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Red meat

Hege Berg Henriksen, Monica Hauger Carlsen, Ingvild Paur, Sveinung Berntsen, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn, Anne Juul Skjetne, Ane Sørlie Kværner, Christine Henriksen, Lene Frost Andersen, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff
Background: The Norwegian food-based dietary guidelines (FBDG) aim at reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases and promote overall health. We studied the effect of the Norwegian FBDG in colorectal cancer (CRC) patients. There is a need for a time-efficient dietary assessment tool measuring adherence to these guidelines in patients treated for dietary dependent cancer, such as CRC patients. Objective: To evaluate a new short food frequency questionnaire (NORDIET-FFQ), developed to estimate adherence to the Norwegian FBDG among CRC patients...
2018: Food & Nutrition Research
Shan-Xuan Lim, Jia-Ying Toh, Linde van Lee, Wee-Meng Han, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Joanna Kaluza, Holly Harris, Anders Linden, Alicja Wolk
PURPOSE: Limited studies have examined red meat consumption in relation to risk of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and none have examined the impact of long-term diet on COPD risk. We sought to investigate the association between long-term red meat consumption and risk of COPD. METHODS: The population-based prospective Swedish Mammography Cohort included 34,053 women, aged 48-83 years, followed for the current analyses from 2002 to 2014. Unprocessed and processed red meat consumption was assessed with a self-administered questionnaire in 1987 and 1997...
March 12, 2018: European Journal of Nutrition
Kali G Makedou, Eleni Vagdatli, Evangelia Patziarela, Vasiliki Konstantinidou, Eirini Poimenidou, Evgenia Lymperaki
BACKGROUND: Orthodox Christian believers fast abstaining from meat, eggs, dairy products or even fish and oil in certain days of the fasting period, three times a year. AIM: The present study aimed to investigate the impact of a 48-day fast before Easter in blood count parameters, coagulation and antioxidant status. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 35 healthy volunteers, 19-66 years old, were included in the study. White blood cells (WBC), lymphocytes (Lymph), granulocytes (Gran), haemoglobin (Hb), hematocrit (Ht), red blood cells (RBC), mean erythrocyte volume (MCV), platelets (Plt), were measured...
February 15, 2018: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Kana Wu, Yang Hu, Yanping Li, Walter C Willett, David M Eisenberg, Frank B Hu, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVE: To examine open-flame and/or high-temperature cooking (grilling/barbecuing, broiling, or roasting) and doneness preferences (rare, medium, or well done) for red meat, chicken, and fish in relation to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among U.S. adults who consumed animal flesh regularly (≥2 servings/week). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: The prospective studies included 52,752 women from the Nurses' Health Study (NHS, followed during 1996-2012), 60,809 women from NHS II (followed during 2001-2013), and 24,679 men from the Health Professionals Follow-up Study (HPFS, followed during 1996-2012) who were free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline...
March 12, 2018: Diabetes Care
Jannike Øyen, Ingrid Kvestad, Lisa Kolden Midtbø, Ingvild Eide Graff, Mari Hysing, Kjell Morten Stormark, Maria Wik Markhus, Valborg Baste, Livar Frøyland, Berthold Koletzko, Hans Demmelmair, Lisbeth Dahl, Øyvind Lie, Marian Kjellevold
BACKGROUND: Marine resources including fatty fish are important sources of n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LC-PUFAs), which are important for brain development. To our knowledge, this is the first randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating the impact of fatty fish on cognition in preschool children. The purpose of the trial was to investigate whether an increased intake of fatty fish compared to meat improves cognitive function in children 4-6 years old. METHODS: The children (n = 232) in this two-armed RCT, Fish Intervention Studies-KIDS (FINS-KIDS) were recruited from 13 kindergartens in Bergen, Norway...
March 12, 2018: BMC Medicine
Diego Rada-Fernandez de Jauregui, Charlotte E L Evans, Petra Jones, Darren C Greenwood, Neil Hancock, Janet E Cade
Few prospective cohort studies in the UK have specifically focused on the associations between commonly consumed dietary patterns and colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this study was to assess whether red meat, poultry, fish and vegetarian dietary patterns are associated with differences in the incidence of cancers of colon and rectum in the UKWCS. Four common dietary patterns were defined based on a hierarchy of consumption of red meat, poultry, and fish for each cohort participant, using a 217-item food frequency questionnaire...
March 8, 2018: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Maria Fotiou, Charalambos Fotakis, Foteini Tsakoumaki, Elpiniki Athanasiadou, Charikleia Kyrkou, Aristea Dimitropoulou, Thalia Tsiaka, Anastasia Chrysovalantou Chatziioannou, Kosmas Sarafidis, George Menexes, Georgios Theodoridis, Costas G Biliaderis, Panagiotis Zoumpoulakis, Apostolos P Athanasiadis, Alexandra-Maria Michaelidou
Maternal diet may influence offspring's health, even within well-nourished populations. Amniotic fluid (AF) provides a rational compartment for studies on fetal metabolism. Evidence in animal models indicates that maternal diet affects AF metabolic profile; however, data from human studies are scarce. Therefore, we have explored whether AF content may be influenced by maternal diet, using a validated food-frequency questionnaire and implementing NMR-based metabolomics. Sixty-five AF specimens, from women undergoing second-trimester amniocentesis for prenatal diagnosis, were analysed...
March 6, 2018: Scientific Reports
Muhammad A Saeed, Mohammed H Rashid, Jane Vaughan, Abdul Jabbar
Members of the genus Sarcocystis (Apicomplexa: Sarcocystidae) are intracellular protozoan parasites that infect a wide range of domestic and wild animals, resulting in economic losses in production animals worldwide. Sarcocystis spp. have indirect life-cycles where canids and felids serve as main definitive hosts while a range of domestic and wild animals serve as intermediate hosts, including South American camelids (SACs) such as alpacas, llamas and guanacos. These animals primarily occur in South American countries on Andean, elevated plains but in recent years, alpacas and llamas have become emerging animal industries in other parts of the world such as Australia, Europe and the USA due to their high-quality fiber, meat and hides...
March 6, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Lisa Daniels, Sheila M Williams, Rosalind S Gibson, Rachael W Taylor, Samir Samman, Anne-Louise M Heath
Suboptimal zinc status is common in very young children and likely associated with increased risk of infection and detrimental effects on growth. No studies have determined potentially modifiable "predictors" of zinc status in toddlers from high-income countries. This cross-sectional analysis of 115 toddlers from the Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS) study used weighed diet records (three non-consecutive days) to assess dietary intake, and a venous blood sample (trace-element free techniques) to assess plasma zinc, at 12 months of age...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
Kathryn C Fitzgerald, Tuula Tyry, Amber Salter, Stacey S Cofield, Gary Cutter, Robert J Fox, Ruth Ann Marrie
INTRODUCTION: Dietary approaches to management of MS has been proposed for several decades, yet very little is known concerning dietary composition or adherence to specialized diets in people with multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We conducted a survey of participants in the North American Research Committee on MS (NARCOMS) registry assessing diet composition and the prevalence of 19 different diets. We characterized prevalence of different diets and compared diet composition with estimated intakes from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) survey respondents and across demographics and MS clinical characteristics...
February 27, 2018: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
Jonathan R Brestoff, Merih T Tesfazghi, Mark A Zaydman, Ronald Jackups, Brian S Kim, Mitchell G Scott, Ann M Gronowski, Brenda J Grossman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 21, 2018: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
S Tanvir, S Sajjad, R Roshan
OBJECTIVES: To assess the level of awareness in population about cardiac diseases prevention and suggestion of recommendations. STUDY DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional survey was carried out in Rawalpindi Cantonment in Oct 2016. METHODS: 100 respondents were selected through convenience sampling. Data was collected through questionnaire. RESULTS: Results indicated low levels of awareness as only 30% of the population knew that cardiac diseases can be prevented to certain extent by lifestyle changes...
March 2, 2018: Public Health
Michael S DiSiena, John W Birk
Our understanding of diverticular disease has evolved significantly during the last 25 years, and as such, a reexamination is in order. We performed a literature search for the years 1960-2017 of PubMed, Medline, and Google Scholar for updates regarding the epidemiology, risk factors, and therapies for traditional diverticulitis as well as the recently described subtypes of diverticular disease, segmental colitis associated with diverticulosis, and symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease. Although the prevalence of diverticulosis is still extremely common in the general population, the literature suggests that the incidence of diverticulitis is much less than previously believed and occurrences do not necessarily increase with age...
March 2018: Southern Medical Journal
Hulya Yalcintan, Bulent Ekiz, Mustafa Ozcan
The aim of the study was to compare the certain carcass and meat quality traits and also fatty acid composition of goat kids from indigenous breeds (Gokceada and Hair Goat) and dairy breeds (Saanen and Maltese). A total 40 male kids from Saanen, Gokceada, Maltese and Hair Goat breeds were collected from commercial farms after weaning. Kids were finished for 56 days with grower concentrate and alfalfa hay in the sheepfold until slaughter. Higher mean values were found for Saanen kids in terms of slaughter weight, hot carcass weight and real dressing compared with Maltese, Hair Goat and Gokceada kids under the same intensive conditions...
March 3, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Pan Pan, Jianhua Yu, Li-Shu Wang
A higher incidence of colorectal cancer (CRC) is observed in Oceania and Europe, whereas Africa and Asia have a lower incidence. CRC is largely preventable by adapting a healthy lifestyle, such as healthy diet, adequate physical activity, and avoiding obesity. This review summarizes the latest work available, mainly epidemiologic studies, to examine the relationship between diet and CRC. Higher intake of red/processed meat could increase the CRC risk, whereas fibers, especially from whole grains and cereals, as well as fruit and vegetables may decrease the CRC risk...
April 2018: Surgical Oncology Clinics of North America
Sophia Rasheeqa Ismail, Siti Khuzaimah Maarof, Syazwani Siedar Ali, Azizan Ali
BACKGROUND: The high amount of saturated fatty acids (SFA) coupled with the rising availability and consumption of palm oil have lead to the assumption that palm oil contributes to the increased prevalence of cardiovascular diseases worldwide. We aimed at systematically synthesising the association of palm oil consumption with cardiovascular disease risk and cardiovascular disease-specific mortality. METHODS: We systematically searched Central, Medline and Embase databases up to June 2017 without restriction on setting or language...
2018: PloS One
Marek Lisiecki, Maciej Paszkowski, Sławomir Woźniak
Uterine fibroids (also known as leiomyomas or myomas) are the most common benign tumors affecting reproductive organs in women. They are monoclonal tumors of the uterine smooth muscle, which spring from myometrium. It is estimated that they occur in 50-60% of the female population and rise to 70% by the age of 50. While mostly asymptomatic, myomas can be connected with several conditions, including abnormal bleeding with subsequent anemia, pelvic masses, pelvic pain, bulk symptoms, unfavorable impact on fertility and obstetric complications...
December 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
C Abreu, B Bartolomé, L Cunha, H Falcão
Allergies to red meat associated with galactose-α-1,3-galactose, commonly known as α-gal, are rare and have only recently been described. At this time, the literature reports only one case documented in Portugal. In this study, we report the case of a 76-year-old male with an immediate reaction following the ingestion of red meat. Rigorous diagnostic exams, including prick test, prick-to-prick tests, serum specific IgE and SDS-PAGE IgE-immunoblotting, were performed. The α-gal epitope IgE re-turned a value of 35...
January 15, 2018: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Vanessa Erben, Prudence R Carr, Bernd Holleczek, Christa Stegmaier, Michael Hoffmeister, Hermann Brenner
Specific components of the diet such as red and processed meat have been associated with the risk of developing colorectal cancer. However, evidence on the association of dietary patterns with colorectal neoplasms is sparse. The aim of this study was to analyze the association of dietary patterns with prevalence of advanced colorectal neoplasms among older adults in Germany. A cross-sectional study was conducted among participants of screening colonoscopy in Saarland, Germany, who were enrolled in the KolosSal study (Effektivität der Früherkennungs-Koloskopie: eine Saarland-weite Studie) from 2005 to 2013...
February 22, 2018: Preventive Medicine
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