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Glutaraldehyde 2%

Zhongqin Chen, Yanwei Wang, Wei Liu, Jingya Wang, Haixia Chen
The neutrase (EC and papain (EC were together immobilized ascross-linked enzyme aggregates (N-P-CLEAs) and their properties were characterized. The influence of the precipitant, cross-linking ratio of glutaraldehyde and cross-linking time were investigated. Ethanol was selected as the more efficient precipitant compared with ammonium sulfate. The proper cross-linking ratio of enzyme and glutaraldehyde was 1:5 (v/v) and the optimized cross-linking time was 4h. N-P-CLEAs showed obvious improvement in thermal stability and pH stability than the free enzyme (P<0...
November 29, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Feng Wang, Xin Guan, TianYi Wu, JianOu Qiao, ZhaoQing Han, JinLong Wu, XiaoWei Yu, QingJun You
We aimed to investigate whether acellular endocardium can be used as a useful biomaterial for the intima of engineered small-caliber vascular grafts. Fresh endocardium was harvested from the swine left atrium and was decellularized by digestion with the decellularization solution of Triton X-100 and SDS containing DNase I and RNase A. Surface morphological characteristics and Young's modulus were evaluated. To analyze the effect of mechanical characteristics on cell adhesion, the decellularized endocardium was stiffened with 2...
December 2016: Artificial Organs
D Knafl, S Tobudic, S C Cheng, D R Bellamy, F Thalhammer
Activity of dalbavancin against methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus epidermidis (MRSE) in biofilm was investigated and the microbicidal biofilm concentrations (MBC) were determined. Biofilms obtained from ten MRSA and ten MRSE bloodstream isolates, collected from patients in the General Hospital of Vienna between 2012 and 2015, were incubated with dalbavancin in trypticase soy broth (TSB) in serial dilution from 0.0625 mg/l to 256 mg/l using a microtiter plate biofilm model...
November 28, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
C S Pundir, V Aggarwal
The nanoparticles (NPs) aggregates of lipase from porcine pancreas, glycerol kinase (GK) from Cellulomonas sp. and glycerol-3-phosphate oxidase (GPO) from Aerococcus viridanss were prepared by desolvation and glutaraldehyde crosslinking and functionalized by cysteamine. These enzyme nanoparticles (ENPs) were characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and Fourier transform infra red (FTIR) spectroscopy. The functionalzed ENPs aggregates were co-immobilized covalently onto polycrystalline Au electrode through thiolated bond...
November 19, 2016: Analytical Biochemistry
D P Biswas, P A Tran, C Tallon, A J O'Connor
In this paper, a novel foaming methodology consisting of turbulent mixing and thermally induced phase separation (TIPS) was used to generate scaffolds for tissue engineering. Air bubbles were mechanically introduced into a chitosan solution which forms the continuous polymer/liquid phase in the foam created. The air bubbles entrained in the foam act as a template for the macroporous architecture of the final scaffolds. Wet foams were crosslinked via glutaraldehyde and frozen at -20 °C to induce TIPS in order to limit film drainage, bubble coalescence and Ostwald ripening...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Biomaterials Science. Polymer Edition
N Dutta, S Biswas, M K Saha
Cellulase enzyme was purified from a psychrophilic strain of Bacillus subtilis obtained from east Himalayan mountains. The native enzyme showed optimum activity at 15°C and pH 8.0.The Magnesium oxide nanoparticle (MgN) supplemented enzyme when immobilized on graphene oxide nanosupport (GO), via glutaraldehyde as cross linker, showed 2.98 folds increase in enzymatic activity at 8°C and more than 3.5 folds activity increment at 90°C. The MgN-cel on graphene (GO-MgN-cel) showed a decrease in Km by 6.7 folds at 8°C and 34 folds at 90°C...
December 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Mengxia Cheng, Zilin Chen
A new method for screening tyrosinase inhibitors from traditional Chinese medicines (TCM) was successfully developed by capillary electrophoresis with reliable online immobilized enzyme microreactor (IMER). In addition, molecular docking study has been used for supporting inhabitation interaction between enzyme and inhibitors. The IMER of tyrosinase was constructed at the outlet of the capillary by using glutaraldehyde as cross-linker. The parameters including enzyme reaction, separation of the substrate and product, and the performance of immobilized tyrosinase were investigated systematically...
November 10, 2016: Electrophoresis
Jian Cheng, Wei Zhuang, Chenglun Tang, Yong Chen, Jinglan Wu, Ting Guo, Hanjie Ying
N-Acetylglucosamine-2-epimerase (AGE) and N-acetylneuraminic acid lyase (NAL) were immobilized for synthesis of N-acetylneuraminic acid (Neu5Ac) on three resins: Amberzyme oxirane resin (AOR), poly (styrene-co-DVB)-Br resin (PBR) and amino resin (AR). The loading capacity and immobilized enzyme activity showed that AR was the best carrier. Three methods of glutaraldehyde cross-linking were tested and simultaneous cross-linking and immobilization was demonstrated to be the best method. The functional properties of immobilized AGE and NAL were studied and compared to those of the free enzyme...
November 15, 2016: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
R S Singh, R P Singh, J F Kennedy
An extracellular inulinase was partially purified by ethanol precipitation and gel exclusion chromatography from a cell free extract of Kluyveromyces marxianus. Partially purified inulinase exhibited 420 IU/mg specific activity and it was immobilized on chitosan beads. Activity yield of immobilized inulinase was optimized with glutaraldehyde concentration (1-5%), glutaraldehyde treatment time (30-240min), enzyme coupling-time (2-16h) and enzyme loading (5-30 IU) as functions. Under the optimized conditions maximum yield 65...
November 12, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
S Eswaramma, K S V Krishna Rao
The present study aims at preparation of dual responsive interpenetrating polymer network hydrogel microbeads from sodium alginate and functionally modified guar gum. Guar gum was modified by graft copolymerization using N-vinylcaprolactam, the maximum % grafting 123.2, obtained at different optimized conditions. The graft copolymer was blended with sodium alginate to form hydrogel microbeads by emulsion crosslinking method using glutaraldehyde as crosslinker. Zidovudine, an anti-HIV drug was encapsulated with 68% encapsulation efficiency...
January 20, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Chandamany Arya, Hyuntaek Oh, Srinivasa R Raghavan
We have developed microscale polymer capsules that are able to chemically degrade a certain type of polymeric microbead in their immediate vicinity. The inspiration here is from the body's immune system, where killer T cells selectively destroy cancerous cells or cells infected by pathogens while leaving healthy cells alone. The "killer" capsules are made from the cationic biopolymer chitosan by a combination of ionic cross-linking (using multivalent tripolyposphate anions) and subsequent covalent cross-linking (using glutaraldehyde)...
November 2, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Inimfon A Udoetok, Lee D Wilson, John V Headley
Self-assembled and cross-linked chitosan/cellulose glutaraldehyde composite materials (CGC) were prepared with enhanced surface area and variable morphology. FTIR, CHN and 13C solid state NMR studies provided support for the cross-linking reaction between the amine groups of chitosan and glutaraldehyde; whereas, XRD and TGA studies provided evidence of cellulose-chitosan interactions for the composites. SEM, equilibrium swelling and nitrogen adsorption studies corroborate the enhanced surface area and variable morphology of the cross-linked biopolymers...
November 1, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Huacai Ge, Tingting Hua, Jincui Wang
A novel nanoadsorbent (PIACS) with average size of 52.6nm was prepared by controlling grafted polymerization of itaconic acid on chitosan to emulsion stage and then crosslinking with glutaraldehyde. The preparation conditions were optimized and PIACS was characterized by FT-IR, XRD, SEM, TEM and TGA. The adsorption of PIACS for some metal ions was studied. The adsorption results showed that PIACS for adsorption of Hg(2+) and Pb(2+) had higher uptakes than some reported adsorbents. Various variables for adsorption of Hg(2+) and Pb(2+) were systematically researched...
October 25, 2016: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Muhammad Bilal, Muhammad Asgher, Hongbo Hu, Xuehong Zhang
An indigenous and industrially important manganese peroxidase (MnP) was isolated from solid-state bio-processing of wheat bran by white-rot fungal strain Ganoderma lucidum IBL-05 under pre-optimized growth conditions. Crude MnP extract was partially purified (2.34-fold) to apparent homogeneity by ammonium sulphate precipitation and dialysis. The homogeneous enzyme preparation was encapsulated on gelatin matrix using glutaraldehyde as a cross-linking agent. Optimal conditions for highest immobilization (82.5%) were: gelatin 20% (w/v), glutaraldehyde 0...
October 2016: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
Helen Conceição Ferraz, Daniela Ferreira Machado, Neuman Solange de Resende
This work demonstrates the successful modification of screen-printed electrodes using functionalized titanate nanowires for producing a peroxide biosensor. Titanate nanowires were synthesized by the hydrothermal method and characterized using physico-chemical techniques. The surface of the nanowires was modified with (3-aminopropyl)trimethoxysilane and glutaraldehyde to immobilize horseradish peroxidase through covalent bound, obtaining a surface coverage of 1.62mg of enzyme/m(2). The surface of screen-printed carbon electrodes was modified with peroxidase-containing nanowires...
January 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Maximilian Bures, Patrick Zardo, Florian Länger, Ruoyu Zhang
BACKGROUND: Albumin-glutaraldehyde glue has gained widespread acceptance for treatment of alveolar air leaks (AAL) in thoracic surgery. As liquid run-off during application is detrimental to its sealing efficacy, we developed a modified technique and assessed it in vitro. METHODS: Caudal lobes of freshly excised swine lungs (n = 20) were intubated and ventilated. A standardized focal superficial parenchymal defect (40 × 25 mm) was created on the inflated lung...
October 21, 2016: Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery
Roda Seseogullari-Dirihan, Mustafa Murat Mutluay, David H Pashley, Arzu Tezvergil-Mutluay
OBJECTIVE: Inactivation of dentin proteases by crosslinkers has been suggested as a way to prevent the degradation of dentin collagen in the hybrid layer. However, it is not known if the inhibition is reversible. The aim of this study was to evaluate the inactivation effect of various crosslinkers on dentin protease activity over a period of 6 months. METHODS: Demineralized dentin beams (1×2×6mm, n=10/group) were treated with (1) 1% glutaraldehyde (GA1), (2) 5% glutaraldehyde (GA5), (3) 1% grape seed extract (GS1), (4) 5% grape seed extract (GS5), (5) 10% sumac berry extract (S), (6) 20μM curcumin (CR20), and (7) 200μM curcumin (CR200) for 5min...
October 10, 2016: Dental Materials: Official Publication of the Academy of Dental Materials
Na Sai, Wenjing Sun, Yuntang Wu, Zhong Sun, Guanggui Yu, Guowei Huang
A new enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) for atrazine was developed based on covalent bonding of the small molecule hapten, 2-mercaptopropionic acid-4-ethylamino-6-isopropylamino-1,3,5-triazine (MPA-atrazine), to urea-glutaraldehyde (UGA)-treated microtiter plates. In this assay, the microtiter plate surface was treated with the UGA network to both introduce amino groups, which were used to cross-link with the hapten carboxylate groups, and efficiently prevent non-specific adsorption of antibodies, which successfully eliminated the time-consuming routine blocking step...
October 12, 2016: International Immunopharmacology
Mamatha M Pillai, J Gopinathan, B Indumathi, Y R Manjoosha, K Santosh Sahanand, B K Dinakar Rai, R Selvakumar, Amitava Bhattacharyya
In this study, silk fibroin nanofibrous scaffolds were developed to investigate the attachment and proliferation of primary human meniscal cells. Silk fibroin (SF)-polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) blended electrospun nanofibrous scaffolds with different blend ratios (2:1, 3:1, and 4:1) were prepared. Morphology of the scaffolds was characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM). The hybrid nanofibrous mats were crosslinked using 25 % (v/v) glutaraldehyde vapor. In degradation study, the crosslinked nanofiber showed slow degradation of 20 % on weight after 35 days of incubation in simulated body fluid (SBF)...
December 2016: Journal of Membrane Biology
Charles H Bloodworth, Eric L Pierce, Thomas F Easley, Andrew Drach, Amir H Khalighi, Milan Toma, Morten O Jensen, Michael S Sacks, Ajit P Yoganathan
Computational modeling of the mitral valve (MV) has potential applications for determining optimal MV repair techniques and risk of recurrent mitral regurgitation. Two key concerns for informing these models are (1) sensitivity of model performance to the accuracy of the input geometry, and, (2) acquisition of comprehensive data sets against which the simulation can be validated across clinically relevant geometries. Addressing the first concern, ex vivo micro-computed tomography (microCT) was used to image MVs at high resolution (~40 micron voxel size)...
October 3, 2016: Annals of Biomedical Engineering
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