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orthopedic insole

Anna Fryzowicz, Lechosław B Dworak, Paweł Koczewski
The progression of gonarthrosis results in reduction of physical activity. One of the factors that increase the risk of osteoarthrosis may be joint overload related to the malalignment of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity. The medial compartment (MC) of the knee is particularly susceptible to overload due to the external knee adduction moment (EKAM). Varus knee malalignment contributes to increased EKAM and thus results in increased MC loading. The purpose of this study is to present methods described in current literature aimed at reducing the disproportion in the distribution of loads on articular surfaces of medial and lateral knee compartments in people with varus knee malalignment...
March 2018: Archives of Medical Science: AMS
Christina Zong-Hao Ma, Duo Wai-Chi Wong, Anson Hong-Ping Wan, Winson Chiu-Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: The wearing of socks and insoles may affect the ability of the foot to detect tactile input influencing postural balance. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate whether (1) thick socks adversely affected the elderly postural balance and (2) orthopedic insoles could improve the elderly postural balance while wearing thick socks. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated-measures study design. METHODS: In total, 14 healthy older adults were recruited...
June 2018: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
Shonglun Su, Zhongjun Mo, Junchao Guo, Yubo Fan
Flat foot is one of the common deformities in the youth population, seriously affecting the weight supporting and daily exercising. However, there is lacking of quantitative data relative to material selection and shape design of the personalized orthopedic insole. This study was to evaluate the biomechanical effects of material hardness and support height of personalized orthopedic insole on foot tissues, by in vivo experiment and finite element modeling. The correction of arch height increased with material hardness and support height...
2017: Journal of Healthcare Engineering
Oliver Ludwig, Jens Kelm, Michael Fröhlich
BACKGROUND: Peroneus longus acts as a foot evertor and pronator, thus ensuring stability of the talocrural joint by curbing inversion movement of the rearfoot. Increased activation of the peroneus longus muscle in the stance phase could have a stabilising effect on the ankle joint. This study aimed to determine whether the activity of the peroneus longus muscle could be increased by the targeted use of a specially formed lateral pressure element in a customised orthopaedic insole. METHODS: This was a laboratory-based study that utilised a randomised crossover design...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
S Ochman, M J Raschke, C Stukenborg-Colsman, K Daniilidis
OBJECTIVE: Debridement of infected tissue with the main aim being the re-establishment of mobilization with preservation of standing and walking ability. Prevention of secondary pressure points or amputations due to inadequate resection or deficient soft tissue cover. INDICATIONS: In the case of increasing necrosis of the big toe, surgical abrasion and/or amputation is considered unavoidable. Other indications where surgery could be considered include diabetes and its associated angiopathies together with peripheral arterial angiopathy...
October 2016: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Fred L Bookstein, Jacqueline Domjanic
The plantar surface of the human foot transmits the weight and dynamic force of the owner's lower limbs to the ground and the reaction forces back to the musculoskeletal system. Its anatomical variation is intensely studied in such fields as sports medicine and orthopedic dysmorphology. Yet, strangely, the shape of the insole that accommodates this surface and elastically buffers these forces is neither an aspect of the conventional anthropometrics of feet nor an informative label on the packet that markets supplementary insoles...
2015: PloS One
Jun-Chao Guo, Li-Zhen Wang, Wei Chen, Cheng-Fei Du, Zhong-Jun Mo, Yu-Bo Fan
Orthopedic insole was important for partial foot amputation (PFA) to achieve foot balance and avoid foot deformity. The inapposite insole orthosis was thought to be one of the risk factors of reamputation for foot valgus patient, but biomechanical effects of internal tissues on valgus foot had not been clearly addressed. In this study, plantar pressure on heel and metatarsal regions of PFA was measured using F-Scan. The three-dimensional finite element (FE) model of partial foot evaluated different medial wedge angles (MWAs) (0...
2016: Computer Methods in Biomechanics and Biomedical Engineering
H De la Corte-Rodriguez, E C Rodriguez-Merchan
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilic arthropathy (HA) is an inevitable consequence of repeated haemarthroses in people with haemophilia, and principally affects their ankles, knees and elbows. It is advisable that haematological treatment be complemented with rehabilitation therapy and surgery. Orthoses are devices that are used within the framework of rehabilitation, in order to change the functional or structural characteristics of the neuromusculoskeletal system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This article reviews the design, the materials and characteristics of orthoses and the indications for the various orthoses used in HA...
November 2015: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
Hugo Pasini Neto, Luanda André Collange Grecco, Luiz Alfredo Braun Ferreira, Thaluanna Calil Lourenço Christovão, Natália de Almeida Carvalho Duarte, Cláudia Santos Oliveira
Foot posture involves the integration of sensory information from the periphery of the body. This information generates precise changes through fine adjustments that compensate for the continuous, spontaneous sway of the body in the standing position. Orthopedic insoles are one of the therapeutic resources indicated for assisting in this process. Evaluation of these podal influences, by clinical examination and/or the assistance of baropodometry becomes crucial. Thus, the aim of the present study was determine the combination of the components of orthopedic insoles using two different evaluation methods...
July 2015: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
C Volkering, S Kriegelstein, S Kessler, M Walther
OBJECTIVE: The main problem of patients with Charcot foot is their inability to off-load. Therefore the risk of internal fixation failure is increased, especially in hindfoot instability (Sanders type IV) with osteonecrosis of the talus. Combination of internal and additional external fixation guarantees the reconstruction and improves surgical outcome. The main objective of this surgery is to obtain a resilient, plantigrade foot that is shoeable in custom-made orthopedic shoes. INDICATIONS: Charcot foot with instable collapse of the hindfoot with or without fragment dislocation, with or without (noninfected) ulceration not shoeable in custom-made orthopedic shoes...
April 2015: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Amira Skopljak, Mirsad Muftic, Aziz Sukalo, Izet Masic, Lejla Zunic
INTRODUCTION: Pedobarography as a new diagnostic tool enables measuring the pressure between the foot and the floor during dynamic loading. Dynamic analysis of the foot shows advantage over static analysis due to its capabilities for detecting high load points in certain diseases and in certain phases of walking. Pedobarography as a new method in the context of rehabilitation include wide range of clinical entities. GOAL: To show the advantages of pedobarography as new diagnostic and rehabilitation method in prevention programs...
December 2014: Acta Informatica Medica: AIM
Amira Skopljak, Aziz Sukalo, Olivera Batic-Mujanovic, Mirsad Muftic, Merita Tiric-Campara, Lejla Zunic
INTRODUCTION: Risk assessment for development foot ulcer in diabetics is a key aspect in any plan and program for prevention of non-traumatic amputation of lower extremities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In the prospective research to assessed diabetic neuropathy in diabetic patients, to determined the dynamic function of the foot (plantar pressure), by using pedobarography (Group I), and after the use of orthopedic insoles with help of pedobarography, to determined the connection between the risk factors: deformity of the foot, limited joint movements, diabetic polyneuropathy, plantar pressure in effort preventing changes in the diabetic foot...
December 2014: Medical Archives
Wenguang Yan, Shaodan Sun, Xuhong Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the therapeutic effect of extracorporeal shock wave combined with orthopaedic insole on plantar fasciitis. METHODS: A total of 153 plantar with plantar fasciitis were randomly divided into a combined group (n=51), an extracorporeal shock wave group (n=53) and an orthopaedic group (n=49). The combined group received treatment of both extracorporeal shock wave and orthopaedic insole while the extracorporeal shock wave or the orthopaedic group only received the treatment of extracorporeal shock wave or orthopaedic insole...
December 2014: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
Anja Schaefer, Thilo Hotfiel, Johannes Pauser, Bernd Swoboda, Hans-Dieter Carl
INTRODUCTION: Limited weight bearing of the lower extremity is a commonly applied procedure in orthopedic rehabilitation following trauma surgery and joint replacement. The compliance of patients with limited weight bearing after cementless total hip arthroplasty has not yet been surveyed using sensor-loaded insoles. The objective of this study was to investigate foot loadings in patients after THA under the assumption of limited weight bearing. METHODS: Peak pressures for the hindfoot, midfoot and forefoot were obtained from 14 patients (10 women, 4 men, age 63 ± 12 years, height 172 ± 9 cm, weight 92 ± 20 kg, BMI 31 ± 6 kg/m(2)) by means of dynamic pedobarography, with full weight bearing preoperatively (baseline) and at 8-10 days after cementless total hip arthroplasty, walking again on even floor, and also walking upstairs and downstairs with a restriction of weight bearing to 10 % body weight, taught by an experienced physiotherapist with a bathroom scale...
February 2015: Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery
N L Becker, T Obens, J Weisser, S Flick
BACKGROUND: From an orthopedic point of view, wearing conventional ready to wear shoes negatively affects the front transverse arch of the human foot by forcing it into an unnatural inverted position. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present orthopedic application study was to conduct a standardized assessment of the biomechanical effect of a newly developed, longitudinally flexible and cross stable spring steel insole by means of pedobarographic measurements and by means of a supplementary questioning of the participants...
September 2014: Der Orthopäde
Maria Luz González Fernández, Rosario Morales Lozano, Carmen Martínez Rincón, David Martínez Hernández
BACKGROUND: We sought to assess the biomechanical characteristics of the feet of patients with Charcot neuro-osteoarthropathy and to determine reulceration rates before and after personalized conservative orthotic treatment. METHODS: A longitudinal prospective study was performed in 35 patients with Charcot's foot. Although some patients had a history of ulcers, at the study outset no patient had ulcers. All of the patients underwent biomechanical testing and a radiographic study...
July 2014: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Serena Yu, Tony McDonald, Christabel Jesudason, Kathy Stiller, Thomas Sullivan
Partial weight bearing is often prescribed for patients with orthopedic injuries. Patients’ ability to accurately reproduce partial weight bearing orders is variable, and its impact on clinical outcomes is unknown. This observational study measured patients’ ability to reproduce partial weight bearing orders, factors influencing this, patients’ and physiotherapists’ ability to gauge partial weight bearing accuracy, and the effect of partial weight bearing accuracy on long-term clinical outcomes. Fifty-one orthopedic inpatients prescribed partial weight bearing were included...
January 2014: Orthopedics
Sara Lyn Miniaci-Coxhead, Adolph Samuel Flemister
Adult-acquired flatfoot deformity is associated with dysfunction of the posterior tibial tendon, leading to loss of the medial arch. Patients tend to present with medial pain and swelling, but later in the disease process can also present with lateral-sided pain. The mainstay of nonoperative treatment is nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, weight loss, and orthotic insoles or brace use. The goals of therapy are to provide relief of symptoms and prevent progression of the deformity. If nonoperative management fails, a variety of surgical procedures are available; however, these require a lengthy recovery, and therefore patients should be advised accordingly...
March 2014: Medical Clinics of North America
Lawrence A Lavery, Javier La Fontaine, Paul J Kim
Prevention is overlooked and underused, even in very high-risk patients. Prevention is best achieved within a multispecialty group of providers that have a common objective. Ideally, the team approach should include educators; physical therapists; nurses; internist; pedorthists; and vascular, orthopedic, and podiatric surgeons. The basic elements involve education, foot examination, risk classification, therapeutic shoes and insoles, and regular foot care. High-risk patients need additional assessment for vascular disease and intensive disease management, and corrective vascular and foot surgery when necessary...
September 2013: Medical Clinics of North America
Fady Mendelek, Isabelle Caby, Patrick Pelayo, Rania Bou Kheir
Low back pain (LBP) is a widespread musculoskeletal condition that frequently occurs in the working-age population (including hospital staff). This study proposes a classification-tree model to predict LBP risk levels in Sacré-Cœur Hospital, Lebanon (as a case study-236 chosen staffs) using various predictor individual and occupational factors. The developed tree model explained 80% of variance in LBP risk levels using standing hours/day (90% in relative importance), job status/sitting hours per day (80% each), body mass index (71%), working days/week (63%), domestic activity hours/week (36%), weight (35%), job dissatisfaction/sitting on ergonomic chairs (30% each), height (28%), gender (27%), sufficient break time (26%), using handling techniques/age (25% each), job stress (24%), marital status/wearing orthopedic insoles/extra professional activity (22% each), practicing prevention measures (20%), children care hours/week (16%), and type of sport activity/sports hours per week, car sitting, and fear of changing work due to LBP (15% each)...
2013: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
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