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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898181/endovenous-ablation-therapy-laser-or-radiofrequency-or-foam-sclerotherapy-versus-conventional-surgical-repair-for-short-saphenous-varicose-veins
#1
REVIEW
Sharath Chandra Vikram Paravastu, Margaret Horne, P Dominic F Dodd
BACKGROUND: Short (or small) saphenous vein (SSV) varices occur as a result of an incompetent sapheno-popliteal junction, where the SSV joins the popliteal vein, resulting in reflux in the SSV; they account for about 15% of varicose veins. Untreated varicose veins may sometimes lead to ulceration of the leg, which is difficult to manage. Traditionally, treatment was restricted to surgery or conservative management. Since the 1990s, however, a number of minimally invasive techniques have been developed; these do not normally require a general anaesthetic, are day-case procedures with a quicker return to normal activities and avoid the risk of wound infection which may occur following surgery...
November 29, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885298/klippel-trenaunay-syndrome-a-case-report
#2
R K Sah, S Sharma, S Ghimire, B B Bagale, M Kayastha, R H Chapagain
Klippel-Trenaunaysyndrome(KTS) is a rare congenital condition usually presenting with port wine stains, excessive growth of bones and soft tissue and varicose veins which most commonly occurs in the legs, but it also may affect the arms, face, head, or internal organs. We report a case of term male neonate with clinical findings of Port-wine stain, multiple cystic swellings with ultrasonographic findings suggestive of vascular malformations and limb abnormalities in the form ofsoft tissue hypertrophy of right upper limb, polydactyly of right hand and syndactyly of left hand consistent withKlippel-Trenaunay syndrome...
May 2016: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878794/varicosities-of-the-lower-extremity-new-approaches-cosmetic-or-therapeutic-needs
#3
Luca Spinedi, Heiko Uthoff, Sasan Partovi, Daniel Staub
Varicose veins of the lower extremity (VVLE) are a frequently encountered vascular disorder in the general population. The general view that VVLE are a non-serious disease with primarily aesthetic impact is a common misconception, as the disease can have a significant negative impact on generic and disease-specific quality of life. Further, VVLE may be associated with potentially threatening clinical conditions, such as chronic venous ulceration, venous thromboembolism and haemorrhage from ruptured varicose veins...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27870929/a-clinical-study-of-cutaneous-changes-in-pregnancy
#4
Vinitha V Panicker, Najeeba Riyaz, P K Balachandran
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Pregnant women experience a myriad of physiological and metabolic changes that affect different organ systems in the body. Cutaneous and appendageal alterations that manifest during pregnancy are largely modulated by hormonal, immunologic, and metabolic factors. Detailed reports encompassing physiological changes and specific dermatoses of pregnancy and effects of various dermatoses on pregnant women are scanty in literature. This study was conducted to examine in detail both physiological changes and specific dermatoses...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27853341/effect-of-the-wide-spread-use-of-endovenous-laser-ablation-on-the-treatment-of-varicose-veins-in-japan-a-large-scale-single-institute-study
#5
Masatoshi Jibiki, Tetsuro Miyata, Sachiko Futatsugi, Mitsumasa Iso, Yasutaka Sakanushi
Background and aims: In Japan, stripping under general anesthesia, lumbar anesthesia and tumescent local anesthesia has been used in the treatment of primary varicose veins due to saphenous vein insufficiency. However endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) using a 980 nm diode laser has received National Health Insurance (NHI) coverage in 2011, while EVLA using a 1470 nm diode laser with a radial 2-ring fiber has received coverage in 2014. As a result, the use of EVLA has become widespread in Japan. We herein report on the results of varicose veins treatment at our hospital...
October 1, 2016: Laser Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837181/results-of-ultrasound-guided-foam-sclerotherapy-of-the-great-saphenous-vein-with-new-parameters-of-the-technique
#6
A Baeshko, N Shestak, S Korytko
AIM: To report the outcome of a series of patients with chronic venous disease due to incompetence of the great saphenous vein (GSV) managed by ultrasound-guided foam sclerotherapy (USGFS). DESIGN: Controlled clinical trial with maximum 5-year follow-up of results of USGFS of the GSV with new parameters of the procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This research analyzes the results of USGFS of the GSV (395 GSV) and its tributaries in 326 patients with varicose veins of the lower extremities over the period from January 2009 to January 2014 with the following parameters of the procedure: 60° limb elevation, calf bandage, and cooled foam injection...
November 11, 2016: Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825178/ruscus-genus-a-rich-source-of-bioactive-steroidal-saponins
#7
Milena Masullo, Cosimo Pizza, Sonia Piacente
The genus Ruscus (Asparagaceae family) is native to the Mediterranean, Southern and Western Europe and is represented by perennial, rhizomatous, and evergreen shrubs. Among the approximately seven species spread throughout Europe up to Iran, Ruscus aculeatus L. (butcher's broom) is the most widely distributed and appreciated. This review provides an overview of the traditional use of Ruscus spp., the current knowledge of the chemistry of this genus, and the pharmacological studies carried out on Ruscus spp...
November 8, 2016: Planta Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811287/impact-of-uk-nice-clinical-guidelines-168-and-social-deprivation-on-access-to-interventional-treatment-for-symptomatic-varicose-vein-and-specialist-referral-for-leg-ulceration
#8
Huw Ob Davies, Matthew Popplewell, Gareth Bate, Lisa Kelly, Andreas Koutsoumpelis, Andrew W Bradbury
BACKGROUND: UK National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) clinical guidelines (CG) 168, published in July 2013, aimed to improve the management of lower limb venous disease by newly recommending interventional treatment for all people affected by symptomatic varicose veins (VV) and specialist vascular referral for all people suffering from a leg ulcer (LU) that had been present for ≥2 weeks. This study aims to determine if CG168 has increased access to vascular services, particularly for the socially deprived, who might be expected to have greater need for such services...
November 2, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809772/the-burden-of-cardiovascular-morbidity-in-a-european-mediterranean-population-with-multimorbidity-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Concepción Violán, Néker Bejarano-Rivera, Quintí Foguet-Boreu, Albert Roso Llorach, Mariona Pons-Vigués, Miguel Martin Mateo, Enriqueta Pujol-Ribera
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular diseases are highly represented in multimorbidity patterns. Nevertheless, few studies have analysed the burden of these diseases in the population with multimorbidity. The objective of this study was to identify and describe the cardiovascular diseases among the patients with multimorbidity. METHODS: We designed a cross-sectional study in patients ≥19 years old assigned to 251 primary health care centres in Catalonia, Spain. The main outcome was cardiovascular morbidity burden, defined as the presence of one or more of 24 chronic cardiovascular diseases in multimorbid patients (≥2 chronic conditions)...
November 3, 2016: BMC Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790446/lymph-node-fibrosis-in-a-case-of-primary-lymphoedema-a-report-of-two-cases
#10
Smitha Surendra Masamatti, Aparna Narasimha, Jayalakshmi Valligari Janardhan, Vijaya Chowdappa
Lymphoedema can be classified into primary and secondary. Primary lymphoedema arise in patients where the cause is not known. Secondary lymphoedema are those in which the lymph system has been damaged by some well recognised pathological process, such as extensive malignancy, filariasis, radiation etc. The changes may occur either in the lymph node, or in lymph vessels or both. The clinical evolution and the prognosis of the oedema in the limb involved will depend on the extension and evolution of these lesions...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789144/reappraisal-of-the-utility-of-the-tilt-table-in-the-investigation-of-venous-disease-%C3%A2
#11
C R Lattimer, E Mendoza
OBJECTIVES: Without gravity opposing drainage, most venous diseases would not exist. Therefore, manoeuvres that assess venous function should include gravity. The aim was to "dose" gravity in subjects using static positions and dynamic angulations on a tilt-table and to assess its effects with air plethysmography (APG) and duplex ultrasound over the femoral vein. METHODS: Three groups (providing n = 11 legs each) were compared. (a) A control group, without clinical or duplex evidence of venous disease...
October 24, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27771919/silymarin-and-its-role-in-chronic-diseases
#12
Neha, Amteshwar S Jaggi, Nirmal Singh
Silymarin is the active constituent of Silybum marianum (milk thistle) which is a C-25 containing flavonolignan. Milk thistle has a lot of traditional values, being used as a vegetable, as salad, as bitter tonic, and as galactogogue in nursing mothers and in various ailments such as liver complications, depression, dyspepsia, spleenic congestions, varicose veins, diabetes, amenorrhea, uterine hemorrhage, and menstrual problems. In this present chapter, a comprehensive attempt has been made to discuss the potential of silymarin in chronic disorders...
2016: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769026/aneurysmal-degeneration-of-vein-conduit-used-for-vascular-reconstruction-case-report-and-literature-review
#13
M J Tao, W Al-Jundi, G Roche-Nagle
INTRODUCTION: Popliteal artery aneurysms (PAA) are the most prevalent form of peripheral arterial aneurysms. Greater saphenous vein grafts and endoaneurysmorrhaphy remains the mainstay therapy for open repair of PAA. True aneurysmal degeneration of lower extremity infrainguinal autologous vein grafts are relatively rare and its etiology is not completely understood. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 57-year-old man with recurrent autologous venous graft aneurysmal dilatations following a surgical popliteal artery aneurysm repair...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760806/short-term-results-of-isolated-phlebectomy-with-preservation-of-incompetent-great-saphenous-vein-asval-procedure-in-primary-varicose-veins-disease
#14
Igor A Zolotukhin, Evgeny I Seliverstov, Elena A Zakharova, Alexander I Kirienko
OBJECTIVE: To establish an effect of isolated phlebectomy in patients with incompetent great saphenous vein (Ambulatory Selective Varices Ablation under Local anesthesia (ASVAL) procedure) on the reflux and diameter of the trunk and to assess recurrence rate of varicose veins at one year. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective study on patients with primary varicose veins and with C2 or C2,3 or C2,3,4 or C2,4 classes of chronic venous disease and great saphenous vein incompetence...
October 19, 2016: Phlebology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27760697/post-operative-benefit-of-compression-therapy-after-endovenous-laser-ablation-for-uncomplicated-varicose-veins-a-randomised-clinical-trial
#15
K Ye, R Wang, J Qin, X Yang, M Yin, X Liu, M Jiang, X Lu
OBJECTIVE: The hypothesis that post-operative short-term compression therapy improves operation related complications in patients with uncomplicated varicose veins after endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) treatment was tested. METHODS: In this randomized trial, patients with uncomplicated varicose veins (C2 according to the CEAP classification) treated with EVLA at a single institution from January 2012 to November 2013 were enrolled. Before EVLA, patients were randomized into two groups based on whether or not (control group) they wore an elastic compression stocking (ECS group) post-operatively...
October 16, 2016: European Journal of Vascular and Endovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757234/lymphatic-dysfunction-after-ligation-surgery-for-varicose-vein
#16
Hisako Hara, Makoto Mihara, Kyoko Hasegawa, Kazuko Yamanaka
OBJECTIVE: Although the lymphatic complications such as lymphocele sometimes occur after surgery for varicose veins, the lymphatic function of such patients has not been evaluated. In this case report, we present a case of lymphocele after ligation surgery for varicose vein. We also detected subclinical dysfunction in lower limb using indocyanine green (ICG) lymphography. CASE REPORT: A 76 year- old female underwent ligation surgery for right lower leg varicose vein, and she noticed the squashy lesion in the medial side of the right knee...
2016: SAGE open medical case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757232/isolated-large-vulvar-varicose-veins-in-a-non-pregnant-woman
#17
Abdullah M Al Wahbi
Vulvar varicosities are often asymptomatic, and they may be associated with varicose veins of the lower extremity. Also, they may be a part of pelvic congestion syndrome and usually occur during pregnancy. We present a case of a huge isolated and disfiguring vulvar varicosities in a non-pregnant women managed successfully by combination of surgery and sclerotherapy.
2016: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746868/the-effects-of-unilateral-varicose-ovarian-vein-on-antioxidant-capacity-and-oocyte-quality-in-rat-ovary
#18
Babatunde Adebayo Kehinde, Farid Abolhassani, Hossein Yazdekhasti, Niloufar Abbasi, Leyla Heydari, Erfan Daneshi, Zahra Rajabi, Alaa Hamada, Ashok Agarwal, Mehdi Abbasi
OBJECTIVES: Several researchers have reported the relationship between infertility in male and varicocele for so many years but the implication of varicocele in female patients is remains elusive. Here, we aim to examine the effects of unilateral varicose ovarian vein on antioxidant capacity and oocyte quality of rat ovary after the experimental creation of varicocele in female rats. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, thirty adult female albino rats were divided into three equal groups: Group 1 as the control group has 10 rats, Group 2 as the sham group has 10 rats and they underwent a sham operation and finally Group 3 has the varicocele group has 10 rats...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742900/midterm-outcome-of-mechanochemical-endovenous-ablation-for-the-treatment-of-great-saphenous-vein-insufficiency
#19
Marianne E Witte, Suzanne Holewijn, Ramon R van Eekeren, Jean-Paul de Vries, Clark J Zeebregts, Michel M P J Reijnen
PURPOSE: To report the midterm results of mechanochemical ablation (MOCA) for treating great saphenous vein (GSV) insufficiency. METHODS: In a 1-year period, 85 consecutive patients (median age 51.4 years; 71 women) undergoing MOCA with polidocanol in 104 limbs were enrolled in a prospective registry. The patients were evaluated at baseline and during follow-up (4 weeks and 1, 2, and 3 years) using duplex ultrasound, the CEAP (clinical, etiologic, anatomic and pathophysiologic) classification, the Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS), the RAND Short Form 36-Item Health Survey (RAND-SF36), and the Aberdeen Varicose Vein Questionnaire (AVVQ)...
October 14, 2016: Journal of Endovascular Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738460/thrombosis-of-the-saphenous-vein-stump-after-varicose-vein-surgery
#20
Hiroto Rikimaru
We evaluated thrombus extension in the proximal stump of the saphenous vein at 6 days, 4 weeks, and 16 weeks after saphenous vein surgery performed between July 2013 and March 2014 (18 patients, 29 limbs, and 31 stumps) using duplex ultrasonography. All thrombotic events were classified as endovenous heat-induced thrombosis (EHIT). Thrombus was observed in 27 stumps (87.1%), with only four (12.9%) stumps remaining without thrombus on postoperative day 6. Thrombus as EHIT class 2 was observed in one stump and as EHIT class 3 in another; in the remaining 25 stumps, it was observed as EHIT class 1 postoperatively...
2016: Annals of Vascular Diseases
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