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Essential imaging display

Yunuen Avalos-Padilla, Roland L Knorr, Rosario Javier-Reyna, Guillermina García-Rivera, Reinhard Lipowsky, Rumiana Dimova, Esther Orozco
The endosomal sorting complex required for transport (ESCRT) orchestrates cell membrane-remodeling mechanisms in eukaryotes, including endocytosis. However, ESCRT functions in phagocytosis (ingestion of ≥250 nm particles), has been poorly studied. In macrophages and amoebae, phagocytosis is required for cell nutrition and attack to other microorganisms and cells. In Entamoeba histolytica , the voracious protozoan responsible for human amoebiasis, phagocytosis is a land mark of virulence. Here, we have investigated the role of ESCRT-III in the phagocytosis of E...
2018: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Julien Ternacle, Romain Gallet, Annabelle Nguyen, Jean-François Deux, Antonio Fiore, Emmanuel Teiger, Jean-Luc Dubois-Randé, Elisabeth Riant, Pascal Lim
Percutaneous approaches to treat structural heart diseases are growing in number and complexity. Multimodality imaging is essential for planning and monitoring such interventions. The combination of three-dimensional transoesophageal echocardiography with fluoroscopy is the cornerstone of interventional imaging. However, these two modalities are displayed on separate screens, and are handled by different physicians, which requires a complex mental reconstruction for the interventional team. To overcome this issue, echocardiographic-fluoroscopic fusion imaging has been introduced recently in clinical practice...
March 11, 2018: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases
Sevtap Acer, Ebru Karaca Umay, Fatma Nazlı, Ugur Onur Kasman, İbrahim Gündoğdu, Aytül Çakcı
Introduction: Although the prognosis of spinal cord injury without radiographic evidence of abnormality (SCIWORA) depends on the severity of the initial neurological damage, most patients with American Spinal Injury Association impairment scale grade D are expected to recover fully. Case presentation: An 85-year-old patient with SCIWORA and urinary incontinence, who did not produce the expected response to rehabilitation, displayed the central, peripheral, and autonomic nervous system findings together...
2018: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
Ting-Yuan Wang, Nan-Yow Chen, Guan-Wei He, Guo-Tzau Wang, Chi-Tin Shih, Ann-Shyn Chiang
Effective 3D visualization is essential for connectomics analysis, where the number of neural images easily reaches over tens of thousands. A formidable challenge is to simultaneously visualize a large number of distinguishable single-neuron images, with reasonable processing time and memory for file management and 3D rendering. In the present study, we proposed an algorithm named "Kaleido" that can visualize up to at least ten thousand single neurons from the Drosophila brain using only a fraction of the memory traditionally required, without increasing computing time...
March 3, 2018: Neuroinformatics
Karl Gatterdam, Eike F Joest, Marina S Dietz, Mike Heilemann, Robert Tampé
Live-cell labeling, super-resolution microscopy, single-molecule applications, protein localization or chemically induced assembly are emerging approaches, which require specific and very small interaction pairs. The minimal disturbance of protein function is essential to derive unbiased insights into cellular processes. Here, we define a new class of hexavalent N-nitrilotriacetic acid (hexaNTA) chelators, displaying the highest affinity and stability of all NTA-based small interaction pairs described so far...
February 20, 2018: Angewandte Chemie
Purva Joshi, Anjali Sehrawat, Yoed Rabin
PURPOSE: This study aims at the evaluation of a prototype of a computerized trainer for cryosurgery-the controlled destruction of cancer tumors by freezing. The hypothesis in this study is that computer-based cryosurgery training for an optimal cryoprobe layout is essentially a matter of exposure time, rather than trainee background or the specific computer-generated planning target. Key geometric features under considerations are associated with spatial limitations on cryoprobes placement and the match between the resulted thermal field and the unique anatomy of the prostate...
February 2, 2018: International Journal of Computer Assisted Radiology and Surgery
Isabel Schlegel, Patricia Renz, Johanna Simon, Ingo Lieberwirth, Stefanie Pektor, Nicole Bausbacher, Matthias Miederer, Volker Mailänder, Rafael Muñoz-Espí, Daniel Crespy, Katharina Landfester
Magnetic resonance imaging has become an essential tool in medicine for the investigation of physiological processes. The key issues related to contrast agents, i.e., substances that are injected in the body for imaging, are the efficient enhancement of contrast, their low toxicity, and their defined biodistribution. Polyurea nanocapsules containing the gadolinium complex Gadobutrol as a contrast agent in high local concentration and high relaxivity up to 40 s-1 mmol-1 L are described. A high concentration of the contrast agent inside the nanocapsules can be ensured by increasing the crystallinity in the shell of the nanocapsules...
February 2, 2018: Macromolecular Bioscience
Isabelle Joy Lang, Margit Fisch, Luis Alex Kluth
BACKGROUND:  Vesico- and ureterovaginal fistulas are defined as abnormal connections between the urinary tract, on the one side, and the female genital system, on the other. Despite being highly prevalent as an acquired pathology of the urogenital system, there has as yet been no standardized protocol in place for diagnosing and treating these fistulas. This review analyses the current literature concerning vesico- and ureterovaginal fistulas in order to profile common diagnostic and therapeutic concepts...
February 2018: Aktuelle Urologie
Érica Aparecida de Oliveira, Bluma Linkowski Faintuch, Daniele Seo, Angélica Bueno Barbezan, Ana Funari, Roselaine Campos Targino, Ana Maria Moro
Early and accurate detection of primary or metastatic tumors is of great value in staging, treatment management, and prognosis. Tumor angiogenesis plays an essential role in the growth, invasion, and metastatic spread of solid cancers, and so, is a promising approach for tumor imaging. The GX1 (CGNSNPKSC) peptide was identified by phage display library and has been investigated as a marker for human cancers. This study aims to evaluate the 99mTc-HYNIC-PEG4-c (GX1) as a biomarker for tumor imaging. Our results showed that GX1 specifically binds to tumor cells in vitro...
January 24, 2018: Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology
Gage Redler, Kevin C Jones, Alistair Templeton, Damian Bernard, Julius Turian, James C H Chu
PURPOSE: Lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) requires delivering large radiation doses with millimeter accuracy, making image guidance essential. An approach to forming images of patient anatomy from photons Compton scattered during lung SBRT is presented. METHODS: To investigate the potential of scatter imaging, a pinhole collimator and flat-panel detector are used for spatial localization and detection of photons scattered during external beam therapy using lung SBRT treatment conditions (6MV FFF beam)...
January 23, 2018: Medical Physics
Gabriele Masselli, Martina Derme, Maria Grazia Piccioni, Vincenzo Spina, Francesca Laghi, Gianfranco Gualdi, Marialuisa Framarino-Dei-Malatesta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the accuracy of pelvic MRI in the diagnosis of unusual ectopic pregnancy (EP), when ultrasound (US) examination is inconclusive. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 150 patients with suspected EP. Clinical, US and MRI features of 15 unusual EPs were analysed. Two radiologists independently reviewed each case resolving by consensus any diagnostic discrepancy. Interobserver agreement was assessed using the Cohen κ test...
January 18, 2018: European Radiology
Xiuqi Kong, Baoli Dong, Xuezhen Song, Chao Wang, Nan Zhang, Weiying Lin
Controlled release systems with capabilities for direct and real-time monitoring of the release and dynamics of drugs in living systems are of great value for cancer chemotherapy. Herein, we describe a novel dual turn-on fluorescence signal-based controlled release system (CDox), in which the chemotherapy drug doxorubicin (Dox) and the fluorescent dye (CH) are conjugated by a hydrazone moiety, a pH-responsive cleavable linker. CDox itself shows nearly no fluorescence as the fluorescence of CH and Dox is essentially quenched by the C=N isomerization and N-N free rotation...
2018: Theranostics
Yiyang Ye, Tupei Chen, Juyuan Zhen, Chen Xu, Jun Zhang, Huakai Li
The ability to selectively scatter green light is essential for an RGB transparent projection display, and this can be achieved by a silver-core, titania-shell nanostructure (Ag@TiO2), based on the metallic nanoparticle's localized surface plasmon resonance. The ability to selectively scatter green light is shown in a theoretical design, in which structural optimization is included, and is then experimentally verified by characterization of a transparent film produced by dispersing such nanoparticles in a polymer matrix...
January 16, 2018: Nanoscale
Attila Gyoergy, Marko Roblek, Aparna Ratheesh, Katarina Valoskova, Vera Belyaeva, Stephanie Wachner, Yutaka Matsubayashi, Besaiz J Sánchez-Sánchez, Brian Stramer, Daria E Siekhaus
Drosophila melanogaster plasmatocytes, the phagocytic cells among hemocytes, are essential for immune responses, but also play key roles from early development to death through their interactions with other cell types. They regulate homeostasis and signaling during development, stem cell proliferation, metabolism, cancer, wound responses and aging, displaying intriguing molecular and functional conservation with vertebrate macrophages. Given the relative ease of genetics in Drosophila compared to vertebrates, tools permitting visualization and genetic manipulation of plasmatocytes and surrounding tissues independently at all stages would greatly aid in fully understanding these processes, but are lacking...
January 10, 2018: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
Kathrein von Kopylow, Wolfgang Schulze, Andrea Salzbrunn, Matthias Schaks, Elke Schäfer, Beate Roth, Stefan Schlatt, Andrej-Nikolai Spiess
STUDY QUESTION: Is it possible to induce in-vitro reorganization of primary human testis cells from testicular sperm extraction (TESE) biopsies, maintain their long-term cultivation in a 2D system and identify cellular compositions? SUMMARY ANSWER: In-vitro reorganization of primary human testis cells from TESE biopsies and their long-term cultivation on uncoated cell culture dishes is feasible and the cellular compositions can be uncovered through gene expression and microscopic analyses...
January 3, 2018: Molecular Human Reproduction
Giulio Russo, Ulrike Theisen, Wieland Fahr, Saskia Helmsing, Michael Hust, Reinhard W Köster, Stefan Dübel
Cadherin-2 plays a fundamental role during zebrafish CNS and heart morphogenesis. Profiling zCdh2 expression via antibody staining is essential to achieving better understanding of its role during zebrafish development. Generation of recombinant human antibodies to zCdh2 by phage display was used to identify monoclonal antibodies with reduced unspecific binding patterns when compared to available commercial antibodies. Specificity was profiled using flow cytometry of wild type, zCdh2-defective mutant and zCdh2-GFP zebrafish cells...
December 28, 2017: New Biotechnology
Jessica N Peoples, David G Taylor, Alexander N Katchman, Steven N Ebert
Mouse embryos that lack the ability to produce the adrenergic hormones, norepinephrine (NE) and epinephrine (EPI), due to disruption of the dopamine beta-hydroxylase (Dbh-/-) gene inevitably perish from heart failure during mid-gestation. Since adrenergic stimulation is well-known to enhance calcium signaling in developing as well as adult myocardium, and impairments in calcium signaling are typically associated with heart failure, we hypothesized that adrenergic-deficient embryonic hearts would display deficiencies in cardiac calcium signaling relative to adrenergic-competent controls at a developmental stage immediately preceding the onset of heart failure, which first appears beginning or shortly after mouse embryonic day 10...
December 27, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Justyna M Meissner, Aleksander F Sikorski, Tomasz Nawara, Jakub Grzesiak, Krzysztof Marycz, Dżamila M Bogusławska, Izabela Michalczyk, Marie-Christine Lecomte, Beata Machnicka
T-lymphocyte activation after antigen presentation to the T-Cell Receptor (TCR) is a critical step in the development of proper immune responses to infection and inflammation. This dynamic process involves reorganization of the actin cytoskeleton and signaling molecules at the cell membrane, leading to the formation of the Immunological Synapse (IS). The mechanisms regulating the formation of the IS are not completely understood. Nonerythroid spectrin is a membrane skeletal protein involved in the regulation of many cellular processes, including cell adhesion, signaling and actin cytoskeleton remodeling...
2017: PloS One
Fernando Wario, Benjamin Wild, Raúl Rojas, Tim Landgraf
The waggle dance is one of the most popular examples of animal communication. Forager bees direct their nestmates to profitable resources via a complex motor display. Essentially, the dance encodes the polar coordinates to the resource in the field. Unemployed foragers follow the dancer's movements and then search for the advertised spots in the field. Throughout the last decades, biologists have employed different techniques to measure key characteristics of the waggle dance and decode the information it conveys...
2017: PloS One
Pedro Pires, Patricia Jungmann, Jully Moura Galvão, Adriano Hazin, Luiza Menezes, Ricardo Ximenes, Gabriele Tonni, Edward Araujo Júnior
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe the prenatal and postnatal neuroimaging and clinical findings in a clinical series following congenital Zika virus syndrome during the first epidemic Zika virus (ZIKV) outbreak in the State of Pernambuco, Brazil. METHODS: We (the authors) conducted a retrospective study of a prospectively collected case series of fetuses and neonates with microcephaly born to mothers with presumed/confirmed congenital ZIKV syndrome. Prenatal ultrasound findings were reviewed to identify potential central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities...
December 5, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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