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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646407/associations-of-red-and-processed-meat-intake-with-major-molecular-pathological-features-of-colorectal-cancer
#1
Prudence R Carr, Lina Jansen, Stefanie Bienert, Wilfried Roth, Esther Herpel, Matthias Kloor, Hendrik Bläker, Jenny Chang-Claude, Hermann Brenner, Michael Hoffmeister
Red and processed meat is an established risk factor for colorectal cancer (CRC). However, exact mechanisms to explain the associations remain unclear. Few studies have investigated the association with CRC by molecular tumor features, which could provide relevant information on associated molecular pathways. In this population-based case-control study from Germany (DACHS), 2449 cases and 2479 controls provided information on risk factors of CRC and completed a food frequency questionnaire. Multivariable logistic regression was used to estimate odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) for the associations between meat intake and risk of CRC by molecular pathologic features and specific subtypes...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637384/long-term-effects-of-high-protein-diets-on-renal-function
#2
Anne-Lise Kamper, Svend Strandgaard
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has a prevalence of approximately 13% and is most frequently caused by diabetes and hypertension. In population studies, CKD etiology is often uncertain. Some experimental and observational human studies have suggested that high-protein intake may increase CKD progression and even cause CKD in healthy people. The protein source may be important. Daily red meat consumption over years may increase CKD risk, whereas white meat and dairy proteins appear to have no such effect, and fruit and vegetable proteins may be renal protective...
June 21, 2017: Annual Review of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636646/variation-in-hunting-behaviour-in-neighbouring-chimpanzee-communities-in-the-budongo-forest-uganda
#3
Catherine Hobaiter, Liran Samuni, Caroline Mullins, Walter John Akankwasa, Klaus Zuberbühler
Hunting and sharing of meat is seen across all chimpanzee sites, with variation in prey preferences, hunting techniques, frequencies, and success rates. Here, we compared hunting and meat-eating behaviour in two adjacent chimpanzee communities (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Budongo Forest, Uganda: the Waibira and Sonso communities. We observed consistent between-group differences in prey-species preferences and in post-hunting behaviour. Sonso chimpanzees show a strong prey preference for Guereza colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza occidentalis; 74...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636536/intake-of-red-and-processed-meat-and-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#4
Shaojing Zhang, Qingwei Wang, Juanjuan He
BACKGROUND: Findings on the association between intake of red and processed meat with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk are mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate this association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible studies up to August 31, 2016, were identified and retrieved by searching the MEDLINE and Embase databases along with manual review of the reference lists from the retrieved studies. The quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634112/concentrations-of-environmental-organic-contaminants-in-meat-and-meat-products-and-human-dietary-exposure-a-review
#5
REVIEW
José L Domingo
Meat and meat products is one of the most relevant food groups in an important number of human diets. Recently, the IARC, based on results of a number of epidemiological studies, classified the consumptions of red meat and processed meat as "probably carcinogenic to humans" and as "carcinogenic to humans", respectively. It was suggested that the substances responsible of the potential carcinogenicity would be mainly generated during meat processing, such as curing and smoking, or when meat is heated at high temperatures...
June 17, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628401/dietary-red-and-processed-meat-intake-and-markers-of-adiposity-and-inflammation-the-multiethnic-cohort-study
#6
Weiwen Chai, Yukiko Morimoto, Robert V Cooney, Adrian A Franke, Yurii B Shvetsov, Loïc Le Marchand, Christopher A Haiman, Laurence N Kolonel, Marc T Goodman, Gertraud Maskarinec
OBJECTIVE: The potential influence of dietary factors on inflammation is important for cancer prevention. Utilizing data from control participants (312 men, 911 women) in 2 nested case-control studies of cancer within the Multiethnic Cohort, we examined the associations of red and processed meat intake with serum levels of leptin, adiponectin, C-reactive protein (CRP), tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, and interleukin (IL)-6 and the mediator effect of body mass index (BMI) on the above associations (if present)...
June 19, 2017: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#7
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626069/how-many-deaths-from-colorectal-cancer-can-be-prevented-by-2030-a-scenario-based-quantification-of-risk-factor-modification-screening-and-treatment-in-norway
#8
Katrine Damgaard Skyrud, Tor Age Myklebust, Freddie Bray, Morten Tandberg Eriksen, Thomas de Lange, Inger Kristin Larsen, Bjørn Møller
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality can be reduced through risk factor modification (adherence to lifestyle recommendations), screening, and improved treatment. This study estimated the potential of these three strategies to modify CRC mortality rates in Norway. METHODS: The potential reduction in CRC mortality due to risk factor modification was estimated using the software Prevent, assuming that 50% of the population in Norway-who do not adhere to the various recommendations concerning prevention of smoking, physical activity, body weight, and intake of alcohol, red/processed meat, and fiber-started to follow the recommendations...
June 16, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612567/-consumptions-of-meat-dietary-fat-and-fatty-acids-and-prevalence-of-overweight-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-a-cross-sectional-survey-in-chengdu
#9
Yu-Xin Bao, Ruo-Nan Duan, Ming-Zhe Yang, Yan-Rong Chen, Guo Tian, Jiao Luo, Guo Cheng
OBJECTIVES: To determine the prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents aged 7-15 years in Longquanyi District of Chengdu and its association with consumptions of meat, dietary fat and fatty-acids. METHODS: A total of 1 811 children and adolescents aged 7-15 years in Longquanyi District were selected using stratified cluster sampling strategy. Their body mass, height and waist circumference were measured. The prevalence of overweight/obesity was estimated based on body mass index (BMI), body mass index standard deviation score (BMI SDS), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
January 2017: Sichuan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Sichuan University. Medical Science Edition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611054/cooking-methods-for-red-meats-and-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-a-prospective-study-of-u-s-women
#10
Gang Liu, Geng Zong, Frank B Hu, Walter C Willett, David M Eisenberg, Qi Sun
OBJECTIVE: This study examined different cooking methods for red meats in relation to type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk among U.S. women who consumed red meats regularly (≥2 servings/week). RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: We monitored 59,033 women (1986-2012) aged 30-55 years and free of diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer at baseline when information on frequency of different cooking methods for red meats, including broiling, barbequing, roasting, pan-frying, and stewing/boiling, was collected...
June 13, 2017: Diabetes Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610484/a-nutritional-intervention-programme-at-a-worksite-canteen-to-promote-a-healthful-inspired-by-the-traditional-mediterranean-diet
#11
Marilena Vitale, Marta A Bianchi, Valeria Rapetti, Josè M Pepe, Angela Giacco, Rosalba Giacco, Gabriele Riccardi
This study investigates the effectiveness and long-term impact on the composition of the habitual diet of a nutritional intervention programme - undertaken through panels, totems, and table mats or handout leaflets - based on the promotion at a worksite canteen of healthy food-choices resembling the traditional Mediterranean diet. A significantly higher choice of dishes based on wholegrain cereals, legumes, white meat and fish, and a lower choice of dishes based on refined cereals, red and processed meat, eggs and cheese was observed at the end of the intervention and after six months and three years of follow-ups...
June 14, 2017: International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28595100/protective-effects-of-momordica-grosvenori-extract-against-lipid-and-protein-oxidation-induced-damage-in-dried-minced-pork-slices
#12
Jing-Rong Cheng, Xue-Ming Liu, You-Sheng Zhang, Ye-Hui Zhang, Zhi-Yi Chen, Dao-Bang Tang, Jing-Yu Wang
The experiment was conducted to assess the protective effects of Momordica grosvenori extract (MGE) against lipid and protein oxidation-induced damage in vacuum-packed dried minced pork slices stored at room temperature for 21days. Antioxidant activity of MGE was evaluated by measuring its radical scavenging activities and reducing power with progressive concentrations from 40 to 200g/L. MGE was added to the dried minced pork slices at 7, 10 or 15g/100g. Results showed that inclusion of MGE in dried minced pork slice significantly delayed the formation of hexanal, thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances and carbonyls and reduced the sulfhydryl loss in a dose-dependent manner (P<0...
May 1, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592514/a-western-diet-pattern-is-associated-with-higher-concentrations-of-blood-and-bone-lead-among-middle-aged-and-elderly-men
#13
Xin Wang, Ning Ding, Katherine L Tucker, Marc G Weisskopf, David Sparrow, Howard Hu, Sung Kyun Park
Background: Little is known about the effects of overall dietary pattern on lead concentration.Objective: We examined the association of overall dietary patterns, derived from a semiquantitative food frequency questionnaire, with bone and blood lead concentrations.Methods: This longitudinal analyses included mostly non-Hispanic white, middle-aged-to-elderly men from the Veterans Affairs Normative Aging Study. Long-term lead exposures were measured as tibia and patella lead concentrations by using K-shell-X-ray fluorescence...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586694/challenges-and-priorities-in-shark-and-ray-conservation
#14
REVIEW
Nicholas K Dulvy, Colin A Simpfendorfer, Lindsay N K Davidson, Sonja V Fordham, Amie Bräutigam, Glenn Sant, David J Welch
Sharks, rays, and chimaeras (Class Chondrichthyes; herein 'sharks') are the earliest extant jawed vertebrates and exhibit some of the greatest functional diversity of all vertebrates. Ecologically, they influence energy transfer vertically through trophic levels and sometimes trophic cascades via direct consumption and predation risk. Through movements and migrations, they connect horizontally and temporally across habitats and ecosystems, integrating energy flows at large spatial scales and across time. This connectivity flows from ontogenetic growth in size and spatial movements, which in turn underpins their relatively low reproductive rates compared with other exploited ocean fishes...
June 5, 2017: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585329/effect-of-linseed-supplementation-and-slaughter-age-on-meat-quality-of-grazing-crossbred-galician-x-burguete-foals
#15
Rubén Domínguez, Mirian Pateiro, Santiago Crecente, Marta Ruiz, María V Sarriés, José M Lorenzo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the effect of finishing diet (control concentrate vs. linseed concentrate) and slaughter age (13 vs. 26 months) on meat and nutritional quality of foal meat. For this study, 46 foals from crossing Galicia Mountain x Burguete breeds were used. RESULTS: The obtained results showed that slaughter age had influence on chemical composition and colour parameters. Foals slaughtered at the age of 13 months had lower content of intramuscular fat and higher cholesterol contents than those slaughtered at 26 months of age...
June 5, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582543/adherence-to-a-healthy-lifestyle-and-the-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-chinese-adults
#16
Jun Lv, Canqing Yu, Yu Guo, Zheng Bian, Ling Yang, Yiping Chen, Ximin Hu, Wei Hou, Junshi Chen, Zhengming Chen, Lu Qi, Liming Li
Background: Simultaneously adhering to multiple healthy lifestyle factors has been related to up to 90% reduction in type 2 diabetes (T2DM) incidence in White populations; however, little is known about whether such protective effects persist in other non-White populations. Methods: We examined the associations of six lifestyle factors with T2DM in the China Kadoorie Biobank of 461 211 participants aged 30-79 years without diabetes, cardiovascular diseases or cancer at baseline...
June 3, 2017: International Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578745/exploratory-analysis-of-meal-composition-in-australia-meat-and-accompanying-foods
#17
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Anna Rangan
OBJECTIVE: The study of meal patterns and overall diet in relation to health outcomes may be more important than focusing on single nutrients or food groups. The present study aimed to explore the composition of main meals and snacks in the Australian population and examine associations between meat/poultry/fish and other foods. DESIGN: The study utilised 24 h recalls. Meal composition was defined based on average intakes of food groups per meal disaggregated from all food sources...
June 5, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571147/expression-of-alpha-methylacyl-coenzyme-a-racemase-amacr-in-colorectal-neoplasia
#18
Nidhi Shukla, Amit Kumar Adhya, Jaysree Rath
INTRODUCTION: Red meat and dairy products have been implicated in colonic cancers. They are rich in branched chain fatty acids which require an enzyme Alpha-Methylacyl-Coenzyme A Racemase (AMACR) for their oxidation. Increased expression of AMACR in colorectal premalignant lesions and carcinomas suggests its possible role in carcinogenesis. AIM: To study the expression of AMACR in colorectal neoplasia and its correlation with the histological grade, stage and nodal status of colorectal malignancy...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560860/the-intrinsic-cause-of-color-fading-in-sliced-cooked-cured-beef-during-chilled-storage
#19
Jing Ma, Chensha Yu, Juanjuan Guo, Mengting Wu, Yunqiang Xu, Hongchao Yi, Weiqing Sun
The relationship between color change and other physical and chemical characteristics of sliced cooked cured beef (SCCB) during chilled storage were investigated using principal components analysis (PCA) to determine the color fading causes. Samples were prepared and stored at 8°C for up to 35 days in a vacuum package to simulate a supermarket storage environment; related indicators were measured periodically every week. The results showed that the first PC explained 59.82% of the total variation, and the second explained 22...
May 30, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28558792/a-diet-change-from-dry-food-to-beef-induces-reversible-changes-on-the-faecal-microbiota-in-healthy-adult-client-owned-dogs
#20
Kristin M V Herstad, Karina Gajardo, Anne Marie Bakke, Lars Moe, Jane Ludvigsen, Knut Rudi, Ida Rud, Monika Sekelja, Ellen Skancke
BACKGROUND: Diet has a major influence on the composition of the gut microbiota, whose importance for gut health and overall well-being is increasingly recognized. Knowledge is limited regarding health implications, including effects on the faecal microbiota, of feeding a diet with high content of red meat to dogs, despite some owners' apparent preference to do so. The aim of this study was to evaluate how a diet change from commercial dry food to one with a high content of boiled minced beef and vice versa influenced the faecal microbiota, and short chain fatty acid profile in healthy, adult, client-owned dogs...
May 30, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
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