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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718194/prevalence-of-imaginary-companions-in-japanese-children
#1
Yusuke Moriguchi, Naoya Todo
Having an imaginary companion (IC) is an example of children's pretend play. However, most research regarding children's ICs is from Western cultures. In this study, the prevalence of ICs was assessed among Japanese children (2- to 9-year-old children, N = 800). The developmental (age), biological (sex), and environmental (birth order) effects on Japanese children's ICs were also assessed. Moreover, whether IC status can be an indicator of fantasy orientation in Japanese children was examined. The results revealed that the prevalence of the invisible friend was relatively rare, but the personified object was prevalent in Japanese children...
July 17, 2017: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718174/object-substitution-masking-weakens-but-does-not-eliminate-shape-interactions
#2
Timothy D Sweeny, Larissa C D'Abreu, Elric Elias, Lauren Padama
At any moment, some objects in the environment are seen clearly, whereas others go unnoticed. Whether or not these gaps in awareness are actually problematic may depend on the extent that information about unseen objects is lost. Determining when and how visual awareness and visual processing become linked is thus of great importance. Previous research using object-substitution masking (OSM) demonstrated that relatively simple visual features, such as size or orientation, are still processed even when they are not visible...
July 17, 2017: Attention, Perception & Psychophysics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716549/emotional-labour-and-aboriginal-maternal-infant-care-workers-the-invisible-load
#3
R Kirkham, A Rumbold, E Hoon, D Stuart-Butler, V Moore
BACKGROUND: The term 'emotional labour' has been used to describe the competing demands on midwives to empathize with clients whilst maintaining a level of professional detachment. Previous research indicates that when individuals experience difficulty managing these emotions, burnout may result. Aboriginal health care workers often have roles with large emotional demands, as they are relied upon heavily to engage clients in care. However, the concept of emotional labour has received little attention in relation to this group...
July 14, 2017: Women and Birth: Journal of the Australian College of Midwives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716501/high-incidence-of-recess-formation-at-myopectineal-orifice-during-laparoscopic-surgery
#4
Yuka Mine, Fumihiko Fujita, Hiroko Kinoe, Yousuke Inoue, Kosyo Yamanouchi, Kengo Kanetaka, Kazuma Kobayashi, Mitsuhisa Takatsuki, Susumu Eguchi
BACKGROUND: Groin hernias are frequently seen in clinical practice. The purpose of this study was to determine the rate of patients who might have latent groin hernia. METHODS: During laparoscopic abdominal surgery, we observed the area around the groin lesion and attempted to evaluate the degree of recess at myopectineal orifice. The classification defining the recess was as follows: Grade 0: no recess, Grade I: slight recess with a visible bottom, Grade II: deep recess with an invisible bottom, Grade III: other organ invaginated into the recess, and Grade IV: confirmed bulging on the body surface...
July 14, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715973/the-molecular-basis-for-human-immunodeficiency-virus-latency
#5
Uri Mbonye, Jonathan Karn
Although potent combination antiretroviral therapy can effectively block viral replication in the host, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) persists due to the existence of latent but replication-competent proviruses residing primarily in a very small population of resting memory CD4(+) T cells. Viral latency is established when the expression of the autoregulatory viral trans-activating factor Tat is reduced to subthreshold levels. The absence of Tat reduces HIV transcription and protein production to levels that make the host cell invisible to the immune system and refractory to antiretroviral treatment...
July 17, 2017: Annual Review of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715612/it-s-complicated-navigating-multiple-identities-in-small-town-america
#6
Angela D Ferguson, Marie L Miville
During the past few years, research focused on individuals who identify as gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) have increased. However, much of this literature focuses on White LGBT individuals, and less on individuals who have intersected identities, such as being both gay/lesbian and a person of color. Consequently, this population becomes obscured in scholarly discourses, thus being made "invisible" with regard to theory, research, and clinical interventions, with the result that clinicians are provided little or no knowledge of theories or best practices when working with individuals who are both sexual minority and people of color...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712810/conformational-heterogeneity-in-the-activation-mechanism-of-bax
#7
C Ashley Barnes, Pushpa Mishra, James L Baber, Marie-Paule Strub, Nico Tjandra
Bax is known for its pro-apoptotic role within the mitochondrial pathway of apoptosis. However, the mechanism for transitioning Bax from cytosolic to membrane-bound oligomer remains elusive. Previous nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) and electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) studies defined monomeric Bax as conformationally homogeneous. Yet it has recently been proposed that monomeric Bax exists in equilibrium with a minor state that is distinctly different from its NMR structure. Here, we revisited the structural analysis of Bax using methods uniquely suited for unveiling "invisible" states of proteins, namely, NMR paramagnetic relaxation enhancements and EPR double electron-electron resonance (DEER)...
July 3, 2017: Structure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712202/stillbirths-what-can-be-done-to-confront-an-invisible-public-health-problem-in-pakistan
#8
Babar Tasneem Shaikh, Assad Hafeez, Saima Hamid
Pakistan has been ranked highest and appears worst in stillbirths' rate according to the recent global estimates. Reasons could be manifold; socio-cultural, health system related country specific, and some of these of course déjà vu, i.e., the biomedical causes. Yet, a fresh stocktaking is necessary to understand the complex phenomenon in a country, awfully affected by this menace. Maternal, neonatal and child health program needs to be informed and geared up toward addressing the actual reasons behind this heavy toll of stillbirths in Pakistan...
January 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710724/best-candidates-for-dopamine-agonist-withdrawal-in-patients-with-prolactinomas
#9
Myoung Jin Ji, Jung Hee Kim, Ji Hyun Lee, Jung Hyun Lee, Yong Hwy Kim, Sun Ha Paek, Chan Soo Shin, Seong Yeon Kim
PURPOSE: Dopamine agonist (DA) therapy is recommended as the first-line treatment for prolactinomas. However, it requires long treatment duration, and a high recurrence rate after DA withdrawal has been reported. We aimed to elucidate the predictors for long-term remission following DA withdrawal and propose the best candidates who can achieve complete remission after DA withdrawal. METHODS: In a retrospective cohort study, we included 89 patients with prolactinoma who have withdrawn DAs with normal prolactin (PRL) levels at Seoul National University Hospital, from 2000 to 2016...
July 14, 2017: Pituitary
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705123/surgery-of-patellar-fractures-using-a-medial-parapatellar-approach
#10
Yong-Cheol Yoon, Jae-Ang Sim, Jin-Hun Hong
PURPOSE: The general surgical approach for patellar fractures has a significant weakness, in that the articular facet is invisible because the fixation is performed using radiation amplifiers after exposing the fracture site through vertical or transverse dissection on the anterior patella. We report excellent outcomes in the surgical treatment of patellar fractures, using a medial parapatellar approach. METHODS: This study evaluated 20 patients who underwent surgery between August 2008 and April 2014 to correct patellar fractures with comminution or with displacement of the articular facet of ≥2 mm and who had ≥1 year of follow-up...
May 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695443/3d-experimental-and-computational-analysis-of-eccentric-mitral-regurgitant-jets-in-a-mock-imaging-heart-chamber
#11
Yifan Wang, Annalisa Quaini, Sunčica Čanić, Marija Vukicevic, Stephen H Little
Mitral valve regurgitation (MR) is a disorder of the heart in which the mitral valve does not close properly. This causes an abnormal leaking of blood backwards from the left ventricle into the left atrium during the systolic contractions of the left ventricle. Noninvasive assessment of MR using echocardiography is an ongoing challenge. In particular, a major problem are eccentric or Coanda regurgitant jets which hug the walls of the left atrium and appear smaller in the color Doppler image of regurgitant flow...
July 10, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692965/3d-reconstruction-in-the-presence-of-glass-and-mirrors-by-acoustic-and-visual-fusion
#12
Yu Zhang, Mao Ye, Dinesh Manocha, Ruigang Yang
We present a practical and inexpensive method to reconstruct 3D scenes that include transparent and mirror objects. Our work is motivated by the need for automatically generating 3D models of interior scenes, which commonly include glass. These large structures are often invisible to cameras. Existing 3D reconstruction methods for transparent objects are usually not applicable in such a room-sized reconstruction setting. Our simple hardware setup augments a regular depth camera with a single ultrasonic sensor, which is able to measure the distance to any object, including transparent surfaces...
July 6, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Pattern Analysis and Machine Intelligence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690534/a-case-of-rhegmatogenous-retinal-detachment-at-late-stage-following-endogenous-bacterial-endophthalmitis
#13
Daisaku Kimura, Takaki Sato, Hiroyuki Suzuki, Ryohsuke Kohmoto, Masanori Fukumoto, Kensuke Tajiri, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Teruyo Kida, Tsunehiko Ikeda
PURPOSE: To report a case of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment in the late stage, despite the fact that it had previously been halted after intravitreal injection of an antimicrobial agent against endogenous bacterial endophthalmitis (EBE). CASE: This study involved a 62-year-old male who had previously been diagnosed with septicemia due to liver abscess and the detection of Klebsiella pneumoniae in a culture of his liver abscess, and who underwent ophthalmic examination after his conjunctival hyperemia had failed to improve...
May 2017: Case Reports in Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690078/continuous-flash-suppression-stimulus-fractionation-rather-than-integration
#14
Pieter Moors, Guido Hesselmann, Johan Wagemans, Raymond van Ee
Recent studies using continuous flash suppression suggest that invisible stimuli are processed as integrated, semantic entities. We challenge the viability of this account, given recent findings on the neural basis of interocular suppression and replication failures of high-profile CFS studies. We conclude that CFS reveals stimulus fractionation in visual cortex.
July 6, 2017: Trends in Cognitive Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687845/wayfinding-and-glaucoma-a-virtual-reality-experiment
#15
Fábio B Daga, Eduardo Macagno, Cory Stevenson, Ahmed Elhosseiny, Alberto Diniz-Filho, Erwin R Boer, Jürgen Schulze, Felipe A Medeiros
Purpose: Wayfinding, the process of determining and following a route between an origin and a destination, is an integral part of everyday tasks. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of glaucomatous visual field loss on wayfinding behavior using an immersive virtual reality (VR) environment. Methods: This cross-sectional study included 31 glaucomatous patients and 20 healthy subjects without evidence of overall cognitive impairment. Wayfinding experiments were modeled after the Morris water maze navigation task and conducted in an immersive VR environment...
July 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685596/amelanotic-lentigo-maligna-melanoma-mohs-surgery-as-the-definitive-treatment-of-an-invisible-tumour
#16
Marisa Grace Ponzo, Richard Ian Crawford, Irèn Kossintseva
Amelanotic lentigo maligna melanoma represents <2% of melanomas. Diagnosis is delayed owing to the lack of lesion pigmentation and advanced disease at presentation. Excision with appropriate margins is the treatment standard, but the starting point for such margins is often unclear. We describe 2 patients with amelanotic melanoma treated by Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) that would not have been cleared by wide local excision alone and provide an extensive review of the literature. Both patients presented with histologic diagnoses of malignant melanoma, one with a barely perceptible biopsy site scar on the left infraorbital cheek/lower eyelid (Breslow 1...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684759/social-coordination-information-in-dynamic-chase-modulates-eeg-mu-rhythm
#17
Jun Yin, Xiaowei Ding, Haokui Xu, Feng Zhang, Mowei Shen
Understanding actions plays an impressive role in our social life. Such processing has been suggested to be reflected by EEG Mu rhythm (8-13 Hz in sensorimotor regions). However, it remains unclear whether Mu rhythm is modulated by the social nature of coordination information in interactive actions (i.e., inter-dependency). This study used a novel manipulation of social coordination information: in a computer-based task, participants viewed a replay of two chasers chasing a common target coordinately (coordinated chase) or independently (solo chase)...
July 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681842/transparent-flexible-thermoelectric-material-based-on-non-toxic-earth-abundant-p-type-copper-iodide-thin-film
#18
C Yang, D Souchay, M Kneiß, M Bogner, H M Wei, M Lorenz, O Oeckler, G Benstetter, Y Q Fu, M Grundmann
Thermoelectric devices that are flexible and optically transparent hold unique promise for future electronics. However, development of invisible thermoelectric elements is hindered by the lack of p-type transparent thermoelectric materials. Here we present the superior room-temperature thermoelectric performance of p-type transparent copper iodide (CuI) thin films. Large Seebeck coefficients and power factors of the obtained CuI thin films are analysed based on a single-band model. The low-thermal conductivity of the CuI films is attributed to a combined effect of the heavy element iodine and strong phonon scattering...
July 6, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681130/role-of-consciousness-in-temporal-integration-of-semantic-information
#19
Yung-Hao Yang, Yung-Hsuan Tien, Pei-Ling Yang, Su-Ling Yeh
Previous studies found that word meaning can be processed unconsciously. Yet it remains unknown whether temporally segregated words can be integrated into a holistic meaningful phrase without consciousness. The first four experiments were designed to examine this by sequentially presenting the first three words of Chinese four-word idioms as prime to one eye and dynamic Mondrians to the other (i.e., the continuous flash suppression paradigm; CFS). An unmasked target word followed the three masked words in a lexical decision task...
July 5, 2017: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680414/multiple-group-membership-and-well-being-is-there-always-strength-in-numbers
#20
Anders L Sønderlund, Thomas A Morton, Michelle K Ryan
A growing body of research points to the value of multiple group memberships for individual well-being. However, much of this work considers group memberships very broadly and in terms of number alone. We conducted two correlational studies exploring how the relationship between multiple group membership and well-being is shaped by (a) the complexity of those groups within the overall self-concept (i.e., social identity complexity: SIC), and (b) the perceived value and visibility of individual group memberships to others (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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