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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819940/the-analysis-of-repeatability-and-reproducibility-of-bladder-neck-mobility-measurements-obtained-during-pelvic-floor-sonography-performed-introitally-with-2d-transvaginal-probe
#1
Edyta Wlaźlak, Tomasz Kluz, Jacek Kociszewski, Karolina Frachowicz, Magdalena Janowska, Wiktor Wlaźlak, Grzegorz Surkont
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was the evaluation of repeatability and reproducibility of chosen urethral neck mobility measurements obtained during introital pelvic floor sonography performed with a 2D transvaginal probe. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In order to assess the repeatability and reproducibility, independent measurements on the ultra-sound image were taken by two specialists on 92 female patients at rest and at strain (Valsalva maneuver). 2D ultrasound examination was performed introitally with a transvaginal probe (PFS-TV)...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819611/acute-stress-fracture-of-the-pelvis-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-report
#2
Oluwaseun Akinbo, Vineet Tyagi
INTRODUCTION: Acute hip pain following total hip arthroplasty (THA) could have numerous causes to include stress fracture of the pelvis. Stress fractures of the pelvis are rare and have been reported to involve the medial wall and the pubic ramus. A unique case is presented demonstrating the clinical presentation and management of an acute stress fracture of ilium and anterior column following a THA. CASE REPORT: A 72-year-old man underwent an uncomplicated right THA...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814574/a-dinosaur-missing-link-chilesaurus-and-the-early-evolution-of-ornithischian-dinosaurs
#3
Matthew G Baron, Paul M Barrett
The enigmatic dinosaur taxon Chilesaurus diegosuarezi was originally described as a tetanuran theropod, but this species possesses a highly unusual combination of features that could provide evidence of alternative phylogenetic positions within the clade. In order to test the relationships of Chilesaurus, we added it to a new dataset of early dinosaurs and other dinosauromorphs. Our analyses recover Chilesaurus in a novel position, as the earliest diverging member of Ornithischia, rather than a tetanuran theropod...
August 2017: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28813560/prevalence-of-pubic-hair-grooming-related-injuries-and-identification-of-high-risk-individuals-in-the-united-states
#4
Matthew D Truesdale, E Charles Osterberg, Thomas W Gaither, Mohannad A Awad, Molly A Elmer-DeWitt, Siobhan Sutcliffe, Isabel Allen, Benjamin N Breyer
Importance: Pubic hair grooming is a common practice that can lead to injury and morbidity. Objective: To identify demographic and behavioral risk factors associated with pubic hair grooming-related injuries to characterize individuals with high risk of injury and develop recommendations for safe grooming practices. Design, Setting, and Participants: This cross-sectional study conducted a national survey of noninstitutionalized US adults (aged 18-65 years)...
August 16, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800472/phthalate-and-bisphenol-a-exposure-during-in-utero-windows-of-susceptibility-in-relation-to-reproductive-hormones-and-pubertal-development-in-girls
#5
Deborah J Watkins, Brisa N Sánchez, Martha Maria Téllez-Rojo, Joyce M Lee, Adriana Mercado-García, Clara Blank-Goldenberg, Karen E Peterson, John D Meeker
BACKGROUND: Over the past several decades, the age of pubertal onset in girls has shifted downward worldwide. As early pubertal onset is associated with increased risky behavior and psychological issues during adolescence and cardiometabolic disease and cancer in adulthood, this is an important public health concern. Exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals during critical windows of in utero development may play a role in this trend. Our objective was to investigate trimester-specific phthalate and BPA exposure in relation to pubertal development among girls in the Early Life Exposure in Mexico to Environmental Toxicants (ELEMENT) birth cohort...
August 8, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796685/using-an-elastic-band-device-after-a-severe-obstetric-pubic-symphyseal-separation-clinical-and-imaging-evaluation
#6
Jeremy Lasbleiz, François-Xavier Sevestre, Pierre-Yves Moquet
BACKGROUND: Severe separation of the pubic symphysis is a rare delivery complication. Facing this pathology, we decided to study a new elastic band device. METHOD: To evaluate the elastic band device, clinical (pain-rated) and imaging (magnetic resonance imaging and radiography) evaluations with and without the device were performed. The elastic band device is a European Conformity-certified medical device, which is made of neoprene straps, that reduces the mobility of the pelvis and the use of the internal rotator muscles...
August 4, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28783855/the-preference-of-women-and-men-regarding-female-genital-depilation
#7
Maria Luiza Prudente de Oliveira Sangiorgi, Lucia Alves da Silva Lara, Maria Rita Lerri, Rui Alberto Ferriani, Adriana Peterson Mariano Salata Romão
Purpose To evaluate the preferences of women and men regarding female pubic hair depilation and identify possible reasons for these preferences. Methods This is a cross-sectional study of men and women over 18 years old who were invited by the official blog of our institution to respond anonymously to an online and self-administered questionnaire made by the researchers. The analyses were made using the Statistical Analysis System (SAS, SAS Inc., Cary, NC, US) software, version 9.3, and contingency tables were used to verify the distribution of variables...
August 7, 2017: Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774219/nonoperative-management-and-rehabilitation-of-osteitis-pubis-pubic-bone-stress-in-professional-soccer-players-a-report-of-5-cases
#8
Stephen S McAleer, Ed Lippie, Darcy Norman, Helge Riepenhof
Study Design Case series. Background Pubic bone stress (PBS) is a common acute or chronic response of the pelvis in sports where sprinting, kicking, twisting and cutting are the dominant movements. Little literature exists regarding non-operative rehabilitation strategies for the condition and the outcome of conservative treatment has not been documented. Case Description Five professional and aspiring professional soccer players complaining of pubic symphysis pain, confirmed as PBS on magnetic resonance imaging and objective assessment...
August 3, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770383/age-estimation-at-death-using-pubic-bone-analysis-of-a-virtual-reference-sample
#9
Frédéric Savall, Fabrice Hérin, Pierre Antoine Peyron, Daniel Rougé, Eric Baccino, Pauline Saint-Martin, Norbert Telmon
Age at death estimation is a major part of forensic anthropology, but is often poor in the latter decades of life and should benefit from specific population standards. The aim of this study was to test a virtual reference sample with a uniform age distribution in order to improve the accuracy of age estimation for individuals over 40 years of age. We retrospectively built a random virtual reference sample of pubic symphyses from 1100 clinical cases using computed tomography at two French hospitals; this was compared with a test sample (pubic symphyses from 75 corpses undergoing post-mortem computed tomography at a French forensic department) and with the sample originally used in the Suchey-Brooks (SB) system...
August 2, 2017: International Journal of Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768259/prospective-controlled-study-of-invasiveness-and-post-aggression-metabolism-in-patients-undergoing-robotic-assisted-radical-prostatectomy
#10
Andreas Martinschek, Lisa Stumm, Manuel Ritter, Elmar Heinrich, Christian Bolenz, Lutz Trojan
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate in a prospective, controlled, nonrandomized study the surgical stress and acute-phase systemic response in robotic-assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy (RALP) compared to open radical retro-pubic prostatectomy (ORRP) by measuring humoral mediators. METHODS: Forty consecutive patients undergoing either RALP or ORRP were prospectively included to assess the extent of systemic response. Blood samples were collected before surgery (T1), at the time of prostatectomy (T2), at the time of wound closure (T3), and 12 h (T4), 24 h (T5), and 48 h (T6) after surgery, and assayed for interleukins (IL-6 and IL-10), C-reactive protein (CRP), and hemoglobin...
July 29, 2017: Urologia Internationalis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764142/sex-determination-by-biometry-of-anterior-features-of-human-hip-bones-in-south-indian-population
#11
Sssn Rajasekhar, T K Vasudha, K Aravindhan
INTRODUCTION: Sex determination is the first step in establishing the identity of skeletal remains. Many studies included biometry of posterior features of hip bone. Very few studies are reported involving the biometry of anterior features of the hip bone. Anterior features of hip bone are important especially, if there is damage to the posterior features of hip bone in cases involving deliberate disfigurement of the body to resist identification of the crime in medicolegal cases. AIM: The present study was done to evaluate the effectiveness of anterior border parameters of the hip bone for prediction of sex using discriminant function analysis in South Indian population...
June 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757655/traditional-gymnastic-exercises-for-the-pelvic-floor-often-lead-to-bladder-neck-descent-a-study-using-perineal-ultrasound
#12
Kaven Baeßler, Bärbel Junginger
BACKGROUND: The aims of physiotherapy in stress incontinent women are to improve pelvic floor function and the continence mechanism including bladder neck support and urethral closure pressure. In Germany, traditional conservative treatment often includes gymnastic exercises with unclear effects on the bladder neck. The aim of this study was to sonographically assess bladder neck movements during selected exercises. METHODS: Fifteen healthy, continent women without previous vaginal births, who were able to voluntarily contract their pelvic floor muscels performed the shoulder bridge, the abdominal press, tiptoe and the Pilates clam exercises...
July 2017: Geburtshilfe und Frauenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28753868/outcomes-of-early-endoscopic-realignment-versus-suprapubic-cystostomy-and-delayed-urethroplasty-for-pelvic-fracture-related-posterior-urethral-injuries-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Pieter Jan Elshout, Erik Veskimae, Steven MacLennan, Yuhong Yuan, Nicolaas Lumen, Michael Gonsalves, Noam D Kitrey, Davendra M Sharma, Duncan J Summerton, Franklin E Kuehhas
CONTEXT: The evidence base for optimal acute management of pelvic fracture-related posterior urethral injuries needs to be reviewed because of evolving endoscopic techniques. The current standard of care is suprapubic cystostomy followed by delayed urethroplasty. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the evidence base comparing early endoscopic realignment with cystostomy and delayed urethroplasty regarding stricture rate, the need for subsequent procedures, and functional outcomes...
April 6, 2017: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750865/human-head-lice-and-pubic-lice-reveal-the-presence-of-several-acinetobacter-species-in-algiers-algeria
#14
Nassima Mana, Meriem Louni, Philippe Parola, Idir Bitam
There are two majorspecies of medically important lice that parasitize humans: Phthirus pubis, found in pubic hair, and Pediculus humanus. Pediculus humanus consists of two eco types that live in specific niches on the human host: body lice (Pediculus humanus humanus), found on the human body and clothing, and head lice (Pediculus humanus capitis), found on the scalp. To date, only body lice are known to be vectors of human disease; however, it has recently been reported that the DNA of several bacterial agents has been detected in head lice, raising questions about their role in the transmission of pathogens...
August 2017: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750633/urinary-bisphenol-a-and-pubertal-development-in-chinese-school-aged-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#15
Maohua Miao, Ziliang Wang, Xiaoqin Liu, Hong Liang, Zhijun Zhou, Hui Tan, Wei Yuan, De-Kun Li
BACKGROUND: Animal studies suggest that bisphenol A (BPA) may perturb pubertal development in females. However, evidence from human studies is limited. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study to investigate the association between BPA exposure and pubertal development in school-aged girls. A total of 655 girls aged 9-18 years were selected from three schools in Shanghai, from May to June 2011. We collected one single spot urine sample from each girl. Urine BPA concentrations were measured by modified high-performance liquid chromatography and categorized according to LOD and the median of those above LOD...
July 27, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28741303/open-retropubic-colposuspension-for-urinary-incontinence-in-women
#16
REVIEW
Marie Carmela M Lapitan, June D Cody, Atefeh Mashayekhi
BACKGROUND: Urinary incontinence is a common and potentially debilitating problem. Stress urinary, incontinence as the most common type of incontinence, imposes significant health and economic burdens on society and the women affected. Open retropubic colposuspension is a surgical treatment which involves lifting the tissues near the bladder neck and proximal urethra in the area behind the anterior pubic bones to correct deficient urethral closure to correct stress urinary incontinence...
July 25, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735117/pubic-osteomyelitis-after-surgery-for-perforated-colonic-diverticulitis-with-fecal-peritonitis-a-case-report
#17
Daichi Kitaguchi, Tsuyoshi Enomoto, Yusuke Ohara, Tatsuya Oda, Nobuhiro Ohkohchi
INTRODUCTION: Pubic osteomyelitis is a rare type of suppurative osteomyelitis. Early diagnosis of pubic osteomyelitis is difficult, and prolonged inflammation results in progressive bone degradation, severe pelvic pain and a wide-based gait. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report the case of an 82-year-old woman who was admitted to a previous hospital with severe abdominal pain caused by a perforated colonic diverticulum with fecal peritonitis. She underwent an emergency operation and a postoperative wound infection occurred...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28735116/surgical-technique-of-percutaneous-iliosacral-screw-fixation-in-s3-level-in-unstable-pelvic-fracture-with-closed-degloving-injury-and-morrell-lavallee-lesion-two-case-reports
#18
Ismail H Dilogo, Jessica Fiolin
INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous screw fixation is considered the best option in unstable pelvic fracture with severe soft tissue injury. However, fixation technique at the level of S3 has not been well established. This paper showed the feasible surgical technique of S3 screw insertion in unstable pelvic fracture with severe soft tissue injury. METHODS: We reported 2 cases of unstable pelvic injury of an 11 years old boy with Marvin-Tile (MT) C1 pelvic fracture with sacroiliac (SI) joint disruption, skin avulsion and Morel-Lavallée lesion...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733228/progressive-erosion-of-the-relaxin1-gene-in-bovids
#19
Loggan Malone, Juan C Opazo, Peter L Ryan, Federico G Hoffmann
The relaxin/insulin-like (RLN/INSL) gene family is a group of genes that encode peptide hormones involved in a variety of physiological functions related to reproduction. Previous studies have shown that relaxin plays a key role in widening of the pubic bone during labor and in gamete maturation. Because of these functions, studying the evolution of RLN1, the gene encoding for relaxin, is relevant in livestock species, most of which belong in the group Laurasiatheria, which includes cow, pig, horse, goat, and sheep in addition to bats, cetaceans and carnivores...
July 19, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727316/primary-inguinal-hernia-the-open-repair-today-pros-and-cons
#20
REVIEW
Giampiero Campanelli, Piero Giovanni Bruni, Andrea Morlacchi, Francesca Lombardo, Marta Cavalli
Open anterior repair for inguinal hernia offers several distinct advantages over endoscopic repair, especially when real-world effectiveness is taken into account. The learning curve for endoscopic techniques is long, whereas the Lichtenstein and other open tension-free techniques are easier to teach and replicate at all levels. The outcomes of Lichtenstein repairs for primary inguinal hernia as performed by non-experts and supervised residents are comparable to those of experts. Moreover, open tension-free repair does not require expensive instruments or dedicated equipment, other than the prosthetic mesh...
August 2017: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
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