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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807068/secular-trends-in-dietary-patterns-of-young-children-in-brazil-from-1996-to-2006
#1
Ana Elisa Madalena Rinaldi, Wolney Lisboa Conde
OBJECTIVE: To describe dietary patterns (DP) from 1996 to 2006 and in the first 5 years of life and to explore individual and contextual characteristics associated with each DP. DESIGN: DP were defined by principal component analysis. The association between DP and individual (sociodemographic, maternal and child) and contextual (geographic regional and year) characteristics was analysed by multilevel analysis. SETTING: Two complex probabilistic Brazilian Demographic and Health Surveys (BDHS 1996, 2006)...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805916/the-reduction-of-starch-in-finishing-diets-supplemented-with-oil-does-not-prevent-the-accumulation-of-trans-10-18-1-in-lamb-meat
#2
M Costa, S P Alves, A Francisco, J Almeida, C M Alfaia, S V Martins, J A M Prates, J Santos-Silva, O Doran, R J B Bessa
The experiment was conducted to test the hypothesis that the replacement of cereal with low-starch feed ingredients in lambs' finishing diets supplemented with oils could prevent the accumulation of -10-18:1 in meat. Forty lambs were fed 1 of 4 diets supplemented with soybean oil (5.9%) and fish oil (1%) for 6 wk before slaughter. The control (CON) diet contained 43% barley, and in the other diets, barley was completely replaced by dehydrated citrus pulp (DCP), dehydrated sugar beet pulp (DBP), or soybean hulls (SH)...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28805895/genetic-parameters-of-carcass-and-meat-quality-traits-in-different-muscles-longissimus-dorsi-and-semimembranosus-of-hanwoo-korean-cattle
#3
M S A Bhuiyan, H J Kim, D H Lee, S H Lee, S H Cho, B S Yang, S D Kim, S H Lee
We estimated heritability () and genetic and phenotypic correlations for carcass and meat quality traits of longissimus dorsi (LD) and semimembranosus (SM) muscles in 30-mo-old Hanwoo steers. Variance and covariance components were estimated using REML procedures under univariate and bivariate models. The mean carcass weight (CWT), eye muscle area (EMA), back fat thickness (BFT), and marbling score (MS) were 428.20 ± 46.30 kg, 87.38 ± 8.54 cm2, 13.00 ± 5.14 mm, and 5.21 ± 1.56, respectively. The mean CIE reflectance of meat lightness (L*), redness (a*), and yellowness (b*) were 40...
August 2017: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28804436/intake-of-different-types-of-red-meat-poultry-and-fish-and-incident-colorectal-cancer-in-women-and-men-results-from-the-malm%C3%A3-diet-and-cancer-study
#4
Alexandra Vulcan, Jonas Manjer, Ulrika Ericson, Bodil Ohlsson
Background : Colorectal cancer (CRC) is considered one of the most common forms of cancer in the Western world. High intake of red and processed meat is considered to increase CRC development. Objective : This study examined associations between intake of red meats, poultry, and fish and incident CRC, and if weight status modifies the associations. Design : In the Malmö Diet and Cancer Study, dietary data was collected through a modified diet history method. Via the Swedish Cancer Registry, 728 cases of CRC were identified during 428 924 person-years of follow-up of 16 944 women and 10 987 men...
2017: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798944/diet-alcohol-use-and-colorectal-cancer-screening-among-black-church-goers
#5
Nga T Nguyen, Elaine J Savoy, Lorraine R Reitzel, Minh-Anh H Nguyen, David W Wetter, Jacqueline Reese-Smith, Lorna H McNeill
OBJECTIVES: Interventions for colorectal cancer (CRC) prevention among black adults are needed. Connections between CRC screening non-adherence and other health risk behaviors may inform intervention development. METHODS: Associations between red meat (RM) and fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption, at-risk alcohol use, and CRC ever-screening were examined using adjusted logistic regressions among 520 church-going black adults in Houston, Texas, aged >50. RESULTS: In the final adjusted model, being younger, uninsured, eating more RM and engaging in at-risk alcohol use were associated with lower likelihood of CRC ever-screening...
March 2017: Health Behavior and Policy Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792013/a-summary-of-meat-intakes-and-health-burdens
#6
REVIEW
C S C Yip, W Lam, R Fielding
This review summarizes published meta-analysis outcomes on the associations between meat intakes and burden of diseases. A novel assessment process was developed, combining selected Cochrane Review measures, AMSTAR checklist, and other quality measures identified by authors during preliminary phases of the review process. Meat intakes have been found to be statistically significant associated with 21 burden of diseases. A total of 37 risk-outcome best dose-response estimations were identified, all were positively associated, and 21 of them with low to moderate, or insignificant heterogeneity...
August 9, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783608/the-effect-of-applying-a-rinse-and-chill-procedure-to-lamb-carcases-immediately-post-death-on-meat-quality
#7
S M Fowler, J M Claus, D L Hopkins
The current study examined the effect of vascular rinsing lamb carcases (Rinse & Chill®) with a commercially available isotonic substrate solution (98.5% water; balance: glucose, polyphosphates, and maltose) at 14°C. Thirty, lamb carcases were randomly allocated to receive either the solution (n=15) 25 min post slaughter on a slaughter line or no solution (n=15). There was no apparent effect on the rate of pH decline due to infusion or muscle shortening of the M. longissimus thoracis et lumborum (LL), but there was a more than 50% reduction in toughness (lower shear force) of the LL due to infusion...
July 22, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771560/comparative-genome-wide-methylation-analysis-of-longissimus-dorsi-muscles-between-japanese-black-wagyu-and-chinese-red-steppes-cattle
#8
Xibi Fang, Zhihui Zhao, Haibin Yu, Guangpeng Li, Ping Jiang, Yuwei Yang, Runjun Yang, Xianzhong Yu
DNA methylation is an important epigenetic mechanism involved in expression of genes in many biological processes including muscle growth and development. Its effects on economically important traits are evinced from reported significant differences in meat quality traits between Japanese black (Wagyu) and Chinese Red Steppes cattle, thus presenting a unique model for analyzing the effects of DNA methylation on these traits. In the present study, we performed whole genome DNA methylation analysis in the two breeds by whole genome bisulfite sequencing (WGBS)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768296/dietary-pattern-and-colonic-diverticulosis
#9
Antonio Tursi
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To assess the role of dietary pattern on the occurrence of colonic diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis. RECENT FINDINGS: High-fiber diet does not prevent diverticulosis occurrence, and results about prevention/treatment of diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis are still conflicting.No association was seen between nut, corn or popcorn consumption and occurrence of diverticulosis, diverticular disease and acute diverticulitis...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767487/the-strong-heart-study-adding-biological-plausibility-to-the-red-meat-cardiovascular-disease-association
#10
José R Banegas, Fernando Rodríguez-Artalejo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760943/individual-and-combined-effects-of-dietary-factors-on-risk-of-incident-hypertension-prospective-analysis-from-the-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-cohort
#11
Helene Lelong, Jacques Blacher, Julia Baudry, Solia Adriouch, Pilar Galan, Leopold Fezeu, Serge Hercberg, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot
Dietary intake is pointed as one of the major determinants in hypertension development. Data in the area are mostly obtained from cross-sectional studies. We aimed to investigate the prospective association between (1) individual nutritional factors and (2) adherence to the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension and the risk of incident hypertension in a large cohort study. We prospectively examined the incidence of hypertension among 80 426 French adults participating in the NutriNet-Santé cohort study. Self-reported sociodemographic, lifestyle health questionnaires and dietary consumption assessed by three 24-hour records were completed at baseline and yearly thereafter...
July 31, 2017: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755952/are-humans-prone-to-autoimmunity-implications-from-evolutionary-changes-in-hominin-sialic-acid-biology
#12
REVIEW
Ajit Varki
Given varied intrinsic and extrinsic challenges to the immune system, it is unsurprising that each evolutionary lineage evolves distinctive features of immunoreactivity, and that tolerance mechanisms fail, allowing autoimmunity. Humans appear prone to many autoimmune diseases, with mechanisms both genetic and environmental. Another rapidly evolving biological system involves sialic acids, a family of monosaccharides that are terminal caps on cell surface and secreted molecules of vertebrates, and play multifarious roles in immunity...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755411/associations-of-current-diet-with-plasma-and-urine-tmao-in-the-karmen-study-direct-and-indirect-contributions
#13
Ralf Krüger, Benedikt Merz, Manuela J Rist, Paola G Ferrario, Achim Bub, Sabine E Kulling, Bernhard Watzl
SCOPE: Knowledge on the influence of current diet on TMAO levels in humans is still inconsistent. Thus, we aimed to investigate associations of current diet with urine and plasma TMAO levels and to determine the effect of different foods on TMAO variation. METHODS AND RESULTS: TMAO concentrations of 297 healthy individuals were assessed using (1) H-NMR spectroscopy for 24h urine collection and spot urine, and LC-MS for plasma. Of 35 assessed food groups, those with a correlation of ρ >|0...
July 29, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754955/isotopic-analyses-suggest-mammoth-and-plant-in-the-diet-of-the-oldest-anatomically-modern-humans-from-far-southeast-europe
#14
Dorothée G Drucker, Yuichi I Naito, Stéphane Péan, Sandrine Prat, Laurent Crépin, Yoshito Chikaraishi, Naohiko Ohkouchi, Simon Puaud, Martina Lázničková-Galetová, Marylène Patou-Mathis, Aleksandr Yanevich, Hervé Bocherens
Relatively high (15)N abundances in bone collagen of early anatomically modern humans in Europe have often been interpreted as a specific consumption of freshwater resources, even if mammoth is an alternative high (15)N prey. At Buran-Kaya III, access to associated fauna in a secured archaeological context and application of recently developed isotopic analyses of individuals amino acids offer the opportunity to further examine this hypothesis. The site of Buran-Kaya III is located in south Crimea and has provided a rich archaeological sequence including two Upper Palaeolithic layers, from which human fossils were retrieved and directly dated as from 37...
July 28, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752723/red-meat-allergy-induced-by-tick-bites-a-norwegian-case-report
#15
G Arslan Lied
Food allergies, especially delayed hypersensitivity reactions, are often challenging for both patients and clinicians. Here, we report the case of a 64-year-old man who had allergic reactions six hours after eating a meal containing red meat. He reported that he had several tick bites in months before the reaction. High serum specific IgE levels of alpha-gal confirmed the diagnosis of alpha-gal allergic reaction with delayed onset after red meat ingestion caused by tick bite.
July 2017: European Annals of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750333/mexican-consumers-at-the-point-of-meat-purchase-beef-choice
#16
T M Ngapo, D Braña Varela, M S Rubio Lozano
Within-consumer preference replication achieved through systematic image manipulation was used in consumer surveys in four cities across Mexico (Mexico City, n=195; Guadalajara, n=100; Hermosillo, n=132; Veracruz, n=61) to study beef preferences. Images of beef steaks controlled for lean and fat colour, fat cover and marbling were presented to consumers to determine the characteristics used in beef choice and the levels of preference of these characteristics. The most important choice criteria were fat cover (62% preferring little fat cover) and marbling (59% preferring non-marbled)...
July 18, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747828/effect-of-swiss-chard-beta-vulgaris-var-cicla-as-nitrite-replacement-on-color-stability-and-shelf-life-of-cooked-pork-patties-during-refrigerated-storage
#17
Dong-Min Shin, Ko-Eun Hwang, Cheol-Won Lee, Tae-Kyung Kim, Yoo-Sun Park, Sung Gu Han
In this study, the effects of pre-converted nitrite from Swiss chard powder (PS) on the color stability and shelf-life of cooked pork patties during refrigerated storage for 28 d were investigated. Nitrite was added at a concentration of approximately 120 ppm. Five treatments were formulated as follows: Control (120 ppm nitrite), T1 (2% PS), T2 (2% pre-converted nitrite from celery powder; PC), T3 (1% PS + 60 ppm nitrite), and NC (nitrite-free). The T1 and T3 samples had higher nitrosoheme pigment contents, which were associated with the redness of the samples (p<0...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747820/physicochemical-properties-of-meat-batter-added-with-edible-silkworm-pupae-bombyx-mori-and-transglutaminase
#18
Yoo-Sun Park, Yun-Sang Choi, Ko-Eun Hwang, Tae-Kyung Kim, Cheol-Won Lee, Dong-Min Shin, Sung Gu Han
This study was conducted to investigate the physicochemical properties of meat batters prepared with fresh pork meat, back fat, water, and salt and formulated with three different amounts (5%, 10%, and 15%) of silkworm pupae (Bombyx mori) powder and transglutaminase (TG). Meat batters formulated with silkworm pupae powder showed significantly higher contents of protein and ash than control batter. Addition of silkworm pupae to batter also showed significantly lower cooking loss than the control. Moreover, meat batter containing 15% silkworm pupae showed no significant difference in redness value compared to the control...
2017: Korean Journal for Food Science of Animal Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28745644/profiling-anti-neu5gc-igg-in-human-sera-with-a-sialoglycan-microarray-assay
#19
Shani Leviatan Ben-Arye, Hai Yu, Xi Chen, Vered Padler-Karavani
Cells are covered with a cloak of carbohydrate chains (glycans) that is commonly altered in cancer and that includes variations in sialic acid (Sia) expression. These are acidic sugars that have a 9-carbon backbone and that cap vertebrate glycans on cell surfaces. Two of the major Sia forms in mammals are N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) and its hydroxylated form, N-glycolylneuraminic acid (Neu5Gc). Humans cannot produce endogenous Neu5Gc due to the inactivation of the gene encoding cytidine 5'monophosphate-Neu5Ac (CMP-Neu5Ac) hydroxylase (CMAH)...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Visualized Experiments: JoVE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741383/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-metabolic-syndrome-in-brca-mutation-carriers
#20
Eleonora Bruno, Siranoush Manoukian, Elisabetta Venturelli, Andreina Oliverio, Francesca Rovera, Giovanna Iula, Daniele Morelli, Bernard Peissel, Jacopo Azzolini, Eliana Roveda, Patrizia Pasanisi
BACKGROUND: Insulin resistance is associated with higher breast cancer (BC) penetrance in BRCA mutation carriers. Metabolic syndrome (MetS), an insulin resistance syndrome, can be reversed by adhering to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet). In a dietary intervention trial on BRCA mutation carriers, we evaluated adherence to the MedDiet, and the association with the MetS, by analyzing data from the Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS). METHODS: BRCA mutation carriers, with or without BC, aged 18 to 70 years, were eligible for the trial...
July 1, 2017: Integrative Cancer Therapies
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