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rehabilitation medicine

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937044/priming-of-the-cells-hypoxic-preconditioning-for-stem-cell-therapy
#1
REVIEW
Zheng Z Wei, Yan-Bing Zhu, James Y Zhang, Myles R McCrary, Song Wang, Yong-Bo Zhang, Shan-Ping Yu, Ling Wei
OBJECTIVE: Stem cell-based therapies are promising in regenerative medicine for protecting and repairing damaged brain tissues after injury or in the context of chronic diseases. Hypoxia can induce physiological and pathological responses. A hypoxic insult might act as a double-edged sword, it induces cell death and brain damage, but on the other hand, sublethal hypoxia can trigger an adaptation response called hypoxic preconditioning or hypoxic tolerance that is of immense importance for the survival of cells and tissues...
October 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933605/early-active-rehabilitation-after-arthroscopic-rotator-cuff-repair-a-prospective-randomized-pilot-study
#2
Rudolf Raschhofer, Nikos Poulios, Wolfgang Schimetta, Rüdiger Kisling, Christian Mittermaier
OBJECTIVE: To compare two different rehabilitation strategies, primary passive motion versus early isometric loading of the rotator cuff. DESIGN: Prospective randomized controlled observer-blinded pilot study. SETTING: Institute of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. SUBJECTS: Thirty patients after rotator cuff surgery. INTERVENTION: All participants were randomly assigned to one of the two outpatient treatment groups: primary passive motion versus early isometric loading of the rotator cuff...
October 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929311/tbi-rehabilomics-research-an-exemplar-of-a-biomarker-based-approach-to-precision-care-for-populations-with-disability
#3
REVIEW
Amy K Wagner
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize how "-omics" technologies can inform rehabilitation-relevant outcomes for a range of populations with neurologically related disability by including outcome metrics linked to the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health (WHO-ICF) domains of impairments in body function, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. RECENT FINDINGS: To date, nearly every area of medicine uses biomarkers in some capacity to aid in understanding how personal biology informs clinical care...
September 19, 2017: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28928190/interdisciplinary-model-of-care-radicals-for-early-detection-and-management-of-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-copd-in-australian-primary-care-study-protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Jenifer Liang, Michael J Abramson, Nicholas Zwar, Grant Russell, Anne E Holland, Billie Bonevski, Ajay Mahal, Benjamin van Hecke, Kirsten Phillips, Paula Eustace, Eldho Paul, Kate Petrie, Sally Wilson, Johnson George
INTRODUCTION: Up to half of all smokers develop clinically significant chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Gaps exist in the implementation and uptake of evidence-based guidelines for managing COPD in primary care. We describe the methodology of a cluster randomised controlled trial (cRCT) evaluating the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an interdisciplinary model of care aimed at reducing the burden of smoking and COPD in Australian primary care settings. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A cRCT is being undertaken to evaluate an interdisciplinary model of care (RADICALS - Review of Airway Dysfunction and Interdisciplinary Community-based care of Adult Long-term Smokers)...
September 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926480/postconcussive-symptoms-over-the-first-14-days-after-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-an-experience-sampling-study
#5
Maria Pacella, Arjun Prabhu, Julia Morley, Stephanie Huang, Brian Suffoletto
OBJECTIVE: This study examined changes in postconcussive symptoms (PCS) over the acute postinjury recovery period, focusing on how daily PCSs differ between mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) and other injury types. SETTING: An urban emergency department (ED) in Western Pennsylvania. SUBJECTS: A total of 108 adult patients with trauma being discharged from the ED were recruited and grouped by injury type: mild TBI (mTBI; n = 39), head injury without mTBI (HI: n = 16), and non-head-injured trauma controls (TCs: n = 53)...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925925/entrustable-professional-activities-for-residency-training-in-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation
#6
Michael Mallow, Heather Baer, Alex Moroz, Vu Q C Nguyen
Entrustable professional activities are observable units of professional practice that can potentially provide a link between competency-based medical education and clinical practice. The authors, part of a subcommittee of the Association of Academic Physiatrists Education Committee, identified a set of entrustable professional activities that would serve residency training programs in the specialty of physical medicine and rehabilitation. Using a modified Delphi process, residency program directors in the field reviewed and validated a set of entrustable professional activities...
October 2017: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924506/automated-classification-of-tropical-shrub-species-a-hybrid-of-leaf-shape-and-machine-learning-approach
#7
Miraemiliana Murat, Siow-Wee Chang, Arpah Abu, Hwa Jen Yap, Kien-Thai Yong
Plants play a crucial role in foodstuff, medicine, industry, and environmental protection. The skill of recognising plants is very important in some applications, including conservation of endangered species and rehabilitation of lands after mining activities. However, it is a difficult task to identify plant species because it requires specialized knowledge. Developing an automated classification system for plant species is necessary and valuable since it can help specialists as well as the public in identifying plant species easily...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914990/simulating-the-multi-disciplinary-care-team-approach-enhancing-student-understanding-of-anatomy-through-an-ultrasound-anchored-interprofessional-session
#8
Marianne T Luetmer, Beth A Cloud, James W Youdas, Wojciech Pawlina, Nirusha Lachman
Quality of healthcare delivery is dependent on collaboration between professional disciplines. Integrating opportunities for interprofessional learning in health science education programs prepares future clinicians to function as effective members of a multi-disciplinary care team. This study aimed to create a modified team-based learning (TBL) environment utilizing ultrasound technology during an interprofessional learning activity to enhance musculoskeletal anatomy knowledge of first year medical (MD) and physical therapy (PT) students...
September 15, 2017: Anatomical Sciences Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913116/evaluation-of-sleep-disorder-and-its-effect-on-sexual-dysfunction-in-patients-with-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#9
Tuba Tülay Koca, Günseli Karaca Acet, Emrullah Tanrıkut, Burcu Talu
OBJECTIVE: Sexual problems are commonly seen in women with fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS). The objective of this study was to reveal the relationship between the severity of symptoms, sleep disorder, and sexual dysfunction in women with FMS. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 140 sexually active women with FMS aged 17-67 years who presented to our physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic between January 2016 and June 2016 were enrolled in the study. The patients' age, height, body weight, body mass index (BMI), and general pain score [visual analogue scale, (VAS)] for the last 1 week were recorded...
December 2016: Turk J Obstet Gynecol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28901216/creatine-or-vitamin-d-supplementation-in-individuals-with-a-spinal-cord-injury-undergoing-resistance-training-a-double-blinded-randomized-pilot-trial
#10
Samuel Amorim, Vitor Hugo Teixeira, Rui Corredeira, Maria Cunha, Bruno Maia, Paulo Margalho, Joana Pires
Purpose Determine whether creatine or vitamin D supplementation improves muscle strength in individuals with spinal cord injury undergoing resistance training. Methods Thirteen male and one female with spinal cord injury, from two Portuguese rehabilitation centers, were randomized to creatine (3g daily), vitamin D (25000 IU each two weeks) or placebo group in a double-blind design. All participants performed progressive resistance training during eight weeks. The outcome measures, obtained at baseline and after intervention, included: Sum of four skinfolds; Corrected arm muscle area; Seated medicine ball throw; Handgrip strength with dynamometer; Manual wheelchair slalom test and one repetition maximum for Chest press, Triceps, Pec deck and Lat pulldown...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898146/book-reviews-ultrasound-edited-by-leslie-m-scoutt-ulrike-m-hamper-teresita-l-angtuaco-oxford-university-press-2017-price-%C3%A2-112-50-pp-696-isbn-978-0-19-998810-5-geriatric-rehabilitation-from-bedside-to-curbside-k-rao-poduri-crc-press-2017-price-%C3%A2-140-pp-678
#11
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895673/the-effect-of-interferential-current-therapy-on-patients-with-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-sham-controlled-study
#12
Tuba Nazligul, Pinar Akpinar, Ilknur Aktas, Feyza Unlu Ozkan, Hulya Cagliyan Hartevioglu
BACKGROUND: Although interferential current (IFC) is a common electrotherapeutic modality used to treat musculoskeletal pain, there is not any randomized controlled trial investigating its clinical efficacy in subacromial impingement syndrome (SAIS). AIM: Investigation of effectiveness of IFC treatment in patients with SAIS. DESIGN: Randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled study. SETTING: Physical medicine and rehabilitation outpatient clinic...
September 11, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890435/pain-control-in-thoracic-oncology
#13
Christine Peeters-Asdourian, Gilbert Massard, Paragi H Rana, Paul Van Houtte, Andrew P White, Bogdan Grigoriu, Dominique Lossignol, Mohammed Almalki, Jean Alexiou, Jean-Luc Engelholm, Jean-Paul Sculier
This review of pain management in lung cancer is based on the presentation of four cases of thoracic oncology patients with pain at various stages of their disease. The approach will be multidisciplinary, involving a thoracic oncologist, radiologist, thoracic and orthopaedic spine surgeon, radiation therapist, pain medicine specialist, and palliative care specialist. This multispecialty approach to the management of different painful presentations in thoracic oncology will demonstrate the complexity of each case and the improved patient outcomes which result from the involvement of different disciplines working in concert...
September 2017: European Respiratory Journal: Official Journal of the European Society for Clinical Respiratory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889982/retraction-notice-to-electrical-stimulation-for-hemiplegic-shoulder-function-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-15-randomized-controlled-trials-arch-phys-med-rehabil-97-2016-1588-94
#14
Ping Gu, Juan-Juan Ran
This article has been retracted: please see Elsevier Policy on Article Withdrawal (https://www.elsevier.com/about/our-business/policies/article-withdrawal). This article has been retracted at the request of the co-Editors-in-Chief. The article plagiarizes a paper that was published in BioMed Research International, Volume 2015 (2015), Article ID 729768, 14 pages, http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2015/729768. Nearly the entire introduction and sections of the methods, limitations and conclusions duplicate the BioMed Research International paper...
September 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889143/a-nonrandom-sample-of-55-sexual-abuse-cases-in-sivas
#15
Celal Butun, Ali Yildirim, Erdal Ozer, Eda Yilmaz, Seda Aybuke Sari
BACKGROUND Sexual abuse in childhood is a significant public health problem because of the destructive results both to the individual and to the community. The aim of this study was to examine the sociodemographic characteristics of children who were victims of sexual abuse, the relationship of the victim and abuser, and the findings of sexual abuse. MATERIAL AND METHODS An examination was made of the results of forensic medicine and psychiatric evaluations of child victims of sexual abuse. The sociodemographic characteristics of the cases and the characteristics of the incidents of sexual abuse were evaluated at the Forensic Medicine Department of Cumhuriyet University between 2013 and 2016...
September 10, 2017: Medical Science Monitor: International Medical Journal of Experimental and Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886494/the-elder-physical-abuse-reflected-in-judicial-authorities-in-eskisehir
#16
Kenan Karbeyaz, Adnan Çelikel
AIM: Elder abuse is a health and human rights problem that may occur among every race and ethnic group all around the world. This study aims at describing all cases of physical abuse of elderly which have been reported to, and investigated by Eskisehir - a western city of Turkey. METHODS: Physical abuse incidents above 65 years of age which were evaluated by the Eskisehir Council of Forensic Medicine for expert witness opinion during 5year period between 01.01.2010 and 12...
September 1, 2017: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884741/-the-nephroprotective-potential-of-peloid-therapy-used-for-the-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-pyelonephritis
#17
E I Slobodian, N N Kaladze, A L Govdaliuk, E I Kulik
This review article presents the data on the mechanism of action of peloid therapy from the perspective of its defibrosing effect, the structure and functions of the extracellular matrix under the normal and pathological conditions. In addition, role of this treatment modality in the progression of tubulointerstitial fibrosis which determines the severity and prognosis of chronic pyelonephritis is considered. The researchers are currently carry out the extensive studies aimed at the search of the methods for the primary and secondary prevention of chronic pyelonephritis...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884736/-the-application-of-low-frequency-ultrasound-for-the-comprehensive-treatment-and-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-chronic-endometritis
#18
Yu V Kovaleva
The incidence of chronic endometritis remains rather high despite considerable progress in reproductive medicine including the advent of the new methods for assisted reproduction; the pregnancy rate after the treatment of this condition is still unacceptably low. It implies the necessity of the careful preparation of endometrium for the implantation of the embryo especially in women with a history of unsuccessful outcomes of the IVF treatment. It calls for the development of the efficient therapeutic modalities for the management of chronic endometritis and restoration of the normal reproductive function; their introduction into the therapeutic algorithm remains equally relevant...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882775/premenstrual-dysphoric-disorder-in-a-patient-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-case-report
#19
Jaclyn Russell, Marisa Osorio
We present a case of a 17 year old female who developed premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) after sustaining a severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and review the diagnosis of PMDD. The patient developed symptoms of severe depression surrounding her menses months after sustaining severe TBI and was diagnosed with PMDD by a psychiatrist. She ultimately required antipsychotics for optimal symptom resolution. PMDD is a severe form of premenstrual syndrome with symptoms including irritability, anxiety and nonfatal suicidal behavior...
September 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882774/how-prospective-physical-medicine-and-rehabilitation-trainees-rank-residency-training-programs
#20
Michael J Auriemma, Curtis L Whitehair
BACKGROUND: From the inception of the National Resident Matching Program, multiple studies have investigated the factors applicants consider important to ranking prospective residency programs. However, only two previous studies focused on prospective physical medicine and rehabilitation (PM&R) trainees, and the most recent of these studies was published in 1993. It is unknown whether these previous studies are reflective of current prospective PM&R residents. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess various factors that contribute to prospective PM&R residents' decision making in choosing a residency program and compare these findings to previous studies...
September 4, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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