keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Fear avoidance

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425929/contradictions-and-promise-for-end-of-life-communication-among-family-and-friends-death-over-dinner-conversations
#1
Andrea Lambert South, Jessica Elton
The free, open-access website called "Let's Get Together and Talk about Death", or Death over Dinner (DoD), provides resources for initiating end-of-life conversations with family and friends by taking the frightening-talking about death-and transforming it into the familiar-a conversation over dinner. This qualitative, descriptive study uses grounded theory and thematic analysis to answer the following research question: How do friend and family groups communicate about death and dying in DoD conversations? To answer this question, 52 dinner groups were recruited and conversations were conducted, which consisted of a facilitator and volunteers...
April 20, 2017: Behavioral Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28425740/-healthier-than-thou-practicing-what-you-preach-backfires-by-increasing-anticipated-devaluation-correction-to-howe-and-monin-2017
#2
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Healthier Than Thou? "Practicing What You Preach" Backfires by Increasing Anticipated Devaluation" by Lauren C. Howe and Benoît Monin (Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Advanced Online Publication, Feb 27, 2017, np). In the article, the beginning phrase of the second paragraph of the Internal Meta-Analysis of Studies 3 Through 5 section is incorrect. It should instead begin as follows: Across the three studies. The Monin et al. (2014) reference in both the References list and in text is included in error...
May 2017: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424894/the-integrity-of-the-nucleus-of-the-lateral-olfactory-tract-is-essential-for-the-normal-functioning-of-the-olfactory-system
#3
Ricardo P Vaz, Armando Cardoso, Susana I Sá, Pedro A Pereira, M Dulce Madeira
The nucleus of the lateral olfactory tract (nLOT) is a relatively small component of the cortical pallial amygdala, with peculiar neurogenic, neurochemical and connectivity patterns. Although it has been suggested that it might be involved in non-pheromonal olfactory-guided behaviors, particularly feeding, the functional implications of the nLOT have never been investigated. In view of this fact, we have tackled this subject by performing a series of behavioral tests and by quantifying biological and biochemical parameters in sexually naïve adult male rats that were submitted to bilateral excitotoxic lesions of the nLOT...
April 19, 2017: Brain Structure & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28424380/-schizotypy-detachment-or-magical-fusion
#4
János Kállai, Mária Simon, István Hartung, Béla Birkás, Róbert Herold
Nowadays, both in the clinical population, and in general communities, we tend to encounter an increasing number of personality disorder patients, whose social adjustment, partnerships and efficient life management is made difficult by the disorder. The ideas of borderline personality disorder patients, who fluctuate between farfetched expectations and fears of their selves being demolished, schizoid patients, who close their selves in their own alienating prison, avoidant patients, who try to escape difficulties, which would enhance their self-esteem, OCD patients, who build their own mythic superstitious world, and antisocial patients who tend to ignore and aggressively override others' interests are all important in the development of cultures with insecure identities...
2017: Psychiatria Hungarica: A Magyar Pszichiátriai Társaság Tudományos Folyóirata
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28410704/resident-doctors-attitudes-toward-tuberculosis-patients
#5
Geeta S Pardeshi, Dileep Kadam, Ajay Chandanwale, Robert Bollinger, Andrea Deluca
BACKGROUND: The attitude of the resident doctors toward tuberculosis (TB) patients can affect their treatment seeking behavior, compliance to treatment as well as reinforce the stigma attached to the disease by the society at large. AIMS: To assess the attitudes of resident medical doctors toward TB patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among postgraduate resident medical doctors at B.J. Government Medical College and Sassoon General Hospital, Pune in September 2014...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28407268/cross-cultural-adaptation-reliability-and-construct-validity-of-the-tampa-scale-for-kinesiophobia-for-temporomandibular-disorders-tsk-tmd-br-into-brazilian-portuguese
#6
Aroldo Dos Santos Aguiar, Cesar Bataglion, Corine Mirjam Visscher, Debora Bevilaqua Grossi, Thais Cristina Chaves
BACKGROUND: Fear of movement (kinesiophobia) seems to play an important role in the development of chronic pain. However, in Temporomandibular Disorders (TMD) there is a scarcity of studies about this topic. The Tampa Scale for Kinesiophobia for TMD (TSK/TMD) is the most widely used instrument to measure fear of movement and it is not available in Brazilian Portuguese. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to culturally adapt the TSK/TMD to Brazilian Portuguese and to assess its psychometric properties regarding internal consistency, reliability, and construct and structural validity...
April 13, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28404600/qualitative-interviews-exploring-palliative-care-perspectives-of-latinos-on-dialysis
#7
Lilia Cervantes, Jacqueline Jones, Stuart Linas, Stacy Fischer
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Compared with non-Latino whites with advanced illness, Latinos are less likely to have an advance directive or to die with hospice services. To improve palliative care disparities, international ESRD guidelines call for increased research on culturally responsive communication of advance care planning (ACP). The objective of our study was to explore the preferences of Latino patients receiving dialysis regarding symptom management and ACP. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: Qualitative study design using semistructured face-to-face interviews of 20 Latinos on hemodialysis between February and July of 2015...
April 12, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400669/minimally-invasive-surgical-technique-for-tethered-surgical-drains
#8
Shane R Hess, Jibanananda Satpathy, Andrew C Waligora, Obinna Ugwu-Oju
A feared complication of temporary surgical drain placement is from the technical error of accidentally suturing the surgical drain into the wound. Postoperative discovery of a tethered drain can frequently necessitate return to the operating room if it cannot be successfully removed with nonoperative techniques. Formal wound exploration increases anesthesia and infection risk as well as cost and is best avoided if possible. We present a minimally invasive surgical technique that can avoid the morbidity associated with a full surgical wound exploration to remove a tethered drain when other nonoperative techniques fail...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399837/fear-of-re-injury-and-return-to-work-following-compensable-injury-qualitative-insights-from-key-stakeholders-in-victoria-australia
#9
Samantha Bunzli, Nabita Singh, Danielle Mazza, Alex Collie, Agnieszka Kosny, Rasa Ruseckaite, Bianca Brijnath
BACKGROUND: Return to work (RTW) is important for recovery post-injury. Fear of (re)injury is a strong predictor of delayed RTW, and therefore much attention has been given to addressing injured workers' fear beliefs. However, RTW is a socially-negotiated process and it may be important to consider the wider social context of the injured worker, including the beliefs of the key people involved in their RTW journey. METHODS: This paper involves data collected as part of a wider study in which semi-structured interviews explored RTW from the perspectives of 93 key stakeholders: injured workers, GPs, employers and insurance case managers in Victoria, Australia...
April 11, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395157/attentional-focus-during-exposure-in-spider-phobia-the-effect-of-valence-and-schematicity-of-a-partial-distractor
#10
Vincent Dethier, Pierre Philippot
This study examines the impact of partial distractor valence and schematicity (i.e., their relation to fear representation) on exposure efficacy. One hundred forty-one spider phobics were exposed to spider pictures and asked, in a between-subjects experimental design, to form mental images of words that were fear related (to spiders) and negative (schematic negative), fear unrelated and negative (non-schematic negative) or fear unrelated and positive (non-schematic positive). Multilevel measures of anxiety were performed at pre-exposure, post-exposure and 6 days' follow-up...
March 28, 2017: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394508/persistence-of-specific-phobia-from-adolescence-to-early-adulthood-longitudinal-follow-up-of-the-mexican-adolescent-mental-health-survey
#11
Yesica C Albor, Corina Benjet, Enrique Méndez, María Elena Medina-Mora
BACKGROUND: Specific phobia is one of the most common psychiatric disorders in the general population, begins at a younger age, and has high comorbidity. However, it receives less treatment than other disorders, perhaps because it is circumscribed to a specific object or situation that can be avoided or is difficult to differentiate from developmentally adaptive fear. Longitudinal studies are needed to clarify its clinical significance, risk factors, and course. This study was designed to determine the persistence of specific phobia in participants during an 8-year period from adolescence to young adulthood and its predictors in a Mexican cohort...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394427/opioid-system-and-human-emotions
#12
REVIEW
Lauri Nummenmaa, Lauri Tuominen
Emotions are states of vigilant readiness that guide human and animal behaviour during survival-salient situations. Categorical models of emotions posit neurally and physiologically distinct human basic emotions (anger, fear, disgust, happiness, sadness, and surprise) that govern different survival functions. Opioid receptors are expressed abundantly in the mammalian emotion circuit and the opioid system modulates a multitude of functions related to arousal and motivation. Yet, its specific contribution to different basic emotions has remained poorly understood...
April 10, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391710/does-psychosocial-stress-exacerbate-avoidant-responses-to-cancer-information-in-those-who-are-afraid-of-cancer-a-population-based-survey-among-older-adults-in-england
#13
Charlotte Vrinten, David Boniface, Siu Hing Lo, Lindsay C Kobayashi, Christian von Wagner, Jo Waller
OBJECTIVE: Communication of cancer information is an important element of cancer control, but cancer fear may lead to information avoidance, especially when coping is low. We examined the association between cancer fear and cancer information avoidance, and tested whether this was exacerbated by psychosocial stress. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of 1258 population-based adults (58-70 years) in England. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Cancer fear (intensity and frequency), perceived psychosocial stress and cancer information avoidance...
April 9, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390494/generalization-of-pain-related-fear-based-on-conceptual-knowledge
#14
Ann Meulders, Kristof Vandael, Johan W S Vlaeyen
Increasing evidence suggests that pain-related fear is key to the transition from acute to chronic pain. Previous research has shown that perceptual similarity with a pain-associated movement fosters the generalization of fear to novel movements. Perceptual generalization of pain-related fear is adaptive as it enables individuals to extrapolate the threat value of one movement to another without the necessity to learn anew. However, excessive spreading of fear to safe movements may become maladaptive and may lead to sustained anxiety, dysfunctional avoidance behaviors, and severe disability...
May 2017: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28388458/subtyping-social-anxiety-in-youth
#15
A Kodal, I Bjelland, R Gjestad, G J Wergeland, O E Havik, E R Heiervang, K Fjermestad
Few empirical studies have examined subtypes of social anxiety disorder (SAD) in youth, and limited consensus resides on the nature of potential subtypes. Identifying subtypes, based on both fear and avoidance patterns, can help improve assessment and treatment of SAD. Subtypes of fear and avoidance were examined in a sample comprising 131 youth (age 8-15 years) diagnosed with SAD using the Anxiety Disorders Interview Schedule for children and parents (ADIS-C/P). Exploratory factor analysis of fear responses revealed three factors, defining fear subtypes linked to: (1) performance, (2) observation, and (3) interaction situations, respectively...
April 2, 2017: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386983/investigating-the-factors-that-affect-the-communication-of-death-related-bad-news-to-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-by-staff-in-residential-and-supported-living-services-an-interview-study
#16
I Tuffrey-Wijne, T Rose
BACKGROUND: Most staff working in intellectual disability services will be confronted with people with intellectual disabilities who need support around death, dying and bereavement. Previous studies suggest that intellectual disability staff tend to protect clients from knowing about death and avoid communication about death. The aims of this study were to gain further insight into the individual, organisational and contextual factors that affect the communication of death-related bad news to people with intellectual disabilities by intellectual disability staff and to develop guidelines for services to enable appropriate communication with clients about death and dying...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28380709/hospital-transfers-of-nursing-home-residents
#17
Olivia Kada
Nursing home (NH) nurses play a key role in hospital transfer decisions. In case of unavailability of physicians, they have to decide alone. In doing so, they consider potential threats to residents' quality of life (QoL), but they also fear the consequences of wrong decisions. The present study examines the causal influence of these deliberations on nurses' transfer decisions and emotional strain. In all, 241 NH nurses participated in the experiment. The vignette describing a resident with deteriorating health state elicited either thoughts on residents' QoL, on legal consequences, or on QoL and legal consequences...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28377670/periodontal-status-and-quality-of-life-impact-of-fear-of-pain-and-dental-fear
#18
Casey D Wright, Daniel W McNeil, Cierra B Edwards, Richard J Crout, Katherine Neiswanger, John R Shaffer, Mary L Marazita
Background. Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) is impacted by periodontal disease and orofacial pain. There is a limited research examining the impact of avoidance of care or physiological arousal related to the fear of pain response on periodontal-related OHRQoL. Methods. Data are from the Center for Oral Health Research in Appalachia family-based study focusing on 1,339 adults. Measures included a modified Periodontal Screening and Recording Index across sextants of dentition, dental fear survey, Fear of Pain Questionnaire-9, and Oral Health Impact Profile-14...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376773/effect-of-patient-anxiety-on-image-motion-artefacts-in-cbct
#19
Elif Yıldızer Keriş
BACKGROUND: Artefacts in images related to patient movement decrease image quality, potentially necessitating re-scanning, which leads to an extra radiation dose for the patient. Thus, avoiding patient motion reduces patient exposure to radiation. The aim of this study was to analyse image motion artefacts (MAs) and how they are affected by patient anxiety during cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) examination. METHODS: A total of 100 patients undergoing CBCT examination were investigated...
April 4, 2017: BMC Oral Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372356/zika-virus-on-youtube-an-analysis-of-english-language-video-content-by-source
#20
Corey H Basch, Isaac Chun-Hai Fung, Rodney N Hammond, Elizabeth B Blankenship, Zion Tsz Ho Tse, King-Wa Fu, Patrick Ip, Charles E Basch
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to describe the source, length, number of views, and content of the most widely viewed Zika virus (ZIKV)-related YouTube videos. We hypothesized that ZIKV-related videos uploaded by different sources contained different content. METHODS: The 100 most viewed English ZIKV-related videos were manually coded and analyzed statistically. RESULTS: Among the 100 videos, there were 43 consumer-generated videos, 38 Internet-based news videos, 15 TV-based news videos, and 4 professional videos...
March 2017: Journal of Preventive Medicine and Public Health, Yebang Ŭihakhoe Chi
keyword
keyword
43075
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"