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Yingmiao Liu, Junzhi Wang, Chongmao Xu, Yong Chen, Junjie Yang, Dong Liu, Huanqing Niu, Yu Jiang, Sheng Yang, Hanjie Ying
Cytidine diphosphate choline (CDP-choline) has been applied for treating acute craniocerebral injury and allowing recovery of consciousness after brain surgery. In this study, an acetate kinase (ACK)/acetyl phosphate system was used to supply ATP and combined with Escherichia coli-overexpressed CMP kinase (CMK), NDP kinase (NDK), choline phosphate cytidylyltransferase (CCT), and choline kinase (CKI) to produce CDP-choline from CMP and choline chloride. Within 1 h, 49 mM CDP-choline was produced, for a molar yield of 89...
October 13, 2016: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Hui-Ling Chang, Cheng-Gang Wang, Mong-Ting Wu, Meng-Hsun Tsai, Chia-Ying Lin
Message Queuing Telemetry Transport for Sensor Networks (MQTT-SN) and Constrained Application Protocol (CoAP) are two protocols supporting publish/subscribe models for IoT devices to publish messages to interested subscribers. Retransmission mechanisms are introduced to compensate for the lack of data reliability. If the device does not receive the acknowledgement (ACK) before retransmission timeout (RTO) expires, the device will retransmit data. Setting an appropriate RTO is important because the delay may be large or retransmission may be too frequent when the RTO is inappropriate...
2016: Sensors
Sara Azarpeykan, Keren E Dittmer, Jonathan C Marshall, Kalyani C Perera, Erica K Gee, Els Acke, Keith G Thompson
The aim of this study was to determine the relative abundance and relationship of vitamin D responsive and calcium transporting transcripts (TRPV5, TRPV6, calD9k, calD28k, PMCA, NCX1, CYP27B1, CYP24A1, and VDR) in ovine, canine and, equine kidney using quantitative real-time PCR (RT-qPCR), and then perform a comparison between the three species. Renal tissue samples were harvested post-mortem from 10 horses, 10 sheep, and five dogs. Primers were designed for each gene. For each sample total RNA was extracted, cDNA synthesised, and RT-qPCR was performed...
2016: PloS One
Y He, M Li, V Perumal, X Feng, J Fang, J Xie, S M Sievert, F Wang
Members of the archaeal phylum Bathyarchaeota are widespread and abundant in the energy-deficient marine subsurface sediments. However, their life strategies have remained largely elusive. Here, we provide genetic evidence that some lineages of Bathyarchaeota are acetogens, being capable of homoacetogenesis, a metabolism so far restricted to the domain Bacteria. Metabolic reconstruction based on genomic bins assembled from the metagenome of deep-sea subsurface sediments shows that the metabolism of some lineages of Bathyarchaeota is similar to that of bona fide bacterial homoacetogens, by having pathways for acetogenesis and for the fermentative utilization of a variety of organic substrates...
2016: Nature Microbiology
Wendy E Brown, Jerry C Hu, Kyriacos A Athanasiou
Juvenile and fetal, primary, fully differentiated cells are widely considered to be ideal cell types for tissue engineering applications. However, their use in tissue engineering may be hindered through contamination by undesirable cell types. These include blood-associated cells as well as unwanted resident cell types found both in healthy and pathologic donor tissues. Ammonium-chloride-potassium (ACK) lysing buffer is used to lyse red blood cells (RBCs) during the isolation of stem cell populations, but has not been explored for the purification of fully differentiated cells...
September 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
Lianxin Hu, Jiajun Xu, Meng-Xin Yin, Liguo Zhang, Yi Lu, Wenqing Wu, Zhaoyu Xue, Margaret S Ho, Guanjun Gao, Yun Zhao, Lei Zhang
Non-receptor tyrosine kinase activated cdc42 kinase was reported to participate in several types of cancers in mammals. It is also believed to have an anti-apoptotic function in Drosophila. Here, we report the identification of Drosophila activated cdc42 kinase as a growth promoter and a novel Hippo signaling pathway regulator. We find that activated cdc42 kinase promotes tissue growth through modulating Yorkie activity. Furthermore, we demonstrate that activated cdc42 kinase interacts with Expanded and induces tyrosine phosphorylation of Expanded on multiple sites...
2016: Cell Discovery
Frank R Bengelsdorf, Anja Poehlein, Sonja Linder, Catarina Erz, Tim Hummel, Sabrina Hoffmeister, Rolf Daniel, Peter Dürre
Synthesis gas (syngas) fermentation by anaerobic acetogenic bacteria employing the Wood-Ljungdahl pathway is a bioprocess for production of biofuels and biocommodities. The major fermentation products of the most relevant biocatalytic strains (Clostridium ljungdahlii, C. autoethanogenum, C. ragsdalei, and C. coskatii) are acetic acid and ethanol. A comparative metabolic and genomic analysis using the mentioned biocatalysts might offer targets for metabolic engineering and thus improve the production of compounds apart from ethanol...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Heleen Van Acker, Jan Gielis, Marloes Acke, Freya Cools, Paul Cos, Tom Coenye
It was recently proposed that bactericidal antibiotics, besides through specific drug-target interactions, kill bacteria by a common mechanism involving the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS). However, this mechanism involving the production of hydroxyl radicals has become the subject of a lot of debate. Since the contribution of ROS to antibiotic mediated killing most likely depends on the conditions, differences in experimental procedures are expected to be at the basis of the conflicting results...
2016: PloS One
V P Appanna, A A Alhasawi, C Auger, S C Thomas, V D Appanna
Although oxidative stress is known to impede the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle and oxidative phosphorylation, the nutritionally-versatile microbe, Pseudomonas fluorescens has been shown to proliferate in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and nitrosative stress. In this study we demonstrate the phospho-transfer system that enables this organism to generate ATP was similar irrespective of the carbon source utilized. Despite the diminished activities of enzymes involved in the TCA cycle and in the electron transport chain (ETC), the ATP levels did not appear to be significantly affected in the stressed cells...
September 15, 2016: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Bekki Lloyd
I support mandatory domestic abuse training for all healthcare workers (news, June 22). I attended an emergency department aft er my ex-partner had att acked me. No one asked if I was okay - it was more a case of clean me up, check for injuries and send me on my way. Clearly, the 6Cs were not implemented during my visit.
July 6, 2016: Nursing Standard
Krunoslav Bojanić, Anne Camilla Midwinter, Jonathan Craig Marshall, Lynn Elizabeth Rogers, Patrick Jon Biggs, Els Acke
Campylobacter enteritis in humans is primarily associated with C. jejuni/coli infection. The impact of other Campylobacter spp. is likely to be underestimated due to the bias of culture methods towards Campylobacter jejuni/coli diagnosis. Stool antigen tests are becoming increasingly popular and appear generally less species-specific. A review of independent studies of the ProSpecT® Campylobacter Microplate enzyme immunoassay (EIA) developed for C. jejuni/coli showed comparable diagnostic results to culture methods but the examination of non-jejuni/coli Campylobacter spp...
August 2016: Journal of Microbiological Methods
Daniel E Lefever, Joella Xu, Yingjia Chen, Guannan Huang, Nagy Tamas, Tai L Guo
An increasing body of evidence has shown the important role of the gut microbiome in mediating toxicity following environmental contaminant exposure. The goal of this study was to determine if the adverse metabolic effects of chronic 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) exposure would be sufficient to exacerbate hyperglycemia, and to further determine if these outcomes were attributable to the gut microbiota alteration. Adult male CD-1 mice were exposed to TCDD (6μg/kg body weight biweekly) by gavage and injected (i...
August 1, 2016: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Frederic R Acke, Ingeborg J Dhooge, Fransiska Malfait, Els M R De Leenheer, Guy A M De Pauw
INTRODUCTION: Stickler syndrome is a connective tissue disorder characterized by orofacial, ocular, skeletal and auditory symptoms. The orofacial phenotype mainly consists of midfacial hypoplasia, micrognathia and cleft palate. Large phenotypic variability is evident though. Few studies have tried to substantiate the typical facial appearance in Stickler syndrome patients. METHODS: Molecularly confirmed Stickler patients were invited to undergo cephalometric analysis based on a lateral radiograph in standardized conditions...
July 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
S Azarpeykan, K E Dittmer, E K Gee, J C Marshall, J Wallace, P Elder, E Acke, K G Thompson
The aims of the study were to determine the effect of season and blanketing on vitamin D synthesis in horses and examine the interaction between vitamin D and other analytes involved in calcium homeostasis. Twenty-one healthy horses at pasture were included; 5 were covered with standard horse blankets including neck rugs. Blood samples were collected for 13 mo and analyzed for 25-hydroxyvitamin D2 (25OHD2) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25OHD3), 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25[OH]2D), ionized calcium (iCa), total calcium (tCa), phosphorus (P), total magnesium (tMg), and parathyroid hormone (PTH)...
July 2016: Domestic Animal Endocrinology
C Li, G F Zhang, X Mao, J Y Wang, C Y Duan, Z J Wang, L B Liu
Algal carcass is a low-value byproduct of algae after its conversion to biodiesel. Dried algal carcass is rich in protein, carbohydrate, and multiple amino acids, and it is typically well suited for growth and acid production of lactic acid bacteria. In this study, Lactobacillus delbrueckii ssp. bulgaricus ATCC 11842 was used to ferment different algal carcass media (ACM), including 2% ACM, 2% ACM with 1.9% glucose (ACM-G), and 2% ACM with 1.9% glucose and 2g/L amino acid mixture (ACM-GA). Concentrations of organic acids (lactic acid and acetic acid), acetyl-CoA, and ATP were analyzed by HPLC, and activities of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), acetokinase (ACK), pyruvate kinase (PK), and phosphofructokinase (PFK) were determined by using a chemical approach...
June 2016: Journal of Dairy Science
Sabrina Hoffmeister, Marzena Gerdom, Frank R Bengelsdorf, Sonja Linder, Sebastian Flüchter, Hatice Öztürk, Wilfried Blümke, Antje May, Ralf-Jörg Fischer, Hubert Bahl, Peter Dürre
Expected depletion of oil and fossil resources urges the development of new alternative routes for the production of bulk chemicals and fuels beyond petroleum resources. In this study, the clostridial acetone pathway was used for the formation of acetone in the acetogenic bacterium Acetobacterium woodii. The acetone production operon (APO) containing the genes thlA (encoding thiolase A), ctfA/ctfB (encoding CoA transferase), and adc (encoding acetoacetate decarboxylase) from Clostridium acetobutylicum were cloned under the control of the thlA promoter into four vectors having different replicons for Gram-positives (pIP404, pBP1, pCB102, and pCD6)...
July 2016: Metabolic Engineering
Martin A Lysak, Terezie Mandáková, M Eric Schranz
A decade ago the concept of the Ancestral Crucifer Karyotype (ACK) and the definition of 24 conserved genomic blocks was presented. Subsequently, 35 cytogenetic reconstructions and/or draft genome sequences of crucifer species (members of the Brassicaceae family) have been analyzed in the context of this system; placing crucifers at the forefront of plant phylogenomics. In this review, we highlight how the ACK and genomic blocks have facilitated and guided genomic analysis of crucifers in the last 10 years and provide an update of this robust model...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Plant Biology
Julio Cesar Orejarena Pacheco, Alexander Lipp, Alexander M Nauth, Fabian Acke, Jule-Philipp Dietz, Till Opatz
A highly efficient metal-free catalytic system for the aerobic photocyanation of tertiary amines with visible light is reported. The use of air as terminal oxidant offers an improved safety profile compared with pure oxygen, the used compact fluorescent lamp (CFL) light sources are highly economical, and no halogenated solvents are required. This system not only proves to be effective for a wide variety of trialkylamines, pharmaceuticals, and alkaloids but remarkably also allows the lowest catalyst loading (0...
April 4, 2016: Chemistry: a European Journal
Erika Pineda, Citlali Vázquez, Rusely Encalada, Tomoyoshi Nozaki, Emi Sato, Yuki Hanadate, Mario Néquiz, Alfonso Olivos-García, Rafael Moreno-Sánchez, Emma Saavedra
BACKGROUND: Acetate is an end-product of the PPi-dependent fermentative glycolysis in Entamoeba histolytica; it is synthesized from acetyl-CoA by ADP-forming acetyl-CoA synthetase (ACS) with net ATP synthesis or from acetyl-phosphate by a unique PPi-forming acetate kinase (AcK). The relevance of these enzymes to the parasite ATP and PPi supply, respectively, are analyzed here. METHODS: The recombinant enzymes were kinetically characterized and their physiological roles were analyzed by transcriptional gene silencing and further metabolic analyses in amoebae...
June 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Azhar Alhasawi, Sean C Thomas, Vasu D Appanna
Glycerol is a major by-product of the biodiesel industry. In this study we report on the metabolic networks involved in its transformation into pyruvate, phosphoenolpyruvate (PEP) and ATP. When the nutritionally-versatile Pseudomonas fluorescens was exposed to hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) in a mineral medium with glycerol as the sole carbon source, the microbe reconfigured its metabolism to generate adenosine triphosphate (ATP) primarily via substrate-level phosphorylation (SLP). This alternative ATP-producing stratagem resulted in the synthesis of copious amounts of PEP and pyruvate...
April 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
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