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"Non-small cell lung cancer" AND gemcitabine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29344124/molecular-biological-characterization-and-drug-sensitivity-of-chidamide-resistant-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#1
Song'e Luo, Kai Ma, Hongxia Zhu, Shuren Wang, Mei Liu, Weina Zhang, Shufang Liang, Ningzhi Xu
Chidamide, a histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor, has been applied in clinical trials for various types of hematological and solid tumors. Although acquired resistance is common in chemotherapy, the mechanism of resistance to chidamide is poorly characterized. The goal of the present study was to explore, in detail, the mechanism for the induced resistance to chidamide, and investigate a potential cross-resistance to other chemotherapeutic drugs. A549 cells were exposed to gradually increasing chidamide concentrations to establish a chidamide-resistant non-small cell lung cancer cell line (A549-CHI-R)...
December 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332329/modified-3-week-schedule-of-gemcitabine-plus-cisplatin-for-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-treatment
#2
Antonello Veccia, Viviana Murgia, Mariachiara Dipasquale, Orazio Caffo
PURPOSE: Gemcitabine-cisplatin combination is one of the most used schedules for non small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Aiming to enhance dose intensity and reduce toxicity, the original 4-week schedule was modified or transformed into a 3-week schedule. The purpose of this study was to report the efficacy and tolerability of a modified 3-week regimen of gemcitabine-cisplatin. METHODS: Our patients were treated with gemcitabine (1000 mg7sol;m2) on days 1, 8 and cisplatin on day 8 (75-100 mg/m2)...
November 2017: Journal of B.U.ON.: Official Journal of the Balkan Union of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285119/trichosanthin-enhances-the-antitumor-effect-of-gemcitabine-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-via-inhibition-of-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#3
Naren Tuya, Yadi Wang, Lanmei Tong, Weishi Gao, Rong Yu, Liying Xue
Gemcitabine (GEMZ) is the first-line therapy used against non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and studies have focused on investigating the potential effects of agents combined with GEMZ to enhance the anticancer efficacy in NSCLC. Previous studies have reported that trichosanthin (TCS) has various physiological and pharmacological effects, including anti-human influenza virus enzymes, inhibition of protein synthesis and antitumor activity. The purpose of the present study was to investigate if TCS enhanced the antitumor effects of GEMZ in NSCLC...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29187479/predictive-significance-of-thymidylate-synthase-expression-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#4
Vlastimil Kulda, Kristyna Hrda, Zbynek Houdek, Jana Kolaja Dobra, Radana Vrzakova, Martin Svaton, Jarmil Safranek, Jan Dolezal, Vaclav Babuska, Milos Pesek, Ondrej Topolcan, Martin Pesta
BACKGROUND/AIM: To date, many studies have suggested that thymidylate synthase (TS) could be used as a prognostic and predictive marker in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients. However, results have been contradictory. The aim of this study was to evaluate TS mRNA levels in tumor tissue of NSCLC patients who underwent complete surgical resection and to analyze its prognostic and predictive potential. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study group consisted of 64 patients who underwent curative lung resection...
December 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171009/bevacizumab-in-combination-with-different-platinum-based-doublets-in-the-first-line-treatment-for-advanced-nonsquamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-a-network-meta-analysis
#5
Shen Zhao, Fangfang Gao, Yaxiong Zhang, Zhonghan Zhang, Li Zhang
Platinum-based doublet chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab is the standard treatment for untreated advanced nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (NS-NSCLC). However, adding bevacizumab to chemotherapies other than paclitaxel-carboplatin is, though widely applied clinically, largely unjustified due to the lack of head-to-head data. We performed a Bayesian network meta-analysis (NMA) to address this important issue. Data of 8548 patients from 18 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) receiving six treatments including taxane-platinum (Taxane-Pt), gemcitabine-platinum (Gem-Pt), pemetrexed-platinum (Pem-Pt), taxane-platinum + bevacizumab (Taxane-Pt+B), gemcitabine-platinum + bevacizumab (Gem-Pt+B) and pemetrexed-platinum + bevacizumab (Pem-Pt+B) were incorporated into the analyses...
November 24, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158123/efficacy-and-safety-of-necitumumab-continuation-therapy-in-the-phase-iii-squire-study-of-patients-with-stage-iv-squamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#6
Tudor Ciuleanu, Mark A Socinski, Coleman Obasaju, Alexander V Luft, Aleksandra Szczesna, Wojciech Szafrański, Rodryg Ramlau, Beatrix Bálint, Olivier Molinier, Henrik Depenbrock, Shivani Nanda, Luis Paz-Ares, Nick Thatcher
INTRODUCTION: In a retrospective analysis of the SQUamous NSCLC treatment with the Inhibitor of EGF REceptor (SQUIRE) study, we investigated the efficacy and safety of single-agent necitumumab continuation therapy in patients with stage IV squamous non-small-cell lung cancer and in a subpopulation of patients with epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-expressing tumors. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized 1:1 for ≤ 6 cycles of gemcitabine and cisplatin either with or without necitumumab...
October 13, 2017: Clinical Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151293/-clinical-analysis-of-36-cases-of-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-nsclc-with-performance-status-ps-scores-between-2-and-4
#7
Y Y Qin, D H Zhang, X Q Lin, M Ouyang, J X Zhang, Z H Xie, Y Q Liu, S Y Li, C Z Zhou
Objective: To analyze the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with performance status (PS) scores between 2 and 4, in order to improve the diagnosis and treatment of these patients. Methods: A total of 36 patients with advanced NSCLC with hypoxemia were reviewed. The clinical data of disease characteristics, etiology, complications, manifestation, therapy, progression, and secondary biopsy were collected. The clinical efficacy was graded according to the Response Evaluation Criteria In Solid Tumors (RECIST): complete response (CR), partial response (PR), stable disease (SD) and disease progression (PD)...
November 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145816/renal-failure-during-chemotherapy-renal-biopsy-for-assessing-subacute-nephrotoxicity-of-pemetrexed
#8
Maureen Assayag, Philippe Rouvier, Marion Gauthier, Ghania Costel, Philippe Cluzel, Lucile Mercadal, Gilbert Deray, Corinne Isnard Bagnis
BACKGROUND: Pemetrexed, a multitargeted antifolate cytotoxic agent, is currently used primarily in combination with cisplatin for metastatic non-small cell lung cancer and for malignant mesothelioma. Acute renal toxicity of pemetrexed has been recently described with polychemotherapy, in which the individual responsibility of each drug is difficult to establish. Only one recent report documents renal involvement in long-term exposed patients. CASE PRESENTATION: We report on a case of rapidly progressive nephropathy leading to the cessation of platinum salts and the secondary interruption of pemetrexed and bevacizumab...
November 16, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29129443/adjuvant-chemotherapy-with-or-without-bevacizumab-in-patients-with-resected-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-e1505-an-open-label-multicentre-randomised-phase-3-trial
#9
Heather A Wakelee, Suzanne E Dahlberg, Steven M Keller, William J Tester, David R Gandara, Stephen L Graziano, Alex A Adjei, Natasha B Leighl, Seena C Aisner, Jan M Rothman, Jyoti D Patel, Mark D Sborov, Sean R McDermott, Roman Perez-Soler, Anne M Traynor, Charles Butts, Tracey Evans, Atif Shafqat, Andrew E Chapman, Samer S Kasbari, Leora Horn, Suresh S Ramalingam, Joan H Schiller
BACKGROUND: Adjuvant chemotherapy for resected early-stage non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) provides a modest survival benefit. Bevacizumab, a monoclonal antibody directed against VEGF, improves outcomes when added to platinum-based chemotherapy in advanced-stage non-squamous NSCLC. We aimed to evaluate the addition of bevacizumab to adjuvant chemotherapy in early-stage resected NSCLC. METHODS: We did an open-label, randomised, phase 3 trial of adult patients (aged ≥18 years) with an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status of 0 or 1 and who had completely resected stage IB (≥4 cm) to IIIA (defined by the American Joint Committee on Cancer 6th edition) NSCLC...
November 9, 2017: Lancet Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124327/a-phase-ii-study-of-biweekly-gemcitabine-and-carboplatin-in-completely-resected-stage-ib-iiia-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#10
Reiko Sakurai, Yoshio Tomizawa, Akihiro Yoshii, Yosuke Miura, Hiroaki Tsurumaki, Kyoichi Kaira, Noriaki Sunaga, Osamu Kawashima, Takeshi Hisada, Masanobu Yamada, Ryusei Saito
PURPOSE: We conducted a prospective study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of biweekly gemcitabine and carboplatin combination treatment in patients with resected non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). METHODS: Patients with completely resected stage IB to IIIA NSCLC were treated with four cycles of gemcitabine (1000 mg/m(2), days 1 and 15) plus carboplatin [area under the time-concentration curve (AUC) 5 mg/mL/min, day 1] every 4 weeks as adjuvant chemotherapy...
November 9, 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089791/comparative-effectiveness-and-safety-of-nab-paclitaxel-plus-carboplatin-vs-gemcitabine-plus-carboplatin-in-first-line-treatment-of-advanced-squamous-cell-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-a-us-community-oncology-setting
#11
Raja Mudad, Manish B Patel, Sandra Margunato-Debay, David Garofalo, Lincy S Lal
INTRODUCTION: Real-world comparative effectiveness, safety, and supportive care use of nab-paclitaxel plus carboplatin vs gemcitabine plus platinum were analyzed in patients with advanced or metastatic squamous cell non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients who received ≥ 1 cycle of first-line nab-paclitaxel plus carboplatin or gemcitabine plus platinum were identified from the Navigating Cancer database. Clinical effectiveness endpoints included overall survival (OS) and time to treatment discontinuation (TTD)...
2017: Lung Cancer: Targets and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030633/the-best-platinum-regimens-for-chemo-naive-incurable-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-network-meta-analysis
#12
Nobuyuki Horita, Akimichi Nagashima, Kentaro Nakashima, Yuji Shibata, Kentaro Ito, Atsushi Goto, Takeharu Yamanaka, Takeshi Kaneko
Platinum regimens still play a key role in chemotherapy for incurable non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Although guidelines list many platina regimens, the best regimens have not yet clarified. Electronic searches were carried out during November 26th-28th, 2016. We included individually randomized trials comparing two or more platinum regimes for incurable chemo-naive NSCLC published in English full papers. The platinum doublets should be either Cisplatin (CDDP), Carboplatin (CBDCA), or Nedaplatin (CDGP) plus one of the third-generation agents...
October 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977948/meta-analysis-comparing-the-efficacy-of-nedaplatin-based-regimens-between-squamous-cell-and-non-squamous-cell-lung-cancers
#13
Yijun Tian, Qian Liu, Kongju Wu, Qian Chu, Yuan Chen, Kongming Wu
Non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) consists of several subtypes, including adenocarcinoma, squamous cell lung cancer, large cell lung cancer, and other rarer types. Platinum-based regimens are currently the standard for treatment of advanced NSCLC. Nedaplatin is reportedly associated with a high response rate in squamous cell lung cancer. However, the relevant studies are small and mainly descriptive. The purpose of this meta-analysis was therefore to compare the efficacy of nedaplatin in squamous cell lung cancer with that in non-squamous cell lung cancer...
September 22, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962123/whole-genome-gene-expression-changes-and-hematological-effects-of-rikkunshito-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-receiving-first-line-chemotherapy
#14
Yung-Che Chen, An-Shen Lin, Yu-Chiang Hung, Kuang-Den Chen, Ching-Yuan Wu, Chien-Hao Lie, Chang-Chun Hsiao, Chung-Jen Chen, Shih-Feng Liu, Wen-Feng Fang, Jen-Chieh Chang, Ting-Ya Wang, Yi-Hsi Wang, Yu-Hsiu Chung, Tung-Ying Chao, Sum-Yee Leung, Mao-Chang Su, Meng-Chih Lin
It has been demonstrated that the traditional Chinese medicine rikkunshito, ameliorates anorexia in several types of human cancer and attenuates lung injury by inhibiting neutrophil infiltration. The current study investigated the clinical and hematological effects of rikkunshito and its underlying mechanisms of action in the treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The Illumina microarray BeadChip was used to analyze the whole-genome expression profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells in 17 patients with advanced NSCLC...
September 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950288/select-3-a-phase-i-study-of-selumetinib-in-combination-with-platinum-doublet-chemotherapy-for-advanced-nsclc-in-the-first-line-setting
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Alastair Greystoke, Nicola Steele, Hendrik-Tobias Arkenau, Fiona Blackhall, Noor Md Haris, Colin R Lindsay, Raffaele Califano, Mark Voskoboynik, Yvonne Summers, Karen So, Dana Ghiorghiu, Angela W Dymond, Stuart Hossack, Ruth Plummer, Emma Dean
BACKGROUND: We investigated selumetinib (AZD6244, ARRY-142886), an oral, potent, and highly selective, allosteric MEK1/2 inhibitor, plus platinum-doublet chemotherapy for patients with advanced/metastatic non-small cell lung cancer. METHODS: In this Phase I, open-label study (NCT01809210), treatment-naïve patients received selumetinib (50, 75, 100 mg BID PO) plus standard doses of gemcitabine or pemetrexed plus cisplatin or carboplatin. Primary objectives were safety, tolerability, and determination of recommended Phase II doses...
September 26, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927112/non-small-cell-lung-cancer-pc-9-cells-exhibit-increased-sensitivity-to-gemcitabine-and-vinorelbine-upon-acquiring-resistance-to-egfr-tyrosine-kinase-inhibitors
#16
Junko Hamamoto, Hiroyuki Yasuda, Kaito Aizawa, Makoto Nishino, Shigenari Nukaga, Toshiyuki Hirano, Ichiro Kawada, Katsuhiko Naoki, Tomoko Betsuyaku, Kenzo Soejima
Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitors (EGFR-TKIs) are widely used for the treatment of non-small cell lung cancers (NSCLCs) harboring EGFR-activating mutations. However, lung cancer cells inevitably acquire resistance to these EGFR-TKIs. The majority of patients whose lung cancer acquires resistance to EGFR-TKIs are subjected to treatment using cytotoxic agents. The present study aimed to determine if lung cancer cells acquiring resistance to EGFR-TKIs also develop altered sensitivity to cytotoxic agents...
September 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919713/layer-by-layer-nanoparticles-co-loading-gemcitabine-and-platinum-iv-prodrugs-for-synergistic-combination-therapy-of-lung-cancer
#17
Rongrong Zhang, Yun Ru, Yiping Gao, Jinyin Li, Shilong Mao
PURPOSE: Cisplatin plus gemcitabine (GEM) is a standard regimen for the first-line treatment of advanced non-small cell lung cancer. The aim of this study was to prepare biocompatible and biodegradable polymeric prodrugs and construct nanoparticles (NPs) with layer-by-layer (LbL) technique. METHODS: Platinum (Pt) (IV) complex with a carboxyl group was conjugated to the amino group of chitosan (CH), resulting in a CH-Pt conjugation with positive charge. GEM with amino group was conjugated to the carboxyl group of hyaluronic acid (HA), resulting in a HA-GEM conjugation with negative charge...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911085/a-randomized-open-label-multicenter-phase-3-study-to-compare-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-eribulin-to-treatment-of-physician-s-choice-in-patients-with-advanced-non-small-cell-lung-cancer
#18
N Katakami, E Felip, D R Spigel, J-H Kim, M Olivo, M Guo, H Nokihara, J C-H Yang, N Iannotti, M Satouchi, F Barlesi
Background: Eribulin is a microtubule dynamics inhibitor with a novel mechanism of action. This phase 3 study aimed to compare overall survival (OS) in patients with heavily pretreated non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) receiving eribulin to treatment of physician's choice (TPC). Patients and methods: Patients with advanced NSCLC who had received ≥2 prior therapies, including platinum-based doublet and epidermal growth factor receptor tyrosine kinase inhibitor, were randomly assigned to receive eribulin or TPC (gemcitabine, pemetrexed, vinorelbine, docetaxel)...
September 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28860832/a-cost-effectiveness-analysis-of-first-line-induction-and-maintenance-treatment-sequences-in-patients-with-advanced-nonsquamous-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-in-france
#19
Kaisa Taipale, Katherine B Winfree, Mark Boye, Mickael Basson, Ghassan Sleilaty, James Eaton, Rachel Evans, Christos Chouaid
BACKGROUND: Comparative effectiveness and cost-effectiveness data for induction-maintenance (I-M) sequences for the treatment of patients with nonsquamous non-small-cell lung cancer (nsqNSCLC) are limited because of a lack of direct evidence. This analysis aimed to compare the cost-effectiveness of I-M pemetrexed with those of other I-M regimens used for the treatment of patients with advanced nsqNSCLC in the French health-care setting. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A previously developed global partitioned survival model was adapted to the France-only setting by restricting treatment sequences to include 12 I-M regimens most relevant to France, and incorporating French costs and resource-use data...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28845737/biodistribution-study-of-99m-tc-gemcitabine-loaded-spherulites-in-sprague-dawley-rats-by-gamma-scintigraphy-to-investigate-its-lung-targeting-potential
#20
Rahul Dhande, Amit Tyagi, Rakesh Kumar Sharma, Hetal Thakkar
Gemcitabine hydrochloride (GCH) is drug of choice for treatment of non-small cell lung cancer. This project aims to formulate GCH-loaded spherulites for lung targeting using soyabean phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol (Chol) and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine-N-[amino(polyethylene glycol)-2000]. Vesicles were characterised for size, entrapment efficiency, drug release and in vitro cytotoxicity. Radiolabelling of GCH was done using reduced technetium-99 m to study biodistribution in Sprague-Dawley rats...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Microencapsulation
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