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Nasal valve

Johannes A Veit, Melanie Nordmann, Britta Dietz, Fabian Sommer, Jörg Lindemann, Nicole Rotter, Jens Greve, Achim von Bomhard, Thomas K Hoffmann, Ricarda Riepl, Marc O Scheithauer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Septal deviation and hypertrophic inferior turbinates are a frequent cause of nasal breathing disorders. The goal of this study was to prove the effectiveness and safety of three current turbinoplasty techniques. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective, three-arm, single-blinded, single-center, randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly assigned to either anterior turbinoplasty (ATP) (n = 20), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) (n = 19; Celon Pro Breath), or novel submucous radial diode laser ablation (DLA) (n = 21; ELVeS Radial PainLess, wavelength = 1,470 nm), each in combination with standard septoplasty...
September 16, 2016: Laryngoscope
G Lekakis, E Dekimpe, B Steelant, P W Hellings
INTRODUCTION: Patients suffering from nasal obstruction due to nasal valve compromise may benefit from a nasal dilator. Several devices for widening of the external/internal nasal valve region can be applied endonasally (Airmax, Nasanita, Nozovent) or externally (Breathe Right). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 patients suffering from nasal obstruction due to external or internal nasal valve compromise were involved in this study. All patients were evaluated for nasal obstruction with visual analogue scores (VAS) and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) measurements before and after the application of 4 nasal dilators...
September 4, 2016: Rhinology
Seyed Esmail Hassanpour, Ataollah Heidari, Seyed Mehdi Moosavizadeh, Mohammad Reza Tarahomi, Ali Goljanian, Sanaz Tavakoli
BACKGROUND: Although the assignment and suturing of the spreader graft to the septum is a routine part of rhinoplasty, it is a time wasting procedure and some problems may occur. Rather, autospreader flap is a new method that the dorsal part of the upper lateral cartilage is used as its own graft. In the present study, we intended to compare the functional and aesthetic outcomes of these two techniques of rhinoplasty. METHODS: In a clinical trial, patients who referred to 15 Khordad Hospital for elective rhinoplasty during 2013-2014 were enrolled...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
T Wang, D Chen, P H Wang, J Chen, J Deng
We used a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model to study the inspiratory airflow profiles of patients with anterior nasal cavity stenosis who underwent curative surgery, by comparing pre- and postoperative airflow characteristics. Twenty patients with severe anterior nasal cavity stenosis, including one case of bilateral stenosis, underwent computed tomography (CT) scans for CFD modelling. The pre- and postoperative airflow characteristics of the nasal cavity were simulated and analyzed. The narrowest area of the nasal cavity in all 20 patients was located within the nasal valve area, and the mean cross-sectional area increased from 0...
August 1, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
Milos Kovacevic, Frank Riedel, Abdülkadir Göksel, Jochen Wurm
Prevention of unfavorable sequelae following humpectomy in reduction rhinoplasty by restoration of the middle nasal vault complex today has become imperative in the majority of patients with perhaps the exception of small humps. In general, the techniques used for preservation and reconstruction of these important anatomical structures can be divided into two main categories: spreader graft and spreader flap techniques. Oversimplified spreader graft techniques require donor cartilage, whereas spreader flap techniques use the excess height of the medial portion of the upper lateral cartilages in patients with a cartilaginous hump...
August 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
M Wang, S Q Wang, J Zhang, M W Li, Z M Xing, X P Yuan, H Li, Y Liu, C L Geng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of exposing Rosenmüller valve during endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) in treating refractory nasolacrimal duct obstruction. METHODS: Thirty six patients (47 eyes) with refractory nasolacrimal duct obstruction were entered into this study, including 13 patients (15 eyes) underwent nasal lacrimal duct intubation before, 18 patients (26 eyes) with small lacrimal sac, 2 patients underwent DCR before, 1 patient with functional nasal lacrimal duct obstruction, 1 patient with lacrimal mucocele, 1 patient with nasal trauma...
July 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
Altay Atespare, Zerrin Boyaci
INTRODUCTION: Persistent nasal obstruction at internal nasal valve was a common problem seen after septoplasty and submucous resection, the 2 methods used for surgical treatment for deviation of nasal septum during the first half of twentieth century. The authors performed cartilage-grafting technique and retrospectively analyzed the patients after 12 months with Nasal Obstruction and Septoplasty Effectiveness scale to emphasize persistent nasal obstruction. METHODS: In this study, 115 (65 male, 50 female) patients operated between 2008 and 2013 who underwent revision septoplasty and complaints were evaluated with Nasal Obstruction and Septoplasty Effectiveness scale...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Praveer Kumar Banerjee, Abhineet Jain, Manjunath D
INTRODUCTION: Kimura's disease is a rare chronic inflammatory disease of unknown etiology, presenting as painless subcutaneous nodules with lymphadenopathy and peripheral eosinophilia, mainly disturbing the head and neck region. It mainly affects Asian males in their 2(nd) to 4(th) decade of life. One such case of Kimura's disease, which is uncommon in Indian natives, is reported. CASE REPORT: A male patient presented with an insidious onset of a progressive painless disfiguring swelling over his nose since four years, which was associated with nasal obstruction and post aural swelling with a history of an inconclusive incisional biopsy...
May 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Soma Kita, Marie Oshima, Kazuo Shimazaki, Toshinori Iwai, Susumu Omura, Takashi Ono
PURPOSE: This study aimed to evaluate the influence of maxillary impaction orthognathic surgery on nasal respiratory function and the efficacy of bone trimming at the inferior edge of the pyriform aperture. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The participants were 10 patients (3 male and 7 female patients) with mandibular prognathism who underwent bimaxillary orthognathic surgery with maxillary impaction. The surgical procedures performed were Le Fort I osteotomy with bone trimming at the inferior edge of the pyriform aperture and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy...
June 21, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Robin W Lindsay, Ryan George, Matthew E Herberg, Paula Jackson, Scott Brietzke
Importance: Nasal obstruction is a common chief concern; however, a comprehensive standardized worksheet for evaluating nasal obstruction has not been developed. Objective: To evaluate the interrater reliability between staff surgeons and otolaryngology residents using a worksheet-based standardized nasal examination and to identify specific examination findings correlated with the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation quality-of-life score. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study conducted from June to July 2012 involved 50 adults presenting to an otolaryngology clinic at a tertiary care hospital...
July 14, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Michael P Karnell, Jerald B Moon, Kengo Nakajima, Deborah S Kacmarynski
PURPOSE: The purpose of this research was to learn the extent to which healthy individuals vary in their ability to achieve velopharyngeal closure for speech. METHOD: Twenty healthy adult volunteers (10 women, 10 men) were tested using an endoscopic phototransducer system that tracks variations in velopharyngeal closure during speech production. Each speaker produced multiple repetitions of three utterances that differed in phonetic content. The data were amplitude normalized and averaged for each speaker...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Dane M Barrett, Fernando J Casanueva, Ted A Cook
The nasal valve is an important consideration in patients presenting with nasal obstruction. Controversy exists regarding the anatomy, terminology, evaluation, and management of the nasal valve. Innumerable techniques with variable effects have been described in the literature. The evidence qualifying these techniques has been plentiful, though often lacking in quality. This article reviews the controversial aspects of nasal valve management applying the best available evidence to help clarify potential areas of confusion...
August 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery Clinics of North America
Nicole Kiyohara, Christopher Badger, Tjoson Tjoa, Brian Wong
IMPORTANCE: The internal nasal valve is the narrowest part of the nasal airway and a common site of inspiratory collapse and obstruction of nasal airflow. Over-the-counter mechanical nasal dilators are an alternative to surgical intervention that attempts to improve airflow through the internal nasal valve. OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of over-the-counter mechanical nasal dilators and classify these products by mechanism. EVIDENCE REVIEW: A database of 33 available over-the-counter mechanical nasal dilators was generated via a PubMed search as well as an internet search via Amazon...
September 1, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
Farah Dayana Zahedi, Salina Husain, Balwant Singh Gendeh
A prospective single blinded interventional study was held in Otorhinolaryngology Clinic, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia Medical Centre in August 2010 until November 2012 to evaluate the functional outcome of septorhinoplasty objectively and subjectively. Objective assessment was done using rhinomanometry and subjective assessment using Nasal Obstruction Symptoms Evaluation (NOSE) scale and Health-Related Quality of Life Questionnaires (HRQOL) in Rhino Surgery. All measurements were taken preoperatively and 3 months postoperatively...
June 2016: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Ricardo Landini Lutaif Dolci, Marcel Menon Miyake, Daniela Akemi Tateno, Natalia Amaral Cançado, Carlos Augusto Correia Campos, Américo Rubens Leite Dos Santos, Paulo Roberto Lazarini
INTRODUCTION: The large increase in the number of transnasal endoscopic skull base surgeries is a consequence of greater knowledge of the anatomic region, the development of specific materials and instruments, and especially the use of the nasoseptal flap as a barrier between the sinus tract (contaminated cavity) and the subarachnoid space (sterile area), reducing the high risk of contamination. OBJECTIVE: To assess the otorhinolaryngologic complications in patients undergoing endoscopic surgery of the skull base, in which a nasoseptal flap was used...
May 31, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
Macario Camacho, Soroush Zaghi, Victor Certal, Jose Abdullatif, Rahul Modi, Shankar Sridhara, Anthony M Tolisano, Edward T Chang, Benjamin B Cable, Robson Capasso
UNLABELLED: Objective. To evaluate the association between nasal obstruction and (1) demographic factors, (2) medical history, (3) physical tests, and (4) nasal exam findings. Study Design. CASE SERIES: Methods. Chart review at a tertiary medical center. Results. Two hundred-forty consecutive patients (52.1 ± 17.5 years old, with a Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) score of 32.0 ± 24.1) were included. Demographic factors and inferior turbinate sizes were not associated with NOSE score or Nasal Obstruction Visual Analog Scale (NO-VAS)...
2016: Plastic Surgery International
Héctor M Ramos-Zaldívar, Daniel G Martínez-Irías, Nelson A Espinoza-Moreno, José S Napky-Rajo, Tulio A Bueso-Aguilar, Karla G Reyes-Perdomo, Jimena A Montes-Gambarelli, Isis M Euceda, Aldo F Ponce-Barahona, Carlos A Gámez-Fernández, Wilberg A Moncada-Arita, Victoria A Palomo-Bermúdez, Julia E Jiménez-Faraj, Amanda G Hernández-Padilla, Denys A Olivera, Kevin J Robertson, Luis A Leiva-Sanchez, Edwin Francisco Herrera-Paz
BACKGROUND: Chromosomal region 7q21.3 comprises approximately 5.2 mega base pairs that include genes DLX5/6, SHFM1, and DYNC1I1 associated with split hand/split foot malformation 1. So far, there are reports of eight families with deletion of DYNC1I1 and preserved DLX5/6 associated with ectrodactyly. From these families, only three patients did not present ectrodactyly and, unlike our patient, no other cases have been described as having craniofacial dysmorphology, mitral valve prolapse, kyphoscoliosis, inguinal herniae, or personality disorder...
2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
M Simon, D Frings, C Wachs, S Braune, S Kluge
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2015: Intensive Care Medicine Experimental
Oded Nahlieli, Ami Zagury, Eli Michaeli, Noam Bruck, Dorit Dil Nahlieli, Nardy Casap
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to describe long-term results of the dynamic implant valve approach (DIVA) for the dental implant procedures when the implant system with internal ports was used. METHOD AND MATERIALS: During 2012 to 2015, 378 titanium-aluminum-vanadium implants (Ti6Al4V ELI; diameter 3.75 mm; length 11.5 and 13 mm) were implanted in 172 patients (one to nine implants per patient) using the DIVA technique. The DIVA implants were used in cases when sinus membrane and/or nasal floor elevation procedures were needed...
2016: Quintessence International
Ramzi Maalouf, Emilie Bequignon, Marie Devars du Mayne, Françoise Zerah-Lancner, Daniel Isabey, Andre Coste, Bruno Louis, Jean-François Papon
Nasal valve collapse is a dynamic abnormality that is currently diagnosed purely on the basis of clinical features and thus subject to certain interpretation. The aim of this study was to develop a new and reliable functional test to objectively characterize nasal valve collapse. This was an observational prospective study including consecutive patients referred to our center for exploration of chronic nasal congestion. The patients were classified into two groups according to their symptoms and clinical abnormalities: the nasal valve collapse (NV+) group when nasal valve collapse was clinically detected during moderate forced inspiration and/or when the feeling of nasal congestion improved during passive nasal lateral cartilage abduction (n = 32); and the no-nasal valve collapse (NV-) group for the others (n = 23)...
July 1, 2016: Journal of Applied Physiology
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