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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158895/a-journey-through-liposuction-and-liposculture-review
#1
REVIEW
Elisa Bellini, Michele P Grieco, Edoardo Raposio
Introduction: Nowadays, liposuction is the most frequently performed aesthetic surgery procedure in Western Countries. This technique has had rapid development since the 1970s, when it was experimented for the first time by A. and G. Fischer. It is currently widely used in clinical practice for many different situations in aesthetic, reconstructive and functional fields. Materials and methods: This review aims to describe the historical evolution of liposuction by analyzing the transformation of the method in function of the introduction of innovative ideas or instruments...
December 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157916/the-effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-direct-acting-oral-anticoagulant-drug-levels
#2
Amihai Rottenstreich, Aviv Barkai, Ariela Arad, Bruria Hirsh Raccah, Yosef Kalish
OBJECTIVE: To determine direct-acting oral anticoagulant (DOAC) blood levels in post-bariatric surgery (BS) patients treated with long-term anticoagulation therapy. METHODS: We identified from medical records patients who underwent BS during 2005-2016 and who were treated with DOACs. We offered testing DOAC blood levels to these patients and to age, sex, body mass index, and serum creatinine-matched individuals treated by DOACs who did not undergo BS. RESULTS: Overall, 36 individuals were enrolled, 18 post-BS patients and 18 control subjects...
November 15, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153006/effect-of-bariatric-surgery-on-diabetic-nephropathy-in-obese-type-2-diabetes-patients-in-a-retrospective-2-year-study-a-local-pilot
#3
Anthony Tl Chao, Sum Chee Fang, Benjamin Cc Lam, Anton Ks Cheng, Serena Km Low, Lim Su Chi
PURPOSE: To determine the effects of bariatric surgery on albuminuria in obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. METHODS: Retrospective analyses of clinical records of obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who had either micro- or macroalbuminuria and had undergone various bariatric surgery were retrieved from a local hospital database. Their clinical data from follow-up appointments including albuminuria were analysed. RESULTS: Of the 46 subjects with type 2 diabetes mellitus, 15 subjects had diabetic nephropathy and had pre- and post-bariatric surgery urine albumin-to-creatinine ratio or urine protein-to-creatinine ratio data available for analysis; 13 out of the 15 subjects (86...
November 1, 2017: Diabetes & Vascular Disease Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151242/a-qualitative-examination-of-increased-alcohol-use-after-bariatric-surgery-among-racially-ethnically-diverse-young-adults
#4
Christine E Spadola, Eric F Wagner, Leah M Varga, Jennifer L Syvertsen, Nestor F De La Cruz Munoz, Sarah E Messiah
INTRODUCTION: Mounting evidence suggests that bariatric surgery, or weight loss surgery (WLS), patients might be vulnerable to developing post-operative alcohol use problems. While the majority of published research offers information concerning the prevalence of problematic alcohol use post-WLS, the literature lacks comprehensive, qualitative explorations examining why alcohol misuse might emerge after WLS. Such data-driven hypotheses are needed to effectively target this emerging concern...
November 19, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150223/do-factors-related-to-participation-in-physical-activity-change-following-restrictive-bariatric-surgery-a-qualitative-study
#5
Juliana Zabatiero, Anne Smith, Kylie Hill, Jeffrey M Hamdorf, Susan F Taylor, Martin S Hagger, Daniel F Gucciardi
AIMS: To explore participants' ability to participate in physical activity (PA), and barriers and facilitators to PA, at 12 months following restrictive bariatric surgery, and how these differed from participants' pre-surgery perceptions. Motivators for PA post-surgery were also explored. METHODS: Qualitative one-on-one in-depth interviews were conducted pre- and 12 months post-surgery. Data were analysed using inductive thematic analysis. RESULTS: Fourteen adults (12 females), with a mean (range) age of 41...
November 14, 2017: Obesity Research & Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29144812/increased-bone-turnover-in-type-2-diabetes-patients-randomized-to-bariatric-surgery-vs-medical-therapy-at-5-years
#6
Megan R Crawford, Nathan Pham, Leila Khan, James F Bena, Philip R Schauer, Sangeeta R Kashyap
OBJECTIVE: The aim of our study was to determine the 5 year outcomes of bariatric surgery vs. intensive medical therapy on bone turnover in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) from the STAMPEDE trial. METHODS: This is an ancillary investigation of a 5 year randomized control trial at a single tertiary care center involving 95 patients aged 48.5 ± 8 years with obesity (BMI: 36.5±3.6 kg/m(2)) and uncontrolled T2DM (HbA1C: 9.3 ±1.6%). Patients were randomized to intensive medical therapy (IMT; N=25), Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB; N=37), or sleeve gastrectomy (SG; N=33) for diabetes treatment...
November 16, 2017: Endocrine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138414/potential-application-of-1-h-nmr-for-routine-serum-lipidome-analysis-evaluation-of-effects-of-bariatric-surgery
#7
Adriana Mika, Zbigniew Kaczynski, Piotr Stepnowski, Maciej Kaczor, Monika Proczko-Stepaniak, Lukasz Kaska, Tomasz Sledzinski
Routine laboratory lipid assays include simple measurements of total cholesterol, triacylglycerols and HDL. However, lipids are a large group of compounds involved in many metabolic pathways, and their alterations may have serious health consequences. In this study, we used (1)H NMR to analyze lipids extracted from sera of 16 obese patients prior to and after bariatric surgeries. We observed a post-surgery decrease in serum concentrations of lipids from various groups. The hereby presented findings imply that (1)H NMR is suitable for rapid, simple and non-invasive detection of lipids from 30 structural groups, among them triacylglycerols, phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylethanolamine, sphingomyelin, total phospholipids, total, free and esterified cholesterol, total and unsaturated fatty acids...
November 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29133606/effects-of-bariatric-surgery-in-obese-patients-with-hypertension-the-gateway-randomized-trial-gastric-bypass-to-treat-obese-patients-with-steady-hypertension
#8
Carlos Aurelio Schiavon, Angela Cristine Bersch-Ferreira, Eliana Vieira Santucci, Juliana Dantas Oliveira, Camila Ragne Torreglosa, Priscila Torres Bueno, Julia Caldas Frayha, Renato Nakagawa Santos, Lucas Petri Damian, Patricia Malvina Noujaim, Helio Halpern, Frederico L J Monteiro, Ricardo Vitor Cohen, Carlos H Uchoa, Marcio Gonçalves de Souza, Celso Amodeo, Luiz Bortolotto, Dimas Ikeoka, Luciano F Drager, Alexandre Biasi Cavalcanti, Otavio Berwanger
BACKGROUND : Recent research efforts on bariatric surgery have focused on metabolic and diabetes mellitus resolution. Randomized trials designed to assess the impact of bariatric surgery in patients with obesity and hypertension are needed. METHODS : In this randomized, single-center, nonblinded trial, we included patients with hypertension (using ≥2 medications at maximum doses or >2 at moderate doses) and a body mass index between 30.0 and 39.9 kg/m(2) Patients were randomized to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass plus medical therapy or medical therapy alone...
November 13, 2017: Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127577/predictors-of-success-in-bariatric-surgery-the-role-of-bmi-and-pre-operative-comorbidities
#9
Magda Rosa Ramos da Cruz, Alcides José Branco-Filho, Marília Rizzon Zaparolli, Nathalia Farinha Wagner, José Simão de Paula Pinto, Antônio Carlos Ligocki Campos, Cesar Augusto Taconeli
BACKGROUND: This is a retrospective review of 204 patients who underwent bariatric surgery. The impact of weight regain (WR), pre-operative comorbidities and BMI values on the recurrence of comorbidities was evaluated, and an equation was elaborated to estimate BMI at 5 years of bariatric surgery. METHODS: Pre-operative data, after 1 year and after 5 years, was collected from the medical records. Descriptive analyses and bivariate hypothesis tests were performed first, and then, a generalised linear regression model with Tweedie distribution was adjusted...
November 10, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126864/the-impact-of-bariatric-surgery-on-pulmonary-function-a-meta-analysis
#10
Adnan Alsumali, Ali Al-Hawag, Sigrid Bairdain, Tewodros Eguale
Morbid obesity may affect several body systems and cause ill effects to the cardiovascular, hepatobiliary, endocrine, and mental health systems. However, the impact on the pulmonary system and pulmonary function has been debated in the literature. A systematic review and meta-analysis for studies that have evaluated the impact of bariatric surgery on pulmonary function were pooled for this analysis. PubMed, Cochrane, and Embase databases were evaluated through September 31, 2016. They were used as the primary search engine for studies evaluating the impact pre- and post-bariatric surgery on pulmonary function...
October 2, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117619/development-of-obesity-associated-comorbidities-post-bariatric-surgery-with-a-special-focus-on-diabetes-remission-and-short-term-relapse
#11
Nina Riedel, Anne Lautenbach, Jan Wilhelm Wienecke, Oliver Mann, Jörg Flitsch, Jens Aberle
Purpose The purpose of this study is to study a heterogeneous group of obese patients undergoing Bariatric surgery(BS) and its impact on glycemic control. Secondary endpoints include changes in lipid profile and albuminuria. BS has shown to effectively reduce body-weight. However, the impact on obesity-related comorbidities varies strongly between individuals. Especially postoperative short- and long-term improvement of Diabetes is an active area of investigation. Methods We conducted a retrospective analysis from baseline to 24 months post bariatric surgery in our interdisciplinary obesity outpatient-clinic...
November 8, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Endocrinology & Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116559/perioperative-antiemetic-therapy-for-fast-track-laparoscopic-bariatric-surgery
#12
Olumuyiwa A Bamgbade, Oluwafemi Oluwole, Rong R Khaw
BACKGROUND: Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is problematic in bariatric surgery patients and has negative impacts on perioperative outcome. Antiemetic prophylaxis may reduce PONV. Perioperative antiemetic prophylaxis or therapy is crucial and may enhance fast-track bariatric surgery. This study examined the impact of intraoperative multimodal antiemetic prophylaxis on fast-track bariatric surgery. METHODS: This prospective observational clinical study explored the perioperative data of 400 consecutive laparoscopic bariatric surgery patients, over a 6-year period...
November 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114778/long-term-sustainability-of-diabetes-prevention-approaches-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-clinical-trials
#13
J Sonya Haw, Karla I Galaviz, Audrey N Straus, Alysse J Kowalski, Matthew J Magee, Mary Beth Weber, Jingkai Wei, K M Venkat Narayan, Mohammed K Ali
Importance: Diabetes prevention is imperative to slow worldwide growth of diabetes-related morbidity and mortality. Yet the long-term efficacy of prevention strategies remains unknown. Objective: To estimate aggregate long-term effects of different diabetes prevention strategies on diabetes incidence. Data Sources: Systematic searches of MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and Web of Science databases. The initial search was conducted on January 14, 2014, and was updated on February 20, 2015...
November 6, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114413/perioperative-factors-affecting-ambulatory-outcomes-following-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding
#14
Mirsad Dupanovic, Ron Krebill, Iris Dupanovic, John Nachtigal, Melissa Rockford, Walter Orr
Objective: Morbidly obese patients are traditionally hospitalised following bariatric surgery. However, laparoscopic-adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) is amenable for ambulatory care. We hypothesised that the majority of patients can receive an ambulatory LAGB and that both surgical and anaesthetic perioperative factors will significantly affect non-ambulatory LAGB outcomes. Methods: Medical records of 201 consecutive LAGB patients performed at the University of Kansas Medical Centre during a 3-y period were reviewed...
October 2017: Turkish Journal of Anaesthesiology and Reanimation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29103239/elevated-levels-of-mir-122-in-serum-may-contribute-to-improved-endothelial-function-and-lower-oncologic-risk-following-bariatric-surgery
#15
Arnon Blum, Hila Yehuda, Nissim Geron, Ari Meerson
BACKGROUND: Weight loss surgery is the most effective treatment for obesity, and it reduces cardiovascular and cancer risk through poorly understood mechanisms. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are short RNA molecules that regulate the stability and translation of many mRNAs. We hypothesized that levels of specific circulating miRNAs are altered following surgery and may contribute to lower cancer risk. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the change of miRNA following surgery. METHODS: All patients underwent gastric "sleeve operation"...
October 2017: Israel Medical Association Journal: IMAJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101716/occupational-outcomes-of-obesity-surgery-do-the-employed-return-to-work-and-do-the-unemployed-find-work
#16
Michael J Courtney, K Mahawar, P Burnell, N Jennings, S Balupuri, N Schroeder, P Small, W Carr
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery offers excellent weight loss results and improvement in obesity-associated comorbidities. Many patients undergoing surgery are of working age, and so an understanding of any relationship between occupational outcomes and surgery is essential. The aim of this study was to ascertain the occupational outcomes of patients undergoing bariatric surgery at a high-volume centre. METHODS: A retrospective search was performed of a prospectively maintained consecutive electronic database...
November 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098545/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-morbidly-obese-individuals-undergoing-bariatric-surgery-prevalence-and-effect-of-the-pre-bariatric-very-low-calorie-diet
#17
Katherine J P Schwenger, Sandra E Fischer, Timothy D Jackson, Allan Okrainec, Johane P Allard
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) affects 75 to 100% of the patients undergoing bariatric surgery (BSx), with non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) being present in 24 to 98% of the patients. We do not know whether these rates were before or after a very low calorie diet (VLCD) often prescribed before laparoscopic BSx and what is the prevalence of NAFLD post-VLCD. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to determine the prevalence of simple steatosis (SS) and NASH in obese individuals undergoing BSx post-VLCD and assess biochemical markers pre- and post-VLCD in a subgroup of patients...
November 2, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098435/endoscopic-transmural-management-of-abdominal-fluid-collection-following-gastrointestinal-bariatric-and-hepato-bilio-pancreatic-surgery
#18
Gianfranco Donatelli, David Fuks, Fabrizio Cereatti, Guillaume Pourcher, Thierry Perniceni, Jean-Loup Dumont, Thierry Tuszynski, Bertrand Marie Vergeau, Bruno Meduri, Brice Gayet
BACKGROUND: Post-operative collections are a recognized source of morbidity after abdominal surgery. Percutaneous drainage is currently considered the standard treatment but not all collections are accessible using this method. Since the adoption of EUS, endoscopic transmural drainage has become an attractive option in the management of such complications. The present study aimed to assess the efficacy, safety and modalities of endoscopic transmural drainage in the treatment of post-operative collections...
November 2, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076010/patient-characteristics-procedural-and-safety-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-england-a-retrospective-cohort-study-2006-2012
#19
Sun Sun, Oleg Borisenko, Tim Spelman, Ahmed R Ahmed
BACKGROUND: The objective of the study is to analyze procedural and safety outcomes associated with bariatric surgery and describe the characteristics of patients undertaking bariatric procedures in England between April 2006 and March 2012. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of all adult patients in England diagnosed with obesity and undergoing bariatric surgery as a primary procedure in NHS-funded sites between April 2006 and March 2012 using data sourced from the Hospital Episode Statistics dataset...
October 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076007/correlates-of-dietary-adherence-and-maladaptive-eating-patterns-following-roux-en-y-bariatric-surgery
#20
Sarah Adler, Natasha Fowler, Athena Hagler Robinson, Lianne Salcido, Alison Darcy, Hannah Toyama, Debra Lynn Safer
BACKGROUND: Self-reported poor dietary adherence following bariatric surgery is associated with less successful weight loss outcomes. Poor dietary adherence is a global construct lacking specificity regarding its underlying, clinically targetable, maladaptive eating behaviors. METHODS: Comprehensive online survey data were obtained from a sample of 274 adults who underwent Roux-en-Y surgery in the prior 1-12 years. Correlations between dietary adherence and six eating-related behaviors were calculated, with the frequency of each behavior reported on a 7-point scale...
October 26, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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