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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074570/development-of-the-sbirt-checklist-for-observation-in-real-time-score
#1
Janice A Vendetti, Bonnie G McRee, Frances K Del Boca
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) programs have been implemented widely in medical settings, with little attention focused on how well providers adhere to evidence-based service delivery in everyday practice. The purposes of this paper were to: (1) introduce a flexible, relatively simple methodology, the SBIRT Checklist for Observation in Real-time (SCORe), to assess adherence to evidence-based practice and provide preliminary evidence supporting its criterion validity; and (2) illustrate the feasibility and potential utility of the SCORe by analyzing observations of providers within four large-scale SBIRT programs in the United States...
February 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069155/communicating-with-patients-from-minority-backgrounds-individual-challenges-experienced-by-oncology-health-professionals
#2
Kaaren J Watts, Bettina Meiser, Elvira Zilliacus, Rajneesh Kaur, Mona Taouk, Afaf Girgis, Phyllis Butow, David Goldstein, Sandra Hale, Astrid Perry, Sanchia K Aranda, David W Kissane
PURPOSE: Oncology health professionals (HPs) are increasingly required to care for patients from minority backgrounds. Yet many HPs have not had formal training in how to communicate effectively in culturally diverse settings. More information is needed about the challenges that oncology HPs face in communicating with minority patients to inform the content of formal training programs. This qualitative study aimed to identify oncology nurses' and oncologists' individual experiences and challenges in communicating with patients from minority backgrounds...
February 2017: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008987/a-bio-enabled-maximally-mild-layer-by-layer-kapton-surface-modification-approach-for-the-fabrication-of-all-inkjet-printed-flexible-electronic-devices
#3
Yunnan Fang, Jimmy G D Hester, Wenjing Su, Justin H Chow, Suresh K Sitaraman, Manos M Tentzeris
A bio-enabled, environmentally-friendly, and maximally mild layer-by-layer approach has been developed to surface modify inherently hydrophobic Kapton HN substrates to allow for great printability of both water- and organic solvent-based inks thus facilitating the full-inkjet-printing of flexible electronic devices. Different from the traditional Kapton surface modification approaches which are structure-compromising and use harsh conditions to target, and oxidize and/or remove part of, the surface polyimide of Kapton, the present Kapton surface modification approach targeted the surface electric charges borne by its additive particles, and was not only the first to utilize environmentally-friendly clinical biomolecules to build up a thin film of protamine-heparin complex on Kapton, but also the first to be conducted under minimally destructive and maximally mild conditions...
December 23, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998691/influence-of-the-skin-barrier-on-the-penetration-of-topically-applied-dexamethasone-probed-by-soft-x-ray-spectromicroscopy
#4
K Yamamoto, A Klossek, R Flesch, F Rancan, M Weigand, I Bykova, M Bechtel, S Ahlberg, A Vogt, U Blume-Peytavi, P Schrade, S Bachmann, S Hedtrich, M Schäfer-Korting, E Rühl
The penetration of dexamethasone into human skin ex vivo is reported. X-ray microscopy is used for label-free probing of the drug and quantification of the local drug concentration with a spatial resolution reaching 70±5 nm. This is accomplished by selective probing the dexamethasone by X-ray absorption. Varying the penetration time between 10 min and 1000 min provides detailed information on the penetration process. In addition, the stratum corneum has been damaged by tape-stripping in order to determine the importance of this barrier regarding temporally resolved drug penetration profiles...
December 17, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27956654/adapting-and-evaluating-a-rapid-low-cost-method-to-enumerate-flies-in-the-household-setting
#5
Marlene K Wolfe, Holly N Dentz, Beryl Achando, MaryAnne Mureithi, Tim Wolfe, Clair Null, Amy J Pickering
Diarrhea is a leading cause of death among children under 5 years of age worldwide. Flies are important vectors of diarrheal pathogens in settings lacking networked sanitation services. There is no standardized method for measuring fly density in households; many methods are cumbersome and unvalidated. We adapted a rapid, low-cost fly enumeration technique previously developed for industrial settings, the Scudder fly grill, for field use in household settings. We evaluated its performance in comparison to a sticky tape fly trapping method at latrine and food preparation areas among households in rural Kenya...
December 12, 2016: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27924913/thermal-alternating-polymer-nanocomposite-tapnc-coating-designed-to-prevent-aerodynamic-insect-fouling
#6
Ilker S Bayer, K Ghokulla Krishnan, Robert Robison, Eric Loth, Douglas H Berry, Thomas E Farrell, Jeffrey D Crouch
Insect residue adhesion to moving surfaces such as turbine blades and aircraft not only causes surface contamination problems but also increases drag on these surfaces. Insect fouling during takeoff, climb and landing can result in increased drag and fuel consumption for aircraft with laminar-flow surfaces. Hence, certain topographical and chemical features of non-wettable surfaces need to be designed properly for preventing insect residue accumulation on surfaces. In this work, we developed a superhydrophobic coating that is able to maintain negligible levels of insect residue after 100 high speed (50 m/s) insect impact events produced in a wind tunnel...
December 7, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915190/gunshot-residue-and-brakepads-compositional-and-morphological-considerations-for-forensic-casework
#7
William Tucker, Nick Lucas, Kelsey E Seyfang, K Paul Kirkbride, Rachel S Popelka-Filcoff
Previous research has raised the possibility that automotive brake pads can produce particles that are both compositionally and morphologically similar to gunshot residue (GSR). These studies, published in the early 2000s, coincided with the reduction or removal of unnecessary sources of lead from the automotive industry. The question therefore arises whether modern brake pads might still be a relevant source of 'GSR-like' particles. In the present study, a total of 75 brake pads taken from a range of cars currently on the road in Adelaide, South Australia, were collected from service centres...
November 23, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897018/-ultrasound-comparison-of-adjustable-single-incision-ajust-and-transobturator-tapes-to-assess-post-operative-fixation-and-function-and-clinical-efficacy
#8
F Farhat, K Švabík, P Hubka, A Martan, J Mašata
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare fixation and mobility of adjustable single-incision (Ajust) and standard transobturator midurethral sling (TVT-O) tapes based on postoperative ultrasound monitoring of the position of the tape at rest and at maximal Valsava (tape descent). The hypothesis was that fixation of SIMS Ajust is comparable to that achieved by the standard transobturator midurethral sling. SETTING: Gynecology and Obstetrics Department, GUH and 1st Charles University Prague; Gynecology and Obstetrics Department Masarykova nemocnice Ústí nad Labem...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894032/clinical-outcomes-in-women-undergoing-laparoscopic-hysteropexy-a-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
R Nair, K I Nikolopoulos, L S Claydon
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the current evidence on the anatomic and functional outcomes in women undergoing laparoscopic hysteropexy. STUDY DESIGN: An electronic database search was undertaken (2000-2016). Keywords were: "laparoscopy", "hysteropexy", "cervicopexy", "uterine suspension", "uterosacral plication". References of identified studies as well as abstracts from conferences were considered. We restricted the search to humans, female patients and currently used surgical procedures...
January 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864988/time-to-question-diabetes-self-management-support-for-arabic-speaking-migrants-exploring-a-new-model-of-care
#10
H Alzubaidi, K Mc Namara, C Browning
AIM: The objective of this study was to explore a new model for diabetes self-management support in Arabic-speaking migrants. METHODS: Two qualitative methods were used: face-to-face semi-structured individual interviews and focus groups. Interviews were audio-taped, transcribed verbatim and coded thematically. Arabic-speaking migrants with Type 2 diabetes were recruited from several primary, secondary and tertiary healthcare settings in metropolitan Melbourne, Australia...
November 16, 2016: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27833118/enhanced-critical-current-in-p-doped-bafe2as2-thin-films-on-metal-substrates-arising-from-poorly-aligned-grain-boundaries
#11
Hikaru Sato, Hidenori Hiramatsu, Toshio Kamiya, Hideo Hosono
Thin films of the iron-based superconductor BaFe2(As1-xPx)2 (Ba122:P) were fabricated on polycrystalline metal-tape substrates with two kinds of in-plane grain boundary alignments (well aligned (4°) and poorly aligned (8°)) by pulsed laser deposition. The poorly aligned substrate is not applicable to cuprate-coated conductors because the in-plane alignment >4° results in exponential decay of the critical current density (Jc). The Ba122:P film exhibited higher Jc at 4 K when grown on the poorly aligned substrate than on the well-aligned substrate even though the crystallinity was poorer...
November 11, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824369/proteomics-profiling-of-interactome-dynamics-by-colocalisation-analysis-cola
#12
Faraz K Mardakheh, Heba Z Sailem, Sandra Kümper, Christopher J Tape, Ryan R McCully, Angela Paul, Sara Anjomani-Virmouni, Claus Jørgensen, George Poulogiannis, Christopher J Marshall, Chris Bakal
Localisation and protein function are intimately linked in eukaryotes, as proteins are localised to specific compartments where they come into proximity of other functionally relevant proteins. Significant co-localisation of two proteins can therefore be indicative of their functional association. We here present COLA, a proteomics based strategy coupled with a bioinformatics framework to detect protein-protein co-localisations on a global scale. COLA reveals functional interactions by matching proteins with significant similarity in their subcellular localisation signatures...
December 20, 2016: Molecular BioSystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805415/determination-of-natural-moisturizing-factors-in-the-skin-raman-microspectroscopy-versus-hplc
#13
S A Koppes, P Kemperman, I van Tilburg, F Calkoen-Kwa, K A Engebretsen, G J Puppels, P J Caspers, S Kezic
BACKGROUND: Natural moisturizing factors (NMF) is used as genotypic and phenotypic biomarker in diagnostics. This study is a side-to-side comparison of two different methods to determine NMF in atopic dermatitis patients: Raman microspectroscopy and stratum corneum tape stripping followed by HPLC. RESULTS: Measured NMF values were significantly correlated (R2 = 0.61; P < 0.0001), both methods demonstrated a concentration-depth dependence of NMF and reduced NMF levels in the carriers of filaggrin null mutations...
November 2, 2016: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27800639/measurement-of-skin-surface-biomakers-by-transdermal-analyses-patch-following-different-in-vivo-models-of-irritation-a-pilot-study
#14
D Falcone, P Spee, K Salk, M Peppelman, P C M van de Kerkhof, P E J van Erp
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: FibroTx Transdermal Analyses Patch (TAP) is a novel technology for non-invasive measurements of protein biomarkers on the skin surface, in vivo. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of TAP in detecting skin surface biomarkers following mild perturbations, in vivo, using two experimental models: tape stripping, mimicking acute barrier disruption, and histamine iontophoresis, mimicking acute and local inflammation at minimal skin barrier insult. METHODS: Tape stripping and histamine iontophoresis were performed in two separate experiments on the volar forearm of healthy volunteers (n = 27 and n = 10, respectively)...
November 1, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789957/breast-cancer-awareness-and-prevention-behavior-among-women-of-delhi-india-identifying-barriers-to-early-detection
#15
Subhojit Dey, Surabhi Sharma, Arti Mishra, Suneeta Krishnan, Jyotsna Govil, Preet K Dhillon
BACKGROUND: Globally, breast cancer (BC) has become the leading cause of mortality in women. Awareness and early detection can curb the growing burden of BC and are the first step in the battle against BC. The aim of this qualitative study was to explore the awareness and perceived barriers concerning the early detection of BC. METHODS: A total of 20 focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted during May 2013-March 2014. Pre-existing themes were used to conduct FGDs; each FGD group consisted of an average of ~10 women (aged ≥18-70 years) who came to participate in a BC awareness workshop...
2016: Breast Cancer: Basic and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27732099/the-development-and-implementation-of-an-electronic-health-record-tool-for-monitoring-metabolic-syndrome-indices-in-patients-with-serious-mental-illness
#16
Ken Nash, Frank Ghinassi, Jaspreet S Brar, Abdulkader Alam, Mary Catherine Bohan, Kalyani Gopalan, Amie Carter, K N Roy Chengappa
OBJECTIVES: 1. A quality performance improvement (QI) project to implement an electronic screening and monitoring tool to record components of the metabolic syndrome (e-MSD) during clinic visits by persons with serious mental illness (SMI). 2. To encourage psychiatrists to use this tool in their documentation. METHODS: Working with the information technology staff, five psychiatrists developed, tested, revised and embedded the e-MSD tool into the medication management document within the electronic health record...
December 0: Clinical Schizophrenia & related Psychoses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698310/effect-of-al-and-ca-co-doping-in-the-presence-of-te-in-superconducting-ybco-whiskers-growth
#17
Lise Pascale, Marco Truccato, Lorenza Operti, Angelo Agostino
High-Tc superconducting cuprates (HTSC) such as YBa2Cu3O7 - x (YBCO) are promising candidates for solid-state THz applications based on stacks of intrinsic Josephson junctions (IJJs) with atomic thickness. In view of future exploitation of IJJs, high-quality superconducting YBCO tape-like single crystals (whiskers) have been synthesized from Ca-Al-doped precursors in the presence of Te. The main aim of this paper is to determine the importance of the simultaneous use of Al, Te and Ca in promoting YBCO whiskers growth with good superconducting properties (Tc = 79-84 K)...
October 1, 2016: Acta Crystallographica Section B, Structural Science, Crystal Engineering and Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695604/-i-need-to-hear-from-women-who-have-been-there-developing-a-woman-focused-intervention-for-drug-use-and-partner-violence-in-the-emergency-department
#18
Esther Choo, K Morrow Guthrie, Michael Mello, Terrie F Wetle, Megan Ranney, Chantal Tapé, Caron Zlotnick
OBJECTIVE: Addressing violence and linking women to community services in parallel with drug change goals is critical for women with coexisting intimate partner violence (IPV) and substance use disorders (SUD). Our objective was to develop a Web-based intervention to address violence and drug use among women patients in the ED. METHODS: The intervention was developed in a five-step process: 1) Initial intervention development based on selected theoretical frameworks; 2) In-depth interviews with the target population; 3) Intervention adaptation, with iterative feedback from further interviews; 4) Beta testing and review by an advisory committee of domestic violence advocates; 5) Acceptability and feasibility testing in a small open trial...
April 2016: Partner Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692185/the-alcohol-intervention-mechanisms-scale-aims-preliminary-reliability-and-validity-of-a-common-factor-observational-rating-measure
#19
M Magill, Timothy R Apodaca, Justin Walthers, Jacques Gaume, Ayla Durst, Richard Longabaugh, Robert L Stout, Kathleen M Carroll
The present work provides an overview, and pilot reliability and validity for the Alcohol Intervention Mechanisms Scale (AIMS). The AIMS measures therapist interventions that occur broadly across modalities of behavioral treatment for alcohol use disorder. It was developed based on identified commonalities in the function rather than content of therapist interventions in observed therapy sessions, as well as from existing observer rating systems. In the AIMS, the primary function areas are: explore (four behavior count codes), teach (five behavior count codes), and connect (three behavior count codes)...
November 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679166/complications-following-outside-in-and-inside-out-transobturator-tape-procedures-with-concomitant-gynecologic-operations
#20
M K Cho, C H Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2015: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
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