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rock tape

Kaikanani Y Woollings, Carly D McKay, Jian Kang, Willem H Meeuwisse, Carolyn A Emery
BACKGROUND: Rock-climbing participation has grown globally in recent years, and the sport was officially recognised by the International Olympic Committee in 2010. The epidemiology of climbing injuries in adults has been examined, but few studies have investigated injury in youth climbers. OBJECTIVE: To examine the incidence, mechanisms and risk factors for injury in recreational and elite sport climbers and boulderers aged 11-19 years. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional...
January 2015: British Journal of Sports Medicine
Hyundoo Hwang, Eung-Kyun Kim, Juhee Park, Pann-Ghill Suh, Yoon-Kyoung Cho
Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA), which is a bioactive phospholipid existing at high level in ascites and plasma of ovarian cancer patients, is known to be involved in cell survival, proliferation, adhesion, and migration. Small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases) such as RhoA and Rac1 are intracellular signaling molecules which affect morphology and chemotactic behavior of cells. In this research, we first investigated roles of RhoA and Rac1 in the LPA-induced chemotaxis of SKOV3 human ovarian cancer cells using a multilevel microfluidic platform...
March 2014: Integrative Biology: Quantitative Biosciences From Nano to Macro
Robert H Rice, Katie M Bradshaw, Blythe P Durbin-Johnson, David M Rocke, Richard A Eigenheer, Brett S Phinney, Matthias Schmuth, Robert Gruber
To explore the usefulness of protein profiling for characterization of ichthyoses, we here determined the profile of human epidermal stratum corneum by shotgun proteomics. Samples were analyzed after collection on tape circles from six anatomic sites (forearm, palm, lower leg, forehead, abdomen, upper back), demonstrating site-specific differences in profiles. Additional samples were collected from the forearms of subjects with ichthyosis vulgaris (filaggrin (FLG) deficiency), recessive X-linked ichthyosis (steroid sulfatase (STS) deficiency) and autosomal recessive congenital ichthyosis type lamellar ichthyosis (transglutaminase 1 (TGM1) deficiency)...
2013: PloS One
Nick A Cutler, Anna E Oliver, Heather A Viles, Andrew S Whiteley
Building stone provides a habitat for an array of microorganisms, many of which have been demonstrated to have a deleterious effect on the appearance and/or structural integrity of stone masonry. It is essential to understand the composition and structure of stone-dwelling (lithobiontic) microbial communities if successful stone conservation strategies are to be applied, particularly in the face of global environmental change. Ideally, the techniques used to sample such assemblages should be non-destructive due to the sensitive conservation status of many stone buildings...
December 2012: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Javier González-Iglesias, Joshua A Cleland, Maria del Rosario Gutierrez-Vega, Cesar Fernández-de-las-Peñas
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this prospective case series was to describe the outcomes of a set of rock climbers with lateral epicondylalgia (LE) treated with manual therapy directed at the cervical spine, elbow, and wrist as well as trigger point (TrP) dry needling and kinesio tape. METHODS: Nine consecutive rock climbers presenting to physical therapy with a diagnosis of LE were included. At baseline, all patients completed the Patient-Rated Tennis Elbow Evaluation and underwent pain pressure threshold testing over the extensor carpi radialis, extensor carpi brevis, brachioradialis, and supinator muscles at baseline, after the third visit (week 3), and at 2-month follow-up...
November 2011: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
Laraine Hood, Jennifer Fenwick, Janice Butt
OBJECTIVES: to describe Australian midwives' experiences of an external review of obstetric services, involvement in legal proceedings and the impact on midwives' clinical practice and personal wellbeing. BACKGROUND: the external review process (commonly referred to as the 'Douglas Inquiry') was initiated by a state government and was in response to hospital staff and consumer complaints that focused on anomalies in client care and a significantly high rate of adverse outcomes and clinical errors...
June 2010: Midwifery
Gulten Erken, Melek Bor Kucukatay, Haydar Ali Erken, Raziye Kursunluoglu, Osman Genc
BACKGROUND: A number of studies have reported physiological effects of music. Different types of music have been found to induce different alterations. Although some physiological and psychological parameters have been demonstrated to be influenced by music, the effect of music on hemorheological parameters such as red blood cell (RBC) deformability and aggregation are unknown. This study aimed at investigating the effects of classical and rock music on hemorheological parameters in rats...
January 2008: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
Isabelle Schoffl, Frank Einwag, Wolf Strecker, Friedrich Hennig, Volker Schoffl
Flexor tendon pulley ruptures are the most common injury in rock climbers. Therapeutic standards usually include a prolonged use of taping applied as a replacement for the lost pulley in a circular fashion at the base of the proximal phalanx. Our biomechanical considerations, however, suggest a new taping method, the H-tape. The purpose of the study is to evaluate whether this new taping method can effectively change the course of the flexor tendon and therefore reduce the tendon-bone distance. In order to compare the effects of different taping methods described in the literature with the newly developed taping method, we performed standardized ultrasound examinations of 8 subjects with singular A2 pulley rupture and multiple pulley ruptures of A2 and A3 pulleys and determined the respective tendon-bone distance for the different taping methods, versus without tape at a preset position on the proximal phalanx...
February 2007: Journal of Applied Biomechanics
Nicola A Smith
The grounding of the container feeder vessel MV CITA on Newfoundland Rocks, Isles of Scilly, had an effect on the surrounding biota and benthic environment. Included in the CITA's cargo were five 40 ft containers holding pallets of polyester film used in the production of audio and visual recording tapes. The wreckage presented a minor but potentially chronic source of pollution through the delayed release of polythene film, which was left on the seabed as it was considered insufficiently valuable to warrant salvage...
December 2004: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Brad Page, Jane McKenzie, Rebecca McIntosh, Alastair Baylis, Adam Morrissey, Norna Calvert, Tami Haase, Mel Berris, Dave Dowie, Peter D Shaughnessy, Simon D Goldsworthy
In recent years, Australian governments and fishing industry associations have developed guiding principles aimed at reducing the impact of fishing on non-target species and the benthos and increasing community awareness of their efforts. To determine whether they reduced seal entanglement in lost fishing gear and other marine debris, we analysed Australian sea lion and New Zealand fur seal entanglement data collected from Kangaroo Island, South Australia. Contrary to our expectations, we found that entanglement rates did not decrease in recent years...
July 2004: Marine Pollution Bulletin
Ezequiel Magallón-Gastélum, Felipe Lozano-Kasten, Marie-France Bosseno, Ricardo Cárdenas-Contreras, Ali Ouaissi, Simone F Brenière
Granite rocks is a very abundant material in Mexico because they are used habitually as borders for fields. The current work established the significance of this ecotype as a colonization site for triatomines of the Phyllosoma complex. Seven sites, arbitrary selected, in San Martin de Hidalgo municipality (Mexico) were investigated in April 2002 by using 210 mouse bait-traps left during the night in wall hollows. One hundred and seventy-two triatomines of all life stages were collected from the seven sites...
May 2004: Journal of Medical Entomology
Salih Cengiz, Ali Cengiz Karaca, Ismail Cakir, H Bülent Uner, Aytekin Sevindik
Soils vary among different areas, and have some characteristics because of the natural effects and transfers made by human and other living beings in time. So that forensic examination of soil is not only concerned with the analysis of naturally occurring rocks, minerals, vegetation, and animal matter. It also includes the detection of such manufactured materials such as ions from synthetic fertilizers and from different environments (e.g., nitrate, phosphate, and sulfate) as environmental artifacts (e.g., lead or objects as glass, paint chips, asphalt, brick fragments, and cinders) whose presence may impart soil with characteristics that will make it unique to a particular location...
April 20, 2004: Forensic Science International
M Umemura, K Honda
By considering three kinds of music and noise, this research investigates the influence of music on the living body by comparing the difference of influence on heart rate variability and comfort when subjects listen to music and are exposed to noise. We used two pieces of classical music, rock music, and noise recorded by a tape recorder. The following conclusions were made from the findings of the research: 1) Hearing classical music results in a small variance of Mayer Wave related Sinus Arrhythmia (MWSA) component and Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA) component compared with a body being at rest...
December 1998: Journal of Human Ergology
T Nishikawa, M Kurosaka, K Mizuno, M Grabiner
We investigated the protection afforded to ankle ligaments by ankle supports and the extent to which these were associated with a diminution of motor performance. Eleven volunteers were subjected to a 10 degrees tilt in four directions (inversion, eversion, plantar flexion and dorsiflexion) on a rocking platform. Three-dimensional videography was used to record complex ankle kinematics. The prophylactic ankle supports used were a semi-rigid brace, a lace-up cloth brace, and taping. The ankle supports provided similar initial protection against acute ligamentous inversion sprains...
2000: International Orthopaedics
W J Warme, D Brooks
The purpose of this study was to determine whether circumferential taping of the base of the finger increases the A2 pulley's load to failure in a model simulating a rock climber's grip. Nine pairs of fresh-frozen cadaveric hands, 20 to 47 years of age, were rigidly mounted in a specialized jig that maintained the finger in the climber's "crimp" position. Two of the four fingers of each hand were reinforced over the A2 pulley with three wraps of cloth adhesive tape. The flexor digitorum profundus and superficialis tendons were distracted until pulley or tendon failure...
September 2000: American Journal of Sports Medicine
A Schweizer
Circular taping around the proximal phalanx is frequently used by rock climbers to treat tenosynovitis and to prevent injuries to the A2 pulley. The aim of this study was to determine the biomechanical effectiveness of such taping. Devices were built to measure physiological bowstringing in vivo, and to determine the force of bowstringing as well as the force applied to the pulley tape. Two kinds of taping on 16 fingers were measured during the typical crimp grip position. Taping over the A2 pulley decreased bowstringing by 2...
February 2000: Journal of Hand Surgery: Journal of the British Society for Surgery of the Hand
R A Pavlygina, M V Frolov, V I Davydov, G B Milovanova, A V Sulimov
Time of recognition by human subjects of masked Arabic numerals decreased and the probability of correct responses increased under conditions of listening of tape-recordings of classic or rock music. Changes in recognition were most pronounced under the definite music power. The efficiency of recognition decreased during repeated listening of the same music fragments with unchanged power. The obtained data are considered as a manifestation of the dominant regularities.
January 1998: Zhurnal Vyssheĭ Nervnoĭ Deiatelnosti Imeni I P Pavlova
M D Rooks
Three-quarters of elite and recreational sport climbers will suffer upper extremity injuries. Approximately 60% of these injuries will involve the hand and wrist, the other 40% will be equally divided between the elbow and the shoulder. Most injuries will be tendonopathies secondary to strains, microtrauma or flexor retinacular irritation. However, up to 30% of these injuries in up to 50% of elite climbers will involve the proximal interphalangeal (PIP) region. These injuries are more serious and consist of varying degrees of flexor digitorum sublimis insertional strains, digital fibro-osseous sheath ruptures and PIP joint collateral ligament strains...
April 1997: Sports Medicine
E Oddby-Muhrbeck, J Jakobsson
Sixty patients undergoing laparoscopy were randomly assigned to receive total intravenous anaesthesia with propofol or inhalation anaesthesia with isoflurane. Patients in these two groups were also randomly assigned to three subgroups listening to soft music, hard rock music or no music at all. Twenty-four hours after surgery all patients were interviewed and asked if they had heard music during the operation. A tape with seven different pieces of music was also played for the patients. The music they heard during surgery was one of these...
January 1993: Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
F L Dey
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 26, 1970: New England Journal of Medicine
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