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Valentyna О Sklyarova
OBJECTIVE: The aim: The purpose of this study is to analyze the frequency and structure of parasitic lesion in women with reproductive health disorders. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The immune-enzyme method tested immunoglobulins IgG to ascaris, lamblia, toxocara. Determination of the presence of pinworm eggs (sticky tape and perianal scrape method) and ascarid (methods of K.Cato, F.Fueleborna and E.S.Schulman). RESULTS: Results: In women with complicated obstetric anamnesis, parasitic invasions occurred in (52...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
K Osahon Ogbeide, Rajesh Kumar, Mujeeb-Ur-Rehman, Bodunde Owolabi, Abiodun Falodun, M Iqbal Choudhary, Sammer Yousuf
The title compound, C29 H36 O5 , a cassane-type diterpenoid {systematic name: (4a R ,5 R ,6 R ,6a S ,7 R ,11a S ,11b R )-4a,6-dihy-droxy-4,4,7,11b-tetra-methyl-1,2,3,4,4a,5,6,6a,7,11,11a,11b-dodeca-hydro-phenanthro[3,2- b ]furan-5-yl 3-phenyl-prop-2-enoate}, was isolated from a medicinally important plant, Caesalpinia pulcherrima (Fabaceae). In the mol-ecule, three cyclo-hexane rings are trans -fused and adopt chair, chair and half-chair conformations. In the crystal, mol-ecules are linked via O-H⋯O hydrogen bonds, forming a tape structure along the b- axis direction...
March 1, 2018: Acta Crystallographica. Section E, Crystallographic Communications
Yohei Ono, Denis A Joly, Gail M Thornton, Ian K Y Lo
BACKGROUND: High-strength sutures, including #2 and tape-type, are popular when performing arthroscopic rotator cuff repair. Although the most common mechanism of anatomic failure of rotator cuff repair is suture pulling through tendon, the effect of sutures on the suture-tendon interface has rarely been investigated. We evaluated the effect of commercially available modern high-strength standard #2 and tape-type sutures on tendon. METHODS: Isolated sutures (FiberTape, #2 FiberWire [Arthrex Inc...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
Abida Rehman, Amit Delori, David S Hughes, William Jones
Pharmaceutical salt solvates (dimethyl sulfoxide, DMSO) of the drug triamterene with the coformers acetic, succinic, adipic, pimelic, azelaic and nicotinic acid and ibuprofen are prepared by liquid-assisted grinding and solvent-evaporative crystallization. The modified Δp K a rule as proposed by Cruz-Cabeza [(2012 ▸). CrystEngComm , 14 , 6362-6365] is in close agreement with the results of this study. All adducts were characterized by X-ray diffraction and thermal analytical techniques, including single-crystal X-ray diffraction, powder X-ray diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry and thermal gravimetric analysis...
May 1, 2018: IUCrJ
Steven B Heymsfield, Brianna Bourgeois, Bennett K Ng, Markus J Sommer, Xin Li, John A Shepherd
Anthropometry, Greek for human measurement, is a tool widely used across many scientific disciplines. Clinical nutrition applications include phenotyping subjects across the lifespan for assessing growth, body composition, response to treatments, and predicting health risks. The simple anthropometric tools such as flexible measuring tapes and calipers are now being supplanted by rapidly developing digital technology devices. These systems take many forms, but excitement today surrounds the introduction of relatively low cost three-dimensional optical imaging methods that can be used in research, clinical, and even home settings...
May 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Philip C Michael, Jiho Lee, John Voccio, Juan Bascuñán, Seungyong Hahn, Yukikazu Iwasa
We present design and test results for a thermally-activated persistent-current switch (PCS) applied to a double pancake (DP) coil (151 mm ID, 172 mm OD), wound, using the no-insulation (NI) technique, from a 120-m long, 76-μm thick, 6-mm wide REBCO tape. For the experiments reported in this paper, the NI DP assembly was immersed in a volume of solid nitrogen (SN2), cooled to a base temperature of 10 K by conduction to a two-stage cryocooler, and energized at up to 630 A. The DP assembly operated in quasi-persistent mode, with the conductor tails soldered together to form a close-out joint with resistance below 6 nΩ...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity: a Publication of the IEEE Superconductivity Committee
Goran Majkic, Rudra Pratap, Aixia Xu, Eduard Galstyan, Venkat Selvamanickam
An Advanced MOCVD (A-MOCVD) reactor was used to deposit 4.8 µm thick (Gd,Y)BaCuO tapes with 15 mol% Zr addition in a single pass. A record-high critical current density (J c ) of 15.11 MA/cm2 has been measured over a bridge at 30 K, 3T, corresponding to an equivalent (I c ) value of 8705 A/12 mm width. This corresponds to a lift factor in critical current of ~11 which is the highest ever reported to the best of author's knowledge. The measured critical current densities at 3T (B||c) and 30, 40 and 50 K, respectively, are 15...
May 3, 2018: Scientific Reports
Jiho Lee, Dongkeun Park, Philip C Michael, So Noguchi, Juan Bascuñán, Yukikazu Iwasa
In this paper, we present experimental results, of a small-model study, from which we plan to develop and apply a full-scale field-shaking system to reduce the screening current-induced field (SCF) in the 800-MHz HTS Insert (H800) of the MIT 1.3-GHz LTS/HTS NMR magnet (1.3G) currently under construction-the H800 is composed of 3 nested coils, each a stack of no-insulation (NI) REBCO double-pancakes. In 1.3G, H800 is the chief source of a large error field generated by its own SCF. To study the effectiveness of the field-shaking technique, we used two NI REBCO double-pancakes, one from Coil 2 (HCoil2) and one from Coil 3 (HCoil3) of the 3 H800 coils, and placed them in the bore of a 5-T/300-mm room-temperature bore low-temperature superconducting (LTS) background magnet...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity: a Publication of the IEEE Superconductivity Committee
Katherine Farash, Erin K Hanson, Jack Ballantyne
The ability to obtain DNA profiles from trace biological evidence is routinely demonstrated with so-called 'touch DNA evidence', which is generally perceived to be the result of DNA obtained from shed skin cells transferred from a donor's hands to an object or person during direct physical contact. Current methods for the recovery of trace DNA employ swabs or adhesive tape to sample an area of interest. While of practical utility, such 'blind-swabbing' approaches will necessarily co-sample cellular material from the different individuals whose cells are present on the item, even though the individuals' cells are principally located in topographically dispersed, but distinct, locations on the item...
May 2018: Science & Justice: Journal of the Forensic Science Society
Dongkeun Park, Juan Bascuñán, Philip C Michael, Jiho Lee, Seungyong Hahn, Yukikazu Iwasa
We present construction and test results of Coils 2 and 3 of a 3-coil 800-MHz REBCO insert (H800) for the MIT 1.3 GHz LTS/HTS NMR magnet currently under construction. Each of three H800 coils (Coils 1-3) is a stack of no-insulation REBCO double pancakes (DPs). The innermost 8.67-T Coil 1 (26 DPs) was completed in 2016; the middle 5.64-T Coil 2 (32 DPs) has been wound, assembled, and tested; and for the outermost 4.44-T Coil 3, its 38 DPs have been wound and preliminary tests were performed to characterize each DP at 77 K...
April 2018: IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity: a Publication of the IEEE Superconductivity Committee
Louise Giansante, Josilene C Santos, Nancy K Umisedo, Ricardo A Terini, Paulo R Costa
This study describes the characterization of an Al2 O3 :C OSLD (Landauer's Luxel™ tape) for dose evaluation in Computed Tomography. The irradiations were conducted using both a constant potential X-ray equipment and a 64-slice clinical CT scanner, and the readouts were performed using a Risø TL/OSL reader. The following aspects were studied: batch homogeneity, energy response, linearity of dose response, reproducibility, reusability, and effect of uncertainties with the normalization of OSL signals per their response to beta radiation...
March 2018: Physica Medica: PM
Chaoyi Peng, Zhuyang Chen, Manish K Tiwari
Superhydrophobicity is a remarkable evolutionary adaption manifested by several natural surfaces. Artificial superhydrophobic coatings with good mechanical robustness, substrate adhesion and chemical robustness have been achieved separately. However, a simultaneous demonstration of these features along with resistance to liquid impalement via high-speed drop/jet impact is challenging. Here, we describe all-organic, flexible superhydrophobic nanocomposite coatings that demonstrate strong mechanical robustness under cyclic tape peels and Taber abrasion, sustain exposure to highly corrosive media, namely aqua regia and sodium hydroxide solutions, and can be applied to surfaces through scalable techniques such as spraying and brushing...
April 2018: Nature Materials
K A Engebretsen, S Kezic, C Riethmüller, J Franz, I Jakasa, A Hedengran, A Linneberg, J D Johansen, J P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: During the winter in northern countries, the risk of dermatitis is increased due to low temperature and humidity. Dermatitis is particularly common on weather-exposed skin such as the cheeks and hands. Recently, increased numbers of unidentified nanosized protrusions on the corneocyte surface were associated with dermatitis and deficiency of natural moisturizing factor (NMF). OBJECTIVES: To investigate the effect of season on NMF levels and corneocyte surface texture in cheek and hand skin of healthy adults...
March 7, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
Samantha E Kaplan, Christine M Gunn, Anthony K Kulukulualani, Anita Raj, Karen M Freund, Phyllis L Carr
BACKGROUND: Despite individual and institutional awareness of the inequity in retention, promotion and leadership of racially and ethnically underrepresented minority faculty in academic medicine, the number of such faculty remains unacceptably low. The authors explored challenges to the recruitment, retention and promotion of underrepresented faculty among a sample of leaders at academic medical centers. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted from 2011 to 2012 with 44 senior faculty leaders, predominantly members of the Group on Diversity and Inclusion (GDI) and/or the Group on Women in Medical Sciences (GWIMS), at the 24 randomly selected medical schools of the National Faculty Survey of 1995...
February 2018: Journal of the National Medical Association
Anil K Garg, Seema Garg
Context: The evidence suggests that our perception of physical beauty is based on how closely the features of one's face reflect phi (the golden ratio) in their proportions. By that extension, it must certainly be possible to use a mathematical parameter to design an anterior hairline in all faces. Aim: To establish a user-friendly method to design an anterior hairline in cases of male pattern alopecia. Materials and Methods: We need a flexible measuring tape and skin marker...
October 2017: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
K A Engebretsen, S Kezic, I Jakasa, A Hedengran, A Linneberg, L Skov, J D Johansen, J P Thyssen
BACKGROUND: Epidermal deficiency of filaggrin, and the derived natural moisturizing factors (NMF), is associated with increased risk of atopic dermatitis (AD). While filaggrin gene mutations cause filaggrin deficiency, there is limited insight in causative environmental factors. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of selected exogenous skin stressors on NMF and skin cytokines levels in healthy adult epidermis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: 40 healthy volunteers (18-49 years) were exposed to hard, soft, and chlorinated water, 0...
February 27, 2018: British Journal of Dermatology
J L Smith, P Bertone, K M Carpenter, R M Wain, M-C Hu, P C Amrhein, E V Nunes
Motivational Interviewing (MI) is an evidence-based practice shown to be effective when working with people in treatment for substance use disorders. However, MI is a complex treatment modality optimized by training with feedback. Feedback, assessment and monitoring of treatment fidelity require measurement, which is typically done using audiotaped sessions. The gold standard for such measurement of MI skill has been an audiotaped interview, scored by a rater with a detailed structured instrument such as the Motivational Interviewing Treatment Integrity 2...
April 2018: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
L Amsallem, J Pierrart, T Bihel, J Sekri, T Lafosse, E Masmejean, D Delgrande
BACKGROUND: Fifth metacarpal neck fractures (boxer's fractures) are common injuries that contribute 20% of all hand fractures. Divergent percutaneous pinning (bouquet fixation) as described by Foucher has gained popularity but is challenging and at times arduous, as it requires the insertion of several slender K-wires into a narrow medullary canal. Here, we report on a simplified technique in which a single thick K-wire is inserted. TECHNIQUE: An 18/10 K-wire is bent at one end then mounted on a drill chuck...
April 2018: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
Hongjun Ma, Huajun Liu, Fang Liu, Huahui Zhang, Lu Ci, Yi Shi, Lei Lei
High-Temperature Superconductors (HTS) are potential materials for high-field magnets, low-loss transmission cables, and Superconducting Magnetic Energy Storage (SMES) due to their high upper critical magnetic field (Hc2 ) and critical temperature (Tc ). The critical current (Ic ) of HTS, which is one of the most important parameters for superconductor application, depends strongly on the magnetic fields and temperatures. A new Ic measurement system that can carry out accurate Ic measurement for HTS short samples with various temperatures (4...
January 2018: Review of Scientific Instruments
S-H Lee, S-H Jun, J Yeom, S-G Park, C-K Lee, N-G Kang
BACKGROUND: The interaction between light and the skin determine how the skin looks to the human eye. Light can be absorbed, scattered, and reflected by different components of the skin in a variety of different ways. Here, we focus on the scattering properties of the outmost layer, the stratum corneum (SC). However, we currently have limited methods with which to distinguish the scattering of light by SC from the changes due to other components of the skin. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Dark-field images of tape-striped corneocytes were used in vitro to study the differences in light scattered by the SC and other skin components...
January 28, 2018: Skin Research and Technology
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