite primary outcome of combined frequency of emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations over the subsequent 6 months...
June 11, 2018: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891569/erectile-dysfunction-as-an-independent-predictor-of-future-cardiovascular-events-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis
#2
S M Iftekhar Uddin, Mohammadhassan Mirbolouk, Zeina Dardari, David I Feldman, Miguel Cainzos-Achirica, Andrew P DeFilippis, Philip Greenland, Ron Blankstein, Kevin L Billups, Martin Miner, Khurram Nasir, Michael J Blaha
Vascular erectile dysfunction (ED) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) share common risk factors including obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus, and smoking. ED and CVD also have common underlying pathological mechanisms, including endothelial dysfunction, inflammation, and atherosclerosis.1 Despite these close relationships, the evidence documenting ED as an independent predictor of future CVD events is limited.We therefore leveraged the MESA study (Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis), an ethnically diverse, community-based, multisite prospective cohort study, to examine the value of self-reported ED for predicting incident coronary heart disease (CHD) and CVD in those free of these CVD events at baseline...
June 11, 2018: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29869467/effect-of-socioeconomic-status-and-underlying-disease-on-the-association-between-ambient-temperature-and-ischemic-stroke
#3
Seong Kyung Cho, Jungwoo Sohn, Jaelim Cho, Juhwan Noh, Kyoung Hwa Ha, Yoon Jung Choi, Sangjoon Pae, Changsoo Kim, Dong Chun Shin
PURPOSE: Inconsistent findings have been reported regarding the effect of ambient temperature on ischemic stroke. Furthermore, little is known about how underlying disease and low socioeconomic status influence the association. We, therefore, investigated the relationship between ambient temperature and emergency department (ED) visits for ischemic stroke, and aimed to identify susceptible populations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using medical claims data, we identified ED visits for ischemic stroke during 2005-2009 in Seoul, Korea...
July 2018: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29799604/frequency-of-return-visits-to-the-emergency-department-in-patients-discharged-following-hypoglycemia-episodes
#4
David P Betten, David J Castle, Mary J Hughes, Jason N Henney
BACKGROUND: In-hospital observation is typically recommended for patients who present to the emergency department with symptomatic hypoglycemia who are taking oral diabetes medications or long acting insulin. Individuals considered to be at low risk of further hypoglycemic episodes by treating providers are however on occasion discharged to home when a low suspicion of recurrence and close observation is available. We describe the frequency of hypoglycemia recurrence requiring further emergency department evaluation who have been recently discharged from the emergency department and are taking oral diabetes medications or long-acting insulin...
May 24, 2018: International Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753799/predictors-of-erectile-function-normalization-in-men-with-erectile-dysfunction-treated-with-placebo
#5
John P Mulhall, Martin Carlsson, Vera Stecher, Li-Jung Tseng
BACKGROUND: Clinical study and practice data have shown sildenafil improves sexual function in men with erectile dysfunction (ED). However, some men treated with placebo in double-blind, placebo-controlled sildenafil studies also report improved erectile function as measured by International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF)-Erectile Function Domain (EFD) scores. AIM: This analysis estimated the relationship between post-baseline IIEF-EFD scores and demographic variables, including co-morbidities, in men with ED receiving placebo in flexible-dose sildenafil studies...
June 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29587583/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-unplanned-reoperations-emergency-department-visits-and-hospital-readmission-after-thyroidectomy
#6
Joseph Margolick, Wenjia Chen, Sam M Wiseman
BACKGROUND: Unplanned reoperation, emergency department (ED) visits, and hospital readmission following thyroid operations usually arise due to complications and are a source of frustration for both surgeons and patients. With the aim of providing insight important for the development of patient quality care improvement initiatives, the primary objective of this review was to evaluate the available literature systematically in order to determine the contemporary rates of reoperation, readmission, and ED visits following thyroid operations...
May 2018: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29552104/continuity-of-medication-management-among-adults-with-schizophrenia-and-comorbid-cardiometabolic-conditions
#7
Richard A Hansen, Natalie Hohmann, Matthew L Maciejewski, Marisa E Domino, Neepa Ray, Nirosha Mahendraratnam, Joel F Farley
Objectives: Adults with schizophrenia and cardiometabolic conditions may be good candidates for co-management by primary care prescribers and specialists. Associated risks for discontinuity in medication management have not been well-studied. This study examines whether medication adherence, inpatient admissions, and emergency department (ED) visits vary by the number and types of prescribers seen by adults with schizophrenia and cardiometabolic conditions. Methods: This study used a retrospective cohort of 4,223 adult Medicaid enrollees with schizophrenia and hypertension, hyperlipidemia, and/or diabetes from three states in 2009-2010...
March 2018: Journal of Pharmaceutical Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29551427/don-t-play-with-your-nodule-case-report-of-tachycardia-and-other-adverse-reactions-from-manipulation-of-an-exenatide-injection-site-nodule
#8
Caitlin Sandman, Benjamin Krainin, Jamie Roper
BACKGROUND: Type II diabetes mellitus (DM) is an increasingly prevalent cause of morbidity and mortality among U.S. adults, with increasing prevalence in emergency department (ED) visits. Multiple medications, such as exenatide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 agonist, have been developed in the past decade to combat this growing problem. This medication is well documented to cause gastrointestinal upset and skin nodules at the injection site. However, currently no documented cases exist regarding manipulation of injection nodules causing increased absorption or reports demonstrating an increase in adverse drug reactions...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29532139/the-impact-of-the-implementation-of-the-enhanced-recovery-after-surgery-eras-%C3%A2-program-in-an-entire-health-system-a-natural-experiment-in-alberta-canada
#9
Zaina AlBalawi, Leah Gramlich, Gregg Nelson, Peter Senior, Erik Youngson, Finlay A McAlister
BACKGROUND: The Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) program has been shown to reduce length of stay (LOS) in colorectal surgical patients in randomized trials. The impact outside of trial settings, or in subgroups of patients excluded from trials such as individuals with diabetes, is uncertain. We conducted this study to evaluate the impact of ERAS implementation in Alberta, Canada. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study and interrupted time series analysis using linked administrative data to examine LOS and postoperative outcomes in the 12 months pre- and post-implementation of ERAS in 2013 for all adults undergoing elective colorectal surgery...
March 12, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29502562/younger-adults-initiating-hemodialysis-antidepressant-use-for-depression-associated-with-higher-health-care-utilization
#10
Diana L Vork, Terry D Schneekloth, Adam C Bartley, Lisa E Vaughan, Maria I Lapid, Sheila G Jowsey-Gregoire, Ziad M El-Zoghby, Sandra M Herrmann, Cheryl L Tran, Robert C Albright, LaTonya J Hickson
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between antidepressant use and health care utilization in young adults beginning maintenance hemodialysis (HD) therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Antidepressant use, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits were examined in young adults (N=130; age, 18-44 years) initiating HD (from January 1, 2001, through December 31, 2013) at a midwestern US institution. Primary outcomes included hospitalizations and ED visits during the first year...
March 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496365/impact-of-the-severity-of-hypoglycemia-on-health-related-quality-of-life-productivity-resource-use-and-costs-among-us-patients-with-type-2-diabetes
#11
Manjiri Pawaskar, Kristy Iglay, Edward A Witt, Samuel S Engel, Swapnil Rajpathak
AIMS: To explore the association between hypoglycemia severity and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), productivity, health care resource utilization (HCRU), and costs among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). METHODS: Data were from the 2013 US National Health and Wellness Survey. This analysis included adults with treated T2DM. Participants were categorized based upon their self-reported experience in the previous 3 months: no hypoglycemia, non-severe hypoglycemia, or severe hypoglycemia...
May 2018: Journal of Diabetes and its Complications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29492706/hyperkalemia-in-the-hypertensive-patient
#12
REVIEW
Jay Ian Lakkis, Matthew R Weir
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hyperkalemia develops in a patient with systemic arterial hypertension (HTN) if one or more risk factors are present, namely chronic kidney disease (CKD) (especially severe stage 4-5 CKD), diabetes mellitus (DM), heart failure (HF), or pharmacological therapies that interfere with potassium homeostasis, mainly through renin-angiotensin-aldosterone inhibition (RAASi). Hyperkalemia is a considerable reason of morbidity (emergency department (ED) visits and hospitalizations) and portends a higher mortality risk in patients at risk; for instance, hyperkalemia increases the risk of mortality within 1 day of a hyperkalemic event...
March 1, 2018: Current Cardiology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482196/unrecognized-cardiovascular-emergencies-among-medicare-patients
#13
Daniel A Waxman, Hemal K Kanzaria, David L Schriger
Importance: The Institute of Medicine described diagnostic error as the next frontier in patient safety and highlighted a critical need for better measurement tools. Objectives: To estimate the proportions of emergency department (ED) visits attributable to symptoms of imminent ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA), acute myocardial infarction (AMI), stroke, aortic dissection, and subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) that end in discharge without diagnosis; to evaluate longitudinal trends; and to identify patient characteristics independently associated with missed diagnostic opportunities...
April 1, 2018: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442992/emergency-department-visits-by-patients-aged-45-and-over-with-diabetes-united-states-2015
#14
Margaret J Hall, Pinyao Rui, Alexander Schwartzman
An estimated 30 million Americans have diabetes, of whom 26 million are aged 45 and over (1). Healthy eating and exercise can prevent diabetes progression (1,2). Around 12 million emergency department (ED) visits in 2015 were by patients aged 45 and over with diabetes, representing 24% of ED visits by patients aged 45 and over and 80% of diabetes ED visits by patients of all ages (3). This report presents data on ED visits by patients aged 45 and over with diabetes, defined as visits for which diabetes is mentioned as either a diagnosis or as one of a set of conditions that the patient is reported to have...
February 2018: NCHS Data Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427695/food-insecurity-is-associated-with-high-risk-glycemic-control-and-higher-health-care-utilization-among-youth-and-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes
#15
Jason A Mendoza, Wren Haaland, Ralph B D'Agostino, Lauren Martini, Catherine Pihoker, Edward A Frongillo, Elizabeth J Mayer-Davis, Lenna L Liu, Dana Dabelea, Jean M Lawrence, Angela D Liese
AIMS: Household food insecurity (FI), i.e., limited availability of nutritionally adequate foods, is associated with poor glycemic control among adults with type 2 diabetes. We evaluated the association of FI among youth and young adults (YYA) with type 1 diabetes to inform recent clinical recommendations from the American Diabetes Association for providers to screen all patients with diabetes for FI. METHODS: Using data from the Washington and South Carolina SEARCH for Diabetes in Youth Study sites, we conducted an observational, cross-sectional evaluation of associations between FI and glycemic control, hospitalizations, and emergency department (ED) visits among YYA with type 1 diabetes...
April 2018: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289751/patient-selection-for-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation-in-the-surgical-management-of-chronic-pancreatitis
#16
Katherine A Morgan, William P Lancaster, Stefanie M Owczarski, Hongjun Wang, Jeffrey Borckardt, David B Adams
BACKGROUND: Best practice to select patients with chronic pancreatitis for surgical management with total pancreatectomy with islet autotransplantation (TPIAT) is in evolution as new discoveries are made in the pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis. STUDY DESIGN: A prospectively maintained database of patients undergoing TPIAT was reviewed. Islet function was inferred from daily insulin requirement. Pain relief was evaluated by healthcare use and narcotic use. Quality of life (QOL) was measured with the RAND 12-Item Short Form Survey...
April 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29235658/baseline-characteristics-and-outcomes-of-older-adults-seeking-care-in-ambulatory-urgent-care-clinics
#17
MULTICENTER STUDY
Bernardo J Reyes, Javier M Lopez, Diana J Galindo, Maria Briceno, Joseph G Ouslander
OBJECTIVES: To determine the most common clinical conditions associated with older adults visiting Urgent care centers (UCCs) and the potential need for further resource use. DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective study. SETTING: Nonprofit academic medical center with campuses and multiple satellite offices in Ohio and Florida. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals aged 55 and older who visited UCCs between August 2014 and March 2015 (N = 9,445; average age 63...
December 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208334/factors-influencing-recurrent-emergency-department-visits-for-epistaxis-in-the-elderly
#18
Mohamad R Chaaban, Dong Zhang, Vicente Resto, James S Goodwin
OBJECTIVE: Our objective is to determine the risk factors associated with recurrent epistaxis requiring emergency department (ED) visits in the elderly. METHODS: We used a 5% national sample of Medicare data from January 2012 through December 2013. Our cohort included patients with a new diagnosis of epistaxis in the ED, defined as no epistaxis in the prior 12 months. We assessed the rates of ED visits for recurrent epistaxis in the 12 months following the incident visit...
August 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195906/patterns-and-predictors-of-emergency-department-visits-among-older-patients-after-breast-cancer-surgery-a-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Tracy Westley, Ania Syrowatka, David Henault, Young-Soo Rho, Francois Khazoom, Sue-Ling Chang, Robyn Tamblyn, Nancy Mayo, Ari N Meguerditchian
OBJECTIVES: To characterize rates, reasons for, and associated predictors for emergency department (ED) visits after breast cancer (BC) surgery. METHODS: All women over 65 years undergoing curative surgery for non-metastatic incident BC (1998-2012) were identified using Quebec's universal healthcare administrative databases. Reasons for ED visits within 45days of operation were reported. Associated factors were estimated using Cox regression. RESULTS: Of 24,463 patients, 12...
May 2018: Journal of Geriatric Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115072/emergency-department-visits-can-be-reduced-by-having-a-regular-doctor-for-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus-secondary-analysis-of-2013-korea-health-panel-data
#20
Clara Lee, Nak Jin Sung, Hyeong Seok Lim, Jae Ho Lee
Chronic diseases pose a major challenge to population health worldwide. Diabetes is a major chronic disease that is managed overwhelmingly in primary care. There is an increasing recognition of the role that primary care physicians play to achieve high-quality care for patients with diabetes. By analyzing 2013 Korean Health Panel data, the authors aimed to determine the current status of having a regular doctor (RD) for adults (aged 18 years or older) with diabetes. In addition, the association of having a RD with the experience of emergency department (ED) visits was determined in this study...
December 2017: Journal of Korean Medical Science
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