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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230600/nasal-valve-collapse-our-treatment-protocol
#1
Giulia Amodeo, Domenico Scopelliti
The nasal valve area is the functional area that allows airflow regulation. It could be divided in an internal area and an external one, basing on the anatomical landmarks. Many conditions can damage these areas with a consequently nasal obstruction, more often in particular extended rhinoplasty and sequels of facial trauma. To restore this area many techniques were advocated during the last decades.In this article the authors investigate on valve areas deficiency in sequel of rhinoplasty proposing a structural approach through alar batten grafts to correct internal-external nasal valves collapse...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205501/transseptal-access-with-crossing-multiple-incisions-for-improved-pedicle-control-and-septum-preservation-how-i-do-it
#2
K Omura, D Asaka, J Nayak, Y Tanaka
INTRODUCTION: Recently, the surgical management of nasal tumors has been greatly influenced by advanced endoscopic techniques. To achieve complete endoscopic resection of large obstructing nasal tumors, a sufficient corridor for adequate exposure is also required. In the Japanese language, TACMI means "master expert," and herein we describe an endoscopic technique with novel elements that we term transseptal access with crossing multiple incisions (TACMI). This approach enables a direct transseptal approach to the pedicle through tumor transposition while allowing complete septal reconstruction and stability...
February 15, 2017: American Journal of Rhinology & Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28168892/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-studies-evaluating-functional-rhinoplasty-outcomes-with-the-nose-score
#3
Elizabeth Mia Floyd, Sandra Ho, Prayag Patel, Richard M Rosenfeld, Eli Gordin
Objective To provide aggregate data regarding the ability of functional rhinoplasty to improve nasal obstruction as measured by the Nasal Obstruction Symptom Evaluation (NOSE) score. Data Sources PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane databases. Review Methods A search was performed with the terms "nasal obstruction" and "rhinoplasty." Studies were included if they evaluated the effect of functional rhinoplasty on nasal obstruction with the NOSE score. Case reports, narratives, and articles that did not use the NOSE score were excluded...
February 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153693/breathing-parameters-associated-to-two-different-external-nasal-dilator-strips-in-endurance-athletes
#4
Giancarlo Ottaviano, Andrea Ermolao, Ennio Nardello, Flavio Muci, Vittorio Favero, Marco Zaccaria, Lorenzo Favero
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to investigate and compare the effects of two different external nasal dilator strips (ENDS) on nasal respiratory flow, maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), nasal VO2max, time to exhaustion and subjective nasal obstruction in adult triathletes participating in exhaustive, controlled physical exercise tests. METHODS: Thirteen healthy triathletes without nasal symptoms were recruited and randomly tested in three different conditions: without ENDS, wearing the Breathe Right(®) dilator strip and wearing the Master-aid Roll-flex(®) strip...
January 30, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134644/management-of-rhinophyma-outcomes-study-of-the-subunit-method
#5
Aladdin H Hassanein, Raj M Vyas, Jessica Erdmann-Sager, Edward J Caterson, Julian J Pribaz
BACKGROUND: Rhinophyma causes a nasal deformity and functional airway obstruction. Partial excision (eg, tangential) with secondary healing commonly removes hypertrophic soft tissues but does not improve nasal support. The subunit method for rhinophyma uses 6 nasal flaps to provide exposure for removal of rhinophymatous tissue and enhance structure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate outcomes of subunit method. METHODS: Medical records of patients with rhinophyma treated with the subunit method between 2013 and 2016 were analyzed...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114205/two-suturing-techniques-for-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-nasal-valve-collapse-after-mohs-micrographic-surgery
#6
Anis Miladi, Joseph W McGowan, Heidi B Donnelly
BACKGROUND: Tumor extirpation of nonmelanoma skin cancer (NMSC) adjacent to the alar groove, using Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS), may risk causing internal nasal valve (INV) collapse, resulting in reduced airflow during inspiration. There are many surgical options described in the literature to repair INV collapse as a postoperative corrective procedure, but few exist as an intra-operative preventative procedure. OBJECTIVE: The authors present 2 distinct methods to prevent and treat INV collapse during the repair of a perialar surgical defect caused by MMS...
January 20, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009407/an-easy-method-for-intraoperative-confirmation-of-lacrimal-sac-patency-in-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy
#7
Fabio Pagella, Alessandro Pusateri, Elina Matti, Paolo Carena, Luis Quiroa, Elena Antoniazzi, Enzo Emanuelli
PURPOSE: Few studies have focused on the intranasal localization of the lacrimal sac during endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy: landmarks in order to find the medial wall of the lacrimal sac have been described, but there is a lack of description of methods for the verification of the complete marsupialization of the lacrimal sac during surgery. In this report, we propose an easy and effective method for certain intraoperative identification of lacrimal sac. METHODS: A method in order to verify the effective marsupialization of the lacrimal sac is applied and described: to ensure that the opening of the sac in the nasal cavity is complete, the surgeon should identify the Rosenmuller valve, which is the end of the common canaliculus in the lacrimal sac...
December 2, 2016: European Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28005655/columellar-reconstruction-after-nasal-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-associated-necrosis
#8
Jerry W Chao, Janani A Raveendran, Tina M Sauerhammer, Gary F Rogers, Albert K Oh, Michael Boyajian
Though a life-saving modality in neonatal intensive care units, nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) carries a small risk of irreversible ischemia and necrosis of the columella due to the configuration of the pressure delivery system. Iatrogenic injuries to the columella after nCPAP use result in a spectrum of disfigurement and functional airway obstruction. The authors performed a retrospective review of patients evaluated for nCPAP-related columellar deformities by the Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery at the authors' institution over a 10-year period to assess reconstructive outcomes...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893020/assessment-of-the-euroqol-5-dimension-questionnaire-for-detection-of-clinically-significant-global-health-related-quality-of-life-improvement-following-functional-septorhinoplasty
#9
Jennifer C Fuller, Patricia A Levesque, Robin W Lindsay
Importance: Nasal airway obstruction is a common presenting complaint among patients in otolaryngology practices, and its treatment necessitates critical outcomes evaluation and cost-utility analysis. Objective: To evaluate the utility and applicability of the EuroQol 5-Dimension (EQ5D) global health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) questionnaire for the assessment of clinical outcomes in functional septorhinoplasty. Design, Setting, and Participants: Prospective cohort study at a university-based tertiary medical center of patients undergoing functional septorhinoplasty for treatment of nasal obstruction...
November 23, 2016: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846021/caudal-septum-surgery-techniques-reviewed
#10
Roxana Cobo, Angie Caldas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The caudal septum has important functional and aesthetic implications. Deviations in this area can result in important nasal obstruction due not only to blockage of the nasal passage but also to compromise of the internal nasal valve. Cosmetically, alterations in the caudal septum can result in a twisted nasal tip, loss of projection, rotation, and imbalance in the ala-columellar relationship. Contemporary surgical options will be discussed showing how to preserve, reshape, and reinforce the caudal septum to obtain a final looking nose that is not only functional but also aesthetically pleasing...
February 2017: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826462/reconstruction-of-alar-nasal-cartilage-defects-using-a-tissue-engineering-technique-based-on-a-combined-use-of-autologous-chondrocyte-micrografts-and-platelet-rich-plasma-preliminary-clinical-and-instrumental-evaluation
#11
Pietro Gentile, Maria G Scioli, Alessandra Bielli, Augusto Orlandi, Valerio Cervelli
BACKGROUND: Developing cartilage constructs with injectability, appropriate matrix composition, and persistent cartilaginous phenotype remains an enduring challenge in cartilage repair. The combined use of autologous chondrocyte micrografts and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is an alternative that opens a new era in this field. METHODS: At the Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of Rome Tor Vergata, Italy, 11 patients underwent nasal alar reconstruction with chondrocyte micrografts gently poured onto PRP in solid form...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826459/reinserting-the-hump-in-primary-rhinoplasty-the-gain-is-three-fold
#12
Jannis Constantinidis, Georgios Fyrmpas
BACKGROUND: Hump reduction in aesthetic rhinoplasty destabilizes the middle vault. Secondary maneuvers are necessary to avoid the long-term functional and aesthetic sequelae of middle vault collapse. We describe a new technique of reinserting the resected hump that combines (a) placement of the modified hump between the upper laterals and (b) bridging sutures between the upper laterals. METHODS: Retrospective review of patients undergoing primary aesthetic rhinoplasty with hump resection...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806381/integrin-alpha-9-blockade-suppresses-lymphatic-valve-formation-and-promotes-transplant-survival
#13
Gyeong Jin Kang, Tan Truong, Eric Huang, Valerie Su, Shaokui Ge, Lu Chen
Purpose: The lymphatic pathway mediates transplant rejection. We recently reported that lymphatic vessels develop luminal valves in the cornea during lymphangiogenesis, and these valves express integrin alpha 9 (Itga-9) and play a critical role in directing lymph flow. In this study, we used an allogeneic corneal transplantation model to investigate whether Itga-9 blockade could suppress valvulogenesis after transplantation, and how this effect would influence the outcomes of the transplants...
November 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27633813/three-different-turbinoplasty-techniques-combined-with-septoplasty-prospective-randomized-trial
#14
Johannes A Veit, Melanie Nordmann, Britta Dietz, Fabian Sommer, Jörg Lindemann, Nicole Rotter, Jens Greve, Achim von Bomhard, Thomas K Hoffmann, Ricarda Riepl, Marc O Scheithauer
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Septal deviation and hypertrophic inferior turbinates are a frequent cause of nasal breathing disorders. The goal of this study was to prove the effectiveness and safety of three current turbinoplasty techniques. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective, three-arm, single-blinded, single-center, randomized controlled trial. METHODS: Sixty patients were randomly assigned to either anterior turbinoplasty (ATP) (n = 20), radiofrequency ablation (RFA) (n = 19; Celon Pro Breath), or novel submucous radial diode laser ablation (DLA) (n = 21; ELVeS Radial PainLess, wavelength = 1,470 nm), each in combination with standard septoplasty...
February 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27592074/managing-nasal-valve-compromise-patients-with-nasal-dilators-objective-vs-subjective-parameters
#15
G Lekakis, E Dekimpe, B Steelant, P W Hellings
INTRODUCTION: Patients suffering from nasal obstruction due to nasal valve compromise may benefit from a nasal dilator. Several devices for widening of the external/internal nasal valve region can be applied endonasally (Airmax, Nasanita, Nozovent) or externally (Breathe Right). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 100 patients suffering from nasal obstruction due to external or internal nasal valve compromise were involved in this study. All patients were evaluated for nasal obstruction with visual analogue scores (VAS) and peak nasal inspiratory flow (PNIF) measurements before and after the application of 4 nasal dilators...
December 1, 2016: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27579268/comparison-of-aesthetic-and-functional-outcomes-of-spreader-graft-and-autospreader-flap-in-rhinoplasty
#16
Seyed Esmail Hassanpour, Ataollah Heidari, Seyed Mehdi Moosavizadeh, Mohammad Reza Tarahomi, Ali Goljanian, Sanaz Tavakoli
BACKGROUND: Although the assignment and suturing of the spreader graft to the septum is a routine part of rhinoplasty, it is a time wasting procedure and some problems may occur. Rather, autospreader flap is a new method that the dorsal part of the upper lateral cartilage is used as its own graft. In the present study, we intended to compare the functional and aesthetic outcomes of these two techniques of rhinoplasty. METHODS: In a clinical trial, patients who referred to 15 Khordad Hospital for elective rhinoplasty during 2013-2014 were enrolled...
May 2016: World Journal of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27533764/investigation-on-the-nasal-airflow-characteristics-of-anterior-nasal-cavity-stenosis
#17
T Wang, D Chen, P H Wang, J Chen, J Deng
We used a computational fluid dynamics (CFD) model to study the inspiratory airflow profiles of patients with anterior nasal cavity stenosis who underwent curative surgery, by comparing pre- and postoperative airflow characteristics. Twenty patients with severe anterior nasal cavity stenosis, including one case of bilateral stenosis, underwent computed tomography (CT) scans for CFD modelling. The pre- and postoperative airflow characteristics of the nasal cavity were simulated and analyzed. The narrowest area of the nasal cavity in all 20 patients was located within the nasal valve area, and the mean cross-sectional area increased from 0...
August 1, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27494581/options-for-middle-vault-and-dorsum-restoration-after-hump-removal-in-primary-rhinoplasty
#18
Milos Kovacevic, Frank Riedel, Abdülkadir Göksel, Jochen Wurm
Prevention of unfavorable sequelae following humpectomy in reduction rhinoplasty by restoration of the middle nasal vault complex today has become imperative in the majority of patients with perhaps the exception of small humps. In general, the techniques used for preservation and reconstruction of these important anatomical structures can be divided into two main categories: spreader graft and spreader flap techniques. Oversimplified spreader graft techniques require donor cartilage, whereas spreader flap techniques use the excess height of the medial portion of the upper lateral cartilages in patients with a cartilaginous hump...
August 2016: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27480301/-rosenm%C3%A3-ller-valve-during-endoscopic-dacryocystorhinostomy-in-treating-refractory-nasolacrimal-duct-obstruction
#19
M Wang, S Q Wang, J Zhang, M W Li, Z M Xing, X P Yuan, H Li, Y Liu, C L Geng
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the efficacy of exposing Rosenmüller valve during endonasal endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (EES-DCR) in treating refractory nasolacrimal duct obstruction. METHODS: Thirty six patients (47 eyes) with refractory nasolacrimal duct obstruction were entered into this study, including 13 patients (15 eyes) underwent nasal lacrimal duct intubation before, 18 patients (26 eyes) with small lacrimal sac, 2 patients underwent DCR before, 1 patient with functional nasal lacrimal duct obstruction, 1 patient with lacrimal mucocele, 1 patient with nasal trauma...
July 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27438447/the-use-of-spreader-grafts-in-revision-septoplasty
#20
Altay Atespare, Zerrin Boyaci
INTRODUCTION: Persistent nasal obstruction at internal nasal valve was a common problem seen after septoplasty and submucous resection, the 2 methods used for surgical treatment for deviation of nasal septum during the first half of twentieth century. The authors performed cartilage-grafting technique and retrospectively analyzed the patients after 12 months with Nasal Obstruction and Septoplasty Effectiveness scale to emphasize persistent nasal obstruction. METHODS: In this study, 115 (65 male, 50 female) patients operated between 2008 and 2013 who underwent revision septoplasty and complaints were evaluated with Nasal Obstruction and Septoplasty Effectiveness scale...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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