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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332764/pelvic-musculoskeletal-dysfunctions-in-women-with-and-without-chronic-pelvic-pain
#1
Najmeh Sedighimehr, Farideh Dehghan Manshadi, Nasim Shokouhi, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban
AIM: This study aimed to compare the prevalence of pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunctions in women with and without Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP). MATERIALS &METHODS: A total of 84 women with and without CPP (42 in each group), participated in this cross-sectional analytical study. After collecting demographic information, clinical examinations were carried out to compare pelvic musculoskeletal dysfunctions between two groups. Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) goodness-of-fit, Independent t, X2 and Pearson correlation tests were used for data analysis...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330576/xipho-pubic-angle-xpa-correlates-with-patient-s-reported-outcomes-in-a-population-of-adult-spinal-deformity-results-from-a-multi-center-cohort-study
#2
Francesco Langella, Jorge Hugo Villafañe, Virginie Lafage, Justin S Smith, Christopher Shaffrey, Han Jo Kim, Douglas Burton, Richard Hostin, Shay Bess, Christopher Ames, Gregory Mundis, Eric Klineberg, Frank Schwab, Renault Lafage, Pedro Berjano
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective multi-center cohort study. PURPOSE: Sagittal misalignment causes changes in the abdominal shape. Xipho-pubic angle (XPA) has been previously described to radiographically evaluate the shape of the abdominal cavity in patients with spine deformity. The aims of this study are to evaluate the correlation of XPA-to-spinopelvic sagittal parameters and to patients' health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) scores. METHODS: 278 patients from a multi-center database with diagnosis adult spinal deformity (ASD) (one or more of: coronal Cobb angle > 20°, sagittal vertical axis (SVA) > 50 mm, pelvic tilt (PT) > 25°, and thoracic kyphosis > 60°) were included...
January 12, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325354/-excision-of-giant-desmoid-in-the-abdominal-wall-method-of-abdominal-wall-reconstruction-and-follow-up-of-long-termed-effect
#3
Y Fei, J Y Li
Objective: To explore the ideal procedure of excision and repair for giant desmoid in the abdominal wall and long-termed follow-up results. Methods: Clinical and follow-up data of 24 patients with giant desmoid in the abdominal wall underwent radical removal and immediate abdominal wall reconstruction in Diagnostic and Therapeutic Center of Hernia and Abdominal Wall Diseases, First Affiliated Hospital of People's Liberation Army General Hospital from October 2006 to October 2016 were analyzed retrospectively...
January 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323690/premature-adrenarche
#4
Laura Novello, Phyllis W Speiser
Adrenarche is when a child's adrenal cortex starts to secrete adrenal androgen precursors. Dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) is the most abundant product of the adrenal cortex, and is a weak androgen agonist thought to be responsible for the clinical signs of pubarche by conversion to more potent androgens, testosterone, and dihydrotestosterone. DHEA's extra-adrenal sulfation product, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate, is a stable marker for adrenal androgenic activity. Pubarche is the physical manifestation of androgenic hormone production, and includes the development of pubic and axillary hair, adult body odor, and acne...
January 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29320800/risks-of-preterm-premature-rupture-of-membranes-and-preterm-birth-post-fetoscopy-based-on-location-of-trocar-insertion-site
#5
Ramen H Chmait, Andrew H Chon, Lisa M Korst, Arlyn Llanes, Eftichia V Kontopoulos, Ruben A Quintero
OBJECTIVE:  The objective of this study was to assess whether the location of the trocar insertion site for laser treatment of twin-twin transfusion syndrome was associated with preterm-premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) and preterm birth (PTB). STUDY DESIGN:  In this study trocar location was documented in the operating room. Lower uterine segment (LUS) location was defined as any insertion <10 cm vertically from the pubic symphysis. Lateral location was defined as ≥5 cm horizontally from the midline...
January 10, 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318419/prolapsed-bladder-following-rupture-of-patent-urachal-cyst-mimicking-bladder-exstrophy-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#6
Kasemsri Srisupundit, Phitsanu Mahawong, Cholaros Charoenratana, Theera Tongsong
A 26-year-old pregnant woman was diagnosed with fetal bladder prolapse following rupture of a patent urachus/urachal cyst, based on the finding of cyst disappearance with replacement with an infra-umbilical, extra-abdominal solid soft-tissue mass, mimicking bladder exstrophy. The neonatal findings confirmed the prenatal diagnosis. The baby was healthy and had a successful surgical correction. This report provides clues to differentiating ruptured bladder prolapse from bladder exstrophy as follows: (1) well-documented urachal cyst with urine-filled mass in the early gestation, (2) development of solid soft-tissue mass shortly after disappearance of the urachal cyst, and (3) no other structural abnormalities (bladder exstrophy is usually associated with abnormal genitalia, epispadias, or pubic diastasis)...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Medical Ultrasonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29305945/urosymphyseal-fistulas-resulting-from-endoscopic-treatment-of-radiation-induced-posterior-urethral-strictures
#7
Daniel D Shapiro, David C Goodspeed, Wade Bushman
Objective To describe the inciting events leading to urosymphyseal fistulas (UF) and pubic osteomyelitis (PO) in patients who had radiation induced urethral strictures. Materials and Methods We retrospectively reviewed patients who underwent simultaneous pubic debridement, simple cystectomy and urinary diversion for refractory UF and PO from 2014-2016. We investigated inciting events leading to UF as well as patient presenting symptoms, diagnosis, management, and outcomes. Results Five patients were identified over a two-year period...
January 3, 2018: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300255/peripartum-perineal-hernia-a-case-report-and-a-review-of-the-literature
#8
Katherine N Hines, Gopal H Badlani, Catherine A Matthews
OBJECTIVES: This article reviews the literature for the management and repair of perineal hernias and presents a previously undescribed case of perineal bladder herniation after intrapartum pubic symphysis rupture. METHODS: A review of the literature was completed through the PubMed database using the search terms "bladder," "canal of Nuck," "labial hernia," "gynecology," "hernia," "obstetrics," "perineal hernia," "postpartum," "pubic diastasis," "pubic symphysis," "vaginal delivery," "symphyseal rupture," and "symphyseal separation...
January 3, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29288123/correlations-between-sonographic-and-urodynamic-findings-after-mid-urethral-sling-surgery
#9
Lieming Wen, Ka Lai Shek, Subramaniam Nishamini, Friedman Talia, Hans Peter Dietz
PURPOSE: To study correlations between sonographic and urodynamic findings after suburethral sling surgery. METHODS: This is a retrospective study on 141 women who had multichannel urodynamic testing and translabial 4D ultrasound after suburethral sling surgery between 2006 and 2016. The sling-pubis gap, i.e., the distance between sling and infero-posterior margin of the pubic symphysis on Valsalva, and urethral motion profile were determined. The urethral motion profile was assessed by calculating the mobility vectors of 6 equidistant points along the length of urethra from bladder neck to external urethral meatus, against the dorsocaudal margin of the symphysis pubis on Valsalva...
December 26, 2017: Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284470/improving-equity-in-health-care-financing-in-china-during-the-progression-towards-universal-health-coverage
#10
Mingsheng Chen, Andrew J Palmer, Lei Si
BACKGROUND: China is reforming the way it finances health care as it moves towards Universal Health Coverage (UHC) after the failure of market-oriented mechanisms for health care. Improving financing equity is a major policy goal of health care system during the progression towards universal coverage. METHODS: We used progressivity analysis and dominance test to evaluate the financing channels of general taxation, pubic health insurance, and out-of-pocket (OOP) payments...
December 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279754/assessment-of-the-relationship-between-pelvic-tilt-and-the-sacro-femoral-pubic-angle-in-middle-aged-and-elderly-asian-individuals
#11
Takanori Kitagawa, Yoichi Iizuka, Hiroki Kobayashi, Tokue Mieda, Daisuke Tsunoda, Atsushi Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Tajika, Haku Iizuka, Kenji Takagishi
Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the correlation between pelvic tilt (PT) and the sacro-femoral-pubic (SFP) angle, which is easier to identify than PT, in middle-aged and elderly Asian subjects from the general population. Overview of Literature: Measuring PT is important in the diagnosis and treatment of adult spinal deformity. However, identifying femoral heads, which are necessary to determine PT, using sagittal radiographs is often difficult...
December 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278670/a-novel-compound-heterozygous-mutation-in-the-cyp17a1-gene-in-a-patient-with-17%C3%AE-hydroxylase-17-20-lyase-deficiency
#12
Mengli Sun, Xiaoqing Yan, Anyun Feng, Xuemei Wu, Enling Ye, Huiying Wu, Xuemian Lu, Hong Yang
PURPOSE: 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency is a rare disease caused by mutation of the CYP17A1 gene, resulting in hypertension, hypokalemia, alkalosis, female hypogonadism, and male pseudohermaphroditism. Here we report a case of a 15-year-old girl with 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase deficiency, and analyze her clinical and molecular genetic characteristics. PATIENT AND METHODS: A 15-year-old Chinese girl had fever, fatigue, high blood pressure, and blood potassium level being significantly lower than normal...
November 2017: Discovery Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29278519/gnrh-dependent-precocious-puberty-manifested-at-the-age-of-14-months-in-a-girl-with-47-xxx-karyotype
#13
Nicos Skordis, Eleana Ferrari, Aria Antoniadou, Leonidas A Phylactou, Pavlos Fanis, Vassos Neocleous
This case report describes a 47,XXX girl who presented very early, at the age of 14 months, with signs of sexual precocity (breast and pubic hair development, menarche) and was finally diagnosed with GnRH dependent precocious puberty with no evidence of underlying central nervous system pathology. Molecular testing did not identify any genetic defect in any of the genes tested (KISS1, KISS1R, DLK1 and the intronless MKRN3). Though previous studies have shown a link between karyotype 47,XXX and precocious puberty, this is the youngest patient reported so far...
July 2017: Hormones: International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277793/retzius-sparing-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy-associated-with-less-bladder-neck-descent-and-better-early-continence-outcome
#14
Li-Wen Chang, Sheng-Chun Hung, Ju-Chuan Hu, Kun-Yuan Chiu
BACKGROUND/AIM: We attempted to evaluate the association of early continence outcome of Retzius-sparing robotic assisted radical prostatectomy (RARP) and bladder neck descent with postoperative cystography. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From November 2014 to December 2015, 30 patients with prostate cancer who received Retzius-sparing LRP/ RARP were compared to 30 patients that received retropubic approach RARP with propensity score matching analysis. Cystogram was used to evaluate the bladder neck descent using the bladder neck to pubic symphysis (BNPS) ratio and the continence state was evaluated...
January 2018: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29277656/unmasking-of-urinary-pubic-symphysis-fistula-upf-after-implantation-of-artificial-urinary-sphincter-in-prostate-cancer-survivors-user-beware-url-d-17-02187
#15
Arman A Kahokehr, Andrew C Peterson
OBJECTIVE: To describe the dramatic and rapid unmaking of Urinary pubic symphysis fistula and chronic osteomyelitis (UPF) following artificial urinary sphincter implantation (AUS). This has never been reported as UPF is usually an insidious sequelae of radiotherapy/energy ablation for prostate cancer (PCa). METHODS: We prospectively identified men who underwent rapid clinical decline due to UPF soon after AUS implantation at our institution in the previous 24 months...
December 22, 2017: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276058/robot-assisted-anterior-pelvic-exenteration-in-vulvovaginal-malignant-melanoma
#16
Se Ik Kim, Seungmee Lee, Chang Wook Jeong, Hee Seung Kim
OBJECTIVE: Melanomas of the vulva and vagina are rare, and surgery is the gold standard of treatment [1, 2]. Since recent studies have reported pelvic exenteration by using robotic surgical system [3, 4], we showed the surgical procedures of robot-assisted anterior pelvic exenteration (rAPE) with ileal conduit urinary diversion for vulvovaginal malignant melanoma. METHODS: A 55-year-old woman who received vaginal wall resection due to vaginal malignant melanoma 8months before was referred...
December 21, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250682/extramammary-paget-s-disease-in-an-hiv-positive-patient
#17
Constantin Căruntu, Sabina Andrada Zurac, GheorghiŢă Jugulete, Daniel Boda
Extramammary Paget's disease (EMPD) is an uncommon intraepithelial carcinoma usually found as an irregular, pruritic plaque on the apocrine-rich anogenital skin. Diagnosis of EMPD is challenging due to the rarity of the disease and the uncharacteristic clinical aspect and requires histopathological confirmation. We report the case of a 62-year-old human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive male, which presents with a lesion of the left part of pubic area with clinical and dermatoscopic appearance suggestive for Bowen's disease but with histopathological diagnosis of EMPD...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29250525/early-surgical-intervention-following-inguinal-hernia-repair-with-severe-postoperative-pain
#18
Ferdinand Köckerling, Christine Schug-Pass
Introduction: Severe postoperative pain is an important risk factor for onset of chronic inguinal pain following inguinal hernia repair. All measures must be taken to eliminate postoperative pain. Materials and methods: This case report highlights the problems of severe postoperative pain following transabdominal preperitoneal patch plasty (TAPP) inguinal hernia repair and describes a systematic treatment path that may include surgical intervention. Results: Following TAPP operation for lateral inguinal hernia, this patient who had been operated on in an external hospital still experienced intense, stabbing inguinal pain on postoperative day 7 during movement, despite optimal pain treatment...
2017: Frontiers in Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247322/a-biomechanical-study-of-sacroiliac-rod-fixation-for-unstable-pelvic-ring-injuries-verification-of-the-within-ring-concept
#19
Kentaro Futamura, Tomonori Baba, Atsuhiko Mogami, Itaru Morohashi, Osamu Obayashi, Hideaki Iwase, Kazuo Kaneko
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare the fixation power of sacroiliac rod fixation (SIRF), which was developed based on our original "within ring" concept to exclude the lumbar vertebra from the fixation range, and spinopelvic fixation (SPF) in a biomechanical experiment. METHODS: SPF and SIRF were applied to the posterior element in four bones each with the pelvic ring fracture model (AO/OTA classification 61-C1.3). A 300-N axial force was loaded on the fifth lumbar vertebra of the simulated pelvis...
December 15, 2017: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245295/lymphangiomatosis-involving-the-pulmonary-and-extrapulmonary-lymph-nodes-and-surrounding-soft-tissue-a-rare-case-report
#20
Xuhua Fang, Ziling Huang, Yu Zeng, Xuyou Zhu, Siqi Wang, Xiaoting Yu, Xian Li, Chunyan Wu, Xianghua Yi
BACKGROUND: Diffuse pulmonary lymphangiomatosis (DPL) mainly affects the lung and pleura. There are very few pathological reports of lung damage accompanied by diffuse involvement of the extrapulmonary lymph nodes and surrounding soft tissue. The clinicopathological significance of coexistence of pulmonary and extrapulmonary lesions is unknown. METHODS: Here, we report a 16-year-old male patient. The pathological specimens of the supraclavicular lymph node and soft tissue together with the lung biopsy were analyzed by pathological observation and immunohistochemical staining...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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