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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634821/cavernous-malformations-of-central-nervous-system-in-pediatric-patients-our-single-centered-experience-in-50-patients-and-review-of-literature
#1
Dattaraj Paramanand Sawarkar, Suveen Janmatti, Rajinder Kumar, Pankaj Kumar Singh, Hitesh Kumar Gurjar, Shashank Sharad Kale, Bhawani Shanker Sharma, Ashok Kumar Mahapatra
PURPOSE: Cavernous malformations (CMs) are rare developmental cerebrovascular malformations of the central nervous system with a childhood prevalence of 0.3 to 0.53%. Our purpose was to assess the clinical features and microsurgical outcome in pediatric central nervous system (CNS) CMs. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively enrolled all the CM patients admitted to our institute from 1 January 2001 to 31 December 2014. Data was analyzed for their clinical features and surgical outcome...
June 20, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630851/vacuum-assisted-closure-in-patients-with-post-operative-infections-after-instrumented-spine-surgery-a-series-of-12-cases
#2
Maya Kale, Pravin Padalkar, Varshil Mehta
INTRODUCTION: Post-operative wound infections after spinal surgery is a very serious problem, leading to a risk of significant morbidity which may even lead to prolonged hospitalization. Various treatment protocols have been recommended for debridement, antibiotic, and soft-tissue management, but with mixed results. However, the risk of morbidity is still high with these treatment options. Vacuum-assisted closure (VAC) system has been gaining popularity recently in the management of subacute, acute, and chronic wounds...
January 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626563/chemistry-with-semi-classical-electrons-reaction-trajectories-auto-generated-by-sub-atomistic-force-fields
#3
Chen Bai, Seyit Kale, Judith Herzfeld
For a century now, "Lewis dots" have been a mainstay of chemical thinking, teaching and communication. However, chemists have assumed that this semi-classical picture of electrons needs to be abandoned for quantitative work, and the recourse in computational simulations has been to the extremes of first principles treatments of electrons on the one hand and force fields that avoid explicit electrons on the other hand. Given both the successes and limitations of these highly divergent approaches, it seems worth considering whether the Lewis dot picture might be made quantitative after all...
June 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623532/rhizopus-homothallicus-causing-invasive-infections-series-of-three-cases-from-a-single-centre-in-north-india
#4
Prathyusha Kokkayil, Mragnayani Pandey, Reshu Agarwal, Pratibha Kale, Gagandeep Singh, Immaculata Xess
Mucormycoses are opportunistic fungal infections with a high mortality rate. Rhizopus oryzae is the most common agent implicated in human infections. Although R. homothallicus has been previously reported to be a cause of pulmonary mucormycosis, it is the first time that we are reporting as a causative agent of rhino-orbital and cutaneous mucormycosis.
June 16, 2017: Mycopathologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622727/tetralogy-of-fallot-left-ventricular-clot-aortic-dissection-rare-association
#5
Pankaj Jariwala, Satya Sridhar Kale, Lakshmana Sepur, Edla Arjun Padma Kumar
Cases of uncorrected adult tetralogy of Fallot are rare and mostly manifest secondary to complications. A 30-year-old man presented with progressive breathlessness and severe chest discomfort. Echocardiography revealed tetralogy of Fallot with a left ventricular apical clot and DeBakey type I dissection of the aorta. The patient underwent successful surgical correction. The combination of preoperative complications in the setting of uncorrected tetralogy of Fallot, such as a left ventricular clot and DeBakey type I dissection of the aorta, is very rare...
January 1, 2017: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622482/antidiabetic-properties-of-an-apple-kale-extract-in-vitro-in-situ-and-in-mice-fed-a-western-type-diet
#6
Anke Schloesser, Tuba Esatbeyoglu, Gerhard Schultheiß, Henning Vollert, Kai Lüersen, Alexandra Fischer, Gerald Rimbach
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a common and increasingly prevalent metabolic disorder, and effective preventive strategies against this disease are needed. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the potential antidiabetic properties of a dietary apple/kale extract (AKE), which was rich in phlorizin and flavonoids, in laboratory mice. Mice were fed a control diet, a Western-type high-sugar, high-fat diet (WTD), or a WTD plus AKE for 10 weeks. Body weight, food and energy intake, body composition, and blood glucose level were recorded in addition to the postprandial rise in blood glucose concentration after a single administration of glucose (oral glucose tolerance test, OGTT)...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618364/amyloid-like-protein-nanofibrous-membranes-as-a-sensing-layer-infrastructure-for-the-design-of-mass-sensitive-biosensors
#7
Gözde Kabay, Gizem Kaleli Can, Mehmet Mutlu
Quartz crystal microbalances (QCMs) have been used in the literature for mass sensitive biosensor applications. However, their performance, reliability and stability have been limited by the chemical treatment steps required for the functionalization and activation of the QCM surface, prior to antibody immobilization. Specifically, these steps cause increased film thickness, which diminishes performance by mass overload, and create a harsh environment, which reduces biological activity. In this work, we eliminated this chemical step by introducing a sensing layer modification using electrospun amyloid like-bovine serum albumin (AL-BSA) nanofibers on QCM surfaces...
June 10, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28613226/diagnostic-and-therapeutic-challenges
#8
Jatinder Singh, Jeevan Kale, Kunal K Dansingani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 19, 2016: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612844/nlrp3-inflammasome-pathway-has-a-critical-role-in-the-host-immunity-against-clinically-relevant-acinetobacter-baumannii-pulmonary-infection
#9
N Dikshit, S D Kale, H J Khameneh, V Balamuralidhar, C Y Tang, P Kumar, T P Lim, T T Tan, A L Kwa, A Mortellaro, B Sukumaran
The opportunistic Gram-negative bacterium Acinetobacter baumannii (AB) is a leading cause of life-threatening nosocomial pneumonia. Outbreaks of multidrug resistant (MDR)-AB belonging to international clones (ICs) I and II with limited treatment options are major global health threats. However, the pathogenesis mechanisms of various AB clonal groups are understudied. Although inflammation-associated interleukin-1β (IL-1β) levels and IL-1 receptor antagonist polymorphisms were previously implicated in MDR-AB-related pneumonia in patients, whether inflammasomes has any role in the host defense and/or pathogenesis of clinically relevant A...
June 14, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612654/a-qualitative-comparison-of-dsm-depression-criteria-to-language-used-by-older-church-going-african-americans
#10
Esther Akinyemi, Daphne C Watkins, Janet Kavanagh, Vicki Johnson-Lawrence, Shana Lynn, Helen C Kales
OBJECTIVE: Depression in late life is associated with substantial suffering, disability, suicide risk, and decreased health-related quality of life. According to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV), a depression diagnosis is derived from a constellation of symptoms that may be described differently by different people. For example, the DSM language may be inadequate in capturing these symptoms in certain populations such as African-Americans, whose rates of depression misdiagnosis is high...
June 14, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604725/subunit-and-chlorophyll-organization-of-the-plant-photosystem-ii-supercomplex
#11
Laura S van Bezouwen, Stefano Caffarri, Ravindra S Kale, Roman Kouřil, Andy-Mark W H Thunnissen, Gert T Oostergetel, Egbert J Boekema
Photosystem II (PSII) is a light-driven protein, involved in the primary reactions of photosynthesis. In plant photosynthetic membranes PSII forms large multisubunit supercomplexes, containing a dimeric core and up to four light-harvesting complexes (LHCs), which act as antenna proteins. Here we solved a three-dimensional (3D) structure of the C2S2M2 supercomplex from Arabidopsis thaliana using cryo-transmission electron microscopy (cryo-EM) and single-particle analysis at an overall resolution of 5.3 Å...
June 12, 2017: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603383/foreign-language-reading-and-spelling-in-gifted-students-with-dyslexia-in-secondary-education
#12
Sietske van Viersen, Elise H de Bree, Lilian Kalee, Evelyn H Kroesbergen, Peter F de Jong
A few studies suggest that gifted children with dyslexia have better literacy skills than averagely intelligent children with dyslexia. This finding aligns with the hypothesis that giftedness-related factors provide compensation for poor reading. The present study investigated whether, as in the native language (NL), the level of foreign language (FL) literacy of gifted students with dyslexia is higher than the literacy level of averagely intelligent students with dyslexia and whether this difference can be accounted for by the difference in their NL literacy level...
2017: Reading and Writing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598296/letter-to-the-editor-endovascular-and-surgical-management-of-spinal-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas
#13
Ravi Sharma, Manoj Phalak, Shashank S Kale
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 9, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593470/effect-of-selenium-from-selenium-enriched-kale-sprout-versus-other-selenium-sources-on-productivity-and-selenium-concentrations-in-egg-and-tissue-of-laying-hens
#14
Anut Chantiratikul, Orawan Chinrasri, Piyanete Chantiratikul
A 6-week trial was conducted to compare the effect of selenium (Se) from hydroponically produced Se-enriched kale sprout (HPSeKS), sodium selenite (SS), and Se-enriched yeast (SeY) in laying hens. A total of 144 40-week-old hens were randomly divided into four groups, according to a completely randomized design. Each group consisted of four replicates with nine hens per replicate. The dietary treatments were T1 (basal diet) and T2, T3, and T4 (basal diets supplemented with 0.30 mg Se/kg from SS, SeY, and HPSeKS, respectively)...
June 7, 2017: Biological Trace Element Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592306/priorities-and-strategies-for-improving-roma-women-s-access-to-primary-health-care-services-in-cases-on-intimate-partner-violence-a-concept-mapping-study
#15
Carmen Vives-Cases, Isabel Goicolea, Alison Hernández, Belen Sanz-Barbero, MCarmen Davó-Blanes, Daniel La Parra-Casado
BACKGROUND: With an explicit focus on Roma women in Spain (Kale/Spanish Gypsies), this study aims to integrate key informants' opinions about the main actions needed to improve primary health care services' and professionals' responses to Roma women in an Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) situation. METHODS: Concept mapping study. A total of 50 (brainstorming phase), 36 (sorting and rating phase) and 16 (interpretation phase) participants from Roma civil society groups, primary health care professionals and other related stakeholders (social services, academic experts and other IPV NGOs representatives) from different cities in Spain were involved in the different study phases...
June 7, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590717/sensitive-and-selective-no2-sensing-based-on-alkyl-and-alkylthio-thiophene-polymer-conductance-and-conductance-ratio-changes-from-differential-chemical-doping
#16
Hui Li, Jennifer Dailey, Tejaswini Kale, Kalpana Besar, Kirsten Koehler, Howard E Katz
NO2-responsive polymer-based organic field-effect transistors (OFETs) are described, and room-temperature detection with high sensitivity entirely from the semiconductor was achieved. Two thiophene polymers, poly(bisdodecylquaterthiophene) and poly(bisdodecylthioquaterthiophene) (PQT12 and PQTS12, respectively), were used as active layers to detect a concentration at least as low as 1 ppm of NO2. The proportional on-current change of OFETs using these polymers reached over 400% for PQTS12, which is among the highest sensitivities reported for a NO2-responsive device based on an organic semiconducting film...
June 21, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584464/strongyloides-stercoralis-infection-a-case-series-from-a-tertiary-care-center-in-india
#17
Nitin Gupta, Aashish Choudhary, Bijay Ranjan Mirdha, Pratibha Kale, Kamla Kant, Arnab Ghosh, Nishant Verma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580205/solid-variant-of-an-aneurysmal-bone-cyst-of-the-thoracic-spine
#18
Varshil Mehta, Pravin Padalkar, Maya Kale, Ambadas Kathare
The solid variant of an aneurysmal bone cyst (ABC) has been observed very rarely, especially those involving the spine. In this case report, we present a very unusual tumour of the thoracic spine which was managed by 360˚ decompression via posterior-only approach and stabilization. A 16-year-old boy presented to us with a sudden onset of weakness in both lower limbs leading to paraplegia. He also had a history of back and chest pain over the past one year. A collapse of the T5 vertebrae on plain radiograph was observed...
May 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28570944/oral-feeding-with-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-fosters-hematopoiesis-and-thrombopoiesis-in-healthy-and-bone-marrow-transplanted-mice
#19
Kedar Limbkar, Ankita Dhenge, Dipesh D Jadhav, Hirekodathakallu V Thulasiram, Vaijayanti Kale, Lalita Limaye
Hematopoietic stem cells play the vital role of maintaining appropriate levels of cells in blood. Therefore, regulation of their fate is essential for their effective therapeutic use. Here we report the role of polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in regulating hematopoiesis which has not been explored well so far. Mice were fed daily for 10 days with n-6/n-3 PUFAs, viz. linoleic acid (LA), arachidonic acid (AA), alpha-linolenic acid and docosahexanoic acid (DHA) in four separate test groups with phosphate-buffered saline fed mice as control set...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Nutritional Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566074/-evaluation-of-virulence-factors-in-enterococcus-species
#20
Ergun Mete, İlknur Kaleli, Nural Cevahir, Melek Demir, Yüksel Akkaya, Özgün Kiriş Satılmış
Enterococci have recently become important due to their increased isolation rates in community-based and nosocomial infections and resistance to many antibiotics, including glycopeptides. The aim of this study was to evaluate the antimicrobial susceptible patterns and virulence factors of various clinical specimens; urine (n= 149), blood (n= 38), wound (n= 17), stool (n= 13), and other (n= 12) with a total of 229 enterococci including 138 E.faecalis and 91 E.faecium isolates. Aggregation factor (AF), enterococcus surface protein (esp), cytolysins and gelatinase encoding genes (asa1, esp, cylM, cylBcyl A, cylll, cylls, gelE, respectively) were investigated by molecular methods...
April 2017: Mikrobiyoloji Bülteni
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