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Adolescents and sports injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#1
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603569/pediatric-acl-injuries-a-review-of-current-concepts
#2
Vikas Trivedi, Panna Mishra, Deepankar Verma
BACKGROUND: The number of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries reported in skeletally immature athletes has increased over the past 2 decades. The reasons for this increased rate include the growing number of children and adolescents participating in competitive sports vigorous sports training at an earlier age and greater rate of diagnosis because of increased awareness and greater use of advanced medical imaging. There is a growing need for a consensus and evidence based approach for management of these injuries to frame a dedicated age specific treatment strategy...
2017: Open Orthopaedics Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598803/bicycle-and-helmet-use-of-adolescents-in-markham-canada
#3
Michael Borean, Stephanie Ho, Drew Hollenberg, Tharani Anpalagan, Anna Rzepka, Jaclyn Viehweger, Christopher Ho, Isaac Rigby, Ronald Chow
Bicycle crashes are the second most common sports- or recreation-associated cause of serious injury. While the literature suggests that wearing protective helmets can significantly decrease risks associated with bicycle-related injuries, overall helmet use remains sub-optimal. A recent study by Chow et al. suggested that helmet-wearing rates in adolescent boys are negatively correlated with age. The aim of this study was to determine if similar trends are observed in a co-educational high school setting. A questionnaire was circulated at Unionville High School, a co-ed public high school in Markham, Canada...
June 9, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594519/pediatric-scaphoid-fractures
#4
Beverlie Ting, Andrea Sesko Bauer, Joshua M Abzug, Roger Cornwall, Theresa O Wyrick, Donald S Bae
Scaphoid fractures are the most common type of carpal injuries that occur in children and adolescents. The injury pattern seen in children and adolescents who have scaphoid fractures has recently shifted to resemble that of adults who have scaphoid fractures, with scaphoid waist fractures being the most common injury pattern. This shift has been attributed to increased body mass index in children and adolescents as well as more intense participation in extreme sports by both children and adolescents. The diagnosis of scaphoid fractures is based on both a clinical examination and radiographic fi ndings...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594516/lumbar-spine-injuries-in-the-athlete
#5
Dustin H Massel, Kern Singh
Low back pain is the most common complaint expressed by adult patients in the primary care setting, and the incidence of low back pain in adolescents is rising. Adolescents who are involved in athletics most commonly suffer from spondylolysis, spondylolisthesis, mechanical low back pain, and herniated disks, whereas adult athletes most commonly suffer from lumbosacral strain and herniated or degenerative disks. Initial nonsurgical management aims to reduce inflammation and noninvasively strengthen damaged tissues...
February 15, 2017: Instructional Course Lectures
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590388/the-quandary-of-treating-anterior-cruciate-ligament-tears-in-children-and-adolescents-commentary-on-an-article-by-travis-j-dekker-md-et-al-return-to-sport-after-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-its-effect-on-subsequent-anterior-cruciate
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590374/return-to-sport-after-pediatric-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-and-its-effect-on-subsequent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injury
#7
Travis J Dekker, Jonathan A Godin, Kevin M Dale, William E Garrett, Dean C Taylor, Jonathan C Riboh
BACKGROUND: Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) graft failure and contralateral ACL tears are more frequent in children and adolescents than adults. The reasons for higher subsequent injury rates in this population are incompletely understood. METHODS: We analyzed a continuous cohort of patients who were <18 years of age. Subjects underwent isolated, primary ACL reconstruction with autograft between 2006 and January 1, 2014, and had a minimum 2-year follow-up. Return-to-sport characteristics were described, and multivariable Cox regression modeling was used to identify predictors of a second ACL injury...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28587262/trends-in-pediatric-and-adolescent-anterior-cruciate-ligament-injuries-in-victoria-australia-2005-2015
#8
Louise Shaw, Caroline F Finch
Anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in children and adolescents have been the focus of recent media attention and parental concern, given their potential for adverse long-term health outcomes and healthcare costs. However, there is limited formal evidence on trends in the incidence of ACL injuries in children. This study utilizes the Victorian Admitted Episodes Dataset (VAED) to characterize epidemiologic trends of hospital-admitted ACL injuries in those aged 5 to 14 years over a period of 10 years from 2005 to 2015...
June 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574940/management-of-lumbar-conditions-in-the-elite-athlete
#9
Wellington K Hsu, Tyler James Jenkins
Lumbar disk herniation, degenerative disk disease, and spondylolysis are the most prevalent lumbar conditions that result in missed playing time. Lumbar disk herniation has a good prognosis. After recovery from injury, professional athletes return to play 82% of the time. Surgical management of lumbar disk herniation has been shown to be a viable option in athletes in whom nonsurgical measures have failed. Degenerative disk disease is predominately genetic but may be accelerated in athletes secondary to increased physiologic loading...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537411/-treatment-of-pelvic-avulsion-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents
#10
A Stančák, J Kautzner, T Trč, V Havlas
INTRODUCTION: Paediatric avulsion fractures of the pelvis and hip joint are rare injuries most commonly associated with a rapid muscle contraction of the respected apophysis, which is the weakest component of the growing skeleton. The chosen therapy option can be either conservative or surgical. METHODS: We present a cohort of 69 patients treated for an apophyseal avulsion fracture of the anterior superior / inferior iliac spine, the lesser and greater trochanters iliac crest and the ischial tubercle...
2017: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28533914/the-influence-of-a-healthy-welcoming-environment-on-participation-in-club-sport-by-adolescent-girls-a-longitudinal-study
#11
M M Casey, R M Eime, J T Harvey, N A Sawyer, M J Craike, C M Symons, W R Payne
BACKGROUND: This study investigated the perceived influence of a Healthy Welcoming Environment (HWE) on participation in sports clubs among adolescent girls, and how these perceptions changed longitudinally. HWE was defined in terms of a set of health promotion policies advocated by a health promotion foundation as the basis of sport club health promotion practice to promote structural reform in state sporting organisations and their affiliated associations and clubs. These included sports injury prevention, smoke-free, responsible serving of alcohol, sun protection, healthy eating, and welcoming and inclusive environments...
2017: BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530851/chondral-injuries-and-irreparable-meniscal-tears-among-adolescents-with-anterior-cruciate-ligament-or-meniscal-tears-are-more-common-in-patients-with-public-insurance
#12
Ariel A Williams, Nickolas S Mancini, Matthew J Solomito, Carl W Nissen, Matthew D Milewski
BACKGROUND: Access to health care services is a critical component of health care reform and may differ among patients with different types of insurance. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose was to compare adolescents with private and public insurance undergoing surgery for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and/or meniscal tears. We hypothesized that patients with public insurance would have a delayed presentation from the time of injury and therefore would have a higher incidence of chondral injuries and irreparable meniscal tears and lower preoperative International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC) scores than patients with private insurance...
May 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515975/prospective-functional-performance-testing-and-relationship-to-lower-extremity-injury-incidence-in-adolescent-sports-participants
#13
Joseph Smith, Nick DePhillipo, Iris Kimura, Morgan Kocher, Ronald Hetzler
BACKGROUND: Due to the high number of adolescent athletes and subsequent lower extremity injuries, improvements of injury prevention strategies with emphasis on clinic-based and practical assessments are warranted. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to prospectively investigate if a battery of functional performance tests (FPT) could be used as a preseason-screening tool to identify adolescent athletes at risk for sports-related acute lower extremity injury via comparison of injured and uninjured subjects...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28510641/community-level-football-injury-epidemiology-traumatic-injuries-treated-at-swedish-emergency-medical-facilities
#14
Toomas Timpka, Jan Schyllander, Diana Stark Ekman, Robert Ekman, Örjan Dahlström, Martin Hägglund, Karolina Kristenson, Jenny Jacobsson
Despite the popularity of the sport, few studies have investigated community-level football injury patterns. This study examines football injuries treated at emergency medical facilities using data from three Swedish counties. An open-cohort design was used based on residents aged 0-59 years in three Swedish counties (pop. 645 520). Data were collected from emergency medical facilities in the study counties between 1 January 2007 and 31 December 2010. Injury frequencies and proportions for age groups stratified by sex were calculated with 95% confidence intervals (95% CIs) and displayed per diagnostic group and body location...
May 16, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498229/not-missing-the-future-a-call-to-action-for-investigating-the-role-of-regenerative-medicine-therapies-in-pediatric-adolescent-sports-injuries
#15
Thomas M Best, Arnold Caplan, Michael Coleman, Laurie Goodrich, Jason Hurd, Lee D Kaplan, Ben Noonan, Philip Schoettle, Christopher Scott, Henry Stiene, Johnny Huard
In August 2016, a group including sport medicine clinicians, researchers, and a bioethicist met in Vail, Colorado to discuss regenerative medicine and its potential role in youth sports injuries. There was consensus that a call to action is urgently needed to understand the current evidence base, the risks and rewards, and future directions of research and clinical practice for regenerative medicine therapies in youth sports. We present here a summary of our meeting, which was supported by the National Youth Sports Health and Safety Institute (NYSHSI), a partnership between the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) and Sanford Health...
May 2017: Current Sports Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493060/synthetic-turf-fields-crumb-rubber-and-alleged-cancer-risk
#16
Archie Bleyer
Most synthetic turf fields have crumb rubber interspersed among the simulated grass fibers to reduce athletic injuries by allowing users to turn and slide more readily as they play sports or exercise on the fields. Recently, the crumbs have been implicated in causing cancer in adolescents and young adults who use the fields, particularly lymphoma and primarily in soccer goalkeepers. This concern has led to the initiation of large-scale studies by local and federal governments that are expected to take years to complete...
May 11, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489685/solid-organ-laceration-in-an-adolescent-soccer-player-a-case-report
#17
Michael Visenio, Keely Buesing, Kody Moffatt
Pediatric solid organ lacerations are a relatively uncommon but potentially dangerous injury that must be addressed urgently once recognized. Seen most often during recreational or team sports, they usually occur after a blunt deceleration mechanism to the abdomen or flank. Depending on the severity of injury, solid organ laceration may not be immediately apparent clinically. This emphasizes the importance of sideline witnessing and evaluation, acting quickly once symptoms develop, and placing importance on safe sporting technique...
May 9, 2017: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28459120/do-adolescents-with-long-term-illnesses-and-disabilities-have-increased-risks-of-sports-related-injuries
#18
Kwok W Ng, Jorma Tynjälä, Pauli Rintala, Sami Kokko, Lasse Kannas
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to examine the rates of sports related injuries in adolescents based on the severity of their long-term illnesses or disabilities (LTID). Few injury prevention strategies in sports and health promotion have explored disaggregation by disability. METHODS: Data obtained from the 2014 Finnish Health Behaviour in School-aged Children survey (n = 3716, mean age = 14.8, SD = 1.03) were grouped into adolescents with and without LTID...
December 2017: Injury Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454588/a-case-matched-study-examining-the-reliability-of-using-impact-to-assess-effects-of-multiple-concussions
#19
Trevor Barker, Stephen A Russo, Gaytri Barker, Mark A Rice, Mary G Jeffrey, Gordon Broderick, Travis J A Craddock
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.8 million sport and recreational concussions occur per year, creating a need for accurate diagnosis and management of concussions. Researchers and clinicians are exploring the potential dose-response cumulative effects of concussive injuries using computerized neuropsychological exams, however, results have been mixed and/or contradictory. This study starts with a large adolescent population and applies strict inclusion criteria to examine how previous mild traumatic brain injuries affect symptom reports and neurocognitive performance on the Immediate Post-concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing (ImPACT) computerized tool...
April 28, 2017: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454185/patella-dislocation-in-children-and-adolescents
#20
Sven Höhne, Kristina Gerlach, Lars Irlenbusch, Mathias Schulz, Christian Kunze, Rainer Finke
Introduction Patellar dislocation is one of the commonest knee injuries in adolescents. Although treatment usually leads to good results, the influence of anatomical and functional factors on therapeutic strategy has been underestimated, especially in cases of recurrence. Patients and Methods The course of treatment has been analysed in 88 patients with 136 patellar dislocations. The importance of anatomical conditions was studied using X-ray and MRI findings. The treatment results were critically evaluated in comparison with current recommendations...
April 2017: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
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