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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935429/glycemic-control-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-clinical-features-predictors-and-outcomes
#1
Judson B Williams, Eric D Peterson, Álvaro S Albrecht, Shuang Li, Sameer A Hirji, T Ferguson, Peter K Smith, Renato D Lopes
PURPOSE: Critically ill patients with hyperglycemia have worse prognosis. The degree to which glycemic control is achieved following CABG surgery and the association with clinical outcomes is not well understood. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We studied patients undergoing higher risk CABG surgery at 55 US hospitals. Good glycemic control was defined as 70-180mg/dL in the first 24h postoperatively. Generalized estimating equations logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship between glycemic control and clinical outcomes after adjusting for baseline characteristics...
September 9, 2017: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918203/short-term-effects-of-preoperative-beta-blocker-use-for-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#2
Liangshan Wang, Hong Wang, Xiaotong Hou
OBJECTIVE: The use of preoperative beta-blockers has been used as a quality standard for patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). However, the benefits of beta-blockers use before CABG remain controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to investigate the short-term effects of preoperative beta-blocker use for patients undergoing isolated CABG. METHODS: We searched PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for English articles published from inception to August 16, 2016...
August 24, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916604/coronary-perforation-complicating-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-in-patients-with-a-history-of-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-an-analysis-of-309-perforation-cases-from-the-british-cardiovascular-intervention-society-database
#3
Tim Kinnaird, Richard Anderson, Nick Ossei-Gerning, James Cockburn, Alex Sirker, Peter Ludman, Mark de Belder, Thomas W Johnson, Samuel Copt, Azfar Zaman, Mamas A Mamas
BACKGROUND: The evidence base for coronary perforation (CP) occurring during percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with a history of coronary artery bypass surgery (PCI-CABG) is limited and the long-term effects unclear. Using a national PCI database, the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of CP during PCI-CABG were defined. METHODS AND RESULTS: Data were analyzed on all PCI-CABG procedures performed in England and Wales between 2005 and 2013. Multivariate logistic regressions and propensity scores were used to identify predictors of CP and its association with outcomes...
September 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915508/preoperative-intraaortic-balloon-pump-improves-early-outcomes-following-high-risk-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-trials-and-prospective-study-design
#4
Penelope P Rampersad, Jacob A Udell, Rami Zawi, Maral Ouzounian, Christopher B Overgaard, Vinoda Sharma, Vivek Rao, Michael E Farkouh, Vladimír Džavík
BACKGROUND: Despite widespread use, evidence to support preemptive intraaortic balloon pump (IABP) insertion for patients undergoing high-risk coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery remains sparse, and in need of a well-defined clinical trial. To inform the design of a prospective trial, we sought to review outcomes in randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of anticipatory IABP use vs control in patients undergoing high-risk CABG through meta-analysis. The primary endpoint was all-cause mortality within 30 days of surgery...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Invasive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903842/effect-of-early-%C3%A2-3-mets-metabolic-equivalent-of-tasks-of-physical-activity-on-patient-s-outcome-after-cardiac-surgery
#5
Muhammad Iqbal Tariq, Asif Ali Khan, Zara Khalid, Hania Farheen, Furqan Ahmed Siddiqi, Imran Amjad
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of <3 Mets (Metabolic Equivalent of Tasks) of physical activity on zero postoperative days for improving hemodynamic and respiratory parameters of patients after cardiac surgeries. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized control trial. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: BARMWTHospital, Rawalpindi, from March to August 2015. METHODOLOGY: Arandomized controlled trial was conducted on 174 CABG and valvular heart disease patients undergoing cardiac surgical procedures...
August 2017: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900266/cha2ds2-vasc-score-as-predictor-of-ischemic-stroke-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-and-percutaneous-coronary-intervention
#6
Yaohua Tian, Chenlu Yang, Hui Liu
Ischemic stroke following coronary revascularization procedures remains one of the most potentially devastating complications. CHA2DS2-VASc score has been widely used for stroke risk stratification in AF patients. The aim of this nationwide study was to examine the association between the CHA2DS2-VASc score and ischemic stroke following coronary revascularization procedures. We identified patients undergoing coronary revascularization procedures, coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), using the electronic Hospitalization Summary Reports...
September 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888272/gender-differences-in-coronary-angiography-subsequent-interventions-and-outcomes-among-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndromes
#7
MULTICENTER STUDY
Gudny Stella Gudnadottir, Karl Andersen, Inga Sigurros Thrainsdottir, Stefan Karl James, Bo Lagerqvist, Thorarinn Gudnason
BACKGROUND: The objective was to investigate whether gender disparities are found in referrals of patients with acute coronary syndromes to percutaneous coronary interventions (PCIs) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) and, furthermore, to study gender differences in complications and mortality. METHODS: All consecutive coronary angiographies (CAs) and PCIs performed in Sweden and Iceland are prospectively registered in the Swedish Coronary Angiography and Angioplasty Registry...
September 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881078/the-effects-of-nurse-led-clinical-pathway-in-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-quasi-experimental-study
#8
Ayda Kebapçı, Nevin Kanan
AIMS AND OBJECTIVE: Develop and evaluate the effects of a nurse-led clinical pathway (CP) for patients undergoing CABG (Coronary Artery Bypass Graft Surgery). BACKGROUND: A CP is a multidisciplinary care plan, based on evidence and guidelines to provide consistent, quality care to patients and improve outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective, quasi-experimental design. METHODS: Patients hospitalized for CABG between April 2014 and November 2015 in a hospital in Turkey were studied...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881069/person-centred-discharge-education-following-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-a-critical-review
#9
Melanie Rushton, Michelle Howarth, Maria J Grant, Felicity Astin
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: This critical review examines the extent that individualised education helps reduce depression, anxiety and improves self-care for people who've undergone Coronary Artery Bypass Graft surgery (CABG). BACKGROUND: Individualised discharge planning is increasingly important following cardiac surgery due to recurrent admissions as well as the issue of anxiety and depression, often due to lack of preparation. The hospital to home transition is fundamental in the recovery process...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867682/surgical-outcomes-of-isolated-coronary-artery-bypass-grafting-for-acute-coronary-syndrome%C3%A3-based-on-the-japan-adult-cardiovascular-surgery-database
#10
Shunsuke Kawamoto, Hiroaki Miyata, Noboru Motomura, Kazuo Tanemoto, Shinichi Takamoto, Yoshikatsu Saiki
BACKGROUND: The present study aimed to clarify the current use and outcomes of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) for acute coronary syndrome (ACS) based on the Japan Adult Cardiovascular Surgery Database (JACVSD) in stratified risk categories, and also to provide guidance on selection of optimal surgical strategies for ACS.Methods and Results:From January 2008 through December 2012, 7,867 isolated CABG procedures for ACS were identifiedfrom the JACVSD. Patients were stratified into 3 subgroups (<2%, 2-9...
September 1, 2017: Circulation Journal: Official Journal of the Japanese Circulation Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865843/activation-and-inflammation-of-the-venous-endothelium-in-vein-graft-disease
#11
REVIEW
Alexander O Ward, Massimo Caputo, Gianni D Angelini, Sarah J George, Mustafa Zakkar
The long saphenous vein is the most commonly used conduit in coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery when bypassing multiple diseased arteries; however, its use is complicated by the development of vascular inflammation, intimal hyperplasia and accelerated atherosclerosis leading to compromised graft efficacy. Despite refinement of surgical techniques to improve graft patency, late vein graft failure remains a significant problem. Moreover, there is a lack of pharmacological interventions proven to be effective in the treatment of late vein graft failure...
August 24, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865456/the-effect-of-preoperative-liver-dysfunction-on-cardiac-surgery-outcomes
#12
Luiz Araujo, Viktor Dombrovskiy, Wali Kamran, Ashleigh Lemaire, Antonio Chiricolo, Leonard Y Lee, Anthony Lemaire
BACKGROUND: To determine the impact of preoperative Liver Dysfunction (LD) on outcomes after elective Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting (CABG) and Valvular surgery (VS). METHODS: The Nationwide Inpatient Sample (2002-2010) was queried to identify patients with LD who had elective CABG or VS utilizing ICD-9-CM diagnosis and procedure codes. These patients were matched with the similar patients without LD (controls) by propensity score matching. Chi-square and Wilcoxon rank sum tests were used for analysis...
September 2, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855432/prospective-study-on-the-incidence-of-cerebrovascular-disease-after-coronary-angiography
#13
Akihiro Tokushige, Masaaki Miyata, Takeshi Sonoda, Ippei Kosedo, Daisuke Kanda, Takuro Takumi, Yuichi Kumagae, Yoshihiko Fukukura, Mitsuru Ohishi
AIM: Previous studies have reported a 10.2%-22% rate of silent cerebral infarction and a 0.1%-1% rate of symptomatic cerebral infarction after coronary angiography (CAG). However, the risk factors of cerebral infarction after CAG have not been fully elucidated. For this reason, we investigated the incidence and risk factors of CVD complications within 48 h after CAG using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (Diffusion-weighted MRI) at Kagoshima University Hospital. METHODS: From September 2013 to April 2015, we examined the incidence and risk factors, including procedural data and patients characteristics, of cerebrovascular disease after CAG in consecutive 61 patients who underwent CAG and MRI in our hospital...
August 30, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838589/early-mobilization-reduces-the-atelectasis-and-pleural-effusion-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-artery-bypass-graft-surgery-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#14
Seyed Tayeb Moradian, Mohammad Najafloo, Hosein Mahmoudi, Mohammad Saeid Ghiasi
Atelectasis and pleural effusion are common after coronary artery bypass graft surgery (CABG). Longer stay in the bed is one of the most important contributing factors in pulmonary complications. Some studies confirm the benefits of early mobilization (EM) in critically ill patients, but the efficacy of EM on pulmonary complications after CABG is not clear. This study was designed to examine the effect of EM on the incidence of atelectasis and pleural effusion in patients undergoing CABG. In a single-blinded randomized clinical trial, 100 patients who were undergoing coronary artery bypass graft surgery were randomly assigned into two groups each consisted of 50 patients...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Nursing: Official Publication of the Society for Peripheral Vascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806769/effects-of-statin-therapy-on-clinical-outcomes-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-patients-with-advanced-renal-dysfunction-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#15
Jin Sug Kim, Weon Kim, Ji Yoon Park, Jong Shin Woo, Tae Won Lee, Chun Gyoo Ihm, Yang Gyun Kim, Ju-Young Moon, Sang Ho Lee, Myung Ho Jeong, Kyung Hwan Jeong
OBJECTIVE: Lipid lowering therapy is widely used for the prevention of cardiovascular complications after acute myocardial infarction (AMI). However, some studies show that this benefit is uncertain in patients with renal dysfunction, and the role of statins is based on the severity of renal dysfunction. In this study, we investigated the impact of statin therapy on major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) and all-cause mortality in patients with advanced renal dysfunction undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) after AMI...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804239/iatrogenic-great-cardiac-vein-anastomosis-during-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery
#16
Alireza Bagherli, Hilary Bews, Minh Vo, John Ducas, Davinder S Jassal, Amir Ravandi
Inadvertent anastomosis of the left internal mammary artery (LIMA) or a saphenous vein graft (SVG) to the great cardiac vein (GCV) is a rare complication of coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). We present two cases with a LIMA to GCV and a SVG to GCV anastomosis, respectively, resulting in angina and dyspnea in the postoperative state. As an alternative to repeat CABG, both patients underwent percutaneous coronary intervention with percutaneous coil embolization or implantation of an Amplatzer vascular plug within the bypass graft to GCV conduit...
September 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804232/acute-beneficial-effects-of-muscular-counterpulsation-in-patients-with-coronary-heart-diseases
#17
Larry V Lapanashvili, Michael D Alshibaya, Julia Veselova, Leo A Bockeria
This prospective pilot study was designed to investigate the acute hemodynamic effects and clinical applicability of muscular counterpulsation (MCP), a one-shot procedure for biomechanical circulatory support. The study included 17 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and impaired ejection fraction (EF ≤45%) who underwent elective coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Patients were divided into control ( n  = 7) and treatment ( n  = 10) groups. MCP was applied through adhesive skin electrodes to the thighs and calves with a battery-powered, portable, ECG-triggered device for 15 minutes prior to general anesthesia...
September 2017: International Journal of Angiology: Official Publication of the International College of Angiology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800866/five-year-trends-of-critical-care-practice-and-outcomes
#18
Craig M Lilly, Sunil Swami, Xinggang Liu, Richard R Riker, Omar Badawi
BACKGROUND: Longitudinal analyses of large, detailed adult critical care datasets provide insights into practice trends and generate useful outcome and process benchmarks. METHODS: Data representing 991,571 consecutive critical care visits to 160 US adult ICUs from 2009 to 2013 from the eICU Research Institute clinical practice database were used to quantitate patient characteristics, APACHE IV-based acuity predictions, treatments, and outcomes. Analyses for changes over time were performed for patient characteristics, entry and discharge locations, primary admission diagnosis, treatments, adherence to consensus ICU best practices, length of stay (LOS), and inpatient mortality...
August 8, 2017: Chest
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795891/experience-using-closed-incision-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-in-sternotomy-patients
#19
B Philip, P McCluskey, J Hinchion
OBJECTIVE: Postoperative delayed wound healing, surgical site infections (SSIs), and other wound complications are associated with increased morbidity and health-care costs. In cardiothoracic surgery, wound complications can have life-threatening consequences. In recent years, negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT) has been applied over closed surgical incisions to help reduce tension and protect from external contamination. We report our initial experiences using a closed incision negative pressure therapy (ciNPT) over clean, closed sternotomy incisions at an Irish tertiary referral centre...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762930/-the-complex-program-of-rehabilitation-of-patients-with-ischemic-heart-disease-after-coronary-artery-bypass-surgery-in-ambulatory-cardiorehabilitational-department-clinical-effects-of-third-stage-of-rehabilitation
#20
D M Aronov, M G Bubnova, D G Ioseliani, V B Krasnitsky, T V Shovkun, N K Novikova, E V Yarnykh
PURPOSE: to assess clinical efficacy of early post discharge rehabilitation of patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in conditions of a polyclinical department of cardiological rehabilitation (stage III of cardiorehabilitation). MATERIAL AND METHODS: We included in this study 36 men with IHD in 3-8 weeks (mean 7.8+/-1.6 weeks) after CABG. Patients were randomized in 2groups: patients of the main group attended special "School for patients recovering after CABG" [School] (60-80 min sessions once a week for 5 weeks) and participated in a program of monitored (up to 60 min 3 times a week for 4 months) and unmonitored (home based) exercise training...
March 2017: Kardiologiia
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