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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306891/community-pharmacists-services-for-women-during-pregnancy-and-breast-feeding-in-kuwait-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Abdullah Albassam, Abdelmoneim Awad
OBJECTIVES: This study was designed to identify the services provided by community pharmacists in Kuwait and their views regarding self-care in pregnancy and lactation. In addition, it determined the pharmacists' recommendations for treatment of pregnancy-related and breast feeding-related ailments. DESIGN: Cross-sectional questionnaire-based survey. SETTING: Community pharmacies in Kuwait. PARTICIPANTS: 207 pharmacies were randomly selected from the Ministry of Health database...
January 5, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302544/morbidity-pattern-and-its-sociodemographic-determinants-among-elderly-population-of-raichur-district-karnataka-india
#2
Leyanna Susan George, Sanjay Deshpande, M K Krishna Kumar, Ramesh S Patil
Context: India is an "aging nation" with 7.7% of its population being above 60 years of age. It has resulted in a rise of both physical and mental health morbidities. Aims: This study aimed to gather information regarding the morbidity pattern and its sociodemographic determinants among the elderly residing in the rural villages of Raichur, to understand the need for geriatric health-care facilities. Settings and Design: This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in six rural villages of Raichur District, of which 230 elderly were selected randomly...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276603/varicose-vein-appearance-caused-by-perforating-vein-incompetence-detected-after-intense-cycling
#3
Charlotte E Davies, Angie M White, Mark S Whiteley
The role of incompetent perforating veins in the aetiology of varicose veins is not well understood. Anecdotally, competitive cyclists appeared to be more prone to varicose veins than the general population. We present a case of a 63-year-old amateur competitive cyclist who acutely developed a painful varicosity of her left calf while straining during a hill climb in 106-mile cycle race. Duplex ultrasonography has shown an underlying incompetent perforating vein, feeding the varicosity directly through the underlying muscle...
2017: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259201/magnolol-inhibits-venous-remodeling-in-mice
#4
Hanna Kuk, Caroline Arnold, Ralph Meyer, Markus Hecker, Thomas Korff
Due to gravity the venous vasculature in the lower extremities is exposed to elevated pressure levels which may be amplified by obesity or pregnancy. As a consequence, venules dilate and may be slowly transformed into varicose or spider veins. In fact, chronically elevated venous pressure was sufficient to cause the corkscrew-like enlargement of superficial veins in mice. We hypothesized that biomechanical activation of endothelial cells contributes to this process and investigated the inhibitory capacity of Magnolol in this context - a natural compound that features multiple properties counteracting cellular stress...
December 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29249768/a-case-of-massive-pulmonary-embolism-following-varicose-vein-surgery-that-was-successfully-treated-with-thrombolytic-therapy
#5
Ayse Baha, Reshat Mehmet Baha, Volkan Eroglu, Aysegul Logoglu, Yahya Kemal Icen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248107/prospective-comparative-cohort-study-evaluating-incompetent-great-saphenous-vein-closure-using-radiofrequency-powered-segmental-ablation-or-1470-nm-endovenous-laser-ablation-with-radial-tip-fibers-varico-2-study
#6
James A Lawson, Stefanie A Gauw, Clarissa J van Vlijmen, Pascal Pronk, Menno T W Gaastra, Marco J Tangelder, Michael C Mooij
BACKGROUND: Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) and radiofrequency-powered segmental ablation (RPSA) of the incompetent great saphenous vein (GSV) are both known for their excellent technical and clinical outcomes for the treatment of varicose veins. RPSA has reduced postprocedural pain and morbidity with shorter recovery time for the patient compared with EVLA using bare-tip fibers. However, new-generation EVLA devices with less traumatic radial-tip fibers (RTFs) operating at longer wavelengths up to 1470 nm also reduce postprocedural pain...
January 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247331/polymorphisms-in-inflammation-related-genes-and-the-risk-of-primary-varicose-veins-in-ethnic-russians
#7
Alexandra Shadrina, Elena Voronina, Mariya Smetanina, Yakov Tsepilov, Kseniya Sevost'ianova, Andrey Shevela, Evgenii Seliverstov, Elena Zakharova, Evgeny Ilyukhin, Alexander Kirienko, Igor Zolotukhin, Maxim Filipenko
Inflammation was shown to be activated in varicose veins, although its role in the development of vein wall transformation remains inconclusive. We aimed to investigate the influence of 13 inflammation-related single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) TNF rs1800629 and rs3093661, IL1A rs1800587, IL1RN rs4251961, IL6 rs1800795 and rs1800796, IFNG rs2430561, IL10 rs1800896, TGFB1 rs1800469, HIF1A rs11549465, NFKB1 rs28362491, and rs4648068 on the risk of primary varicose veins (PVVs) in ethnic Russians. We genotyped 709 patients with PVVs and 278 individuals without a history of chronic venous disease and performed a single SNP and a haplotype analysis...
December 15, 2017: Immunologic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242066/external-polytetrafluoroethylene-reinforcement-of-varicose-autologous-vein-grafts-in-peripheral-bypass-surgery-produces-durable-bypass-function
#8
Achim Neufang, Christine Espinola-Klein, Savvas Savvidis, Walther Schmiedt, Alicia Poplawski, Christian Friedrich Vahl, Bernhard Dorweiler
OBJECTIVE: Use of autologous veins as peripheral bypass graft may become critical in the presence of significant varicose degeneration of the harvested vein. External support of such dilated veins with standard polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) prostheses was recommended as an option to use these veins for peripheral bypass. A single-center experience with this technique regarding long-term graft function, secondary reinterventions, and potential graft degeneration is presented. METHODS: Between January 1995 and January 2006, there were 54 patients with varicose veins who underwent 57 consecutive infrainguinal vein bypass operations with PTFE reinforcement in 57 limbs...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240072/-varicose-veins-of-small-pelvis-as-a-cause-of-vulvar-varicosity-and-varicose-veins-of-lower-extremities
#9
REVIEW
S G Gavrilov, M D Temirbolatov
The article is a literature review presenting modern data on applied anatomy of the pelvic veins, diagnosis and treatment of pelvic varicose veins, pelviperineal reflux and vulvar varicosity, lower limb varicose veins, which were caused by pathological reflux from varicose pelvic veins. Presented is the information on tactical approaches in treatment of combined varicose veins of the pelvis and lower limbs, surgical decision-making for correction of pelviperineal reflux, methods of operative and phlebosclerosing interventions on pelvic and superficial veins of the perineum and lower limbs...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240057/-experience-with-using-cyanoacrylate-glue-in-endovascular-treatment-of-varicose-veins
#10
E V Shaĭdakov, A Zh Mel'tsova, O Ia Porembskaia, E A Kudinova, D É Korzhevskiĭ, O V Kirik, E G Sukhorukova
The method of cyanoacrylate-mediated obliteration of subcutaneous veins is known to be an alternative to thermal endovascular obliteration and eliminates the need for tumescent anaesthesia. This technique is based on glue-induced damage to the venous intima, followed by immune response according to the delayed-type hypersensitivity principle. The authors report herein their first experience with using cyanoacrylate-mediated embolization in treatment of patients presenting with varicose veins. The operation was carried out using the VenaSeal closure system (Medtronic)...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240053/-method-of-preventive-ultrasound-diagnosis-of-venous-thrombosis
#11
I M Ignat'ev, A R Zubarev, E G Gradusov, E Iu Iupatov, N V Krivosheeva
AIM: The purpose of the study was to work out a method of preventive diagnosis of venous thromboses by means of ultrasonographic duplex scanning (USDS). PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 306 people were examined. Of these, 146 patients presented with acute venous thrombosis, 108 subjects suffered from varicose veins, and 52 were apparently healthy people composing the control group. All those enrolled into the study were examined by means of USDS, with the D-dimer level determined...
2017: Angiologii︠a︡ i Sosudistai︠a︡ Khirurgii︠a︡, Angiology and Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229466/prospective-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial-comparing-electrocoagulation-and-radiofrequency-in-the%C3%A2-treatment-of-patients-with-great-saphenous-vein-insufficiency-and-lower-limb-varicose-veins
#12
Camila Baumann Beteli, Fábio Henrique Rossi, Bruno Lorenção de Almeida, Nilo Mitsuru Izukawa, Cybelle Bossolani Onofre Rossi, Sthefano Atique Gabriel, Antônio Massamitsu Kambara, Amanda Guerra de Moraes Rego Sousa, Patricia Thorpe
OBJECTIVE: Thermoablation has been replacing conventional surgery in the surgical treatment of great saphenous vein (GSV) reflux in patients with lower limb varicose veins; however, thermoablation is expensive. Intravenous electrocoagulation (EC) may, selectively and safely, cause necrosis of the GSV wall, but the clinical results have never been studied. The objective of this study was to compare EC and radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in the treatment of GSV insufficiency, considering efficacy, complications, and effect on quality of life...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225469/pelvic-vein-incompetence-clinical-perspectives
#13
REVIEW
David M Riding, Vivak Hansrani, Charles McCollum
Chronic pelvic pain (CPP) affects 24% of premenopausal women, accounts for 20%-30% of UK gynecology outpatient appointments, and has an annual pan-European economic cost of €3.8 billion. Despite extensive investigation, often including laparoscopy, up to 55% of women do not receive a diagnosis and endure persistent symptoms. In these patients, clinical management focuses on symptom control rather than treatment. It is possible that pelvic vein incompetence (PVI) is a cause of CPP, although the quality of studies investigating an association is generally low...
2017: Vascular Health and Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216795/oxidative-stress-and-prolidase-enzyme-activity-in-the-pathogenesis-of-primary-varicose-veins
#14
İlker Akar, İlker İnce, Cemal Aslan, İsmail Benli, Osman Demir, Nuray Altındeger, Abdullah Dogan, Mehmet Ceber
Objectives Vascular endothelial dysfunction leads to the emerging of free oxygen radicals, deficiency of antioxidant system, forming of oxidative stress, inflammatory processes and release of proinflammatory cytokines. These things play big role in the development of primary varicose veins. Prolidase has been reported as an indicator of oxidative stress in diabetes, diabetic neuropathy, non-ulcerous dyspepsia, osteoporosis, polycystic over syndrome and many other diseases. The aim of this study is to evaluate the oxidative stress at venous insufficiency and to provide preliminary knowledge about the role of prolidase enzyme in varicose vein formation...
January 1, 2017: Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201371/giant-thrombosed-saphenofemoral-junction-aneurysm-a-case-report
#15
Vladimir Cojocari, Vasile Culiuc, Florin Bzovii, Dumitru Casian, Eugen Gutu
Introduction: Although saphenofemoral junction aneurysms are not so rare, only scarce of the published cases reported thrombosis of the aneurysmal sac and saphenous trunk. Presentation of case: A 65-year-old male with varicose disease, developed acute ascending superficial vein thrombosis of the left greater saphenous vein, involving the 6-cm saphenofemoral junction aneurysm. The patient underwent common femoral vein thrombectomy, aneurysm removal, and greater saphenous vein excision with uneventful postoperative course...
2017: SAGE Open Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198293/comparison-of-subjective-sleep-quality-of-long-term-residents-at-low-and-high-altitudes-saraha-study
#16
Ravi Gupta, Jan Ulfberg, Richard P Allen, Deepak Goel
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To study the effect of altitude on subjective sleep quality in populations living at high and low altitudes after excluding cases of restless legs syndrome (RLS). METHODS: This population-based study was conducted at three different altitudes (400 m, 1,900-2,000 m, and 3,200 m above sea level). All consenting subjects available from random stratified sampling in the Himalayan and sub-Himalayan regions of India were included in the study (ages 18 to 84 years)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197190/percutaneous-treatment-with-radiofrequency-ablation-of-varicose-veins-recurring-after-vein-stripping-surgery-a-preliminary-study
#17
Giovanni Turtulici, Ermenegildo Furino, Giorgia Dedone, Riccardo Sartoris, Jeries Zawaideh, Aldo Fischetti, Enzo Silvestri, Gennaro Quarto
AIM: The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of a new treatment of recurrent varicose vein after stripping of the great saphenous vein with rigid radiofrequency needles. MATERIAL OF STUDY: 37 patients enrolled (11 males and 26 females). 10 patients had recurrent varicose veins for the presence of residual reflux in the Saphenous-Femoral Junction (SFJ) stump, whilst 21 patients for the presence of a single or multiple re-chanalized and refluxing perforator veins, and 6 had mixed rechanalization due to perforator veins and refluxing saphenous stump...
2017: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186866/tgf-%C3%AE-1-in-vascular-wall-pathology-unraveling-chronic-venous-insufficiency-pathophysiology
#18
REVIEW
Pedro Serralheiro, Andreia Soares, Carlos M Costa Almeida, Ignacio Verde
Chronic venous insufficiency and varicose veins occur commonly in affluent countries and are a socioeconomic burden. However, there remains a relative lack of knowledge about venous pathophysiology. Various theories have been suggested, yet the molecular sequence of events is poorly understood. Transforming growth factor-beta one (TGF-β1) is a highly complex polypeptide with multifunctional properties that has an active role during embryonic development, in adult organ physiology and in the pathophysiology of major diseases, including cancer and various autoimmune, fibrotic and cardiovascular diseases...
November 26, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173075/evaluation-of-plasma-growth-factors-vegf-pdgf-egf-ang1-and-ang2-in-patients-with-varicose-veins-before-and-after-treatment-with-endovenous-laser-ablation
#19
Nabil A Al-Zoubi, Rami J Yaghan, Tagleb S Mazahreh, Emad M Hijazi, Ahmad Alqudah, Yasmin N Owaisy, Shadi Hamouri, Nawaf J Al-Shatnawi
OBJECTIVE: To measure pre- and postoperative plasma concentrations of growth factors (VEGF, PDGF, EGF, ANG1, and ANG2) in patients with primary lower limb varicose veins (VVs) treated with endovenous laser ablation (EVLA). BACKGROUND: Many studies have explored the potential relationship between primary VVs and growth factors. No previous studies were done for patients treated with EVLA. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Blood samples were obtained from 30 patients with primary VVs undergoing treatment with EVLA before and 1 week after treatment...
November 27, 2017: Photomedicine and Laser Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171654/remodelling-of-collagen-fibres-in-the-placentas-of-women-with-venous-insufficiency-during-pregnancy
#20
Miguel A Ortega, Ángel Asúnsolo, María J Álvarez-Rocha, Beatriz Romero, Juan De León-Luis, Melchor Álvarez-Mon, Julia Buján, Natalio García-Honduvilla
Haemodynamic changes produced during pregnancy lead to elevated venous pressure in the legs and an increased resting consumption of oxygen. These events can cause varicose veins, or venous insufficiency (VI), which by creating an environment of hypoxia could affect the structure and function of the placental barrier. This study assesses the remodelling state of the placental villi by examining differences in collagens with a known role in villus structure and in placental barrier permeability between patients with and without VI...
November 24, 2017: Histology and Histopathology
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