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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346376/blend-hydrogel-microspheres-of-carboxymethyl-chitosan-and-gelatin-for-the-controlled-release-of-5-fluorouracil
#1
Vanarchi Rajini Kanth, Praveen B Kajjari, Priya M Madalageri, Sakey Ravindra, Lata S Manjeshwar, Tejraj M Aminabhavi
Carboxymethyl chitosan (CMCS) was synthesized and blended with gelatin (GE) to prepare hydrogel microspheres by w/o emulsion cross-linking in the presence of glutaraldehyde (GA), which acted as a cross-linker. 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) was encapsulated to investigate its controlled release (CR) characteristics in acidic (pH 1.2) and alkaline (pH 7.4) buffer media. The microspheres which formed were spherical in nature, with smooth surfaces, as judged by the scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) confirmed the carboxymethylation of CS and the chemical stability of 5-FU in the formulations...
March 27, 2017: Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340746/a-novel-sensitive-amperometric-choline-biosensor-based-on-multiwalled-carbon-nanotubes-and-gold-nanoparticles
#2
Hend Samy Magar, Mariana Emilia Ghica, Mohammed Nooredeen Abbas, Christopher M A Brett
A novel amperometric biosensor for choline determination has been developed, exploiting the electrocatalytic properties of multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) and gold nanoparticles (GNP). Chitosan (Chit), a natural biocompatible polymer, was used to disperse CNT, then Chit-MWCNT was dropped on the surface of a glassy carbon electrode (GCE), followed by GNP; finally, choline oxidase (ChOx) was immobilized by glutaraldehyde crosslinking. The ChOx/(GNP)4/MWCNT/GCE exhibited linear response to choline from 3 to 120µM, the sensitivity was 204µAcm(-2)mM(-1) and the detection limit was 0...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340704/sub-attomolar-electrochemical-measurement-of-dna-hybridization-based-on-the-detection-of-high-coverage-biobarcode-latex-labels-at-pna-modified-screen-printed-electrodes
#3
Tarina Widaningrum, Endrika Widyastuti, Feby Wijaya Pratiwi, Ai Imas Faidoh Fatimah, Patsamon Rijiravanich, Mithran Somasundrum, Werasak Surareungchai
We have constructed biobarcode labels based on 468nm diameter latex spheres. Modification with polyallylamine and then glutaraldehyde was used to attach a high DNA loading, consisting of aminated probe DNA (approx. 1.01×10(2) molecules per sphere) and biobarcode DNA (approx. 1.66×10(4) molecules per sphere). Detection of the biobarcodes was performed by application of a Ag enhancer solution, causing association of the Ag(+) ions with the phosphate groups of the DNA. The deposited Ag was detected by differential pulse voltammetry...
May 15, 2017: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330255/ascorbyl-palmitate-synthesis-in-an-organic-solvent-system-using-a-celite-immobilized-commercial-lipase-lipolase-100l
#4
Shivika Sharma, Kriti Kanwar, Shamsher S Kanwar
Ascorbyl palmitate was synthesized using a Celite-immobilized commercial lipase (Lipolase 100L) in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO) as an organic solvent system. Lipase immobilized by surface adsorption onto Celite 545 matrix and subsequently exposed to 1 % glutaraldehyde showed 75 % binding of protein. The Celite-bound lipase was optimally active at 75 °C and pH 8.5 under shaking and showed maximum hydrolytic activity toward p-NPP as a substrate. The bound lipase was found to be stimulated only in the presence of Al(3+) and EDTA...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330236/xylanase-production-from-penicillium-citrinum-isolate-hzn13-using-response-surface-methodology-and-characterization-of-immobilized-xylanase-on-glutaraldehyde-activated-calcium-alginate-beads
#5
Zabin K Bagewadi, Sikandar I Mulla, Yogesh Shouche, Harichandra Z Ninnekar
The present study reports the production of high-level cellulase-free xylanase from Penicillium citrinum isolate HZN13. The variability in xylanase titers was assessed under both solid-state (SSF) and submerged (SmF) fermentation. SSF was initially optimized with different agro-waste residues, among them sweet sorghum bagasse was found to be the best substrate that favored maximum xylanase production (9643 U/g). Plackett-Burman and response surface methodology employing central composite design were used to optimize the process parameters for the production of xylanase under SSF...
December 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329206/precise-moulded-autologous-pericardial-configurations-for-aortic-cusp-reconstruction
#6
Mohammad Bashar Izzat, Khaled Hamzeh, Farouk Almohammad
OBJECTIVES: In order to facilitate surgical repair of complex aortic cusp deformities and restoration of aortic valve competence, new moulds were developed to shape the glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium into precise cusp-like configurations that can be used in aortic cusp reconstruction. METHODS: The new moulds embodied the natural geometry of single aortic cusps, and a series of moulds were made available to correspond with all potential aortic cusp sizes...
February 27, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329148/myocardial-energy-metabolism-and-ultrastructure-with-polarizing-and-depolarizing-cardioplegia-in-a-porcine-model%C3%A2
#7
Terje Aass, Lodve Stangeland, David J Chambers, Seth Hallström, Christine Rossmann, Bruno K Podesser, Malte Urban, Knut Nesheim, Rune Haaverstad, Knut Matre, Ketil Grong
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated whether the novel St. Thomas' Hospital polarizing cardioplegic solution (STH-POL) with esmolol/adenosine/magnesium offers improved myocardial protection by reducing demands for high-energy phosphates during cardiac arrest compared to the depolarizing St. Thomas' Hospital cardioplegic solution No 2 (STH-2). METHODS: Twenty anaesthetised pigs on tepid cardiopulmonary bypass were randomized to cardiac arrest for 60 min with antegrade freshly mixed, repeated, cold, oxygenated STH-POL or STH-2 blood cardioplegia every 20 min...
March 2, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28324859/bovine-serum-albumin-as-an-effective-sensitivity-enhancer-for-peptide-based-amperometric-biosensor-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-prostate-specific-antigen
#8
Zhongxue Tang, Yuanyuan Fu, Zhanfang Ma
Bovine serum albumin (BSA) was firstly implemented as an effective sensitivity enhancer for a peptide-based amperometric biosensor for the ultrasensitive detection of prostate specific antigen (PSA). A porous and conductive substrate of chitosan-lead ferrocyanide-(poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)-graphene oxide) was in-situ generated on a glassy carbon electrode (GCE), in which Pb2[Fe(CN)6] served as a novel redox species with strong current signal at -0.46 V (vs. Ag/AgCl). Poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride)-graphene oxide was applied to improve conductivity of the substrate...
March 16, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314145/preparation-of-polyhedral-oligomeric-silsesquioxane-based-cross-linked-inorganic-organic-nanohybrid-as-adsorbent-for-selective-removal-of-acidic-dyes-from-aqueous-solution
#9
Jiawei Liu, Heng Yu, Qingmei Liang, Yanna Liu, Jiwei Shen, Quan Bai
A cross-linked polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) nanohybrid is synthesized through Schiff base chemistry by using octa-amino POSS as building blocks and glutaraldehyde as dual functional reagent. The obtained nanohybrid is characterized by FT-IR, solid-state (29)Si NMR, SEM, TEM, TGA and N2 adsorption-desorption isotherm, and the results demonstrate the successful cross-linkage between POSS molecules, forming block-like irregular nanoparticles with a specific surface area of 42.8m(2)g(-1). As a novel solid-phase adsorbent, cross-linked POSS nanohybrid exhibits selective adsorption properties for acidic dyes, i...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295715/grb7-protein-ra-domain-oligomerization
#10
Malika P Godamudunage, Albert Foster, Darius Warren, Barbara A Lyons
The growth factor receptor bound protein 7 (Grb7) is an adaptor protein that is often coamplified with the erythroblastosis oncogene B 2 receptor in 20% to 30% of breast cancer patients. Grb7 overexpression has been linked to increased cell migration and cancer metastasis. The ras associating and pleckstrin homology domain region of Grb7 has been reported to interact with various other downstream signaling proteins such as four and half Lin11, Isl-1, Mec-3 (LIM) domains isoform 2 and filamin α. These interactions are believed to play a role in regulating Grb7-mediated cell migration function...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Molecular Recognition: JMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295002/-ultrastructural-characteristics-of-gap-junctions-in-human-glial-brain-tumors
#11
E Yu Kirichenko, A F Savchenko, D V Kozachenko, A E Matsionis, A K Logvinov
AIM: to conduct an electron microscopic study of intercellular communication in the samples of gemistocytic astrocytoma, oligodendroglioma, and glioblastoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Surgically resected tumor tissue fragments were fixed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde solution, afterfixed in 1% OsO4 solution, dehydrated, and embedded in epoxy resin. Ultrathin sections were examined using a Jem 1011 electron microscope (Jeol, Japan). RESULTS: Solitary and closely spaced gap junctions (GJs) formed by the thin processes that have the ultrastructure of an astroglial processes were identified in the astrocytoma samples...
2017: Arkhiv Patologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28284570/enzyme-antibody-dual-film-modified-gold-nanoparticle-probe-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-alpha-fetoprotein
#12
Qian Xiao, Yizhi Zheng, Jing Liu, Suiping Wang, Bo Feng
In this study, we designed a comprehensive strategy for the ultrasensitive detection of alpha fetoprotein (AFP) with high specificity using gold nanoparticle (AuNP)-based enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). A dual-film modified probe was synthesized by coating AuNPs with horseradish peroxidase (HRP) on its surface. Anti-AFP monoclonal antibody (McAb) was immobilized on the surface of the enzyme using glutaraldehyde cross-linking method. AuNPs, employed as support for the immobilization of HRP. HRP was used not only as the enzymatic-amplified tracer but also as a bridge for loading McAb...
March 8, 2017: Biologicals: Journal of the International Association of Biological Standardization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283215/the-use-of-bovine-serum-albumin-glutaraldehyde-tissue-adhesive-bioglue-%C3%A2-for-tumor-bed-closure-following-open-partial-nephrectomy
#13
Z Bahouth, S Halachmi, S Shprits, Y Burbara, O Avitan, I Masarwa, B Moskovitz, O Nativ
OBJECTIVES: To report the results of the use of Bovine Serum Albumin-Glutaraldehyde tissue adhesive (BioGlue®) for tumor bed closure in open nephron-sparing surgery (NSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The cohort included 255 patients with enhancing renal mass who underwent open NSS. We used open flank approach, with in-situ hypothermia and enucleation of the tumor. For tumor bed closure, we used the BioGlue(®) sealant for tumor bed filling, without suturing the edges...
March 7, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278087/laccase-immobilized-dendritic-nanofibrous-membranes-as-a-novel-approach-towards-the-removal-of-bisphenol-a
#14
Lebohang E Koloti, Nonjabulo P Gule, Omotayo A Arotiba, Soraya P Malinga
Laccase enzymes from Rhus vernificera were covalently bound on hyperbranched polyethyleneimine/polyethersulfone (HPEI/PES) electrospun nanofibrous membranes and used for the removal of bisphenol A (BPA) from water. The laccase enzyme was anchored on the dendritic membranes through the abundant peripheral amine groups on the hyperbranched polyethyleneimine (HPEI) using glutaraldehyde as a cross-linker. The membranes were characterised with attenuated total reflectance-Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) spectroscopy and correlative light and electron microscopy (CLEM)...
March 2, 2017: Environmental Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258045/fine-tuning-transmission-electron-microscopy-methods-to-evaluate-the-cellular-architecture-of-ulvacean-seaweeds-chlorophyta
#15
D R Farias, C Simioni, E Poltronieri, Z L Bouzon, C K Macleod
Chemical fixation is a critical step in the analysis of the ultrastructure of seaweeds because the wrong approach can compromise the ability to distinguish fine-scale cellular composition. Fixation agents, fixation time and type of tissue are important factors to consider for transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and not every protocol is suitable for all cell types. We evaluated a range of fixation agents, post-fixation time and dehydration solutions to determine a TEM protocol for seaweeds in the Family Ulvaceae...
May 2017: Micron: the International Research and Review Journal for Microscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28239057/immobilization-of-lipase-from-geobacillus-sp-and-its-application-in-synthesis-of-methyl-salicylate
#16
Kamal Kumar Bhardwaj, Nitin Kumar Saun, Reena Gupta
The present study showed unique properties of an alkaline, thermophilic lipase of Geobacillus sp. which was isolated from soil of hot spring. The study was aimed to investigate the optimum immobilization conditions of lipase onto silica gel matrix (100-200 mesh) by surface adsorption method and its application in the synthesis of methyl salicylate. Lipase immobilized by surface adsorption onto silica pretreated with 4% glutaraldehyde showed 74.67% binding of protein and the optimum binding time for glutaraldehyde was found to be 2 h...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Oleo Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208017/tailoring-cellular-uptake-and-fluorescence-of-poly-2-oxazoline-based-nanogels
#17
Matthias Hartlieb, Tanja Bus, Joachim Kübel, David Pretzel, Stephanie Hoeppener, Meike N Leiske, Kristian Kempe, Benjamin Dietzek, Ulrich S Schubert
Controlling the size and charge of nanometer-sized objects is of upmost importance for their interactions with cells. We herein present the synthesis of poly(2-oxazoline) based nanogels comprising a hydrophilic shell and an amine containing core compartment. Amine groups were cross-linked using glutaraldehyde resulting in imine based nanogels. As a drug model, amino fluorescein was covalently immobilized within the core, quenching excessive aldehyde functions. By varying the amount of cross-linker, the zeta potential and, hence, the cellular uptake could be adjusted...
March 3, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28199953/evaluation-of-single-and-stack-membraneless-enzymatic-fuel-cells-based-on-ethanol-in-simulated-body-fluids
#18
J Galindo-de-la-Rosa, N Arjona, A Moreno-Zuria, E Ortiz-Ortega, M Guerra-Balcázar, J Ledesma-García, L G Arriaga
The purpose of this work is to evaluate single and double-cell membraneless microfluidic fuel cells (MMFCs) that operate in the presence of simulated body fluids SBF, human serum and blood enriched with ethanol as fuels. The study was performed using the alcohol dehydrogenase enzyme immobilised by covalent binding through an array composed of carbon Toray paper as support and a layer of poly(methylene blue)/tetrabutylammonium bromide/Nafion and glutaraldehyde (3D bioanode electrode). The single MMFC was tested in a hybrid microfluidic fuel cell using Pt/C as the cathode...
June 15, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28198974/effect-of-two-desensitizing-agents-on-dentin-permeability-in-vitro
#19
Hiroshi Ishihata, Masafumi Kanehira, Werner J Finger, Hidekazu Takahashi, Makoto Tomita, Keiichi Sasaki
Objective: The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the effect of two desensitizing agents and water on hydraulic conductance in human dentin. Material and Methods: GLUMA Desensitizer PowerGel (GLU) contains glutaraldehyde (GA) and 2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate (HEMA), and Teethmate Desensitizer (TD) is a powder comprising tetracalcium phosphate (TTCP) and dicalcium phosphate anhydrous (DCPA) that is mixed with water. Deionized water was used as a negative control (CTR)...
January 2017: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196414/polyelectrolyte-fiber-assembly-of-plant-derived-spider-silk-like-proteins
#20
Congyue Annie Peng, Julia Russo, Todd A Lyda, William R Marcotte
Spider dragline silk is a proteinaceous material that combines superior toughness and biocompatibility, which makes it a promising biomaterial. The distinct protein structure and the fiber formation process contribute to the superior toughness of dragline silk. Previously, we have produced recombinant spider silk-like proteins in transgenic tobacco that are readily purified from plant extracts. The plant-derived spidroin-like proteins consisted of native major ampullate spidroin 1 or spidroin 2 N- and C-termini flanking 8, 16, or 32 copies of their respective consensus block repeats (mini-spidroins)...
March 13, 2017: Biomacromolecules
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