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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535164/meat-dietary-heme-iron-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-the-singapore-chinese-health-study
#1
Mohammad Talaei, Ye-Li Wang, Jian-Min Yuan, An Pan, Woon-Puay Koh
We evaluated the relations of red meat, poultry, fish and shellfish, as well as heme iron intake, with risk of type 2 diabetes (T2D).The Singapore Chinese Health Study is a population-based cohort that recruited 63,257 Chinese adults aged 45-74 years from 1993 to 1998. Usual diet was evaluated by a validated 165-item semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire at recruitment. Physician-diagnosed T2D was self-reported during two follow-up interviews in 1999-2004 and 2006-2010. During a mean follow-up of 10...
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534830/calculation-of-haem-iron-intake-and-its-role-in-the-development-of-iron-deficiency-in-young-women-from-the-australian-longitudinal-study-on-women-s-health
#2
Angela J Reeves, Mark A McEvoy, Lesley K MacDonald-Wicks, Daniel Barker, John Attia, Allison M Hodge, Amanda J Patterson
Total iron intake is not strongly associated with iron stores, but haem iron intake may be more predictive. Haem iron is not available in most nutrient databases, so experimentally determined haem contents were applied to an Australian Food Frequency Questionnaire (FFQ) to estimate haem iron intake in a representative sample of young women (25-30 years). The association between dietary haem iron intakes and incident self-reported diagnosed iron deficiency over six years of follow-up was examined. Haem iron contents for Australian red meats, fish, and poultry were applied to haem-containing foods in the Dietary Questionnaire for Epidemiological Studies V2 (DQESv2) FFQ...
May 19, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532405/red-meat-and-chicken-consumption-and-its-association-with-high-blood-pressure-and-obesity-in-south-korean-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-analysis-of-kshes-2011-2015
#3
Geum Hee Kim, Sang Won Shin, Juneyoung Lee, Jun Hyun Hwang, Soon-Woo Park, Jin Soo Moon, Hyun Jung Kim, Hyeong Sik Ahn
BACKGROUND: The impact of meat consumption on high blood pressure (HBP) and obesity in children and adolescents is a subject of debate. The aim of this study was thus to evaluate the association between meat consumption and both HBP and obesity in this group. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional analysis using nationally representative samples of children and adolescents aged 9, 12, and 15 years old (n = 136,739) who were included in the Korea School Health Examination Survey (KSHES) for the 2011-2015 period...
May 22, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522699/greater-frequency-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-is-associated-with-lower-prevalence-of-peripheral-artery-disease
#4
Sean P Heffron, Caron B Rockman, Mark A Adelman, Eugenia Gianos, Yu Guo, Jin Feng Xu, Jeffrey S Berger
OBJECTIVE: Although fruit and vegetable (F&V) consumption is associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease and stroke, its association with peripheral artery disease (PAD) is less certain. We, thus, sought to characterize F&V intake and investigate the association between F&V consumption and presence of PAD in a large community sample. APPROACH AND RESULTS: Self-referred participants at >20 000 US sites who completed medical and lifestyle questionnaires were evaluated by screening ankle brachial indices for PAD (ankle brachial index ≤0...
May 18, 2017: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516388/effects-of-different-selenium-sources-on-growth-performance-antioxidant-capacity-and-meat-quality-of-local-chinese-subei-chickens
#5
J L Li, L Zhang, Z Y Yang, Z Y Zhang, Y Jiang, F Gao, G H Zhou
Despite increasing evidence indicating the essential involvement of selenium (Se) on growth performance, antioxidant capacity, and meat quality of commercial broilers, the effects of different Se sources on local Chinese Subei chickens is unclear. A total of 360 50-day-old male chickens were individually weighed and randomly allocated to four treatment groups. Chickens in each of the four groups were fed diets supplemented with 0.3 mg Se/kg as sodium Se (SS), Se-enriched yeast (SY), selenomethionine (Met-Se), or nano red element Se (Nano-Se) for 40 days...
May 17, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515652/effects-of-pre-converted-nitrite-from-red-beet-and-ascorbic-acid-on-quality-characteristics-in-meat-emulsions
#6
Yun-Sang Choi, Tae-Kyung Kim, Ki-Hong Jeon, Jong-Dae Park, Hyun-Wook Kim, Ko-Eun Hwang, Young-Boong Kim
We investigated the effects of fermented red beet extract and ascorbic acid on color development in meat emulsions. The pH of meat emulsions containing red beet extract decreased with an increase in the amount of extract added. The redness of the treated meat emulsions was higher than that of the control with no added nitrite or fermented red beet extract (p<0.05), though the redness of the meat emulsions treated with fermented red beet extract only was lower than in that treated with both fermented red beet extract and ascorbic acid (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515651/effect-of-gleditsia-sinensis-lam-extract-on-physico-chemical-properties-of-emulsion-type-pork-sausages
#7
Sang-Keun Jin, Han-Sul Yang, Jung-Seok Choi
This study was performed to investigate the effect of Gleditsia sinensis Lam. extract on the physicochemical properties of emulsion-type pork sausages during storage at 10°C for 4 wk. Treatments were as follows: (C, control; T1, sodium ascorbate 0.05%; T2, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 0.05%; T3, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 0.1%; T4, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 0.2%; T5, Gleditsia sinensis Lam. 0.1% + sodium ascorbate 0.05%). The values of pH, moisture content, lightness, redness, and sensory attributes were all significantly decreased, while the yellowness, chroma, hue angle, and texture properties were increased during storage with increase of the Gleditsia sinensis Lam...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515648/evaluation-of-antioxidative-activity-of-various-levels-of-ethanol-extracted-tomato-powder-and-application-to-pork-patties
#8
Hyeong Sang Kim, Koo Bok Chin
This study was performed to evaluate antioxidant activity of tomato powder extracted by various concentrations of ethanol (0, 25, 50, 75, 100%) and to evaluate the physicochemical properties and antioxidant activities of pork patties with ethanol extracted tomato (EET) powder. No differences in the contents of total of individual phenolic compounds including gallic acid and catechin, were observed among the treatments (p>0.05). Among the various concentrations, 50% and 75% EET powder showed the highest free radical scavenging and iron chelating activities (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515646/lotus-nelumbo-nucifera-rhizome-as-an-antioxidant-dietary-fiber-in-cooked-sausage-effects-on-physicochemical-and-sensory-characteristics
#9
Youn-Kyung Ham, Ko-Eun Hwang, Dong-Heon Song, Yong-Jae Kim, Dong-Jin Shin, Kyung-Il Kim, Hye-Jin Lee, Na-Rae Kim, Cheon-Jei Kim
The objective of this study was to determine the physicochemical and sensory properties of cooked emulsion sausages containing different levels of lotus rhizome powder (0, 1, 2, and 3%, based on total weight). Lotus rhizome powder had no significant (p>0.05) impact on pH, moisture, protein, or ash content of sausage. However, fat content was slightly but significantly (p<0.05) decreased when the level of lotus rhizome powder was increased in the sausages. The addition of lotus rhizome powder to sausages at over 1% resulted in significantly (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514984/alternate-mediterranean-diet-score-is-positively-associated-with-skeletal-muscle-mass-index-in-middle-aged-adults
#10
Hui-Yuan Tian, Rui Qiu, Li-Peng Jing, Zhan-Yong Chen, Geng-Dong Chen, Yu-Ming Chen
Researches have suggested Mediterranean diet might lower the risk of chronic diseases, but data on skeletal muscle mass (SMM) are limited. This community-based cross-sectional study examined the association between the alternate Mediterranean diet score (aMDS) and SMM in 2230 females and 1059 males aged 40-75 years in Guangzhou, China. General information and habitual dietary information were assessed in face-to-face interviews conducted during 2008-2010 and 3 years later. The aMDS was calculated by summing the dichotomous points for the items of higher intakes of whole grain, vegetables, fruits, legumes, nuts, fish and ratio of MUFA:SFA, lower red meat and moderate ethanol consumption...
May 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505126/unprocessed-meat-consumption-and-incident-cardiovascular-diseases-in-korean-adults-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study-koges
#11
Kyong Park, Jakyung Son, Jiyoung Jang, Ryungwoo Kang, Hye-Kyung Chung, Kyong Won Lee, Seung-Min Lee, Hyunjung Lim, Min-Jeong Shin
Meat consumption has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in Western societies; however, epidemiological data are limited on the Korean population. Therefore, we examined the associations between unprocessed meat consumption and CVD incidence in Korea. Data were derived from the Ansung-Ansan cohort (2001-2012), including 9370 adults (40-69 years) without CVD or cancer at baseline. Total unprocessed meat consumption was estimated as the sum of unprocessed red meat (beef, pork, and organ meat) and poultry consumption...
May 15, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505087/the-effect-of-diet-on-the-survival-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease
#12
REVIEW
Jacek Rysz, Beata Franczyk, Aleksandra Ciałkowska-Rysz, Anna Gluba-Brzózka
The prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is high and it is gradually increasing. Individuals with CKD should introduce appropriate measures to hamper the progression of kidney function deterioration as well as prevent the development or progression of CKD-related diseases. A kidney-friendly diet may help to protect kidneys from further damage. Patients with kidney damage should limit the intake of certain foods to reduce the accumulation of unexcreted metabolic products and also to protect against hypertension, proteinuria and other heart and bone health problems...
May 13, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504889/genetic-characterization-of-vana-enterococcus-faecium-isolates-from-wild-red-legged-partridges-in-portugal
#13
Vanessa Silva, Gilberto Igrejas, Isabel Carvalho, Fernando Peixoto, Lucas Cardoso, José Eduardo Pereira, Rosa Del Campo, Patricia Poeta
Vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE) have been detected in wild animals representing a public health concern. The red-legged partridge (Alectoris rufa) is a common game bird and its meat is consumed in several countries, including Portugal. Three hundred five fecal samples of red-legged partridge from the north of Portugal were screened for VRE. Samples were cultured on Slanetz-Bartley agar supplemented with vancomycin (4 mg/L) and six vanA-Enterococcus faecium were recovered. Isolates were tested for antibiotic resistance and virulence genes...
May 15, 2017: Microbial Drug Resistance: MDR: Mechanisms, Epidemiology, and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28500964/dietary-linseed-oil-supplemented-with-organic-selenium-improved-the-fatty-acid-nutritional-profile-muscular-selenium-deposition-water-retention-and-tenderness-of-fresh-pork
#14
Jiang Jiang, Xinyue Tang, Yan Xue, Gang Lin, Youling L Xiong
Cross-bred pigs were fed a control diet (with 0.3ppm sodium selenite and 1.5% soybean oil) or organic selenium diets (0.3ppm Se-Yeast with 1.5% soybean or linseed oil) to investigate nutrient supplement effects on meat quality and oxidative stability. The organic selenium diets increased muscular selenium content up to 54%, and linseed oil increased n-3 fatty acids two-fold while lowering the n-6/n-3 fatty acid ratio from 13.9 to 5.9 over the selenite control diet (P<0.05). Organic selenium yeast treatments with linseed oil reduced pork drip loss by 58-74% when compared with diets with soybean oil...
April 6, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497348/evaluation-of-dietary-palygorskite-supplementation-on-growth-performance-mineral-accumulations-antioxidant-capacities-and-meat-quality-of-broilers-fed-lead-contaminated-diet
#15
Y F Cheng, Y P Chen, C Wen, W B Wang, A Q Wang, Y M Zhou
The objective of this study was to evaluate influence of dietary palygorskite (Pal) supplementation on growth performance, mineral accumulations in the tissues (livers, kidneys, and muscles), antioxidant capacities, and meat quality of broilers fed lead (Pb)-contaminated diet. One-hundred forty-four male broiler chicks were randomly divided into three treatment groups, receiving a corn-soybean meal basal diet (the control group), the basal diet contaminated with 10 mg/kg Pb (the Pb group), and the basal diet with 10-g/kg Pal supplementation and 10-mg/kg Pb contamination (the Pal/Pb group) from 1 to 42 days of age, respectively...
May 12, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28495901/red-meat-another-inconvenient-truth
#16
EDITORIAL
Fiona Godlee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 11, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490434/red-meat-consumption-is-linked-to-higher-risk-of-death-from-most-major-causes
#17
Zosia Kmietowicz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28489037/color-coded-front-of-pack-nutrition-labels-an-option-for-us-packaged-foods
#18
Elizabeth K Dunford, Jennifer M Poti, Dagan Xavier, Jacqui L Webster, Lindsey Smith Taillie
The implementation of a standardized front-of-pack-labelling (FoPL) scheme would likely be a useful tool for many consumers trying to improve the healthfulness of their diets. Our objective was to examine what the traffic light labelling scheme would look like if implemented in the US. Data were extracted from Label Insight's Open Access branded food database in 2017. Nutrient levels and the proportion of products classified as "Red" (High), "Amber" (Medium) or "Green" (Low) in total fat, saturated fat, total sugar and sodium for food and beverage items were examined...
May 10, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487287/mortality-from-different-causes-associated-with-meat-heme-iron-nitrates-and-nitrites-in-the-nih-aarp-diet-and-health-study-population-based-cohort-study
#19
Arash Etemadi, Rashmi Sinha, Mary H Ward, Barry I Graubard, Maki Inoue-Choi, Sanford M Dawsey, Christian C Abnet
Objective To determine the association of different types of meat intake and meat associated compounds with overall and cause specific mortality.Design Population based cohort study.Setting Baseline dietary data of the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (prospective cohort of the general population from six states and two metropolitan areas in the US) and 16 year follow-up data until 31 December 2011.Participants 536 969 AARP members aged 50-71 at baseline.Exposures Intake of total meat, processed and unprocessed red meat (beef, lamb, and pork) and white meat (poultry and fish), heme iron, and nitrate/nitrite from processed meat based on dietary questionnaire...
May 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28487278/red-and-processed-meat-and-human-and-planetary-health
#20
EDITORIAL
John D Potter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 9, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
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