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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646928/the-association-between-ambient-fine-particulate-matter-and-incident-adenocarcinoma-subtype-of-lung-cancer
#1
Lida Gharibvand, W Lawrence Beeson, David Shavlik, Raymond Knutsen, Mark Ghamsary, Samuel Soret, Synnove F Knutsen
BACKGROUND: Adenocarcinoma (AC) is the most common lung cancer among non-smokers, but few studies have assessed the effect of PM2.5 on AC among never smokers. The purpose of this study was to assess the association between ambient PM2.5 and incident lung AC in the Adventist Health and Smog Study-2 (AHSMOG-2), a cohort of 80,044 non-smokers (81% never smokers) followed for 7.5 years (597,177 person-years) (2002-2011). METHODS: Incident lung AC was identified through linkage with U...
June 24, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639252/ethnic-variations-in-serum-25-oh-d-levels-and-bone-ultrasound-attenuation-measurements-in-blacks-and-whites
#2
Rosario Sakamoto, D Thorpe, R Knutsen, L Beeson, S Knutsen
Vitamin D deficiency is more common in Blacks, yet Blacks have lower prevalence of bone fragility fractures or osteoporosis than Whites. Broadband ultrasound attenuation (BUA) has been used to explore the association between serum 25(OH)D levels and bone quality in White and non-white populations. We investigated serum 25(OH)D status with corresponding BUA measurements assessed cross sectionally in a cohort of 232 Blacks and 260 Whites, aged 30-95 years who were part of the calibration study of the large Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606083/the-spiritual-history-in-outpatient-practice-attitudes-and-practices-of-health-professionals-in-the-adventist-health-system
#3
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
BACKGROUND: A screening spiritual history (SSH) is how health professionals (HP) identify patients' spiritual values, beliefs and preferences (VBPs) in the outpatient setting. We report on attitudes and practices of HPs in the largest Protestant health system in the U.S., the Adventist Health System (AHS). METHOD: Physicians or mid-level practitioners (N = 1082) in AHS-affiliated practices were approached and 513 (47%) agreed to participate. Participants were asked to identify a "spiritual care coordinator" (nurse/staff) and complete a questionnaire that assessed demographics, practice characteristics, religious involvement, and attitudes/practices concerning the SSH...
June 12, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28529300/yi-kwang-su-s-love-and-history-records-of-modern-hospital-under-the-japanese-colonial-period
#4
Byoung Hoon Lee
This article aims to evaluate and analyze the description of the modern hospital as history record, which appeared in YI Kwang Su's novel Love. This novel has mentioned in detail western style clinic, Bukgando Catholic hospital, tuberculosis sanitarium as its main space. Modern hospitals are depicted in the novel has a great significance in historical aspect as well as in literary aspect. The most data on modern hospital is laws, statistics and newspaper archives. These materials are a great help to understand the history and status of the modern hospital...
December 2016: Ŭi Sahak
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435513/pathways-from-religion-to-health-mediation-by-psychosocial-and-lifestyle-mechanisms
#5
Kelly R Morton, Jerry W Lee, Leslie R Martin
Religiosity, often measured as attendance at religious services, is linked to better physical health and longevity though the mechanisms linking the two are debated. Potential explanations include: a healthier lifestyle, increased social support from congregational members, and/or more positive emotions. Thus far, these mechanisms have not been tested simultaneously in a single model though they likely operate synergistically. We test this model predicting all-cause mortality in Seventh-day Adventists, a denomination that explicitly promotes a healthy lifestyle...
February 2017: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325203/developing-and-evaluating-an-automated-all-cause-harm-trigger-system
#6
Christine Sammer, Susanne Miller, Cason Jones, Antoinette Nelson, Paul Garrett, David Classen, David Stockwell
BACKGROUND: From 2009 through 2012, the Adventist Health System Patient Safety Organization (AHS PSO) used the Global Trigger Tool method for harm identification and demonstrated harm reduction. Although the awareness of harm demonstrated opportunities for improvement across the system, leaders determined that the human and fiscal resources required to continue with a retrospective manual harm identification process were unsustainable. In addition, there was growing concern that the identification of harm after the patient's discharge did not allow for intervention during the hospital stay...
April 2017: Joint Commission Journal on Quality and Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319979/patient-experience-a-critical-indicator-of-healthcare-performance
#7
Pamela H Guler
Patient experience has become a critical differentiator for healthcare organizations, and it will only grow in importance as transparency and consumerism dominate the healthcare landscape. Creating and sustaining a consistently exceptional experience that promotes patient engagement and the best outcomes is far more than just "satisfying" patients, going well beyond amenities that may be provided.Perception of care experience is often shaped by methods we use to address the biopsychosocial needs of patients...
April 2017: Frontiers of Health Services Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28210172/effects-of-a-12-month-educational-intervention-on-outpatient-clinicians-attitudes-and-behaviors-concerning-spiritual-practices-with-patients
#8
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVE: We report here the impact of an educational training program on attitudes and practices of physicians (MDs) and mid-level practitioners (MLPs) toward controversial spiritual practices, such as practitioner-led prayer, sharing personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs. METHODS: In this single-group experimental study, 427 physicians and 93 MLPs affiliated with the Adventist Health System agreed to complete a questionnaire assessing demographics, practice characteristics, religiosity, and attitudes and behaviors at baseline, 1 month, and 12 months...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130879/variations-in-dietary-intake-and-plasma-concentrations-of-plant-sterols-across-plant-based-diets-among-north-american-adults
#9
Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Dieter Lütjohann, Rawiwan Sirirat, Andrew Mashchak, Gary E Fraser, Ella Haddad
SCOPE: Phytosterols are bioactive compounds in plants with similar cholesterol-lowering properties as vegetarian diets. However, information on phytosterol intake and plasma plant sterols among vegetarians is sparse. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined dietary intake and plasma concentration of plant sterols and cholesterol across five dietary patterns in the Adventist Health Study-2 Calibration Sub-study (n = 861, 66% females, average age 61 years). To measure intake and plasma concentrations of these compounds, we used 24-h dietary recalls and gas-liquid chromatography-flame ionization detection, respectively...
January 28, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28128767/chronic-neurodegenerative-illnesses-and-epilepsy-in-danish-adventists-and-baptists-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#10
Lau Caspar Thygesen, Louise NØrreslet Gimsing, Andrea Bautz, Niels Christian Hvidt, Christoffer Johansen
BACKGROUND: Limited knowledge of the influence of lifestyle risk factors and religious living on chronic neurological diseases exists. Seventh-day Adventists (SDA) do not consume tobacco, alcohol, or pork, and many adhere to lacto-ovo-vegetarian diet, and Baptists discourage excessive use of alcohol and tobacco. OBJECTIVE: We investigated whether the incidence of four common chronic neurological illnesses: dementia, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and epilepsy in a large cohort of Danish Adventists and Baptists was different compared to the general Danish population...
2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122784/validating-polyphenol-intake-estimates-from-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-by-using-repeated-24-h-dietary-recalls-and-a-unique-method-of-triads-approach-with-2-biomarkers
#11
Nasira M Burkholder-Cooley, Sujatha S Rajaram, Ella H Haddad, Keiji Oda, Gary E Fraser, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl
Background: The assessment of polyphenol intake in free-living subjects is challenging, mostly because of the difficulty in accurately measuring phenolic content and the wide presence of phenolics in foods.Objective: The aims of this study were to evaluate the validity of polyphenol intake estimated from food-frequency questionnaires (FFQs) by using the mean of 6 measurements of a 24-h dietary recall (24-HR) as a reference and to apply a unique method-of-triads approach to assess validity coefficients (VCs) between latent "true" dietary estimates, total urinary polyphenol (TUP) excretion, and a surrogate biomarker (plasma carotenoids)...
March 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052166/commentary-on-integrating-spirituality-into-outpatient-practice-in-the-adventist-health-system
#12
John R Peteet
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052165/integrating-spirituality-into-outpatient-practice-in-the-adventist-health-system
#13
Harold G Koenig, Kathleen Perno, Ted Hamilton
OBJECTIVES: We examined Adventist Health System (AHS)-affiliated providers and staff regarding controversial spiritual practices such as praying led by a practitioner, sharing of personal religious beliefs, and encouraging patients' religious beliefs for health reasons. METHODS: Approached were 1082 providers to participate in a project to integrate spirituality into outpatient care. Those who agreed were asked to identify staff in their practice to assist. Providers and staff were asked to complete a baseline questionnaire examining attitudes/practices concerning spiritual activities with patients...
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921420/-frequency-and-timing-of-meals-and-changes-in-body-mass-index-analysis-of-the-data-from-the-adventist-health-study-2
#14
Hana Kahleová, Jan Irene Lloren, Andrew Mashchak, Martin Hill, Gary Fraser
GOAL: Our study focuses on examining the relationship between the frequency and timing of meals and changes in BMI in the Adventist Health Study-2 (AHS-2) which represents a relatively healthy population in North America. METHODOLOGY: A longitudinal analysis was undertaken using data from 48 673 individuals monitored over an average period of 7.43 ± 1.24 years. The number of meals per day, length of nighttime fasting, eating breakfast and timing of the largest meal of the day (breakfast 5-11 a...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27864745/use-of-sedatives-antidepressants-and-antipsychotic-medicine-among-seventh-day-adventists-and-baptists-in-denmark
#15
Peter Rasmussen, Christoffer Johansen, Niels Christian Hvidt, Alex Kappel Kørup, Jens Søndergaard, Lau Caspar Thygesen
Earlier it has been found that female Seventh-day Adventists (SDA) and Baptists have an increased incidence of psychiatric affective disorders, in contrast to findings that religious practice is associated with better health. In this study, we examined whether the increase in incidence is due to less use of prescribed antidepressants, sedatives and antipsychotics by members of these religious societies than by the general population. In a cohort study, we examined records of all drugs redeemed by 3121 SDA and 2888 Baptists and 29,817 age- and gender-matched members of the general population between 1995 and 2010 in the Danish Prescription Register and compared the prevalence and incidence of use of antidepressants, sedatives and antipsychotics...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738128/does-the-social-gradient-remain-in-the-dietary-habits-of-a-health-conscious-population-a-study-of-seventh-day-adventists-in-west-malaysia
#16
Min Min Tan, Carina K Y Chan, Daniel D Reidpath
BACKGROUND: Socioeconomic status (SES) is a strong predictor of health, and individuals with higher SES generally have better health than those with lower SES. One of the pathways that SES influences health is through health behaviors, such as dietary intake, and a higher SES has been associated with a better diet. The purpose of this study was to determine whether there was a social gradient in dietary habits among the Seventh-Day Adventists, a group of conservative Christians, where healthy eating is part of the doctrinal teaching...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27547290/the-role-of-religious-involvement-in-the-relationship-between-early-trauma-and-health-outcomes-among-adult-survivors
#17
Katia G Reinert, Jacquelyn C Campbell, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Jerry W Lee, Sarah Szanton
The purpose of this study was to determine the role of religious involvement and related indicators - religious coping, intrinsic religiosity, forgiveness and gratitude - in reducing the negative impact of early traumatic stress on the mental and physical health of adult survivors. Multiple linear regressions were used to analyze self-reported data of 10,283 Seventh-day Adventist men and women across North America. The study also included an original analysis on a subsample (n = 496) of the larger group, examining diabetes risk factors in conjunction with Adverse Childhood Events (ACE) data...
2016: Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27519054/the-association-between-ambient-fine-particulate-air-pollution-and-lung-cancer-incidence-results-from-the-ahsmog-2-study
#18
Lida Gharibvand, David Shavlik, Mark Ghamsary, W Lawrence Beeson, Samuel Soret, Raymond Knutsen, Synnove F Knutsen
BACKGROUND: There is a positive association between ambient fine particulate matter ≤ 2.5 μm in aerodynamic diameter (PM2.5) and incidence and mortality of lung cancer (LC), but few studies have assessed the relationship between ambient PM2.5 and LC among never smokers. OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between PM2.5 and risk of LC using the Adventist Health and Smog Study-2 (AHSMOG-2), a cohort of health conscious nonsmokers where 81% have never smoked...
March 2017: Environmental Health Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27453769/spiritual-intimacy-marital-intimacy-and-physical-psychological-well-being-spiritual-meaning-as-a-mediator
#19
Karen J Holland, Jerry W Lee, Helen H Marshak, Leslie R Martin
OBJECTIVE: Intimacy is an essential part of marital relationships, spiritual relationships, and is also a factor in well-being, but there is little research simultaneously examining the links among spiritual intimacy, marital intimacy, and well-being. METHODS: Structural equation modeling was used to examine associations among the latent variables-spiritual intimacy, marital intimacy, spiritual meaning, and well-being-in a cross-sectional study of 5,720 married adults aged 29-100 years (M = 58...
August 2016: Psychology of Religion and Spirituality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27188896/trans-fatty-acid-intake-is-related-to-emotional-affect-in-the-adventist-health-study-2
#20
Patricia A Ford, Karen Jaceldo-Siegl, Jerry W Lee, Serena Tonstad
Trans fatty acids in Western diets increase health risks, and have been associated with the risk of depression. We hypothesized that intakes of trans fatty acids (primarily from margarines and baked goods) were inversely associated with positive affect and positively associated with negative affect in a longitudinal study. Church attendees residing in North America completed a food frequency questionnaire in 2002-6 as part of the Adventist Health Study-2. A subset in which we excluded participants with established cardiovascular disease (n=8,771) completed the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule (PANAS) in 2006-7...
June 2016: Nutrition Research
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