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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646807/manual-therapy-with-cryotherapy-versus-manual-therapy-with-kinesio-taping-for-males-with-lumbar-discopathy-a-pilot-randomized-trial
#1
Pawel Lizis, Wojciech Kobza
Context • Numerous modalities of therapeutic interventions exist for lumbar discopathy. Manual therapy is one option, although its effectiveness remains controversial. The addition of cryotherapy to manual therapy may enhance the health benefits in patients with lumbar discopathy.  Objective • The study intended to evaluate the efficacy of manual therapy combined with cryotherapy vs manual therapy combined with Kinesio taping for males with lumbar discopathy. Design • The research team designed a pilot randomized trial with concealed allocation, assessor blinding, and intention-to-treat analysis...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607423/growth-of-high-quality-bi2sr2-cacu2o8-%C3%AE-whiskers-and-electrical-properties-of-resulting-exfoliated-flakes
#2
Apoorv Jindal, Digambar A Jangade, Nikhil Kumar, Jaykumar Vaidya, Ipsita Das, Rudheer Bapat, Jayesh Parmar, Bhagyashree A Chalke, Arumugam Thamizhavel, Mandar M Deshmukh
In this work, we demonstrate a simple technique to grow high-quality whiskers of Bi2 Sr2 CaCu2 O8+δ - a high T c superconductor. Structural analysis shows the single-crystalline nature of the grown whiskers. To probe electrical properties, we exfoliate these whiskers into thin flakes (~50 nm thick) using the scotch-tape technique and develop a process to realize good electrical contacts. We observe a superconducting critical temperature, T c , of 86 K. We map the evolution of the critical current as a function of temperature...
June 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599830/normative-left-ventricular-m-mode-echocardiographic-values-in-preterm-infants-up-to-2-kg
#3
Swati Choudhry, Amber Salter, Tyler W Cunningham, Philip T Levy, Hoang H Nguyen, Michael Wallendorf, Gautam K Singh, Mark C Johnson
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of normative echocardiographic data in preterm infants. The objectives of this study were to (1) derive left ventricular (LV) M-mode reference values and (2) compare the performance of alternative methods of indexing LV dimensions and LV mass (LVM) in preterm infants. The authors propose that indexing LV measures to weight in preterm infants is a practical approach given the variability associated with tape-measure length measurement in infants. METHODS: In this retrospective study, LV M-mode echocardiographic measurements of end-diastolic interventricular septal thickness, end-diastolic LV posterior wall thickness, LV end-diastolic and end-systolic dimensions, LVM, and relative wall thickness were remeasured in 503 hospitalized preterm infants ≤2 kg (372 from a retrospective sample and 131 prospectively enrolled)...
June 6, 2017: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593098/reliability-and-validity-of-a-biomechanically-based-analysis-method-for-the-tennis-serve
#4
Natalie L Myers, W Ben Kibler, Leah Lamborn, Belinda J Smith, Tony English, Cale Jacobs, Tim L Uhl
BACKGROUND: An observational tennis serve analysis (OTSA) tool was developed using previously established body positions from three-dimensional kinematic motion analysis studies. These positions, defined as nodes, have been associated with efficient force production and minimal joint loading. However, the tool has yet to be examined scientifically. PURPOSE: The primary purpose of this investigation was to determine the inter-observer reliability for each node between two health care professionals (HCPs) that developed the OTSA, and secondarily to investigate the validity of the OTSA...
June 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572086/functional-morphology-of-the-lower-esophageal-sphincter-and-crural-diaphragm-determined-by-3-d-high-resolution-pressure-profile-ct-imaging
#5
Ravinder K Mittal, Ali Zifan, Dushyant Kumar, Melissa Ledgerwood-Lee, Erika Ruppert, Gary Ghahremani
The lower esophageal sphincter (LES) and crural diaphragm (CD) provide the closure mechanism at esophago-gastric junction (EGJ). We used CT imaging in combination with 3D EGJ pressure recordings to determine the functional morphology of the LES and CD and its relationship to the EGJ anatomy. A 3D-HRM catheter recorded the EGJ pressure in 10 healthy subjects. A 0.5 mm diameter metal ball (BB) was taped to the catheter, adjacent to transducer #1. The EGJ pressure was recorded under following conditions; 1) end-expiration (LES pressure) a) before swallow, b) after swallow, and 2) peak inspiration (CD contraction) c) tidal inspiration and d) forced inspiration...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541833/novel-hybrid-composite-discharge-electrode-for-electrostatic-precipitator
#6
M Ali, K Alam, Y T A Al-Majali, M Kennedy
Over the last few decades, electrostatic precipitators (ESP) have emerged as effective air pollution control devices for treating Coal-fired power plant exhausts. Among the components of the ESP, the discharge electrodes are extremely important in determining the collection efficiency of the ESP. Typically, in wet electrostatic precipitators, the discharge electrodes used must be made of corrosion resistant alloys, which makes them extremely expensive and heavy. Hybrid composite discharge electrodes have the potential to be lightweight and corrosion resistant substitute for traditional metal alloy electrodes used in wet electrostatic precipitators (WESP)...
May 25, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28517733/comparison-of-the-measuring-efficacy-of-transepidermal-water-loss-of-a-reasonably-priced-portable-closed-chamber-system-device-h4500-with-that-of-rather-expensive-conventional-devices-such-as-tewameter-%C3%A2-and-vapometer-%C3%A2
#7
K Kikuchi, M Asano, H Tagami, M Kato, S Aiba
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Although measuring transepidermal water loss (TEWL) is important to assess the barrier function of the stratum corneum (SC), the commercially available instruments are rather expensive. Recently launched Model H4500 employs a closed-chamber system to measure TEWL and is more reasonably priced compared to devices currently in general use. METHODS: To check the reproducibility of the obtained data with H4500, we conducted measurements on the volar forearms of healthy volunteers and compared these data with those measured with Vapometer(®) and Tewameter(®) ...
May 18, 2017: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451818/a-mass-spectrometry-based-forensic-toolbox-for-imaging-and-detecting-biological-fluid-evidence-in-finger-marks-and-fingernail-scrapings
#8
Sathisha Kamanna, Julianne Henry, Nicolas H Voelcker, Adrian Linacre, K Paul Kirkbride
During a crime, biological material such as blood or vaginal fluid may become smeared on the fingers of the victim or suspect or trapped under their fingernails. The type of trapped fluid is extremely valuable forensic information. Furthermore, if either person touches an object at the crime scene with their 'contaminated' finger then a 'contaminated' finger mark may be deposited. Such marks have great value as they could identify not only who deposited the mark but also who they touched and which part of the body they touched...
April 27, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447184/electromyographic-evaluation-of-high-intensity-elastic-resistance-exercises-for-lower-extremity-muscles-during-bed-rest
#9
Jonas Vinstrup, Sebastian Skals, Joaquin Calatayud, Markus Due Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Matheus Daros Pinto, Mikel Izquierdo, Yuling Wang, Mette K Zebis, Lars Louis Andersen
PURPOSE: Prolonged hospital bed rest after severe injury or disease leads to rapid muscle atrophy and strength loss. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lower extremity strengthening exercises using elastic resistance that can be performed while lying in a hospital bed. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 22 healthy individuals performed three consecutive repetitions of 14 different lower extremity exercises using elastic resistance, with a perceived intensity corresponding to 8 on the Borg CR-10 scale...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435914/factors-predictive-of-topographical-accuracy-in-spine-level-localization
#10
Jin W Tee, Joost Rutges, Travis Marion, John Street, Scott Paquette, Tamir Ailon, Brian K Kwon, Marcel Dvorak, Michael Boyd
BACKGROUND: Pre-operative spine level localization by palpation of anatomical landmarks (ribs, spinous processes) in posterior approaches for surgeries from T4 to L2 is often inaccurate. This can lead to ineffective utilization of procedural time, increased radiation dose, potentially longer skin incision and wrong level surgery. Factors affecting topographical accuracy includes body mass index (BMI) of the patient, congenital or acquired deformity and knowledge of topographical anatomy...
March 2017: Journal of Spine Surgery (Hong Kong)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435728/crystal-structures-of-the-schiff-base-derivatives-e-n-1h-indol-3-yl-methyl-idene-isonicotino-hydrazide-ethanol-monosolvate-and-e-n-methyl-2-1-2-oxo-2h-chromen-3-yl-ethyl-idene-hydrazinecarbo-thio-amide
#11
Sivaraj Saranya, Jebiti Haribabu, Nattamai S P Bhuvanesh, Ramasamy Karvembu, Dasararaju Gayathri
The crystal structures of two title Schiff base derivatives, C15H12N4O·C2H6O (1·EtOH) and C13H13N3O2S (2), were determined at 110 and 100 K, respectively. In the crystal of compound 1·EtOH, the (E)-N'-[(1H-indol-3-yl)methyl-idene]isonicotinohydrazide and ethanol mol-ecules are linked by O-H⋯O, N-H⋯O and N-H⋯N hydrogen bonds, forming a tape structure running along the b-axis direction. The tapes are weakly linked via a C-H⋯N inter-action. In the crystal of compound 2, (E)-N-methyl-2-[1-(2-oxo-2H-chromen-3-yl)ethyl-idene]hydrazinecarbo-thio-amide mol-ecules are linked via N-H⋯O and C-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming a helical chain along the b-axis direction...
April 1, 2017: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435196/hemato-biochemical-alterations-and-urinalysis-in-dogs-suffering-from-benign-prostatic-hyperplasia
#12
M R Das, R C Patra, R K Das, P K Rath, B P Mishra
AIM: The study was designed to evaluate the hemato-biochemical alterations, urinalysis along with histomorphological and histological changes of prostate glands in dogs affected with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in and around Bhubaneswar, Odisha, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In toto, 445 dogs presented to the Teaching Veterinary Clinical Complex of the College of Veterinary Sciences and Animal Husbandry, one Government Veterinary Hospital and two pet clinics in and around Bhubaneswar screened for the presence of BPH...
March 2017: Veterinary World
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28406937/cost-and-time-effective-method-for-multi-scale-measures-of-rugosity-fractal-dimension-and-vector-dispersion-from-coral-reef-3d-models
#13
G C Young, S Dey, A D Rogers, D Exton
We present a method to construct and analyse 3D models of underwater scenes using a single cost-effective camera on a standard laptop with (a) free or low-cost software, (b) no computer programming ability, and (c) minimal man hours for both filming and analysis. This study focuses on four key structural complexity metrics: point-to-point distances, linear rugosity (R), fractal dimension (D), and vector dispersion (1/k). We present the first assessment of accuracy and precision of structure-from-motion (SfM) 3D models from an uncalibrated GoPro™ camera at a small scale (4 m2) and show that they can provide meaningful, ecologically relevant results...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398070/psychosocial-factors-and-oral-health-practices-of-preschool-aged-children-a-qualitative-study-with-hispanic-mothers
#14
T L Finlayson, N Y Beltran, K Becerra
OBJECTIVE: This qualitative study sought to gain an in-depth understanding of Hispanic mother's parenting experiences and perceptions about select psychosocial factors. How psychosocial factors influence mothers' engagement in recommended oral health-related behaviors for their preschool-aged children (3-5 years) was explored. Psychosocial resources and barriers explored included maternal knowledge about children's oral health, beliefs such as perceived self-efficacy and health locus of control, and parenting experience and stress...
April 11, 2017: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28396369/the-one-in-a-million-study-creating-a-database-of-uk-primary-care-consultations
#15
Marcus Jepson, Chris Salisbury, Matthew J Ridd, Chris Metcalfe, Ludivine Garside, Rebecca K Barnes
BACKGROUND: Around 1 million primary care consultations happen in England every day. Despite this, much of what happens in these visits remains a 'black box'. AIM: To create an archive of videotaped consultations and linked data based on a large sample of routine face-to-face doctor-patient consultations with consent for use in future research and training. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional study in 12 general practices in the west of England, UK...
May 2017: British Journal of General Practice: the Journal of the Royal College of General Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374611/laser-induced-breakdown-spectroscopy-for-the-rapid-characterization-of-lead-free-gunshot-residues
#16
Lashaundra A Fambro, Deidre D Vandenbos, Matthew B Rosenberg, Christopher R Dockery
This study investigated the use of laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) and scanning electron microscopy energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDX) as means of characterizing gunshot residue (GSR) originating from commercially available lead-free rounds. Data from two experiments are presented in this work. One experiment focused on identifying prominent analytical markers present in lead-free GSR by LIBS while the other applied SEM-EDX to determine the degree of evidence preservation after LIBS analysis...
April 2017: Applied Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372745/microbial-and-size-characterization-of-airborne-particulate-matter-collected-on-sticky-tapes-along-us-mexico-border
#17
Amir González-Delgado, Manoj K Shukla, David W DuBois, Juan P Flores-Márgez, Joel A Hernández Escamilla, Evangelina Olivas
Particulate matter (PM) emissions from various sources can affect significantly human health and environmental quality especially in the Chihuahuan Desert region along US-Mexico border. The objective of this study was to use the low-cost sticky tape method to collect airborne PM for size characterization and identification of fungal spores. Sticky tape samplers were placed at 1.0 and 2.0m above the ground surface at experimental sites in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico and at 0.6, 1.2 and 1.8m at New Mexico sites, USA...
March 2017: Journal of Environmental Sciences (China)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360455/a-feasibility-study-of-high-strength-bi-2223-conductor-for-high-field-solenoids
#18
A Godeke, D V Abraimov, E Arroyo, N Barret, M D Bird, A Francis, J Jaroszynski, D V Kurteva, W D Markiewicz, E L Marks, W S Marshall, D M McRae, P D Noyes, R C P Pereira, Y L Viouchkov, R P Walsh, J M White
We performed a feasibility study on a high-strength Bi2-x Pb x Sr2Ca2Cu3O10-x (Bi-2223) tape conductor for high-field solenoid applications. The investigated conductor, DI-BSCCO Type HT-XX, is a pre-production version of Type HT-NX, which has recently become available from Sumitomo Electric Industries (SEI). It is based on their DI-BSCCO Type H tape, but laminated with a high-strength Ni-alloy. We used stress-strain characterizations, single- and double-bend tests, easy- and hard-way bent coil-turns at various radii, straight and helical samples in up to 31...
March 2017: Superconductor Science & Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282245/live-with-the-disease-like-you-used-to-before-you-knew-you-were-infected-a-qualitative-study-among-10-year-survivors-living-with-hiv-in-haiti
#19
Samuel Pierre, Vanessa Riviera, Circee Phara Jean, Marie Jude Jean Louis, Lindsey K Reif, Patrice Severe, Vanessa Rouzier, Warren D Johnson, Jean W Pape, Daniel W Fitzgerald, Margaret L McNairy, Carla Boutin-Foster
In 2003, the Haitian Study Group on Kaposi's Sarcoma and Opportunistic Infections (GHESKIO), a nonprofit organization, began administering antiretroviral therapy (ART) to its patients. This practice transformed HIV from a fatal disease to a more manageable chronic condition. However, relatively few studies focus on the experiences of survivors. This study provided a unique opportunity to interview patients who survived at least 10 years after being treated with ART at GHESKIO. The goal of the study was to elicit from patients their perspectives on what enabled them to survive with AIDS...
March 2017: AIDS Patient Care and STDs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254516/relationship-between-teach-back-and-patient-centered-communication-in-primary-care-pediatric-encounters
#20
Adam Badaczewski, Laurie J Bauman, Arthur E Blank, Benard Dreyer, Mary Ann Abrams, Ruth E K Stein, Debra L Roter, Jobayer Hossain, Hal Byck, Iman Sharif
OBJECTIVE: We proposed and tested a theoretical framework for how use of Teach-back could influence communication during the pediatric clinical encounter. METHODS: Audio-taped pediatric primary care encounters with 44 children with asthma were coded using the Roter Interaction Analysis System to measure patient-centered communication and affective engagement of the parent. A newly created Teach-back Loop Score measured the extent to which Teach-back occurred during the clinical encounter; parental health literacy was measured by Newest Vital Sign...
July 2017: Patient Education and Counseling
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