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rehabilitation medicine

Prem N Ramkumar, Ton La, Evan Fisch, Peter D Fabricant, Alexander E White, Kristofer J Jones, Samuel A Taylor
PURPOSE: The purpose of this observational study of social media in sports medicine was to investigate and analyze the presence and shared content of anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) patients, sports surgeons, and top orthopaedic hospitals on popular social media streams. METHODS: A search of 2 public domains (Instagram and Twitter) was performed over a 6-month period. ACL surgery ("#aclsurgery") was selected for the Instagram-based patient analysis after exclusion of veterinary ACL operations...
October 19, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Landon W Trost, Ricardo Munarriz, Run Wang, Allen Morey, Laurence Levine
INTRODUCTION: The field of sexual medicine is continuously advancing, with novel outcomes reported on a regular basis. Given the rapid evolution, updated guidelines are essential to inform practicing clinicians on best practices. AIM: To summarize the current literature and provide clinical guidelines on penile traction therapy, vacuum erection devices, and penile revascularization. METHODS: A consensus panel was held with leading sexual medicine experts during the 2015 International Consultation on Sexual Medicine (ICSM)...
November 2016: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Özlem Taşoğlu, Engin Koyuncu, Rabia Daylak, Derya Yumuşak Karacif, Zerrin I Nce, Didem Yenigün, Neşe Özgirgin
OBJECTIVE: To define the demographic and clinical characteristics of persons with spinal cord injury, rehabilitated in a primary referral rehabilitation center in Turkey. DESIGN: Retrospective study. SETTING: Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey Methods: Medical records of all patients with spinal cord injury (acute-subacute-chronic) at a single academic referral center over the course of one year were reviewed...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Agnieszka Obrębska-Stefaniak, Robert Irzmański, Joanna Kapusta, Tomasz Grycewicz, Jan Kowalski
: Recently, in the prognostic assessment of ACS patients attention has been paid to hyperglycemia, leukocytosis, decreased GFR, anemia and thrombocytopenia as they are believed to worsen the prognosis. AIM: The aim of this study was to evaluate the results of basic laboratory blood tests in predicting the failure of in-hospital cardiac rehabilitation in post-STEMI patients - using an index of own design. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 100 post-STEMI patients, 70 men and 30 women, aged 60,1±10,3 years, admitted for cardiac rehabilitation (phase II) to the Department of Internal Medicine and Cardiac Rehabilitation, WAM University Hospital in Lodz...
September 29, 2016: Polski Merkuriusz Lekarski: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
Shannon Jordan, Justin Karcher, Rebecca Rogers, Kathleen Kennedy, Anne Lawrence, Jenny Adams
PURPOSE: Updated cardiac rehabilitation (CR) and return-to-work guidelines from the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) now include specificity of training for industrial athletes (exercise training that involves the muscle groups, movements, and energy systems that these patients use during occupational tasks). However, many CR facilities do not apply this principle, relying instead on the traditional protocol that consists primarily of aerobic exercise. This study was conducted to measure the metabolic cost of typical farming tasks and to compare 2 methods of calculating training intensities...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
John F Ditunno, M Elizabeth Sandel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 13, 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
F Babany, S Hamdoun, P Denys, G Amarenco
: Sexual disorders are common after neurological diseases. The reconstruction of sexuality is a major issue after neurologic disability. Why is this topic not covered in rehabilitation medicine except specialized service? The aim of this pilot study was to assess the perception of the healthcare professionals (HCPs) and to understand why this topic was not addressed. We conducted a pilot, observational, monocentric study from February to March 2016 in HCPs from a neurologic rehabilitation hospital unit...
October 13, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Derya Memis, Erkan Kozanoglu, Bayram Kelle, Mustafa K Goncu
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effects of demographic and clinical characteristics on mobility, disability, and activities of daily life of patients with stroke. METHODS: This cross-sectional clinical study was performed in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation in Cukurova University Faculty of Medicine in Adana, Turkey, between February 2011 and December 2011. The study included 126 patients with stroke. The Brunnstrom recovery scale (BRS), functional ambulation classification scale (FACS), modified Barthel index (MBI), modified Rankin scale (MRS), and Rivermead mobility index (RMI) were used in the evaluation of the functional status of stroke patients...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Vildan Binay Safer, Sibel Ozbudak Demir, Esma Ozkan, Fulya Demircioglu Guneri
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate botulinum toxin serotype A (BoNT-A) effects on sleep problems in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and on mothers` sleep quality and depression at multiple time points. METHODS: This is a single center, cross sectional, and observational study was conducted to assess children with CP who were admitted. We recruited children with CP who were admitted to Ministry of Health Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey between September 2012 and April 2014 for the BoNT-A injection for lower limb spasticity...
October 2016: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
Michael W Collins, Anthony P Kontos, David O Okonkwo, Jon Almquist, Julian Bailes, Mark Barisa, Jeffrey Bazarian, O Josh Bloom, David Brody, Robert Cantu, Javier Cardenas, Jay Clugston, Randall Cohen, Ruben Echemendia, R J Elbin, Richard Ellenbogen, Janna Fonseca, Gerard Gioia, Kevin Guskiewicz, Robert Heyer, Gillian Hotz, Grant L Iverson, Barry Jordan, Geoffrey Manley, Joseph Maroon, Thomas McAllister, Michael McCrea, Anne Mucha, Elizabeth Pieroth, Kenneth Podell, Matthew Pombo, Teena Shetty, Allen Sills, Gary Solomon, Danny G Thomas, Tamara C Valovich McLeod, Tony Yates, Ross Zafonte
BACKGROUND: Conventional management for concussion involves prescribed rest and progressive return to activity. Recent evidence challenges this notion and suggests that active approaches may be effective for some patients. Previous concussion consensus statements provide limited guidance regarding active treatment. OBJECTIVE: To describe the current landscape of treatment for concussion and to provide summary agreements related to treatment to assist clinicians in the treatment of concussion...
October 12, 2016: Neurosurgery
Engin Koyuncu, Güldal Funda Nakipoğlu Yüzer, Didem Yenigün, Neşe Özgirgin
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective study. OBJECTIVES: The purposes of this investigation were to evaluate the serum lipid profile among a broad sample of patients with spinal cord injury (SCI), examining the impact of disease duration, lesion level, lesion grade and functional activity level on serum lipid levels of patients with SCI. SETTING: Ankara Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Training and Research Hospital, Turkey. METHODS: Serum lipid profiles of 269 participants with SCI were analyzed and correlated to disease duration, lesion level, lesion grade and ambulation status...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Mohammed H Iqbal, Abdullatif Aydin, Oliver Brunckhorst, Prokar Dasgupta, Kamran Ahmed
With rapid advances in technology, wearable devices have evolved and been adopted for various uses, ranging from simple devices used in aiding fitness to more complex devices used in assisting surgery. Wearable technology is broadly divided into head-mounted displays and body sensors. A broad search of the current literature revealed a total of 13 different body sensors and 11 head-mounted display devices. The latter have been reported for use in surgery (n = 7), imaging (n = 3), simulation and education (n = 2) and as navigation tools (n = 1)...
October 2016: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Jae-Young Han, Jae-Hong Kim, Ju-Hyung Park, Min-Yeong Song, Min-Keun Song, Dong-Joo Kim, Young-Nim You, Gwang-Cheon Park, Jin-Bong Choi, Myung-Rae Cho, Jeong-Cheol Shin, Ji-Hyun Cho
BACKGROUND: Scalp acupuncture (SA) and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) are effective for treating cerebral infarction. This study aims to examine the efficacy and safety of SA and electromagnetic convergence stimulation (SAEM-CS), which was developed through collaboration between conventional medical physicians and doctors who practice traditional Korean medicine. SAEM-CS was designed to improve function in patients with cerebral infarction, compared to the improvement after conventional stroke rehabilitation, SA, and rTMS therapeutic approaches...
October 11, 2016: Trials
Michal Elboim-Gabyzon, Osnat Atun-Einy, Insaf Khoury-Assaf
PURPOSE: To review the literature on the existent evidence considering the use of power wheel chair (PWC) for children with DMD who can still walk independently. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted through nine databases by the three authors independently. Both quantitative and qualitative research designs were considered for inclusion. Studies were included only if the study population consisted of ambulatory children diagnosed with DMD. Data extraction was on participant characteristics, level of walking and on outcomes in term of impairment, function and participation domains (ICF, World Health Organization, 2001) in accordance to a structured diagram by the three authors independently...
October 9, 2016: Disability and Rehabilitation
Inés Sánchez-Sellero, Andrés Soto-Varela
OBJECTIVE: The therapeutic use of ototoxic drugs is relatively common, particularly in patients with severe diseases. It is likely that disturbances of balance in these patients are underestimated by clinicians. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The purpose of this study was to identify drugs involved in the vestibulotoxic origin of instability in a group of 18 patients. RESULTS: Six patients showed both cochlear and vestibular damage, while 12 were affected only by posterior labyrinthine damage...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
Megan Delisle, Ruby Grymonpre, Rebecca Whitley, Debrah Wirtzfeld
Clinical errors due to human mistakes are estimated to result in 400,000 preventable deaths per year. Strategies to improve patient safety often rely on healthcare workers' ability to speak up with concerns. This becomes difficult during critical decision-making as a result of conflicting opinions and power differentials, themes underrepresented in many interprofessional initiatives. These elements are prominent in our interprofessional initiative, namely Crucial Conversations. We sought to evaluate this initiative as an interprofessional learning (IPL) opportunity for pre-licensure senior healthcare students, as a way to foster interprofessional collaboration, and as a method of empowering students to vocalise their concerns...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Interprofessional Care
Chunping Du, Jiadan Yu, Jiaqi Zhang, Jiaojiao Jiang, Huabin Lai, Wei Liu, Yang Liu, Hao Li, Pu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate relevant aspects of functioning and disability, and environmental factors in people with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis according to patients' self-reports based on the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health for Children and Youth (ICF-CY). DESIGN: Multicentre, empirical, cross-sectional study. SETTING: Four departments of orthopaedics in 4 hospitals, and 5 departments of rehabilitation medicine in 5 hospitals...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
Carl J Lavie, Arthur R Menezes, Alban De Schutter, Richard V Milani, James A Blumenthal
The role of psychological risk factors has been under-recognized in most subspecialties of medicine, as well as in general medicine practices. However, considerable evidence indicates that psychosocial factors are involved in the pathogenesis and progression of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Emerging data from cardiac rehabilitation (CR) settings and CR exercise training (CRET) programs have demonstrated the value of comprehensive CRET to improve psychological functioning and reduce all-cause mortality. Recent evidence also supports the role of CRET and the added value of stress management training in the secondary prevention of CVD...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Ian L Valerio, Jennifer M Sabino, Christopher L Dearth
Background: A large volume of service members have sustained complex injuries during Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Enduring Freedom (OEF). These injuries are complicated by contamination with particulate and foreign materials, have high rates of bacterial and/or fungal infections, are often composite-type defects with massive soft tissue wounds, and usually have multisystem involvement. While traditional treatment modalities remain a mainstay for optimal wound care, traditional reconstruction approaches alone may be inadequate to fully address the scope and magnitude of such massive complex wounds...
September 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
Jennifer M Sabino, Julia Slater, Ian L Valerio
Scope and Significance: Reconstruction of traumatic injuries requiring tissue transfer begins with aggressive resuscitation and stabilization. Systematic advances in acute casualty care at the point of injury have improved survival and allowed for increasingly complex treatment before definitive reconstruction at tertiary medical facilities outside the combat zone. As a result, the complexity of the limb salvage algorithm has increased over 14 years of combat activities in Iraq and Afghanistan. Problem: Severe poly-extremity trauma in combat casualties has led to a large number of extremity salvage cases...
September 1, 2016: Advances in Wound Care
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