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Flushing in adults

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895950/endobronchial-carcinoid-and-concurrent-carcinoid-syndrome-in-an-adolescent-female
#1
Jonathan D Cogen, Jonathan Swanson, Thida Ong
Endobronchial carcinoid tumors are the most common intrabronchial tumors in children and adolescents. Common signs and symptoms include persistent cough and wheezing not responsive to bronchodilators, hemoptysis, and recurrent fever. Diagnosis is frequently made by imaging and direct visualization with flexible bronchoscopy; surgery remains the gold standard treatment, and lung-sparing resections should be performed whenever possible. Though carcinoid syndrome-characterized by flushing, palpitations, wheezing, shortness of breath, and diarrhea-has been found in association with adult bronchial carcinoid tumors, to our knowledge only one previous study has reported the presence of carcinoid syndrome in a pediatric patient with an endobronchial carcinoid...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879644/efficacy-of-topical-application-leaf-residue-or-soil-drench-of-blastospores-of-isaria-fumosorosea-for-citrus-root-weevil-management-laboratory-and-greenhouse-investigations
#2
Pasco B Avery, Wayne B Hunter, David G Hall, Mark A Jackson, Charles A Powell
The efficacy of topical, leaf residue, and soil drench applications with Isaria fumosorosea blastospores (Ifr strain 3581) was assessed for the management of the citrus root weevil, Diaprepes abbreviatus (L.). Blastospores of Ifr were applied topically at a rate of 10⁷ blastospores mL(-1) on both the larvae and adults, and each insect stage was incubated in rearing cups with artificial diet at 25 °C, either in the dark or in a growth chamber under a 16 h photophase for 2 weeks, respectively. Percent larval and adult mortality due to the infection of Ifr was assessed after 14 days as compared to untreated controls...
November 22, 2016: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872607/disparate-changes-in-plasma-and-brainstem-cytokine-levels-in-adult-and-ageing-rats-associated-with-age-related-changes-in-facial-motor-neuron-number-snout-muscle-morphology-and-exploratory-behavior
#3
Viythia Katharesan, Martin David Lewis, Robert Vink, Ian Paul Johnson
An overall increase in inflammatory cytokines with age in both the blood and the central nervous system (CNS) has been proposed to explain many aspects of ageing, including decreased motor function and neurodegeneration. This study tests the hypothesis that age-related increases in inflammatory cytokines in the blood and CNS lead to facial motor neuron degeneration. Groups of 3-5 female Sprague-Dawley rats aged 3, 12-18, and 24 months were used. Twelve cytokines interleukin (IL)-1α, IL-β, IL-2, IL-4, IL-5, IL-6, IL-10, IL-12p70, IL-13, tumor necrosis factor-α (TNFα), interferon-γ, and granulocyte macrophage-colony stimulating factor were measured in blood plasma and compared with those in the brainstem after first flushing blood from its vessels...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843666/recurring-facial-erythema-in-an-infant
#4
Sam Hassan, Mary Jacqueline Saviour
Causes of facial rashes and erythema in infants are many but rarely only happen during feeding times which are commonly and sometimes wrongly attributed to food allergy. There is a rare condition called Auriculotemporal nerve syndrome that is characterized by recurrent episodes of gustatory facial flushing and sweating along the cutaneous distribution of Auriculotemporal nerve: the so-called Frey syndrome. This condition is most frequently observed in adults usually after parotid surgery. It is rare in children and is mostly attributed to forceps assisted delivery...
2016: Case Reports in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784319/estrogenic-and-cytotoxic-potentials-of-compounds-isolated-from-millettia-macrophylla-benth-fabaceae-towards-a-better-understanding-of-its-underlying-mechanisms
#5
Stéphane Zingue, Job Tchoumtchoua, Dieudonnée Mireille Ntsa, Louis Pergaud Sandjo, Julia Cisilotto, Chantal Beatrice Magne Nde, Evelyn Winter, Charline Florence Awounfack, Derek Tantoh Ndinteh, Colin Clyne, Dieudonné Njamen, Maria Halabalaki, Tânia Beatriz Creczynski-Pasa
BACKGROUND: Millettia macrophylla was previously reported to have estrogenic effects and to prevent postmenopausal osteoporosis in Wistar rats. So, the study deals with the identification of its secondary metabolites and the evaluation of their estrogenicity and cytotoxicity toward tumoural cells. Thus, 13 known compounds were obtained from successive chromatographic columns and identified by NMR data compared to those previously reported. METHODS: In vitro estrogenicity of the isolates and the phenolic fraction (PF) of M...
October 26, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770771/evaluation-of-efficacy-safety-and-tolerability-of-ambrisentan-in-chinese-adults-with-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-a-prospective-open-label-cohort-study
#6
Y Huo, Z C Jing, X F Zeng, J M Liu, Z X Yu, G C Zhang, Y Li, Y Wang, Q S Ji, P Zhu, B X Wu, Y Zheng, P P Wang, J Li
BACKGROUND: Although several new drugs have been approved in recent years, pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) remains a rapidly progressive disease with a poor prognosis. Ambrisentan, a selective endothelin type A antagonist, has been approved for treatment of PAH. This open label study assessed the efficacy and safety of ambrisentan in Chinese subjects with PAH. METHODS: Eligible patients with PAH (World Health Organisation [WHO] functional class [FC] II orIII) were enrolled and received Ambrisentan (5 mg) once daily for a 12-week preliminary evaluation period, and a 12-week dose-adjustment period (dose titration to 10 mgallowed)...
October 22, 2016: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27664206/assessment-of-one-step-versus-sequential-embryo-culture-conditions-through-embryonic-genome-methylation-and-hydroxymethylation-changes
#7
J Salvaing, N Peynot, M N Bedhane, S Veniel, E Pellier, C Boulesteix, N Beaujean, N Daniel, V Duranthon
STUDY QUESTION: In comparison to in vivo development, how do different conditions of in vitro culture ('one step' versus 'sequential medium') impact DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation in preimplantation embryos? SUMMARY ANSWER: Using rabbit as a model, we show that DNA methylation and hydroxymethylation are both affected by in vitro culture of preimplantation embryos and the effect observed depends on the culture medium used. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Correct regulation of DNA methylation is essential for embryonic development and DNA hydroxymethylation appears more and more to be a key player...
November 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27648381/solitary-mastocytoma-presenting-in-an-adult-report-and-literature-review-of-adult-onset-solitary-cutaneous-mastocytoma-with-recommendations-for-evaluation-and-treatment
#8
REVIEW
Philip R Cohen
BACKGROUND: Mastocytosis is either cutaneous (with skin-limited proliferation of mast cells) or systemic (with mast cells in extracutaneous sites). The onset of solitary mastocytoma in an adult is rare. PURPOSE: A woman with the new onset of solitary mastocytoma is described. The clinical features of patients with adult-onset solitary mastocytoma are summarized. Recommendations for the evaluation and treatment of individuals with adult-onset solitary mastocytoma are proposed...
July 2016: Dermatology Practical & Conceptual
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618521/antidepressants-and-benzodiazepines-for-panic-disorder-in-adults
#9
Irene Bighelli, Carlotta Trespidi, Mariasole Castellazzi, Andrea Cipriani, Toshi A Furukawa, Francesca Girlanda, Giuseppe Guaiana, Markus Koesters, Corrado Barbui
BACKGROUND: A panic attack is a discrete period of fear or anxiety that has a rapid onset, reaches a peak within 10 minutes and in which at least four of 13 characteristic symptoms are experienced, including racing heart, chest pain, sweating, shaking, dizziness, flushing, stomach churning, faintness and breathlessness. Panic disorder is common in the general population with a lifetime prevalence of 1% to 4%. The treatment of panic disorder includes psychological and pharmacological interventions...
September 12, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27604188/the-real-world-patient-experience-of-fingolimod-and-dimethyl-fumarate-for-multiple-sclerosis
#10
Paul Wicks, Lawrence Rasouliyan, Bo Katic, Beenish Nafees, Emuella Flood, Rahul Sasané
BACKGROUND: Oral disease-modifying therapies offer equivalent or superior efficacy and greater convenience versus injectable options. OBJECTIVES: To compare patient-reported experiences of fingolimod and dimethyl fumarate. METHODS: Adult relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis patients treated with fingolimod or dimethyl fumarate were recruited from an online patient community and completed an online survey about treatment side effects, discontinuation, and satisfaction...
2016: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27534985/endovascular-ischemic-stroke-models-of-adult-rhesus-monkeys-a-comparison-of-two-endovascular-methods
#11
Di Wu, Jian Chen, Bincheng Wang, Mo Zhang, Jingfei Shi, Yanhui Ma, Zixin Zhu, Feng Yan, Xiaoduo He, Shengli Li, David Dornbos Iii, Yuchuan Ding, Xunming Ji
To further investigate and improve upon current stroke models in nonhuman primates, infarct size, neurologic function and survival were evaluated in two endovascular ischemic models in sixteen rhesus monkeys. The first method utilized a micro-catheter or an inflatable balloon to occlude the M1 segment in six monkeys. In the second model, an autologous clot was injected via a micro-catheter into the M1 segment in ten monkeys. MRI scanning was performed on all monkeys both at baseline and 3 hours after the onset of ischemia...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27516141/evidence-based-criteria-for-the-choice-and-the-clinical-use-of-the-most-appropriate-lock-solutions-for-central-venous-catheters-excluding-dialysis-catheters-a-gavecelt-consensus
#12
Mauro Pittiruti, Sergio Bertoglio, Giancarlo Scoppettuolo, Roberto Biffi, Massimo Lamperti, Alberto Dal Molin, Nicola Panocchia, Nicola Petrosillo, Mario Venditti, Carla Rigo, Enrico DeLutio
BACKGROUND: The most appropriate lock solution for central venous access devices is still to be defined. GAVeCeLT - the Italian group for venous access devices - has developed a consensus on the evidence-based criteria for the choice and the clinical use of the most appropriate lock solution for central venous catheters (excluding dialysis catheters). METHOD: After the constitution of a panel of experts, a systematic collection and review of the literature has been performed, focusing on clinical studies dealing with lock solutions used for prevention of occlusion (heparin, citrate, urokinase, recombinant tissue plasminogen activator [r-TPA], normal saline) or for prevention of infection (citrate, ethanol, taurolidine, ethylene-diamine-tetra-acetic acid [EDTA], vancomycin, linezolid and other antibiotics), in both adults and in pediatric patients...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Vascular Access
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27473996/blood-concentrations-of-remifentanil-during-and-after-infusion-in-horses-anesthetized-with-isoflurane-and-dexmedetomidine
#13
Perrine Benmansour, Jennifer Billinsky, Tanya Duke-Novakovski, Jane Alcorn
OBJECTIVE: To determine blood remifentanil concentration in isoflurane-anesthetized horses during and after a 1h remifentanil and dexmedetomidine infusion. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective study. ANIMALS: Six adult mixed breed horses with (mean±SD) bodyweight of 507±61kg and 14±4years of age. METHODS: Following sedation with xylazine IV, anesthesia was induced with ketamine IV mixed with diazepam IV. Anesthesia was maintained with isoflurane in oxygen...
August 2016: Research in Veterinary Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27456005/varied-flushing-frequency-and-volume-to-prevent-peripheral-intravenous-catheter-failure-a-pilot-factorial-randomised-controlled-trial-in-adult-medical-surgical-hospital-patients
#14
Samantha Keogh, Julie Flynn, Nicole Marsh, Gabor Mihala, Karen Davies, Claire Rickard
BACKGROUND: Research has identified high failure rates of peripheral intravenous catheter (PIVC) and varied flushing practices. METHODS: This is a single-centre, pilot, non-masked, factorial randomised controlled trial. Participants were adults, with a PIVC of expected use ≥24 hours (n = 160), admitted to general medical or surgical wards of a tertiary referral hospital in Queensland (Australia). Patients were randomly allocated to one of four flush groups using manually prepared syringes and 0...
2016: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27451998/enhanced-acquisition-rates-of-candidatus-liberibacter-asiaticus-by-the-asian-citrus-psyllid-hemiptera-liviidae-in-the-presence-of-vegetative-flush-growth-in-citrus
#15
Mamoudou Sétamou, Olufemi J Alabi, Madhurababu Kunta, John L Jifon, John V da Graça
The Asian citrus psyllid preferentially feeds and exclusively reproduces on young, newly emerged flush shoots of citrus. Asian citrus psyllid nymphs feed and complete their life stages on these flush shoots. Recent studies conducted under greenhouse conditions have shown that the transmission rates of 'Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus' (CLas), the putative causal agent of huanglongbing disease of citrus, are enhanced when flush shoots are present. However, it is unclear if CLas acquisition by migrant adult Asian citrus psyllids is similarly enhanced...
October 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27419685/-effectiveness-of-heparin-versus-0-9-saline-solution-in-maintaining-the-permeability-of-central-venous-catheters-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Eduardo José Ferreira Dos Santos, Maria Madalena Jesus Cunha Nunes, Daniela Filipa Batista Cardoso, João Luís Alves Apóstolo, Paulo Joaquim Pina Queirós, Manuel Alves Rodrigues
OBJECTIVE: Determining which is the most effective solution (heparin flush compared to 0.9% saline flush) for reducing the risk of occlusions in central venous catheters (CVC) in adults. METHOD: The systematic review followed the principles proposed by the Cochrane Handbook; critical analysis, extraction and synthesis of data were performed by two independent researchers; statistical analysis was performed using the RevMan program 5.2.8. RESULTS: Eight randomized controlled trials and one cohort study were included and the results of the meta-analysis showed no difference (RR=0...
December 2015: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27346632/development-survival-and-fecundity-of-amblypelta-lutescens-lutescens-hemiptera-coreidae-on-distinct-phenological-stages-of-different-fruit-crop-host-plants
#17
K R Lindsay, M J Furlong
The banana-spotting bug, Amblypelta lutescens lutescens Distant (Hemiptera: Coreidae), is native to Australia and a major polyphagous pest of many tropical and subtropical horticultural crops in the east and north of the country. Different plant structures (flowers, vegetative flush, and different sized fruit) of avocado, lime, and papaya crops and green bean pods (a known suitable host) were evaluated for their suitability as hosts for A. l. lutescens Neonate to imago survivorship, the time taken to complete neonate to imago development, preovipositional period, and fecundity were assessed for each crop...
August 2016: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344212/vitamin-e-coated-and-heparin-coated-dialyzer-membranes-for-heparin-free-hemodialysis-a-multicenter-randomized-crossover-trial
#18
Mohamed Shariful Islam, Zarih Alcheikh Hassan, Florence Chalmin, Sandor Vido, Mohamed Berrada, David Verhelst, Patrick Donnadieu, Olivier Moranne, Vincent L M Esnault
BACKGROUND: Hemodialysis requires effective anticoagulation to avoid blood circuit clotting. In patients at high risk for bleeding, several alternative methods have been developed. STUDY DESIGN: Multicenter, prospective, randomized, crossover study evaluating the noninferiority of vitamin E-coated compared with heparin-coated dialyzers in a 4-hour heparin-free hemodialysis strategy. SETTINGS & PARTICIPANTS: 32 adult long-term hemodialysis patients from 2 French hemodialysis units with well-functioning fistulas or double-lumen catheters...
June 23, 2016: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27330236/energy-recovery-from-human-faeces-via-gasification-a-thermodynamic-equilibrium-modelling-approach
#19
T Onabanjo, K Patchigolla, S T Wagland, B Fidalgo, A Kolios, E McAdam, A Parker, L Williams, S Tyrrel, E Cartmell
Non-sewered sanitary systems (NSS) are emerging as one of the solutions to poor sanitation because of the limitations of the conventional flush toilet. These new sanitary systems are expected to safely treat faecal waste and operate without external connections to a sewer, water supply or energy source. The Nano Membrane Toilet (NMT) is a unique domestic-scale sanitary solution currently being developed to treat human waste on-site. This toilet will employ a small-scale gasifier to convert human faeces into products of high energy value...
June 15, 2016: Energy Conversion and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27237760/an-unusual-infection-in-ms-patient-treated-with-dimethyl-fumarate-a-case-report-of-omphalitis
#20
L Lorefice, G Fenu, F Cabras, J Frau, G C Coghe, L Loi, M G Marrosu, E Cocco
BACKGROUND: Notoriously the treatment of multiple sclerosis (MS) is based on the use of several different drugs, characterized by a diverse mechanism of action, efficacy and safety. Recently, progress has been made towards developing new oral immunotherapies, and dimethyl fumarate is the third oral agent approved for the treatment of relapsing-remitting forms. CASE: A 24-year-old patient, affected by relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis, started treatment in December 2014 with dimethyl fumarate...
May 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
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