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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784979/pervasive-introgression-facilitated-domestication-and-adaptation-in-the-bos-species-complex
#1
Dong-Dong Wu, Xiang-Dong Ding, Sheng Wang, Jan M Wójcik, Yi Zhang, Małgorzata Tokarska, Yan Li, Ming-Shan Wang, Omar Faruque, Rasmus Nielsen, Qin Zhang, Ya-Ping Zhang
Species of the Bos genus, including taurine cattle, zebu, gayal, gaur, banteng, yak, wisent and bison, have been domesticated at least four times and have been an important source of meat, milk and power for many human cultures. We sequence the genomes of gayal, gaur, banteng, wisent and bison, and provide population genomic sequencing of an additional 98 individuals. We use these data to determine the phylogeny and evolutionary history of these species and show that the threatened gayal is an independent species or subspecies...
May 21, 2018: Nature Ecology & Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#2
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771917/the-differentiation-of-preadipocytes-and-gene-expression-related-to-adipogenesis-in-ducks-anas-platyrhynchos
#3
Shasha Wang, Yang Zhang, Qi Xu, Xiaoya Yuan, Wangcheng Dai, Xiaokun Shen, Zhixiu Wang, Guobin Chang, Zhiquan Wang, Guohong Chen
Meat quality is closely related to adipose tissues in ducks, and adipogenesis is controlled by a complex network of transcription factors tightly acting at different stages of differentiation especially in ducks. The aim of this study was to establish the preadipocyte in vitro culture system and understand the biological characteristics of expansion of duck adipocyte tissue at the cellular and molecular level. We isolated pre-adipocytes from the subcutaneous fat of three breeds of duck and differentiated them into mature adipocytes using a mixture of insulin, rosiglitazone, dexamethasone, 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine, and oleic acid over 0,2, 4, 6, and 8 days...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768948/late-effect-of-the-food-consumption-on-colorectal-cancer-rate
#4
Maryam Ganjavi, Bahram Faraji
Studies have suggested that higher meat intake may increase colorectal cancer (CRC) risk while higher vegetable intake may reduce this risk. There is a substantial lag between the time of exposure to a risk factor (or protective factor) and incidence of cancer. For CRC, in particular, the time from formation of adenoma to occurrence of CRC takes from 10 to 15 years, or even more. This study correlates food disappearance data per capita for vegetable and meat with future age-adjusted CRC rates in USA. The lag weights, with a high confidence, showed that there is a positive correlation between the red meat availability and CRC age-adjusted incidence rates with a lag of at least 17 years and an Almon polynomial degree of 2...
May 17, 2018: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763272/colorectal-cancer-screening-and-prevention
#5
Thad Wilkins, Danielle McMechan, Asif Talukder
Colorectal cancer is a common cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States. Most colorectal cancers arise from preexisting adenomatous or serrated polyps. The incidence and mortality of colorectal cancer can be reduced with screening of average-risk adults 50 to 75 years of age. Randomized controlled trials show evidence of reduced colorectal cancer-specific mortality with guaiac-based fecal occult blood tests and flexible sigmoidoscopy. There are no randomized controlled trials on the effectiveness of colonoscopy to reduce colorectal cancer-specific mortality; however, several randomized controlled trials comparing colonoscopy with other strategies are in progress...
May 15, 2018: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762790/dietary-supplementation-with-clostridium-butyricum-modulates-serum-lipid-metabolism-meat-quality-and-the-amino-acid-and-fatty-acid-composition-of-peking-ducks
#6
Yanhan Liu, Yiyu Li, Xiancheng Feng, Zhong Wang, Zhaofei Xia
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of Clostridium butyricum (C. butyricum) on the performance, serum lipid metabolism, muscle morphology, meat quality, and fatty acid profiles of Peking ducks. A total of 1,500 Peking ducks were randomly divided into five groups with five replicates and were fed a non-antibiotic basal diet (Control) or a basal diet supplemented with either 200, 400, or 600 mg/kg of C. butyricum (2.0 × 109 CFU/g) or 150 mg of aureomycin/kg for 42 d. Compared with the control group, supplementation with C...
May 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762770/carcass-and-meat-quality-characterization-of-indigenous-and-improved-variety-of-chicken-genotypes
#7
Suresh K Devatkal, Mangalathu R Vishnuraj, Vivek V Kulkarni, Talapaneni Kotaiah
A study was conducted to examine four genotypes of chicken for their carcass and meat quality characteristics. From each genotype, 20 birds were slaughtered at their respective age of maturity. Breast and thigh muscles were evaluated for meat quality characteristics. Transport loss and carcass weight were highest in the white commercial broiler (WBR) and lowest in Aseel (ASL) and Indbro Aseel (ASR). Dressing percentage ranged between 66.41 and 72.56 and was not significantly different among genotypes. The yield of various cut-up parts for different genotypic birds was significantly different (P < 0...
May 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759553/the-role-of-heme-iron-molecules-derived-from-red-and-processed-meat-in-the-pathogenesis-of-colorectal-carcinoma
#8
REVIEW
S M K Gamage, Lakal Dissabandara, Alfred King-Yin Lam, Vinod Gopalan
Emerging evidence that heme iron in red meat is a risk factor for colorectal carcinogenesis is a topic that has received recent scrutiny. This review aims to summarise the mechanism of colorectal carcinogenesis by heme contained in red and processed meat. Heme iron can induce cytotoxicity by 'cytotoxic heme factor' and promote surface epithelial cell apoptosis and compensatory epithelial hyperplasia. Heme, induces peroxidation of lipids, leading to free radical formation and generation of DNA adducts in colorectal epithelial cells...
June 2018: Critical Reviews in Oncology/hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759108/a-western-dietary-pattern-is-prospectively-associated-with-cardio-metabolic-traits-and-incidence-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#9
Isabel Drake, Emily Sonestedt, Ulrika Ericson, Peter Wallström, Marju Orho-Melander
The aim of this study was to derive dietary patterns associated with cardio-metabolic traits and to examine whether these predict prospective changes in these traits and incidence of the metabolic syndrome (iMetS). Subjects from the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study cardiovascular cohort without cardio-metabolic disease and related drug treatments at baseline (n 4071; aged 45-67 years, 40 % men) were included. We applied reduced rank regression on thirty-eight foods to derive patterns that explain variation in response variables measured at baseline (waist circumference, TAG, HDL- and LDL-cholesterol, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, fasting glucose and insulin)...
May 2018: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756972/dietary-patterns-physical-activity-body-mass-index-weight-related-behaviours-and-their-interrelationship-among-romanian-university-students-trends-from-2003-to-2016
#10
Lucia Maria Lotrean, Ovidiu Stan, Lencu Codruta, Valeria Laza
INTRODUCTION: promotion of a healthy diet and involvement in physical activity among young people has an important impact on their actual and future lifestyle, health and well being. OBJECTIVES: this study investigates dietary patterns, physical activity, body mass index (BMI) and weight-related behaviours as well as their interrelationship among Romanian university students. METHODS: the study used anonymous questionnaires and was performed in Cluj-Napoca, Romania in 2003 (n = 320) and 2016 (n = 320)...
January 19, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753206/avoidable-colorectal-cancer-cases-in-denmark-the-impact-of-red-and-processed-meat
#11
Sofia Lourenço, Vibeke Berglund Gunge, Therese M-L Andersson, Camilla Liv Erthmann Andersen, Anne-Sofie Q Lund, Brian Køster, Gitte Laub Hansen
BACKGROUND: High red and processed meat intakes are associated with increased colorectal cancer (CRC) risk. The effect of eliminating or reducing red and processed meat consumption on CRC burden was not previously quantified in Denmark. The aim of this study was to calculate the possible effects of reductions in red and processed meat consumption on future CRC incidence in the Danish adult population. METHODS: Under six scenarios of prevalence exposure (meat consumption) the number of CRC cases in Denmark for a 30-year period (2016-2045) was estimated and compared to the projected number of CRCs if the prevalence of meat consumption remains constant...
May 9, 2018: Cancer Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752709/association-between-a-pro-plant-based-dietary-score-and-cancer-risk-in-the-prospective-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#12
Abou Kane-Diallo, Bernard Srour, Laury Sellem, Mélanie Deschasaux, Paule Latino-Martel, Serge Hercberg, Pilar Galan, Philippine Fassier, Françoise Guéraud, Fabrice H Pierre, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Benjamin Allès, Mathilde Touvier
Diverse plant products (e.g. fruits, vegetables, legumes) are associated with decreased cancer risk at several locations while red and processed meat were found to increase cancer risk. A pro plant-based dietary score reflecting the relative contribution of consumed plant vs animal products was developed, and was associated with lower overall mortality, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease risk, among omnivorous adults. For the first time, we investigated the prospective associations between this pro plant-based dietary score and cancer risk...
May 11, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29746880/development-and-validation-of-the-dietarian-identity-questionnaire-assessing-self-perceptions-of-animal-product-consumption
#13
Daniel L Rosenfeld, Anthony L Burrow
In navigating decisions about what to eat, people both construct and rely on a food-choice identity. Yet food choice is multifaceted, as people apply different dietary schemas to different types of food, engaging various domains of food-choice identity. In this paper, we focus on dietarian identity: one's thoughts, feelings, and behaviors with respect to consuming or eschewing animal products (here, pertaining to red meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy). First, we draw upon Rosenfeld and Burrow's (2017a) Unified Model of Vegetarian Identity in order to develop a Dietarian Identity Questionnaire (DIQ)...
May 7, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744955/the-effect-of-high-pre-slaughter-environmental-temperature-on-meat-quality-traits-of-italian-autochthonous-pig-suino-nero-lucano
#14
Amalia Simonetti, Annamaria Perna, Roberto Giudice, Angelo Cappuccio, Emilio Gambacorta
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of high pre-slaughter environmental temperature on meat (Longissimus lumborum muscle) quality traits of Italian autochthonous pigs Suino Nero Lucano (SNL). High pre-slaughter environmental temperature influenced the meat quality of autochthonous pigs. In particular, the meat from SNL pigs exposed to heat stress (H) showed significantly lower pH values at 24 and 48 hr post mortem, haem iron content and redness (a*) value, and a significantly higher shear force, drip loss and lightness (L*) values, compared to meat from SNL pigs reared under comfortable environmental temperature (C)...
May 9, 2018: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29742492/integrated-analysis-of-mirna-and-genes-associated-with-meat-quality-reveals-that-gga-mir-140-5p-affects-intramuscular-fat-deposition-in-chickens
#15
Meng Zhang, Dong-Hua Li, Fang Li, Jun-Wei Sun, Rui-Rui Jiang, Zhuan-Jian Li, Rui-Li Han, Guo-Xi Li, Xiao-Jun Liu, Xiang-Tao Kang, Gui-Rong Sun
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Poultry meat quality is affected by many factors, among which intramuscular fat (IMF) is predominant. IMF content affects the tenderness, juiciness, and favor of chicken. An increasing number of studies are focusing on the functions of microRNAs (miRNAs) during the adipogenic process. However, little is known about miRNAs associated with poultry IMF deposition, especially intramuscular adipocyte differentiation. METHODS: The IMF content of two physiological stages was measured, and miRNA-Seq and RNA-Seq data were integrated and analyzed...
May 4, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29739996/sika-deer-cervus-nippon-specific-real-time-pcr-method-to-detect-fraudulent-labelling-of-meat-and-meat-products
#16
Maria Kaltenbrunner, Rupert Hochegger, Margit Cichna-Markl
Since game meat is more valuable and expensive than meat from domesticated animal species it is a potential target for adulteration. Analytical methods must allow the identification and quantification of meat species to be applicable for the detection of fraudulent labelling. We developed a real-time PCR assay for the authentication of sika deer (Cervus nippon) and products thereof. The primer/probe system amplifies a 71 bp fragment of the kappa-casein precursor gene. Since the target sequence contained only one sika deer-specific base, we introduced a deliberate base mismatch in the forward primer...
May 8, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738346/red-meat-consumption-and-serum-lipids-and-fatty-acids-in-toddlers-secondary-outcomes-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Ewa A Szymlek-Gay, Andrew R Gray, Anne-Louise M Heath, Elaine L Ferguson, C Murray Skeaff
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects of promoting increased lean red meat consumption on serum concentrations of total and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol, and serum fatty acid composition, among toddlers. METHODS: In a 20-wk randomized controlled trial healthy 12-20-mo-old children were assigned to: Red Meat (n = 90; parents were encouraged to add 56 g/d of lean red meat to their toddler's usual diet), or Control (n = 90) groups. Food and nutrient intakes were assessed with 3-d weighed food records (baseline, wk 4, and wk 20)...
May 5, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734611/application-of-a-weight-of-evidence-approach-to-evaluating-risks-associated-with-subsistence-caribou-consumption-near-a-lead-zinc-mine
#18
Michael R Garry, Scott S Shock, Johanna Salatas, Jim Dau
Overland transport of ore concentrate from the Red Dog lead/zinc mine in northwest Alaska to its seaport has historically raised concerns among local subsistence users regarding the potential impacts of fugitive dust from the operation, including the potential uptake of metals into caribou meat. Caribou are an integral part of life for northern Alaska Natives for both subsistence and cultural reasons. The Western Arctic caribou herd, whose range includes the Red Dog mine, transportation corridor, and port site, sometimes overwinter in the vicinity of mine operations...
April 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725498/characterization-of-portuguese-centenarian-eating-habits-nutritional-biomarkers-and-cardiovascular-risk-a-case-control-study
#19
A Pereira da Silva, A Valente, C Chaves, A Matos, A Gil, A C Santos, J P Gorjão-Clara, M Bicho
Background and Aims: Eating habits may contribute to longevity. We characterized the eating habits and cardiovascular risk (CVR) biomarkers in Portuguese centenarians (CENT) compared to controls. Methods and Results: Centenarians ( n = 253), 100.26 ± 1.98 years, were compared with 268 controls (67.51 ± 3.25), low (LCR) and high (HCR) CVR (QRISK®2-2016). Anthropometric and body composition were evaluated by bioimpedance. Abdominal obesity, BMI, and fat mass (FM) cut-offs were according to the WHO...
2018: Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725070/red-meat-poultry-and-egg-consumption-with-the-risk-of-hypertension-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-studies
#20
Yi Zhang, Dian-Zhong Zhang
The objective of this study was to examine the associations of red meat, poultry, and egg consumption with the risk of hypertension (HTN). The electronic databases of PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase were searched up to August 2017, for prospective cohort studies on the associations between red meat, poultry, or egg consumption with the risk of HTN. The pooled relative risk (RR) of HTN for the highest vs. lowest category of red meat, poultry, and egg consumption as well as their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated...
May 4, 2018: Journal of Human Hypertension
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