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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726143/endoscopic-management-of-post-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-stenosis
#1
Valérie Deslauriers, Amélie Beauchamp, Fabio Garofalo, Henri Atlas, Ronald Denis, Pierre Garneau, Radu Pescarus
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is the most popular bariatric surgery worldwide. Gastric sleeve stenosis is the most common postoperative complication, occurring in up to 3.9% of the cases. Current treatment options include endoscopic treatments, such as dilatations and stent placement as well as surgical revisions such as laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), wedge gastrectomy or seromyotomy. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of our prospectively collected therapeutical endoscopy database was performed between January 2014 and February 2017...
July 19, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725962/optimal-positioning-of-the-nipple-areola-complex-in-men-using-the-mohrenheim-estimated-tangential-tracking-line-mett-line-an-intuitive-approach
#2
Tobias R Mett, Nicco Krezdorn, Rosalia Luketina, Maria K Boyce, Helga Henseler, Ramin Ipaktchi, Peter M Vogt
INTRODUCTION: The reconstruction of the body shape after post-bariatric surgery or high-grade gynecomastia involves, besides skin tightening, the repositioning of anatomical, apparent landmarks. The surgeon usually defines these during the preoperative planning. In particular, the positions of the nipple-areola complexes (NAC) should contribute to the gender-appropriate appearance. While in the female breast numerous methods have been developed to determine the optimal position of the NACs, there are only a few, metric and often impractical algorithms for positioning the nipples and areoles in the male...
July 19, 2017: Aesthetic Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712976/repetitive-eating-questionnaire-rep-eat-q-enlightening-the-concept-of-grazing-and-psychometric-properties-in-a-portuguese-sample
#3
Eva M Conceição, James E Mitchell, Paulo P P Machado, Ana R Vaz, Ana Pinto-Bastos, Sofia Ramalho, Isabel Brandão, Joana Botelho Simões, Marta de Lourdes, Ana Catarina Freitas
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Grazing has been associated with poor weight loss or weight regain in obese patients undergoing bariatric surgery, but research remains scarce and complicated by the use of different non-validated measures. The aim of this paper is to describe the validation of the Rep(eat)-Q, a self-report measure developed to assess grazing, and investigates its relationship with BMI and psychopathology. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 1223 university students and community participants (non-clinical; Study A) and 154 pre-bariatric and 84 post-bariatric patients (Study B) completed a set of self-report measures, including the Rep(eat)-Q (worded in Portuguese), to assess disordered eating, depression, anxiety, stress and impulsivity...
July 13, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707046/understanding-the-post-surgical-bariatric-experiences-of-patients-two-or-more-years-after-surgery
#4
Rebecca H Liu, Jennifer D Irwin
BACKGROUND: In Canada, one year after bariatric surgery follow-up appointments become less frequent and surgical recipients must cope with weight management more independently. Up to 50% of patients experience weight regain by two years post-surgery. Understanding the lived experiences of those who have gone through the bariatric process may shed light on what is needed to support others moving forward. Therefore, the purpose of the study was to gain an understanding of the physical, psychological, social, and clinic-related experiences of individuals who have undergone bariatric surgery at least two years prior...
July 13, 2017: Quality of Life Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702740/large-bariatric-specific-stents-and-over-the-scope-clips-in-the-management-of-post-bariatric-surgery-leaks
#5
Hany Shehab, Emad Abdallah, Khaled Gawdat, Inas Elattar
BACKGROUND: Endoscopic stents are successful in the management of surgical leaks; however, stent migration remains a significant problem. In this study, we present our approach depending on a large bariatrics-specific stent (Mega stent) and over-the-scope clips in the management of post-bariatric surgery leaks. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all patients with post-bariatric surgery leaks treated at our institution using an approach reliant on Mega stents and over-the-scope clips was conducted...
July 12, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698749/the-role-of-sleeve-gastrectomy-on-preventing-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#6
Sabri Özdaş, Serdar Olt, Mehmet Şirik
AIM: To investigate the effect of bariatric surgery on HbA1c and serum cortisol levels in morbidly obese patients without type 2 diabetes mellitus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-nine patients who underwent sleeve gastrectomy and whose body mass index was> 40 were included in the present study. Patients' files were reviewed retrospectively. Those with diabetes mellitus and those with age <18 were excluded from the study. Pre-operative and 1-year post operative data were documented...
June 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28695875/can-bariatric-surgery-delay-the-need-for-knee-replacement-in-morbidly-obese-osteoarthritis-patients
#7
Lajja Rishi, Mohit Bhandari, Ravindra Kumar
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to find the weight reduction pattern and its outcome on knee pain and function in osteoarthritis (OA) morbidly obese patients' post-bariatric surgery with dietary and exercise changes. METHODOLOGY: Thirty morbidly obese (body mass index [BMI] >40 kg/m2) OA patients gave consent for bariatric surgery. Despite wearisome lifestyle modifications for weight loss and knee pain, satisfactory results were not retrieved. We took consent from all the patients predetermined for knee replacement in future because of pain and disability as recommended by knee replacement surgeon...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691740/nutritional-monitoring-of-patients-post-bariatric-surgery-implications-for-smartphone-applications
#8
L Elvin-Walsh, M Ferguson, P F Collins
BACKGROUND: Optimal results from bariatric surgery are contingent on patient commitment to dietary and lifestyle changes and follow-up care. The present study aimed to investigate the attitudes and use of mobile health (mHealth) smartphone applications (apps) as a potential tool for maintaining connectivity between dietitians and patients post-bariatric surgery. METHODS: A cross-sectional online survey was developed and distributed to a purposeful sample of bariatric dietitians and bariatric patients in Australia...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689733/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-from-a-single-center-in-mainland-china
#9
Pankaj Kumar Hans, Wei Guan, Shibo Lin, Hui Liang
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) is at present the most popular bariatric procedure due to its significant weight loss, remission of co-morbidities, and acceptable morbidity. But, there are not many studies showing its long term efficacy and safety in Chinese patients. The aim of this study is to give five results of LSG in terms of weight loss, co-morbidity (Type 2 diabetes mellitus) resolution and possible complications from a single center in mainland China...
July 7, 2017: Asian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685028/bariatric-surgery-and-obesity-influence-on-the-incretins
#10
REVIEW
B Laferrère
The gut hormone incretins have an important physiological role in meal-related insulin release and post-prandial glucose control. In addition to weight loss, the incretin hormones have a role in glucose control after bariatric surgery. The release of incretins, and specifically of glucagon-like peptide (GLP)-1, in response to the ingestion of nutrients, is greatly enhanced after gastric bypass (RYGBP). The rapid transit of food from the gastric pouch to the distal ileum is responsible for the greater GLP-1 release after RYGBP...
December 2016: International Journal of Obesity Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681263/the-role-of-attachment-in-body-weight-and-weight-loss-in-bariatric-patients
#11
Abigail Nancarrow, Amelia Hollywood, Jane Ogden, Majid Hashemi
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to explore the role of attachment styles in obesity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study explored differences in insecure attachment styles between an obese sample waiting for bariatric surgery (n = 195) and an age, sex and height matched normal weight control group (n = 195). It then explored the role of attachment styles in predicting change in BMI 1 year post bariatric surgery (n = 143). RESULTS: The bariatric group reported significantly higher levels of anxious attachment and lower levels of avoidant attachment than the control non-obese group...
July 6, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681214/management-of-post-bariatric-surgery-emergencies
#12
Elias Chousleb, Alberto Chousleb
Management of post-bariatric surgery emergencies is common practice in the USA and the world. Due to the popularity and widespread use of bariatric procedures to treat obesity and its comorbidities, emergency physicians and general surgeons will be challenged with the treatment of short- and long-term complications of bariatric procedures. In this article, we evaluate the most common long-term complications of the most commonly performed bariatric interventions.
July 5, 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676957/health-related-quality-of-life-after-laparoscopic-gastric-bypass-surgery-with-or-without-closure-of-the-mesenteric-defects-a-post-hoc-analysis-of-data-from-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#13
Erik Stenberg, Eva Szabo, Johan Ottosson, Anders Thorell, Ingmar Näslund
BACKGROUND: Mesenteric defect closure in laparoscopic gastric bypass surgery has been reported to reduce the risk for small bowel obstruction. Little is known, however, about the effect of mesenteric defect closure on patient-reported outcome. The aim of the present study was to see if mesenteric defect closure affects health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) after laparoscopic gastric bypass. METHODS: Patients operated at 12 centers for bariatric surgery participated in this randomized two-arm parallel study...
July 4, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676678/changes-in-telomere-length-3-5-years-after-gastric-bypass-surgery
#14
R Dersham, X Chu, G C Wood, P Benotti, C D Still, D D Rolston
Increased inflammation and oxidative stress associated with obesity can accelerate aging. Telomere length (TL) has the capacity to serve as an aging indicator at the cellular level. Obesity has a known association with shorter TL. This study evaluated TL of immune cells in a population of obese individuals who underwent gastric bypass surgery. Pre and post-operative DNA samples were available for 50 subjects who had gastric bypass surgery. DNA was analyzed via quantitative polymerase chain reaction (q-PCR) to determine TL...
July 5, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673470/differential-acute-and-chronic-responses-in-insulin-action-in-cultured-myotubes-following-from-nondiabetic-severely-obese-humans-following-gastric-bypass-surgery
#15
J Matthew Hinkley, Kai Zou, Sanghee Park, Donghai Zheng, G Lynis Dohm, Joseph A Houmard
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery has been shown to induce positive metabolic adaptations for individuals with severe obesity (body mass index ≥40 kg/m(2)), including improved peripheral insulin action. Although a major site of insulin action, the time course changes in skeletal muscle glucose metabolism following RYGB is unclear. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the acute and chronic effects of RYGB surgery on insulin-stimulated glucose metabolism in cultured human primary myotubes derived from nondiabetic severely obese humans...
May 26, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663075/a-comparison-of-perceived-and-calculated-weight-status-classification-congruence-between-pre-and-post-bariatric-surgery-patients
#16
Megan Ferriby, Keeley Pratt, Sabrena Noria, Bradley Needleman
BACKGROUND: One prominent reason patients undergo bariatric surgery is to reduce their excess weight and body mass index. Weight status classifications (WSCs), based on calculated body mass index, organize patients into distinct groups (underweight, healthy weight, overweight, class I obesity, class II obesity, and class III obesity) for treatment recommendations, including surgery for patients with obesity. Bariatric patients' perceptions of their WSC is important to consider, because patients who accurately perceive their WSC presurgery have greater motivation for health behavior changes; alternatively, incongruence between perceived and calculated WSC could deter motivation and ultimately their health changes postsurgery...
May 15, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28660430/mammographic-breast-density-decreases-after-bariatric-surgery
#17
Austin D Williams, Alycia So, Marie Synnestvedt, Colleen M Tewksbury, Despina Kontos, Meng-Kang Hsiehm, Lauren Pantalone, Emily F Conant, Mitchell Schnall, Kristoffel Dumon, Noel Williams, Julia Tchou
PURPOSE: Breast density (BD), an important risk factor for breast cancer, can change over time in some women, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Very little is known about the impact of surgical weight loss on BD. Our hypothesis is that weight loss after bariatric surgery is associated with a significant and favorable change in mammographic BD. METHODS: We identified 1097 women 40 years of age or older who underwent gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy at our institution from 2010 to 2014...
June 28, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658332/does-the-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-interfere-with-bariatric-surgery-results
#18
Doglas Gobbi Marchesi, Jovana Gobbi Marchesi Ciriaco, Gustavo Peixoto Soares Miguel, Gustavo Adolfo Pavan Batista, Camila Pereira Cabral, Larissa Carvalho Fraga
Objective: to analyze possible negative effects of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) on the success of bariatric surgery. Methods: we evaluated forty patients undergoing bariatric surgery and with regular post-operative follow-up of at least one year. To all, we applied the questionnaire advocated in the fourth edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-IV) of the American Psychiatric Association for ADHD, as well as analyzed their postoperative data...
March 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653181/laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-for-the-management-of-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Salman Al Sabah, Eliana Al Haddad, Talal H Muzaffar, Ahmad Almulla
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of obesity is on a continuous rise worldwide, with major studies clearly correlating obesity with the development of chronic metabolic disorders including type 2 diabetes. Bariatric surgery has proven to be beneficial in the management of this condition; however, a limited number of studies exist on its effect on type 1 diabetes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to evaluate the outcome of laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy for the management of patients with type 1 diabetes (DM1)...
June 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649469/distinct-patterns-in-the-gut-microbiota-after-surgical-or-medical-therapy-in-obese-patients
#20
Daniel A Medina, Juan P Pedreros, Dannae Turiel, Nicolas Quezada, Fernando Pimentel, Alex Escalona, Daniel Garrido
Bariatric surgery is highly successful in improving health compared to conventional dietary treatments. It has been suggested that the gut microbiota is a relevant factor in weight loss after bariatric surgery. Considering that bariatric procedures cause different rearrangements of the digestive tract, they probably have different effects on the gut microbiota. In this study, we compared the impact of medical treatment, sleeve gastrectomy and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass on the gut microbiota from obese subjects...
2017: PeerJ
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