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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915643/predictors-of-hospital-stay-in-normotensive-acute-pulmonary-embolism-a-retrospective-pilot-study
#1
Osama Mukhtar, Oday Alhafidh, Mazin Khalid, Jaspreet Kaler, Ebad Rahman, Binav Shrestha, Manal Bakhiet, Sumit Dahal, Bikash Bhattarai, Praveen Datar, Omar Abdulfattah, Vijay Gayam, Joseph Quist, Danilo Enriquez, Frances Schmidt
Introduction : The aim of our study is to determine the clinical, biochemical, and imaging factors that affect the duration of hospital stay in patients admitted with normotensive acute pulmonary embolism. Methods : This was a single-center retrospective study conducted in a community hospital in New York metropolitan area for patients admitted from October 2015 to October 2017. Results : A total of 79 patients were included, the mean age was 55.76 ( SD  = 17.33), 29 cases were males (37%) and 50 cases were females (63%)...
2018: Journal of Community Hospital Internal Medicine Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29850139/early-surgical-treatment-in-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-and-thrombus-in-transit
#2
Francisco Galeano-Valle, Pablo Demelo-Rodríguez, Irene García-Fernández-Bravo, Hugo Rodríguez-Abella, Ángela Irabien-Ortiz, Ramón Fortuny-Ribas, Jorge Del Toro-Cervera
Background: Floating right heart thrombi (RHT) are in transit from the legs to the pulmonary arteries and thus are a severe form of venous thromboembolism (VTE), with a high early mortality rate without treatment. There is a lack of evidence-based recommendations for its management. The objective of this study is to describe our experience in the surgical management of thrombus-in-transit and pulmonary embolism (PE) in a tertiary hospital. Methods: We recruited four patients with thrombus-in-transit and PE treated with early surgical embolectomy and anticoagulation...
April 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29802501/impacts-of-cooling-intervention-on-the-heat-strain-attenuation-of-construction-workers
#3
Yijie Zhao, Wen Yi, Albert P C Chan, Del P Wong
This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness and practicality of a cooling intervention with a newly designed cooling vest on heat strain attenuation in the construction industry. Fourteen construction workers volunteered to participate in the field study. Each participant took part in two trials, i.e., cooling and control. Construction work included morning and afternoon sessions. Cooling intervention was implemented for 15 and 30 min during the morning and afternoon rest periods, respectively, between repeated bouts of work...
May 25, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29778034/early-discharge-of-patients-with-pulmonary-embolism-in-daily-clinical-practice-a-prospective-observational-study-comparing-clinical-gestalt-and-clinical-rules
#4
Simone Vanni, Cecilia Becattini, Peiman Nazerian, Carlo Bova, Valerio Teodoro Stefanone, Ludovica Anna Cimini, Gabriele Viviani, Cosimo Caviglioli, Michela Sanna, Giuseppe Pepe, Stefano Grifoni
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the efficiency and safety of clinicians' gestalt in the identification of patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) candidates for early discharge and to compare the efficiency and safety of clinical gestalt with that of the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), the simplified PESI (sPESI) and the Hestia criteria (HC). METHODS: Consecutive adult patients presenting to the emergency department of four Italian hospitals with confirmed diagnosis of PE were included...
May 8, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756134/synchronized-pressing-fabrication-of-cost-efficient-crystalline-perovskite-solar-cells-via-intermediate-engineering
#5
Yongchao Ma, Jihoon Lee, Yanliang Liu, Pesi Mwitumwa Hangoma, Woon Ik Park, Jae-Hong Lim, Yun Kyung Jung, Jung Hyun Jeong, Sung Heum Park, Kwangho Kim
A cost-effective fabrication method that can produce a remarkable enhancement in the device efficiency along with a reduction in the fabrication cost is one of the crucial requirements for the commercialization of perovskite-based solar cells. Here, we report a low-cost, printable, and highly effective synchronized-pressing annealing (SPA) method for inverted planar perovskite solar cells. In this method, two films are combined face-to-face for annealing, and separated as in a roll-to-roll process. Consequently, the SPA method provides two homogeneous highly crystalline MAPbI3 films with monolithic millimeter-scale crystalline grains by intermediate-induced crystallization engineering...
May 14, 2018: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745451/electronic-cardiac-arrest-triage-score-best-predicts-mortality-after-intervention-in-patients-with-massive-and-submassive-pulmonary-embolism
#6
Taishi Hirai, Steven Tate, Kathryn Dryer, Deshon Jones, Jonathan Rosenberg, Sandeep Nathan, Atman P Shah, Kyle Carey, Matthew Churpek, Dana Edelson, Janet Friant, Jonathan Paul, John E A Blair
OBJECTIVE: To determine if the cardiac arrest triage (CART) Score would better predict poor outcomes after pharmacomechanical therapy (PMT) for massive and submassive pulmonary embolism (PE) than traditional risk scores BACKGROUND: PMT for massive and submassive PE allows for clot lysis with minimal doses of fibrinolytics. Although PMT results in improved right ventricular function, and reduced pulmonary pressures and thrombus burden, predictors of poor outcome are not well-studied. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective analysis of all patients who underwent PMT for massive or submassive PE at a single institution from 2010 to 2016...
May 10, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733493/prediction-of-short-term-prognosis-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-pulmonary-embolism-validation-of-the-riete-score
#7
E Jaquet, T Tritschler, O Stalder, A Limacher, M Méan, N Rodondi, D Aujesky
INTRODUCTION: The RIETE score was derived to identify patients with pulmonary embolism (PE) at low risk of overall complications. OBJECTIVE: To externally validated the RIETE score and compared its prognostic performance to the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI), its simplified version (sPESI), and the Geneva Prognostic Score (GPS). METHODS: In a prospective multicenter cohort, we studied 687 elderly patients with acute PE. The primary outcome was 10-day overall complications (death, recurrent PE, or major bleeding), the secondary outcome was 30-day overall mortality...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Haemostasis: JTH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707339/effect-of-low-molecular-weight-heparin-on-venous-thromboembolism-disease-in-thoracotomy-patients-with-cancer
#8
Jun Dong, Jia Wang, Yuan Feng, Li-Ping Qi, Hua Fang, Guo-Dong Wang, Zhou-Qiao Wu, Hong-Zhi Wang, Yue Yang, Qing Li
Background: Much attention has been given to venous thromboembolism (VTE) disease, and many guidelines for prophylaxis have been published. However, there are few published data on patients who underwent thoracotomy. This study is to compare the effect of low molecular weight heparin (LMWH) combined mechanical approaches with mechanical approaches alone in prevention of VTE in the post thoracotomy cancer patients. Methods: This study used a prospective, randomized-controlled design...
March 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694453/cardiac-troponins-in-low-risk-pulmonary-embolism-patients-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Omar S Darwish, Abdullah Mahayni, Mukti Patel, Alpesh Amin
BACKGROUND: Patients with low-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) should be considered as per current scoring systems for ambulatory treatment. However, there is uncertainty whether patients with low scores and positive troponins should require hospitalization. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, SCOPUS, and Cochrane Library databases from inception to December 2016 and collected longitudinal studies that evaluated the prognostic value of troponins in patients with low-risk PE...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669397/direct-detection-of-the-psychoactive-substance-mt-45-in-human-tissue-samples-by-probe-electrospray-ionization-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#10
Kiyotaka Usui, Tasuku Murata, Yuji Fujita, Yoshito Kamijo, Tomoki Hanazawa, Tomohiro Yoshizawa, Masato Funayama
Analyses of drugs and poisons in tissue samples are essential in forensic toxicology and pharmacology. However, current procedures for tissue analysis are laborious and time-consuming. Therefore, we assessed the utility of a newly devised probe electrospray ionization (PESI) technique with tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for easy, ultra-rapid drug detection in human tissue samples. Using this system, typical pretreatment procedures, such as solid-phase extraction, liquid-liquid extraction, deproteinization, or homogenization, can be avoided...
April 18, 2018: Drug Testing and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29622996/clinical-profile-management-and-outcome-of-pulmonary-embolism-in-shahid-gangalal-national-heart-centre-kathmandu-nepal
#11
Chandra Mani Adhikari, K C Bishal, Sobita Khadka
Background and aims: Pulmonary embolism (PE) is associated with a significant mortality and morbidity. We aim to study clinical profile, management and outcome of PE at Shahid Gangalal National heart Centre, Kathmandu, Nepal. Methods: It was a retrprospective, single centre study, conducted from January 2015 to December 2016. Haemodynamics was used for risk Simplified, PESI score, predisposing factors, symptoms, clinical features at the time of admission, ECG features, echocardiogram, treatment received and the outcome were reviewed...
March 2018: The Egyptian heart journal: (EHJ): official bulletin of the Egyptian Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577524/pulmonary-infarction-secondary-to-pulmonary-embolism-an-evolving-paradigm
#12
Marjan Islam, Jason Filopei, Matthew Frank, Navitha Ramesh, Stacey Verzosa, Madeline Ehrlich, Eric Bondarsky, Albert Miller, David Steiger
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Pulmonary infarction (PI) from pulmonary embolism (PE) remains an entity of unclear aetiology. PI has been thought to occur in elderly patients with cardiopulmonary disease. We hypothesize younger patients without cardiopulmonary comorbidities are at highest risk. Our study aims to characterize PI clinically and radiographically, determine associated risk factors and determine their clinical significance. METHODS: We conducted a single-centre retrospective review of 367 consecutive patients with PE...
March 25, 2018: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561303/effect-of-a-complementary-integrative-medicine-treatment-program-on-taxane-induced-peripheral-neuropathy-a-brief-report
#13
Eran Ben-Arye, Yaron River, Yael Keshet, Ofer Lavie, Pesi Israeli, Noah Samuels
OBJECTIVE: Peripheral neuropathy is a common complication of cancer treatment impairing quality of life and function. This study explored the impact of a complementary and integrative medicine (CIM) program on taxane-induced peripheral neuropathy (TIPN). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Taxane-treated female patients with breast and gynecological cancer reporting TIPN-related symptoms were referred to an integrative physician, followed by patient-tailored CIM treatments (acupuncture with/without other modalities)...
June 2018: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29519127/in-vivo-real-time-monitoring-system-using-probe-electrospray-ionization-tandem-mass-spectrometry-for-metabolites-in-mouse-brain
#14
Kei Zaitsu, Yumi Hayashi, Tasuku Murata, Kazumi Yokota, Tomomi Ohara, Maiko Kusano, Hitoshi Tsuchihashi, Tetsuya Ishikawa, Akira Ishii, Koretsugu Ogata, Hiroshi Tanihata
Recent improvements in ambient ionization techniques combined with mass spectrometry has enabled to achieve real-time monitoring of analytes of interest, even for biogenic molecules in living animals. Here, we demonstrate a newly developed system for in vivo real-time monitoring of metabolites in a living mouse brain. It consists of a semiautomated manipulation system and a unique probe electrospray ionization unit, which uses an extremely thin solid needle (tip dia.: 700 nm) for direct sampling and ionization, coupled to a conventional tandem mass spectrometer...
April 3, 2018: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414454/recognition-of-unprovoked-idiopathic-pulmonary-embolism-prospective-observational-study
#15
Natalia Stoeva, Galina Kirova, Milena Staneva, Diana Lekova, Anton Penev, Rumiana Bakalova
BACKGROUND: The assessment of the clinical symptoms is the weakest link of the pulmonary embolism (PE) diagnostic algorithm. Despite the presence of highly sensitive and specific imaging methods, verifying PE remains difficult due to nonspecific clinical symptoms and frequently its subclinical course. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to improve the recognition of PE by investigating the clinical presentation and short-term prognosis of unprovoked PE in comparison to provoked PE...
February 2018: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29410163/management-of-low-risk-pulmonary-embolism-patients-without-hospitalization-the-low-risk-pulmonary-embolism-prospective-management-study
#16
Joseph R Bledsoe, Scott C Woller, Scott M Stevens, Valerie Aston, Rich Patten, Todd Allen, Benjamin D Horne, Lydia Dong, James Lloyd, Greg Snow, Troy Madsen, C Gregory Elliott
BACKGROUND: The efficacy and safety of managing patients with low-risk pulmonary embolism (PE) without hospitalization requires objective data from US medical centers. We sought to determine the 90-day composite rate of recurrent symptomatic VTE, major bleeding events, and all-cause mortality among consecutive patients diagnosed with acute low-risk PE managed without inpatient hospitalization; and to measure patient satisfaction. METHODS: We performed a prospective cohort single-arm management study conducted from January 2013 to October 2016 in five EDs...
February 2, 2018: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29397637/pringle-maneuver-in-robotic-liver-surgery-preliminary-study
#17
Benedetta Pesi, Luca Moraldi, Ilenia Bartolini, Federica Tofani, Francesco Guerra, Mario Annecchiarico, Andrea Coratti
BACKGROUND: Liver resection may be complicated by unpredictable intraoperative bleeding. Pringle's maneuver was the first attempt to control bleeding,but the main problem is the duration of ischemia. Robotic surgery thanks to the magnified view,three-dimensional visualization associated and fine movement allow to perform good parenchymal dissection and identification of vascular structure. Aim of study is to evaluate blood loss and the need to perform Pringle maneuver in patients underwent robotic liver resection...
February 1, 2018: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392221/differences-in-opioid-prescribing-in-low-back-pain-patients-with-and-without-depression-a-cross-sectional-study-of-a-national-sample-from-the-united-states
#18
Joyce A Smith, Robert L Fuino, Irena Pesis-Katz, Xueya Cai, Bethel Powers, Maria Frazer, John D Markman
Introduction: Low back pain (LBP) is among the leading indications for the prescription of opioid analgesics in clinical practice. There is increasing evidence suggesting that these agents may have diminished efficacy in the treatment of LBP. Objectives: We evaluated the relationship between depression, the probability of receiving an opioid prescription, and the amount of morphine equivalent amounts prescribed per year among patients with LBP using nationwide data...
July 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29387419/predicting-contrast-induced-nephropathy-after-ct-pulmonary-angiography-in-the-critically-ill-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#19
Kwok M Ho, Yusrah Harahsheh
Background: It is uncertain whether we can predict contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) after CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA). This study compared the ability of a validated CIN prediction score with the Pulmonary Embolism Severity Index (PESI) in predicting CIN after CTPA. Methods: This cohort study involved critically ill adult patients who required a CTPA to exclude acute pulmonary embolism (PE). Patients with end-stage renal failure requiring dialysis were excluded...
2018: Journal of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366465/molecular-epidemiology-of-the-endemic-multiresistance-plasmid-psi54-04-of-salmonella-infantis-in-broiler-and-human-population-in-hungary
#20
Ama Szmolka, Móni Szabó, János Kiss, Judit Pászti, Erzsébet Adrián, Ferenc Olasz, Béla Nagy
Salmonella Infantis (SI) became endemic in Hungary where the PFGE cluster B, characterized by a large multiresistance (MDR) plasmid emerged among broilers leading to an increased occurrence in humans. We hypothesized that this plasmid (pSI54/04) assisted dissemination of SI. Indeed, Nal-Sul-Tet phenotypes carrying pSI54/04 occurred increasingly between 2011 and 2013 among SI isolates from broilers and humans. Characterization of pSI54/04 based on genome sequence data of the MDR strain SI54/04 indicated a size of ∼277 kb and a high sequence similarity with the megaplasmid pESI of SI predominant in Israel...
May 2018: Food Microbiology
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