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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646789/data-mining-for-detecting-signals-of-adverse-drug-reactions-of-fluoxetine-using-the-korea-adverse-event-reporting-system-kaers-database
#1
Seonji Kim, Kyounghoon Park, Mi-Sook Kim, Bo Ram Yang, Hyun Jin Choi, Byung-Joo Park
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) have become one of the most broadly used medications in psychiatry. Fluoxetine is the first representative antidepressant SSRI drug approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) in 1987. Safety information on fluoxetine use alone was less reported than its combined use with other drugs. There were no published papers on adverse drug reactions (ADRs) of fluoxetine analyzing spontaneous adverse events reports. We detected signals of the adverse drug reactions of fluoxetine by data mining using the Korea Adverse Events Reporting System (KAERS) database...
June 13, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645201/benznidazole-treatment-safety-the-m%C3%A3-decins-sans-fronti%C3%A3-res-experience-in-a-large-cohort-of-bolivian-patients-with-chagas-disease
#2
Gilberto Marcelo Sperandio da Silva, Mauro Felippe Felix Mediano, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno, Marcelo Teixeira de Holanda, Andrea Silvestre de Sousa, Luiz Henrique Conde Sangenis, Pedro Emmanuel Alvarenga Americano do Brasil, Roger Arteaga Mejía, Carina Perotti Fux, Juan-Carlos Cubides, Roberto Magalhães Saraiva, Lucia Maria Brum-Soares
Background: Up to half of patients with Chagas' disease under benznidazole treatment present adverse drug reactions (ADRs) and up to one-third do not complete standard treatment. Objectives: To verify the incidence and possible factors associated with the suspension of benznidazole treatment in a large cohort of patients. Methods: We included 2075 patients treated with benznidazole during the projects managed by the medical humanitarian organization Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) in Bolivia from 2009 to 2013...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645189/the-potential-role-of-retinoic-acid-receptor-%C3%AE-on-glomerulosclerosis-in-rats-and-podocytes-injury-is-associated-with-the-induction-of-mmp2-and-mmp9
#3
Xiuping Chen, Yuanhan Qin, Tianbiao Zhou, Ling Jiang, Fengying Lei, He Qin, Lei Zhang, Zhiqiang Zhou
Retinoic acid receptor α (RARα) plays a crucial role in kidney disease. However, the underlying mechanisms in glomerulosclerosis (GS) is still not clear. The roles of RARα in an adriamycin (ADR)-induced GS rat model and in ADR-induced podocyte injury in vitro were investigated. RARα was over-expressed in GS rats, and serum, urine and kidney samples were collected to detect the induction of the expression of the receptor. RARα expression was inhibited and/or over-expressed in cultured podocytes following injury, as demonstrated by morphometric assays, cell toxicity, and matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) enzymatic activity...
June 22, 2017: Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643529/correlation-between-adenoma-detection-rate-and-novel-quality-indicators-for-screening-colonoscopy-a-proposal-for-quality-measures-tool-kit
#4
Mohamed M Abdelfatah, Sherif Elhanafi, Marc J Zuckerman, Mohamed O Othman
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is the most validated quality indicator for colonoscopy. Calculating ADR may not yield information in regards to advanced adenoma detection rate (advanced ADR). In addition, calculating ADR for individual endoscopists cannot distinguish between those who find only one versus more than one adenoma per colonoscopy. Several novel quality indictors were recently proposed to ensure adequate assessment of quality during colonoscopy. Our study aims to determine the correlation between ADR and novel quality indicators...
June 23, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28642212/filtering-entities-to-optimize-identification-of-adverse-drug-reaction-from-social-media-how-can-the-number-of-words-between-entities-in-the-messages-help
#5
Redhouane Abdellaoui, Stéphane Schück, Nathalie Texier, Anita Burgun
BACKGROUND: With the increasing popularity of Web 2.0 applications, social media has made it possible for individuals to post messages on adverse drug reactions. In such online conversations, patients discuss their symptoms, medical history, and diseases. These disorders may correspond to adverse drug reactions (ADRs) or any other medical condition. Therefore, methods must be developed to distinguish between false positives and true ADR declarations. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate a method for filtering out disorder terms that did not correspond to adverse events by using the distance (as number of words) between the drug term and the disorder or symptom term in the post...
June 22, 2017: JMIR Public Health and Surveillance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641630/-sdf-1%C3%AE-cxcr4-mediated-drug-resistance-can-be-reversed-by-ibrutinib-in-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia
#6
Yuan-Yuan Hu, Shan-Dong Tao, Jing-Jing Ma, Li-Tao Zhou, Yue Chen, Liang Yu
OBJECTIVE: To explore the effect of Ibrutinib on the chemoresistance mediated by SDF-1α/CXCR4 axis in ALL cells. METHODS: Flow cytometry was used to detect the apoptosis of cell line and expression of surface membrane CXCR4, Western blot was used to determine the expression level of CXCR4, ERK and Bcl-xL proteins, qPCR was used to assay the mRNA level of CXCR4. RESULTS: Ibrutinib enhanced the apoptosis induced by adriamycin(ADR) (17.100±4...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641627/-mechanism-of-apoptosis-for-resveratrol-mediated-reversing-the-drug-resistance-of-aml-hl-60-adr-cells
#7
Yu-Kai Guo, Min Shi, Yong-Liang Qin, Yong-Jun Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the mechanism of apoptosis for resvertrol-mediated reversing the drug-resistance of AML HL-60/ADR cells. METHODS: The HL-60/ADR cells were divided into 4 groups: control group, adriamycin (ADR)-treated group, resveratrol(Res)-treated group and ADR+Res-treated group. The inhibitory rate of cell proliferation was analyzed by CCK-8 method. The auto-fluorescence intensity of intracellular ADR and the apoptotic rate of HL-60/ADR cells were detected by flow cytometry...
June 2017: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641051/beneficial-role-of-citrus-fruit-polyphenols-against-hepatic-dysfunctions-a-review
#8
Md Mohabbulla Mohib, Kazi Afnan, Tasfiq Zaman Paran, Salma Khan, Juthika Sarker, Nahid Hasan, Istiaque Hasan, Md Abu Taher Sagor
Alcoholic liver diseases and virus-induced hepatic dysfunctions are prevalent in western countries. Evidence also suggests that hyperglycemia and insulin resistance are key players in the development of hepatic diseases and their complications. Since the comorbid diseases like obesity, diabetes and vascular dysfunctions primarily affect liver, the modern therapies against other hepatic dysfunctions are becoming a major challenge to treat. In addition to these, polypharmacy and adverse drug reactions (ADRs) are further aggravating the phenomenon...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639602/study-of-adverse-drug-reactions-in-patients-with-diabetes-attending-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-new-delhi-india
#9
Abhishank Singh, Shridhar Dwivedi
The present prospective observational study was carried out in a tertiary care hospital in New Delhi, India from May 2014 to June 2015 to report adverse drug reactions (ADRs) in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) using antidiabetic drugs. A total of 220 patients (121 males, 99 females) were enrolled. ADRs were recorded on the prescribed form. Causality and severity assessment was done using Naranjo's probability scale and modified Hartwig and Siegel's severity scale, respectively. Commonly prescribed drugs were biguanides, peptide hormone and sulphonylurea...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638698/atypical-antipsychotic-therapy-in-parkinson-s-disease-psychosis-a-retrospective-study
#10
Mei Yuan, Laura Sperry, Norika Malhado-Chang, Alexandra Duffy, Vicki Wheelock, Sarah Farias, Kevin O'Connor, John Olichney, Kiarash Shahlaie, Lin Zhang
OBJECTIVE: Parkinson's disease psychosis (PDP) is a frequent complication of idiopathic Parkinson's disease (iPD) with significant impact on quality of life and association with poorer outcomes. Atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) are often used for the treatment of PDP; however, their use is often complicated by adverse drug reactions (ADRs). In this study, we present patients with PDP who were treated with the most commonly used atypical antipsychotic agents and review their respective ADRs...
June 2017: Brain and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638280/anticonvulsant-hypersensitivity-syndrome-after-phenytoin-administration-in-an-adolescent-patient-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#11
Malik Ghannam, Shaden Mansour, Aya Nabulsi, Qusay Abdoh
BACKGROUND: Hypersensitivity is a rare adverse drug reaction (ADR) associated with anti-epileptic medications. Phenytoin is one of the commonly used drugs for treatment of epilepsy that encounters a hypersensitivity reaction. This reaction can be ranged from mild cutaneous rash to anticonvulsant hypersensitivity syndrome (AHS) or drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms (DRESS) that includes fever, rash, eosinophilia and involvement of multiple internal organs. CASE PRESENTATION: A 15 year old middle eastern female patient from Gaza strip with free past medical and allergic history...
2017: Clinical and Molecular Allergy: CMA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634427/leveraging-food-and-drug-administration-adverse-event-reports-for-the-automated-monitoring-of-electronic-health-records-in-a-pediatric-hospital
#12
Huaxiu Tang, Imre Solti, Eric Kirkendall, Haijun Zhai, Todd Lingren, Jaroslaw Meller, Yizhao Ni
The objective of this study was to determine whether the Food and Drug Administration's Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) data set could serve as the basis of automated electronic health record (EHR) monitoring for the adverse drug reaction (ADR) subset of adverse drug events. We retrospectively collected EHR entries for 71 909 pediatric inpatient visits at Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center. Natural language processing (NLP) techniques were used to identify positive diseases/disorders and signs/symptoms (DDSSs) from the patients' clinical narratives...
2017: Biomedical Informatics Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633142/multifactorial-analysis-of-a-biomarker-pool-for-alzheimer-disease-risk-in-a-north-indian-population
#13
Puneet Talwar, Sandeep Grover, Juhi Sinha, Puneet Chandna, Rachna Agarwal, Suman Kushwaha, Ritushree Kukreti
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease with a complex multifactorial etiology. Here, we aim to identify a biomarker pool comprised of genetic variants and blood biomarkers as predictor of AD risk. METHODS: We performed a case-control study involving 108 cases and 159 non-demented healthy controls to examine the association of multiple biomarkers with AD risk. RESULTS: The APOE genotyping revealed that ε4 allele frequency was significantly high (p value = 0...
June 21, 2017: Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632591/acetabular-retroversion-but-not-increased-acetabular-depth-or-coverage-in-slipped-capital-femoral-epiphysis-a-matched-cohort-study
#14
Tobias Hesper, Sarah D Bixby, Young-Jo Kim, Yi-Meng Yen, Garrett Bowen, Patricia Miller, Michael B Millis, Eduardo N Novais
BACKGROUND: Femoral head overcoverage by a deep and retroverted acetabulum has been postulated as a mechanical factor in slipped capital femoral epiphysis (SCFE). We assessed acetabular depth, coverage, and version in the hips of patients with unilateral SCFE; in the contralateral, uninvolved hips; and in healthy control hips. METHODS: Thirty-six patients affected by unilateral SCFE were matched to 36 controls on the basis of sex and age. The acetabular depth-width ratio (ADR), the lateral center-edge angle (LCEA), the anterior and posterior acetabular sector angle (ASA), and version (10 mm distal to the highest point of the acetabular dome and at the level of the femoral head center) were assessed on computed tomography (CT)...
June 21, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632563/why-lumbar-artificial-disk-replacements-ladrs-fail
#15
Kenneth Pettine, Robert Ryu, Fernando Techy
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective review of prospectively collected data. OBJECTIVE: To determine why artificial disk replacements (ADRs) fail by examining results of 91 patients in FDA studies performed at a single investigational device exemption (IDE) site with minimum 2-year follow-up. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Patients following lumbar ADR generally achieve their 24-month follow-up results at 3 months postoperatively. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Every patient undergoing ADR at 1 IDE site by 2 surgeons was evaluated for clinical success...
July 2017: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632185/the-effects-of-selected-sesquiterpenes-from-myrica-rubra-essential-oil-on-the-efficacy-of-doxorubicin-in-sensitive-and-resistant-cancer-cell-lines
#16
Martin Ambrož, Petra Matoušková, Adam Skarka, Martina Zajdlová, Kateřina Žáková, Lenka Skálová
β-caryophyllene oxide (CAO), α-humulene (HUM), trans-nerolidol (NER) and valencene (VAL) are constituents of the essential oil of Myrica rubra (MEO), which has significant antiproliferative effect in various cancer cell lines. In the present study, we compared the antiproliferative effect of these sesquiterpenes alone and in combination with the cytostatic drug doxorubicin (DOX) in cancer cell lines with different sensitivity to DOX. Two ovarian cancer cell lines (sensitive A2780 and partly resistant SKOV3) and two lymphoblast cancer cell lines (sensitive CCRF/CEM and completely resistant CEM/ADR) were used...
June 20, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630426/the-down-regulation-of-slc7a11-enhances-ros-induced-p-gp-over-expression-and-drug-resistance-in-mcf-7-breast-cancer-cells
#17
Chun Ge, Bei Cao, Dong Feng, Fang Zhou, Jingwei Zhang, Na Yang, Siqi Feng, Guangji Wang, Jiye Aa
Adriamycin (ADR) induces the over-expression of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and multiple drug resistance in breast cancer cells. However, the biochemical process and underlying mechanisms are not clear. Our previous study revealed that ADR increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and decreased glutathione (GSH) biosynthesis, while N-acetylcysteine, the ROS scavenger, reversed the over-expression of P-gp. The present study showed that ADR inhibited the influx of cystine (the source material of GSH) and the activity of the SLC7A11 transporter (in charge of cystine uptake) in MCF-7 cells...
June 19, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629893/a-new-nir-triggered-dox-and-icg-co-delivery-system-for-enhanced-multidrug-resistant-cancer-treatment-through-simultaneous-chemo-photothermal-photodynamic-therapy
#18
Yanna Yu, Zhipeng Zhang, Yun Wang, Hao Zhu, Fangzhou Li, Yuanyuan Shen, Shengrong Guo
It is a great challenge to combat multidrug resistant (MDR) cancer effectively. To address this issue, we developed a new near-infrared (NIR) triggered chemotherapeutic agent doxorubicin (DOX) and photosensitizer indocyanine green (ICG) co-release system by aid of NIR induced photothermal effect of gold nanocages (AuNCs) and temperature sensitive phase-change property of 1-tetradecanol at its melting point of 39°C, which could simultaneously exerted chemo/photothermal/photodynamic treatment on MDR human breast cancer MCF-7/ADR cells...
June 16, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628942/increasing-burden-of-liver-cancer-despite-extensive-use-of-antiviral-agents-in-a-hepatitis-b-virus-endemic-population
#19
Jonggi Choi, Seungbong Han, Namkug Kim, Young-Suk Lim
Most mortalities from liver disease and liver cancer worldwide are attributable to hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus. Despite remarkable advances in the treatment of HBV over past decades, limited population-level data are available regarding its impact on burden of liver disease and liver cancer. Mortality data from liver disease and liver cancer were obtained from national death certificate database of Korea, a HBV-endemic country, between 1999 and 2013, and were analyzed by Joinpoint analysis...
June 19, 2017: Hepatology: Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626857/fetal-intracranial-hemorrhage-role-of-fetal-mri
#20
Laura Sanapo, Matthew T Whitehead, Dorothy I Bulas, Homa K Ahmadzia, Lindsay Pesacreta, Taeun Chang, Adre du Plessis
OBJECTIVE: To date, prenatal diagnosis of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is mainly based on ultrasound (US) findings rather than magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). We aimed to: investigate the role of MRI in the diagnosis of fetal ICH among pregnancies referred to fetal MRI and to characterize the topography of fetal ICH using MRI. METHODS: We retrospectively identified fetal ICH cases diagnosed by MRI from 2008-2015, and reviewed their prenatal and postnatal medical records...
June 19, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
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