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Th17 cyclophosphamide

Christian Pagnoux
Antineutrophil cytoplasm antibody (ANCA)-associated vasculitides are small-vessel vasculitides that include granulomatosis with polyangiitis (formerly Wegener's granulomatosis), microscopic polyangiitis, and eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss syndrome). Renal-limited ANCA-associated vasculitides can be considered the fourth entity. Despite their rarity and still unknown cause(s), research pertaining to ANCA-associated vasculitides has been very active over the past decades. The pathogenic role of antimyeloperoxidase ANCA (MPO-ANCA) has been supported using several animal models, but that of antiproteinase 3 ANCA (PR3-ANCA) has not been as strongly demonstrated...
September 2016: Eur J Rheumatol
Natali Pflug, Sandra Kluth, Jörg J Vehreschild, Jasmin Bahlo, Daniela Tacke, Lena Biehl, Barbara Eichhorst, Kirsten Fischer, Paula Cramer, Anna-Maria Fink, Michael von Bergwelt-Baildon, Stephan Stilgenbauer, Michael Hallek, Oliver A Cornely, Maria J G T Vehreschild
Reduced anticancer efficacy of cyclophosphamide and platinum salts has been reported in animals treated with anti-Gram-positive antibiotics. These effects were related to translocation of Gram-positive bacteria during mucositis with subsequent induction of cytotoxic oxygen reactive species and tumor invasion by pathogenic Th17 cells. To assess these hypotheses in a clinical setting, we identified patients receiving cyclophosphamide for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and cisplatin for relapsed lymphoma. Data originated from the CLL8 trial (NCT00281918) and the Cologne Cohort of Neutropenic Patients (NCT01821456)...
June 2016: Oncoimmunology
Xiao-Dan Han, Jian Zhou, Feng-Kuan Yu, Bai-Jun Fang, Yan-Li Zhang, Xu-Dong Wei, Yong-Ping Song
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency and safety of rituximab and dexamethasone combined with cyclophosphamide for treating patients with relapsed and refractory immune thrombocytopenia (ITP). METHODS: Twelve patients with relapsed and refractory immune thrombocytopenia were prospectively enrolled in this study, and received rituximab 375 mg/m(2) once a week for 4 weeks, dexamethasone 40 mg once a day for consecutive 4 days, and cyclophosphamide 500 mg/m(2) biweekly for 2 weeks...
February 2016: Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue za Zhi
Junhua Xie, Shaoping Nie, Qiang Yu, Junyi Yin, Tao Xiong, Deming Gong, Mingyong Xie
The balance of T helper cells 17 (Th17)/regulatory T cells (Treg) plays a key role in maintaining a normal immune response. It is well-known that cyclophosphamide (CTX) applied at high dose often damages the immune system by inhibiting immune cell proliferation. In this study, the immunomodulating effects of Lactobacillus plantarum NCU116 in CTX-induced immunosuppression mice were investigated. Results showed that the levels of cytokines interleukin (IL)-17 and IL-21 were significantly increased after 10 days of treatment with a high dose of NCU116 (46...
February 17, 2016: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Helen Gharwan, Yusuke Tomita, Min-Jung Lee, Anish Thomas, Arlene Berman, Giuseppe Giaccone, Jane Trepel, Arun Rajan
The most frequently described glomerulopathy in patients with thymoma is minimal change disease (MCD). The present study reports the case of a 63-year-old female with recurrent thymoma and poorly-controlled paraneoplastic MCD, who was enrolled on a phase I/II clinical trial (no. NCT01100944) and treated with the histone deacetylase inhibitor, belinostat, in combination with cisplatin, doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide. Treatment resulted in a complete radiological response, a dramatic reduction in proteinuria and changes in immune cell subset composition, consisting of a reduction in the number of T helper (Th)1, Th2, Th17 and regulatory T cells...
August 2015: Oncology Letters
Yoshihide Asano, Shinichi Sato
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a multisystem connective tissue disorder featured by vascular injury and fibrosis of the skin and various internal organs with autoimmune background. Although the pathogenesis of SSc still remains elusive, it is generally accepted that initial vascular injury due to autoimmunity and/or environmental factors causes structural and functional abnormalities of vasculature which eventually result in the constitutive activation of fibroblasts in various organs. Structural alterations consist of destructive vasculopathy (loss of small vessels) and proliferative obliterative vasculopathy (occlusion of arterioles and small arteries with fibro-proliferative change) caused by impaired compensatory vasculogenesis and angiogenesis...
September 2015: Seminars in Immunopathology
Ivana Nikolic, Tamara Saksida, Milica Vujicic, Ivana Stojanovic, Stanislava Stosic-Grujicic
We have recently shown that carbon monoxide releasing molecule (CORM)-A1 prevents type 1 diabetes induced in C57BL/6 mice with multiple low doses of streptozotocin (MLDS) by shifting the Th1/Th17/M1 balance towards a Th2/M2 response. In the present work we tested the hypothesis that CORM-A1 might influence regulatory arm of the immune response, as well as beta cell regeneration. CORM-A1 (2 mg/kg/day) was administered for 10 days to mice induced with MLDS and/or depleted of low dose cyclophosphamide (CY)-sensitive FoxP3+ T regulatory (Treg) cells...
May 2015: Immunology Letters
Sheng Liu, Xiao-Min Wang, Guo-Wang Yang
Fuzheng Fangai pill (FZFA), a traditional Chinese formula, is widely used for cancer treatment. Compared with other anticancer drugs, it is characterized by moderate and persistent efficacy with few side effects. The present paper emphasizes antitumor effect of FZFA combined with cyclophosphamide (CTX) on C57BL/6 mice subcutaneously injected with Lewis lung cancer cells, Comparing it with that of CTX. On the 21st day, a set of biochemical parameters were studied: the tumor weight and tumor volume, the inhibition rate of lung metastasis, the percentage and ratio of spleen CD4(+)IL-17(+) Th17 (T helper cell 17, Th17 for short) and CD4(+)CD25(+)Foxp3(+) Treg (T regulatory cell, Treg for short) cells, and the concentrations of IL-6, TGF- β , IL-17, IL-23, and IFN- γ in culture supernatants of CD4(+) T lymphocytes were determined...
2014: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Eric R Lutz, Annie A Wu, Elaine Bigelow, Rajni Sharma, Guanglan Mo, Kevin Soares, Sara Solt, Alvin Dorman, Anthony Wamwea, Allison Yager, Daniel Laheru, Christopher L Wolfgang, Jiang Wang, Ralph H Hruban, Robert A Anders, Elizabeth M Jaffee, Lei Zheng
Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is considered a "nonimmunogenic" neoplasm. Single-agent immunotherapies have failed to demonstrate significant clinical activity in PDAC and other "nonimmunogenic" tumors, in part due to a complex tumor microenvironment (TME) that provides a formidable barrier to immune infiltration and function. We designed a neoadjuvant and adjuvant clinical trial comparing an irradiated, granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF)-secreting, allogeneic PDAC vaccine (GVAX) given as a single agent or in combination with low-dose cyclophosphamide to deplete regulatory T cells (Treg) as a means to study how the TME is altered by immunotherapy...
July 2014: Cancer Immunology Research
Steffen Rausch, Stephan Kruck, Arnulf Stenzl, Jens Bedke
The promising option of immunotherapy for metastatic renal cell carcinoma has evolved from rather unspecific approaches to a specific activation of an anti-tumor T-cell response. The latest step is a synthetic peptide vaccine called IMA901, which demonstrated a clear association between a provoked T-cell response and a prolonged overall survival. The results of IMA901 for the treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma are discussed together with new approaches to immunotherapy, such as local and systemic immunomodulation with adjuvants, checkpoint inhibitors, classical chemotherapeutics, such as cyclophosphamide or tyrosine kinase inhibitors...
May 2014: Future Oncology
S Viaud, R Daillère, I G Boneca, P Lepage, P Langella, M Chamaillard, M J Pittet, F Ghiringhelli, G Trinchieri, R Goldszmid, L Zitvogel
The impact of gut microbiota in eliciting innate and adaptive immune responses beneficial for the host in the context of effective therapies against cancer has been highlighted recently. Chemotherapeutic agents, by compromising, to some extent, the intestinal integrity, increase the gut permeability and selective translocation of Gram-positive bacteria in secondary lymphoid organs. There, anticommensal pathogenic Th17 T-cell responses are primed, facilitating the accumulation of Th1 helper T cells in tumor beds after chemotherapy as well as tumor regression...
February 2015: Cell Death and Differentiation
L Zhao, H Ma, Z Jiang, Y Jiang, N Ma
T cell and T cell-related cytokine abnormalities are involved in the pathogenesis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Our previous study showed that the interleukin (IL)-22(+) CD4(+) T cells and IL-22 play an important role in the pathogenesis of SLE. In this study, we aimed to investigate the effects of glucocorticoids (GCs) and immunodepressant agents on IL-22 and IL-22-producing T cell subsets in SLE patients. The frequencies of peripheral blood T helper type 22 (Th22), IL-22(+) Th17, IL-22(+) Th1 and Th17 cells and the concentrations of serum IL-22, IL-17 and interferon (IFN)-γ in SLE patients receiving 4 weeks of treatment with cyclophosphamide (CYC), methylprednisolone and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) were characterized by flow cytometry analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)...
July 2014: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
Sophie Viaud, Fabiana Saccheri, Grégoire Mignot, Takahiro Yamazaki, Romain Daillère, Dalil Hannani, David P Enot, Christina Pfirschke, Camilla Engblom, Mikael J Pittet, Andreas Schlitzer, Florent Ginhoux, Lionel Apetoh, Elisabeth Chachaty, Paul-Louis Woerther, Gérard Eberl, Marion Bérard, Chantal Ecobichon, Dominique Clermont, Chantal Bizet, Valérie Gaboriau-Routhiau, Nadine Cerf-Bensussan, Paule Opolon, Nadia Yessaad, Eric Vivier, Bernhard Ryffel, Charles O Elson, Joël Doré, Guido Kroemer, Patricia Lepage, Ivo Gomperts Boneca, François Ghiringhelli, Laurence Zitvogel
Cyclophosphamide is one of several clinically important cancer drugs whose therapeutic efficacy is due in part to their ability to stimulate antitumor immune responses. Studying mouse models, we demonstrate that cyclophosphamide alters the composition of microbiota in the small intestine and induces the translocation of selected species of Gram-positive bacteria into secondary lymphoid organs. There, these bacteria stimulate the generation of a specific subset of "pathogenic" T helper 17 (pT(H)17) cells and memory T(H)1 immune responses...
November 22, 2013: Science
Xiaoyang Yu, Caihong Wang, Jing Luo, Xiangcong Zhao, Lixing Wang, Xiaofeng Li
Immune disorder is considered the main pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The balance of the two special subsets of CD4⁺T cells, T helper cell 17 (Th17), and Regulator T cell (Treg) is the key factor of maintaining a normal immune response. Dendritic cells (DCs), which are the most powerful antigen-presenting cells, play an important role in regulating the balance of Th17 and Treg. The combination of disease modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs) is an important strategy of RA therapy...
2013: Clinical & Developmental Immunology
Sheng Liu, Li-li He, Li-na Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the different molecular mechanisms between Chinese drugs for activating blood (CDAB) and Chinese drugs for nourishing qi and activating blood (CDNQAB) in the metastasis process of Lewis lung carcinoma, thus providing experimental reliance for Chinese drugs to reverse immune escape. METHODS: The inhibition rate of lung metastasis was observed in each group. The dynamic percentage and ratio changes of Th17 and Treg cells in spleen CD4+ T lymphocytes were detected using flow cytometry...
December 2012: Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine
Jian Ye, Yu-Ting Liao, You-Qiang Jian, Xiao-Dan Zhang, Pei Wei, Hui Qi, Chun-Yan Deng, Fu-Rong Li
Islet transplantation offers hope for patients with type 1 diabetes, which is an autoimmune disease. However, islet transplant recipients must overcome two obstacles in both allograft rejection and autoimmune reaction. Alpha-1-antitrypsin (a1-proteinase inhibitor, AAT) possesses anti-inflammatory properties, reduces cytokine-mediated islet damage, and induces specific immune tolerance. In this study, an insulinoma cell line, NIT-1, was transfected with human AAT (hAAT), named NIT-hAAT, and was transplanted to the left renal subcapsular spaces of 7-week-old female non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice (n=22)...
February 2013: Immunology Letters
A Vaglio, C Buzio, J Zwerina
Eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (Churg-Strauss, EGPA) is a systemic small-vessel vasculitis associated with asthma and eosinophilia. Histology of EGPA shows tissue eosinophilia, necrotizing vasculitis, and eosinophil-rich granulomatous inflammation. EGPA commonly presents with upper airway tract and lung involvement, peripheral neuropathy, cardiac and skin lesions. Antineutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies (ANCA) are positive in ~40% of the cases and more often in patients with clinical manifestations due to small-vessel vasculitis...
March 2013: Allergy
Julie Joseph, Stefan Bittner, Fabian M P Kaiser, Heinz Wiendl, Stephan Kissler
The long-held view that many autoimmune disorders are primarily driven by a Th1 response has been challenged by the discovery of Th17 cells. Since the identification of this distinct T cell subset, Th17 cells have been implicated in the pathogenesis of several autoimmune diseases, including multiple sclerosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Type 1 diabetes has also long been considered a Th1-dependent disease. In light of the emerging role for Th17 cells in autoimmunity, several recent studies investigated the potential of this subset to initiate autoimmune diabetes...
January 1, 2012: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
Hannah Goyne, Pamela J B Stone, Martin J Cannon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2011: Immunotherapy
Iwona Hus, Jacek Rolinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2011: Immunotherapy
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