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Ventilation-tube

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161200/early-placement-of-ventilation-tubes-in-infants-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-a-systematic-review
#1
Mark Felton, Jong Wook Lee, Darius D Balumuka, Jugpal S Arneja, Neil K Chadha
Objective Studies have shown that the majority of cleft lip and palate (CLP) children have middle ear fluid present at the time of lip repair (3-4 months). Despite hearing loss, the majority of children do not undergo ventilation tube treatment if required until the time of palate repair (9-12 months). We aimed to examine the effectiveness and potential complications of early ventilation tube placement prior to palatoplasty in infants with cleft lip and palate. Data Sources Medline (1946-2015), Embase (1980-2015), and EBM Reviews (Cochrane Central Register of Controlled)...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988664/epidemiology-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-non-typeable-haemophilus-influenzae-in-otitis-media-in-taiwanese-children
#2
Ying-Chun Cho, Nan-Chang Chiu, Fu-Yuan Huang, Daniel Tsung-Ning Huang, Lung Chang, Ching-Ying Huang, Yen-Hsin Kung, Kuo-Sheng Lee, Hsin Chi
BACKGROUND: Concerns about non-typeable Haemophilus influenzae (NTHi) in otitis media (OM) have grown after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV). We aim to better understand the clinical role of NTHi in pediatric OM. METHODS: Middle ear fluid samples from children <18 years with OM were obtained from 2010 to 2015. For culture-positive episodes (Streptococcus pneumoniae, H. influenzae, Moraxella catarrhalis, and Streptococcus pyogenes), patients' demographic and clinical information were reviewed and analyzed...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984803/long-term-complications-and-surgical-failures-after-ossiculoplasty
#3
Matthew D Cox, Joshua Cody Page, Aaron Trinidade, John L Dornhoffer
OBJECTIVE: To study long-term complications after ossiculoplasty. STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review. SETTING: Tertiary care referral center otology practice. PATIENTS: One hundred ninety-five patients (18-88 yr of age) undergoing ossiculoplasty with tympanoplasty or tympanomastoidectomy using cartilage tympanic membrane grafts, retrograde mastoidectomy with canal wall reconstruction, or mastoid obliteration techniques between July 1998 and July 2012...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964286/the-expression-and-correlation-of-hsp-70-and-hsp-27-in-serous-middle-ear-effusion-fluids-of-pediatric-patients-a-preliminary-study
#4
Hyun Jin Min, Ji Won Choe, Moon Young Chang, Kyung Soo Kim, Sei Young Lee, Seog-Kyun Mun
OBJECTIVES: Several cytokines and innate immune-associated molecules are present in middle ear effusions, but damage-associated molecular patterns (DAMPs) in middle ear effusion have not been studied. Therefore, we evaluated the role of heat shock proteins (Hsps) in the development of otitis media with effusion (OME). METHODS: Serous middle ear effusions from 22 pediatric patients who were diagnosed with OME and underwent ventilation tube insertion from June 2015 to March 2017 were evaluated in our study...
October 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928078/a-nationwide-study-on-the-impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccination-on-antibiotic-use-and-ventilation-tube-insertion-in-denmark-2000-2014
#5
Michael Frantz Howitz, Zitta Barrella Harboe, Helene Ingels, Palle Valentiner-Branth, Kåre Mølbak, Bjarki Ditlev Djurhuus
Introduction of Pneumococcal Conjugated Vaccines (PCV) in national immunization programs have been successful in reducing the number of invasive and lower respiratory pneumococcal infections. The impact of the vaccines on upper respiratory infections caused by pneumococci is less clear although these account for most pneumococcal infections. In this study, we used likely proxies for respiratory infections in children, such as antibiotic use and ventilation tube insertions (VTI), to estimate the impact of the vaccine on a national level...
September 16, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28840012/extracorporeal-support-in-airway-surgery
#6
REVIEW
Konrad Hoetzenecker, Walter Klepetko, Shaf Keshavjee, Marcelo Cypel
Extracorporeal life support (ECLS) is increasingly used for major airway surgery. It facilitates complex reconstructions and maintains gas exchange during endoscopic procedures in patients with critical airway obstruction. ECLS offers the advantage of an uncluttered surgical field and eliminates the need for crossing ventilation tubes, thus, making precise surgical dissection easier. ECLS is currently used for hemodynamic and respiratory support in lung transplantation as well as extended tumor resections with an acceptable risk profile...
July 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808766/water-penetration-of-grommets-an-in-vitro-study
#7
Yousef Ibrahim, Paul Fram, Gavin Hughes, Pete Phillips, David Owens
The insertion of grommets has been one of the most common procedures carried out by ENT surgeons for patients with persistent middle ear fluid. There has always been apprehension at the use of grommets by patients undertaking swimming or other water sports due to concerns of grommet penetration by water into the middle ear. Despite this, no common consensus exists amongst otolaryngologists regarding post-operative advice following grommet insertion. Most studies focus on surface swimming and do not consider other activities such as diving that patients may undertake...
August 14, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774486/histopathology-of-tympanic-membranes-from-patients-with-ventilation-tubes
#8
Mehmet Faruk Oktay, Hasan Deniz Tansuker, Hisaki Fukushima, Michael M Paparella, Patricia A Schachern, Sebahattin Cureoglu
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the histopathologic changes in tympanic membranes (TMs) with ventilation tubes (VTs). METHODS: In this retrospective human temporal bone study our overall study group included 4 subgroups of TMs from deceased donors as follows: 24 with a history of VT insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion (COME-VT); 5 with a history of VT insertion for Meniere's disease (MD-VT); 33 without a history of VT insertion for chronic otitis media with effusion (COME); and 14 without a history of VT insertion for Meniere's disease (MD)...
July 31, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756495/percutaneous-dilatational-tracheostomy-using-the-etview-tracheoscopic-ventilation-tube-%C3%A2-a-teaching-course-in-a-pig-model
#9
Alfonso Fiorelli, Fausto Ferraro, Elisabetta Frongillo, Pierluigi Fusco, Matteo Pierdiluca, Francesca Nagar, Angela Iuorio, Mario Santini
OBJECTIVE: We planned a training course for trainees of different specialties with the aim of teaching the skills of a new procedure for performing percutaneous dilatational tracheostomy (PDT) with an ETView tracheoscopic ventilation tube instead of standard bronchoscopy in an ex vivo pig model. METHODS: The endotracheal tube, with a camera-embedded tip, was used as an alternative to standard bronchoscopy for visualization of patient airways. The procedure was performed on a home-made animal model...
October 2017: Journal of Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756095/surgical-considerations-and-safety-of-cochlear-implantation-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#10
Rasit Cevizci, Alper Dilci, Fatih Celenk, Recep Karamert, Yildirim Bayazit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of otitis media with effusion on surgical parameters, patient safety, perioperative and postoperative complications. METHODS: Total 890 children who underwent cochlear implantation between 2006 and 2015 were included. The ages ranged from 12 months to 63 months (mean: 32 months). The patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of otitis media with effusion; otitis media with effusion group and non-otitis media group...
July 26, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688562/decisional-regret-following-ventilation-tube-insertion
#11
Michele M Carr, Jillian Printz, Shreya Thakur
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to see if parental regret following ventilation tube (VT) insertion was related to non-resolution of ear infections and thus ongoing need for otolaryngological care and VT reinsertion. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All consecutive parents presenting with children who had VT in place were given a validated regret survey and asked the reason for their visit. Chart review was used for medical history. RESULTS: Two hundred and ten respondents were included...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657970/trends-in-otitis-media-incidence-after-conjugate-pneumococcal-vaccination-a-national-observational-study
#12
Marie Gisselsson-Solen
BACKGROUND: Pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV) was introduced in 2000. The first 7-valent vaccine (PCV7) was followed by a 13-valent vaccine (PCV13) with the same conjugate, and a 10-valent vaccine (PCV10), conjugated to protein D from Haemophilus influenzae. The vaccines offer some protection against pneumococcal acute otitis media (AOM), and, with PCV10, possibly also some protection against H. influenzae AOM. PCV7 was introduced in Sweden in 2009, but from 2010, Swedish counties were free to use either PCV13 or PCV10...
November 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653270/revision-adenoidectomy-in-children-a-population-based-cohort-study-in-taiwan
#13
Chia-Hsuan Lee, Wei-Hsiu Chang, Jenq-Yuh Ko, Te-Huei Yeh, Wei-Chung Hsu, Kun-Tai Kang
There is a lack of population-level analysis of revision adenoidectomy in children. This study reveals the revision rates and factors associated with paediatric revision adenoidectomy in Taiwan. From the Taiwan National Health Insurance Research Database, we identified all in-hospital children (age <18 years) who underwent adenoidectomy between 2000 and 2007. All children had received at least 5 years of follow-up from the index date, and the clinical records until 2012 were examined. Factors affecting the paediatric revision adenoidectomy were analysed using the multivariable Cox proportional hazards model...
June 26, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625810/evaluating-the-ototoxicity-of-an-anti-mrsa-peptide-kr-12-a2
#14
Chung Man Sung, Hong Chan Kim, Yong Beom Cho, Song Yub Shin, Chul Ho Jang
INTRODUCTION: Methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus is an emerging problem for the treatment of chronic suppurative otitis media, and also for pediatric tympanostomy tube otorrhea. To date, there are no effective topical antibiotic drugs to treat methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus otorrhea. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the ototoxicity of topical KR-12-a2 solution on the cochlea when it is applied topically in the middle ear of guinea pigs...
May 31, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586587/laser-myringotomy-versus-ventilation-tubes-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#15
Mohammad Yousaf, Suhail Ahmad Malik, Tahir Haroon
BACKGROUND: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a leading cause of difficulty in hearing in paediatric population. Otitis media with effusion must be detected and managed early to prevent conductive hearing loss in children. It was aimed to compare results of laser myringotomy and ventilation tube insertion, in terms of hearing improvement and recurrence of Middle ear effusion (MEE). METHODS: This randomized controlled trial was conducted from February 2012 to January 2015...
October 2016: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540514/the-effectiveness-of-myringotomy-and-ventilation-tube-insertion-versus-observation-in-post-radiation-otitis-media-with-effusion
#16
Paninee Charusripan, Likhit Khattiyawittayakun
To compare the effectiveness of myringotomy and ventilation tube insertion versus observation in post-radiation otitis media with effusion (OME) in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). NPC patients who finished radiotherapy and had persistent OME were randomized to myringotomy and ventilation tube insertion and observation groups. The resolution rate of OME and hearing outcomes were evaluated. Forty three patients (23 in control group and 20 in intervention group) were analyzed. One patient in the control group obtained a resolution of OME...
September 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522133/does-calcemia-influence-the-onset-of-myringosclerosis-after-myringotomy-with-the-insertion-of-ventilation-tubes
#17
Carla Branco, João Paço
INTRODUCTION: Myringosclerosis is one of the most frequent late complications of the insertion of ventilation tubes, and its aetiopathogenesis remains unknown. The calcification that occurs in the formation of myringosclerosis plaque raises the hypothesis of the presence of a calcium metabolism disorder. The objective is to determine whether calcemia contributes to the development of myringoscelerosis after insertion of ventilation tubes. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A longitudinal, prospective, analytical cohort study was conducted in patients undergoing myringotomy with the insertion of ventilation tubes due to otitis media with effusion...
May 15, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514787/delayed-effect-of-active-pressure-treatment-on-endolymphatic-hydrops
#18
Edoardo Covelli, Luigi Volpini, Francesca Atturo, Anna Teresa Benincasa, Chiara Filippi, Silvia Tarentini, Vania Marrone, Simonetta Monini, Annarita Vestri, Maurizio Barbara
OBJECTIVE: To identify eventual correlations between the effect of low-pressure treatment and endolymphatic hydrops in Ménière patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study group consisted of subjects affected by definite Ménière disease (2015) and a severe degree of disability, who received a ventilation tube with or without a low-pressure treatment before undergoing a surgical procedure (vestibular neurectomy). After the placement of the ventilation tube, the subjects were either left alone with the tube or received 1 month of self-administered low-pressure therapy with a portable device...
2017: Audiology & Neuro-otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483218/hearing-thresholds-and-ventilation-tube-treatment-in-children-with-unilateral-cleft-lip-and-palate
#19
Birgitta Tengroth, Christina Hederstierna, Erik Neovius, Traci Flynn
OBJECTIVE: Children with cleft lip and palate have a high prevalence of otitis media with effusion (OME) which is often associated with a fluctuating, conductive hearing loss in the low and mid-frequencies and a risk for permanent hearing loss in the higher frequencies. Although common, there is no consensus on the treatment of OME with ventilation tubes. The aim of this study is to document if the risk for permanent hearing loss and acquired cholesteatoma increases due to treatment with ventilation tubes (VT treatments) during childhood in a group of children with cleft lip and palate...
June 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468206/the-predictive-value-of-neutrophil-lymphocyte-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-for-the-effusion-viscosity-in-otitis-media-with-chronic-effusion
#20
Mustafa Suphi Elbistanli, Hasan Emre Koçak, Harun Acipayam, Ayşe Pelin Yiğider, Mehmet Keskin, Fatma Tülin Kayhan
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the authors' study was to investigate the predictive value of the neutrophil-lymphocyte rate (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte rate (PLR) in otitis media with effusion and the correlation of the effusion type with these ratios. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case-control study. METHODS: One hundred twenty-six pediatric patients diagnosed otitis media with chronic effusion and had ventilation tube inserted between October 2015 and July 2016 were included in the study group and 124 healthy children, who applied for the routine examination and had blood count analysis, were included in the control group...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
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