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Fear avoidance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038862/examining-spatial-patterns-of-selection-and-use-for-an-altered-predator-guild
#1
Matthew A Mumma, Joseph D Holbrook, Nathaniel D Rayl, Christopher J Zieminski, Todd K Fuller, John F Organ, Shane P Mahoney, Lisette P Waits
Anthropogenic disturbances have altered species' distributions potentially impacting interspecific interactions. Interference competition is when one species denies a competing species access to a resource. One mechanism of interference competition is aggression, which can result in altered space-use of a subordinate species due to the threat of harm, otherwise known as a 'landscape of fear'. Alternatively, subordinates might outcompete dominant species in resource-poor environments via a superior ability to extract resources...
October 16, 2017: Oecologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038833/tips-and-tricks-for-uterosacral-ligament-suspension-how-to-avoid-ureteral-injury
#2
Stefano Manodoro, Matteo Frigerio, Rodolfo Milani, Federico Spelzini
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Uterosacral ligament (USL) suspension is an effective and versatile surgical technique for repairing pelvic organ prolapse. However, ureteral injury is a feared complication that may act as a significant deterrent to the use of USL suspension. The aim of the video is to provide key steps to minimize the risk of ureteral injury while achieving successful transvaginal USL suspension. METHODS: The featured video provides a series of surgical tips and tricks that can be applied to protect the ureters while achieving USL suspension whether the procedure contemplated is vaginal hysterectomy, vaginal vault repair after hysterectomy, or hysteropexy...
October 16, 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036699/pain-related-acceptance-as-a-mediator-in-the-fear-avoidance-model-of-chronic-pain-a-preliminary-study
#3
Sophie Lykkegaard Ravn, Maria Louison Vang, Henrik Bjarke Vaegter, Tonny Elmose Andersen
Objective: The fear avoidance model has served as a popular, heuristic model in explaining the transition from acute to chronic pain. In addition, the significance of pain-related acceptance in chronic pain development and adjustment is underlined in a vast number of empirical studies. The objective of the current preliminary study was to investigate pain-related acceptance as a mediator within the key cognitive relationships proposed by the fear avoidance model of chronic pain. Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional design, bodily pain, pain catastrophizing, fear avoidance beliefs, and pain-related acceptance were assessed by questionnaires in 125 chronic pain patients in a Danish multidisciplinary pain center...
September 23, 2017: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031589/implicit-evaluations-and-physiological-threat-responses-in-people-with-persistent-low-back-pain-and-fear-of-bending
#4
J P Caneiro, Peter O'Sullivan, Anne Smith, G Lorimer Moseley, Ottmar V Lipp
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Pain and protective behaviour are dependent on implicit evaluations of danger to the body. However, current assessment of perceived danger relies on self-report, on information of which the person is aware and willing to disclose. To overcome this limitation, attempts have been made to investigate implicit evaluation of movement-related threatening images in people with persistent low back pain (PLBP) and pain-related fear. Lack of specificity of the sample and stimuli limited those explorations...
October 11, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025488/stigma-as-a-barrier-to-the-use-of-occupational-health-units-for-tuberculosis-services-in-south-africa
#5
N Sommerland, E Wouters, C Masquillier, M Engelbrecht, G Kigozi, K Uebel, A Janse van Rensburg, A Rau
SETTING: Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death in South Africa, and health care workers (HCWs) are disproportionally affected. The resulting absenteeism strains the already overburdened health system. Although hospital occupational health care units (OHUs) are cost-effective and of crucial importance in tackling the TB epidemic, the fear of being stigmatised by other colleagues might lead HCWs to avoid using OHUs. OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether the perception of TB stigma among colleagues has a negative effect on the willingness to use OHUs for TB services...
November 1, 2017: International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023466/training-discrimination-diminishes-maladaptive-avoidance-of-innocuous-stimuli-in-a-fear-conditioning-paradigm
#6
Miriam J J Lommen, Mihaela Duta, Koen Vanbrabant, Rachel de Jong, Keno Juechems, Anke Ehlers
Anxiety disorders are the most common mental disorder worldwide. Although anxiety disorders differ in the nature of feared objects or situations, they share a common mechanism by which fear generalizes to related but innocuous objects, eliciting avoidance of objects and situations that pose no objective risk. This overgeneralization appears to be a crucial mechanism in the persistence of anxiety psychopathology. In this study we test whether an intervention that promotes discrimination learning reduces generalization of fear, in particular, harm expectancy and avoidance compared to an irrelevant (control) training...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023461/the-development-of-fears-of-compassion-scale-japanese-version
#7
Kenichi Asano, Masao Tsuchiya, Ikuo Ishimura, Shuzhen Lin, Yuki Matsumoto, Haruko Miyata, Yasuhiro Kotera, Eiji Shimizu, Paul Gilbert
OBJECTIVES: Cultivation of compassion is a useful way to treat mental problems, but some individuals show resistance. Fears of compassion can be an obstacle for clinicians when providing psychotherapy, and for clients when engaging in interpersonal relationships. Despite its importance, a Japanese version of fears of compassion scales (for others, from others, and for self) has not yet been developed. This study developed a Japanese version of the Fears of Compassion Scales and tested its reliability and validity...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023255/adolescent-perceptions-of-peer-responses-to-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study
#8
Pei-Yun Yang, Meei-Fang Lou, Angela Shin-Yu Lien, Bih-Shya Gau
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is more prevalent in adolescents than in adults, and the self-management of insulin-dependent diabetes is complex. T1D requires injections of insulin, self-management of blood testing, regular physical activity, and diet monitoring, which are challenging for growing and developing adolescents. Adolescents are often more concerned with how they are perceived by their peers than how they perceive themselves. Positive peer responses influence the self-care management of adolescents with T1D in school settings...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020396/perception-and-use-of-pap-smear-screening-among-rural-and-urban-women-in-romania
#9
Mihaela Grigore, Razvan Popovici, Anda Pristavu, Ana Maria Grigore, Mioara Matei, Dumitru Gafitanu
Background: In 2012 the National Screening Program for all women between 25 and 64 years of age was launched in Romania. Public awareness is an important factor in the success of a screening program. For this reason, we intended to assess the perception and the level of awareness of Romanian women regarding the Pap test in the prevention of cervical cancer. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 454 women from rural and urban areas. For our study, we used a questionnaire covering general characteristics, awareness, knowledge and practices regarding cervical cancer and Pap smear...
August 4, 2017: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993303/the-lived-experience-of-being-evaluated-for-organ-donation-focus-groups-with-living-kidney-donors
#10
Camilla S Hanson, Angelique F Ralph, Karine E Manera, John S Gill, John Kanellis, Germaine Wong, Jonathan C Craig, Jeremy R Chapman, Allison Tong
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Comprehensive evaluations are required to safeguard voluntarism and minimize harm to living kidney donors. This process is lengthy, invasive, and emotionally challenging, with up to one fifth of potential donors opting out. We aimed to describe donors' experiences of the evaluation process. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We conducted 14 focus groups involving 123 kidney donors who completed donation from three transplant centers (Australia and Canada)...
October 9, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993265/the-concept-of-contexts-in-pain-generalization-of-contextual-pain-related-fear-within-a-de-novo-category-of-unique-contexts
#11
Ann Meulders, Marc Patrick Bennett
The experience of unpredictable pain fluctuations can trigger anticipatory pain-related fear. When discrete predictors for pain are lacking, fear typically accrues to the broader environmental context: a phenomenon referred to as contextual pain-related fear. We examined whether conceptual similarity between discrete contexts facilitates pain-related fear generalization; this mechanism is known as category-level fear generalization. Using a voluntary joystick movement paradigm, pain-free participants performed movements in two contexts (within-subjects design); context was manipulated by varying background color screens...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990944/the-opinion-of-turkish-cardiologists-on-current-malpractice-system-and-an-alternative-patient-compensation-system-proposal-pcs-study-group
#12
Ayhan Olcay, Sadık Volkan Emren, Gamze Babür Güler, Ekrem Güler, Vedat Ertunç, Rida Berilgen, Abdullah Aslan, Ersin Çağrı Şimşek, Şükriye Ebru Gölcük, Kıvanç Yalın
OBJECTIVE: Cardiologists participate in the diagnosis and interventional treatment of numerous high-risk patients. The goal of this study was to investigate how the current malpractice system in Turkey influences cardiologists' diagnostic and interventional behavior and to obtain their opinions about an alternative patient compensation system. METHODS: The present cross-sectional study assessed the practice of defensive medicine among cardiologists who are actively working in various types of workplace within the Turkish healthcare system...
October 2017: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneği Arşivi: Türk Kardiyoloji Derneğinin Yayın Organıdır
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989073/psychological-features-and-their-relationship-to-movement-based-subgroups-in-people-living-with-low-back-pain
#13
Nicholas V Karayannis, Gwendolen A Jull, Michael K Nicholas, Paul W Hodges
OBJECTIVE: To determine the distribution of higher psychological risk features within movement-based subgroups for people with Low Back Pain (LBP) DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study SETTING: Participants were recruited from physiotherapy clinics and community advertisements. Measures were collected at a university outpatient-based physiotherapy clinic. PARTICIPANTS: 102 people seeking treatment for LBP INTERVENTIONS: Participants were subgrouped according to three classification schemes: Mechanical Diagnosis and Treatment (MDT), Treatment Based Classification (TBC) and O'Sullivan Classification (OSC)...
October 5, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988105/broadening-the-fear-avoidance-model-of-chronic-pain
#14
Jantine J L M Boselie, Johan W S Vlaeyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 5, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28987857/intracranial-hemorrhage-in-patients-with-durable-mechanical-circulatory-support-devices-institutional-review-and-proposed-treatment-algorithm
#15
Wyatt L Ramey, Robyn L Basken, Christina M Walter, Zain Khalpey, G Michael Lemole, Travis M Dumont
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is frequently managed in neurosurgery. Patients with durable mechanical circulatory support devices, including total artificial hearts (TAHs) and left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) are often encountered in the setting of ICH. While durable mechanical circulatory support devices have improved survival and quality of life for patients with advanced heart failure, ICH is one of the most feared complications following LVAD and TAH implantation...
October 4, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981652/prevalence-of-malnutrition-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#16
María José Casanova, Maria Chaparro, Begoña Molina, Olga Merino, Ricardo Batanero, Carmen Dueñas-Sadornil, Pilar Robledo, Ana María Garcia-Albert, Maria Bienvenida Gómez-Sánchez, Xavier Calvet, Maria Del Roser Trallero, Miguel Montoro, Iria Vázquez, Mara Charro, Amaya Barragán, Francisco Martínez-Cerezo, Isabel Megias-Rangil, José María Huguet, Ezequiel Marti-Bonmati, Marta Calvo, Mariana Campderá, Margarita Muñoz-Vicente, Angel Merchante, Ansel David Ávila, Pilar Serrano-Aguayo, Ruth De Francisco, Daniel Hervías, Luis Bujanda, Gloria Esther Rodriguez, Luisa Castro-Laria, Manuel Barreiro-de Acosta, Manuel Van Domselaar, Patricia Ramirez de la Piscina, Javier Santos-Fernández, Alicia Algaba, Sandra Torra, Liliana Pozzati, Pilar López-Serrano, Maria Del Rosario Arribas, Maria Luisa Rincón, Andrés Camilo Peláez, Elena Castro, Antonio García-Herola, Cecilio Santander, Moisés Hernández-Alonso, Elisa Martín-Noguerol, María Gómez-Lozano, Tamara Monedero, Albert Villoria, Ariadna Figuerola, Andrés Castaño-García, Jesús M Banales, Laura Díaz-Hernández, Federico Argüelles-Arias, Javier López-Díaz, Isabel Pérez-Martínez, Noelia García-Talavera, Olivia Karina Nuevo-Siguairo, Sabino Riestra, Javier P Gisbert
Aims: This study sought to determine the prevalence of malnutrition in patients with inflammatory bowel disease, to analyse the dietary beliefs and behaviours of these patients, to study their body composition, to evaluate their muscular strength and to identify the factors associated with malnutrition in these patients. Methods: This was a prospective, multicentre study. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients from 30 Spanish centres, from the outpatient clinics, were included...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980825/does-the-fear-avoidance-model-explain-persistent-symptoms-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#17
Melloney L M Wijenberg, Sven Z Stapert, Jeanine A Verbunt, Jennie L Ponsford, Caroline M Van Heugten
BACKGROUND: A minority of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) experience a persistent symptom complex also known as post-concussion syndrome. Explanations for this syndrome are still lacking. OBJECTIVE: To investigate if the fear avoidance model, including catastrophizing thoughts and fear avoidance behaviour, poses a possible biopsychosocial explanation for lingering symptoms and delay in recovery after traumatic brain injury (TBI) with special focus on mTBI...
October 5, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28980378/development-and-validation-of-a-childhood-self-efficacy-for-functional-constipation-questionnaire
#18
N R Santucci, P E Hyman, A Karpinski, A Rosenberg, D Garguilo, L E Rein, A Amado-Feeley, E Stoops, R E Herdes, M A L van Tilburg
BACKGROUND: Children with functional constipation fear painful bowel movements leading to stool withholding behavior. Self-efficacy is the belief that an individual can accomplish a given goal. If children with constipation avoid defecation because they think that they are unable defecate comfortably, this low self-efficacy may prevent treatment success. The aim of the current study was to develop and validate a constipation specific self-efficacy scale. METHODS: The self-efficacy for functional constipation questionnaire (SEFCQ) was developed by the authors and evaluated by 10 children and seven experts...
October 4, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973820/designing-graphs-that-promote-both-risk-understanding-and-behavior-change
#19
Yasmina Okan, Eric R Stone, Wändi Bruine de Bruin
Graphs show promise for improving communications about different types of risks, including health risks, financial risks, and climate risks. However, graph designs that are effective at meeting one important risk communication goal (promoting risk-avoidant behaviors) can at the same time compromise another key goal (improving risk understanding). We developed and tested simple bar graphs aimed at accomplishing these two goals simultaneously. We manipulated two design features in graphs, namely, whether graphs depicted the number of people affected by a risk and those at risk of harm ("foreground+background") versus only those affected ("foreground-only"), and the presence versus absence of simple numerical labels above bars...
October 3, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972389/parental-expressions-of-anxiety-and-child-temperament-in-toddlerhood-jointly-predict-preschoolers-avoidance-of-novelty
#20
Evin Aktar, Mirjana Majdandžić, Wieke De Vente, Susan M Bögels
This study investigated the link between (a) parents' social trait and state anxiety and (b) children's fear and avoidance in social referencing situations in a longitudinal design and considered the modulating role of child temperament in these links. Children were confronted with a stranger and a robot, separately with their father and mother at 1 (N = 122), at 2.5 (N = 117), and at 4.5 (N = 111) years of age. Behavioral inhibition (BI) was separately observed at 1 and 2.5 years. Parents' social anxiety disorder (SAD) severity was assessed via interviews prenatally and at 4...
October 3, 2017: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
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