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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637153/dutch-version-of-the-fear-of-pain-questionnaire-for-adolescents-with-chronic-pain
#1
Carolien Dekker, Caroline H G Bastiaenen, Janneke E de Vries, Laura E Simons, Mariëlle E J B Goossens, Jeanine A M C F Verbunt
BACKGROUND: Fear of pain is important in the development and maintenance of chronic pain. The Fear of Pain Questionnaire-Child version has been developed to assess pain related fear in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: Translating the original questionnaire into Dutch, and investigating internal consistency and construct validity to enable use in the Dutch pain rehabilitation setting for treatment and research. METHODS: Cross-sectional validation study: After forward and back translation of the FOPQ-C, adolescents (11-22 years old) with chronic musculoskeletal pain completed an assessment containing the Dutch Fear of Pain Questionnaire, and questionnaires about demographics, pain catastrophizing, functional disability, and pain intensity...
March 3, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635313/reliability-and-validity-of-the-chinese-version-of-the-breathlessness-beliefs-questionnaire
#2
Qing Wu, AiMin Guo, YanWei Zhao, SiJia Li, Hui Huang
The aim of this article is to evaluate the reliability and validity of the Chinese version of the Breathlessness Beliefs Questionnaire (BBQ) for use among patients with respiratory diseases in China. The BBQ is an instrument for assessing specific dyspnoea-related fears and may have predictive value for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease outcomes beyond general anxiety measures. This instrument has not previously been translated into Chinese or tested in mainland China. This was a cross-sectional validation study with a 1-week test of reproducibility...
January 1, 2017: Chronic Respiratory Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634549/a-qualitative-study-of-quality-of-life-concerns-following-a-melanoma-diagnosis
#3
Rachel I Vogel, Lori G Strayer, Rehana L Ahmed, Anne Blaes, DeAnn Lazovich
The goal of this study was to identify a relevant and inclusive list of quality of life issues among long-term survivors of melanoma. Individuals diagnosed with stage I-III cutaneous melanoma and had survived 1-5 years, ages 18-65 years at diagnosis, were recruited. Five focus groups were conducted with 33 participants in total. Discussions centered on participants' experiences at diagnosis, as well as ongoing physical, emotional, and social concerns, and behavioral changes since diagnosis. The majority of participants reported shock, fear, and feeling overwhelmed at the time of diagnosis...
2017: Journal of Skin Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633761/the-opinion-of-health-professionals-regarding-the-presence-of-relatives-during-cardiopulmonary-resucitation
#4
J M Asencio-Gutiérrez, I Reguera-Burgos
BACKGROUND: The latest recommendations from the American Heart Association and the European Resuscitation Council invite allowance for the presence of relatives (PR) during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) as an extra measure of family care. OBJECTIVE: To discover the opinion of health professionals on the PR during CPR. METHOD: Cross-sectional observational study through an online survey in Spain, based on a non-probability sample (n=315)...
June 17, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628620/prevalence-and-determinants-of-online-sex-use-in-the-german-population
#5
Manfred E Beutel, Sebastian Giralt, Klaus Wölfling, Yve Stöbel-Richter, Claudia Subic-Wrana, Iris Reiner, Ana Nanette Tibubos, Elmar Brähler
INTRODUCTION: The unlimited access to sexual features in the World Wide Web has raised concerns about excessive and problematic online-sex use. However, little is known about antecedents of internet-sex use of different intensity. Based on a representative German sample of 2,522 participants between the ages of 14 and 97 years, the aims of the present study were (1) to determine the prevalence rates of online-sex users with the short version (ISSTGSV) of the Internet Sex Screening Test and (2) to associate online-sex use with anxious vs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624572/role-of-beta-catenin-and-endocannabinoids-in-the-nucleus-accumbens-in-extinction-in-rats-exposed-to-shock-and-reminders
#6
Nachshon Korem, Rachel Lange, Cecilia J Hillard, Irit Akirav
The response to a traumatic experience may be rapid recovery or development of psychopathology such as posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Impaired extinction of fear memories is thought to contribute to the development of the persistent trauma memories and avoidance. The Wnt/β-catenin pathway and the endocannabinoid system appear to play significant roles in anxiety and depressive symptoms. Here we examined the involvement of β-catenin in the nucleus accumbens (NAc) in extinction in rats exposed to the shock and reminders model of PTSD...
June 14, 2017: Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620327/scale-of-death-anxiety-sda-development-and-validation
#7
Wei Cai, Yung-Lung Tang, Song Wu, Hong Li
This study developed and validated a new measure to assess the death anxiety (i.e., Scale of Death Anxiety, SDA) on an individual's somatic, cognitive, emotional, and behavioral reactions from a symptomatic perspective in Chinese youth samples. Following a systematic process, a four-factor structure of the SDA was identified through principle components analysis and confirmatory factor analysis that revealed four aspects of death anxiety: Dysphoria, Death Intrusion, Fear of Death, and Avoidance of Death. The results of this study indicate that the SDA has a clear factor structure and good psychometric properties...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619687/use-of-the-central-sensitization-inventory-csi-as-a-treatment-outcome-measure-for-chronic-spinal-pain-disorder-patients-in-a-functional-restoration-program
#8
Randy Neblett, Meredith M Hartzell, Mark Williams, Kelley R Bevers, Tom G Mayer, Robert J Gatchel
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: The Central Sensitization Inventory (CSI) is a valid and reliable patient-reported instrument designed to identify patients whose presenting symptoms may be related to Central Sensitization (CS). Part A of the CSI measures a full array of 25 somatic and emotional symptoms associated with CS, and Part B asks if patients have previously been diagnosed with one or more specific Central Sensitivity Syndromes (CSSs) and related disorders. The CSI has previously been validated in a group of chronic pain patients who were screened by a trained psychiatrist for specific CSS diagnoses...
June 12, 2017: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617373/-a-psychological-content-of-social-phobia-syndrome
#9
O A Sagalakova, D V Truevtsev, I Ya Stoyanova
AIM: To perform a psychological analysis of social phobia syndrome. The subject area of research is the structure of mental activity and behavior in social activity. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 32 patients with symptoms of social phobia (ICD-10 F40.1) and 29 healthy people (controls). A complex of psychological methods (questionnaires; pathopsychological experiment) was used. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Early maladaptive schemes and a tendency to mental rigidity can be a premorbid basis of the syndrome...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28616819/-safe-foods-or-fear-foods-the-implications-of-food-avoidance-in-college-students-from-low-and-middle-income-countries
#10
C James, A Harrison, A Seixas, M Powell, S Pengpid, K Peltzer
PURPOSE: The primary objective of this study was to explore if self-reported food avoidance (fats, carbohydrates and protein) exists among college students in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) and its relationship with body mass index (BMI), dieting, mood/anxiety symptoms, physical activities and general health knowledge. METHODS: This study is a subset (N = 6096) of a larger 26 LMICs cross-sectional survey, which consisted of 21,007 college students. We ascertained socio-demographic information, food avoidance, physical activities, dieting behaviours, depressive and PTSD symptoms, and recorded anthropometric measurements...
June 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610672/agoraphobic-avoidance-predicts-emotional-distress-and-increased-physical-concerns-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Pawel Holas, Jaroslaw Michałowski, Łukasz Gawęda, Joanna Domagała-Kulawik
BACKGROUND: Anxiety and panic attacks are more common in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) than in the overall population. Individuals with panic attacks often attempt to avoid situations perceived as at risk of eliciting bodily sensations such as dyspnea, which paradoxically may lead to anxiety-related responsivity. Although there is some evidence that COPD individuals restrict their participation in various life activities because they fear that these may trigger breathlessness, little is known about agoraphobic avoidance and its impact on cognitions and emotional distress in this population...
July 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605960/heart-rate-heart-rate-variability-faecal-glucocorticoid-metabolites-and-avoidance-response-of-dairy-cows-before-and-after-changeover-to-an-automatic-milking-system
#12
Viktor Jurkovich, Fruzsina Luca Kézér, Ferenc Ruff, Mikolt Bakony, Margit Kulcsár, Levente Kovács
The heart rate variability (HRV) parameters of dairy cows were monitored during parlour (PARL) and the later installed automatic (AMS) milking on a small-scale commercial dairy farm in Hungary. The aim of the study was to assess stress in relation to the type of milking and the frequency of human interaction. Parlour milking involved regular moving and crowding of the animals with frequent human interaction, which were much less frequent in automatic milking. The first phase of the study was conducted prior to the changeover [n = 27] and the second two months afterwards [n = 19 (of the cows from the first phase)]...
June 2017: Acta Veterinaria Hungarica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605298/collegiate-athletes-with-ankle-sprain-history-exhibit-greater-fear-avoidance-beliefs
#13
Megan N Houston, Johanna M Hoch, Matthew C Hoch
CONTEXT: Post-injury, collegiate athletes have reported elevated levels of fear. However, it is unclear how history of ankle sprain impacts injury-related fear. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine if Fear-Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ) scores differ between collegiate athletes with a history of a single ankle sprain, those with recurrent ankle sprains, and healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: National Collegiate Athletic Association institutions...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604073/-fear-and-avoidance-beliefs-in-chronic-pain-the-translation-and-validation-of-the-hungarian-version-of-the-fabq-questionnaire
#14
Eszter Simoncsics, Adrienne Stauder
INTRODUCTION: Chronic low back pain is one of the top reasons for seeking medical advice. In the background of the dysfunction besides the somatic pain dysfunctional thinking, negative emotional states, or interpersonal problems can be identified as well. One of the most important factors making the rehabilitation difficult is the fear and avoidance of physical activity. AIM: The aim of the study was to adapt and validate the Fear Avoidance Beliefs Questionnaire (FABQ-H) in Hungarian...
June 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602236/scaling-up-our-understanding-of-non-consumptive-effects-in-insect-systems
#15
REVIEW
Sara L Hermann, Douglas A Landis
Non-consumptive effects (NCEs) of predators on prey is an important topic in insect ecology with potential applications for pest management. NCEs are changes in prey behavior and physiology that aid in predation avoidance. While NCEs can have positive outcomes for prey survival there may also be negative consequences including increased stress and reduced growth. These effects can cascade through trophic systems influencing ecosystem function. Most NCEs have been studied at small spatial and temporal scales...
April 2017: Current Opinion in Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600997/genistein-alleviates-anxiety-like-behaviors-in-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-model-through-enhancing-serotonergic-transmission-in-the-amygdala
#16
Zhong-Min Wu, Gui-Lian Ni, Ai-Min Shao, Rong Cui
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a chronic psychiatric disorder, characterized by intense fear, and increased arousal and avoidance of traumatic events. The current available treatments for PTSD have limited therapeutic value. Genistein, a natural isoflavone, modulates a variety of cell functions. In this study, we tested anti-anxiety activity and underlying mechanisms of genistein in a PTSD rat model. The rats were trained to associate a tone with foot shock delivery on day 0, then fear conditioning was performed on day 7, 14 and 21...
June 2, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591083/investigating-the-fear-avoidance-model-in-people-with-whiplash-the-association-between-fear-of-movement-and-in-vivo-activity
#17
Ashley Pedler, Steven J Kamper, Annick Maujean, Michele Sterling
OBJECTIVES: The aims of this study were to examine the relationship between fear of movement and activity levels in people with WAD over the first 3 months post injury, to determine the mediating effect of: fear of movement on the relationship between catastrophising and activity levels, and activity levels on the relationship between fear of movement and disability in patients with WAD. METHODS: Ambulatory monitoring of physical activity was conducted for a minimum of 8 waking hours on 2 consecutive days within 4 weeks post injury and at 12 weeks post injury for 103 (74 female) people with WAD...
June 6, 2017: Clinical Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589965/generalization-of-extinguished-fear-to-untreated-fear-stimuli-after-exposure
#18
Friederike Preusser, Jürgen Margraf, Armin Zlomuzica
Exposure therapy is highly effective in treating excessive fear related to specific objects and/or situations. However, patients with anxiety disorders often display a generalization of fear responses towards conceptually and perceptually related stimuli and situations. It is unclear whether the beneficial effects of exposure on fear reduction towards treated fear stimuli can extend to untreated fear stimuli. Here, we investigated whether basic principles of extinction generalization apply to exposure. Spider-phobic participants were randomly assigned to either two sessions of exposure treatment (n=23) with spiders or no-treatment (n=24)...
June 7, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580599/the-two-faces-of-avoidance-time-frequency-correlates-of-motivational-disposition-in-blood-phobia
#19
Rocco Mennella, Michela Sarlo, Simone Messerotti Benvenuti, Giulia Buodo, Giovanni Mento, Daniela Palomba
Contrary to other phobias, individuals with blood phobia do not show a clear-cut withdrawal disposition from the feared stimulus. The study of response inhibition provides insights into reduced action disposition in blood phobia. Twenty individuals with and 20 without blood phobia completed an emotional go/no-go task including phobia-related pictures, as well as phobia-unrelated unpleasant, neutral, and pleasant stimuli. Behavioral results did not indicate a phobia-specific reduced action disposition in the phobic group...
June 5, 2017: Psychophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577589/prospective-investigation-of-the-contrast-avoidance-model-of-generalized-anxiety-and-worry
#20
Tara A Crouch, Jamie A Lewis, Thane M Erickson, Michelle G Newman
The factors that maintain generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms and worry over time are not entirely clear. The Contrast Avoidance Model (CAM) postulates that individuals at risk for pathological worry and GAD symptoms uniquely fear emotional shifts from neutral or positive emotions into negative emotional states, and consequently use worry to maintain negative emotion in order to avoid shifts or blunt the effect of negative contrasts. This model has received support in laboratory experiments, but has not been investigated prospectively in the naturalistic context of daily life...
July 2017: Behavior Therapy
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