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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019534/evaluation-of-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-primary-hyperhidrosis-submitted-to-videothoracoscopic-sympathectomy
#1
Sandoval Lage da Silva, Rossano Kepler Alvim Fiorelli, Maria Ribeiro Santos Morard
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the quality of life of patients undergoing video-assisted thoracoscopy for primary hyperhidrosis. METHODS: we evaluated the patients who underwent thoracoscopic sympathectomy to treat primary hyperhidrosis by the team of thoracic surgery at the University Hospital Gaffrée and Guinle - UNIRIO between July 2004 and August 2013. It was applied a questionnaire about quality of life related to hyperhidrosis since preoperative period until one year after the surgery...
July 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019497/tem-nano-moir%C3%A3-evaluation-for-an-invisible-lattice-structure-near-the-grain-interface
#2
Hongye Zhang, Huihui Wen, Zhanwei Liu, Qi Zhang, Huimin Xie
Moiré technique is a powerful, important and effective tool for scientific research, from the nano-scale to the macro-scale, which is essentially the interference between two or more periodic structures with a similar frequency. In this study, an inverse transmission electron microscopy (TEM) nano-Moiré method has been proposed, for the first time, to reconstruct an invisible lattice structure near the grain interface, where only one kind of lattice structure and Moiré fringe were visible in a high resolution TEM (HRTEM) image simultaneously...
October 11, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994471/god-of-the-hinge-treating-lgbtqia-patients
#3
Annie Boland
This paper looks at systems of gender within the context of analysis. It explores the unique challenges of individuation faced by transsexual, transgender, gender queer, gender non-conforming, cross-dressing and intersex patients. To receive patients generously we need to learn how a binary culture produces profound and chronic trauma. These patients wrestle with being who they are whilst simultaneously receiving negative projections and feeling invisible. While often presenting with the struggles of gender conforming individuals, understanding the specifically gendered aspect of their identity is imperative...
November 2017: Journal of Analytical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993914/operative-vectors-anatomic-distortion-fluid-dynamics-and-the-inherent-effects-of-pneumatic-insufflation-encountered-during-transanal-total-mesorectal-excision
#4
S Atallah, P Gonzalez, S Chadi, R Hompes, J Knol
BACKGROUND: Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) is an altogether different approach to rectal cancer surgery, and the effects of carbon dioxide (CO2) on this dissection remain poorly described. METHODS: This article critically examines the effect of carbon dioxide insufflation and the workspace it creates during the process of taTME. The unique aspects of insulation with this approach are governed by the laws of physics, especially the principles of fluid dynamics, an area that remains poorly described for laparoscopy and not at all described for taTME...
October 10, 2017: Techniques in Coloproctology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992194/a-novel-display-system-reveals-anisotropic-polarization-perception-in-the-motion-vision-of-the-butterfly-papilio-xuthus
#5
Finlay J Stewart, Michiyo Kinoshita, Kentaro Arikawa
While the linear polarization of light is virtually invisible to humans, many invertebrates' eyes can detect it. How this information is processed in the nervous system, and what behavioral function it serves, are in many cases unclear. One reason for this is the technical difficulty involved in presenting images or video containing polarization contrast, particularly if intensity and/or color contrast is also required. In this primarily methods-focused article, we present a novel technique based on projecting video through a synchronously rotating linear polarizer...
August 24, 2017: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989312/accuracy-of-the-hypothetical-sky-polarimetric-viking-navigation-versus-sky-conditions-revealing-solar-elevations-and-cloudinesses-favourable-for-this-navigation%C3%A2-method
#6
Dénes Száz, Alexandra Farkas, András Barta, Balázs Kretzer, Miklós Blahó, Ádám Egri, Gyula Szabó, Gábor Horváth
According to Thorkild Ramskou's theory proposed in 1967, under overcast and foggy skies, Viking seafarers might have used skylight polarization analysed with special crystals called sunstones to determine the position of the invisible Sun. After finding the occluded Sun with sunstones, its elevation angle had to be measured and its shadow had to be projected onto the horizontal surface of a sun compass. According to Ramskou's theory, these sunstones might have been birefringent calcite or dichroic cordierite or tourmaline crystals working as polarizers...
September 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989304/the-problem-of-camouflaging-via-mirror-reflections
#7
Alexander Plakhov
This work is related to billiards and their applications in geometric optics. It is known that perfectly invisible bodies with mirror surface do not exist. It is, therefore, natural to search for bodies that are, in a sense, close to invisible. We introduce a visibility index of a body measuring the mean angle of deviation of incident light rays, and derive a lower estimate for this index. This estimate is a function of the body's volume and of the minimal radius of a ball containing the body. This result is far from being final and opens a possibility for further research...
September 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987929/assessing-notions-of-denormalization-and-renormalization-of-smoking-in-light-of-e-cigarette-regulation
#8
Gunnar Sæbø, Janne Scheffels
The rationale for 'denormalization' of smoking in tobacco policies has been challenged by the emergence of e-cigarettes and the need to regulate e-cigarette use and promotion. Our aim is to assess the research status on e-cigarettes' contribution to 'renormalization' of smoking and to clarify how renormalization of smoking can be appraised at the conceptual and empirical level. Combining conceptual analysis and narrative review, the paper brings out three dimensions of denormalization/renormalization of smoking ('unacceptability/acceptability'; 'invisibility/visibility'; 'phasing out behaviour/maintaining behaviour') and an inherent duality of the e-cigarette as a smoking-like device and a smoking alternative...
October 5, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977658/low-cost-bicycle-lights-vs-cold-lights-for-visualizing-neonatal-veins
#9
Neal J Russell, Paul Bassett, John Chang
Objective: Difficult intravenous (IV) access can compromise patient care in neonatal practice, and transillumination is often used to improve the visibility of veins. Current devices are expensive, prone to bacterial contamination and unaffordable in low-resource settings. We conducted a study comparing the quality of transillumination provided by "cold lights" that are currently in use with low-cost (<£1) red silicone LED bicycle lights. Methods: Photographs of the hands and feet of neonates were taken with parental consent: first without transillumination (control group), second by transillumination with a cold light, and third with a bicycle light...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28976948/africa-women-s-invisible-power
#10
Linda Nordling
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970456/safety-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-in-hospital-what-can-the-hospital-pharmacist-do-to-improve-quality-of-care
#11
Bernadette Flood
People with intellectual disabilities are vulnerable in healthcare environments. They experience health and healthcare inequalities, and when admitted to general hospitals are at a greater risk of patient safety incidents. This is well known in specialist services, but less recognized within primary or secondary healthcare. The most significant barriers to safer and better healthcare appear to include 'invisibility' of people with intellectual disabilities within health-care systems, widespread lack of staff understanding of intellectual disability, the vulnerabilities of people with intellectual disabilities, and the reasonable adjustment they may need in order to access health-care services...
August 4, 2017: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969498/invisible-work-child-work-in-households-with-a-person-living-with-hiv-aids-in-central-uganda
#12
Julie Abimanyi-Ochom, Brett Inder, Bruce Hollingsworth, Paula Lorgelly
BACKGROUND: HIV/AIDS has led to increased mortality and morbidity, negatively impacting adult labour especially in HIV/AIDS burdened Sub-Saharan Africa. There has been some exploration of the effects of HIV/AIDS on paid child labour, but little empirical work on children's non-paid child work. This paper provides quantitative evidence of how child and household-level factors affect children's involvement in both domestic and family farm work for households with a person living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) compared to non-PLWHA households using the 2010/2011 Centre for Health Economics Uganda HIV questionnaire Survey...
December 2017: SAHARA J: Journal of Social Aspects of HIV/AIDS Research Alliance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961173/finite-element-analysis-of-grouting-compactness-monitoring-in-a-post-tensioning-tendon-duct-using-piezoceramic-transducers
#13
Tianyong Jiang, Junbo Zheng, Linsheng Huo, Gangbing Song
With the development of the post-tensioning technique, prestressed concrete structures have been widely used in civil engineering. To ensure the long-term effectiveness of the prestressed tendon, the grouting quality of the tendon duct is one of the important factors. However, it is still a challenge to monitor the grouting quality of post-tensioning tendon ducts, due to the invisibility of the grouting. The authors' previous work proposed a real-time method that employed a stress wave-based active sensing approach with piezoceramic transducers to monitor the grouting compactness of a Post-Tensioning Tendon Duct (PTTD)...
September 29, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28960520/use-of-reflectance-confocal-microscopy-to-evaluate-5-fluorouracil-0-5-salicylic-acid-10-in-the-field-directed-treatment-of-sub-clinical-lesions-of-actinic-keratosis-sub-analysis-of-a-phase-iii-randomised-double-blind-vehicle-controlled-trial
#14
Martina Ulrich, Uwe Reinhold, Meritxell Falqués, Rosario Rodriguez Azeredo, Eggert Stockfleth
BACKGROUND: Actinic keratosis (AK) is a common skin disorder that can progress to invasive squamous-cell carcinoma. AK can present as clinical (visible) or sub-clinical (invisible) lesions within areas of chronic sun damage. The importance of treating sub-clinical AK is gaining support. We present a sub-analysis of a previously published Phase III, double-blind, vehicle-controlled study (NCT02289768), to assess 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) 0.5% /salicylic acid 10% treatment of sub-clinical AK lesions, based on reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM)...
September 28, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959898/mandibular-canal-visibility-using-a-plain-volumetric-interpolated-breath-hold-examination-sequence-in-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#15
Chutamas Deepho, Hiroshi Watanabe, Junichiro Sakamoto, Tohru Kurabayashi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the validity of plain volumetric interpolated breath-hold examination (VIBE) examinations for detecting the course of the mandibular canal (MC), and to compare the results to contrast-enhanced (CE) VIBE images. METHODS: From our imaging archives, we collected 28 cases taken with a VIBE sequence both before and after intravenous administration of gadolinium hydrate, and then two observers evaluated neuro-vascular bundle (NVB) visibility in the VIBE images...
September 29, 2017: Dento Maxillo Facial Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956195/qualitative-analysis-of-mmi-raters-scorings-of-medical-school-candidates-a-matter-of-taste
#16
Mette K Christensen, Eva Lykkegaard, Ole Lund, Lotte D O'Neill
Recent years have seen leading medical educationalists repeatedly call for a paradigm shift in the way we view, value and use subjectivity in assessment. The argument is that subjective expert raters generally bring desired quality, not just noise, to performance evaluations. While several reviews document the psychometric qualities of the Multiple Mini-Interview (MMI), we currently lack qualitative studies examining what we can learn from MMI raters' subjectivity. The present qualitative study therefore investigates rater subjectivity or taste in MMI selection interview...
September 27, 2017: Advances in Health Sciences Education: Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955649/invisible-transportation-infrastructure-technology-to-mitigate-energy-and-environment
#17
Md Faruque Hossain
BACKGROUND: Traditional transportation infrastructure built by heat trapping products and the transportation vehiles run by fossil fuel, both causing deadly climate change. Thus, a new technology of invisible Flying Transportation system has been proposed to mitigate energy and environmental crisis caused by traditional infrastructure system. METHODS: Underground Maglev system has been modeled to be constructed for all transportation systems to run the vehicle smoothly just over two feet over the earth surface by propulsive and impulsive force at flying stage...
2017: Energy, Sustainability and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954160/suicide-in-childhood-a-literatura-review
#18
Girliani Silva de Sousa, Marília Suzi Pereira Dos Santos, Amanda Tabosa Pereira da Silva, Jaqueline Galdino Albuquerque Perrelli, Everton Botelho Sougey
This is an integrated review of specific literature on the main factors associated to suicidal behavior in children under 14 years. Data were retrieved from PubMed and PsycInfo databases for the 1980-2016 period, with the following descriptors: "risk of suicide"; "children"; "suicide"; "childhood". Twenty-nine papers complied with the eligibility criteria of the review and were thus selected and analyzed. Results pointed to an association of suicide with neurobiological, school-related, social and mental factors, among which the role of impulsivity stands out...
September 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950835/determinants-of-uptake-of-hepatitis-b-testing-and-healthcare-access-by-migrant-chinese-in-the-england-a-qualitative-study
#19
Andrew Chee Keng Lee, Alicia Vedio, Eva Zhi Hong Liu, Jason Horsley, Amrita Jesurasa, Sarah Salway
BACKGROUND: Global migration from hepatitis B endemic countries poses a significant public health challenge in receiving low-prevalence countries. In the UK, Chinese migrants are a high risk group for hepatitis B. However, they are an underserved population that infrequently accesses healthcare. This study sought to increase understanding of the determinants of hepatitis B testing and healthcare access among migrants of Chinese ethnicity living in England. METHODS: We sought to obtain and integrate insights from different key stakeholders in the system...
September 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28949982/visible-induced-luminescence-reveals-invisible-rays-shining-from-christ-in-the-early-christian-wall-painting-of-the-transfiguration-in-shivta
#20
Ravit Linn, Yotam Tepper, Guy Bar-Oz
The Transfiguration scene depicted in a Byzantine church at Shivta, Israel, is one of two figurative examples of the scene from the early Christian period. The use of Egyptian blue pigment in the wall painting was investigated with various analytical methods. Visible Induced Luminescence (VIL) imaging was used in-situ in order to map the distribution of the Egyptian blue pigment in the painting. The VIL imaging revealed surprising insights into the understanding of the iconography and the technology of this rare painting...
2017: PloS One
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