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Nabil Abdalla, Joanna Winiarek, Agnieszka Timorek, Wlodzimierz Sawicki, Krzysztof Cendrowski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Maithili Mandar Kulkarni, Siddhi Gaurish Sinai Khandeparkar, Avinash R Joshi, Pallavi V Bhayekar
Gonadoblastomas (GBYs) are rare gonadal tumors almost always arising from a dysgenetic gonad with a Y chromosome. Very rarely, GBYs appear in otherwise normal women with a history of pregnancy. The typical histological appearance of GBY can be altered by extensive deposition of basement membrane material, calcification, or overgrowth by a malignant tumor. Less than 10 cases have been reported with normal 46XX karyotype. Only six cases of GBY have been described in pregnant women. We present a unique case of GBY with dysgerminoma in a genotypically and phenotypically normal woman with a history of normal pregnancy, absence of virilization, and characteristic immunohistomorphological features...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Masayuki Shintaku, Makoto Dohi, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Aya Nagai, Toshihiro Higuchi
We report a case of clear cell carcinoma (CCC) of the ovary with plasma cell-rich inflammatory stroma, a recently proposed subtype of CCC, and present the cytological findings. The patient was a 48-year-old woman, who was incidentally found to have a right ovarian tumor during the preoperative work-up for an early-stage adenocarcinoma of the uterine cervix. Cytological examination of an imprint smear of the ovarian tumor and peritoneal washing revealed solid cell clusters of irregular, often dendritic shapes, which were intermingled with many inflammatory cells...
October 8, 2016: Diagnostic Cytopathology
Shinichiro Kawamoto, Katsuya Yamamoto, Masanori Toyoda, Kimikazu Yakushijin, Hiroshi Matsuoka, Hironobu Minami
Constitutional translocations that coincide with t(9;22)(q34;q11.2) may lead to unnecessary treatments in chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients, as, under the standard criteria, a diagnosis of CML with additional chromosomal abnormalities indicates an accelerated phase (AP). In the present report, a 47-year-old male had pain in the right foot due to gout. Peripheral blood examination showed leukocytosis with left shift. Bone marrow aspiration revealed myeloid hyperplasia with megakaryocytosis. RT-PCR revealed the major BCR-ABL fusion transcript, and CML in the chronic phase was diagnosed, followed by nilotinib treatment...
September 29, 2016: International Journal of Hematology
David M Gershenson, A Lindsay Frazier
One of the most extraordinary stories in the chronicles of gynecologic cancers has been that of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors. Prior to the mid-1960s, most patients died of disease. Fifty years later, most survive. Precisely because high cure rates are achievable, the concentration over the past decade has been on minimizing toxicity and late effects. The present review focuses on five areas of interest related to the management of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors that highlight the different therapeutic strategies practiced by pediatric and gynecologic oncologists: 1) primary surgery, 2) surgery alone (surveillance) for patients with FIGO stage IA disease, 3) postoperative management of FIGO stage IC-III disease, 4) postoperative management of pure immature teratoma, and 5) postoperative management of metastatic pure dysgerminoma...
August 25, 2016: Gynecologic Oncology
Christine Burgmeier, Clothilde Leriche
INTRODUCTION: Disorder of sexual development (DSD) is a rare condition. The surgical treatment of these patients includes investigation of the internal genitalia, evaluation of the gonads, and if necessary gonadectomy. The prevention of germ cell tumors is the most important issue in the surgical treatment of this varied and special group of patients. This study aimed to evaluate the role of laparoscopy in the surgical treatment of patients with DSD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Over a 4-year-period, all patients presenting with DSD who underwent laparoscopic surgery at our institution were retrospectively reviewed...
September 2016: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
Lawrence M Roth, Liang Cheng
AIMS: The origin of testicular mixed germ cell-sex cord stromal tumour (MGC-SCST) is uncertain, and the nature of this neoplasm is controversial. It has not been established whether the germ cells in testicular MGC-SCST are neoplastic or whether they are merely entrapped within an unclassified sex cord stromal tumour or related testicular neoplasm. In this investigation, we present additional evidence regarding the nature of the germ cells in testicular MGC-SCST. METHODS: We obtained 25 cases of MGC-SCST, 13 of which involved the testis and 12 occurred in the ovary for histological examination...
July 25, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pathology
Solwayo Ngwenya
A 32 year-old P4 G4 was referred from a rural hospital for fibroids in pregnancy. The pregnancy test was positive. An ultrasound scan reported a huge left extrauterine mass. The uterus was of normal size. There was no pregnancy demonstrated. A laparotomy was done through a midline incision. There was a huge left ovarian tumour occupying the pelvic/abdominal region right up to the xiphisternum. A left salpingo-oophrectomy was done. The post operative period was uneventful. The histopathological report confirmed the diagnosis of ovarian dysgerminoma FIGO stage 1A...
July 22, 2016: Tropical Doctor
Ting Zhao, Yan Liu, Hongyuan Jiang, Hao Zhang, Yuan Lu
Bilateral malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) are rare. Determination of the optimal treatment modalities is crucial, as these malignancies mainly affect girls and young women who may wish to preserve their fertility. In order to review the prevalence, clinical characteristics, treatment and outcome of bilateral MOGCTs, we performed a retrospective review of patients who were diagnosed with bilateral MOGCTs and underwent primary surgery at the Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital of Fudan University (Shanghai, China) between January, 2001 and December, 2014...
August 2016: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jin Li, Xiaohua Wu
The necessity and extent of comprehensive surgical staging (CSS) and lymphadenectomy in the treatment of malignant ovarian germ cell tumors (MOGCTs) is still controversial. However, it is uniformly agreed that CSS with lymphadenectomy is crucial to follow up patients without adjuvant chemotherapy in stage I MOGCTs. Considering the chemotherapy-sensitive nature of MOGCTs, fertility-sparing cytoreductive surgery (FSCS) seems a reasonable approach in initial treatment for patients with advanced stage. When encountered with bilateral MOGCTs, debulking is surely granted if there is no desire for fertility...
August 2016: Current Treatment Options in Oncology
Mana Nosratian-Baskovic, Brent Tan, Ann Folkins, Karen M Chisholm, Oliver Dorigo
•Ovarian dysgerminoma associated with paraneoplastic fever, cytopenia and splenomegaly•Complete symptom resolution resulted from tumor resection and medical management•Non-hematolymphoid neoplasms are part of differential diagnosis in secondary HLH.
August 2016: Gynecologic Oncology Reports
Julia Calzas Rodríguez, María Del Carmen Juarez Morales, Miguel Angel Racionero Casero
With cisplatin-based chemotherapy, most patients with ovarian dysgerminoma will survive long-term. Bleomycin is an important part of ovarian germ cell tumors (OGCT) treatment, and its dose-limiting toxicity is the development of pulmonary toxicity and it is increased in patients older than 40 years. We report the case of an elderly patient with an unresectable ovarian dysgerminoma who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy and who developed fatal bleomycin pulmonary toxicity (BPT) after surgery. A monitoring of pulmonary function is not routinely recommended for detecting BPT, although together with carefully assessment for symptoms or signs suggestive of pulmonary toxicity is the best way to reduce the risk of BPT...
2016: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Sebastian Szubert, Artur Łojewski, Rafał Moszyński, Arkadiusz Lisowski, Stefan Sajdak, Dariusz Szpurek
OBJECTIVES: Subjective ultrasonographic assessment is currently considered to be the best method of differentiation between various types of ovarian tumors. The aim of the study was to evaluate selected ultrasonographic features and CA125 levels of hormonally active ovarian tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 1135 women with ovarian tumors were diagnosed between 2006 and 2014 at the Division of Gynecologic Surgery, Poznan University of Medical Sciences. Within these tumors, there were 60 hormone-secreting ovarian tumors, including: 20 granulosa cell tumors, 28 fibrothecomas, 10 dysgerminomas, 2 struma ovarii, and 9 metastatic ovarian tumors...
2016: Ginekologia Polska
Emily A Leven, Patrick Maffucci, Hans D Ochs, Paul R Scholl, Rebecca H Buckley, Ramsay L Fuleihan, Raif S Geha, Coleen K Cunningham, Francisco A Bonilla, Mary Ellen Conley, Ronald M Ferdman, Vivian Hernandez-Trujillo, Jennifer M Puck, Kathleen Sullivan, Elizabeth A Secord, Manish Ramesh, Charlotte Cunningham-Rundles
PURPOSE: The United States Immunodeficiency Network (USIDNET) patient registry was used to characterize the presentation, genetics, phenotypes, and treatment of patients with Hyper IgM Syndrome (HIGM). METHODS: The USIDNET Registry was queried for HIGM patient data collected from October 1992 to July 2015. Data fields included demographics, criteria for diagnosis, pedigree analysis, mutations, clinical features, treatment and transplant records, laboratory findings, and mortality...
July 2016: Journal of Clinical Immunology
Yu-Ping Gao, Ji-Yao Jiang, Qiang Liu
Although primary central nervous system (CNS) germ cell tumors (GCTs) are one of the most treatable types of malignant brain tumor, a subset of patients remain resistant to standard chemotherapy. Gain-of-function mutations of the c-Kit gene, and KIT protein expression, have been observed in a number of GCTs, including testicular seminoma, ovarian dysgerminoma and mediastinal seminoma in various ethnic groups. Although a small number of studies have reported the role of c-Kit in CNS GCTs, few have focused on Chinese patients exhibiting CNS GCTs...
May 2016: Oncology Letters
Jeong-Yeol Park, Dae-Yeon Kim, Dae-Shik Suh, Jong-Hyeok Kim, Yong-Man Kim, Young-Tak Kim, Joo-Hyun Nam
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to evaluate the safety of surgery alone followed by surveillance in young women with stage I malignant ovarian germ cell tumor (MOGCT). METHODS: A retrospective review was performed on 31 patients with stage I MOGCT who were treated by surgery alone with follow-up. RESULTS: The median patient age was 22 years (range, 6-45 years). The histological type was dysgerminoma in 17, immature teratoma in 11, yolk sac tumor in 1, and mixed MOGCT in 2 cases...
June 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Enver Şimşek, Çiğdem Binay, Meliha Demiral, Baran Tokar, Sare Kabukçuoğlu, Melek Üstün
Ovotesticular disorder of sexual development (DSD), formerly known as true hermaphroditism, is a rare form of DSD in which both testicular and ovarian tissues are present in the same individual either in a single gonad (ovotestis) or in opposite gonads with a testis and an ovary on each side. The diagnosis of ovotesticular DSD is based solely on the presence of ovarian and testicular tissue in the gonad and not on the characteristics of the internal and external genitalia, even if ambiguous. Herein, we report two patients with ovotesticular DSD-one presenting with ambiguous genitalia on the third day after birth and the other with short stature and primary amenorrhea in adolescence...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Research in Pediatric Endocrinology
David Coyle, Balazs Kutasy, Kathleen Han Suyin, Brice Antao, Sally Ann Lynch, Michael B McDermott, Susan M O'Connell, Feargal Quinn
BACKGROUND: It is recognised that individuals with a 45,X/46,XY karyotype, known as Turner mosaic syndrome with Y chromosome material (TMSY), have an increased risk of developing gonadoblastoma (GB), which may then devolve into one of a number of germ cell malignancies. Hence, children with TMSY are usually recommended to undergo prophylactic gonadectomy. OBJECTIVE: We designed this study to describe the phenotypic features of our series of children with TMSY who underwent prophylactic gonadectomy in order to evaluate the prevalence of GB and germ cell malignancies in their resected specimens...
March 3, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Urology
Zeynep Atay, Ediz Yesilkaya, Senay Savas Erdeve, Serap Turan, Leyla Akin, Erdal Eren, Esra Doger, Zehra Aycan, Zehra Yavas Abali, Aysşehan Akinci, Zeynep Siklar, Samim Ozen, Cengiz Kara, Meltem Tayfun, Erkan Sari, Filiz Tutunculer, Gulcan Seymen Karabulut, Gulay Karaguzel, Semra Cetinkaya, Halil Saglam, Aysun Bideci, Selim Kurtoglu, Tulay Guran, Abdullah Bereket
AIM: The causes of gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty are diverse, and often have overlapping clinical and biochemical features. With the exception of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH), disorders that cause gonadotropin-independent precocious puberty (GIPP) are uncommon. The literature is devoid of any large-scale studies on the etiologic distribution of GIPP. The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of each etiology in a cohort of patients with GIPP (excluding those with CAH), and to evaluate the clinical and laboratory features of these patients...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
C Burgueño-Montañés, C Santalla-Castro, J Peña-Suárez
CLINICAL CASE: A 33-year-old male diagnosed with Parinaud's syndrome, exotropia and post-papillary oedema optic atrophy in his left eye. A pineal germinoma was diagnosed after performing neuroimaging scans and a stereotactic biopsy. He was treated with chemotherapy and radiotherapy, showing a complete pathological response. The Parinaud's syndrome persists one year after diagnosis and the patient has refused to have strabismus surgery. DISCUSSION: Parinaud's syndrome consists of a supranuclear vertical gaze palsy resulting from damage to the midbrain tectum...
July 2016: Archivos de la Sociedad Española de Oftalmología
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