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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589390/-unloading-with-insoles-orthotics-and-braces-pre-operative-leg-axis-correction-or-independent-treatment
#1
REVIEW
M Kess, C Stärke, P Henle
BACKGROUND: Knee osteoarthritis (OA) is a leading joint disease. In most of the early stages it does not involve the whole knee joint. Often, symptoms only or mainly concern the medial compartment combined with a slight varus malalignment. OBJECTIVES: Do valgus braces or laterally wedged insoles influence biomechanics and thus improve pain and function in patients with medial OA? Does the OA grade, severity of malalignment or patient's body weight predict the efficacy of the above-mentioned conservative treatment options? MATERIALS AND METHODS: The current literature was reviewed in regard to biomechanical changes to joint loading and their correlation to clinical results...
June 6, 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497718/the-biomechanical-effects-and-perceived-comfort-of-textile-fabricated-insoles-during-straight-line-walking
#2
Wai-Ting Lo, Del P Wong, Kit-Lun Yick, Sun Pui Ng, Joanne Yip
BACKGROUND: Orthotic insoles that are made of foam material often have less breathability and thus cause discomfort to the wearer. Given that a sandwich structure offers better porosity and breathability that would improve comfort, the impact of custom-made insoles made with three-dimensional spacer fabric is studied. OBJECTIVES: To examine the biomechanical effects and subjective comfort of spacer-fabric insoles during walking. STUDY DESIGN: Repeated measures...
May 1, 2017: Prosthetics and Orthotics International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364350/-conservative-treatment-of-hallux-valgus-what-can-be-achieved-with-splints-and-insoles
#3
R A Fuhrmann, W Rippel, A Traub
In hallux valgus syndrome conservative measures can only be applied to relieve the symptoms. Insoles, orthoses, and toe alignment splints cannot improve forefoot deformity. However, symptoms due to increased local pressure can be alleviated with orthotic devices. After surgically realigning the hallux, splints are helpful to retain joint congruency and assure proper toe position during soft tissue healing.
May 2017: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229034/comprehensive-review-of-non-operative-management-of-hallux-rigidus
#4
REVIEW
Charles Kon Kam King, James Loh Sy, Qishi Zheng, Kinjal V Mehta
This article aims to provide an evidence-based literature review for the non-operative management of hallux rigidus. Currently, there is very little article on the evidence for the non-operative management of hallux rigidus. A comprehensive evidence-based literature review of the PubMed database conducted in November 2016, identified 11 relevant articles out of 560 articles assessing the efficacy of non-operative modalities for hallux rigidus. The 11 studies were then assigned to a level of evidence (I-IV)...
January 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27942124/effects-of-orthotic-insoles-on-adults-with-flexible-flatfoot-under-different-walking-conditions
#5
Jun Na Zhai, Yu Sheng Qiu, Jue Wang
[Purpose] This study was to evaluate the effects of orthotics on adults with flexible flatfoot when wearing orthotic insoles while walking on horizontal ground, walking up and down stairs and to determine if flexible flatfoot needs treatment. [Subjects and Methods] Fifteen college students with flexible flatfoot and fifteen college students with normal feet were recruited. First, load rate and contact area were measured by RSscan force plate when the subjects were walking on horizontal ground, walking up and down 10 cm and 20 cm stairs...
November 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824657/effect-of-footwear-on-joint-pain-and-function-in-older-adults-with-lower-extremity-osteoarthritis
#6
Amy Wagner, Sarah Luna
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Lower extremity osteoarthritis (OA) is a common condition among older adults; given the risks of surgical and pharmaceutical interventions, conservative, lower-cost management options such as footwear warrant further investigation. This systematic review investigated the effects of footwear, including shoe inserts, in reducing lower extremity joint pain and improving gait, mobility, and quality of life in older adults with OA. METHODS: The CINAHL, SPORTDiscus, PubMed, RECAL, and Web of Knowledge databases were searched for publications from January 1990 to September 2014, using the terms "footwear," "shoes," "gait," "pain," and "older adult...
November 7, 2016: Journal of Geriatric Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27693959/long-term-effects-of-lateral-wedge-orthotics-on-hip-and-ankle-joint-space-widths
#7
Mehmet E Tezcan, Berna Goker, Roy Lidtke, Joel A Block
BACKGROUND: Lateral wedge insoles have been used for the treatment of medial knee osteoarthritis (OA) and have been shown to reduce loading of the medial compartment of the knee. However, as the entire lower extremity acts as a single kinetic chain, altering the biomechanics of the knee may also have significant effects at the ankles or hips. We aimed to evaluate the effects of lateral wedge orthotics on ankle and hip joints, compared to neutral orthotics, by assessing the changes in joint space width (JSW) during 36 months of continuous use...
January 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27532798/effectiveness-of-offloading-methods-in-preventing-primary-diabetic-foot-ulcers-in-adults-with-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#8
Lisa Heuch, Judith Streak Gomersall
BACKGROUND: The incidence of foot ulceration related to diabetes is increasing. Many foot care professionals recommend offloading measures as part of management strategies for modulating excess pressure to prevent development of diabetic foot ulcers (DFUs). These measures may include padding, insoles/orthotic devices and footwear. There is a lack of evidence-based guidance on the effectiveness of the different offloading options for preventing primary ulceration in those with diabetes...
July 2016: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27477717/control-conditions-for-footwear-insole-and-orthotic-research
#9
Ryan T Lewinson, Jay T Worobets, Darren J Stefanyshyn
Footwear insoles/orthotics alter variables associated with musculoskeletal injury; however, their clinical effectiveness is inconclusive. One explanation for this is the possibility that control conditions may actually produce biomechanical changes that induce clinical responses. The purpose of this study was to compare insole/orthotic control conditions to identify if variables at the ground, ankle and knee that are associated with injury are altered relative to what participants would normally experience in their own shoes...
July 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27418948/effects-of-custom-made-textile-insoles-on-plantar-pressure-distribution-and-lower-limb-emg-activity-during-turning
#10
W T Lo, D P Wong, K L Yick, S P Ng, J Yip
BACKGROUND: Turning during locomotion involves considerable changes of the body's center of mass and reduced stability, as well as lower limb kinematics and kinetics. However, many previous studies have been carried out to evaluate the effectiveness and applications of orthotic insoles as well as different types of orthotic materials in various clinical symptoms, which are focused primarily on straight line walking. Hence, the influence of custom-made insoles with the use of advanced three-dimensional spacer fabrics on biomechanics parameters in terms of plantar pressure distribution and lower limb electromyography during turning movement was studied...
2016: Journal of Foot and Ankle Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27190460/effects-of-insoles-contact-on-static-balance
#11
Ju Yong Shin, Young Uk Ryu, Chae Woo Yi
[Purpose] This study examined the effect of the degree of the contact area between the insoles and soles on static balance. [Subjects and Methods] Thirteen healthy male and female adults voluntarily participated. All of the subjects wore three different types of insoles (no orthotic insole, partial contact, full contact) in the present experiment. The subjects were instructed to place both feet parallel to each other and maintain static balance for 30 seconds. Center of pressure parameters (range, total distance, and mean velocity) were analyzed...
April 2016: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26783259/the-foot-s-arch-and-the-energetics-of-human-locomotion
#12
Sarah M Stearne, Kirsty A McDonald, Jacqueline A Alderson, Ian North, Charles E Oxnard, Jonas Rubenson
The energy-sparing spring theory of the foot's arch has become central to interpretations of the foot's mechanical function and evolution. Using a novel insole technique that restricted compression of the foot's longitudinal arch, this study provides the first direct evidence that arch compression/recoil during locomotion contributes to lowering energy cost. Restricting arch compression near maximally (~80%) during moderate-speed (2.7 ms(-1)) level running increased metabolic cost by + 6.0% (p < 0...
January 19, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26772739/the-stap-study-the-cost-effectiveness-of-custom-made-orthotic-insoles-in-the-treatment-for-plantar-fasciopathy-in-general-practice-and-sports-medicine-design-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
N Rasenberg, L Fuit, E Poppe, A J A Kruijsen-Terpstra, K J Gorter, M S Rathleff, P L J van Veldhoven, P J Bindels, S M Bierma-Zeinstra, M van Middelkoop
BACKGROUND: Plantar fasciopathy is a common cause of foot pain, accounting for 11 to 15% of all foot symptoms requiring professional care in adults. Although many patients have complete resolution of symptoms within 12 months, many patients wish to reduce this period as much as possible. Orthotic devices are a frequently applied option of treatment in daily practice, despite a lack of evidence on the effectiveness. Therefore, the objective is to study the (cost)-effectiveness of custom made insoles by a podiatrist, compared to placebo insoles and usual care in patients with plantar fasciopathy in general practice and sports medicine clinics...
January 16, 2016: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26248876/the-current-role-of-orthoses-in-treating-haemophilic-arthropathy
#14
REVIEW
H De la Corte-Rodriguez, E C Rodriguez-Merchan
INTRODUCTION: Haemophilic arthropathy (HA) is an inevitable consequence of repeated haemarthroses in people with haemophilia, and principally affects their ankles, knees and elbows. It is advisable that haematological treatment be complemented with rehabilitation therapy and surgery. Orthoses are devices that are used within the framework of rehabilitation, in order to change the functional or structural characteristics of the neuromusculoskeletal system. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This article reviews the design, the materials and characteristics of orthoses and the indications for the various orthoses used in HA...
November 2015: Haemophilia: the Official Journal of the World Federation of Hemophilia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26123547/steenbeek-brace-patterns-of-wear
#15
Anil Agarwal, Abbas Shaharyar, Anubrat Kumar, Mohd Shafi Bhat, Madhusudan Mishra
UNLABELLED: Steenbeek foot abduction brace (SFAB) is an essential orthotic for maintaining correction in congenital talipes equinovarus treated with Ponseti method. As the brace is used up to 3 to 4 years of age, we examined the brace wear pattern according to a child's development and age. We studied 100 SFABs that were rendered unusable or returned by parents due to advanced brace wear. SFABs returned due to other reasons such as foot outgrowing shoe size were excluded. Each part of the brace (outer sole, insole, upper leather, abduction bar, shoe laces) was carefully inspected to observe any pattern of damage...
February 2016: Foot & Ankle Specialist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25998919/gait-analysis-in-down-syndrome-pediatric-patients-using-a-sheet-type-gait-analyzer-pilot-study
#16
Makiko Naito, Sayaka Aoki, Anri Kamide, Kohei Miyamura, Manami Honda, Akira Nagai, Hidetoshi Mezawa, Keiji Hashimoto
BACKGROUND: Children with Down syndrome (DS), who are likely to suffer from a large number of musculoskeletal problems, tend to have a unique pattern of walking in clinical settings. Despite such apparent uniqueness, few studies have empirically investigated gait development pattern in DS children, especially at an earlier age. We therefore conducted gait analysis in young DS children who are prescribed insoles, to explore how their gait patterns develop, using the gait parameters identified by Sutherland et al...
October 2015: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25937545/a-method-for-subject-specific-modelling-and-optimisation-of-the-cushioning-properties-of-insole-materials-used-in-diabetic-footwear
#17
Panagiotis E Chatzistergos, Roozbeh Naemi, Nachiappan Chockalingam
This study aims to develop a numerical method that can be used to investigate the cushioning properties of different insole materials on a subject-specific basis. Diabetic footwear and orthotic insoles play an important role for the reduction of plantar pressure in people with diabetes (type-2). Despite that, little information exists about their optimum cushioning properties. A new in-vivo measurement based computational procedure was developed which entails the generation of 2D subject-specific finite element models of the heel pad based on ultrasound indentation...
June 2015: Medical Engineering & Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25756275/prospective-study-on-the-effects-of-orthotic-treatment-for-medial-knee-osteoarthritis-in-chinese-patients-clinical-outcome-and-gait-analysis
#18
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Henry C H Fu, Chester W H Lie, T P Ng, K W Chen, C Y Tse, W H Wong
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of various orthotic treatments for patients with isolated medial compartment osteoarthritis. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study with sequential interventions. SETTING: University-affiliated hospital, Hong Kong. PATIENTS: From December 2010 to November 2011, 10 patients with medial knee osteoarthritis were referred by orthopaedic surgeons for orthotic treatment. All patients were sequentially treated with flat insole, lateral-wedged insole, lateral-wedged insole with subtalar strap, lateral-wedged insole with arch support, valgus knee brace, and valgus knee brace with lateral-wedged insole with arch support for 4 weeks with no treatment break...
April 2015: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25729088/ischemic-compression-and-joint-mobilisation-for-the-treatment-of-nonspecific-myofascial-foot-pain-findings-from-two-quasi-experimental-before-and-after-studies
#19
Guy Hains, Pierre B Boucher, Anne-Marie Lamy
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of myofascial therapy involving ischemic compression on trigger points in combination with mobilization therapy on patients with chronic nonspecific foot pain. STUDY DESIGN: Two quasi-experimental before-and-after studies involving two different baseline states. METHOD: Foot pain patients at a private clinic were divided into two separate cohorts: A, custom orthotic users; and B, non-users...
March 2015: Journal of the Canadian Chiropractic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25683316/the-effects-of-total-contact-insole-with-forefoot-medial-posting-on-rearfoot-movement-and-foot-pressure-distributions-in-patients-with-flexible-flatfoot
#20
Simon Fuk-Tan Tang, Chien-Hung Chen, Chih-Kuan Wu, Wei-Hsien Hong, Kuan-Jung Chen, Chih-Kuang Chen
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the therapeutic effect of total contact insole with forefoot medial posting (TCIFMP) orthosis in patients with flexible flatfoot. The TCIFMP insole was custom- mode, made from semi-rigid plastazote and PPT. Using the gait analysis and the plantar-pressure measure systems, we investigate rearfoot motion and plantar pressure redistribution in these patients. The results of this study showed that the excessive valgus movement of the rearfoot can be reduced significantly by the TCIFMP insole in these patients...
February 2015: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
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