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planktonic algae

J Kosiba, E Wilk-Woźniak, W Krztoń, M Strzesak, A Pociecha, E Walusiak, K Pudaś, E Szarek-Gwiazda
The aim of this study was to determine the relationships in the microbial trophic network underpinning them about communities of plankton ciliates in shallow oxbow lakes of the Vistula River in southern Poland (Jeziorzany 1, Jeziorzany 2, Piekary, Tyniec). The plankton components (phytoplankton, ciliates, zooplankton) were grouped by dietary preference. The studied oxbows differed in physicochemical parameters and in phytoplankton. Cyanobacteria dominated in the total biomass of phytoplankton in the Tyniec oxbow, big green algae (>30 μm) in Piekary and Jeziorzany 1, and euglenoids in Jeziorzany 2 oxbow...
August 20, 2016: Microbial Ecology
A R A Lima, M Barletta
The influence of the lunar cycle on prey availability, diet shifts and overlap between larval Anchovia clupeoides and Cetengraulis edentulus was evaluated in mangrove creeks of the Goiana Estuary. Copepod eggs were highly abundant in the first and last quarter, at the full moon and zoea of Ucides cordatus (Ocypodidae) in the new moon. The Engraulidae larvae fed on microcrustaceans, algae and early planktonic stages of benthic organisms. The relative importance of prey varied according to prey availability in all moon phases...
October 2016: Journal of Fish Biology
Jie Ren, Tao Zhou, Guang-wei Zhu, Ying-wei Jin, Yang Cui, Hai Xu, Meng-yuan Zhu, Ming-fang Xia, Wei-min Chen
In order to understand the community structure characteristics of Bacillariophyta and its controlling factors in reservoirs located in the Southeast, China, in the geographic background of hills landscape and humid climate, 18 reservoirs were investigated in June, 2015, during the period with high risk of diatom bloom, covering water quality, and the community structures of phytoplankton. The correlations between Bacillariophyta and other planktons with nutrients, water depth, storage capacity, etc. were analyzed...
May 15, 2016: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
T Stoichev, E Tessier, D Amouroux, C M Almeida, M C P Basto, V M Vasconcelos
Spatial and seasonal variation of mercury species aqueous concentrations and distributions was carried out during six sampling campaigns at four locations within Laranjo Bay, the most mercury-contaminated area of the Aveiro Lagoon (Portugal). Inorganic mercury (IHg(II)) and methylmercury (MeHg) were determined in filter-retained (IHgPART, MeHgPART) and filtered (<0.45μm) fractions (IHg(II)DISS, MeHgDISS). The concentrations of IHgPART depended on site and on dilution with downstream particles. Similar processes were evidenced for MeHgPART, however, its concentrations increased for particles rich in phaeophytin (Pha)...
November 15, 2016: Journal of Hazardous Materials
Giseli S Rocha, Alessandra E Tonietto, Ana T Lombardi, Maria da G G Melão
In aquatic environments, copper (Cu) plays important physiological roles in planktonic food chain, such as electron transfer in photosynthesis and constituting proteins that transport oxygen in some arthropods, while at higher concentrations it is toxic on these organisms and higher trophic levels. The combined effects of natural (e.g. volcanic activity) and anthropogenic sources (e.g. mining waste) contribute to the increase in copper pollution in different ecosystems and regions around the world. In the present study, we evaluated the bioaccumulation and effect of Cu on Raphidocelis subcapitata (freshwater algae), and the influence of Cu-contaminated food (algae) on Daphnia laevis (tropical cladoceran)...
November 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Radu Herbei, Alexander L Rytel, W Berry Lyons, Diane M McKnight, Christopher Jaros, Michael N Gooseff, John C Priscu
The McMurdo Dry Valleys constitute the largest ice free area of Antarctica. The area is a polar desert with an annual precipitation of ∼ 3 cm water equivalent, but contains several lakes fed by glacial melt water streams that flow from four to twelve weeks of the year. Over the past ∼20 years, data have been collected on the lakes located in Taylor Valley, Antarctica as part of the McMurdo Dry Valley Long-Term Ecological Research program (MCM-LTER). This work aims to understand the impact of climate variations on the biological processes in all the ecosystem types within Taylor Valley, including the lakes...
2016: PloS One
Christin M Bennke, Karen Krüger, Lennart Kappelmann, Sixing Huang, Angélique Gobet, Margarete Schüler, Valérie Barbe, Bernhard M Fuchs, Gurvan Michel, Hanno Teeling, Rudolf I Amann
Marine Bacteroidetes have pronounced capabilities of degrading high molecular weight organic matter such as proteins and polysaccharides. Previously we reported on 76 Bacteroidetes-affiliated fosmids from the North Atlantic Ocean's boreal polar and oligotrophic subtropical provinces. Here we report on the analysis of further 174 fosmids from the same libraries. The combined, re-assembled dataset (226 contigs; 8.8 Mbp) suggests that planktonic Bacteroidetes at the oligotrophic southern station use more peptides and bacterial and animal polysaccharides, whereas Bacteroidetes at the polar station (East-Greenland Current) use more algal and plant polysaccharides...
June 27, 2016: Environmental Microbiology
Chuan Zhou, Jian-jun Yu, Li Fu, Yu-jie Cui, De-fu Liu, Wei Jiang, Douglas Haffner, Lei Zhang
Planktonic algae and Related Environmental Factors were monitored during the period of algal blooms season in 2014 (Spring April 17 and summer 27 July) in Pengxi river, Three Gorges Reservoir. Mathematical statistical tools were used to analyze the community structure of planktonic algae in Pengxi River with its environmental factors. The results of sampling in spring showed that except the estuary site, S1 and the site close by, S2, the waters stratified, but without epilimnion, only had metalimnion and hypolimnion; the upstream sites had larger temperature difference between water layers than did the downstream ones; from all the 8 sampling sites from estuary to upstream, water depth, and the temperature, pH, conductivity, dissolved oxygen, chlorophyll a, TN and TP of the surface layer (0-0...
March 15, 2016: Huan Jing Ke Xue= Huanjing Kexue
Krzysztof Grabski, Natalia Baranowski, Joanna Skórko-Glonek, Zbigniew Tukaj
Although the appearance of coloured chlorophyll degradation products of higher plants is well known, knowledge about such compounds produced and released particularly by planktonic algae is still limited. Colourless conditioned media (CM) obtained from autotrophic cultures of unicellular green alga Desmosdemus subspicatus turn red after acidification. The accumulation of red pigments in the medium and the growth rate of algae were inversely correlated. The red, crude solution isolated from CM by dialysis and ion exchange chromatography, and next purified by means of high-performance liquid chromatography, appeared to be a mixture of three compounds with characteristic UV/VIS absorption maxima near 330 and 505 nm...
2016: Journal of Applied Phycology
Hanno Teeling, Bernhard M Fuchs, Christin M Bennke, Karen Krüger, Meghan Chafee, Lennart Kappelmann, Greta Reintjes, Jost Waldmann, Christian Quast, Frank Oliver Glöckner, Judith Lucas, Antje Wichels, Gunnar Gerdts, Karen H Wiltshire, Rudolf I Amann
A process of global importance in carbon cycling is the remineralization of algae biomass by heterotrophic bacteria, most notably during massive marine algae blooms. Such blooms can trigger secondary blooms of planktonic bacteria that consist of swift successions of distinct bacterial clades, most prominently members of the Flavobacteriia, Gammaproteobacteria and the alphaproteobacterial Roseobacter clade. We investigated such successions during spring phytoplankton blooms in the southern North Sea (German Bight) for four consecutive years...
2016: ELife
Adam Monier, Alexandra Z Worden, Thomas A Richards
High-throughput diversity amplicon sequencing of marine microbial samples has revealed that members of the Mamiellophyceae lineage are successful phytoplankton in many oceanic habitats. Indeed, these eukaryotic green algae can dominate the picoplanktonic biomass, however, given the broad expanses of the oceans, their geographical distributions and the phylogenetic diversity of some groups remain poorly characterized. As these algae play a foundational role in marine food webs, it is crucial to assess their global distribution in order to better predict potential changes in abundance and community structure...
August 2016: Environmental Microbiology Reports
Stefano Varrella, Giovanna Romano, Susan Costantini, Nadia Ruocco, Adrianna Ianora, Matt G Bentley, Maria Costantini
Marine organisms possess a series of cellular strategies to counteract the negative effects of toxic compounds, including the massive reorganization of gene expression networks. Here we report the modulated dose-dependent response of activated genes by diatom polyunsaturated aldehydes (PUAs) in the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus. PUAs are secondary metabolites deriving from the oxidation of fatty acids, inducing deleterious effects on the reproduction and development of planktonic and benthic organisms that feed on these unicellular algae and with anti-cancer activity...
2016: PloS One
Wojciech Uszko, Sebastian Diehl, Nadine Pitsch, Kathrin Lengfellner, Thomas Müller
The curvature of generalized Holling type functional response curves is controlled by a shape parameter b yielding hyperbolic type II (b = 1) to increasingly sigmoid type III (b > 1) responses. Empirical estimates of b vary considerably across taxa. Larger consumer-resource body mass ratios have been suggested to generate more pronounced type III responses and therefore to promote dynamic stability. The dependence of consumer- resource stability on b has, however, not been systematically explored, and the accurate empirical determination of b is challenging...
December 2015: Ecology
Alla V Bryanskaya, Tatyana K Malup, Elena V Lazareva, Oxana P Taran, Alexey S Rozanov, Vadim M Efimov, Sergey E Peltek
BACKGROUND: Nothing is currently known about microbial composition of saline lakes of the Novosibirsk region and its dependence on physical-chemical parameters of waters. We studied the structure of microbial communities of saline lakes of the Novosibirsk region and the effect of physical-chemical parameters of waters on microbial communities of these lakes. RESULTS: According to the ion content, the lakes were classified either as chloride or chloride-sulfate types...
2016: BMC Microbiology
S T Friedman, S A Price, A S Hoey, P C Wainwright
Morphological convergence plays a central role in the study of evolution. Often induced by shared ecological specialization, homoplasy hints at underlying selective pressures and adaptive constraints that deterministically shape the diversification of life. Although midwater zooplanktivory has arisen in adult surgeonfishes (family Acanthuridae) at least four independent times, it represents a clearly specialized state, requiring the capacity to swiftly swim in midwater locating and sucking small prey items...
May 2016: Journal of Evolutionary Biology
Jing Li, Feizhou Chen, Zhengwen Liu, Xiuxia Zhao, Kun Yang, Wenxuan Lu, Kai Cui
Previous studies have shown that ciliate plankton is generally controlled by food resources (e.g., algae) and predators (e.g., metazooplankton). Among lakes with similar trophic levels but different distributions of phyto- and metazooplankton, the main forces acting on ciliate assemblages may be different. We investigated the relationship between ciliate communities and bottom-up versus top-down variables based on a survey of four subtropical eutrophic lakes (China). Two of the lakes (Chaohu, Taihu) are located on the Mid-lower Yangtze Plain near sea level, and the other two (Dianchi, Xingyunhu) on the Yunnan-Kweichow Plateau at 1700 m above sea level...
April 2016: European Journal of Protistology
Lei-lei Fan, Si Li, Dan-ni Yu, Qiang He, Fang-ying Ji, Zhong-yuan Jiang, Zhi-xi Gao, Ke-hou Ao
For researching the community structure, composition, and distribution of the planktonic algae in the Three Gorges Reservoir (TRG), especially, within TRG water levels' fluctuating, mpacting to water quality with the algae's growing, 6 sampling cites in the end of the TGR's back water zone, from Chaotianmen to Taihonggang Town, are chosen to monitor, at the sensitive stages time of algal bloom between March to May 2012, namely, water levels lowing from the highest impounding. The community's structure, composition, and distribution of the planktonic algae in the TGR, and the correlation of water quality parameters and DOM's fluorescence features with algae density, are obtained...
August 2015: Guang Pu Xue Yu Guang Pu Fen Xi, Guang Pu
Enrique Lozano-Álvarez, Patricia Briones-Fourzán, Juan Pablo Huchin-Mian, Iris Segura-García, Juan Pablo Ek-Huchim, Mónica Améndola-Pimenta, Rossanna Rodríguez-Canul
Panulirus argus virus 1 (PaV1), a pathogenic virus that specifically attacks Caribbean spiny lobsters Panulirus argus, was recently detected in newly settled postlarvae of P. argus. As PaV1 appears not to be vertically transmitted, infected postlarvae likely acquire PaV1 from the water, but whether this can occur in oceanic waters where the planktonic larvae (phyllosomata) metamorphose into nektonic postlarvae remains unknown. Late-stage phyllosomata and postlarvae of P. argus were collected at distances of 2 to 100 km from the Caribbean coast of Mexico in 2 oceanographic cruises...
December 9, 2015: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
T A Belevich, L V Ilyash, I A Milyutina, M D Logacheva, D V Goryunov, A V Troitsky
Picoalgae (defined as cells smaller than 2-3 µm) include members of diverse taxonomic groups. They are an important constituent of marine plankton and ice biota and play a significant ecological role in biogeochemical cycles. Despite their importance, the true extent of their diversity has only recently been uncovered by molecular surveys. The diversity of picoeukaryotes has not yet been studied in the White Sea, which is a unique marine environment combining features of temperate and Arctic seas. Here, we investigated the taxonomic composition of eukaryotic picoalgae in ice and under-ice water at a station located in the Kandalaksha Bay of the White Sea...
November 2015: Biochemistry. Biokhimii︠a︡
James Kearns, Andrew Turner
Bismuth is a heavy metal whose biogeochemical behaviour in the marine environment is poorly defined. In this study, we exposed three different species of macroalga (the chlorophyte, Ulva lactuca, the phaeophyte, Fucus vesiculosus, and the rhodophyte, Chondrus crispus) to different concentrations of Bi (up to 50 μg L(-1)) under controlled, laboratory conditions. After a period of 48-h, the phytotoxicity of Bi was measured in terms of chlorophyll fluorescence quenching, and adsorption and internalisation of Bi determined by ICP after EDTA extraction and acid digestion, respectively...
January 2016: Environmental Pollution
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