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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728113/catalase-based-hydrogen-peroxide-biosensor-for-mercury-determination-by-inhibition-measurements
#1
Basant Elsebai, Mariana Emilia Ghica, Mohammed Nooredeen Abbas, Christopher M A Brett
A new amperometric hydrogen peroxide enzyme inhibition biosensor for the indirect determination of toxic mercury ions, Hg(2+), based on catalase immobilized on a glassy carbon electrode surface by cross-linking with glutaraldehyde and bovine serum albumin, is reported. The parameters influencing biosensor performance were optimized, including enzyme loading, the amount of hydrogen peroxide, the applied potential and electrolyte pH. It was shown that the inhibition of catalase by Hg(2+) species is irreversible, with a linear inhibition response between 5×10(-11) and 5×10(-10)M...
July 11, 2017: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690263/direct-electron-transfer-type-bioelectrocatalysis-of-peroxidase-at-mesoporous-carbon-electrodes-and-its-application-for-glucose-determination-based-on-bienzyme-system
#2
Hong-Qi Xia, Yuki Kitazumi, Osamu Shirai, Kenji Kano
Non-catalytic direct electron transfer (DET) signal of Compound I of horseradish peroxidase (POD) was first detected at 0.7 V on POD/carbon nanotube mixture-modified electrodes. Excellent performance of DET-type bioelectrocatalysis was achieved with POD immobilized with glutaraldehyde on Ketjen Black (KB)-modified electrodes for H2O2 reduction with an onset potential of 0.65 V (vs. Ag | AgCl | sat. KCl) without any electrode surface modification. The POD-immobilized KB electrode was found to be suitable for detecting H2O2 with a low detection limit (0...
2017: Analytical Sciences: the International Journal of the Japan Society for Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686585/constructing-cellular-niche-properties-by-localized-presentation-of-wnt-proteins-on-synthetic-surfaces
#3
Molly Lowndes, Sergi Junyent, Shukry J Habib
Wnt signaling is crucial during embryonic development and for the maintenance of adult tissues. Depending on the tissue type, the Wnt pathway can promote stem cell self-renewal and/or direct lineage commitment. Wnt proteins are subject to lipid modification, often restricting them to act in a localized manner on responsive cells. Most methods for inducing Wnt signaling in stem cell cultures do not control the spatial presentation of the protein. To recreate the local presentation of Wnt proteins often seen in vivo, we previously developed a method to immobilize the protein onto synthetic surfaces...
July 2017: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685126/characterization-of-ferrite-nanoparticles-for-preparation-of-biocomposites
#4
Urszula Klekotka, Magdalena Rogowska, Dariusz Satuła, Beata Kalska-Szostko
Ferrite nanoparticles with nominal composition Me0.5Fe2.5O4 (Me = Co, Fe, Ni or Mn) have been successfully prepared by the wet chemical method. The obtained particles have a mean diameter of 11-16 ± 2 nm and were modified to improve their magnetic properties and chemical activity. The surface of the pristine nanoparticles was functionalized afterwards with -COOH and -NH2 groups to obtain a bioactive layer. To achieve our goal, two different modification approaches were realized. In the first one, glutaraldehyde was attached to the nanoparticles as a linker...
2017: Beilstein Journal of Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28680549/the-effect-of-prolonged-storage-and-disinfection-on-the-dimensional-stability-of-5-vinyl-polyether-silicone-impression-materials
#5
Usama Nassar, Carlos Flores-Mir, Giseon Heo, Ysidora Torrealba
PURPOSE: Vinyl polyether silicone (VPES) has a different composition from other elastomeric impression materials as it combines vinyl polysiloxane (VPS) and polyether (PE). Therefore, it is important to study its properties and behavior under different test conditions. This study investigated the dimensional stability of 5 VPES consistencies when stored for up to 2 weeks, with and without using a standard disinfection procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 40 discs of each VPES consistency (total 200) were made using a stainless steel die and ring as described by ANSI /ADA specification No...
June 2017: Journal of Advanced Prosthodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678803/ph-responsive-n-succinyl-chitosan-poly-acrylamide-co-acrylic-acid-hydrogels-and-in-vitro-release-of-5-fluorouracil
#6
Shahid Bashir, Yin Yin Teo, Sumaira Naeem, S Ramesh, K Ramesh
There has been significant progress in the last few decades in addressing the biomedical applications of polymer hydrogels. Particularly, stimuli responsive hydrogels have been inspected as elegant drug delivery systems capable to deliver at the appropriate site of action within the specific time. The present work describes the synthesis of pH responsive semi-interpenetrating network (semi-IPN) hydrogels of N-succinyl-chitosan (NSC) via Schiff base mechanism using glutaraldehyde as a crosslinking agent and Poly (acrylamide-co-acrylic acid)(Poly (AAm-co-AA)) was embedded within the N-succinyl chitosan network...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662476/effect-of-crosslinking-on-the-physical-and-chemical-properties-of-%C3%AE-lactoglobulin-blg-microgels
#7
Ryan W Murphy, Brian E Farkas, Owen G Jones
HYPOTHESIS: Microgels assembled from the protein β-lactoglobulin are colloidal structures with potential applications in food materials. Modifying the internal crosslinking within these microgels using enzymatic or chemical treatments should affect dissolution, swelling, and viscous attributes under strongly solvating conditions. EXPERIMENTS: Microgels were treated with citric acid, glutaraldehyde and transglutaminase to induce cross-linking or with tris(2-carboxyethyl)phosphine to reduce disulfide linkages...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Colloid and Interface Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28655955/comparison-of-efficacy-and-cost-effectiveness-of-0-55-ortho-phthalaldehyde-and-2-glutaraldehyde-for-disinfection-of-laryngoscopes-a-prospective-pilot-study
#8
Priyanka Pradeep Karnik, Nandini Malay Dave, Gita Nataraj, Rajarshi Gupta, Madhu Garasia
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The laryngoscope is a potential source of cross-infection as it involves contact with the mucous membrane, saliva and occasionally blood. This study compared efficacy and cost-effectiveness of two Centre for Disease Control approved agents for disinfection of laryngoscope blades. METHODS: One hundred and sixty patients requiring laryngoscopy and intubation for general anaesthesia were randomly allocated into two groups. After tracheal intubation, used laryngoscope blades were cleaned with tap water...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649791/bioactivity-and-biomineralization-ability-of-calcium-silicate-based-pulp-capping-materials-after-subcutaneous-implantation
#9
G Hinata, K Yoshiba, L Han, N Edanami, N Yoshiba, T Okiji
AIM: To evaluate the abilities of three calcium silicate-based pulp-capping materials (ProRoot MTA, TheraCal LC, and a prototype tricalcium silicate cement) to produce apatite-like precipitates after being subcutaneously implanted into rats. METHODOLOGY: Polytetrafluoroethylene tubes containing each material were subcutaneously implanted into the backs of Wistar rats. At 7, 14, and 28 days post-implantation, the implants were removed together with the surrounding connective tissue, and fixed in 2...
June 26, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648614/the-effects-of-retinoic-acid-on-mmp-2-production-proliferation-and-ultrastructural-morphology-in-rat-uterus
#10
Tuğba Kotil, Şengül Şentürk, Türkan Sarioğlu, Leyla Tapul
AIMS: Retinoic acid (RA) has a vital importance in order to ensure continuity and morphology in many tissues. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have significant roles in proliferation, the formation of cancers, and metastasis. In this study the effects of RA on MMP-2 production in cells of rat uterus were investigated. METHODS: Twenty-four adult Spraque Dawley rats were divided into two groups, the experimental group was treated with 40mg/kg/day 13-cis RA for 5days by gavage...
June 22, 2017: Experimental and Toxicologic Pathology: Official Journal of the Gesellschaft Für Toxikologische Pathologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647880/selective-removal-and-preconcentration-of-triclosan-using-a-water-compatible-imprinted-nano-magnetic-chitosan-particles
#11
Yuan Chen, Xin Lei, Rongni Dou, Yuancai Chen, Yongyou Hu, Zhiqi Zhang
A water-compatible magnetic triclosan (TCS) imprinted material (TCS-CTS-Fe(0)-MIPs) was synthesized for selective enrichment and detection of TCS in real complex water samples. The material was synthesized by using chitosan (CTS) as functional monomer, which has rich surface O- and N-containing functional groups. The TCS imprinted CTS was coated on Fe(0) surface and then cross-linked with glutaraldehyde. Scanning electron microscopy suggested that the imprinted material was covered with a layer of imprinted film, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed that the imprinted material had more functional groups (amino and hydroxyl groups) than that of non-imprinted material...
June 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647524/preparation-and-evaluation-of-bsa-based-hydrosol-nanoparticles-cross-linked-with-genipin-for-oral-administration-of-poorly-water-soluble-curcumin
#12
Narges Shahgholian, Ghadir Rajabzadeh, Bizhan Malaekeh-Nikouei
One of the most interesting functions of albumin is the ability to interact with bioactive compounds. This study describes preparation of protein-based nanoparticles (NPs) for the preparation of solid dispersion of curcumin (CN). Fabrication of hydrosol system of dispersed CN in bovine serum albumin (BSA) was approached, followed by cross-linking with glutaraldehyde (Gta). Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to investigate the influence of input factors (pH, CN content and organic phase ratio (r)), on the particle size and CN entrapment efficiency (EE)...
June 21, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641394/reoperative-analysis-after-mitral-valve-repair-with-glutaraldehyde-treated-autologous-pericardium
#13
Naoto Fukunaga, Ryuzo Sakata, Tadaaki Koyama
OBJECTIVES: We reviewed reoperations following mitral valve repair (MVR) that used glutaraldehyde-treated autologous pericardium for mitral regurgitation (MR) to analyse the durability and risk factors for reoperation. METHODS: We retrospectively analysed 144 patients (mean age 57.9 years) who underwent MVR using glutaraldehyde-treated pericardium from March 1992 to December 2011. A total of 19 reoperations were necessary during the follow-up period (mean 6.9 years)...
June 21, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637199/first-ex-vivo-and-preliminary-sheep-model-results-of-the-new-tribio-aortic-valve-bioprosthesis-in-small-aortic-annuli
#14
Sina Stock, Hans-Hinrich Sievers, Doreen Richardt, Michael Scharfschwerdt
OBJECTIVES: : Small aortic annuli are challenging in aortic valve replacement. Prosthesis-patient mismatch, accompanied by high transvalvular gradients and small orifice area, is an often faced problem impairing postoperative outcome. The new TRIBIO bioprosthesis aims to enable enhanced haemodynamics, being increasingly important with decreasing annular size. This study compares ex vivo hydrodynamics of TRIBIO with 2 established bioprostheses in small annuli at different stroke volumes, simulating 'rest' and 'exercise', and evaluates haemodynamics of TRIBIO in a sheep model...
June 20, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624620/agbr-nanoparticles-3d-nitrogen-doped-graphene-hydrogel-for-fabricating-all-solid-state-luminol-electrochemiluminescence-escherichia-coli-aptasensors
#15
Nan Hao, Xuan Zhang, Zhou Zhou, Rong Hua, Ying Zhang, Qian Liu, Jing Qian, Henan Li, Kun Wang
It is necessary to develop rapid, simple and accurate detection method for Escherichia coli (E. coli) due to its widely distributed pathogenic bacteria. Herein, we prepared AgBr nanoparticles (NPs) anchored 3D nitrogen-doped graphene hydrogel (3DNGH) nanocomposites with an exceptionally large accessible surface by a simple hydrothermal approach. The as-prepared 3DNGH porous nanocomposite not only showed better conductivity than that of 3D graphene due to introducing nitrogen element into graphene framework, but also provided a high loading volume for immobilizing luminol...
June 13, 2017: Biosensors & Bioelectronics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600228/a-bimetallic-nanocoral-au-decorated-with-pt-nanoflowers-bio-sensor-for-h2o2-detection-at-low-potential
#16
Gabriella Sanzò, Irene Taurino, Francesca Puppo, Riccarda Antiochia, Lo Gorton, Gabriele Favero, Franco Mazzei, Sandro Carrara, Giovanni De Micheli
In this work, we have developed for the first time a method to make novel gold and platinum hybrid bimetallic nanostructures differing in shape and size. Au-Pt nanostructures were prepared by electrodeposition in two simple steps. The first step consists of the electrodeposition of nanocoral Au onto a gold substrate using hydrogen as a dynamic template in an ammonium chloride solution. After that, the Pt nanostructures were deposited onto the nanocoral Au organized in pores. Using Pt (II) and Pt (IV), we realized nanocoral Au decorated with Pt nanospheres and nanocoral Au decorated with Pt nanoflowers, respectively...
June 6, 2017: Methods: a Companion to Methods in Enzymology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586194/two-dimensional-1t-phase-transition-metal-dichalcogenides-as-nanocarriers-to-enhance-and-stabilize-enzyme-activity-for-electrochemical-pesticide-detection
#17
Muhammad Zafir Mohamad Nasir, Carmen C Mayorga-Martinez, Zdeněk Sofer, Martin Pumera
Single or few layers lithium-exfoliated transition metal dichalcogenides (TMDs) are found to exist predominantly in the conducting metallic 1T-polymorph, which makes it desirable for numerous applications due to its large surface area, good electrical conductivity, and enhanced electrocatalytic capabilities. We demonstrated the use of tert-butyllithium exfoliated TMDs (MoS2, MoSe2, WS2, WSe2) as a platform for the indirect electrochemical detection of an organophosphate pesticide, fenitrothion, via enzymatic inhibition pathway...
June 27, 2017: ACS Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578974/aot-reverse-micelles-as-versatile-reaction-media-for-chitosan-nanoparticles-synthesis
#18
M Soledad Orellano, Carina Porporatto, Juana J Silber, R Darío Falcone, N Mariano Correa
It is known that Chitosan (Ch) can be used in several applications, such as antimicrobial agent or as drug delivery agent. However, being its water dispersibility very low at physiological pH it is necessary to find a way to improve it. One attractive strategy is to synthesize Chitosan Nanoparticles (Ch-NPs). In this work, a versatile method to obtain Ch-NPs with different and controlled sizes, that were successfully prepared by cross-linking reaction of glutaraldehyde and native chitosan inside of n-heptane/sodium 1,4-bis-2-ethylhexylsulfosuccinate (AOT)/water reverse micelles (RMs) is presented...
September 1, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554384/synthesis-of-fibrous-and-non-fibrous-mesoporous-silica-magnetic-yolk-shell-microspheres-as-recyclable-supports-for-immobilization-of-candida-rugosa-lipase
#19
Zafar Ali, Lei Tian, Baoliang Zhang, Nisar Ali, Muhammad Khan, Qiuyu Zhang
The mesoporous yolk-shell nanoparticles (MYSNs), with a movable Fe3O4 core inside the hollow capsules, with two different morphologies (1) Fe3O4@SiO2@hollow@fibrous SiO2 (Yolk Shell-1) (2) Fe3O4@SiO2@hollow@mesoporousSiO2 (Yolk Shell-2) were fabricated as carriers for Candida rugosa lipase (CRL) immobilization, through a template-assistant selectively etching method. Firstly the hydrophilic Fe3O4 nanoparticles were synthesized according to the solvothermal method. Then, SiO2 shell was coated on the Fe3O4 nanoparticle surface by a sol-gel reaction...
August 2017: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28551130/reagent-less-amperometric-glucose-biosensor-based-on-a-graphite-rod-electrode-layer-by-layer-modified-with-1-10-phenanthroline-5-6-dione-and-glucose-oxidase
#20
Asta Kausaite-Minkstimiene, Ruta Simanaityte, Almira Ramanaviciene, Laura Glumbokaite, Arunas Ramanavicius
A reagent-less amperometric glucose biosensor operating in not-stirred sample solution was developed. A working electrode of the designed biosensor was based on a graphite rod (GR) electrode, which was modified with 1,10-phenanthroline-5,6-dione (PD) and glucose oxidase (GOx). The PD and the GOx were layer-by-layer adsorbed on the GR electrode surface with subsequent drying followed by chemical cross-linking of the adsorbed GOx with glutaraldehyde (GA). Optimal preparation conditions of the working electrode (GR/PD/GOx) were achieved with 12...
August 15, 2017: Talanta
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