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Bronchiectasis non cf

Ping Wei, Jia-Wei Yang, Hai-Wen Lu, Bei Mao, Wen-Lan Yang, Jin-Fu Xu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is presently no clear evidence on the effect of combined treatment for non-cystic fibrosis (non-CF) bronchiectasis with inhaled corticosteroid (ICS) and long-acting β2-adrenergic agonist (LABA). The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of salmeterol-fluticasone combined inhaled therapy for non-CF bronchiectasis with airflow limitation. METHODS: An observational study was performed in 120 non-CF bronchiectasis patients diagnosed by high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) scanning of the chest...
October 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ritesh Agarwal, Inderpaul S Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Ashutosh N Aggarwal
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a complex pulmonary disorder characterized by recurrent episodes of wheezing, fleeting pulmonary opacities and bronchiectasis. It is the most prevalent of the Aspergillus disorders with an estimated five million cases worldwide. Despite six decades of research, the pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment of this condition remains controversial. The International Society for Human and Animal Mycology has formed a working group to resolve the controversies around this entity...
October 17, 2016: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine
Sarah Svenningsen, Fumin Guo, David G McCormack, Grace Parraga
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based treatment and management for patients with bronchiectasis remain challenging. There is a need for regional disease measurements as focal distribution of disease is common. Our objective was to evaluate the ability of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to detect regional ventilation impairment and response to airway clearance therapy (ACT) in patients with noncystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis, providing a new way to objectively and regionally evaluate response to therapy...
October 4, 2016: Academic Radiology
Richard W Bohannon, Rebecca Crouch
RATIONALE, AIMS, AND OBJECTIVES: The 6-minute walk test (6MWT) is widely used as a test of functional exercise capacity. Several studies have reported the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for the 6MWT; however, the findings of the studies have not been examined in the context of one another. In this review, we aimed to summarize available information on the MCID for the 6MWT performed by patients with pathology. METHODS: Relevant literature was identified by searches of 3 electronic databases (PubMed, Scopus, and Cumulative Index of Nursing and Allied Health), examination of article reference lists, and consultation with an expert...
September 4, 2016: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
David J Roach, Yannick Crémillieux, Robert J Fleck, Alan S Brody, Suraj D Serai, Rhonda D Szczesniak, Stephanie Kerlakian, John P Clancy, Jason C Woods
RATIONALE: Recent advancements in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) have been made that improve our ability to assess pulmonary structure and function in cystic fibrosis (CF) patients. A non-ionizing imaging modality that can be used as a serial monitoring tool throughout life can positively impact patient care and outcomes. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to compare a new ultrashort echo-time (UTE) MRI method with computed tomography (CT) as a biomarker of lung structure abnormalities in young children with early CF lung disease...
August 23, 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
L Máiz, R Girón, C Olveira, M Vendrell, R Nieto, M A Martínez-García
BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence of and factors associated with nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) in patients with non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis are limited. Our aim was to determine the prevalence and factors associated with isolation of NTM in this population. METHODS: We performed a multicenter observational study of historical cohorts comprising consecutive patients with non-CF bronchiectasis and at least 2 sputum samples cultured for mycobacteria over a period of 5 years...
2016: BMC Infectious Diseases
Katrine Fjaellegaard, Melda Dönmez Sin, Andrea Browatzki, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik
To provide an update on efficacy and safety of antibiotic treatments for stable non-cystic fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis (BE). Systematic review based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines was done. Twenty-six studies (1.898 patients) fulfilled the inclusion criteria. Studies of inhaled tobramycin have revealed conflicting results regarding quality of life (QoL), exacerbations and admissions, but may result in sputum cultures negative for Pseudomonas aeruginosa, whereas studies investigating the effect of inhaled gentamycin have shown positive effects on sputum bacterial density, decrease in sputum cultures positive for P...
August 9, 2016: Chronic Respiratory Disease
Steven L Taylor, Richard J Woodman, Alice Ch Chen, Lucy D Burr, David L Gordon, Michael A McGuckin, Steve Wesselingh, Geraint B Rogers
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether FUT2 (secretor) genotype affects disease severity and airway infection in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis. PARTICIPANTS: Induced sputum samples were obtained from 112 adult patients with high-resolution CT scan-proven bronchiectasis and at least two exacerbations in the previous year, as part of an unrelated randomised control trial. OUTCOME MEASURES: Presence of null FUT2 polymorphisms were determined by gene sequencing and verified by endobronchial biopsy histochemical staining...
August 8, 2016: Thorax
Francesco Blasi, Clive Page, Gian Maria Rossolini, Lucia Pallecchi, Maria Gabriella Matera, Paola Rogliani, Mario Cazzola
OBJECTIVES: In airway infections, biofilm formation has been demonstrated to be responsible for both acute and chronic events, and constitutes a genuine challenge in clinical practice. Difficulty in eradicating biofilms with systemic antibiotics has led clinicians to consider the possible role of non-antibiotic therapy. The aim of this review is to examine current evidence for the use of N-acetylcysteine (NAC) in the treatment of biofilm-related respiratory infections. METHODS: Electronic searches of PUBMED up to September 2015 were conducted, searching for 'biofilm', 'respiratory tract infection', 'N-acetylcysteine', 'cystic fibrosis', 'COPD', 'bronchiectasis', 'otitis', and 'bronchitis' in titles and abstracts...
August 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Robert Wilson, Timothy Aksamit, Stefano Aliberti, Anthony De Soyza, J Stuart Elborn, Pieter Goeminne, Adam T Hill, Rosario Menendez, Eva Polverino
BACKGROUND: An Expert Forum was held at the 2014 European Respiratory Society International Congress to address issues involved in the management of Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection in patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB). Multiple studies have found that chronic P. aeruginosa infection is associated with more severe disease and higher morbidity and mortality. OVERVIEW: Participants discussed appropriate management of P. aeruginosa infection at three stages: 1) first isolation, including eradication protocols; 2) during exacerbations; and 3) during chronic infection, including long-term antibiotic therapy to reduce the severity of symptoms and frequency of exacerbations...
August 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Lucy D Burr, Geraint B Rogers, Alice C-H Chen, Brett R Hamilton, Gertruida F Pool, Steven L Taylor, Deon Venter, Simon D Bowler, Sally Biga, Michael A McGuckin
RATIONALE: The mechanism by which low-dose macrolide therapy reduces exacerbations in non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis is not known. Pseudomonas aeruginosa quorum sensing controls the expression of a range of pathogenicity traits and is inhibited by macrolide in vitro. Quorum sensing inhibition renders P. aeruginosa less pathogenic, potentially reducing its contribution to airway damage. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to determine whether long-term low-dose erythromycin inhibits P...
October 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Miguel Á Martínez-García, Montserrat Vendrell, Rosa Girón, Luis Máiz-Carro, David de la Rosa Carrillo, Javier de Gracia, Casilda Olveira
RATIONALE: The clinical presentation and prognosis of non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis are both very heterogeneous. OBJECTIVES: To identify different clinical phenotypes for non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis and their impact on prognosis. METHODS: Using a standardized protocol, we conducted a multicenter observational cohort study at six Spanish centers with patients diagnosed with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis before December 31, 2005, with a 5-year follow-up from the bronchiectasis diagnosis...
September 2016: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Matthieu Buscot, Héloïse Pottier, Charles-Hugo Marquette, Sylvie Leroy
BACKGROUND: Data concerning phenotypes in bronchiectasis are scarce. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the clinical, functional and microbiological phenotypes of patients with bronchiectasis. METHODS: A monocentric retrospective study in a university hospital in France was conducted over 10 years (2002-2012). Non-cystic fibrosis patients with tomographic confirmation of bronchiectasis were included. The clinical, functional and microbiological data of patients were analyzed relying on the underlying etiology...
2016: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
Annemarie L Lee, Catherine J Hill, Christine F McDonald, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) (exercise and education) or exercise training (ET) on exercise capacity, health-related quality of life (HRQOL), symptoms, frequency of exacerbations, and mortality compared with no treatment in adults with bronchiectasis. DATA SOURCES: Computer-based databases were searched from their inception to February 2016. STUDY SELECTION: Randomized controlled trials of PR or ET versus no treatment in adults with bronchiectasis were included...
June 16, 2016: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Katerina Dimakou, Christina Triantafillidou, Michail Toumbis, Kyriaki Tsikritsaki, Katerina Malagari, Petros Bakakos
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Non-Cystic Fibrosis (CF) bronchiectasis is common in Greece but little attention has been paid to the investigation of its aetiology, clinical, radiological, microbiological and lung function profile. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated patients with non-CF bronchiectasis confirmed by high resolution computed tomography (HRCT) of the chest. Aetiology, clinical data, radiology score, microbiological profile and lung function were investigated...
July 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Maria Kipourou, Katerina Manika, Apostolos Papavasileiou, Georgia Pitsiou, Martha Lada, Evangelos Ntinapogias, Ioannis Kioumis
We present the case of a 60-year old female patient, with a 10 year history of non-CF bronchiectasis and use of macrolides as maintenance immunomodulatory treatment, who was diagnosed with macrolide-resistant Mycobacterium avium complex lung disease. Macrolides' immunomodulatory effect is appealing for non- CF bronchiectasis patients, hiding a high risk for resistance emergence.
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Jessica Rademacher, Felix C Ringshausen, Hendrik Suhling, Jan Fuge, Georg Marsch, Gregor Warnecke, Axel Haverich, Tobias Welte, Jens Gottlieb
BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation (LTx) is a well-established treatment for end-stage pulmonary disease. However, data regarding microbiology and outcome of patients with non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (NCFB) after lung transplantation are limited. METHODS: A retrospective analysis between August 1992 and September 2014 of all patients undergoing lung transplantation at our program of all recipients with a primary diagnosis of bronchiectasis was performed. Microbiology of sputum and bronchoalveolar lavage specimens, lung function and clinical parameters pre- and post-LTx were assessed retrospectively...
June 2016: Respiratory Medicine
Markus Allewelt, Andrés de Roux
Non-CF (NCF)-bronchiectasis is a syndrome of chronic inflammation leading to dilatation of airways and structural lung damage. Improvements of diagnostic procedures increase its perceived frequency. In Germany, recent data suggest a prevalence of 67/100 000.The outcome of therapeutic interventions is critically related to thorough diagnostic procedures. Genetical or immunological disorders (cystic fibrosis, alpha-1-AT deficiency, immune deficiency syndromes) require treatment options different from idiopathic NCF-bronchiectasis...
May 2016: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
Won-Jung Koh, Byeong-Ho Jeong, Kyeongman Jeon, Su-Young Kim, Kyoung Un Park, Hye Yun Park, Hee Jae Huh, Chang-Seok Ki, Nam Yong Lee, Seung-Heon Lee, Chang Ki Kim, Charles L Daley, Sung Jae Shin, Hojoong Kim, O Jung Kwon
BACKGROUND: Although Mycobacterium massiliense lung disease is increasing in patients with cystic fibrosis and non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis, optimal treatment regimens remain largely unknown. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of oral macrolide therapy after an initial two-week course of combination antibiotics for treating of M. massiliense lung disease. METHODS: Seventy-one patients received oral macrolides, along with an initial four-week (n = 28) or two-week (n = 43) intravenous (IV) amikacin and cefoxitin (or imipenem) treatment...
May 7, 2016: Chest
I S Sehgal, S Dhooria, D Behera, R Agarwal
Allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis (ABPA) is a pulmonary disorder that results from immune responses mounted against antigens of Aspergillus fumigatus, resulting in non-specific respiratory symptoms and structural lung damage. Classically defined in individuals suffering from bronchial asthma and cystic fibrosis, ABPA has recently been described in other lung diseases including COPD, pulmonary tuberculosis, idiopathic bronchiectasis and others. Herein, we report the first case of ABPA complicating Swyer-James-Macleod's syndrome that was successfully treated with oral antifungal therapy...
May 2016: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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