keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nutrient timing

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731599/does-eating-environment-have-an-impact-on-the-protein-and-energy-intake-in-the-hospitalised-elderly
#1
Karon Markovski, Aranka Nenov, Aurora Ottaway, Elizabeth Skinner
AIM: This pilot study aimed to examine the difference in energy and protein intake of the midday meal in two different eating environments-the communal dining room and patient bedside-and to obtain feedback on patient preference at each location. METHODS: Elderly patients in two rehabilitation wards were observed consuming the midday meal on two consecutive days: day 1 in the dining room and day 2 at the bedside. The patients' intake was recorded by a visual 5-point assessment scale and analysed for protein and energy content using the hospital food services nutrient analysis of the menu...
July 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730708/evaluation-of-the-hypocholesterolemic-effect-and-prebiotic-activity-of-a-lentil-lens-culinaris-medik-extract
#2
Maria Vittoria Micioni Di Bonaventura, Cinzia Cecchini, Pilar Vila Donat, Giovanni Caprioli, Carlo Cifani, Maria Magdalena Coman, Alberto Cresci, Dennis Fiorini, Massimo Ricciutelli, Stefania Silvi, Sauro Vittori, Gianni Sagratini
SCOPE: the aim of our work was to produce a hydroalcoholic extract of lentils and to examine: a) the hypocholesterolemic action in an animal model, by studying the plasma cholesterol level and the concentration of bile acids in the faeces; b) the potential prebiotic effect, by conducting an in vitro culture fermentation experiment and assessing the level of short chain fatty acids (SCFAs) in the faeces of rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Lentil extract (LE) was obtained by extracting lentils with a solution of H2 0/EtOH (70/30 v/v) for 3 h, and the content of main nutrients was determined...
July 21, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729200/additive-effects-of-sensory-enhanced-satiety-and-memory-for-recent-eating-on-appetite
#3
Martin R Yeomans, Millie Ruder Milton, Lucy Chambers
The sensory characteristics of a product have been shown to interact with actual nutrient content to generate satiety. Separately, cued recall of recent eating has also been shown to reduce food intake. Here we explore for the first time how these two effects interact, with the hypothesis that sensory enhancement of satiety might be mediated by more vivid memory of the earlier consumed item. On each of two test sessions, 119 women volunteers consumed a control drink (lemonade) on one morning and then one of two test drinks on the next day 30 min before an ad libitum lunch...
July 17, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727757/development-of-organic-fertilizers-from-food-market-waste-and-urban-gardening-by-composting-in-ecuador
#4
J Jara-Samaniego, M D Pérez-Murcia, M A Bustamante, C Paredes, A Pérez-Espinosa, I Gavilanes-Terán, M López, F C Marhuenda-Egea, H Brito, R Moral
Currently, the management of urban waste streams in developing countries is not optimized yet, and in many cases these wastes are disposed untreated in open dumps. This fact causes serious environmental and health problems due to the presence of contaminants and pathogens. Frequently, the use of specific low-cost strategies reduces the total amount of wastes. These strategies are mainly associated to the identification, separate collection and composting of specific organic waste streams, such as vegetable and fruit refuses from food markets and urban gardening activities...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727009/effects-of-energy-supplementation-on-energy-losses-and-nitrogen-balance-of-steers-fed-green-chopped-wheat-pasture-i-calorimetry
#5
A L Shreck, P J Ebert, E A Bailey, J S Jennings, K D Casey, B E Meyer, N A Cole
Cattle grazing wheat pasture in the southern Great Plains are sometimes fed an energy supplement; however, the benefits of supplementation on nutrient balance, energy metabolism, and greenhouse gas emissions have not been elucidated. Therefore, we used 10 British crossbred steers (206 ± 10.7 kg initial BW) in a respiration calorimetry study to evaluate the effects of energy supplementation on energy losses, N balance, and nutrient digestibility of steers fed green-chopped wheat forage. The study design was an incomplete replicated 4 × 4 Latin square with treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726984/physiology-and-endocrinology-symposium-alterations-in-uteroplacental-hemodynamics-during-melatonin-supplementation-in-sheep-and-cattle
#6
C O Lemley, K A Vonnahme
Compromised placental function can result in fetal growth restriction which is associated with greater risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. Large increases in transplacental nutrient and waste exchange, which support the exponential increase in fetal growth during the last half of gestation, are dependent primarily on the rapid growth and vascularization of the uteroplacenta. The amplitude of melatonin secretion has been associated with improved oxidative status and altered cardiovascular function in several mammalian species; however, melatonin mediated alterations of uteroplacental capacity in sheep and cattle are lacking...
May 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726765/oleic-acid-uptake-reveals-the-rescued-enterocyte-phenotype-of-colon-cancer-caco-2-by-ht29-mtx-cells-in-co-culture-mode
#7
Emmanuelle Berger, Merian Nassra, Claude Atgié, Pascale Plaisancié, Alain Géloën
Gastrointestinal epithelium is the unique route for nutrients and for many pharmaceuticals to enter the body. The present study aimed to analyze precisely whether co-culture of two colon cancer cell lines, mucus-producing cells HT29-MTX and enterocyte-like Caco-2 cells, ameliorate differentiation into an in vitro intestinal barrier model and the signaling pathways involved. Differentiated Caco-2 cells gene datasets were compared first to intestinal or cancer phenotypes and second to signaling pathway gene datasets...
July 20, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726695/a-combined-reed-bed-freezing-bed-technology-for-septage-treatment-and-reuse-in-cold-climate-regions
#8
C Kinsley, K Kennedy, A Crolla
A combined reed bed-freezing bed (RB-FB) technology was effective at treating septage under Canadian climatic conditions over a 5-year period with average loading rates of 82-104 kg TS/m(2)/y. Varying hydraulic and solid loading rates as well as the increasing sludge cake with time had little to no effect on treatment efficiency, with almost complete removal of organic matter, solids, heavy metals and nutrients. Filtrate concentrations varied significantly between the freeze-thaw and growing seasons for many parameters, although the differences were not important from a treatment or reuse perspective with filtrate quality similar to a low to medium strength domestic wastewater...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726375/nanoscale-hydrodynamic-film-for-diffusive-mass-transport-control-in-compartmentalized-microfluidic-chambers
#9
Minseok Kim, Ji Won Lim, Sung Kuk Lee, Taesung Kim
A compartmentalized microfluidic chamber array that not only offers separate cell culture environments but also independent control of the diffusion of small molecules provides an extremely useful platform for cell cultivations and versatile cellular assays. However, it is challenging to incorporate both cell compartmentalization and active diffusion control in real-time and precise manners. Here, we present a novel nanoscale hydrodynamic film (NHF) that is formed between a solid substrate and a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) surface...
July 20, 2017: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724659/human-milk-microbial-community-structure-is-relatively-stable-and-related-to-variations-in-macronutrient-and-micronutrient-intakes-in-healthy-lactating-women
#10
Janet E Williams, Janae M Carrothers, Kimberly A Lackey, Nicola F Beatty, Mara A York, Sarah L Brooker, Bahman Shafii, William J Price, Matthew L Settles, Mark A McGuire, Michelle K McGuire
Background: The human milk microbiome has been somewhat characterized, but little is known about changes over time and relations with maternal factors such as nutrient intake.Objective: We sought to characterize the human milk microbiome and described associations with maternal nutrient intake, time postpartum, delivery mode, and body mass index (BMI; in kg/m(2)).Methods: Milk samples (n = 104) and 24-h diet recalls were collected 9 times from 21 healthy lactating women from day 2 to 6 mo postpartum. Women were classified by BMI as healthy weight (<25) or overweight or obese (≥25)...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718632/systematic-approaches-to-efficiently-produce-2-3-butanediol-in-a-marine-cyanobacterium
#11
Nicole E Nozzi, Anna E Case, Austin L Carroll, Shota Atsumi
Cyanobacteria have attracted significant interest as a platform for renewable production of fuel and feedstock chemicals from abundant atmospheric carbon dioxide by way of photosynthesis. While great strides have been made in developing this technology in freshwater cyanobacteria, logistical issues remain in scale-up. Use of the cyanobacterium Synechococcus sp. PCC 7002 (7002) as a chemical production chassis could address a number of these issues given the higher tolerance to salt, light, and heat as well as the fast growth rate of 7002 in comparison to traditional model cyanobacteria such as Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 and Synechocystis sp...
July 18, 2017: ACS Synthetic Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718423/angiogenesis-and-metabolism-entwined-for-therapy-resistance
#12
REVIEW
Gabriela Jiménez-Valerio, Oriol Casanovas
Angiogenesis and metabolism are entwined processes that permit tumor growth and progression. Blood vessel supply is necessary for tumor survival not only by providing oxygen and nutrients for anabolism but also by removing waste products from cellular metabolism. On the other hand, blocking angiogenesis with antiangiogenic therapies shows clinical benefits in treating several tumor types. Nevertheless, resistance to therapy emerges over time. In this review we discuss a novel mechanism of adaptive resistance involving metabolic adaptation of tumor cells, and we also provide examples of tumor adaptation to therapy, which may represent a new mechanism of resistance in several types of cancer...
January 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717025/the-role-of-intraspecific-variation-in-the-ecological-and-evolutionary-success-of-diatoms-in-changing-environments
#13
REVIEW
Anna Godhe, Tatiana Rynearson
Intraspecific variation in diatoms has been shown to play a key role in species' responses to several important environmental factors such as light, salinity, temperature and nutrients. Furthermore, modelling efforts indicate that this variation within species extends bloom periods, and likely provides sufficient variability in competitive interactions between species under hydrographically variable conditions. The intraspecific variation most likely corresponds to optimal fitness in temporary microhabitats and may help to explain the paradox of the plankton...
September 5, 2017: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714921/accumulation-of-microcystin-lr-rr-and-yr-in-three-freshwater-bivalves-in-microcystis-aeruginosa-bloom-using-dual-isotope-tracer
#14
Min-Seob Kim, Yeon-Jung Lee, Sun-Yong Ha, Baik-Ho Kim, Soon-Jin Hwang, Jung-Taek Kwon, Jong-Woo Choi, Kyung-Hoon Shin
Abstract: Stable isotope tracers were first applied to evaluate the Microcystis cell assimilation efficiency of Sinanodonta bivalves, since the past identification method has been limited to tracking the changes of each chl-a, clearity, and nutrient. The toxicity profile and accumulation of MC-LR, -RR and -YR in different organs (foot and digestive organs) from the three filter-feeders (Sinanodonta woodina, Sinanodonta arcaeformis, and Unio douglasiae) were assessed under the condition of toxigenic cyanobacteria (Microcystis aeruginosa) blooms through an in situ pond experiment using (13)C and (15)N dual isotope tracers...
July 17, 2017: Marine Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712337/overall-effect-of-carbon-production-and-nutrient-release-in-sludge-holding-tank-on-mainstream-biological-nutrient-removal-efficiency
#15
Pouria Jabari, Qiuyan Yuan, Jan A Oleszkiewicz
The objective of this study was to assess the potential of hydrolysis/fermentation of activated sludge in sludge holding tank (SHT) to produce additional carbon for biological nutrient removal (BNR) process. The study was conducted in anaerobic batch tests using the BNR sludge (from a full-scale Westside process) and the mixture of BNR sludge with conventional non-BNR activated sludge (to have higher biodegradable particulate COD (bpCOD) in sludge). At different times during the batch tests the nutrient release, filtered COD (FCOD) production and polyphosphate (poly-P) and aerobic phosphorous uptake of sludge were measured...
July 17, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712045/dynamics-of-soil-bacterial-communities-over-a-vegetation-season-relate-to-both-soil-nutrient-status-and-plant-growth-phenology
#16
Davide Francioli, Elke Schulz, François Buscot, Thomas Reitz
Soil microorganisms regulate element cycling and plant nutrition, mediate co-existence of neighbors, and stabilize plant communities. Many of these effects are dependent upon environmental conditions and, in particular, on nutrient quality and availability in soils. In this context, we set up a pot experiment in order to examine the combined effects of soil nutrient availability and microbial communities on plant-soil interactions and to investigate assemblage rules for soil bacterial communities under changed nutrient conditions...
July 15, 2017: Microbial Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710484/colored-and-fluorescent-nanofibrous-silk-as-a-physically-transient-chemosensor-and-vitamin-deliverer
#17
Kyungtaek Min, Sookyoung Kim, Chang Gun Kim, Sunghwan Kim
Biodegradable and physically transient optics represent an emerging paradigm in healthcare devices by harnessing optically active system and obviating issues with chronic uses. Light emitting components that can efficiently interact with their environments have advantages of high sensitivity, visibility, and wireless operation. Here, we report a novel combination of silk biopolymer and optically active organic dyes resulting in versatile fluorescent silk nanofibers (FSNs). FSNs generated by the electrospinning method exhibit attractive functions of the doped organic dyes along with programming the system that physically disappear at prescribed time...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710146/current-evidence-on-associations-of-nutritional-factors-with-ovarian-reserve-and-timing-of-menopause-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Nazanin Moslehi, Parvin Mirmiran, Fahimeh Ramezani Tehrani, Fereidoun Azizi
Ovarian aging is thought to be influenced by environmental factors, including nutrition. The aim of this study was to systematically review current evidence on the associations between nutritional factors, ovarian reserve, and age at menopause. PubMed and Scopus were structurally searched until May 2016. Original studies, with either observational or interventional designs, that examined the associations of nutritional factors (serum or dietary nutrients, food groups, and/or dietary patterns) with different ovarian reserve markers and/or timing of menopause were considered eligible...
July 2017: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709894/adsorption-and-controlled-release-of-potassium-phosphate-and-ammonia-from-modified-arabic-gum-based-hydrogel
#19
Fernanda Zonatto, Edvani C Muniz, Elias B Tambourgi, Alexandre T Paulino
In this work, a modified Arabic gum-based hydrogel copolymerized with acrylamide was synthesized and characterized for application in adsorption and controlled release of potassium, phosphate and ammonia. From FT-IR results, it would be reasonable to assume that the hydrogel was effectively synthesized. The degree of swelling at pure water with pH 6.0 was 21.0g water per g dried hydrogel whereas the degrees of swelling at buffer solutions with pH 4.5 and 7.0 were 7.2 and 9.2g water per g dried hydrogel, respectively...
July 11, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709571/timing-of-food-introduction-and-atopy-prevention
#20
Malika Gupta, Scott H Sicherer
The apparent increase in atopic disease, particularly food allergy, over the past 2 decades has resulted in reconsideration of prevention strategies aimed at the infant's diet. Early advice to have atopy-prone infants delay ingestion of potential food allergens, such as egg, cow's milk, and peanut, was rescinded, as new evidence emerged that did not support these approaches. More recently, randomized controlled trials have provided data to support an opposite strategy, promoting early ingestion of allergens as a means of food allergy prevention...
July 2017: Clinics in Dermatology
keyword
keyword
43099
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"