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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186925/a-critical-appraisal-of-the-methodology-and-quality-of-evidence-of-systematic-reviews-and-meta-analyses-of-traditional-chinese-medical-nursing-interventions-a-systematic-review-of-reviews
#1
Ying-Hui Jin, Guo-Hao Wang, Yi-Rong Sun, Qi Li, Chen Zhao, Ge Li, Jin-Hua Si, Yan Li, Cui Lu, Hong-Cai Shang
OBJECTIVE: To assess the methodology and quality of evidence of systematic reviews and meta-analyses of traditional Chinese medical nursing (TCMN) interventions in Chinese journals. These interventions include acupressure, massage, Tai Chi, Qi Gong, electroacupuncture and use of Chinese herbal medicines-for example, in enemas, foot massage and compressing the umbilicus. DESIGN: A systematic literature search for systematic reviews and meta-analyses of TCMN interventions was performed...
November 14, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132739/the-th2-polarizing-function-of-atopic-interleukin-17-receptor-b-positive-dendritic-cells-up-regulated-by-lipopolysaccharide
#2
Rui Zheng, Feng-Hong Chen, Wen-Xiang Gao, Dan Wang, Qin-Tai Yang, Kai Wang, Yin-Yan Lai, Jie Deng, Li-Jie Jiang, Yue-Qi Sun, Jian-Bo Shi
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggest that epithelial cell (EC)-derived cytokines contribute to allergic airway disease exacerbation. OBJECTIVE: To confirm our hypothesis that atopic dendritic cells (DCs) are activated to up-regulate the receptors of cytokines that mainly derived from ECs and enhance TH2 responses. METHODS: The expressions of interleukin 17 receptor B (IL-17RB) (IL-25 receptor), membrane-bound ST2 (IL-33 receptor), thymic stromal lymphopoietin receptor (TSLPR), granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor receptor (GM-CSFR), and several functional markers on CD1c(+) monocyte-derived DCs (mo-DCs) were detected by flow cytometry...
January 26, 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107942/stereoselective-quantification-of-triticonazole-in-vegetables-by-supercritical-fluid-chromatography
#3
Qi Tan, Jun Fan, Ruiqi Gao, Rujian He, Tai Wang, Yaomou Zhang, Weiguang Zhang
A highly fast analytical method though supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) has been developed to quantify triticonazole enantiomers in cucumbers and tomatoes. Effects of organic modifier type and concentration on chiral separation and quantification of standard solution as well as matrix-matched standard solutions have been studied in detail. Among three organic modifiers, better separation of triticonazole racemate was achieved with 20% ethanol (v/v). The run time in SFC (ca 3min) with CO2-ethanol (80:20, v/v) as the mobile phase was six-fold shorter than HPLC analysis (about 18min)...
March 1, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057608/acupuncture-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review-protocol
#4
Taipin Guo, Bowen Zhu, Qian Zhang, Yejiao Yang, Qi He, Xinghe Zhang, Xiantao Tai
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP), a childhood disease of high morbidity and serious harmfulness, has no effective therapies to completely relieve the associated pain. Acupuncture has been used widely in China to alleviate several CP symptoms, such as pain and motion disorders, despite the deficiency of high-quality evidence related to this practice. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this systematic review protocol is to assess the efficacy and safety of acupuncture for the treatment of children with CP...
January 5, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044420/a-convenient-one-pot-route-to-screw-shaped-5-azahelicenes-via-rhodium-iii-catalyzed-multiple-c-h-bond-activation
#5
Shuai-Shuai Li, Chen-Fei Liu, Guo-Tai Zhang, Ying-Qi Xia, Wei-Huan Li, Lin Dong
A convenient rhodium(III)-catalyzed cascade reaction of 7-azaindoles and alkynes through multiple C-H bond activation for the synthesis of unique [5]azahelicenes has been developed. The optical property of these screw-shaped helicene derivatives could be further utilized in electronic devices to recognize mercury ions.
January 2, 2017: Chemistry, An Asian Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024246/a-new-unsymmetrical-azine-derivative-based-on-coumarin-group-as-dual-modal-sensor-for-cn-and-fluorescent-off-on-for-zn-2
#6
Jing-Han Hu, You Sun, Jing Qi, Qiao Li, Tai-Bao Wei
A simple chemosensor YS based on coumarin group was designed and synthesized. Its structure was determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. In the presence of cyanide the sensor showed an immediate visible change in color from colorless to pale yellow by naked-eyes and produced a strong blue fluorescence rapidly in DMSO/H2O (3:7, v/v). The detection limit on fluorescence response of the sensor to CN(-) is down to 1.69×10(-7)M. In addition YS could show fluorescence turn-on response rapidly for Zn(2+) over other metals ions such as Fe(3+), Hg(2+), Ag(+), Ca(2+), Cu(2+), Co(2+), Ni(2+), Cd(2+), Pb(2+), Cr(3+) and Mg(2+) in aqueous solutions...
March 15, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28024245/phenazine-based-colorimetric-and-fluorescent-sensor-for-the-selective-detection-of-cyanides-based-on-supramolecular-self-assembly-in-aqueous-solution
#7
Hai-Li Zhang, Tai-Bao Wei, Wen-Ting Li, Wen-Juan Qu, Yan-Li Leng, Jian-Hui Zhang, Qi Lin, You-Ming Zhang, Hong Yao
Taking advantages of both the well-known phenazine structure and the mechanism of the supramolecular self-assembly and deprotonation process, the fluorescent and colorimetric sensor (ZL) was designed and synthesized, behaving as a circulation utilization (above 10 times) receptor for selective detection of cyanide anion (CN(-)) in aqueous media. Upon the addition of CN(-), the sensor displayed obvious color changes from yellow to jacinth by naked eyes and the fluorescence immediately quenched (<10s). With respect to other common anions, the sensor possessed high selectivity and sensitivity (0...
March 15, 2017: Spectrochimica Acta. Part A, Molecular and Biomolecular Spectroscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28011712/genome-wide-association-study-of-parkinson-s-disease-in-east-asians
#8
Jia Nee Foo, Louis C Tan, Ishak D Irwan, Wing-Lok Au, Hui Qi Low, Kumar-M Prakash, Azlina Ahmad-Annuar, Jinxin Bei, Anne Yy Chan, Chiung Mei Chen, Yi-Chun Chen, Sun Ju Chung, Hao Deng, Shen-Yang Lim, Vincent Mok, Hao Pang, Zhong Pei, Rong Peng, Hui-Fang Shang, Kyuyoung Song, Ai Huey Tan, Yih-Ru Wu, Tin Aung, Ching-Yu Cheng, Fook Tim Chew, Soo-Hong Chew, Siow-Ann Chong, Richard P Ebstein, Jimmy Lee, Seang-Mei Saw, Adeline Seow, Mythily Subramaniam, E-Shyong Tai, Eranga N Vithana, Tien-Yin Wong, Khai Koon Heng, Wee-Yang Meah, Chiea Chuen Khor, Hong Liu, Furen Zhang, Jianjun Liu, Eng-King Tan
Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) on Parkinson's disease (PD) have mostly been done in Europeans and Japanese. No study has been done in Han Chinese, which make up nearly a fifth of the world population. We conducted the first Han Chinese GWAS analyzing a total of 22,729 subjects (5,125 PD cases and 17,604 controls) from Singapore, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Korea, mainland China and Taiwan. We performed imputation, merging and logistic regression analyses of 2,402,394 SNPs passing quality control filters, adjusted for the first three principal components...
December 22, 2016: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811669/a-new-species-of-the-genus-bothrioplana-platyhelminthes-bothrioplanida-bothrioplanidae-and-a-new-species-of-the-genus-pentacoelum-tricladida-bdellouridae-from-southern-china
#9
Yi He, Jia-Qi Zhao, Wan-Ru Ning, Jie-Yi Zhuang, Yu Zhang, An-Tai Wang
Two new species of turbellarians, Bothrioplana sinensis n. sp., and Pentacoelum sinensis n. sp., were described based on their reproductive behavior, ontogenic development, morphology in whole-mounted and sectioned specimens, and 18S rDNA phylogenetic classification. Bothrioplana sinensis n. sp. represents a newly recorded order in China and the second identified species in the genus Bothrioplana. It is characterized by a pair of spherical-shaped well-developed testes located dorsally behind the pharynx, and the common vas deference located ventrally to the gonopore...
October 31, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27799547/discovery-of-selective-small-molecule-hdac6-inhibitor-for-overcoming-proteasome-inhibitor-resistance-in-multiple-myeloma
#10
Teru Hideshima, Jun Qi, Ronald M Paranal, Weiping Tang, Edward Greenberg, Nathan West, Meaghan E Colling, Guillermina Estiu, Ralph Mazitschek, Jennifer A Perry, Hiroto Ohguchi, Francesca Cottini, Naoya Mimura, Güllü Görgün, Yu-Tzu Tai, Paul G Richardson, Ruben D Carrasco, Olaf Wiest, Stuart L Schreiber, Kenneth C Anderson, James E Bradner
Multiple myeloma (MM) has proven clinically susceptible to modulation of pathways of protein homeostasis. Blockade of proteasomal degradation of polyubiquitinated misfolded proteins by the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (BTZ) achieves responses and prolongs survival in MM, but long-term treatment with BTZ leads to drug-resistant relapse in most patients. In a proof-of-concept study, we previously demonstrated that blocking aggresomal breakdown of polyubiquitinated misfolded proteins with the histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) inhibitor tubacin enhances BTZ-induced cytotoxicity in MM cells in vitro...
November 15, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757943/enhanced-emission-of-quantum-system-in-si-ge-nanolayer-structure
#11
Zhong-Mei Huang, Wei-Qi Huang, Tai-Ge Dong, Gang Wang, Xue-Ke Wu
It is very interesting that the enhanced peaks near 1150 and 1550 nm are observed in the photoluminescence (PL) spectra in the quantum system of Si-Ge nanolayer structure, which have the emission characteristics of a three-level system with quantum dots (QDs) pumping and emission of quasi-direct-gap band, in our experiment. In the preparing process of Si-Ge nanolayer structure by using a pulsed laser deposition method, it is discovered that the nanocrystals of Si and Ge grow in the (100) and (111) directions after annealing or electron beam irradiation...
December 2016: Nanoscale Research Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27670763/trem1-facilitates-microglial-phagocytosis-of-amyloid-beta
#12
Teng Jiang, Ying-Dong Zhang, Qing Gao, Jun-Shan Zhou, Xi-Chen Zhu, Huan Lu, Jian-Quan Shi, Lan Tan, Qi Chen, Jin-Tai Yu
As the most common type of neurodegenerative disease, Alzheimer's disease (AD) is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid-β peptide (Aβ) within the brain. Triggering receptor expressed on myeloid cells (TREM) 1 is an immune receptor expressed by mononuclear phagocytes including monocytes and microglia, coupling with TYRO protein tyrosine kinase binding protein to regulate immune reactions. Emerging evidence indicates that rs6910730(G), an intronic variant of TREM1, is associated with an increased Aβ neuropathology in the brains of elderly subjects, but the underlying mechanisms remain unclear...
November 2016: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646279/mind-body-interventions-for-irritable-bowel-syndrome-patients-in-the-chinese-population-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Weidong Wang, Fang Wang, Feng Fan, Ana Cristina Sedas, Jian Wang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to identify and assess evidence related to the efficacy of mind-body interventions on irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) in the Chinese population. METHOD: Drawn from Chinese databases, nine RCTs and three Q-E studies were included in the systematic review. The methodological quality of RCTs was evaluated based on the following criteria: adequate sequence generation, allocation concealment, blinding, completeness of outcome data, selective reporting, and other potential biases...
September 19, 2016: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27643737/removal-of-cephalosporin-antibiotics-7-aca-from-wastewater-during-the-cultivation-of-lipid-accumulating-microalgae
#14
Wan-Qian Guo, He-Shan Zheng, Shuo Li, Juan-Shan Du, Xiao-Chi Feng, Ren-Li Yin, Qing-Lian Wu, Nan-Qi Ren, Jo-Shu Chang
The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of using lipid-accumulating microalgae to remove cephalosporin antibiotics 7-amino cephalosporanic acid (7-ACA) from wastewater with the additional benefit of biofuels production. Three isolated microalgal strains (namely, Chlorella sp. Cha-01, Chlamydomonas sp. Tai-03 and Mychonastes sp. YL-02) were cultivated under 7-ACA stress and their biomass productivity, lipid production and N-NO3(-) consumption were monitored. It was found that 7-ACA had slight inhibition effects on the microalgal growth at the ratio of 12...
December 2016: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27596441/na2co3-responsive-mechanisms-in-halophyte-puccinellia-tenuiflora-roots-revealed-by-physiological-and-proteomic-analyses
#15
Qi Zhao, Jinwei Suo, Sixue Chen, Yudan Jin, Xiaolin Ma, Zepeng Yin, Yuhong Zhang, Tai Wang, Ji Luo, Wenhai Jin, Xia Zhang, Zhiqiang Zhou, Shaojun Dai
Soil alkalization severely affects crop growth and agricultural productivity. Alkali salts impose ionic, osmotic, and high pH stresses on plants. The alkali tolerance molecular mechanism in roots from halophyte Puccinellia tenuiflora is still unclear. Here, the changes associated with Na2CO3 tolerance in P. tenuiflora roots were assessed using physiological and iTRAQ-based quantitative proteomic analyses. We set up the first protein dataset in P. tenuiflora roots containing 2,671 non-redundant proteins. Our results showed that Na2CO3 slightly inhibited root growth, caused ROS accumulation, cell membrane damage, and ion imbalance, as well as reduction of transport and protein synthesis/turnover...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590703/validation-of-a-new-simple-scale-to-measure-symptoms-in-heart-failure-from-traditional-chinese-medicine-view-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#16
Tieh-Cheng Fu, Yi-Chung Lin, Ching-Mao Chang, Wei-Ling Chou, Pei-Hsun Yuan, Min-Hui Liu, Chao-Hung Wang, Juei-Chao Chen, Hen-Hong Chang, Tai-Long Pan
BACKGROUND: Current clinical practices used to functionally classify heart failure (HF) are time-consuming, expensive, or require complex calculations. This study aimed to design an inquiry list from the perspective of traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) that could be used in routine clinical practice to resolve these problems. METHODS: The severity of documented HF in 115 patients was classified according to their performance in maximal exercise tests into New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional classification (FC) II or NYHA FC III...
September 2, 2016: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27584836/effect-of-community-based-social-skills-training-and-tai-chi-exercise-on-outcomes-in-patients-with-chronic-schizophrenia-a-randomized-one-year-study
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Ruiying Kang, Yeqing Wu, Zhiwu Li, Jun Jiang, Qi Gao, Yuncui Yu, Keming Gao, Yuxiang Yan, Yan He
BACKGROUND: Antipsychotic drugs are limited in their ability to improve negative symptoms, quality of life, and medication adherence in patients with schizophrenia. The addition of nonpharmacological interventions like social skills training has a positive effect on medication adherence and decreases rehospitalization rates but is limited in improving patients' symptoms, aggressive behaviors, and quality of life. Aerobic exercise, especially Tai-chi, can potentially reduce psychopathological and negative symptoms, decrease aggressive behaviors, and improve quality of life...
2016: Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27583423/complementary-integrative-therapies-that-work-a-review-of-the-evidence
#18
Benjamin Kligler, Raymond Teets, Melissa Quick
Significant evidence supports the effectiveness and safety of several complementary or integrative treatment approaches to common primary care problems. Acupuncture is effective in the management of chronic low back pain. Mind-body interventions such as cognitive behavior therapy, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and music therapy may be helpful for treating insomnia. Exercise can reduce anxiety symptoms. Herbal preparations and nutritional supplements can be useful as first-line therapy for certain conditions, such as fish oil for hypertriglyceridemia, St...
September 1, 2016: American Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548839/qigong-tai-chi-for-sleep-and-fatigue-in-prostate-cancer-patients-undergoing-radiotherapy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Jennifer L McQuade, Sarah Prinsloo, David Z Chang, Amy Spelman, Qi Wei, Karen Basen-Engquist, Carol Harrison, Zonghao Zhang, Debra Kuban, Andrew Lee, Lorenzo Cohen
OBJECTIVES: Sleep disturbances and fatigue are common in prostate cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Prior research suggests mind-body techniques may improve these outcomes. We conducted a randomized controlled trial of qigong/tai chi (QGTC) in men with prostate cancer undergoing radiotherapy. METHODS: Men with prostate cancer starting definitive radiation were randomized to 1 of 3 groups: (1) QGTC; (2) light exercise (LE); or (3) waiting list control. Sleep disturbances (Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index) and fatigue (Brief Fatigue Inventory) were assessed at baseline, midway through radiotherapy (T2), during the last week of radiotherapy (T3), and at 1 (T4) and 3 months (T5) after the end of radiotherapy...
August 22, 2016: Psycho-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27548520/vascular-stiffness-mechanoactivates-yap-taz-dependent-glutaminolysis-to-drive-pulmonary-hypertension
#20
Thomas Bertero, William M Oldham, Katherine A Cottrill, Sabrina Pisano, Rebecca R Vanderpool, Qiujun Yu, Jingsi Zhao, Yiyin Tai, Ying Tang, Ying-Yi Zhang, Sofiya Rehman, Masataka Sugahara, Zhi Qi, John Gorcsan, Sara O Vargas, Rajan Saggar, Rajeev Saggar, W Dean Wallace, David J Ross, Kathleen J Haley, Aaron B Waxman, Victoria N Parikh, Teresa De Marco, Priscilla Y Hsue, Alison Morris, Marc A Simon, Karen A Norris, Cedric Gaggioli, Joseph Loscalzo, Joshua Fessel, Stephen Y Chan
Dysregulation of vascular stiffness and cellular metabolism occurs early in pulmonary hypertension (PH). However, the mechanisms by which biophysical properties of the vascular extracellular matrix (ECM) relate to metabolic processes important in PH remain undefined. In this work, we examined cultured pulmonary vascular cells and various types of PH-diseased lung tissue and determined that ECM stiffening resulted in mechanoactivation of the transcriptional coactivators YAP and TAZ (WWTR1). YAP/TAZ activation modulated metabolic enzymes, including glutaminase (GLS1), to coordinate glutaminolysis and glycolysis...
September 1, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
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