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Adolescents and sports injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451452/epidemiology-of-spinal-injury-in-childhood-and-adolescence-in-the-united-states-1997-2012
#1
Joseph Piatt, Nicholas Imperato
OBJECTIVE There has been no successful study of trends in population-based incidences of pediatric spinal injury in the United States. The goal of the current study was to develop robust data to correct this deficiency in contemporary trauma epidemiology. METHODS Discharges coded for spinal injury were extracted from the Kids' Inpatient Database for 1997, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2009, and 2012 for patients younger than 18 years. Childhood was defined as ages 0 through 14 years and adolescence as ages 15, 16, and 17 years...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450207/fixation-of-traumatic-chondral-only-fragments-of-the-knee-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-athletes-a-retrospective-multicenter-report
#2
Peter D Fabricant, Yi-Meng Yen, Dennis E Kramer, Mininder S Kocher, Lyle J Micheli, J Todd R Lawrence, Theodore J Ganley, Benton E Heyworth
Background: While traditional biological principles have suggested that fragments consisting of cartilage alone cannot be reaffixed to bone with expectable long-term healing, case reports of successful healing after fixation in younger patients indicate that this concept remains incompletely explored. Purpose: To evaluate the presenting features, techniques, healing rates, and clinical and radiological results in a cohort of pediatric and adolescent athletes who underwent fixation of traumatic chondral-only fragments in the knee...
February 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448928/prevalence-of-adolescent-physical-activity-related-injuries-in-sports-leisure-time-and-school-the-national-physical-activity-behaviour-study-for-children-and-adolescents
#3
Anu M Räisänen, Sami Kokko, Kati Pasanen, Mari Leppänen, Arja Rimpelä, Jari Villberg, Jari Parkkari
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence of adolescent physical activity-related injuries in sports club activities, leisure time physical activity and school-based physical activity. The secondary aim was to investigate the differences in the prevalence of physical activity -related injuries between years 2014 and 2016. In addition, we set out to study the associations between age, sex and the frequency of physical activity and injury prevalence. METHODS: This cross-sectional study is based on the National Physical Activity Behaviour Study for Children and Adolescents (LIITU in Finnish) conducted in years 2014 and 2016...
February 15, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438628/rotator-cuff-repair-in-adolescent-athletes
#4
Michael G Azzam, Jeffrey R Dugas, James R Andrews, Samuel R Goldstein, Benton A Emblom, E Lyle Cain
BACKGROUND: Rotator cuff tears are rare injuries in adolescents but cause significant morbidity if unrecognized. Previous literature on rotator cuff repairs in adolescents is limited to small case series, with few data to guide treatment. HYPOTHESIS: Adolescent patients would have excellent functional outcome scores and return to the same level of sports participation after rotator cuff repair but would have some difficulty with returning to overhead sports. STUDY DESIGN: Case series; Level of evidence 4...
February 1, 2018: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424273/neuromuscular-physiology-exercise-and-training-during-youth-the-year-that-was-2017
#5
David G Behm
The pressure for children to excel and succeed in sport continues to mount. Although resistance training for youth was in disfavor by many organizations even into the early 21st century, children's training programs are more closely resembling the volume and intensity of adult programs. The physiological maturation of adolescent youth may impact their response to advanced training programs. Furthermore, the pressure to specialize in specific sports rather than engage in a variety of sporting activities may affect not only training responses but also injury incidence...
February 9, 2018: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420313/preliminary-use-of-the-paness-for-detecting-subtle-motor-signs-in-adolescents-with-sport-related-concussion-a-brief-report
#6
Jaclyn A Stephens, Martha B Denckla, Teri McCambridge, Beth S Slomine, E Mark Mahone, Stacy J Suskauer
Sensitive examination tools are needed to optimize evaluation after sport-related concussion (SRC). We preliminarily examined the Physical and Neurological Examination of Subtle Signs (PANESS) for sensitivity to motor changes in a pilot cohort of adolescents aged 13-17 with SRC. 15 Adolescents (5 females) with SRC were evaluated up to 3 times: within 2 weeks of injury, approximately 1 month later (mean 35 days between visits), and for those not recovered at the second visit, again following clinical recovery (mean 70 days between first and last visits for all participants)...
February 8, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413771/population-based-epidemiology-of-9767-ankle-fractures
#7
Rasmus Elsoe, Svend E Ostgaard, Peter Larsen
BACKGROUND: The purpose was to provide up-to-date information concerning the incidence of ankle fractures in a large and complete population including all age groups, spanning a decade, and report the distribution of fractures, trauma mechanism and patient baseline demographics. METHODS: Population-based epidemiological study of all patients treated for an ankle fracture in a 10-year period from 2005 to 2014. RESULTS: A total of 9767 patients with ankle fractures were treated between 2005 and 2014...
February 2018: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29412695/high-injury-burden-in-elite-adolescent-athletes-a-52-week-prospective-study
#8
Philip von Rosen, Annette Heijne, Anna Frohm, Cecilia Friden, Anders Kottorp
CONTEXT:   Our understanding of the injury burden in elite adolescent athletes in most sports is limited or unknown because of the lack of prospective, long-term injury studies. OBJECTIVE:   To describe injury patterns in terms of type, location, prevalence and incidence, recurrence, and severity grade; time to first injury; and prevalence of illness in elite adolescent athletes and to compare differences in injury data by sex and sport type. DESIGN:   Cohort study...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409340/exercise-addiction-in-adolescents-and-emerging-adults-validation-of-a-youth-version-of-the-exercise-addiction-inventory
#9
Mia Beck Lichtenstein, Mark D Griffiths, Simone Daugaard Hemmingsen, René Klinkby Støving
Background Behavioral addictions often onset in adolescence and increase the risk of psychological and social problems later in life. The core symptoms of addiction are tolerance, withdrawal symptoms, lack of control, and compulsive occupation with the behavior. Psychometrically validated tools are required for detection and early intervention. Adolescent screening instruments exist for several behavioral addictions including gambling and video gaming addiction but not for exercise addiction. Given recent empirical and clinical evidence that a minority of teenagers appear to be experiencing exercise addiction, a psychometrically robust screening instrument is required...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Behavioral Addictions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399000/outcomes-following-operative-treatment-of-adolescent-mallet-fractures
#10
Andrew T Chen, Keegan T Conry, Allison Gilmore, Jochen P Son-Hing, Raymond W Liu
Background: Many surgeons advocate for surgical intervention of adult mallet fractures that involve either subluxation of the distal interphalangeal (DIP) joint or those that involve more than one-third of the articular surface. However, the efficacy of operative treatment and complication rates are unclear regarding the adolescent population. Questions/Purposes: The goal of this study is to evaluate the clinical outcomes following operative fixation of bony mallet fractures in the adolescent population...
February 2018: HSS Journal: the Musculoskeletal Journal of Hospital for Special Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29354478/arthroscopic-triple-labral-repair-in-an-adolescent
#11
Eric J Cotter, Rachel M Frank, Scott W Trenhaile
Traumatic glenohumeral dislocations often result in significant injury to the anterior-inferior labrum, most commonly leading to recurrent anterior instability. While in skeletally immature patients, shoulder trauma more commonly results in fracture versus a true dislocation, shoulder instability does occur and can be difficult to manage in the setting of open physes. In any event, the goal of treatment is to reduce the risk of recurrence and allow full participation in activities, including sports. Arthroscopic stabilization has been shown to be an effective treatment option for young patients, with good return to sport rates; however, the vast majority of literature on shoulder instability in the youth patient population focuses on anterior instability...
October 2017: Arthroscopy Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29353246/a-concept-mapping-approach-to-identifying-the-barriers-to-implementing-an-evidence-based-sports-injury-prevention-programme
#12
Alex Donaldson, Aisling Callaghan, Mario Bizzini, Andrew Jowett, Patrick Keyzer, Matthew Nicholson
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Understanding the barriers to programme use is important to facilitate implementation of injury prevention programmes in real-word settings. This study investigated the barriers to coaches of adolescent female soccer teams, in Victoria, Australia, implementing the evidence-based FIFA 11+ injury prevention programme. METHODS: Concept mapping with data collected from 19 soccer coaches and administrators. RESULTS: Brainstorming generated 65 statements as barriers to 11+ implementation...
January 20, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337721/continuing-play-symptom-severity-and-symptom-duration-after-concussion-in-youth-athletes
#13
David R Howell, Michael J OʼBrien, Joana Fraser, William P Meehan
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether continuing to play after a concussion is associated with higher symptom burden or prolonged symptom duration. DESIGN: Patients who presented for care at a sport concussion clinic within the first 3 weeks of injury were asked whether they continued to play immediately after their injury. SETTING: Sport concussion clinic within a regional tertiary care hospital. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Clinical outcomes including symptom severity, symptom duration, age, time from injury-clinical presentation, sex, sport type, previous concussion history, and whether or not they experienced loss of consciousness or amnesia at the time of injury were recorded...
January 15, 2018: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332225/over-90%C3%A2-of-children-and-adolescents-return-to-sport-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Jeffrey Kay, Muzammil Memon, Robert G Marx, Devin Peterson, Nicole Simunovic, Olufemi R Ayeni
PURPOSE: To evaluate the rate at which children and adolescent athletes return to sporting activities after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. METHODS: Three databases, PubMed, MEDLINE, and EMBASE, were searched from database inception until September 9, 2017 by two reviewers independently and in duplicate. The inclusion criteria were English language studies that reported return to sport outcomes. Book chapters, conference papers, review articles, and technical reports were excluded...
January 13, 2018: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318177/injury-recurrence-among-high-school-athletes-in-the-united-states-a-decade-of-patterns-and-trends-2005-2006-through-2015-2016
#15
K Linnea Welton, Matthew J Kraeutler, Lauren A Pierpoint, Justin H Bartley, Eric C McCarty, R Dawn Comstock
Background: As participation in high school athletics increases, so does the number of adolescents experiencing sports-related injury. Understanding injury patterns is an important component to developing and evaluating prevention and rehabilitation programs. Purpose: To analyze recurrent injury rates and patterns among high school athletes, to compare recurrent injuries with new injuries, and to evaluate injury trends over time. Study Design: Descriptive epidemiology study...
January 2018: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305941/traumatic-urethraggia-in-adolescence-ushering-in-the-new-age-of-extreme-sports
#16
I Hodge, A Adam, M Chennapragada, A Tiu, A V Deshpande
Herein we describe a case of a 14-year-old with straddle injury to the base of the penis, sustained during an indoor rock climbing accident, who presented with severe urethrragia. Urethral injury was confirmed with retrograde urethrography. The patient became haemodynamically unstable from persistent blood loss, and corporal arterial injury was diagnosed on CT angiography. The urethraggia was successfully controlled with angioembolisation. The unique aspects of this case were the challenges in establishing the diagnosis on the background of the abnormal presentation of vascular injury of blood loss as opposed to painless priapism...
January 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299876/the-incidence-of-injury-in-amateur-male-rugby-union-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Caithriona Yeomans, Ian C Kenny, Roisin Cahalan, Giles D Warrington, Andrew J Harrison, Kevin Hayes, Mark Lyons, Mark J Campbell, Thomas M Comyns
BACKGROUND: Rugby union is a physically demanding, full-contact team sport that has gained worldwide popularity. The incidence of injury in rugby union has been widely reported in the literature. While comprehensive injury surveillance and prevention programmes have been implemented within the professional game, there is a need for similar strategies in the amateur game. Despite recent increases in the volume of research in rugby, there is little consensus regarding the true incidence rate of match and training injuries in senior amateur male rugby union players...
January 3, 2018: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289408/depressive-symptoms-in-the-young-athlete-after-injury-recommendations-for-research
#18
Allison R Palisch, Lisa Schaeg Merritt
It has been well documented that a serious injury to an athlete can cause psychological symptoms such as depression. However, much of the literature focuses on the collegiate athlete. Little is known about the prevalence of depressive symptoms in the young athlete who experiences an injury that adversely affects the ability to compete in his/her selected sport or may end athletic participation altogether. As sports specialization becomes increasingly widespread and age of participation becomes younger, depressive symptoms may be found in child and adolescent athletes...
December 28, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286552/the-sms-phone-and-medical-examination-sports-injury-surveillance-spex-system-is-a-feasible-and-valid-approach-to-measuring-handball-exposure-injury-occurrence-and-consequences-in-elite-youth-sport
#19
M Møller, N Wedderkopp, G Myklebust, M Lind, H Sørensen, J J Hebert, J Attermann
Current methods of sports injury surveillance are limited by lack of medical validation of self-reported injuries, and/or incomplete information about injury consequences beyond time-loss from sport. The aims of this study were to 1) evaluate the feasibility of the SMS, Phone and medical Examination injury surveillance (SPEx) system 2) to evaluate the proportion of injuries and injury consequences reported by SPEx when compared to outcomes from a modified version of the Oslo Sports Trauma Research Centre (OSTRC) Overuse Injury Questionnaire...
December 29, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280290/sports-involvement-injury-history-and-non-medical-use-of-prescription-opioids-among-college-students-an-analysis-with-a-national-sample
#20
Jason A Ford, Corey Pomykacz, Philip Veliz, Sean Esteban McCabe, Carol J Boyd
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The United States is in the midst of a prescription drug epidemic, particularly related to opioids. To more effectively deal with the devastating outcomes associated with non-medical use of prescription opioids (NUPO), research is needed to identify populations at increased risk. The current research builds on a small number of studies that have shown that adolescents involved in competitive sports are more likely to report NUPO. Specifically, we examine the relationship between athlete status, injury history, and NUPO among college students...
January 2018: American Journal on Addictions
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