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Adolescents and sports injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226433/preliminary-results-of-residual-deficits-observed-in-athletes-with-concussion-history-combined-eeg-and-cognitive-study
#1
Tamanna T K Munia, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Ajay K Verma, Benjamin D Johnson, Mark Romanick, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Tamanna T K Munia, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Ajay K Verma, Benjamin D Johnson, Mark Romanick, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Reza Fazel-Rezai, Jeffrey L Gendreau, Benjamin D Johnson, Tamanna T K Munia, Ajay K Verma, Kouhyar Tavakolian, Mark Romanick
Assessment, treatment, and management of sport-related concussions are a widely recognized public health issue. Although several neuropsychological and motor assessment tools have been developed and implemented for sports teams at various levels and ages, the sensitivity of these tests has yet to be validated with more objective measures to make return-to-play (RTP) decisions more confidently. The present study sought to analyze the residual effect of concussions on a sample of adolescent athletes who sustained one or more previous concussions compared to those who had no concussion history...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217426/treatment-of-anterior-shoulder-subluxation-using-the-mulligan-concept-and-reflex-neuromuscular-stabilization-a-case-report
#2
Robinetta A Hudson, Russell T Baker, Alan Nasypany, Don Reordan
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Shoulder instability, a common issue among athletes who engage in contact sports, may lead to recurrent subluxations, or partial dislocations of the shoulder. Young athletic patients generally respond poorly to the nonsurgical treatments for shoulder instability that are commonly utilized. The purpose of this case report is to describe the effects of the treatment guided by the Mulligan Concept (MC) coupled with reflex neuromuscular stabilization (RNS) also known as reactive neuromuscular training (RNT), on an adolescent football player with glenohumeral joint (GHJ) instability who sustained a traumatic anterior subluxation...
February 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211649/insufficient-sleep-in-adolescents-causes-and-consequences
#3
Judith A Owens, Miriam R Weiss
Insufficient sleep poses an important and complicated set of health risks in the adolescent population. Not only is deficient sleep (defined as both sleep duration inadequate to meet sleep needs and sleep timing misaligned with the body's circadian rhythms) at epidemic levels in this population, but the contributing factors are both complex and numerous and there are a myriad of negative physical and mental health, safety and performance consequences. Causes of inadequate sleep identified in this population include internal biological processes such as the normal shift (delay) in circadian rhythm that occurs in association with puberty and a developmentally-based slowing of the "sleep drive", and external factors including extracurricular activities, excessive homework load, evening use of electronic media, caffeine intake and early school start times...
February 17, 2017: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207969/multiple-factors-explain-injury-risk-in-adolescent-elite-athletes-applying-a-biopsychosocial-perspective
#4
Philip von Rosen, Anna Frohm, Anders Kottorp, Cecilia Fridén, Annette Heijne
Many risk factors for injury are presented in the literature, few of those are however consistent and the majority is associated with adult and not adolescent elite athletes. The aim was to identify risk factors for injury in adolescent elite athletes, by applying a biopsychosocial approach. A total of 496 adolescent elite athletes (age range 15-19), participating in 16 different sports, were monitored repeatedly over 52 weeks using a validated questionnaire about injuries, training exposure, sleep, stress, nutrition and competence-based self-esteem...
February 16, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203603/physical-activity-level-and-sport-participation-in-relation-to-musculoskeletal-pain-in-a-population-based-study-of-adolescents-the-young-hunt-study
#5
Maren Hjelle Guddal, Synne Øien Stensland, Milada Cvancarova Småstuen, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, John-Anker Zwart, Kjersti Storheim
BACKGROUND: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among adolescents is high, and pain in adolescence increases the risk of chronic pain in adulthood. Studies have shown conflicting evidence regarding associations between physical activity and musculoskeletal pain, and few have evaluated the potential impact of sport participation on musculoskeletal pain in adolescent population samples. PURPOSE: To examine the associations between physical activity level, sport participation, and musculoskeletal pain in the neck and shoulders, low back, and lower extremities in a population-based sample of adolescents...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203600/do-muscle-strength-deficits-of-the-uninvolved-hip-and-knee-exist-in-young-athletes-before-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#6
Joseph Hannon, Sharon Wang-Price, Shiho Goto, J Craig Garrison, James M Bothwell
BACKGROUND: Muscle strength of the involved limb is known to be decreased after injury. Comparison with the uninvolved limb has become standard of practice to measure progress and for calculation of limb symmetry indices (LSIs) to determine readiness to return to sport. However, some literature suggests strength changes in the uninvolved limb also are present after lower extremity injury. PURPOSE: To examine the uninvolved limb strength in a population of adolescent athletes after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and compare strength values with those of the dominant limb in a healthy control group...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203593/effects-of-sex-and-fatigue-on-biomechanical-measures-during-the-drop-jump-task-in-children
#7
Kristín Briem, Kolbrún Vala Jónsdóttir, Árni Árnason, Þórarinn Sveinsson
BACKGROUND: Female athletes have a higher rate of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury than males from adolescence and into maturity, which is suggested to result from sex-specific changes in dynamic movement patterns with maturation. Few studies have studied movement strategies and response to fatigue in children. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of fatigue on biomechanical variables associated with increased risk for ACL injury during a drop-jump (DJ) performance in children...
January 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28184358/vertical-patellar-dislocation-reduction-by-the-push-up-and-rotate-method-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#8
Hayat Ahmad Khan, Adil Bashir Shah, Younis Kamal
INTRODUCTION: Patellar dislocation is an emergency. Vertical patellar dislocation is rare, often seen in adolescents and mostly due to sports injuries or high-velocity trauma. Few cases have been reported in the literature. Closed or open reduction under general anesthesia is often needed. We report a case of vertical locked patellar dislocation in a 26-year-old male, which was reduced by a simple closed method under spinal anaesthesia. A literature review regarding the various methods of treatment is also discussed...
November 2016: Trauma Monthly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173788/real-time-optimized-biofeedback-utilizing-sport-techniques-robust-a-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#9
Jeffrey B Taylor, Anh-Dung Nguyen, Mark V Paterno, Bin Huang, Kevin R Ford
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in female athletes lead to a variety of short- and long-term physical, financial, and psychosocial ramifications. While dedicated injury prevention training programs have shown promise, ACL injury rates remain high as implementation has not become widespread. Conventional prevention programs use a combination of resistance, plyometric, balance and agility training to improve high-risk biomechanics and reduce the risk of injury. While many of these programs focus on reducing knee abduction load and posture during dynamic activity, targeting hip extensor strength and utilization may be more efficacious, as it is theorized to be an underlying mechanism of injury in adolescent female athletes...
February 7, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28165873/overuse-physeal-injuries-in-youth-athletes
#10
Amanda Arnold, Charles A Thigpen, Paul F Beattie, Michael J Kissenberth, Ellen Shanley
CONTEXT: Despite rising awareness of the risks associated with sports participation, overuse injuries continue to increase in youth athlete populations. Physeal injuries are one type of overuse injury exclusive to pediatric populations that are often sustained during athletic practice or competition. Overuse physeal injuries are, in theory, preventable; however, little consensus has been reached surrounding the risk factors, prevention, and treatment strategies. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review summarizes the best available evidence concerning overuse physeal injuries in youth and adolescent athletes...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148703/addressing-adolescent-oral-health-a-review
#11
Hugh Silk, Amy Kwok
Oral health is one of the most unmet health care needs of adolescents. Oral disease can have a profound effect on overall health, including pain, missed school, heart disease, and even death. Adolescents have specific needs pertaining to oral health in addition to the usual lifelong issues of caries management, sports injury prevention, and dental referrals. Teen years are a higher risk time for oral piercings, increased sugar intake, nicotine initiation, and orthodontic considerations. Adolescents need a unique approach to motivate them about their oral health issues...
February 2017: Pediatrics in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28146405/the-youth-throwing-score
#12
Christopher S Ahmad, Ajay S Padaki, Manish S Noticewala, Eric C Makhni, Charles A Popkin
BACKGROUND: Epidemic levels of shoulder and elbow injuries have been reported recently in youth and adolescent baseball players. Despite the concerning frequency of these injuries, no instrument has been validated to assess upper extremity injury in this patient population. Purpose/Hypothesis: The purpose of this study was to validate an upper extremity assessment tool specifically designed for young baseball players. We hypothesized that this tool will be both reliable and valid. STUDY DESIGN: Cohort study (diagnosis); Level of evidence, 2...
February 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28145740/adaptive-alterations-in-shoulder-range-of-motion-and-strength-in-young-tennis-players
#13
Benoit Gillet, Mickaël Begon, Violaine Sevrez, Christian Berger-Vachon, Isabelle Rogowski
CONTEXT:  Playing tennis requires unilateral and intensive movement of the upper limb, which may lead to functional adaptations of the shoulder and an increased injury risk. Identifying which athletes will be future elite tennis players starts at 5 to 6 years of age. Therefore, highly skilled players practice intensively in their childhood. However, whether these functional changes occur during the prepubertal years has not been established. OBJECTIVES:  To assess changes in glenohumeral-joint-rotation range of motion and strength of the shoulder-complex muscles in prepubertal elite tennis players...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28134572/physical-activity-related-injury-profile-in-children-and-adolescents-according-to-their-age-maturation-and-level-of-sports-participation
#14
Lara Costa E Silva, Maria Isabel Fragoso, Júlia Teles
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) is beneficial, enhancing healthy development. However, one-third of school-age children practicing sports regularly suffer from an injury. These injuries are associated with sex, chronological age, and PA level. PURPOSE: To identify the importance of age, PA level, and maturity as predictors of injury in Portuguese youth. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive epidemiological study. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Level 3...
March 2017: Sports Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28125932/brief-cognitive-behavioral-intervention-for-children-and-adolescents-with-persistent-post-concussive-symptoms-a-pilot-study
#15
Kelly A McNally, Kristina E Patrick, Jacob E LaFleur, Jana B Dykstra, Kerry Monahan, Kristen R Hoskinson
This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of a brief cognitive behavioral intervention program for children and adolescents experiencing persistent post-concussion symptoms. A total of 31 patients aged 10 to 18 years participated in the intervention. The median time since injury at treatment onset was 95 days though the range was large (23-720 days). Treatment was on average four sessions in duration. Sessions included concussion education, activity scheduling, sleep hygiene relaxation training, and cognitive restructuring...
January 26, 2017: Child Neuropsychology: a Journal on Normal and Abnormal Development in Childhood and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122770/factor-structure-of-impact%C3%A2-in-adolescent-student-athletes
#16
Paul B Gerrard, Grant L Iverson, Joseph E Atkins, Bruce A Maxwell, Ross Zafonte, Philip Schatz, Paul D Berkner
OBJECTIVE: ImPACT(®) (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing) is a computerized neuropsychological screening battery, which is widely used to measure the acute effects of sport-related concussion and to monitor recovery from injury. This study examined the factor structure of ImPACT(®) in several samples of high school student athletes. We hypothesized that a 2-factor structure would be present in all samples. METHOD: A sample of 4,809 adolescent student athletes was included, and subgroups with a history of treatment for headaches or a self-reported history of learning problems or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder were analyzed separately...
February 2017: Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology: the Official Journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28119882/responsibility-for-child-and-adolescent-s-psychosocial-support-associated-with-severe-sports-injuries
#17
Charlotte Hallquist, Ulrika Tranaeus Fitzgerald, Marie Alricsson
The manner in which health professionals and coaches act and decide on treatment and prognosis can influence athletes in a way that not only strengthens them, but it can also reduce their confidence in their own ability. The purpose was to determine who has the responsibility for child and adolescent psychosocial support needed in connection with a severe sports injury as well as investigate whether coaches, physiotherapists and parents are aware of the support that is needed. Qualitative interviews with coaches, parents and physiotherapists with experience of serious sports injuries in young people aged 12 to 16 years old from different sports were analysed using content analysis...
December 2016: Journal of Exercise Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28101329/association-between-sports-type-and-overuse-injuries-of-extremities-in-adults-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Charlène Chéron, Christine Le Scanff, Charlotte Leboeuf-Yde
BACKGROUND: Sports injuries are often described as overuse or traumatic. Little is known about the frequency of overuse injuries and, in particular, if they vary between different types of sporting activities. PURPOSE: To identify any differences between sports in relation to diagnoses of overuse injuries of the extremities (OIE) and anatomical areas most likely to be injured in adults and to compare these findings with those reported in youngsters, as identified in a previous review...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100124/compelling-overuse-injury-incidence-in-youth-multisport-athletes
#19
Abdallah Rejeb, Amanda Johnson, Roel Vaeyens, Cosmin Horobeanu, Abdulaziz Farooq, Erik Witvrouw
The present investigation was carried out to examine the incidence and pattern of injuries in adolescent multisport athletes from youth sports academy. Injury data were prospectively collected from 166 athletes during the seasons from 2009 to 2014. A total of 643 injuries were identified, 559 (87.0%) were time-loss injuries. The overall injury incidence was 5.5 (95% confidence interval CI: 5.1-6.0), the incidence of time-loss injuries was 4.8 (95% CI: 4.4-5.2), the incidence of growth conditions was 1.2 (95% CI: 1...
January 18, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079916/adolescent-shin-pain
#20
Jeremy Korsh, Douglas Matijakovich, Charles Gatt
Shin pain is a common complaint in adolescent athletes. The term "shin splints" has historically been applied to these patients. Shin splints, more often than not, refers to a stress reaction of the tibia from overuse. Overuse injuries occur when repetitive microtrauma to the bone exceeds the biologic healing potential. Diagnosis is based on typical history and physical examination findings. Plain radiographs and advanced imaging are rarely necessary but can provide valuable prognostic information. Treatment consists of adequate rest and exercise modification...
January 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
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