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Adolescents and sports injuries

Breton M Asken, Aliyah R Snyder, M Seth Smith, Jason L Zaremski, Russell M Bauer
OBJECTIVE: The primary goals of this study were (1) to report rates of concussion-like symptoms in healthy adolescent student athletes assessed using the Sport Concussion Assessment Tool, 3rd edition (SCAT3) at baseline, (2) to examine rates of psychiatric diagnoses in this population, and (3) to evaluate effects of baseline symptoms on SCAT3 cognitive and balance performance. METHODS: 349 adolescent student athletes (245 male) were administered the SCAT3 during pre-participation physical examinations...
October 19, 2016: Clinical Neuropsychologist
Keith H May, Andrew A Guccione, Michael C Edwards, Marc S Goldstein
BACKGROUND: Although the relationship of self-efficacy to sports performance is well established, little attention has been paid to self-efficacy in the movements or actions that are required to perform daily activities and prepare the individual to resume sports participation following an injury and associated period of rehabilitation. There are no instruments to measure self-confidence in movement validated in an adolescent population. PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to report on the development of the AMCaMP, a self-report measure of confidence in movement and provide some initial evidence to support its use as a measure of confidence in movement...
October 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Elizabeth E Hibberd, Kevin G Laudner, Kristen L Kucera, David J Berkoff, Bing Yu, Joseph B Myers
BACKGROUND: Subacromial space distance and forward head and shoulder posture are common characteristics resulting from swim training. These alterations can cause abnormal scapular kinematics and positioning, potentially increasing compression of structures in the subacromial space and increasing the risk for the development of swimmer's shoulder. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of the swim training season on subacromial space distance and forward head and forward shoulder posture as well as to determine the relationship between these variables...
October 18, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Jennifer C Reneker, Vinay Cheruvu, Jingzhen Yang, Chad E Cook, Mark A James, M Clay Moughiman, Joseph A Congeni
BACKGROUND: Dizziness is often reported after a sports-related concussion. Forces experienced at the time of the concussion can cause an injury to multiple anatomical areas, including the central nervous system, the vestibular system, and the cervical spine, each of which is sufficient to cause dizziness. Medical professionals routinely use the subjective history to develop hypotheses about what may be causing a patient's dizziness. No previous studies have attempted to differentiate the source of the dizziness through precise patient descriptors or the triggers of dizziness...
December 2015: Injury Epidemiology
Naja I Beck, Issra Arif, Michelle F Paumier, Kathryn H Jacobsen
OBJECTIVES: The goals of this study were to identify the proportion of early adolescents in southern South America who were injured in the past year, to identify risk behaviours and other exposures associated with injuries, and to evaluate the most common types and causes of injury in this population. METHODS: We used complex samples analysis to examine cross-sectional data from more than 35,000 students from all four countries in South America that participated in the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) in 2012-2013...
October 6, 2016: Injury
Lara Costa E Silva, Isabel Fragoso, Júlia Teles
BACKGROUND: It's becoming increasingly apparent that sports can present danger in the form of injuries. The extent of this problem calls for preventive actions based on epidemiological research. METHODS: Two questionnaires (LESADO and RAPIL II) were distributed in four schools to 651 subjects aged between 10 and 18 years, involved in different levels of physical activity (PA) - recreative sports, school sports, federated sports and no sports participation (except physical education classes)...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Damien McKay, Carolyn Broderick, Katharine Steinbeck
With the advent of long term athlete development programs and early sport specialisation, the training of elite athletes now spans the period of adolescence. Adolescence represents a period of physical, psychosocial and cognitive development, but also a time of physical and psychological vulnerability. Changes in skeletal and physiological attributes coincide with an increased risk of sport related injury. A window of vulnerability is shaped by the properties of the musculoskeletal system, the influence of pubertal hormones and the lag time between physical and cognitive development...
October 5, 2016: Pediatric Exercise Science
Peter Butler, Steven J Kamper, Christopher M Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Marion Prigent, Sylvain Brochard, Mathias Thepaut, Christian Lefèvre, Dominique Le Nen, Thierry Cornic, Marie-Thérèse Cariou, Catherine Le Rouzic, Phlippe Le Moine, Christelle Pons, Laetitia Houx
OBJECTIVE: Traumatic lower limb amputation is rare in pediatric population, and surgeons always try limb salvage. But rarely, later amputation occurred when the traumatic limb is painful. It is a difficult and irreversible decision needed a multidisciplinary approach. We report how we managed a programmed trans-tibial amputation on 13-years-old boy, 20 months after a foot trauma. OBSERVATIONS: Our patient is an adolescent victim of a left foot crash. The first checkup showed a degloving injury, dislocation of the interphalangeal joints and of all toes...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Rehana A Salam, Ahmed Arshad, Jai K Das, Marium Naveed Khan, Wajeeha Mahmood, Stephen B Freedman, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
Globally, every day, ∼2,300 children and adolescents succumb to unintentional injuries sustained from motor vehicle collisions, drowning, poisoning, falls, burns, and violence. The rate of deaths due to motor vehicle injuries in adolescents is 10.2 per 100,000 adolescents. We systematically reviewed published evidence to identify interventions to prevent unintentional injuries among adolescents aged 11-19 years. We defined unintentional injuries as a subset of injuries for which there was no evidence of predetermined intent, and the definition included motor vehicle injuries, suffocation, drowning, poisoning, burns, falls, and sports and recreation...
October 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Hao Yin, Zhang Huang, Zhengjun Pan
An anterior-superior iliac spine avulsion fracture is an uncommon injury in adolescent athletes and simultaneous bilateral avulsion fracture is fairly rare. The authors report cases of traumatic avulsion fractures of anterior-superior iliac spine after sports activity in teenagers. Open reduction and cannulate screws fixation resulted in an excellent functional outcome for this relatively uncommon fracture. The authors also stress the importance of careful clinical examination and recommend open reduction and internal fixation for patients requiring rapid rehabilitation...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Erica J Street, Kathryn H Jacobsen
The goal of this study was to compare the sex-specific prevalence rate of serious sports injuries in the past year among students ages 13-15 years from 25 low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) globally. Data from 46,922 nationally-representative students who participated in the Global School-based Student Health Survey (GSHS) were analyzed using complex samples analysis. The GSHS defines injuries as serious when they cause at least one full day of missed school or usual activities or require clinical treatment...
September 17, 2016: Journal of Community Health
Peter D Fabricant, Mininder S Kocher
Dramatic increases in youth competitive athletic activity, early sport specialization, and year-round training and competition, along with increased awareness of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries in children, have led to a commensurate increase in the frequency of ACL tears in the skeletally immature. Recent understanding of the risks of nonoperative treatment and surgical delay have supported a trend toward early operative treatment. This article discusses treatment strategies for ACL injuries in children and adolescents, and offers our preferred treatment strategy for skeletally immature youth athletes with ACL tears...
October 2016: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Candice Martin, Benita Olivier, Natalie Benjamin
CONTEXT: The Functional Movement Screen (FMS) has been found to be a valid pre-participation screening tool in the prediction of injury among various athletes in different sports. The validity thereof in the prediction of injury among adolescent cricketers is yet to be established. OBJECTIVE: To determine if a pre-season FMS total score is a valid predictor of in-season injury among adolescent pace bowlers. DESIGN: Prospective observational quantitative study...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
Karolina J Urban, Lily Riggs, Greg D Wells, Michelle Keightley, Jen-Kai Chen, Alain Ptito, Philippe Fait, Tim Taha, Katia J Sinopoli
Mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) is common in youth, especially in those who participate in sport. Recent investigations from our group have shown that asymptomatic children and adolescents with mTBI continue to exhibit alterations in neural activity and cognitive performance compared with those without a history of mTBI. This is an intriguing finding, given that current return-to-learn and return-to-play protocols rely predominately on subjective symptom reports, which may not be sensitive enough to detect subtle injury-related changes...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
Steven F DeFroda, Charles A Thigpen, Peter K Kriz
Three-dimensional (3D) motion analysis is the gold standard for analyzing the biomechanics of the baseball pitching motion. Historically, 3D analysis has been available primarily to elite athletes, requiring advanced cameras, and sophisticated facilities with expensive software. The advent of newer technology, and increased affordability of video recording devices, and smartphone/tablet-based applications has led to increased access to this technology for youth/amateur athletes and sports medicine professionals...
September 2016: Current Sports Medicine Reports
Shari Cui, Gennadiy A Busel, Aki S Puryear
BACKGROUND: Pediatric spine trauma often results from high-energy mechanisms. Despite differences in healing potential, comorbidities, and length of remaining life, treatment is frequently based on adult criteria; ligamentous injuries are fused and bony injuries are treated accordingly. In this study, we present short-term results of a select group of adolescent patients treated using percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation without fusion. METHODS: An IRB-approved retrospective review was performed at a level 1 pediatric trauma center for thoracolumbar spine fractures treated by percutaneous pedicle screw instrumentation...
October 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Jaclyn F Hill, Benton E Heyworth, Anneliese Lierhaus, Mininder S Kocher, Susan T Mahan
In this descriptive analysis of pediatric Lisfranc injuries, records of 56 children treated for bony or ligamentous Lisfranc injuries over a 12-year period were reviewed. Overall, 51% of fractures and 82% of sprains were sports-related (P=0.03). A total of 34% of the cohort underwent open reduction internal fixation, which was more common among patients with closed physes (67%). Full weight bearing was allowed in open reduction internal fixation patients at a mean of 14.5 weeks, compared to 6.5 weeks in the nonoperative group...
September 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
Tracy A Klein, Janessa M Graves
BACKGROUND: Nurse practitioners (NPs) are statutorily authorized to provide assessment and cognitive recommendations for concussion in most states. Their scope of practice includes assessment and management of concussion sequalae including anxiety, insomnia, and depression, as well as return to school and activity guidance. OBJECTIVES: Analysis of symptom-based diagnosis of mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) in adolescents, including return to school and school workload recommendations comparing psychiatric and nonpsychiatric NPs...
September 6, 2016: Journal of the American Psychiatric Nurses Association
Ghazal Hodhody, Tanya A Mackenzie, Lennard Funk
BACKGROUND: Rugby is a high-intensity contact sport, frequently causing shoulder injuries. Between the ages of 12 years to 18 years, academy and county level players are being selected for professional contracts, making this is a critical stage of their career. The present study aimed to describe the patterns of injury in adolescent rugby players with shoulder injuries. METHODS: Academy and county level rugby players in the target age group, over a 7-year period, were included in the present study...
July 2016: Shoulder & Elbow
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