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Pace maker

Arnaud Hubert, Virginie Le Rolle, Christophe Leclercq, Elena Galli, Eigil Samset, Cyrille Casset, Philippe Mabo, Alfredo Hernandez, Erwan Donal
Purpose: The area of left ventricular (LV) pressure-strain loop (PSL) is used as an index of regional myocardial work. The purpose of the present work is to compare the main segmental PSL markers and the derived global work indices, when they are calculated using an estimated pressure signal or an observed pressure signal. Methods and results: In nine patients implanted with a bi-ventricular pace-maker (CRT), LV pressure was invasively measured in five conditions: CRT-off, LV-pacing, right ventricular-pacing and two different CRT-pacing...
February 26, 2018: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
Patrick Mbah Okwen, Bedes Ngem, Olivette Ndum Chia, Raphael Cheabum, Sandeep Moola
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this evidence implementation project is to promote evidence-based practice in artemisinin-based combination therapy for managing uncomplicated malaria in children under five, thereby improving patient outcomes and resource utilization in the Bali Health District, Cameroon. INTRODUCTION: The burden of disease attributable to malaria has significantly improved in the last three years, however morbidity and mortality risks are still present, especially for children under five...
March 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Angelos Tsipis, Nikolaos Skandalakis, Nikolaos Kanakakis, Nektarios Pilatis, Evdokia Petropoulou
Infective endocarditis due to Enterococus Gallinarum is a rare clinical condition. We present a case of an 85 years old male with history of valvular disease and permanent pace maker with past medical history of repetitive urinary tract infections in the previous months, who presented to the emergency department with fever, urinary disturbances, general malaise and positive blood cultures for Enterococcus Gallinarum. Echocardiography was a useful diagnostic method in the present case, showing the vegetation on the tricuspid valve...
March 1, 2018: Cardiovascular & Hematological Disorders Drug Targets
Christos Farazi-Chongouki, Ioannis Dalianoudis, Anestis Ninos, Pantelis Diamantopoulos, Dimitrios Filippou, Stefanos Pierrakakis, Panagiotis Skandalakis
INTRODUCTION: Various anomalies in the development of the great thoracic veins of the embryo can be incidentally discovered in the normal adult. Duplication of superior vena cava (SVC) is a rare abnormality, but the most common thoracic venous congenital anomaly. Case reports-methods: We present two cases in the intensive care unit of our hospital, of asymptomatic patients who underwent an uneventful central line placement in the left subclavian vein. The track of the catheter, as shown in the X-ray, was misplaced to the left of the aorta and further investigation with computed tomography angiography confirmed a persistent left SVC...
February 19, 2018: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Carlo Di Mario, Carlotta Sorini Dini
When TAVR is performed with transfemoral percutaneous approach, local anesthesia, no routine post-procedural intensive care admission, an early discharge (<3 days) can be adopted in most TAVR patients Avoiding peri-procedural complications and minimizing pace-maker implantation rate are key to allow early patient discharge When properly selected, patients discharged early have low discharge have low risk of adverse events and readmissions in the first 30 days.
February 1, 2018: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
A Markewitz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 8, 2018: Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie
Reza Tavakoli, Guillaume Lebreton, Max Gassmann, Peiman Jamshidi, Pascal Leprince
Despite the obvious advantages of the preservation of a normal aortic valve during aortic root replacement, the complexity of valve sparing procedures prevents a number of cardiac surgeons from incorporating them into their practice. The aim of this protocol is to describe a simplified and user-friendly technique of an aortic valve-sparing root replacement (VSRR) procedure by re-implantation of the aortic valve. Proper selection of patients and limitations of the technique are discussed. In 54 consecutive patients, normal appearing aortic valves were re-implanted in a commercially available polyester prosthesis with pre-shaped sinuses by a simplified and standardized technique...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
Laura Desveaux, James Shaw, Ross Wallace, Onil Bhattacharyya, R Sacha Bhatia, Trevor Jamieson
Virtual technologies have the potential to mitigate a range of challenges for health care systems. Despite the widespread use of mobile devices in everyday life, they currently have a limited role in health service delivery and clinical care. Efforts to integrate the fast-paced consumer technology market with health care delivery exposes tensions among patients, providers, vendors, evaluators, and system decision makers. This paper explores the key tensions between the high bar for evidence prior to market approval that guides health care regulatory decisions and the "fail fast" reality of the technology industry...
December 8, 2017: JMIR Medical Informatics
Kahraman Yakut, İlkay Erdoğan, Birgül Varan, İlyas Atar
BACKGROUND: Brugada syndrome is a disease characterized by a specific electrocardiographic pattern and an increased risk of sudden cardiac death. We present this case with the updated literature to emphasise the need to consider the diagnosis of Brugada syndrome in patients admitted to the emergency ward with sudden cardiac arrest. CASE REPORT: A 16-year-old female patient was admitted to the emergency ward with complaints of weakness and abdominal pain, and she had four cardiac arrests during her evaluation period...
December 1, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
Hafiz T A Khan, Shereen Hussein, John Deane
Population ageing is a phenomenon affecting the whole world. The countries that make up the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) are no exception but transitions in population ageing are still in the early stages of the process. With current demographic dividends experienced by the GCC and the rest of the Middle-East, the pace of population ageing will be faster than that experienced by many European countries. The purpose of this paper is to explore the population ageing experience of different GCC countries while situating this within a context of social policies that still at the very early stages of acknowledging such change...
2017: Ageing International
Simonetta Genovesi, Elisa Nava, Alice Pasa, Enzo Corghi, Patrizia Ondei, Elisabetta Marta, Antonio Bellasi, Fabio Malberti, Ugo Teatini, Carlo Maria Guastoni, Leonardo Spatola, Maria Carmen Luise, Renza Tiboldo, Silvio Bertoli, Piergiorgio Messa, Maria Doria, Maurizio Gallieni, Mario Cozzolino, Donatella Spotti, Valeria Sala, Elisabetta Sironi, Giuseppe Boriani
Among dialysis patients, 40% of deaths are due to cardiovascular causes, and 60% of cardiac deaths are due to an arrhythmia. The purpose of this survey, carried out with the organizational support of the Lombard Section of the Italian Society of Nephrology, is to evaluate the frequency and mode of use of non-invasive instruments for the diagnosis of cardiac arrhythmias in the dialysis centers of Lombardy. Information on the prevalence and type of cardiac devices at December 1, 2016 in this population was also required...
December 5, 2017: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Wlodzimierz S Erdmann, Dorota Dancewicz-Nosko, Vasilios Giovanis
BACKGROUND: Within several investigated endurance sport disciplines the distribution of load of the best competitors has a manner of evenly or slightly rising velocity values. Unfortunately many other competitors have usually diminishing values or when they are very poor they have evenly values. The aim of this study was to investigate distribution of velocity within 30-km cross-country female skiers. METHODS: Cross-country skiing runs were investigated of Olympic Games 2002-2014 (Salt Lake City, Turin, Vancouver, Sochi)...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
Mohammad Mainul Islam, Md Kamrul Islam, Mohammad Sazzad Hasan, Mohammad Bellal Hossain
BACKGROUND: While studies on fertility and contraceptives issues are available, until recently adolescent motherhood has not received enough attention among policy makers in understanding adolescent motherhood in Bangladesh. We aimed to examine the trends and determinants of adolescent motherhood among women aged 15-49 years. METHODS: For trend analysis we used all the 7 waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey (BDHS, 1993-2014) data but for multivariate analysis 4 waves of BDHS (2004-2014)...
2017: PloS One
Gianluca Rigatelli, Fabio Dell'Avvocata, Luca Conte, Daniela Lanza, Sara Giatti, Pierluigi Del Santo, Loris Roncon, Giuseppe Faggian
BACKGROUND: Balloon Aortic valvuloplasty (BAV) is considered as a bridge therapy to percutaneous valve implantation or a palliative treatment in patients with aortic valve stenosis (AVS). Potential risk of complications, in particular in fragile patients, is still not negligible. AIM: To describe the technique and outcomes of modified BAV in fragile symptomatic patients unsuitable for other treatments using no-pacing and minimally invasive approach. METHODS: Symptomatic fragile patients with severe aortic valve stenosis judged unsuitable by the heart team for surgical or percutaneous valve implantation from 1 September 2013 to 1 September 2017 were offered modified BAV...
October 19, 2017: Cardiovascular Revascularization Medicine: Including Molecular Interventions
Robyn A Penny, Natalie K Bradford, Danette Langbecker
AIM: To synthesise evidence of registered nurses' and midwives' experiences with videoconferencing and identify perceptions of the appropriateness, meaningfulness and feasibility of this technology in professional and clinical practice. BACKGROUND: Videoconferencing is a form of telehealth that can facilitate access to high quality care to improve health outcomes for patients and enable clinicians working in isolation to access education, clinical supervision, peer support and case review...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Gilbert G G Donders, Jacques Ravel, Beatrice Vitali, Mihai G Netea, Andres Salumets, Magnus Unemo
The diagnosis of vulvo-vaginal complaints has always been enigmatic in obstetrics and gynecology. Patients with clear, pathognomonic symptoms end up with a proper diagnosis and treatment most of the time, but unfortunately we are now living in a world where women reach out to the Internet and readily get all information as to which disease their symptoms correspond to and also find the appropriate treatment "over-the-counter." Because of this trend, we as specialists are increasingly confronted with patients with complex and combined conditions...
October 10, 2017: Gynecologic and Obstetric Investigation
Nick Golding, Roy Burstein, Joshua Longbottom, Annie J Browne, Nancy Fullman, Aaron Osgood-Zimmerman, Lucas Earl, Samir Bhatt, Ewan Cameron, Daniel C Casey, Laura Dwyer-Lindgren, Tamer H Farag, Abraham D Flaxman, Maya S Fraser, Peter W Gething, Harry S Gibson, Nicholas Graetz, L Kendall Krause, Xie Rachel Kulikoff, Stephen S Lim, Bonnie Mappin, Chloe Morozoff, Robert C Reiner, Amber Sligar, David L Smith, Haidong Wang, Daniel J Weiss, Christopher J L Murray, Catherine L Moyes, Simon I Hay
BACKGROUND: During the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) era, many countries in Africa achieved marked reductions in under-5 and neonatal mortality. Yet the pace of progress toward these goals substantially varied at the national level, demonstrating an essential need for tracking even more local trends in child mortality. With the adoption of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in 2015, which established ambitious targets for improving child survival by 2030, optimal intervention planning and targeting will require understanding of trends and rates of progress at a higher spatial resolution...
November 11, 2017: Lancet
Jessica Pace, Sallie-Anne Pearson, Wendy Lipworth
OBJECTIVES: In recent years, numerous frameworks have been developed to enhance the legitimacy of health technology assessment processes. Despite efforts to implement these "legitimacy frameworks," medicines funding decisions can still be perceived as lacking in legitimacy. We, therefore, sought to examine stakeholder views on factors that they think should be considered when making decisions about the funding of high-cost breast cancer therapies, focusing on those that are not included in current frameworks and processes...
September 12, 2017: International Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care
Igor Linkov, Benjamin D Trump, Ben A Wender, Thomas P Seager, Alan J Kennedy, Jeffrey M Keisler
Two analytic perspectives on environmental assessment dominate environmental policy and decision-making: risk analysis (RA) and life-cycle assessment (LCA). RA focuses on management of a toxicological hazard in a specific exposure scenario, while LCA seeks a holistic estimation of impacts of thousands of substances across multiple media, including non-toxicological and non-chemically deleterious effects. While recommendations to integrate the two approaches have remained a consistent feature of environmental scholarship for at least 15 years, the current perception is that progress is slow largely because of practical obstacles, such as a lack of data, rather than insurmountable theoretical difficulties...
August 4, 2017: Nature Nanotechnology
Bakhtawar Shah, Cheragh Hussain, Zahid Aslam Awan
BACKGROUND: Device implantation is an integral part of interventional cardiology particularly electrophysiology. In this study, we are going to shear our experience of device implantation technique at electrophysiology department Hayatabad Medical Complex, Peshawar. METHODS: The study was conducted from June 2011 to December 2015. Axillary vein was used to implant the devices but in some cases when this rout was not convenient due to any reason then subclavian vein was entered through the Seldinger technique...
April 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
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