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Min Min Tan, Carina K Y Chan, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of health, and individuals with higher SES generally have better health than those with lower SES. One of the pathways that SES influences health is through health behaviors, such as dietary intake, and a higher SES has been associated with a better diet. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a social gradient in dietary habits among the Seventh-Day Adventists, a group of conservative Christians, where healthy eating is part of the doctrinal teaching...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
Katia G Reinert, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Jerry W Lee, Sarah Szanton
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of religious involvement and related indicators - religious coping, intrinsic religiosity, forgiveness and gratitude - in reducing the negative impact of early traumatic stress on the mental and physical health of adult survivors. Multiple linear regressions were used to analyze self-reported data of 10,283 Seventh-day Adventist men and women across North America. The study also included an original analysis on a subsample (n = 496) of the larger group, examining diabetes risk factors in conjunction with Adverse Childhood Events (ACE) data...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
Lida Gharibvand, David Shavlik, Mark Ghamsary, W Lawrence Beeson, Samuel Soret, Raymond Knutsen, Synnove F Knutsen
BACKGROUND: There is a positive association between ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5) and incidence and mortality of lung cancer (LC), but few studies have assessed the relationship between ambient PM2.5 and LC among never smokers. OBJECTIVES: To assess the association between PM2.5 and risk of LC using the Adventist Health and Smog Study-2 (AHSMOG-2), a cohort of health conscious non-smokers where 81% have never smoked. METHODS: A total of 80,285 AHSMOG-2 subjects were followed for an average of 7...
August 12, 2016: Environmental Health Perspectives
Karen J Holland, Jerry W Lee, Helen H Marshak, Leslie R Martin
OBJECTIVE: Intimacy is an essential part of marital relationships, spiritual relationships, and is also a factor in well-being, but there is little research simultaneously examining the links among spiritual intimacy, marital intimacy, and well-being. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was used to examine associations among the latent variables-spiritual intimacy, marital intimacy, spiritual meaning, and well-being-in a cross-sectional study of 5,720 married adults aged 29-100 years (M = 58...
August 2016: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
Patricia A Ford, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jerry W Lee, Serena Tonstad
Trans fatty acids in Western diets increase health risks, and have been associated with the risk of depression. We hypothesized that intakes of trans fatty acids (primarily from margarines and baked goods) were inversely associated with positive affect and positively associated with negative affect in a longitudinal study. Church attendees residing in North America completed a food frequency questionnaire in 2002-6 as part of the Adventist Health Study-2. A subset in which we excluded participants with established cardiovascular disease (n=8,771) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in 2006-7...
June 2016: Nutrition Research
Elizabete Regina Araújo Oliveira, Nágela Valadão Cade, Ana Paula Costa Velten, Gulnar Azevedo E Silva, Eduardo Faerstein
INTRODUCTION: Populations with healthier habits have been investigated regarding their pattern of disease occurrence. OBJECTIVE: This study aims at evaluating mortality patterns (all-cause, cardiovascular diseases) among members of the Seventh-day Adventists Church in the State of Espírito Santo, Brazil, and to compare those with the mortality rates in the State population. METHODS: The study investigated 14.519 living Adventists and 995 deaths among those aged ≥ 30 years old from 2003 to 2009...
March 2016: Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
Alexander Medina-RemÓn, Richard Kirwan, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventós, Ramón Estruch
Diet and lifestyle play a significant role in the development chronic diseases; however the full complexity of this relationship is not yet understood. Dietary pattern investigation, which reflects the complexity of dietary intake, has emerged as an alternative and complementary approach to examining the association between diet and chronic diseases. Literature on this association has largely focused on individual nutrients, with conflicting outcomes, but individuals consume a combination of foods from many groups that form dietary patterns...
April 29, 2016: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
Nasira Burkholder-Cooley, Sujatha Rajaram, Ella Haddad, Gary E Fraser, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
Evidence suggests a relationship between polyphenol intake and health benefits. Polyphenol intake among a large US cohort with diverse dietary practices ranging from meatless to omnivorous diets has not been previously evaluated. The primary aim of this study was to compare polyphenol intakes of several vegetarian and non-vegetarian dietary patterns and to assess phenolic intake by food source. To characterise dietary intake, a FFQ was administered to 77 441 participants of the Adventist Health Study-2. Dietary patterns were defined based on the absence of animal food consumption as vegan, lacto-ovo-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, semi-vegetarian and non-vegetarian...
June 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Alex Kappel Kørup, Lau Caspar Thygesen, René dePont Christensen, Christoffer Johansen, Jens Søndergaard, Niels Christian Hvidt
OBJECTIVES: Studies comprising Danish Seventh-day Adventists (SDAs) and Danish Baptists found that members have a lower risk of chronic diseases including cancer. Explanations have pointed to differences in lifestyle, but detailed aetiology has only been sparsely examined. Our objective was to investigate the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) among Danish SDAs and Baptists as a proxy for cancers related to sexual behaviour. METHODS: We followed the Danish Cohort of Religious Societies from 1977 to 2009, and linked it with national registers of all inpatient and outpatient care contacts using the National Patient Register...
2016: BMJ Open
Min-Min Tan, Carina K Y Chan, Daniel D Reidpath
Religion has been shown to be salutary on health, and a possible link between religion and positive health outcomes is diet. Research has shown that religiosity is associated with better diet but most studies were conducted in a multi-denominational context, which might be confounded with theological differences. This study examined the relationship between religiosity and diet within a homogenous group of believers. Data from survey of 574 Seventh-Day Adventists residing in West Malaysia, aged 18-80, were analyzed using multiple regressions...
August 2016: Journal of Behavioral Medicine
Jason A Penniecook-Sawyers, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jing Fan, Larry Beeson, Synnove Knutsen, Patti Herring, Gary E Fraser
Among cancers in American women, breast cancer (BC) has the second highest incidence and mortality. The association of BC with diet has been inconsistent. Studies that evaluate associations with dietary patterns are less common and reflect an individual's whole diet. We associated dietary patterns with the risk of BC in American women of the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2), a prospective cohort of 96 001 subjects recruited between 2002 and 2007. Answers to a previously validated FFQ were used to classify subjects to vegan, lacto-ovo-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, semi-vegetarian and non-vegetarian dietary patterns...
May 28, 2016: British Journal of Nutrition
Temesgen Tilahun
BACKGROUND: Human leech infestation is a disease of the poor who live in rural areas and use water contaminated with leeches. Like any other body orifices, vagina can also be infested by leech when females use contaminated water for bathing and/or douching. Although this condition is very rare in postmenopausal women, it causes morbidities and mortalities. CASE DETAILS: A 70 year old Para X (all alive) abortion I mother, postmenopausal for the last 20 years, presented with vaginal bleeding of 3 weeks duration to Gimbie Adventist Hospital, Western Ethiopia...
October 2015: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Celine E Heskey, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Joan Sabaté, Gary Fraser, Sujatha Rajaram
BACKGROUND: There is emerging evidence of the beneficial effects of n-3 (ω-3) fatty acids (FAs) on cardiometabolic risk factors. Nevertheless, not much is known about the association between adipose tissue α-linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and insulin resistance. OBJECTIVE: We determined the association between adipose tissue n-3 FAs (total n-3 FAs, ALA, and EPA plus DHA) and insulin resistance in healthy adults...
April 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Gary E Fraser, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Susanne M Henning, Jing Fan, Synnove F Knutsen, Ella H Haddad, Joan Sabaté, W Lawrence Beeson, Hannelore Bennett
BACKGROUND: Accurate assessment of diet in study populations is still a challenge. Some statistical strategies that use biomarkers of dietary intake attempt to compensate for the biasing effects of reporting errors. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to correlate biomarkers of dietary intake with 2 direct measures of dietary intake. METHODS: Subjects provided repeated 24-h dietary recalls and 2 food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) separated by ∼3 y...
March 2016: Journal of Nutrition
Yessenia Tantamango-Bartley, Synnove F Knutsen, Raymond Knutsen, Bjarne K Jacobsen, Jing Fan, W Lawrence Beeson, Joan Sabate, David Hadley, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jason Penniecook, Patti Herring, Terry Butler, Hanni Bennett, Gary Fraser
BACKGROUND: According to the American Cancer Society, prostate cancer accounts for ∼27% of all incident cancer cases among men and is the second most common (noncutaneous) cancer among men. The relation between diet and prostate cancer is still unclear. Because people do not consume individual foods but rather foods in combination, the assessment of dietary patterns may offer valuable information when determining associations between diet and prostate cancer risk. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association between dietary patterns (nonvegetarian, lacto-ovo-vegetarian, pesco-vegetarian, vegan, and semi-vegetarian) and prostate cancer incidence among 26,346 male participants of the Adventist Health Study-2...
January 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
L M Kent, D P Morton, E J Ward, P M Rankin, R B Ferret, J Gobble, H A Diehl
Seventh-day Adventist (SDA) and non-SDA (21.3 and 78.7 %, respectively) individuals (n = 7172) participating in the Complete Health Improvement Program, a 30-day diet and lifestyle intervention, in North America (241 programs, 2006-2012) were assessed for changes in selected chronic disease risk factors: body mass index (BMI), blood pressure (BP), pulse, lipid profile and fasting plasma glucose (FPG). Reductions were greater among the non-SDA for BMI, pulse and blood lipids. Furthermore, the majority of non-SDA in the highest risk classifications for BP, lipids and FPG, but only some lipids among SDA, were able to show improvement by 20 % or more...
October 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Serena Tonstad, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Mark Messina, Ella Haddad, Gary E Fraser
OBJECTIVE: Consumers may choose soya foods as healthful alternatives to animal products, but concern has arisen that eating large amounts of soya may adversely affect thyroid function. The present study aimed to examine the association between soya food consumption and serum thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) concentrations in North American churchgoers belonging to the Seventh-day Adventist denomination that encourages vegetarianism. DESIGN: Participants completed six repeated 24 h dietary recalls within a 6-month period...
June 2016: Public Health Nutrition
Sherma J Charlemagne-Badal, Jerry W Lee
Seventh-day Adventists have been noted for their unique lifestyle, religious practices and longevity. However, we know little about how religion is directly related to health in this group. Specifically, we know nothing about how religious social support is related to hypertension. Using data from the Biopsychosocial Religion and Health Study, we carried out a cross-sectional study of 9581 and a prospective study of 5720 North American Seventh-day Adventists examining new 534 cases of hypertension occurring up to 4 years later...
April 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
Sherma J Charlemagne-Badal, Jerry W Lee
A unique lifestyle based on religious beliefs has been associated with longevity among North American Seventh-day Adventists (SDAs); however, little is known about how religion is directly associated with hypertension in this group. Identifying and understanding the relationship between hypertension and its predictors is important because hypertension is responsible for half of all cardiovascular-related deaths and one in every seven deaths in the USA. The relationship between intrinsic religiosity and hypertension is examined...
April 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
David MacLaren, Michelle Redman-MacLaren, Relmah Timothy-Harrington, Rowena Asugeni, Elmah Muse, Emmy Jimuru, Kenny Moutoa, Rick Speare
BACKGROUND: Documenting specific knowledge and attitudes about HIV in the culturally diverse nation of Solomon Islands is essential to inform locally targeted public health responses. As part of a large capacity-strengthening project at Atoifi Adventist Hospital in East Kwaio, Solomon Islands, researchers, using a 'learn-by-doing' process, worked with participants in public health research methods. METHODS: Overall, 43 people attended research capacity building workshops in 2011; eight joined the HIV study group...
April 2015: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
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