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Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma

Chia-Hung Wu, Nai-Chi Chiu, Yi-Chen Yeh, Yu Kuo, Sz-Shian Yu, Ching-Yao Weng, Chien-An Liu, Yi-Hong Chou, Yi-You Chiou
BACKGROUND: Beside hepatocellular carcinoma, metastasis, and cholangiocarcinoma, the imaging findings of other relatively uncommon hepatic lesions are less discussed in the literature. Imaging diagnosis of these lesions is a daily challenge. In this article, we review the imaging characteristics of these neoplasms. METHODS: From January 2003 to December 2014, 4746 patients underwent liver biopsy or hepatic surgical resection in our hospital. We reviewed the pathological database retrospectively...
September 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Raquel Rojas-Vigott, Cinthya Monge Castro, Steffi Romero Méndez
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2016: Journal of Thoracic Oncology
Z Y Ding, R S Zhang, B Yu, X T Wang, Z F Lu, Q L Shi, X J Zhou, Q Shen
Objective: To investigate the clinicopathologic characteristics, differential diagnosis and prognosis of pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas (PEHs). Methods: The clinical symptoms and imaging findings of 6 cases of PEHs were investigated and pathologic analyses including histomorphologic and immunohistochemical studies were performed. Results: Clinical symptoms of the patients were nonspecific and insidious. The typical radiological manifestation was characterized by multiple small pulmonary nodules...
September 8, 2016: Zhonghua Bing Li Xue za Zhi Chinese Journal of Pathology
Haimin Zhao, Jiankui Han, Lei Qin, Changming Zhang
Bone epithelioid angiosarcoma is an extremely rare osseous malignancy with an aggressive and destructive biological behavior. We present FDG PET/CT findings of a 59-year-old woman with left lower limb pain for 1 month. The images revealed abnormal activity in both left fibula and left tibia. In addition, abnormal activity in the sacrum and enlarged retroperitoneal lymph nodes was also noted. Pathological examination demonstrated bone epithelioid angiosarcoma.
November 2016: Clinical Nuclear Medicine
Arianeb Mehrabi, Katrin Hoffmann, Karl Heinz Weiss, Carolin Mogler, Peter Schemmer, Markus W Büchler, Ingo Alldinger
BACKGROUND: Primary Hepatic Epithelioid Hemangioendothelioma is an extremely rare tumor of vascular origin. PATIENTS: In this work we present clinical data and long term results of eight patients who were surgically treated in our institution. Liver transplantation was performed in five patients (four cadaveric and one living related) and major liver resection in three patients. Three patients are alive with recurrent tumor. After a median follow-up of 100 months (48-266) all patients are alive...
November 2016: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
Mainak Dutta, Kuntal Roy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Shintaro Sugita, Hiroshi Hirano, Noriaki Kikuchi, Terufumi Kubo, Hiroko Asanuma, Tomoyuki Aoyama, Makoto Emori, Tadashi Hasegawa
BACKGROUND: Pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma (PHE) is an unusual vascular tumor of intermediate malignancy that rarely metastasizes and tends to arise in the lower limbs of young adults and children. Histologically, PHE shows fascicular proliferation of eosinophilic spindle cells and/or epithelioid cells showing "pseudomyogenic" morphology. Immunohistochemically, PHE is usually positive for vimentin, cytokeratin, CD31 and ERG. METHOD: We examined FOSB immunohistochemistry (IHC) in 27 cases consisting of 4 PHE and its histologic mimics including 6 epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas (EHE), 8 angiosarcomas (AS), 4 Kaposi sarcomas (KS) and 5 epithelioid sarcomas (ES)...
August 11, 2016: Diagnostic Pathology
Shraddha A Adamane, Kedar K Deodhar, Amit M Gupta, George Karimundackal, Sangeeta B Desai
Pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (PEH) is a rare vascular neoplasm, predominantly encountered in women, more often in the age group of 40 years and below. It is a tumor of borderline malignant potential with a clinical course intermediate between hemangioma and angiosarcoma. The tumor has variable prognosis, and treatment options include surgical excision in operable cases and chemotherapy in disseminated ones. The present report describes complete clinical, radiological, and histopathological features of PEH with osteoclast-like giant cells and metaplastic ossification in a 20-year-old boy who presented with dyspnea and episodes of hemoptysis with review of literature...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Pathology & Microbiology
Norifumi Tsubokawa, Hiroaki Harada, Daiki Taniyama, Takahiro Uemura, Kazuya Kuraoka, Yoshinori Yamashita
Epithelioid sarcoma-like hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular neoplasm that usually occurs in the distal extremities of young adults. Although the overall behavior of this neoplasm is usually indolent with a low risk of distant metastasis, the risk of local recurrence is significant. Therefore, initial surgical treatment with an adequate margin is important to improve the prognosis. However, epithelioid sarcoma-like hemangioendothelioma is frequently misdiagnosed. A preoperative misdiagnosis could result in resection without a sufficient margin...
August 4, 2016: Asian Cardiovascular & Thoracic Annals
Chun Ian Soo, Boon Hau Ng, Eng Liang Tan, Faisal Abdul Hamid
Pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is an uncommon lung malignancy of endothelial origin. Besides demonstrating unpredictable presentation features and prognosis, the paucity of established treatment guidelines remains a challenge in managing these patients. We present two patients. The first patient presented with chronic productive cough over 1-year duration. He was initially diagnosed and showed partial response to treatment for cardiac failure. A persistent right upper zone consolidation on chest radiograph prompted further investigations which revealed the diagnosis of pulmonary epithelioid hemangioendothelioma...
2016: SAGE Open Med Case Rep
Michael Mcculloch, Michael Russin, Arian Nachat
INTRODUCTION: Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a family of blood vessel tumors originating in blood vessels, bone, brain, kidney, liver, and lung. EHE is more common in women, and chemotherapy, radiation, and surgery have brought few successes. CASE PRESENTATION: We present a case of a 28-year-old woman whose EHE recurred during pregnancy, suggesting hormonal involvement. We conducted a systematic review to provide analysis and interpretation of the potential significance of her disease recurring, with fatal outcome, during pregnancy...
2016: Permanente Journal
Jung Han Woo, Tae Jung Kim, Kyung Soo Lee, Tae Sung Kim, Byung-Tae Kim
Little is known about prognostic factors in epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE). We aimed to identify prognostic factors among various clinicopathologic and imaging features of thoracic EHEs.Forty-two patients (male:female = 20:22; median age, 49 years) of EHEs with (n = 19) and without (n = 23) thoracic involvement were included. We reviewed electronic medical records for clinical information and computed tomography (CT) features for thoracic involvement. Differences in demographics and survival outcomes of patients with and without thoracic involvement were assessed...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Conglin Ye, Xiaolong Yu, Jin Zeng, Hucheng Liu, Min Dai
BACKGROUND: Pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma is a rare soft tissue tumor usually found in young adults, predominantly males. Fibrous dysplasia is a common benign bone tumor, which accounts for 5~7 % of all the primary benign bone tumors. However, pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma secondary to fibrous dysplasia is extremely rare. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma secondary to fibrous dysplasia. CASE PRESENTATION: This study describes a case of a 14-year-old female who suffered from pseudomyogenic hemangioendothelioma secondary to fibrous dysplasia of the left lower extremity...
2016: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
L J Wang, Y M Zhang, Y L Deng, H Zheng, C Pan, Z Y Shen
OBJECTIVE: To analyse and explore the indications and efficacy of liver transplantation for benign liver tumor. METHODS: From Jan.2001 to Dec.2014, 6 patients, incluing 3 males and 3 females, with benign liver tumor underwent liver transplantation in our department.There were 2 cases of hepatic epithelioid hemangioendothelioma, 1 case of hepatic cavernous hemangioma, 1 case of liver mesenchymal hamartoma, 1 case of hilar bile duct mucinous cystadenoma, and 1 case of hepatic adenoma...
July 12, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Sankalp Sancheti, Jiten N Singh, Akshat Malik, Kalpana Th Devi, Shivani Jain
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma is a rare vascular neoplasm of borderline or low-grade malignant potential uncommonly seen in head and neck region and has not been reported in the hypopharynx. We present here a case of epithelioid hemangioendothelioma arising from the hypopharynx in a young female patient who presented with progressive dysphagia for 1-year and difficulty in breathing for 1-month. This is first reported case in published English literature to the best of our knowledge. Recognition of this borderline entity is necessary because of its potential for malignant transformation and recurrence...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Dentistry
Yingqi Fan, Faping Wang, Suyun Li, Cheng Ye, Ying Ying, Hui Mao
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a rare neoplasm of vascular origin that can arise in multiple and varied tissue sites. Pleural epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (PEH), a subtype of EHE, is particularly less reported. Herein, we describe a case of PEH presented with left-sided back pain in a 68-year-old female, and her chest CT scan revealed thickening of the left pleura and left pleural effusion, the histological diagnosis was confirmed by both conventional examination and immunohistochemistry. A literature search utilizing PubMed, Embase, Ovid and Cochrane, Wanfang and Chinese National Knowledge infrastructure (CNKI) for PEH was conducted to investigate the characteristics of the disease, 26 related articles were retrieved and 40 cases of PEH were reported...
May 2016: Journal of the National Medical Association
Silvia Stacchiotti, Salvatore Provenzano, Gianpaolo Dagrada, Tiziana Negri, Silvia Brich, Umberto Basso, Antonella Brunello, Federica Grosso, Luca Galli, Elena Palassini, Michela Libertini, Vittoria Colia, Alessandro Gronchi, Angelo P Dei Tos, Flavio Crippa, Carlo Morosi, Silvana Pilotti, Paolo G Casali
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to report on sirolimus activity in a series of patients with hemangioendothelioma (HE) treated at the National Cancer Institute, Milan (Istituto Nazionale Tumori; INT) and within the Italian Rare Cancer Network ("Rete Tumori Rari"; RTR). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with advanced and progressing epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) treated with sirolimus at the INT and/or within the RTR. Pathologic review and molecular analysis for WWTR1 rearrangement were performed...
September 2016: Annals of Surgical Oncology
Mark R Wick
Vascular proliferations in the skin have been thoroughly studied over the past 35 years, and a great deal of knowledge has been accrued regarding their pathobiological features. Dr. Juan Rosai has been a consistent contributor to the literature on this topic throughout most of his career, and this article reviews selected cutaneous endothelial lesions that he helped to characterize. They include histiocytoid-epithelioid hemangioma, targetoid-hobnail hemangioma, acquired tufted hemangioma, glomeruloid hemangioma, spindle cell hemangioma, retiform hemangioendothelioma, and angiosarcoma...
September 2016: Seminars in Diagnostic Pathology
Noritoshi Kobayashi, Takeshi Shimamura, Motohiko Tokuhisa, Ayumu Goto, Yasushi Ichikawa
A 49-year-old Japanese man had multiple huge masses (max. size 60 mm diameter) in his liver. These tumors were pathologically diagnosed by tumor biopsy as epithelioid hemangioendotheliomas of the liver. In this case, multiple liver tumors existed in both lobes. Also this patient did not agree to receive surgical resection including liver transplantation. Chemotherapy with sorafenib at a dose of 400 mg/body twice a day was started. About 6 months later, CT findings revealed that these tumors were shrinking slightly; 33 months later, the tumors obviously showed a partial response in accordance with the Response Evaluation Criteria in Solid Tumors (RECIST)...
January 2016: Case Reports in Oncology
Hyung-Suk Ro, Jin Yong Shin, Si-Gyun Roh, Nae-Ho Lee, Kyung-Moo Yang, Woo-Sung Moon
Epithelioid hemangioendothelioma (EHE) is a well-differentiated and rare vascular tumor. Systemic metastases are uncommon. Herein, we present a patient with skin metastasis of pulmonary EHE (PEH) that was treated by wide excision. A 76-year-old male was evaluated due to pulmonary thromboembolism and a solitary pulmonary nodule. A biopsy was performed and pathological examination of the mass confirmed EHE. No metastasis was observed. The patient returned to care approximately two years later due to a painful nodule in the right lower leg...
May 2016: Archives of Plastic Surgery
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