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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146627/single-session-versus-staged-procedures-for-elective-multivessel-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#1
Toshiaki Toyota, Takeshi Morimoto, Hiroki Shiomi, Kyohei Yamaji, Kenji Ando, Koh Ono, Satoshi Shizuta, Naritatsu Saito, Takao Kato, Shuichiro Kaji, Yutaka Furukawa, Yoshihisa Nakagawa, Kazushige Kadota, Minoru Horie, Takeshi Kimura
OBJECTIVES: To clarify the effect of single-session multivessel percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) strategy relative to the staged multivessel strategy on clinical outcomes in patients with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) or non-ST-elevation acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: In the Coronary REvascularisation Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto PCI/coronary artery bypass grafting registry cohort-2, there were 2018 patients who underwent elective multivessel PCI...
November 16, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132931/hybrid-surgical-versus-percutaneous-access-epicardial-ventricular-tachycardia-ablation
#2
Anthony Li, Justin Hayase, Duc Do, Eric Buch, Marmar Vaseghi, Olujimi A Ajijola, Carlos Macias, Yuliya Krokhaleva, Houman Khakpour, Noel G Boyle, Peyman Benharash, Reshma Biniwale, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Jason S Bradfield
BACKGROUND: There is limited experience of surgical epicardial access in the contemporary era of ventricular tachycardia ablation after prior cardiac surgery. OBJECTIVE: To describe our institutional experience with surgical epicardial access, the influence of surgical approach and compare outcomes to a propensity-matched percutaneous epicardial access control group. METHODS: A retrospective study of consecutive surgical epicardial VT ablation cases from a single center was performed...
November 10, 2017: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130017/clinical-characteristics-management-and-outcomes-of-suspected-poststroke-acute-coronary-syndrome
#3
Sylvia Marie Biso, Marvin Lu, Toni Anne De Venecia, Supakanya Wongrakpanich, Mary Rodriguez-Ziccardi, Sujani Yadlapati, Marina Kishlyansky, Harish Seetha Rammohan, Vincent M Figueredo
Background: Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can complicate acute ischemic stroke, causing significant morbidity and mortality. To date, literatures that describe poststroke acute coronary syndrome and its morbidity and mortality burden are lacking. Methods: This is a single center, retrospective study where clinical characteristics, cardiac evaluation, and management of patients with suspected poststroke ACS were compared and analyzed for their association with inpatient mortality and 1-year all-cause mortality...
2017: Cardiology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124027/risk-factors-of-on-pump-conversion-during-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-graft
#4
Sung Sil Yoon, Jung Hee Bang, Sang Seok Jeong, Jae Hwa Jeong, Jong Soo Woo
Background: Off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) procedures can avoid the complications of an on-pump bypass. However, some cases unexpectedly require conversion to cardiopulmonary bypass during OPCABG. The risk factors associated with a sudden need for cardiopulmonary bypass were analyzed. Methods: This retrospective study included 283 subjects scheduled for OPCABG from 2001 to 2010. These were divided into an OPCABG group and an on-pump conversion group...
October 2017: Korean Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112468/the-effects-of-on-pump-and-off-pump-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-on-respiratory-function-in-the-early-postoperative-period
#5
Federica Chiarenza, Theodoros Tsoutsouras, Cesare Cassisi, Cristina Santonocito, Stephen Gerry, Marinella Astuto, Shane George, Filippo Sanfilippo
BACKGROUND: Respiratory complications are common after cardiac surgery and the use of extracorporeal circulation is one of the main causes of lung injury. We hypothesized a better postoperative respiratory function in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG) as compared with "on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting" (ONCABG). METHODS: This is a retrospective, single-center study at a cardiothoracic intensive care unit (ICU) in a tertiary university hospital...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29098634/pre-and-postoperative-anemia-acute-kidney-injury-and-mortality-after-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-surgery-a-retrospective-observational-study
#6
Adriana D Oprea, J Mauricio Del Rio, Mary Cooter, Cynthia L Green, Jörn A Karhausen, Patrick Nailer, Nicole R Guinn, Mihai V Podgoreanu, Mark Stafford-Smith, Jacob N Schroder, Manuel L Fontes, Miklos D Kertai
BACKGROUND: Preoperative and postoperative anemia have been identified individually as potential risk factors for postoperative complications after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery. Their interrelationship with acute kidney injury (AKI) and long-term mortality, however, has not been clearly defined and was the purpose of this study. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated 6,130 adult patients undergoing CABG surgery performed at a single large academic medical center...
November 2, 2017: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29082890/acute-pancreatitis-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-treated-by-plasmapheresis
#7
Emine Şeyma Denli Yalvaç, Mustafa Aldağ, Cemal Kocaaslan, Ebubekir Şenateş, Ebuzer Aydın
Acute pancreatitis (AP) is a common disorder and an important cause of morbidity and mortality. There are different causes of AP, including gallstones and excessive alcohol consumption. AP after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery is seen less frequently but it is associated with a high mortality rate due to its atypical and misleading symptoms. Supportive treatment, pain management, and treatment of complications are used in the treatment of AP. The treatment of hypertriglyceridemia-induced pancreatitis is plasmapheresis, which is an extracorporeal separation of blood components to assist in the removal of inflammatory mediators...
October 30, 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081160/-effectiveness-and-safety-of-anti-fibrinolytic-therapy-in-on-pump-cabg
#8
J Wang, Y Zhang, W J Xiao, L Jin, Y L Zhang, J Shi
Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of anti-fibrinolytic therapy in on-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods: Two hundred and eleven patients receiving on-pump CABG in Fuwai Hospital were recruited and randomized into treatment group (group T) and control group (group C) between October 2014 and February 2017. Tranexamic acid was given with a 10 mg/kg loading dose and 10 mg·kg(-1)·h(-1) infusion dose to group T and equal volume of saline was given to group C throughout the surgery...
October 31, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29074154/less-is-more-results-of-a-statewide-analysis-of-the-impact-of-blood-transfusion-on-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-outcomes
#9
Todd C Crawford, J Trent Magruder, Charles Fraser, Alejandro Suarez-Pierre, Diane Alejo, Jennifer Bobbitt, Clifford E Fonner, Joseph K Canner, Keith Horvath, Kurt Wehberg, Bradley Taylor, Christopher Kwon, Glenn J Whitman, John V Conte, Rawn Salenger
BACKGROUND: Debate persists over the association between blood transfusions, especially those considered discretionary, and outcomes after cardiac operations. Using data from the Maryland Cardiac Surgery Quality Initiative, we sought to determine whether outcomes differed among coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients receiving 1 U of red blood cells (RBCs) vs none. METHODS: We used a statewide database to review patients who underwent isolated CABG from July 1, 2011, to June 30, 2016, across 10 Maryland cardiac surgery centers...
October 24, 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062616/association-of-internal-mammary-artery-flow-with-different-comorbidities-and-post-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-complications
#10
Mudassir Iqbal Dar, Asim Hassan Dar, Muhammad Bilal, Mansoor Ahmad, Abdul Haseeb
Objective The internal mammary artery (IMA) is commonly used arterial graft for coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). The IMA has a better patency and survival. This study considers different comorbidities and conditions where IMA flow may be low. Therefore, the main objective is to determine the flow of IMA in different diseases, its relation to gender, age, and in different blood groups in order to prevent possible complications. Methods A prospective study was conducted at the Cardiac Surgery Unit, Civil Hospital Karachi from January 2013 to December 2015...
August 20, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049617/survival-results-of-postoperative-coronary-angiogram-for-treatment-of-perioperative-myocardial-ischaemia-following-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-single-centre-experience
#11
Maximilian J Preußer, Jan Landwehrt, Stefano Mastrobuoni, Fausto Biancari, Abdul R Dakkak, Mosab Alshakaki, Sven Martens, Angelo M Dell'Aquila
OBJECTIVES: Although perioperative myocardial ischaemia (PMI) is a well-known complication following coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), standard strategies for its diagnosis and treatment are so far not defined. In this study, we sought to evaluate the impact on survival of postoperative coronary angiogram for management of patients with PMI after CABG. METHODS: Overall, 4028 patients underwent isolated CABG in a single-centre institution between January 2006 and September 2013...
September 26, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044398/trends-in-mortality-and-major-complications-for-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-among-urban-teaching-hospitals-in-china-2004-to-2013
#12
Xin Yuan, Heng Zhang, Zhe Zheng, Chenfei Rao, Yan Zhao, Yun Wang, Harlan M Krumholz, Shengshou Hu
Aims: Although the number of hospitals performing cardiac surgery has increased rapidly in China, information regarding the trends in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) outcomes remains unknown. Methods and results: We used data from the Chinese Cardiac Surgery Registry, the largest registry system that accounts for nearly 50% of total annual CABG volume in China, to assess trends of in-hospital mortality and major complication rates for patients receiving isolated CABG in 102 urban teaching hospitals in China from 25 January 2004 through 31 December 2013 (except 2006 and 2009)...
October 1, 2017: European Heart Journal. Quality of Care & Clinical Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027034/low-intensity-led-therapy-%C3%AE-640%C3%A2-%C3%A2-%C3%A2-20%C3%A2-nm-on-saphenectomy-healing-in-patients-who-underwent-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-a-randomized-double-blind-study
#13
Raimundo de Barros Araújo Júnior, Isabel Clarisse Albuquerque Gonzaga, Gilderlene Alves Fernandes, Andréa Conceição Gomes Lima, Paulo Sergio Tajra Cortelazzi, Rauirys Alencar de Oliveira, Renata Amadei Nicolau
Myocardial revascularization surgery (CABG) is the most appropriate treatment for coronary artery disease. Currently, the great challenge is to reduce postoperative complications, such as wound infections, dehiscence, pain, and patients' quality of life. The saphenectomy is the target of complications in 10% of cases, which can cause greater morbidity, time, and cost of hospitalization. Studies show that low-intensity laser or light-emitted diode (LED) therapy promotes positive biomodulation of the tissue repair process, culminating in a lower incidence of dehiscence, pain reduction, and improvement in quality of life...
October 13, 2017: Lasers in Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991056/ultrafast-track-robotic-assisted-minimally-invasive-coronary-artery-surgical-revascularization
#14
Christopher L Tarola, Hussein A Al-Amodi, Sankar Balasubramanian, Stephanie A Fox, Christopher C Harle, Ivan Iglesias, Kumar Sridhar, Patrick J Teefy, Michael W A Chu, Bob B Kiaii
OBJECTIVE: Contemporary anesthetic techniques have enabled shorter sedation and early extubation in off-pump and minimally invasive coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery. Robotic-assisted CABG represents the optimal surgical approach for ultrafast track anesthesia, with patients able to bypass the cardiac surgical intensive care unit with recovery in the postanesthesia care unit (PACU) and inpatient ward. METHODS: In-hospital postoperative outcomes from ninety patients who underwent either elective or urgent robotically-assisted CABG at our institution were reviewed...
September 2017: Innovations: Technology and Techniques in Cardiothoracic and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28982550/randomized-trial-of-carnitine-for-the-prevention-of-perioperative-atrial-fibrillation
#15
Farzaneh Dastan, Azita Hajhossein Talasaz, Mojtaba Mojtahedzadeh, Abbassali Karimi, Abbas Salehiomran, Payvand Bina, Arash Jalali
Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common complications in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of L-carnitine administration on postoperative AF and the levels of C-reactive protein (CRP) following CABG. The effects of L-carnitine on the incidence of acute kidney injury after CABG were also assessed. One hundred thirty-four patients undergoing elective CABG, without a history of AF or previous L-carnitine treatment, were randomly assigned to an L-carnitine group (3000 mg/d L-carnitine) or a control group...
August 24, 2017: Seminars in Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980298/hematologic-indices-as-predictors-of-atrial-fibrillation-following-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-valvular-surgery-or-combined-procedures-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#16
Alexander Weymann, Sadeq Ali-Hasan-Al-Saegh, Aron-Frederik Popov, Anton Sabashnikov, Seyed Jalil Mirhosseini, Tong Liu, Gary Tse, Mohammadreza Lotfaliani, Azam Ghanei, Luca Testa, Fabrizio D'Ascenzo, Umberto Benedetto, Hamidreza Dehghan, Leonardo Roever, Michel Pompeu Barros de Oliveira Sá, William L Baker, Senol Yavuz, Mohamed Zeriouh, Ahmed Mashhour, Luis Nombela-Franco, Jae-Sik Jang, Lei Meng, Mengqi Gong, Abhishek J Deshmukh, Tullio Palmerini, Cecilia Linde, Krzysztof J Filipiak, Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai, Hugh Calkins, Gregg W Stone
BACKGROUND: New postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) is one of the most critical and common complications after cardiovascular surgery precipitating early and late morbidities. Complete blood count (CBC) is an imperative blood test in clinical practice routinely used in the examination of cardiovascular diseases. This systematic review with meta-analysis aimed to determine the strength of evidence for evaluating the association of hematological indices in the CBC tests with atrial fibrillation following isolated coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), isolated valvular surgery or combination of these treatments...
October 5, 2017: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975079/comparing-the-effects-of-isoflurane-sufentanil-anesthesia-and-propofol-sufentanil-anesthesia-on-serum-cortisol-levels-in-open-heart-surgery-with-cardiopulmonary-bypass
#17
Abbas Sedighinejad, Vali Imantalab, Ali Mirmansouri, Bahram Naderi Nabi, Masoud Tarbiat, Ali Mohammad Sadeghi, Nassir Nassiri Sheikhani, Mohammad Haghighi, Zahra Sayahe Varag
BACKGROUND: Major surgeries such as open-heart surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass are associated with a complexity of stress response leading to post-operative complications. Studies have confirmed that anesthesia can mitigate the surgically induced stress response. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to compare the effects of propofol and isoflurane, both supplemented with Sufentanil, on the stress response in coronary artery bypass graft surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass, using cortisol as a biochemical marker...
December 2016: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974662/outcomes-of-patients-with-a-history-of-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-who-underwent-orbital-atherectomy-for-severe-coronary-artery-calcification
#18
Michael S Lee, Evan Shlofmitz, Arash Nayeri, John Hollowed, Richard A Shlofmitz
OBJECTIVE: We assess the angiographic and clinical outcomes of patients with a history of coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery who underwent orbital atherectomy for the treatment of severely calcified coronary lesions. BACKGROUND: The presence of severe coronary artery calcification (CAC) increases the complexity of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and is associated with worse clinical outcomes. Patients with a history of CABG who undergo PCI often have comorbidities and are at higher risk for ischemic complications...
October 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974496/outcome-of-stable-patients-with-acute-myocardial-infarction-and-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-within-48%C3%A2-hours-a-single-center-retrospective-experience
#19
Christina Grothusen, Christine Friedrich, Johannes Loehr, Jette Meinert, Eva Ohnewald, Ulysses Ulbricht, Tim Attmann, Assad Haneya, Katharina Huenges, Sandra Freitag-Wolf, Jan Schoettler, Jochen Cremer
BACKGROUND: The optimal timing of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in clinically stable patients with acute myocardial infarction who are unsuitable for percutaneous coronary intervention is unclear. We report our experience with early CABG in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between January 2001 and May 2015, 766 patients with ST-segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, n=305) or non-STEMI (NSTEMI, n=461) not including cardiogenic shock underwent CABG within 48 hours at our department...
October 3, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953653/risk-analysis-of-dialysis-dependent-patients-who-underwent-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-effects-of-dialysis-modes-on-outcomes
#20
Han-Yan Li, Chih-Hsiang Chang, Cheng-Chia Lee, Victor Chien-Chia Wu, Dong-Yi Chen, Pao-Hsien Chu, Kuo-Sheng Liu, Feng-Chun Tsai, Pyng-Jing Lin, Shao-Wei Chen
Cardiovascular disease is the major morbidity and leading cause of mortality for dialysis-dependent patients. This study aimed to stratify the risk factors and effects of dialysis modes in relation to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) surgery among dialysis-dependent patients.This retrospective study enrolled dialysis-dependent patients who underwent CABG from October 2005 to January 2015. All data of demographics, medical history, surgical details, postoperative complications, and in-hospital mortality were analyzed, and patients were categorized as those with or without in-hospital mortality and those with preoperative hemodialysis (HD) or peritoneal dialysis (PD)...
September 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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