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Adolescents and sports injuries

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035980/incidence-of-symptomatic-pulmonary-embolus-and-deep-vein-thrombosis-after-knee-arthroscopy-in-the-pediatric-and-adolescent-population
#1
Brian C Lau, Jason Jagodzinski, Nirav K Pandya
OBJECTIVE: The incidence of deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) after pediatric knee arthroscopy is unknown. The purpose of this study was to determine the incidence of venous thromboembolism (VTE) after knee arthroscopy in the pediatric and adolescent population in a high-volume center. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: All patients who underwent arthroscopy of the knee for a sports-related injury by 2 surgeons were reviewed...
October 10, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035623/the-impact-of-knee-injury-history-on-health-related-quality-of-life-in-adolescent-athletes
#2
Kenneth C Lam, Jessica G Markbreiter
CONTEXT: Current evidence suggests that, despite returning to full participation, physically active adults with a previous knee injury experience lower health-related quality of life (HRQOL) than those with no knee injury history. It is unknown if this relationship is present in adolescent athletes. OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of knee injury history on HRQOL in adolescent athletes who were medically cleared for full participation. DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032484/young-athletes-return-too-early-to-knee-strenuous-sport-without-acceptable-knee-function-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#3
Susanne Beischer, Eric Hamrin Senorski, Christoffer Thomeé, Kristian Samuelsson, Roland Thomeé
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the return to knee-strenuous sport rate, muscle function and subjective knee function among adolescent patients (15-20 years of age) and adult patients (21-30 years of age) 8 and 12 months, respectively, after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction. It was hypothesised that no differences in outcome would be found between age groups at 8 or 12 months after ACL reconstruction. METHODS: Cross-sectional data from five tests of muscle function, from the Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) and the Tegner Activity Scale (Tegner), performed at 8 and 12 months after a primary ACL reconstruction, were extracted from a rehabilitation outcome register...
October 14, 2017: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030453/gaba-alterations-in-pediatric-sport-concussion
#4
Seth D Friedman, Andrew V Poliakov, Christopher Budech, Dennis W W Shaw, David Breiger, Thomas Jinguji, Brian Krabak, David Coppel, Tressa Mattioli Lewis, Samuel Browd, Jeffrey G Ojemann
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether frontal-lobe magnetic resonance spectroscopy measures of γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA) would be altered in a sample of adolescents scanned after sport concussion because mild traumatic brain injury is often associated with working memory problems. METHODS: Eleven adolescents (age 14-17 years) who had sustained a first-time sport concussion were studied with MRI/magnetic resonance spectroscopy within 23 to 44 days after injury (mean 30...
October 13, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971855/cluster-randomised-control-trial-for-cricket-injury-prevention-programme-cipp-a-protocol-paper
#5
Najeebullah Soomro, Nina Chua, Jonathan Freeston, Rene E D Ferdinands, Ross Sanders
BACKGROUND: Injury prevention programmes (IPPs) are effective in reducing injuries among adolescent team sports. However, there is no validated cricket-specific IPP despite the high incidence of musculoskeletal injuries among amateur cricketers. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate whether a cricket injury prevention programme (CIPP) as a pretraining warm-up or post-training cool-down can reduce injury rates in amateur cricket players. METHODS: CIPP is a cluster randomised controlled trial which includes 36 male amateur club teams having cricket players aged 14-40 years to be randomly assigned to three study arms: warm-up, cool-down and control (n=12 teams, 136 players in each arm)...
September 28, 2017: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969286/traumatic-dental-injuries-prevalence-and-their-impact-on-self-esteem-among-adolescents-in-india-a-comparative-study
#6
Nikita Goyal, Simarpreet Singh, Anmol Mathur, Diljot Kaur Makkar, Vikram Pal Aggarwal, Anshika Sharma, Puneet Kaur
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents are mostly injured during sport activities, traffic accidents and some forms of violence which may lead to traumatic injuries. Traumatic injuries not only pose a health risk worldwide but are also regarded among serious social problems. Poor oral health has been related to poor social relationships that affect the ability to learn and grow which may lead to reduced self-esteem. AIM: This study was conducted to compare self-esteem of adolescents with and without anterior Traumatic Dental Injury (TDI)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963384/simultaneous-combined-complete-tear-of-radial-and-ulnar-collateral-ligaments-of-thumb-in-an-adolescent
#7
Anil K Bhat, Prajwal Prabhudev Mane, Ashwath Acharya, Sandesh Madi
Isolated tear of collateral ligaments of thumb are common but combined injuries of both radial and ulnar collateral ligaments are rare. These cases are reported in athletes involved in high-impact sports. Here, we report a case of a 15-year-old boy with pain at base of the thumb and instability following low-impact sporting activity. On subsequent clinicoradiological assessment, simultaneous combined complete tear of both radial and ulnar collateral ligaments of the thumb was noted. Delayed primary repair of both collateral ligaments was done...
September 28, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962956/call-to-action-a-study-to-determine-the-etiology-of-catastrophic-brain-injuries-in-high-impact-sporting-activities-within-the-adolescent-population
#8
Vimal Patel, Julian E Bailes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915772/hypermobility-in-adolescent-athletes-pain-functional-ability-quality-of-life-and-musculoskeletal-injuries
#9
Heidi Schmidt, Trine Lykke Pedersen, Tina Junge, Raoul Engelbert, Birgit Juul-Kristensen
Study Design Cross-sectional. Background Generalized joint hypermobility (GJH) may increase pain and likelihood of injuries and also decrease function and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in elite-level adolescent athletes. Objective To assess the prevalence of GJH in elite-level adolescent athletes, and to study the association of GJH with pain, function, HRQoL, and musculoskeletal injuries. Methods A total of 132 elite-level adolescent athletes (36 adolescent boys, 96 adolescent girls; mean ± SD age, 14...
October 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885239/opioid-use-in-children-and-adolescents-after-anterior-cruciate-ligament-repair
#10
Nicole Taylor, Shannon Frick, Samantha Killilea, Teri Dugan-Frost, Jean Solodiuk
Opioid overdose is a leading cause of death from unintentional injury in the United States. When more opioids are prescribed than needed, leftover opioids may be misused if not properly disposed. The purpose of this study is to describe the opioid use of subjects (aged 13-21 years) after an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) repair. After obtaining IRB approval, we obtained consent from 100 subjects (over an 8-month period) undergoing ACL reconstructions performed by five sports medicine surgeons. The mean age of enrolled subjects was 16 years, most were female (60%) and white (72%)...
September 1, 2017: Journal for Healthcare Quality: Official Publication of the National Association for Healthcare Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879571/risk-factors-for-non-contact-injury-in-adolescent-cricket-pace-bowlers-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Mitchell R L Forrest, Jeffrey J Hebert, Brendan R Scott, Stefano Brini, Alasdair R Dempsey
BACKGROUND: Adolescent cricket pace bowlers are prone to injury. Recognising the risk factors for non-contact injury in this population will aid future injury prevention strategies. OBJECTIVE: To identify the risk factors for non-contact injury in adolescent cricket pace bowlers. METHODS: We systematically searched PubMed, Cochrane Library, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, Embase, and the South African Journal of Sports Medicine to identify all experimental and observational studies reporting risk factors for non-contact injuries in pace bowlers (aged 12-19 years)...
September 6, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865574/can-competitive-athletes-return-to-high-level-play-after-osteochondral-allograft-transplantation-of-the-knee
#12
Mark A McCarthy, Maximilian A Meyer, Alexander E Weber, David M Levy, Annemarie K Tilton, Adam B Yanke, Brian J Cole
PURPOSE: To investigate functional outcomes among competitive athletes undergoing osteochondral allograft (OCA) transplantation of the knee, including rates of return to play (RTP), and factors preventing RTP. METHODS: A retrospective review identified all competitive athletes (high school, intercollegiate, professional) undergoing isolated femoral condyle OCA from 2004 to 2013. Patient-reported outcome (PRO) questionnaires (Lysholm, International Knee Documentation Committee [IKDC], Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score [KOOS], Western Ontario and McMasters Universities Arthritis Index [WOMAC], 12-Item Short Form Health Survey [SF-12], Tegner, and Marx) and custom RTP surveys were administered...
September 2017: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855793/the-use-of-compression-tack-and-flossing-along-with-lacrosse-ball-massage-to-treat-chronic-achilles-tendinopathy-in-an-adolescent-athlete-a-case-report
#13
Jennifer Borda, Mitchell Selhorst
BACKGROUND: Achilles tendinopathy is an overuse injury that often affects individuals engaged in recreational or competitive level activity. Although most patients experience satisfactory results with therapy, a substantial portion fail to respond to traditional treatment. The purpose of this case study is to describe the successful use of compression tack and flossing (CTF) with lacrosse ball massage (LBM) in the treatment of an adolescent athlete with Achilles tendinopathy who had failed to respond to traditional treatment...
February 2017: Journal of Manual & Manipulative Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28854524/school-sport-associated-injuries-in-adolescents-a-single-center-experience
#14
Rene Burchard, Anne Stolpp, Thomas Kratz, Christoph Forreiter, Matthias Lahner
BACKGROUND: Each year, on average 1.26 million students face physical injuries at German schools and universities. Implementation of systematic prevention programs against school-associated injuries in adolescents is poor. Part of the reason might be a lack of data on nature and frequency of common school-associated injuries. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to obtain qualitative and quantitative data that might help to develop prevention or protection strategies against sport-associated injuries at school...
August 14, 2017: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28841573/pediatric-providers-attitudes-and-practices-regarding-concussion-diagnosis-and-management
#15
Khalida Itriyeva, Ronald Feinstein, Linda Carmine
Background Concussions, a form of mild traumatic brain injury, are a current "hot topic" in sports and medicine, with current research focusing on diagnosis, treatment, and the long-term effects of repeated concussions on development of chronic traumatic encephalopathy. Concussions represent 8.9% of all high school athletic injuries, and pediatricians see many of these patients in their practices, however evolving guidelines and recommendations have resulted in varying practices among providers. Objective To assess how local pediatricians in New York Chapter 2 of the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) diagnose and treat concussion patients, and to evaluate the need for continuing education in this area...
August 25, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28833411/improved-prediction-of-direction-dependent-acute-axonal-injury-in-piglets
#16
Lorre S Atlan, Colin Smith, Susan S Margulies
To guide development of safety equipment that reduces sports-related head injuries, we sought to enhance predictive relationships between head movement and acute axonal injury severity. The severity of traumatic brain injury (TBI) is influenced by the magnitude and direction of head kinematics. Previous studies have demonstrated correlation between rotational head kinematics and symptom severity in the adult. More recent studies have demonstrated brain injury age- and direction-dependence, relating head kinematics to white matter tract-oriented strains...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817407/nonoperative-management-of-labral-tears-of-the-hip-in-adolescent-athletes-description-of-sports-participation-interventions-comorbidity-and-outcomes
#17
Andrea Cianci, Dai Sugimoto, Andrea Stracciolini, Yi-Meng Yen, Mininder S Kocher, Pierre A dʼHemecourt
CONTEXT: Hip injury among young athletes is increasing, especially hip labral tears. Some tears may require surgical intervention, especially if they are associated with boney pathology such as femoroacetabular impingement (FAI). A protocol for nonoperative treatment of the hip labral tears is not well established. OBJECTIVE: To identify current nonoperative treatment options, comorbidities, sports participation, and outcomes of adolescent athletes who were diagnosed with hip labral tears...
August 16, 2017: Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine: Official Journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812290/a-preliminary-report-of-cerebral-white-matter-microstructural-changes-associated-with-adolescent-sports-concussion-acutely-and-subacutely-using-diffusion-tensor-imaging
#18
Trevor Wu, Tricia L Merkley, Elisabeth A Wilde, Amanda Barnes, Xiaoqi Li, Zili David Chu, Stephen R McCauley, Jill V Hunter, Harvey S Levin
Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) has demonstrated its utility in detecting microscopic post-concussion cerebral white matter structural changes, which are not routinely evident on conventional neuroimaging modalities. In this study, we compared 10 adolescents with sports concussion (SC) to 12 orthopedically-injured (OI) individuals within 96 h and three months post injury to 12 typically-developing (TD) participants using DTI and volumetric analyses. In terms of volume, no group differences were noted between SC, OI and TD groups at both 96 h and three months post concussion...
August 15, 2017: Brain Imaging and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812031/early-single-sport-specialization-a-survey-of-3090-high-school-collegiate-and-professional-athletes
#19
Patrick S Buckley, Meghan Bishop, Patrick Kane, Michael C Ciccotti, Stephen Selverian, Dominique Exume, William Emper, Kevin B Freedman, Sommer Hammoud, Steven B Cohen, Michael G Ciccotti
BACKGROUND: Youth participation in organized sports in the United States is rising, with many athletes focusing on a single sport at an increasingly younger age. PURPOSE: To retrospectively compare single-sport specialization in current high school (HS), collegiate, and professional athletes with regard to the rate and age of specialization, the number of months per year of single-sport training, and the athlete's perception of injury related to specialization. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3...
July 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795014/evaluation-and-management-of-lower-back-pain-in-young-athletes
#20
REVIEW
Dilip R Patel, Elizabeth Kinsella
Lower back pain in young athletes is a common problem. The prevalence of back pain from different causes in adolescent age group is between 20% and 30%. However, the incidence of low back pain in young athletes varies widely in different sports. Overuse injuries are the most common cause of low back pain in young athletes. In case of overuse injuries, the cause and effect relationship between back pain and specific condition is often difficult to establish. In adolescent athletes, the most common underlying identified cause of low back pain is lumbar spondylolysis...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
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