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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909738/prostate-bed-target-interfractional-motion-using-rtog-consensus-definitions-and-daily-ct-on-rails-does-target-motion-differ-between-superior-and-inferior-portions-of-the-clinical-target-volume
#1
Vivek Verma, Shifeng Chen, Sumin Zhou, Charles A Enke, Andrew O Wahl
PURPOSE: Using high-quality CT-on-rails imaging, the daily motion of the prostate bed clinical target volume (PB-CTV) based on consensus Radiation Therapy Oncology Group (RTOG) definitions (instead of surgical clips/fiducials) was studied. It was assessed whether PB motion in the superior portion of PB-CTV (SUP-CTV) differed from the inferior PB-CTV (INF-CTV). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eight pT2-3bN0-1M0 patients underwent postprostatectomy intensity-modulated radiotherapy, totaling 300 fractions...
December 1, 2016: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903360/-update-on-pubertal-development-among-primary-school-students-in-shanghai-2014
#2
Y Chen, Y T Zhang, C Chen, Y R Jiang, Y J Song, S J Liu, F Jiang
Objective: To investigate the current prevalence of pubertal development in healthy Shanghai schoolchildren. Methods: This study was a cross-sectional investigation focused on current pubertal development conducted in healthy Shanghai schoolchildren by multi-stage cluster sampling. The sample included 17 571 children in grades 1-5 investigated in June 2014. The data were weighted by inverse probability weighting (IPW) to make them more representative. At examination, stages of breast and pubic hair development were rated according to the Tanner method...
November 6, 2016: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891437/nevus-lipomatosus-cutaneous-superficialis-a-rare-hamartoma-report-of-two-cases
#3
Mayank Goyal, Vaishali Hainath Wankhade, Jayesh Ishwardas Mukhi, Rajesh Pratap Singh
Nevus Lipomatosus Cutaneous Superficialis (NLCS) is a rare benign hamartomatous disorder in which mature collection of adipocytes are present ectopically in the dermis. NLCS usually presents as multiple, soft, pedunculated, cerebriform, yellowish or skin colored papules, nodules, or plaques, mostly involving the pelvic or gluteal region. We herewith report two cases of adult onset classical NLCS. First case had a classical presentation with lesion on lower back while second case was associated with some unusual features like occurrence on pubic area and associated comedo-like lesions...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882767/-traumatic-symphyseal-rupture-by-vaginal-delivery-report-of-a-rare-case
#4
J Hofierková
OBJECTIVE: This case report draw attention symphysis pubic dysfunction and injury pelvic girdle by vaginal delivary (in our case compliated by dystokia shoulders), mainly its diagnostic, prediction and treatment. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology. Hospital Česká Lípa. CASE REPORT: We report a case of a 31 years old woman, who gave birth for the second time with rupture of symphysis after delivery...
2016: Ceská Gynekologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871095/investigation-of-pelvic-injuries-on-eighteen-post-mortem-human-subjects-submitted-to-oblique-lateral-impacts
#5
Matthieu Lebarbé, Pascal Baudrit, Pascal Potier, Philippe Petit, Xavier Trosseille, Sabine Compigne, Mitsutoshi Masuda, Takumi Fujii, Richard Douard
The aim of this study was to investigate the sacroiliac joint injury mechanism. Two test configurations were selected from full scale car crashes conducted with the WorldSID 50(th) dummy resulting in high sacroiliac joint loads and low pubic symphysis force, i.e. severe conditions for the sacroiliac joint. The two test conditions were reproduced in laboratory using a 150-155 kg guided probe propelled respectively at 8 m/s and 7.5 m/s and with different shapes and orientations for the plate impacting the pelvis...
November 2016: Stapp Car Crash Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860404/perineal-alveolar-soft-part-sarcoma-treated-by-laparoscopy-assisted-total-pelvic-exenteration-combined-with-pubic-resection
#6
Toshisada Aiba, Keisuke Uehara, Satoshi Tsukushi, Yasushi Yoshino, Tomoki Ebata, Yukihiro Yokoyama, Tsuyoshi Igami, Gen Sugawara, Masato Nagino
A 20-year-old woman with a perineal alveolar soft part sarcoma was referred to our hospital. MRI showed that an irregular oval tumor occupied the perineum. The tumor was contiguous to the vagina, rectum, levator muscle, and pubis and was diagnosed as alveolar soft part sarcoma by transvaginal biopsy. Laparoscopy-assisted total pelvic exenteration combined with a pubic resection was performed, and an R0 resection with a wide margin was achieved. It is well known that only R0 resection improves the outcome of patients with localized alveolar soft part sarcoma...
November 10, 2016: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858917/prospective-study-of-the-neurotopographic-adequacy-of-transverse-incision-in-lichtenstein-inguinal-hernioplasty
#7
Carlos J L Mendes, Rodrigo A Silva, Daniel P A Neto, Isabela Brianti, Kassem Saleh, Mirna D Barros, Sergio Roll, Adhemar M Pacheco
Lichtenstein technique requires identification of the iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal, and genital branch of the genitofemoral nerves.The aim of the study was to verify if the transverse incision is suitable for identification of the iliohypogastric, ilioinguinal, and genital branch of the genitofemoral nerves.This study included 29 patients who underwent hernioplasty, and also 10 dissections of the inguinal regions from 5 cadavers. The anthropometric measurements included: incision size (IS) and topography, pubic angle (PA), body mass index (BMI), and the distance from the pubis to the incision and bi-iliac crest plane...
November 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856389/mini-laparoscopy-of-removal-partial-adnexae-at-the-time-of-hysterectomy
#8
António Gutierrez Setúbal, João Sequeira Alves, Olga Lavado, Joana Faria
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To describe our technique of mini laparoscopic adnexectomy or salpingectomy at the time of total laparoscopic hysterectomy DESIGN: Step-by-step video explanation of our technique SETTING: The advantages of laparoscopic surgery have been widely recognised in the past two decades: improved vision, exposure, reduction in operative trauma because of smaller incisions and more gentle tissue´s handling, that result in a faster postoperative recovery. The technology development has allowed the use of smaller caliber instruments while maintaining the high standard surgical performance...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852030/-a-case-of-pol-iii-related-leukodystrophy-with-homozygous-mutation-in-polr3a
#9
Tomoaki Shima, Takeshi Fujimoto, Teiichiro Miyazaki, Fumiaki Nonaka
We describe a 27-year-old man with mental retardation, symptomatic epilepsy, myopia, and cerebellar ataxia without spontaneous puberty whose brain magnetic resonance imaging showed hypomyelination. He had child-like facial appearance, with thin facial hair. He had no underarm and pubic hairs, and his penis was small. Laboratory tests showed low levels of luteinizing hormone, follicle-stimulating hormone, and testosterone. Brain MRI showed diffuse hypomyelination, atrophy of the cerebellum and brainstem, and hypoplastic corpus callosum...
November 2016: Brain and Nerve, Shinkei Kenkyū No Shinpo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836531/childhood-sexual-abuse-and-early-timing-of-puberty
#10
Jennie G Noll, Penelope K Trickett, Jeffrey D Long, Sonya Negriff, Elizabeth J Susman, Idan Shalev, Jacinda C Li, Frank W Putnam
PURPOSE: The purpose was to examine whether the timing of puberty, indexed by breast development and pubic hair development, was earlier for sexually abused females compared with a matched comparison group of nonabused females, controlling for key alternative confounds. METHODS: A cohort of sexually abused females and matched comparisons was followed longitudinally at mean ages 11 through 20 years. Sexually abused participants (N = 84) were referred by protective services...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27834317/is-age-at-puberty-associated-with-semen-quality-and-reproductive-hormones-in-young-adult-life
#11
Lea Lb Lauridsen, Linn H Arendt, Henrik Støvring, Jørn Olsen, Cecilia H Ramlau-Hansen
The evidence is scarce on the association between age at puberty and semen quality. A cohort of 320 Danish men aged 18-21 years enrolled in the "Healthy Habits for Two" birth cohort provided self-reported data on pubertal indicators and delivered semen and blood samples. The results indicated an association between older age at pubertal development and lower semen quality and altered reproductive hormones concentrations as measured in young adult life. Men who had their first nocturnal emission, start of pubic hair growth and first voice break episode when older than 15 years had 37...
November 4, 2016: Asian Journal of Andrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827292/infection-and-pubertal-timing-a-systematic-review
#12
J A McDonald, S M Eng, O O Dina, C M Schooling, M B Terry
The decline in age of pubertal timing has serious public health implications ranging from psychosocial adjustment problems to a possible increase in reproductive cancers. One biologically plausible explanation for the decline is a decrease in exposures to infections. To systematically review studies that assess the role of infection in pubertal timing, Medline, Web of Science and EMBASE were systematically searched and retrieved studies were reviewed for eligibility. Eligible studies examined the association between infections, including microbial exposures, and physical pubertal characteristics (breast, genitalia and pubic hair development) or age at menarche...
December 2016: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826446/poorly-recognized-age-related-downward-deviation-of-the-inguinal-ligament
#13
Yassir Nawaz, Mihir Barvalia, Gurinder Rana, M Zain Khakwani, Khizr Azim, Rahul Patel, Sohira Idrees, Gail Baker, Marc Cohen, Najam Wasty
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors affecting actual inguinal ligament course in live human subjects. INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: Although the expected inguinal ligament course is supposedly a straight line extending from anterior superior iliac spine to pubic tubercle, the actual inguinal ligament course is frequently depicted a priori by a downward bowing dotted line. There are no studies in a live subject supporting this assumption. We hypothesized this assumption is indeed valid and is related to among other factors a lifelong effect of gravity and lax abdominal musculature on the inguinal ligament course...
2016: SAGE Open Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824927/glucose-6-phosphate-dehydrogenase-deficiency-and-physical-and-mental-health-until-adolescence
#14
Man Ki Kwok, Gabriel M Leung, C Mary Schooling
BACKGROUND: To examine the association of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency with adolescent physical and mental health, as effects of G6PD deficiency on health are rarely reported. METHODS: In a population-representative Chinese birth cohort: "Children of 1997" (n = 8,327), we estimated the adjusted associations of G6PD deficiency with growth using generalized estimating equations, with pubertal onset using interval censored regression, with hospitalization using Cox proportional hazards regression and with size, blood pressure, pubertal maturation and mental health using linear regression with multiple imputation and inverse probability weighting...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819752/a-prospective-randomized-controlled-multicentre-trial-comparing-intravesical-dmso-and-chondro%C3%A3-tin-sulphate-2-for-painful-bladder-syndrome-interstitial-cystitis
#15
Manuela Tutolo, Enrico Ammirati, Giulia Castagna, Katrien Klockaerts, Hendrik Plancke, Dieter Ost, Frank Van der Aa, Dirk De Ridder
OBJECTIVE: To compare effectiveness of intravesical chondroïtin sulphate (CS) 2% and dimethyl sulphoxide (DMSO) 50% in patients with painful bladder syndrome/intersti¬tial cystitis (PBS/IC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients were randomized to receive either 6 weekly instil¬lations of CS 2% or 50% DMSO. Primary endpoint was difference in proportion of patients achieving score 6 (moderately improved) or 7 (markedly improved) in both groups using the Global Response Assessment (GRA) scale...
November 2, 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803516/rent-in-the-vent-a-rare-event-parturition-induced-rupture-of-pubic-symphysis-and-dislocation-of-sacroiliac-joint-after-spontaneous-vaginal-delivery
#16
Kiran S Coelho, Hemant Shintre, Ashish Shyamkul, Bindu Rani
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792221/successful-treatment-of-groin-pain-syndrome-in-a-pole-vault-athlete-with-core-stability-exercise-a-case-report
#17
Antonio Dello Iacono, Nicola Maffulli, Lior Laver, Johnny Padulo
CONTEXT: The purpose of this case report is to present a case of groin pain in a pole vault athlete describing the biomechanical features of the injury`s mechanism, acute medical management, and its successful rehabilitation. CASE REPORT: A 22 years old professional pole-vaulter sustained an injury during a regular training session. The athlete reported significant left lower abdominal and left proximal adductor discomfort in all activities, including basic trunk motion when moving in bed, sit to stand, and walking, and was unable to return to the regular training...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790521/incisional-hernia-as-a-cause-of-blader-outlet-obstruction-a-case-report
#18
Suhani, Shadan Ali, Gunjan Desai, Kartikeya Sharma, Shaji Thomas
Incisional hernia usually contains intra peritoneal organs as its content. Extra peritoneal structures like bladder as a content of incisional hernia are relatively uncommon. We managed a young male with an incisional hernia containing a large bladder diverticulum as its content. The bladder diverticulum was going up to the base of scrotum along the posterolateral surface of penile corpora. The patient was diagnosed pre operatively with radiological investigations and underwent exploration with release of diverticulum from corpora and pubic arch followed by diverticulectomy and herniorraphy...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790413/variations-in-the-origin-and-course-of-right-hepatic-artery-and-its-surgical-significance
#19
Narayanaperumal Mugunthan, Rajendran Kannan, Christilda Felicia Jebakani, Jayaram Anbalagan
INTRODUCTION: Variations in the Right Hepatic Artery (RHA) are exceedingly common and these variations are of great importance to surgeons and interventional radiologists. A thorough knowledge of the right hepatic arterial anatomy is mandatory while performing hepatic surgery and hepatic arteriography. AIM: To find out the variations in the origin and course of the RHA and its surgical significance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted in 60 embalmed adult cadavers of both sexes of age group between 50 to 80 years...
September 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784851/postpartum-hypothalamic-adrenal-insufficiency-with-remission-a-rare-case
#20
Yuko Akehi, Yoko Hashimoto, Junko Meren, Makito Tanabe, Takashi Nomiyama, Toshihiko Yanase
A 37-year-old female patient was hospitalized because of general fatigue and loss of axillary and pubic hair after massive bleeding at delivery of her third child. The basal levels of both plasma adrenocorticotropin hormone (ACTH) and serum cortisol were very low, 5.2 pg/mL and 1.9 μg/dL, respectively. Based on the fact that ACTH showed a low response to insulin tolerance test and a normal response to corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRH), she was diagnosed with hypothalamic adrenal insufficiency. No organic lesions were found in the hypothalamic-pituitary region by pituitary MRI and hydrocortisone therapy was instituted...
October 25, 2016: Endocrine Journal
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