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Vessel sprouting

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723974/alginate-hydrogels-allow-for-bioactive-and-sustained-release-of-vegf-c-and-vegf-d-for-lymphangiogenic-therapeutic-applications
#1
Kevin T Campbell, Dustin J Hadley, David L Kukis, Eduardo A Silva
Lymphatic dysfunction is associated with the progression of many cardiovascular disorders due to their role in maintaining tissue fluid homeostasis. Promoting new lymphatic vessels (lymphangiogenesis) is a promising strategy to reverse these cardiovascular disorders via restoring lymphatic function. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) members VEGF-C and VEGF-D are both potent candidates for stimulating lymphangiogenesis, though maintaining spatial and temporal control of these factors represents a challenge to developing efficient therapeutic lymphangiogenic applications...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721809/acellular-spinal-cord-scaffold-implantation-promotes-vascular-remodeling-with-sustained-delivery-of-vegf-in-a-rat-spinal-cord-hemisection-model
#2
Zi-Xing Xu, Li-Qun Zhang, Chang-Sheng Wang, Rong-Sheng Chen, Gui-Shuang Li, Yu Guo, Wei-Hong Xu
: Background: Promoting angiogenesis provides a possible therapeutic approach in treating spinal cord injury (SCI). Vascular endothelial growth fact (VEGF) is a pro-angiogenic substance that involves in endothelial cell (EC) proliferation, migration, and survival. Exogenous administration of VEGF to the lesion epicenter of the spinal cord has been recently revealed as a potential method for promoting the blood vessel sprouting. METHODS: Spinal cord hemisection in a rat model was established and angiogenesis was studied through implant of an acellular spinal cord scaffold (ASCS) with sustained delivery of VEGF165...
July 17, 2017: Current Neurovascular Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719590/pericyte-expressed-tie2-controls-angiogenesis-and-vessel-maturation
#3
Martin Teichert, Laura Milde, Annegret Holm, Laura Stanicek, Nicolas Gengenbacher, Soniya Savant, Tina Ruckdeschel, Zulfiyya Hasanov, Kshitij Srivastava, Junhao Hu, Stella Hertel, Arne Bartol, Katharina Schlereth, Hellmut G Augustin
The Tie receptors with their Angiopoietin ligands act as regulators of angiogenesis and vessel maturation. Tie2 exerts its functions through its supposed endothelial-specific expression. Yet, Tie2 is also expressed at lower levels by pericytes and it has not been unravelled through which mechanisms pericyte Angiopoietin/Tie signalling affects angiogenesis. Here we show that human and murine pericytes express functional Tie2 receptor. Silencing of Tie2 in pericytes results in a pro-migratory phenotype. Pericyte Tie2 controls sprouting angiogenesis in in vitro sprouting and in vivo spheroid assays...
July 18, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718406/targeting-hypoxia-inducible-factors-for-antiangiogenic-cancer-therapy
#4
REVIEW
Sergio Rey, Luana Schito, Bradly G Wouters, Scott Eliasof, Robert S Kerbel
Hypoxia (low O2) is a pathobiological hallmark of solid cancers, resulting from the imbalance between cellular O2 consumption and availability. Hypoxic cancer cells (CCs) stimulate blood vessel sprouting (angiogenesis), aimed at restoring O2 delivery to the expanding tumor masses through the activation of a transcriptional program mediated by hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs). Here, we review recent data suggesting that the efficacy of antiangiogenic (AA) therapies is limited in some circumstances by HIF-dependent compensatory responses to increased intratumoral hypoxia...
July 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717175/snake-venom-vegf-vammin-induces-a-highly-efficient-angiogenic-response-in-skeletal-muscle-via-vegfr-2-nrp-specific-signaling
#5
Pyry I Toivanen, Tiina Nieminen, Johanna P Laakkonen, Tommi Heikura, Minna U Kaikkonen, Seppo Ylä-Herttuala
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factors (VEGFs) are promising molecules for the treatment of ischemic diseases by pro-angiogenic therapy. Snake venom VEGFs are a novel subgroup with unique receptor binding profiles and as such are potential new therapeutic agents. We determined the ligand-receptor interactions, gene regulation and angiogenic properties of Vipera ammodytes venom VEGF, Vammin, and compared it to the canonical angiogenic factor VEGF-A to evaluate the use of Vammin for therapeutic angiogenesis. Vammin efficiently induced VEGFR-2 mediated proliferation and expression of genes associated with proliferation, migration and angiogenesis...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714969/endothelial-notch-signalling-limits-angiogenesis-via-control-of-artery-formation
#6
Sana S Hasan, Roman Tsaryk, Martin Lange, Laura Wisniewski, John C Moore, Nathan D Lawson, Karolina Wojciechowska, Hans Schnittler, Arndt F Siekmann
Angiogenic sprouting needs to be tightly controlled. It has been suggested that the Notch ligand dll4 expressed in leading tip cells restricts angiogenesis by activating Notch signalling in trailing stalk cells. Here, we show using live imaging in zebrafish that activation of Notch signalling is rather required in tip cells. Notch activation initially triggers expression of the chemokine receptor cxcr4a. This allows for proper tip cell migration and connection to the pre-existing arterial circulation, ultimately establishing functional arterial-venous blood flow patterns...
July 17, 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714968/dll4-and-notch-signalling-couples-sprouting-angiogenesis-and-artery-formation
#7
Mara E Pitulescu, Inga Schmidt, Benedetto Daniele Giaimo, Tobiah Antoine, Frank Berkenfeld, Francesca Ferrante, Hongryeol Park, Manuel Ehling, Daniel Biljes, Susana F Rocha, Urs H Langen, Martin Stehling, Takashi Nagasawa, Napoleone Ferrara, Tilman Borggrefe, Ralf H Adams
Endothelial sprouting and proliferation are tightly coordinated processes mediating the formation of new blood vessels during physiological and pathological angiogenesis. Endothelial tip cells lead sprouts and are thought to suppress tip-like behaviour in adjacent stalk endothelial cells by activating Notch. Here, we show with genetic experiments in postnatal mice that the level of active Notch signalling is more important than the direct Dll4-mediated cell-cell communication between endothelial cells. We identify endothelial expression of VEGF-A and of the chemokine receptor CXCR4 as key processes controlling Notch-dependent vessel growth...
July 17, 2017: Nature Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714275/fucoidan-induced-osteogenic-differentiation-promotes-angiogenesis-by-inducing-vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-secretion-and-accelerates-bone-repair
#8
Beom-Su Kim, Sun-Sik Yang, Hyung-Keun You, Hong-In Shin, Jun Lee
Osteogenesis and angiogenesis, including cell-cell communication between blood vessel cells and bone cells, are essential for bone repair. Fucoidan is a chemical compound that has a variety of biological activities. It stimulates osteoblast differentiation in human mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), which in turn induces angiogenesis. However, the mechanism by which this communication between osteoblasts and endothelial cells is mediated remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to clarify the relationship between fucoidan-induced osteoblastic differentiation in MSCs and angiogenesis in endothelial cells...
July 16, 2017: Journal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707601/potential-role-of-natural-compounds-as-anti-angiogenic-agents-in-cancer
#9
Muthu K Shanmugam, Sudha Warrier, Alan Prem Kumar, Gautam Sethi, Frank Arfuso
BACKGROUND: Neovascularization, also known as angiogenesis, is the process of capillary sprouting from pre-existing blood vessels. This physiological process is a hallmark event in normal embryonic development as blood vessels generally supply both oxygen and nutrients to the cells of the body. Any disruption in this process can lead to the development of various chronic diseases, including cancer. In cancer, aberrant angiogenesis plays a prominent role in maintaining sustained tumor growth to malignant phenotypes and promoting metastasis...
July 12, 2017: Current Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694177/spheroids-as-vascularization-units-from-angiogenesis-research-to-tissue-engineering-applications
#10
REVIEW
Matthias W Laschke, Michael D Menger
Multi-cellular spheroids mimic the complex three-dimensional environment of natural tissues. Accordingly, they are also used as vascularization units in angiogenesis research and regenerative medicine. Spheroid sprouting assays are versatile in vitro models for the analysis of molecular and cellular determinants of blood vessel development, including different endothelial cell phenotypes, pro- and anti-angiogenic factors as well as cell-matrix and cell-cell interactions. In tissue engineering, spheroids serve in vivo as paracrine stimulators of angiogenesis and building blocks for the generation of prevascularized microtissues and branched vascular trees in macrotissues...
July 7, 2017: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659375/role-of-glutamine-and-interlinked-asparagine-metabolism-in-vessel-formation
#11
Hongling Huang, Saar Vandekeere, Joanna Kalucka, Laura Bierhansl, Annalisa Zecchin, Ulrike Brüning, Asjad Visnagri, Nadira Yuldasheva, Jermaine Goveia, Bert Cruys, Katleen Brepoels, Sabine Wyns, Stephen Rayport, Bart Ghesquière, Stefan Vinckier, Luc Schoonjans, Richard Cubbon, Mieke Dewerchin, Guy Eelen, Peter Carmeliet
Endothelial cell (EC) metabolism is emerging as a regulator of angiogenesis, but the precise role of glutamine metabolism in ECs is unknown. Here, we show that depriving ECs of glutamine or inhibiting glutaminase 1 (GLS1) caused vessel sprouting defects due to impaired proliferation and migration, and reduced pathological ocular angiogenesis. Inhibition of glutamine metabolism in ECs did not cause energy distress, but impaired tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle anaplerosis, macromolecule production, and redox homeostasis...
June 28, 2017: EMBO Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658313/a-novel-in-vivo-model-of-puncture-induced-iris-neovascularization
#12
Ophélie Beaujean, Filippo Locri, Monica Aronsson, Anders Kvanta, Helder André
PURPOSE: To assess iris neovascularization by uveal puncture of the mouse eye and determine the role of angiogenic factors during iris neovascularization. METHODS: Uveal punctures were performed on BalbC mouse eyes to induce iris angiogenesis. VEGF-blockage was used as an anti-angiogenic treatment, while normoxia- and hypoxia-conditioned media from retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells was used as an angiogenic-inducer in this model. Iris vasculature was determined in vivo by noninvasive methods...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649987/a-ppar%C3%AE-transcriptional-cascade-directs-adipose-progenitor-cell-niche-interaction-and-niche-expansion
#13
Yuwei Jiang, Daniel C Berry, Ayoung Jo, Wei Tang, Robert W Arpke, Michael Kyba, Jonathan M Graff
Adipose progenitor cells (APCs) reside in a vascular niche, located within the perivascular compartment of adipose tissue blood vessels. Yet, the signals and mechanisms that govern adipose vascular niche formation and APC niche interaction are unknown. Here we show that the assembly and maintenance of the adipose vascular niche is controlled by PPARγ acting within APCs. PPARγ triggers a molecular hierarchy that induces vascular sprouting, APC vessel niche affinity and APC vessel occupancy. Mechanistically, PPARγ transcriptionally activates PDGFRβ and VEGF...
June 26, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634954/3d-anastomosed-microvascular-network-model-with-living-capillary-networks-and-endothelial-cell-lined-microfluidic-channels
#14
Xiaolin Wang, Duc T T Phan, Steven C George, Christopher C W Hughes, Abraham P Lee
This protocol describes detailed practical procedures for generating 3D intact and perfusable microvascular network that connects to microfluidic channels without appreciable leakage. This advanced 3D microvascular network model incorporates different stages of vascular development including vasculogenesis, endothelial cell (EC) lining, sprouting angiogenesis, and anastomosis in sequential order. The capillary network is first induced via vasculogenesis in a middle tissue chamber and then EC linings along the microfluidic channel on either side serve as artery and vein...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629427/targeting-vegfr-3-2-signaling-pathways-with-ad0157-a-potential-strategy-against-tumor-associated-lymphangiogenesis-and-lymphatic-metastases
#15
Melissa García-Caballero, Jenny Paupert, Silvia Blacher, Maureen Van de Velde, Ana Rodríguez Quesada, Miguel Angel Medina, Agnès Noël
BACKGROUND: Lymphatic metastasis is one of the leading causes of death in patients with different types of cancer and is the main prognostic factor for the disease survival. The formation of new lymphatic vessels (lymphangiogenesis) in primary tumors facilitates tumor cell dissemination to regional lymph nodes and correlates with distant metastases. Lymphangiogenesis has thus emerged as a suitable therapeutic target to block metastases, but no anti-lymphangiogenic compounds have been approved for clinical use to date...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627621/identification-of-different-macrophage-subpopulations-with-distinct-activities-in-a-mouse-model-of-oxygen-induced-retinopathy
#16
Yanji Zhu, Ling Zhang, Qing Lu, Yushuo Gao, Yujuan Cai, Ailing Sui, Ting Su, Xi Shen, Bing Xie
The aim of the present study was to characterize the phenotypic shift, quantity and role changes in different subgroups of retinal macrophages in a mouse model of oxygen-induced retinopathy (OIR). The mRNA expression levels of macrophage M1 and M2 subgroup marker genes and polarization-associated genes were analyzed by RT-qPCR. The number of M1 and M2 macrophages in our mouse model of OIR was analyzed by flow cytometry at different time points during the progression of OIR. Immunofluorescence whole mount staining of the retinas of mice with OIR was performed at different time points to examine the influx of macrophages, as well as the morphological characteristics and roles of M1 and M2 macrophages...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626028/excess-centrosomes-induce-p53-dependent-senescence-without-dna-damage-in-endothelial-cells
#17
Zhixian Yu, Dana L Ruter, Erich J Kushner, Victoria L Bautch
Tumor blood vessels support tumor growth and progression. Centrosomes are microtubule organization centers in cells, and often up to 30% of tumor endothelial cells (ECs) acquire excess (>2) centrosomes. Although excess centrosomes can lead to aneuploidy and chromosome instability in tumor cells, how untransformed ECs respond to excess centrosomes is poorly understood. We found that the frequency of primary human ECs with excess centrosomes was quickly reduced in a p53-dependent manner. Excess centrosomes in ECs were associated with p53 phosphorylation at Ser33, increased p21 levels, and decreased cell proliferation and expression of senescence markers, but independent of DNA damage and apoptosis...
June 16, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618962/amelioration-of-dalton-s-lymphoma-induced-angiogenesis-by-melatonin
#18
Rani Kumari, Kavita Rawat, Anupma Kumari, Anju Shrivastava
For tumor to grow beyond 1-2 mm(3) size, tumor recruits new blood vessels referred as angiogenesis; therefore, targeting angiogenesis can be a promising strategy to suppress cancer progression. In this study, in order to develop a good angiogenesis model, we investigated effect of Dalton's lymphoma on angiogenesis and further monitored the role of melatonin on regulation of angiogenesis. To evaluate angiogenesis, endothelial cells were isolated from main thoracic aorta and cultured in vitro in the presence or absence of Dalton's lymphoma supplemented with or without melatonin to monitor their role on its proliferation and migration, a hallmark of angiogenesis...
June 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589930/dynamic-alterations-in-decoy-vegf-receptor-1-stability-regulate-angiogenesis
#19
Joshua M Boucher, Ryan P Clark, Diana C Chong, Kathryn M Citrin, Lyndsay A Wylie, Victoria L Bautch
Blood vessel expansion is driven by sprouting angiogenesis of endothelial cells, and is essential for development, wound healing and disease. Membrane-localized vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-1 (mVEGFR1) is an endothelial cell-intrinsic decoy receptor that negatively modulates blood vessel morphogenesis. Here we show that dynamic regulation of mVEGFR1 stability and turnover in blood vessels impacts angiogenesis. mVEGFR1 is highly stable and constitutively internalizes from the plasma membrane. Post-translational palmitoylation of mVEGFR1 is a binary stabilization switch, and ligand engagement leads to depalmitoylation and lysosomal degradation...
June 7, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584077/vascular-sprouts-induce-local-attraction-of-proangiogenic-neutrophils
#20
Gustaf Christoffersson, Jalal Lomei, Paul O'Callaghan, Johan Kreuger, Stefan Engblom, Mia Phillipson
Angiogenesis, the growth of new blood vessels, is a complex process requiring the orchestration of numerous different cell types, growth factors, and chemokines. Some of the recently acknowledged actors in this process are immune cells. They accumulate at hypoxic sites, but the kinetics, dynamics, and regulation of that trafficking are unknown. In this study, we used intravital and live cell imaging to understand how neutrophils and macrophages migrate and behave at angiogenic sites. We developed two reproducible models of angiogenesis: one by transplanting isolated and hypoxic pancreatic islets into the cremaster muscles of mice, and another by in vitro coculturing of mouse aortic rings with neutrophils...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Leukocyte Biology
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