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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28943763/effects-of-different-feeding-regimes-on-deer-meat-venison-quality-following-chilled-storage-condition
#1
Kwan Woo Kim, Hyung Soo Park, Sung Soo Lee, Seong Heum Yeon, Chang Yeon Cho, Sang Woo Kim, Jinwook Lee
This study was conducted to investigate the effect of different feeding regimes on the quality of deer meat (venison) following storage at 4°C for various durations. Twelve 5-year-old elk stags about 350 kg were stratified by weight and randomly assigned to one of four dietary treatments (three elk stags per treatment). The dietary treatments consisted of a feeding concentrate of 1.5% of body weight (T1), feeding concentrate of 1.8% of body weight (T2), feeding concentrate ad libitum (T3), or a home-mixed ration ad libitum (T4)...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28942754/can-we-improve-the-nutritional-quality-of-meat
#2
Nigel D Scollan, Eleri M Price, Sarah A Morgan, Sharon A Huws, Kevin J Shingfield
The nutritional value of meat is an increasingly important factor influencing consumer preferences for poultry, red meat and processed meat products. Intramuscular fat content and composition, in addition to high quality protein, trace minerals and vitamins are important determinants of nutritional value. Fat content of meat at retail has decreased substantially over the past 40 years through advances in animal genetics, nutrition and management and changes in processing techniques. Evidence of the association between diet and the incidence of human non-communicable diseases has driven an interest in developing production systems for lowering total SFA and trans fatty acid (TFA) content and enrichment of n-3 PUFA concentrations in meat and meat products...
September 25, 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28941688/high-ph-in-beef-longissimus-thoracis-reduces-muscle-fibre-transverse-shrinkage-and-light-scattering-which-contributes-to-the-dark-colour
#3
J Hughes, F Clarke, P Purslow, R Warner
Most studies have focused on myoglobin regarding meat colour development, with little focus on the contribution of muscle structure and light scattering. Our aim was to investigate the pH-dependent changes in muscle structure, on the light scattering properties of the meat. Beef longissimus thoracis muscles were segregated into light, medium or dark colour groups (n=18). 'Dark' muscles had a high ultimate pH (pHu), lower lightness (L*), redness (a*), higher myoglobin concentration and deoxymyoglobin content compared to other muscles...
November 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938784/immunocastration-as-an-alternative-to-caponization-evaluation-of-its-effect-on-body-and-bone-development-and-on-meat-color-and-composition
#4
M A G Quaresma, I C Antunes, M F Ribeiro, S Prazeres, R J B Bessa, P Martins da Costa
Caponization is associated with some morbidity and mortality, which contributes to important economic losses. This practice is executed without any pain relief (neither anesthesia nor analgesia) and can be painful and without consideration of animal welfare. On the other hand, immunocastration accomplished by Improvac and Bovipriva in pigs and cattle represents a noninvasive procedure, and for that reason is regarded as an alternative with improved animal welfare. This study includes 4 experimental groups consisting of capons, slips, roosters, and birds submitted to the Improvac treatment...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938767/isothermal-gelation-behavior-of-myofibrillar-proteins-from-white-and-red-chicken-meat-at-different-temperatures
#5
S Glorieux, L Steen, H Paelinck, I Foubert, I Fraeye
This paper provides insights in the isothermal gelation behavior of white and red chicken myofibrillar proteins (CMP) at different temperatures (20 to 80°C) and the underlying aggregation mechanism, allowing understanding of structure formation in poultry products during thermal processing. At low temperatures (20 to 60°C), an increase in aromatic surface hydrophobicity (SoANS) was found, suggesting potential formation of hydrophobic interactions between CMP. At higher temperatures (60 to 80°C), high SoANS and a significant decrease in total sulfhydryl amount (SH-amount) strongly indicate the presence of hydrophobic interactions and disulfide bonding, resulting in aggregation, as suggested by sodium dodecyl sulfate polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE)...
October 1, 2017: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28935150/mediterranean-diet-and-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
Alberto Farinetti, Valeria Zurlo, Antonio Manenti, Francesca Coppi, Anna Vittoria Mattioli
Colorectal cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, especially in developed countries where an estimated 60% of all cases occur. There is evidence of a higher risk for CRC in Western society, where people tend to eat more red and processed meat than those living along the Mediterranean coast, who have a decreased overall cancer mortality, which is correlated to their eating habits, such as Mediterranean diet. The aim of this review was to evaluate the correlation between three components of the Mediterranean diet (olive oil, red wine, and tomatoes) and incidence and progression of colorectal cancer...
November 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934259/copper-and-zinc-content-in-wild-game-shot-with-lead-or-non-lead-ammunition-implications-for-consumer-health-protection
#7
Daniela Schlichting, Christine Sommerfeld, Christine Müller-Graf, Thomas Selhorst, Matthias Greiner, Antje Gerofke, Ellen Ulbig, Carl Gremse, Markus Spolders, Helmut Schafft, Monika Lahrssen-Wiederholt
The aim of this study was to examine the contamination of game meat with copper and zinc and establish whether the use of alternative (non-lead) ammunition can lead to higher or unsafe levels of copper and zinc in the meat of roe deer, wild boar and red deer. The research project "Safety of game meat obtained through hunting" (LEMISI) was conducted in Germany with the purpose of examining the entry of lead as well as copper and zinc into the meat of hunted game when using either lead or non-lead ammunition...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934081/longitudinal-analysis-of-nut-inclusive-diets-and-body-mass-index-among-overweight-and-obese-african-american-women-living-in-rural-alabama-and-mississippi-2011-2013
#8
Samara R Sterling, Brenda Bertrand, Suzanne Judd, Tiffany L Carson, Paula Chandler-Laney, Monica L Baskin
INTRODUCTION: Nuts, when eaten alongside other nutritionally rich foods, may decrease obesity and related chronic disease risks, which are high among African American women in the rural South. We monitored changes in nut intake, other obesity-related foods (fruits, vegetables, red or processed meats, added sugars), and body mass index (BMI) over a 2-year weight loss intervention among 383 overweight and obese African American women in rural Alabama and Mississippi. METHODS: Two dietary recalls were administered at 4 points over 24 months...
September 21, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929899/nutrition-as-a-component-of-dementia-risk-reduction-strategies
#9
Carol E Greenwood, Matthew D Parrott
According to the Alzheimer Society of Canada, within the next generation, Canada will experience a more than doubling of individuals living with dementia and a potentially economically crippling 10-fold increase in costs to Canadians. Up to 50% of cases with dementia can be attributed to seven modifiable, predominantly vascular and/or lifestyle-associated, risk factors. Multi-modal dementia risk reduction strategies, targeting diet, exercise, mental stimulation, and vascular risk monitoring, are likely to be the most successful...
January 2017: Healthcare Management Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927785/do-alcoholic-beverages-obesity-and-other-nutritional-factors-modify-the-risk-of-familial-colorectal-cancer-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Anthony Fardet, Nathalie Druesne-Pecollo, Mathilde Touvier, Paule Latino-Martel
PURPOSE: Individuals with family history of colorectal cancer are at higher risk of colorectal cancer than the general population. Until now, guidelines for familial colorectal cancer risk have only pointed at early diagnosis efforts via screening tests and surveillance, and payed scarce or no attention to lowering exposure to modifiable risk factors, notably nutritional factors. METHODS: We conducted a systematic review of epidemiological studies investigating the associations between nutritional factors, family history of colorectal cancer, and colorectal cancer risk...
September 7, 2017: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926963/broad-and-inconsistent-muscle-food-classification-is-problematic-for-dietary-guidance-in-the-u-s
#11
REVIEW
Cody L Gifford, Lauren E O'Connor, Wayne W Campbell, Dale R Woerner, Keith E Belk
Dietary recommendations regarding consumption of muscle foods, such as red meat, processed meat, poultry or fish, largely rely on current dietary intake assessment methods. This narrative review summarizes how U.S. intake values for various types of muscle foods are grouped and estimated via methods that include: (1) food frequency questionnaires; (2) food disappearance data from the U.S. Department of Agriculture Economic Research Service; and (3) dietary recall information from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data...
September 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925766/correlation-of-types-of-food-and-asthma-diagnosis-in-childhood-a-case-control-study
#12
Souheil Hallit, Chantal Raherison, Rita Abou Abdallah, Rabih Hallit, Pascale Salameh
BACKGROUND: Studies concerning asthma in Lebanon investigated environmental and personal factors but none of them took into account the effect of nutritional habits. Our objective is to assess the effect of nutritional habits on asthma and allergies in Lebanese children aged between 3-16 years old. METHODS: This is a case-control study, conducted between December 2015 and April 2016. The Food Frequency Questionnaire was composed of 16 semi-quantitative questions covering different food categories...
September 19, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921519/impact-of-pork-collagen-superfine-powder-on-rheological-and-texture-properties-of-harbin-red-sausage
#13
Wenhang Wang, Xiao Wang, Wenping Zhao, Guixian Gao, Xiaowei Zhang, Yabin Wang, Yanan Wang
It is a challenge for producers to looking for excellent filler to satisfy the required qualities of high grade meat products such as Harbin red sausage in China. Four collagen superfine powders (CSPs) from pig skin with different heating pretreatments, named as T0 (non-heating), T1 (at 60 °C for 20 min), T2 (at 80 °C for 20 min), T3 (at 120 °C for 10 min) respectively, at various concentrations (1, 3, 5 wt%) were added to the sausage and their impact on sausage properties was investigated. Rheological results showed that addition of CSPs especially T2 increased the elastic modulus (G') of sausage, indicating the enhanced stabilization of meat batter due to formation of a coherent protein network...
September 18, 2017: Journal of Texture Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917244/dietary-patterns-and-sleep-parameters-in-a-cohort-of-community-dwelling-australian-men
#14
Yingting Cao, Anne W Taylor, Gary Wittert, Robert Adams, Zumin Shi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence suggests potential effects of nutrients/foods on sleep parameters. However, no studies have addressed the complex interactions among nutrients/foods and relate them to sleep outcomes. To investigate the associations between dietary patterns and sleep parameters (polysomnography (PSG) measured and self-reported sleep symptoms) in a large sample of community dwelling men in South Australia. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional analysis was conducted of participants in the Men Androgen Inflammation Lifestyle Environment and Stress cohort enrolled in a sleep sub-study (n=784, age 35-80 years)...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916916/investigating-baseline-red-meat-slaughter-operator-capacity-and-directions-for-development-in-lao-pdr
#15
Joanne C Thomas, James R Young, Kathrin Schemann, Phaivanh Chankhamthong, Syseng Khounsy, Sonevilay Nampanya, Peter A Windsor, Russell D Bush
A study of operator knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) in red meat slaughter premise operations in northern Laos was conducted and compared with international best practice, to inform future industry development. The survey interviewed 68 (of 94 possible participants) employees from all ten commercial slaughter premises in six districts in three northern Laos provinces. This was supported by observations of slaughter premises, processes and the conduct of personnel. Descriptive analysis and linear regression modelling identified significant KAP predictor factors, and a gap analysis supported or rejected inferences from the generally low KAP scores for human and animal health, animal welfare, good manufacturing practices (GMP), work conditions and economics...
September 15, 2017: Tropical Animal Health and Production
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913916/red-and-processed-meat-intake-and-cancer-risk-results-from-the-prospective-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort-study
#16
Abou Diallo, Mélanie Deschasaux, Paule Latino-Martel, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Philippine Fassier, Benjamin Allès, Françoise Guéraud, Fabrice H Pierre, Mathilde Touvier
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (WHO-IARC) classified red meat and processed meat as probably carcinogenic and carcinogenic for humans, respectively. These conclusions were mainly based on studies concerning colorectal cancer, but scientific evidence is still limited for other cancer locations. In this study, we investigated the prospective associations between red and processed meat intakes and overall, breast, and prostate cancer risk. This prospective study included 61,476 men and women of the French NutriNet-Santé cohort (2009-2015) aged ≥35y and who completed at least 3 24h dietary records during the first year of follow-up...
September 15, 2017: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913858/relationships-between-mineral-concentrations-and-physicochemical-characteristics-in-the-longissimus-thoracis-muscle-of-japanese-black-cattle
#17
Takashi Kitagawa, Masayuki Funaba, Tohru Matsui
The relationship between mineral concentrations, and the relationship of mineral concentrations with physicochemical characteristics in muscles were investigated using the Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle of 44 Japanese Black steers. We determined moisture content, fat content, meat color, fatty acid composition and mineral concentrations in the LT muscle. Magnesium (Mg), potassium (K) and zinc (Zn) concentrations had negative correlations with fat content, but sodium (Na), manganese (Mn), copper (Cu) and molybdenum (Mo) concentrations were not correlated with fat content...
September 15, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28913823/dietary-patterns-as-a-red-flag-for-higher-risk-of-eating-disorders-among-female-teenagers-with-and-without-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-adolescents-with-type-i-diabetes-mellitus-are-a-risk-factor-for-eating-disorders-a-case-control-study
#18
Ruth Bartelli Grigolon, Karin Louise Lenz Dunker, Mireille Coelho Almeida, Denise Claudino Achôa, Angélica Medeiros Claudino
BACKGROUND: Female adolescents with type I diabetes mellitus (TIDM) have an increased risk of developing eating disorders (ED) due to the dietary recommendations. OBJECTIVE: Investigate the association between dietary intake and increased risk of ED. METHODS: Case-control study with 50 T1DM female adolescents (11-16 years) and 100 healthy peers (CG). Measures included food frequency questionnaire (FFQ-PP), Child-EDE.12, economic and anthropometric data...
September 14, 2017: Eating and Weight Disorders: EWD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894701/relationship-between-diet-and-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-a-review-article
#19
REVIEW
Parvin Mirmiran, Zeynab Amirhamidi, Hanieh-Sadat Ejtahed, Zahra Bahadoran, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Diet plays a key role in the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). The aim of this study was to review systematically observational studies available regarding the relationship between food intakes and NAFLD. METHODS: We searched Scopus, PubMed, and Cochrane Library databases to identify English observational studies on food groups, dietary patterns, and NAFLD. Cross-sectional, case-control and cohort studies were selected and then duplication, topic, type of study, study population, variables examined and quality of data reporting of the articles were evaluated...
August 2017: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889035/influence-of-meat-source-ph-and-production-time-on-zinc-protoporphyrin-ix-formation-as-natural-colouring-agent-in-nitrite-free-dry-fermented-sausages
#20
Hannelore De Maere, Sylvie Chollet, Jos De Brabanter, Chris Michiels, Hubert Paelinck, Ilse Fraeye
Nitrite is commonly used in meat products due to its plural technological advantages. However, it is controversial because of its detrimental side effects on health. Within the context of nitrite reduction, zinc protoporphyrin IX (Zn(II)PPIX) formation in meat products as natural red colouring agent has been suggested. This investigation presents the evaluation of naturally occurring pigments, namely Zn(II)PPIX, protoporphyrin IX (PPIX) and heme in nitrite-free dry fermented sausages in function of time, meat source (pork, horsemeat and a combination of both meat sources) and pH condition...
September 1, 2017: Meat Science
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