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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938540/microrna-128-3p-regulates-mitomycin-c-induced-dna-damage-response-in-lung-cancer-cells-through-repressing-sptan1
#1
Rui Zhang, Chang Liu, Yahan Niu, Ying Jing, Haiyang Zhang, Jin Wang, Jie Yang, Ke Zen, Junfeng Zhang, Chen-Yu Zhang, Donghai Li
The DNA damage response is critical for maintaining genome integrity and preventing damage to DNA due to endogenous and exogenous insults. Mitomycin C (MMC), a potent DNA cross-linker, is used as a chemotherapeutic agent because it causes DNA inter-strand cross-links (DNA ICLs) in cancer cells. While many microRNAs, which may serve as oncogenes or tumor suppressors, are grossly dysregulated in human cancers, little is known about their roles in MMC-treated lung cancer. Here, we report that miR-128-3p can attenuate repair of DNA ICLs by targeting SPTAN1 (αII Sp), resulting in cell cycle arrest and promoting chromosomal aberrations in lung cancer cells treated with MMC...
August 29, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938381/accelerated-epi-on-versus-standard-epi-off-corneal-collagen-cross-linking-for-progressive-keratoconus-in-pediatric-patients
#2
Maria A Henriquez, Ana M Rodríguez, Luis Izquierdo
PURPOSE: To evaluate and compare the effectiveness and safety of accelerated transepithelial (A-epi-on) corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) with standard CXL (epi-off) for children with progressive keratoconus. METHODS: Prospective, cohort study including 61 eyes of 51 patients younger than 18 years with progressive keratoconus at Oftalmosalud Instituto de Ojos, Lima, Peru. A-epi-on CXL was performed for 36 eyes using 30 minutes of impregnation (0.25% riboflavin, 1...
September 21, 2017: Cornea
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938035/guided-bone-regeneration-with-collagen-membranes-and-particulate-graft-materials-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Bastian Wessing, Stefan Lettner, Werner Zechner
PURPOSE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to evaluate different methods for guided bone regeneration using collagen membranes and particulate grafting materials in implant dentistry. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An electronic database search and hand search were performed for all relevant articles dealing with guided bone regeneration in implant dentistry published between 1980 and 2014. Only randomized clinical trials and prospective controlled studies were included...
September 22, 2017: International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937873/effect-of-parathyroidectomy-on-osteopontin-and-undercarboxylated-osteocalcin-in-patients-with-primary-hyperparathyroidism
#4
Raelene E Maser, M James Lenhard, Ryan T Pohlig, P Babu Balagopal, Raafat Abdel-Misih
PURPOSE: Surgical treatment for primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) improves bone metabolism. Osteocalcin (OC) and its undercarboxylated form (ucOC) are associated with bone and energy metabolism. Osteopontin (OPN), a multifunctional protein expressed in bone, is involved in resorption, along with β-carboxyl-terminal cross-linking telopeptide of type 1 collagen (β-CTX), and osteoprotegerin (OPG). Our aim was to investigate these biomarkers of bone metabolism in patients with PHPT. METHODS: We examined 30 individuals with PHPT, in a clinical research facility, before and 1 month following parathyroidectomy...
September 22, 2017: Endocrine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937634/the-physiological-and-pathological-implications-of-the-formation-of-hydrogels-with-a-specific-focus-on-amyloid-polypeptides
#5
REVIEW
Létitia Jean, Alex C Foley, David J T Vaux
Hydrogels are water-swollen and viscoelastic three-dimensional cross-linked polymeric network originating from monomer polymerisation. Hydrogel-forming polypeptides are widely found in nature and, at a cellular and organismal level, they provide a wide range of functions for the organism making them. Amyloid structures, arising from polypeptide aggregation, can be damaging or beneficial to different types of organisms. Although the best-known amyloids are those associated with human pathologies, this underlying structure is commonly used by higher eukaryotes to maintain normal cellular activities, and also by microbial communities to promote their survival and growth...
September 22, 2017: Biomolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937154/structural-basis-of-interstrand-cross-link-repair-by-o-6-alkylguanine-dna-alkyltransferase
#6
Alexey Y Denisov, Francis P McManus, Derek K O'Flaherty, Anne M Noronha, Christopher J Wilds
DNA interstrand cross-links (ICL) are among the most cytotoxic lesions found in biological systems. O(6)-Alkylguanine DNA alkyltransferases (AGTs) are capable of removing alkylation damage from the O(6)-atom of 2'-deoxyguanosine and the O(4)-atom of thymidine. Human AGT (hAGT) has demonstrated the ability to repair an interstrand cross-linked duplex where two O(6)-atoms of 2'-deoxyguanosine were tethered by a butylene (XLGG4) or heptylene (XLGG7) linkage. However, the analogous ICL between the O(4)-atoms of thymidine was found to evade repair...
September 22, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936867/anisotropic-dye-adsorption-and-anhydrous-proton-conductivity-in-smectic-liquid-crystal-networks-the-role-of-cross-link-density-order-and-orientation
#7
Ting Liang, Huub P C van Kuringen, Dirk J Mulder, Shuai Tan, Yong Wu, Zandrie Borneman, Kitty Nijmeijer, Albertus P H J Schenning
In this work the decisive role of rigidity, orientation and order in the smectic liquid crystalline network on the anisotropic proton and adsorbent properties is reported. The rigidity in the hydrogen-bonded polymer network has been altered by changing the cross-link density, the order by using different mesophases (smectic, nematic and isotropic phases) while the orientation of the mesogens was controlled by alignment layers. Adding more cross-linker improved the integrity of the polymer films. For the proton conduction, an optimum was found in the amount of cross-linker and the smectic organization results in the highest anhydrous proton conduction...
September 22, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936809/association-between-vitamin-d-and-carboxy-terminal-cross-linked-telopeptide-of-type-i-collagen-in-children-during-growth-hormone-replacement-therapy
#8
Ewelina Witkowska-Sędek, Anna Stelmaszczyk-Emmel, Anna Kucharska, Urszula Demkow, Beata Pyrżak
Growth hormone and insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) play a crucial role in the regulation of bone turnover. Adequate vitamin D status supports proper bone remodeling, leading to normal longitudinal bone growth and normal peak bone mass. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] and carboxy-terminal cross-linked telopeptide of type I collagen (ICTP) in children and adolescents with growth hormone deficiency at baseline and during recombinant human growth hormone (rhGH) replacement therapy...
September 22, 2017: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936535/8-oxo-7-8-dihydro-2-deoxyguanosine-and-abasic-site-tandem-lesions-are-oxidation-prone-yielding-hydantoin-products-that-strongly-destabilize-duplex-dna
#9
Aaron M Fleming, Cynthia J Burrows
In DNA, 2'-deoxyguanosine (dG) is susceptible to oxidative modification by reactive oxygen species (ROS) yielding many products, one of which is 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (dOG). Interestingly, dOG is stable but much more labile toward oxidation than dG, furnishing 5-guanidinohydantoin-2'-deoxyribose (dGh) that is favored in the duplex context or spiroiminodihydantoin-2'-deoxyribose (dSp) that is favored in the oxidation of single-stranded contexts. Previously, exposure of DNA to ionizing radiation found ∼50% of the dOG exists as a tandem lesion with an adjacent formamide site...
September 22, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936055/infectious-crystalline-keratopathy-after-corneal-cross-linking
#10
Mohammed Al-Amry, Tariq Mudhaiyan, Reem Al-Huthail, Huda Al-Ghadeer
To report a rare case of infectious keratitis after collagen cross-linking (CXL) for keratoconus. A 20-year-old male patient underwent CXL for keratoconus in his right eye. Four weeks after the procedure, he reported blurred vision and redness with increasing pain in the treated eye. Ophthalmic examination revealed a corneal epithelial defect with corneal infiltrates that exhibited branching needle-like opacities. The patient was diagnosed with infectious crystalline keratopathy (ICK). Corneal scrapings and culture indicated the presence of Streptococcus sanguinis...
April 2017: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935595/plasma-treatment-as-an-efficient-tool-for-controlled-drug-release-from-polymeric-materials-a-review
#11
REVIEW
D G Petlin, S I Tverdokhlebov, Y G Anissimov
One of the most actively developing fields in modern medicine is controlled drug delivery, an ability to keep optimal concentration of a drug at the desired body location. In particular, the most attention for potential use as drug delivery vehicles is drawn towards biodegradable polymeric materials. This is due to the versatility of tools for their fabrication, as well as due to the need to extract them after implantation being eliminated. In order to enhance polymer characteristics in terms of biocompatibility their surface can be functionalized...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Controlled Release: Official Journal of the Controlled Release Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935560/anti-inflammatory-and-anti-oxidant-properties-of-laccase-synthesized-phenolic-o-carboxymethyl-chitosan-hydrogels
#12
Daniela Huber, Adrianna Grzelak, Martina Baumann, Nicole Borth, Gerhard Schleining, Gibson S Nyanhongo, Georg M Guebitz
A bioactive O-carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) hydrogel crosslinked with natural phenolics with potential application in wound dressings was synthesized using a laccase from Myceliophthora thermophila (MTL). The highest degree of cross-linking (49.7%) was achieved with catechol. All the phenolic-CMCS hydrogels synthesized showed excellent anti-oxidant properties with a free radical scavenging activity up to 4-fold higher than in the absence of the phenolics, as quantified by the di(phenyl)-(2,4,6-trinitrophenyl)iminoazanium (DPPH) assay...
September 18, 2017: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935541/a-novel-controlled-drug-delivery-system-based-on-alginate-hydrogel-chitosan-micelle-composites
#13
Zhaotong Cong, Yanbin Shi, Yang Wang, Yanhong Wang, Jing'e Niu, Nana Chen, Haoyue Xue
In this study, we present a novel cross-linked unimolecular micelle based on chitosan. For controlling drug delivery via oral administration, emodin (EMO) encapsulated micelles were loaded into sodium alginate hydrogel matrix to construct the pH-sensitive hydrogel/micelle composites. The optimized formulation of micelle that consists of 8.06% CaCl2, 1.71% chitosan and 26.52% β-GP was obtained by the combination of Box-Behnken experimental design and response surface methodology. The morphological analysis showed that the micelles exhibited a smaller diameter of about 80nm in aqueous solution, but dilated to 100-200nm in hydrogel owing to the formation of polyelectrolyte complexes...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935449/long-term-outcomes-of-corneal-cross-linking-for-keratoconus-in-pediatric-patients
#14
Paraskevi G Zotta, Vasilios F Diakonis, George D Kymionis, Michael Grentzelos, Kostas A Moschou
PURPOSE: To report the long-term outcomes of corneal cross-linking (CXL) in pediatric patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus. METHODS: The medical records of consecutive pediatric patients with bilateral progressive keratoconus who underwent CXL at a single institution from June 2007to December 2009 were reviewed. All eyes underwent CXL treatment in accordance with the original Dresden protocol. Pre- and post-operative (at 1 year and >5 years after CXL) examinations included, corneal thickness (CT) at the thinnest point, corneal topographic evaluation (flat, steep meridian keratometry and maximum keratometry), with manifest refraction and corrected distance visual acuity...
September 18, 2017: Journal of AAPOS: the Official Publication of the American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935121/treatment-of-acute-ocular-chemical-burns
#15
REVIEW
Namrata Sharma, Manpreet Kaur, Tushar Agarwal, Virender S Sangwan, Rasik B Vajpayee
Ocular chemical burns are an ophthalmic emergency and are responsible for 11.5% to 22.1% of ocular injuries. Immediate copious irrigation is universally recommended in acute ocular burns to remove the offending agent and minimize damage. Conventional medical therapy consists of the use of agents that promote epithelialization, minimize inflammation, and prevent cicatricial complications. Biological fluids such as autologous serum, umbilical cord blood serum, platelet-rich plasma, and amniotic membrane suspension are a rich source of growth factors and promote healing when used as adjuncts to conventional therapy...
September 18, 2017: Survey of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934876/comparison-of-intra-articular-injection-of-hyaluronic-acid-and-n-acetyl-cysteine-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-study
#16
Mustafa Ozcamdalli, Abdulhamit Misir, Turan Bilge Kizkapan, Erdal Uzun, Fuat Duygulu, Cevat Yazici, Ibrahim Halil Kafadar
Objective To compare the relative effectiveness of intra-articular N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and hyaluronic acid (HA) on pain, function and cartilage degradation markers in patients with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA). Design We prospectively conducted a clinical trial with 20 patients having a diagnosis of Kellgren-Lawrence grade 2-3 knee OA, and randomly allocated to the HA or NAC groups. Groups were matched on age, sex, and body mass index. Injections of 3-mL HA (Hylan G-F 20) or 3-mL NAC (Asist ampoule) were administered as a single shot...
October 2017: Cartilage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934468/alyref-mainly-binds-to-the-5-and-the-3-regions-of-the-mrna-in-vivo
#17
Min Shi, Heng Zhang, Xudong Wu, Zhisong He, Lantian Wang, Shanye Yin, Bin Tian, Guohui Li, Hong Cheng
The TREX complex (TREX) plays key roles in nuclear export of mRNAs. However, little is known about its transcriptome-wide binding targets. We used individual cross-linking and immunoprecipitation (iCLIP) to identify the binding sites of ALYREF, an mRNA export adaptor in TREX, in human cells. Consistent with previous in vitro studies, ALYREF binds to a region near the 5' end of the mRNA in a CBP80-dependent manner. Unexpectedly, we identified PABPN1-dependent ALYREF binding near the 3' end of the mRNA. Furthermore, the 3' processing factor CstF64 directly interacts with ALYREF and is required for the overall binding of ALYREF on the mRNA...
September 19, 2017: Nucleic Acids Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934356/reducing-cell-wall-feruloylation-by-expression-of-a-fungal-ferulic-acid-esterase-in-festuca-arundinacea-modifies-plant-growth-leaf-morphology-and-the-turnover-of-cell-wall-arabinoxylans
#18
Marcia M de O Buanafina, Prashanti R Iyer, M Fernanda Buanafina, Erica A Shearer
A feature of cell wall arabinoxylan in grasses is the presence of ferulic acid which upon oxidative coupling by the action of peroxidases forms diferuloyl bridges between formerly separated arabinoxylans. Ferulate cross-linking is suspected of playing various roles in different plant processes. Here we investigate the role of cell wall feruloyaltion in two major processes, that of leaf growth and the turnover of cell wall arabinoxylans on leaf senescence in tall fescue using plants in which the level of cell wall ferulates has been reduced by targeted expression of the Aspergillus niger ferulic acid esterase A (FAEA) to the apoplast or Golgi...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934328/the-human-vgf-derived-bioactive-peptide-tlqp-21-binds-heat-shock-71-kda-protein-8-hspa8-on-the-surface-of-sh-sy5y-cells
#19
Shamim Akhter, Sandipan Chakraborty, Daniela Moutinho, Elia Álvarez-Coiradas, Isaac Rosa, Juan Viñuela, Eduardo Domínguez, Angel García, Jesús R Requena
VGF (non-acronymic)is a secreted chromogranin/secretogranin that gives rise to a number of bioactive peptides by a complex proteolysis mechanism. VGF-derived peptides exert an extensive array of biological effects in energy metabolism, mood regulation, pain, gastric secretion function, reproduction and, perhaps, cancer. It is therefore surprising that very little is known about receptors and binding partners of VGF-derived peptides and their downstream molecular mechanisms of action. Here, using affinity chromatography and mass spectrometry-based protein identification, we have identified the heat shock cognate 71 kDa protein A8 (HSPA8)as a binding partner of human TLQP-21 on the surface of human neuroblastomaSH-SY5Y cells...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933779/genetically-encoded-releasable-photo-cross-linking-strategies-for-studying-protein-protein-interactions-in-living-cells
#20
Yi Yang, Haiping Song, Dan He, Shuai Zhang, Shizhong Dai, Xiao Xie, Shixian Lin, Ziyang Hao, Huangtao Zheng, Peng R Chen
Although protein-protein interactions (PPIs) have crucial roles in virtually all cellular processes, the identification of more transient interactions in their biological context remains challenging. Conventional photo-cross-linking strategies can be used to identify transient interactions, but these approaches often suffer from high background due to the cross-linked bait proteins. To solve the problem, we have developed membrane-permeable releasable photo-cross-linkers that allow for prey-bait separation after protein complex isolation and can be installed in proteins of interest (POIs) as unnatural amino acids...
October 2017: Nature Protocols
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