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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088044/dried-haematic-microsamples-and-lc-ms-ms-for-the-analysis-of-natural-and-synthetic-cannabinoids
#1
Michele Protti, James Rudge, Angelo Eliseo Sberna, Gilberto Gerra, Laura Mercolini
Synthetic cannabinoids are new psychoactive substances (NPS) with similar effects when compared to natural ones found in Cannabis derivatives. They have rapidly integrated into the illicit market, often sold as alternatives under international control. The need to identify and quantify an unprecedented and growing number of new compounds represents a unique challenge for toxicological, forensic and anti-doping analysis. Dried blood spots have been used within the bioanalytical framework in place of plasma or serum, in order to reduce invasiveness, lower sample size, simplify handling, storage and shipping of samples and to facilitate home-based and on-field applications...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086808/a-quiet-harvest-linkage-between-ritual-seed-selection-and-the-historical-use-of-the-finger-bladed-knife-as-a-traditional-plant-breeding-tool-in-ifugao-philippines
#2
REVIEW
Kevin M Murphy
The transverse harvest knife, also commonly called the finger or finger-bladed knife, has been utilized by rice farmers in southeast Asia for many centuries. The finger knife persisted in many traditional cultures long after the introduction of the sickle, a tool which provided farmers with the means to execute a much faster harvest. Several theories in interpretative archaeology have attempted to account for this rejection of more modern technological innovations. These theories, which include community-based social organization ideas and practical reasons for the continued use of the finger knife, are presented in this paper...
January 13, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080208/a-research-program-for-the-socioeconomic-impacts-of-gene-editing-regulation
#3
Agustina I Whelan, Martin A Lema
Gene editing technologies are a group of recent innovations in plant breeding using molecular biology, which have in common the capability of introducing a site-directed mutation or deletion in the genome. The first cases of crops improved with these technologies are approaching the market; this has raised an international debate regarding if they should be regulated as genetically modified crops or just as another form of mutagenesis under conventional breeding. This dilemma for policymakers not only entails issues pertaining safety information and legal/regulatory definitions...
January 12, 2017: GM Crops & Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079771/advanced-research-and-data-methods-in-women-s-health-big-data-analytics-adaptive-studies-and-the-road-ahead
#4
Christian R Macedonia, Clark T Johnson, Indika Rajapakse
Technical advances in science have had broad implications in reproductive and women's health care. Recent innovations in population-level data collection and storage have made available an unprecedented amount of data for analysis while computational technology has evolved to permit processing of data previously thought too dense to study. "Big data" is a term used to describe data that are a combination of dramatically greater volume, complexity, and scale. The number of variables in typical big data research can readily be in the thousands, challenging the limits of traditional research methodologies...
January 9, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078729/achieving-full-scope-of-practice-readiness-using-evidence-for-psychotherapy-teaching-in-web-and-hybrid-approaches-in-psychiatric-mental-health-advanced-practice-nursing-education
#5
Kathleen T McCoy
: Radical changes in role, education, and practice have affected how education of advance practice nurses and practice deliverables occur. PURPOSE: This article examines the effects of distance education upon the teaching/learning of psychotherapy in integrating Web-based technology and platforms. DESIGN AND METHODS: With the advent and proliferation of online programs of study, the question begs: How do distance-linked programs successfully introduce, practice, and supervise one-to-one and group psychotherapy training? FINDINGS: By employing evidence-based education strategies, technology, and strong interpersonal skills and evidence-based therapies, a charter Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner Doctor of Nursing Practice program paved an innovative and successful path...
January 12, 2017: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077896/study-of-scientific-production-of-community-medicines-department-indexed-in-isi-citation-databases
#6
Mohammad Khademloo, Ali Akbar Khaseh, Hasan Siamian, Kobra Aligolbandi, Mahsoomeh Latifi, Mousa Yaminfirooz
BACKGROUND: In the scientometric, the main criterion in determining the scientific position and ranking of the scientific centers, particularly the universities, is the rate of scientific production and innovation, and in all participations in the global scientific development. One of the subjects more involved in repeatedly dealt with science and technology and effective on the improvement of health is medical science fields. In this research using scientometric and citation analysis, we studied the rate of scientific productions in the field of community medicine, which is the numbers of articles published and indexed in ISI database from 2000 to 2010...
October 2016: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076487/technological-information-regarding-prebiotics-and-probiotics-nutrition-versus-the-patent-registers-what-is-new
#7
José Maciel Caldas Dos Reis, Maurício Fortuna Pinheiro, André Takashi Oti, Denilson José Silva Feitosa-Junior, Mauro de Souza Pantoja, Rui Sérgio Monteiro Barros
Introduction: Food is a key factor both in prevention and in promoting human health. Among the functional food are highlighted probiotics and prebiotics. Patent databases are the main source of technological information about innovation worldwide, providing extensive library for research sector. Objective: Perform mapping in the main patent databases about pre and probiotics, seeking relevant information regarding the use of biotechnology, nanotechnology and genetic engineering in the production of these foods...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074110/an-exploratory-study-on-the-impact-of-daily-activities-on-the-pleasure-and-physical-activity-of-older-adults
#8
Miriam Cabrita, Richel Lousberg, Monique Tabak, Hermie J Hermens, Miriam M R Vollenbroek-Hutten
BACKGROUND: Pleasure is one determinant of intrinsic motivation and yet a dimension often forgotten when promoting physical activity among the older population. In this study we investigate the relation between daily activities and physical activity, experience of pleasure, and the interaction between pleasure and physical activity in the daily lives of community-dwelling older adults. METHODS: Participants carried a hip-worn accelerometer during 30 consecutive days resulting in a total of 320 days of data collection...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073737/using-real-time-social-media-technologies-to-monitor-levels-of-perceived-stress-and-emotional-state-in-college-students-a-web-based-questionnaire-study
#9
Sam Liu, Miaoqi Zhu, Dong Jin Yu, Alexander Rasin, Sean D Young
BACKGROUND: College can be stressful for many freshmen as they cope with a variety of stressors. Excess stress can negatively affect both psychological and physical health. Thus, there is a need to find innovative and cost-effective strategies to help identify students experiencing high levels of stress to receive appropriate treatment. Social media use has been rapidly growing, and recent studies have reported that data from these technologies can be used for public health surveillance...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073736/development-of-an-educational-game-to-set-up-surgical-instruments-on-the-mayo-stand-or-back-table-applied-research-in-production-technology
#10
Crislaine Pires Padilha Paim, Silvia Goldmeier
BACKGROUND: Existing research suggests that digital games can be used effectively for educational purposes at any level of training. Perioperative nursing educators can use games to complement curricula, in guidance and staff development programs, to foster team collaboration, and to give support to critical thinking in nursing practice because it is a complex environment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the process of developing an educational game to set up surgical instruments on the Mayo stand or back table as a resource to assist the instructor in surgical instrumentation training for students and nursing health professionals in continued education...
January 10, 2017: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073669/reoperation-rates-after-open-and-endovascular-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-repairs
#11
Conor F Hynes, Kendal M Endicott, Sina Iranmanesh, Richard L Amdur, Robyn Macsata
OBJECTIVE: This study compared reoperation rates associated with open abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair (OR) outcomes vs endovascular AAA repair (EVAR). METHODS: A retrospective review of the Veterans Affairs Surgical Quality Improvement Project data was performed with inclusion criteria defined as all patients who underwent AAA repair from October 1, 2007, to October 1, 2013. The primary outcome was the incidence of reoperations. Reoperations included subsequent OR or EVAR procedures performed on the abdominal aorta or iliac arteries, surgical treatment of temporally related bowel obstruction, as well as treatment of abdominal or groin wound complications ≤6 months and treatment of bowel or lower limb ischemia ≤10 days...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068622/tribological-behavior-of-ti6al4v-cellular-structures-produced-by-selective-laser-melting
#12
F Bartolomeu, M Sampaio, O Carvalho, E Pinto, N Alves, J R Gomes, F S Silva, G Miranda
Additive manufacturing (AM) technologies enable the fabrication of innovative structures with complex geometries not easily manufactured by traditional processes. Regarding metallic cellular structures with tailored/customized mechanical and wear performance aiming to biomedical applications, Selective Laser Melting (SLM) is a remarkable solution for their production. Focusing on prosthesis and implants, in addition to a suitable Young's modulus it is important to assess the friction response and wear resistance of these cellular structures in a natural environment...
January 4, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068518/impact-of-space-environment-on-stability-of-medicines-challenges-and-prospects
#13
REVIEW
Priti Mehta, Dhara Bhayani
To upkeep health of astronauts in a unique, isolated, and extreme environment of space is the primary goal for a successful space mission, hence, safe and efficacious medications are essential for the wellness of astronauts. Space medication has been challenged with problems related to efficacy. Along with altered physiology, one of the possible reasons could be instability of space medications in the presence of harsh spaceflight environmental conditions. Altered physical and chemical stability can result in reduced potency which can result in reduced efficacy...
January 3, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067777/a-fuzzy-based-approach-for-sensing-coding-and-transmission-configuration-of-visual-sensors-in-smart-city-applications
#14
Daniel G Costa, Mario Collotta, Giovanni Pau, Cristian Duran-Faundez
The advance of technologies in several areas has allowed the development of smart city applications, which can improve the way of life in modern cities. When employing visual sensors in that scenario, still images and video streams may be retrieved from monitored areas, potentially providing valuable data for many applications. Actually, visual sensor networks may need to be highly dynamic, reflecting the changing of parameters in smart cities. In this context, characteristics of visual sensors and conditions of the monitored environment, as well as the status of other concurrent monitoring systems, may affect how visual sensors collect, encode and transmit information...
January 5, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067547/barriers-and-enablers-to-modifying-sleep-behavior-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-qualitative-investigation
#15
Jessica L Paterson, Amy C Reynolds, Mitch Duncan, Corneel Vandelanotte, Sally A Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Many young adults obtain less than the recommended sleep duration for healthy and safe functioning. Behavior change interventions have had only moderate success in increasing sleep duration for this cohort. This may be because the way young adults think about sleep, including their willingness and ability to change sleep behavior, is unknown. The purpose of the present study was to determine what changes, if any, young adults are willing to make to their sleep behavior, and to identify factors that may enable or prevent these changes...
January 9, 2017: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067027/high-density-lipoproteins-in-high-resolution-will-proteomics-solve-the-paradox-for-cardiovascular-risk
#16
Ferheen Baig, Abhishek Joshi, Manuel Mayr
While lipid abnormalities continue to account for over 60% of the population attributable for myocardial infarction, the well-known inverse correlation between plasma high-density lipoprotein cholesterol and cardiovascular risk has failed to deliver clinically useful therapeutic interventions. Thus, there is an unmet need to better understand the functionality of different high-density lipoprotein particles. Targeted high resolution lipoproteomics provides an innovative approach to studying the kinetics of high-density lipoprotein particles...
January 9, 2017: Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065689/virtual-teach-to-goal%C3%A2-adaptive-learning-of-inhaler-technique-for-inpatients-with-asthma-or-copd
#17
Valerie G Press, Colleen A Kelly, John J Kim, Steven R White, David O Meltzer, Vineet M Arora
BACKGROUND: Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) result in more than 1 million hospitalizations annually. Most hospitalized patients misuse respiratory inhalers. This misuse can be corrected with in-person education; however, this strategy is resource intensive and skills wane quickly after discharge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to develop and pilot a virtual teach-to-goal™ (V-TTG™) inhaler skill training module, using innovative adaptive learning technology...
January 5, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065344/abai-s-moc-assessment-of-knowledge-program-matures-adding-value-with-continuous-learning-and-assessment
#18
REVIEW
David I Bernstein, Stephen I Wasserman, William P Thompson, Theodore M Freeman
Rapid changes in modern medicine along with advances in the science of learning and memory have necessitated a shift in the way physician knowledge is assessed. Physician recertification beyond initial certification has historically consisted of retaining large amounts of knowledge over a long time span. The adult learning theory has shown that the maintenance and improvement of our knowledge base is more effective by being exposed to new concepts at regular intervals throughout one's career and reinforcing these concepts on an ongoing basis...
January 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063134/how-can-pricing-and-reimbursement-policies-improve-affordable-access-to-medicines-lessons-learned-from-european-countries
#19
REVIEW
Sabine Vogler, Valérie Paris, Alessandra Ferrario, Veronika J Wirtz, Kees de Joncheere, Peter Schneider, Hanne Bak Pedersen, Guillaume Dedet, Zaheer-Ud-Din Babar
This article discusses pharmaceutical pricing and reimbursement policies in European countries with regard to their ability to ensure affordable access to medicines. A frequently applied pricing policy is external price referencing. While it provides some benchmark for policy-makers and has been shown to be able to generate savings, it may also contribute to delay in product launch in countries where medicine prices are low. Value-based pricing has been proposed as a policy that promotes access while rewarding useful innovation; however, implementing it has proven quite challenging...
January 6, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062389/internet-based-hiv-prevention-with-at-home-sexually-transmitted-infection-testing-for-young-men-having-sex-with-men-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-keep-it-up-2-0
#20
Brian Mustanski, Krystal Madkins, George J Greene, Jeffrey T Parsons, Brent A Johnson, Patrick Sullivan, Michael Bass, Rebekah Abel
BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections are increasing among young men who have sex with men (YMSM), yet few HIV prevention programs have studied this population. Keep It Up! (KIU!), an online HIV prevention program tailored to diverse YMSM, was developed to fill this gap. The KIU! 2.0 randomized controlled trial (RCT) was launched to establish intervention efficacy. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the KIU! study is to advance scientific knowledge of technology-based behavioral HIV prevention, as well as improve public health by establishing the efficacy of an innovative electronic health (eHealth) prevention program for ethnically and racially diverse YMSM...
January 7, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
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