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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919271/prospective-associations-of-meat-consumption-during-childhood-with-measures-of-body-composition-during-adolescence-results-from-the-giniplus-and-lisaplus-birth-cohorts
#1
Carla Harris, Anette Buyken, Andrea von Berg, Dietrich Berdel, Irina Lehmann, Barbara Hoffmann, Sibylle Koletzko, Berthold Koletzko, Joachim Heinrich, Marie Standl
BACKGROUND: Higher meat and protein intakes have been associated with increased body weight in adults, but studies evaluating body composition are scarce. Furthermore, our knowledge in adolescents is limited. This study aimed to investigate the prospective associations of intakes of different meat types, and their respective protein contents during childhood, with body composition during adolescence. METHODS: Dietary (using food frequency questionnaires) and body composition (measured by bioelectrical impedance) data were collected from the 10- and 15-year follow-up assessments respectively, of the GINIplus and LISAplus birth cohort studies...
December 5, 2016: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919261/caf%C3%A3-a-multicomponent-audit-and-feedback-intervention-to-improve-implementation-of-healthy-food-policy-in-primary-school-canteens-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#2
Sze Lin Yoong, Nicole Nathan, Luke Wolfenden, John Wiggers, Kathryn Reilly, Christopher Oldmeadow, Rebecca Wyse, Rachel Sutherland, Tessa Delaney, Peter Butler, Lisa Janssen, Sarah Preece, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: The implementation of nutrition policies in schools has been recommended as a strategy to improve child dietary intake. Internationally, research suggests that the majority of schools do not implement these policies. In New South Wales (NSW), Australia, the NSW Healthy School Canteen Policy requires that school canteens prohibit the sale of 'red' foods (i.e. foods that are typically nutrient poor and high in energy, such as confectionary and deep-fried foods) and 'banned'drinks (i...
December 5, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918929/long-term-red-meat-preservation-using-chilled-and-frozen-storage-combinations-a-review
#3
REVIEW
Cassius E O Coombs, Benjamin W B Holman, Michael A Friend, David L Hopkins
This paper reviews current literature relating to the effects of chilled and frozen storage on the quality characteristics of red meat (lamb and beef). These characteristics include tenderness (shear force), juiciness (fluid losses), flavour (lipid oxidation), colour and microbial loading. Research suggests that chilled storage of red meat can improve certain properties, such as shear force and species-specific flavour, to threshold levels before the effects on flavour and colour become deleterious, and key microbial species proliferate to spoilage levels...
December 1, 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913919/a-critical-overview-on-the-biological-and-molecular-features-of-red-and-processed-meat-in-colorectal-carcinogenesis
#4
REVIEW
Arunan Jeyakumar, Lakal Dissabandara, Vinod Gopalan
A recent investigation by the World Health Organisation (WHO) has found that the consumption of processed meat and potentially red meat promotes carcinogenesis and can increase the risk of colorectal cancer. This literature review aims to summarise both the red and processed meat molecules associated with colorectal carcinogenesis and investigate their relationship with the pathogenic process of colorectal cancer. Literature relating to the carcinogenic effect of red and processed meat molecules was critically reviewed...
December 2, 2016: Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911482/meat-quality-and-intramuscular-fatty-acid-composition-of-catria-horse
#5
Maria Federica Trombetta, Francesco Nocelli, Marina Pasquini
In order to extend scientific knowledge on autochthonous Italian equine meat, the physical-chemical parameters of Catria Horse Longissimus thoracis (LT) muscle and its nutritional characteristics have been investigated. Ten steaks of Catria foal raised at pasture and fattened indoors for 2 months were dissected, and LT muscle was analyzed for chemical composition, total iron, drip loss, colorimetric characteristics, intramuscular fat, fatty acid profile and nutritional indexes. Steak dissection showed that LT muscle accounted for 36...
December 2, 2016: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898947/study-of-bovine-gene-the-temporal-spatial-expression-patterns-polymorphism-and-association-analysis-with-meat-production-traits
#6
E Juszczuk-Kubiak, K Bujko, M Grześ, M Cymer, K Wicińska, A Szostak, M Pierzchała
The gene () encodes a transcription factor belonging to the MEF2 family that plays an important role in myogenesis by transcriptional regulation of genes involved in skeletal muscle growth and development. Despite the established importance of the factors in the muscular growth and development, the temporal-spatial expression and biological function of have not been reported in cattle. The aim of this study was to analyze the level of expression in the developing longissimus dorsi muscle (LM) of 4 cattle breeds (Polish Holstein-Friesian [HF], Limousine [LIM], Hereford [HER], Polish Red [PR]), differing in terms of meat production and utility type, at 6, 9, and 12 mo of age...
November 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898846/rapid-communication-impact-of-contemporary-light-sources-on-oxidation-of-fresh-ground-beef
#7
J V Cooper, B R Wiegand, A B Koc, L Schumacher, I Grün, C L Lorenzen
Meat color is considered one of the driving factors in consumer purchasing decisions. The objective of this study was to determine the impact of 2 different lighting sources on color and lipid oxidation of ground beef patties in a controlled environment. USDA Select top rounds ( = 20) were processed to produce ground beef at 2 different fat levels (5 and 25%) and made into patties (113.4 g). Patties were packaged with oxygen permeable polyvinyl chloride, assigned to one of three lighting treatments (low UV fluorescent [FLO], light emitting diode [LED], and no light [DRK, negative control]), and placed within deli cases at 5°C...
October 2016: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27897193/dietary-protein-intake-and-type-2-diabetes-among-women-and-men-in-northeast-china
#8
Jie Li, Changhao Sun, Simin Liu, Ying Li
We conducted a comprehensive and in-depth assessment of different dietary protein sources related to type 2 diabetes (T2D) and determined whether the association is mediated by insulin resistance (IR) and β-cell dysfunction in a population-based cross sectional study of 4,427 women and 2,394 men aged 20-74 years in northeast China. We observed that the intake of total protein, animal protein, and red meat protein was positively associated with T2D prevalence in women. Comparing the women in the highest quintile of protein intake with those in the lowest quintile, the multivariable-adjusted odds ratios of T2D were 2...
November 29, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27896421/multiple-behavioral-factors-are-associated-with-occurrence-of-large-flat-colorectal-polyps
#9
Tianzuo Zhan, Felix Hahn, Thomas Hielscher, Asmé Bilge, Jürgen Grüger, Jürgen Weers, Johannes Betge, Timo Gaiser, Georg Kähler, Matthias P Ebert, Sebastian Belle
PURPOSE: The prevalence of advanced dysplasia and synchronous lesions is particularly high in patients with large, flat colorectal polyps. However, the impact of lifestyle on the development of such polyps is poorly investigated. Hence, this study aims to identify associations between behavioral factors and the occurrence of large, flat colorectal polyps. METHODS: Behavioral factors were retrospectively analyzed in patients with large, flat polyps and control patients with at most one diminutive polyp...
November 28, 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891064/proteomic-based-approach-for-characterizing-4-hydroxy-2-nonenal-induced-oxidation-of-buffalo-bubalus-bubalis-and-goat-capra-hircus-meat-myoglobins
#10
Naveena B Maheswarappa, K Usha Rani, Y Praveen Kumar, Vinayak V Kulkarni, Srikanth Rapole
BACKGROUND: Myoglobin (Mb) is a sarcoplasmic heme protein primarily responsible for meat color and its chemistry is species specific. 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE) is a cytotoxic lipid derived aldehyde detected in meat and was reported to covalently adduct with nucleophilic histidine residues of Mb and predispose it to greater oxidation. However, no literature is available on characterization of lipid oxidation induced oxidation of Indian water buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) and goat (Capra hircus) myoglobins...
2016: Proteome Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886131/changes-in-meat-poultry-fish-consumption-in-australia-from-1995-to-2011-2012
#11
Zhixian Sui, David Raubenheimer, Judy Cunningham, Anna Rangan
The purpose of the study was to examine temporal changes in meat/poultry/fish consumption patterns between 1995 and 2011-2012 in the Australian population. Meat/poultry/fish consumption from all food sources, including recipes, was analysed by gender, age group, and socio-economic status using 24-h recall data from the 1995 National Nutrition Survey (n = 13,858) and the 2011-2012 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey (n = 12,153). The overall proportion of people consuming meat/poultry/fish remained stable (91...
November 24, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885555/meat-intake-cooking-methods-and-doneness-and-risk-of-colorectal-tumours-in-the-spanish-multicase-control-study-mcc-spain
#12
Jordi de Batlle, Esther Gracia-Lavedan, Dora Romaguera, Michelle Mendez, Gemma Castaño-Vinyals, Vicente Martín, Núria Aragonés, Inés Gómez-Acebo, Rocío Olmedo-Requena, José Juan Jimenez-Moleon, Marcela Guevara, Mikel Azpiri, Cristóbal Llorens-Ivorra, Guillermo Fernandez-Tardon, Jose Andrés Lorca, José María Huerta, Victor Moreno, Elena Boldo, Beatriz Pérez-Gómez, Jesús Castilla, Tania Fernández-Villa, Juan Pablo Barrio, Montserrat Andreu, Antoni Castells, Trinidad Dierssen, Jone M Altzibar, Manolis Kogevinas, Marina Pollán, Pilar Amiano
PURPOSE: Although there is convincing evidence that red and processed meat intake increases the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), the potential role of meat cooking practices has not been established yet and could partly explain the current heterogeneity of results among studies. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the association between meat consumption and cooking practices and the risk of CRC in a population-based case-control study. METHODS: A total of 1671 CRC cases and 3095 controls recruited in Spain between September 2008 and December 2013 completing a food frequency questionnaire with a meat-specific module were included in the analyses...
November 24, 2016: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884184/dietary-patterns-of-early-childhood-and-maternal-socioeconomic-status-in-a-unique-prospective-sample-from-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-prenatal-dha-supplementation
#13
Brandon H Hidaka, Elizabeth H Kerling, Jocelynn M Thodosoff, Debra K Sullivan, John Colombo, Susan E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Dietary habits established in early childhood and maternal socioeconomic status (SES) are important, complex, interrelated factors that influence a child's growth and development. The aim of this study was to define the major dietary patterns in a cohort of young US children, construct a maternal SES index, and evaluate their associations. METHODS: The diets of 190 children from a randomized, controlled trial of prenatal supplementation of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) were recorded at 6-mo intervals from 2-4...
November 25, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883957/effect-of-freezing-prior-to-aging-on-myoglobin-redox-forms-and-cie-color-of-beef-from-nellore-and-aberdeen-angus-cattle
#14
Carolina Naves Aroeira, Robledo de Almeida Torres Filho, Paulo Rogério Fontes, Alcinéia de Lemos Souza Ramos, Lúcio Alberto de Miranda Gomide, Márcio Machado Ladeira, Eduardo Mendes Ramos
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of freezing prior to wet aging on the color of Nellore and Aberdeen Angus cattle meat. Samples of the Longissimus thoracis muscle were subjected to two treatments: conventional aging (0, 7, 14 and 21days); and freezing (-20°C for 40days) followed by thawing and aging. Freezing promoted (P<0.05) formation of metmyoglobin during aging, especially in Nellore beef. Frozen meats showed (P<0.05) lower lightness (L*) values and higher redness (a*), chroma (C*) and hue angle (h*) values at the first day of storage, deteriorating quickly with aging time...
November 16, 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27883249/n-acetyl-transferase-2-environmental-factors-and-their-association-as-a-modulating-risk-factor-for-sporadic-colon-and-rectal-cancer
#15
Lucia M Procopciuc, Gelu Osian, Mihaela Iancu
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between environmental factors and colon or rectal cancer after adjusting for N-acetyl transferase 2 (NAT2) phenotypes. METHODS: Ninety-six patients with sporadic colon cancer, 54 with sporadic rectal cancer and 162 control subjects were genotyped for NAT2-T341C, G590A, G857A, A845C, and C481T using sequencing and PCR-RFLP analysis. RESULTS: The risk for colon cancer was increased in carriers of the homozygous negative genotypes for NAT2*5C-T341C, NAT2*6B-G590A, NAT2*7B-G857A, NAT2*18-A845C, and NAT2*5A-C481T...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882358/monofloral-honeys-by-sicilian-black-honeybee-apis-mellifera-ssp-sicula-have-high-reducing-power-and-antioxidant-capacity
#16
Alessandro Attanzio, Luisa Tesoriere, Mario Allegra, Maria A Livrea
Thirty samples from thirteen Sicilian monofloral honeys by the local black honeybee, and two honeydew honeys, were studied to assess phenol content, reducing power and antioxidant capacity as well as correlations among these parameters. Honeys from Apiaceae showed the highest phenol amount and capacity to reduce ferric ion and stable chemical radicals, whereas honeys from Leguminosae the lowest. All honeys were active against myoglobin-derived radicals usually formed in red meat after storage and/or heating and significant correlation (p = 0...
November 2016: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881394/total-red-meat-intake-of-%C3%A2-0-5-servings-d-does-not-negatively-influence-cardiovascular-disease-risk-factors-a-systemically-searched-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#17
Lauren E O'Connor, Jung Eun Kim, Wayne W Campbell
BACKGROUND: Observational associations between red meat intake and cardiovascular disease (CVD) are inconsistent. There are limited comprehensive analyses of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that investigate the effects of red meat consumption on CVD risk factors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematically searched meta-analysis was to assess the effects of consuming ≥0.5 or <0.5 servings of total red meat/d on CVD risk factors [blood total cholesterol (TC), LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, ratio of TC to HDL cholesterol (TC:HDL), and systolic and diastolic blood pressures (SBP and DBP, respectively)]...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873733/food-allergy-to-the-carbohydrate-galactose-alpha-1-3-galactose-alpha-gal-four-case-reports-and-a-review
#18
Andreas J Bircher, Kathrin Scherer Hofmeier, Susanne Link, Ingmar Heijnen
Until recently, food allergies to mammalian meats have been considered to be very rare. The observation that patients not previously exposed to the monoclonal chimeric antibody cetuximab suffered from severe anaphylaxis upon first exposure, led to the identification of galactose-alpha-1,3-galactose as a new relevant carbohydrate allergen. These patients later often suffered from anaphylactic reactions to red meat. Epidemiological data indicated that bites by the tick Amblyomma americanum in the USA, later also by Ixodes species in other continents, resulted in sensitisation to alpha-gal...
November 21, 2016: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871036/influence-of-red-wine-pomace-seasoning-and-high-oxygen-atmosphere-storage-on-carcinogens-formation-in-barbecued-beef-patties
#19
Javier García-Lomillo, Olga Viegas, Maria L Gonzalez-SanJose, Isabel M P L V O Ferreira
Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and heterocyclic aromatic amines (HAs) are carcinogenic compounds formed in barbecued meat. Conditions that reduce their formation are of major interest. This study aims to evaluate the influence of red wine pomace seasoning (RWPS) and high-oxygen atmosphere storage on the formation of PAHs and HAs in barbecued beef patties. In general, the levels of PAHs and HAs quantified were low. The storage (9days) promoted higher formation of PAHs in control patties without increase of HAs...
November 15, 2016: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869663/dietary-protein-sources-and-incidence-of-breast-cancer-a-dose-response-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#20
Jing Wu, Rong Zeng, Junpeng Huang, Xufeng Li, Jiren Zhang, James Chung-Man Ho, Yanfang Zheng
Protein is important to the human body, and different sources of protein may have different effects on the risk of breast cancer. Thus, we conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the association between different dietary protein sources and breast cancer risk. PubMed and several databases were searched until December 2015. Relevant articles were retrieved according to specific searching criteria. Forty-six prospective studies were included. The summary relative risk (RR) for highest versus lowest intake was 1...
November 17, 2016: Nutrients
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