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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336255/homelessness-following-disability-related-discharges-from-active-duty-military-service-in-afghanistan-and-iraq
#1
Jamison D Fargo, Emily Brignone, Stephen Metraux, Rachel Peterson, Marjorie E Carter, Tyson Barrett, Miland Palmer, Andrew Redd, Matthew H Samore, Adi V Gundlapalli
BACKGROUND: Many dynamics in the relationship among military service-related disabilities, health care benefits, mental health disorders, and post-deployment homelessness among US Veterans are not well understood. OBJECTIVES: Determine whether Veterans with a disability-related discharge from military service are at higher risk for homelessness, whether Veterans Health Administration (VHA) service-connected disability benefits mitigates that risk, and whether risks associated with discharge type, service-connected disability, or the interaction between them vary as a function of mental health disorders...
March 10, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335616/predictors-of-cd4-health-and-viral-suppression-outcomes-for-formerly-homeless-people-living-with-hiv-aids-in-scattered-site-supportive-housing
#2
Elizabeth A Bowen, James Canfield, Suzanne Moore, Midge Hines, Brent Hartke, Chrissy Rademacher
Stable housing is key to improving health outcomes for people living with HIV/AIDS. Though many formerly homeless HIV positive individuals reside in supportive housing, little research has examined biometric HIV health outcomes for residents of these programs. Through a community-based research partnership, this study analyzed secondary data from a Shelter Plus Care supportive housing program in Cincinnati, Ohio to examine the likelihood of participants achieving a healthy CD4 count (>500 cells/mm(3)) and viral suppression (viral load <200 copies/mL) while in supportive housing and to identify participant characteristics associated with these outcomes...
March 23, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335013/lifetime-and-1-year-prevalence-of-homelessness-in-the-us-population-results-from-the-national-epidemiologic-survey-on-alcohol-and-related-conditions-iii
#3
Jack Tsai
Background: Homelessness remains a major public health problem in the USA but there have been few recent epidemiological studies in the general population. Methods: Using data from structured interviews with a nationally representative sample of 36 299 US adults from the 2012-13 Wave 3 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions (NESARC-III), this study examined the lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness, and its correlates. Results: Lifetime and 1-year prevalence of homelessness in the US population was found to be 4...
March 18, 2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323579/who-experiences-seclusion-an-examination-of-demographics-and-duration-in-a-public-acute-inpatient-mental-health-service
#4
Jacinta Chavulak, Melissa Petrakis
Restrictive interventions such as seclusion may occur during an acute mental health crisis. Such interventions are experienced by people as traumatic and counter to recovery. The current study aimed to investigate the use of seclusion and who was secluded amongst patients presenting with psychotic symptomology. All acute inpatient admissions were examined across a 12-month period January-December 2013. Electronic and paper records were accessed and audited for all 655 admissions. There were 91 admissions that included a seclusion and 200 seclusion events...
March 21, 2017: Social Work in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322658/on-the-frontlines
#5
Benissa E Salem, Jordan Kwon, Masha Ames
Homeless service providers (HSPs) are on the frontlines of caring for the most vulnerable populations to help them navigate out of homelessness and access health and social services. The purpose of this qualitative study was to understand, from the perspectives of HSPs ( N = 19; age range, 27-58 years; SD = 10.37), their account and experiences in working with homeless women (HW), and opportunities for intervention development and integration. Five focus groups were conducted with HSPs in Central City East, Los Angeles...
January 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320406/the-acceptability-and-feasibility-of-a-brief-psychosocial-intervention-to-reduce-blood-borne-virus-risk-behaviours-among-people-who-inject-drugs-a-randomised-control-feasibility-trial-of-a-psychosocial-intervention-the-protect-study-versus-treatment-as-usual
#6
Gail Gilchrist, Davina Swan, April Shaw, Ada Keding, Sarah Towers, Noel Craine, Alison Munro, Elizabeth Hughes, Steve Parrott, John Strang, Avril Taylor, Judith Watson
BACKGROUND: While opiate substitution therapy and injecting equipment provision (IEP) have reduced blood-borne viruses (BBV) among people who inject drugs (PWID), some PWID continue to share injecting equipment and acquire BBV. Psychosocial interventions that address risk behaviours could reduce BBV transmission among PWID. METHODS: A pragmatic, two-armed randomised controlled, open feasibility study of PWID attending drug treatment or IEP in four UK regions. Ninety-nine PWID were randomly allocated to receive a three-session manualised psychosocial group intervention and BBV transmission information booklet plus treatment as usual (TAU) (n = 52) or information booklet plus TAU (n = 47)...
March 21, 2017: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28320253/exploring-the-lived-experience-of-homelessness-from-an-occupational-perspective
#7
Miranda Jane Cunningham, Anita Slade
Working in homelessness is a growing area of practice for occupational therapists, however, there is limited literature on the lived experiences of homelessness and occupational engagement Study aim: To explore the lived experience of homeless men in relation to how they engaged in day-to-day occupations when sleeping rough or hostel dwelling Methods: Data were gathered from five men residing in a homeless hostel in the UK. Data collection included semi-structured interviews and photographic diaries. Data were analyzed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis Results: Participants described their experiences of occupational engagement whilst sleeping on the streets which included engaging in survival occupations, the significance of apparently ordinary occupations and moving beyond survival occupations...
March 21, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28315760/medication-adherence-outcomes-of-771-intervention-trials-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
REVIEW
Vicki S Conn, Todd M Ruppar
Excellent medication adherence contributes to decreases in morbidity, mortality, and health care costs. Although researchers have tested many interventions to increase adherence, results are sometimes conflicting and often unclear. This systematic review applied meta-analytic procedures to integrate primary research that tested medication adherence interventions. Comprehensive searching completed in 2015 located 771 published and unpublished intervention studies with adherence behavior outcomes. Random-effects model analysis calculated standardized mean difference effect sizes...
March 15, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303578/compulsory-community-and-involuntary-outpatient-treatment-for-people-with-severe-mental-disorders
#9
REVIEW
Steve R Kisely, Leslie A Campbell, Richard O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: It is controversial whether compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI) reduces health service use, or improves clinical outcome and social functioning. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of compulsory community treatment (CCT) for people with severe mental illness (SMI). SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group's Study-Based Register of Trials (2003, 2008, 2012, 8 November 2013, 3 June 2016)...
March 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28302879/student-cake-off-benefits-homeless-and-pet-charity
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 18, 2017: Veterinary Record
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301175/identifying-variability-in-permanent-supportive-housing-a-comparative-effectiveness-approach-to-measuring-health-outcomes
#11
Julia Dickson-Gomez, Katherine Quinn, Arturo Bendixen, Amy Johnson, Kelly Nowicki, Thant Ko Ko, Carol Galletly
Supportive housing has become the dominant model in the United States to provide housing to the chronically homeless and to improve their housing stability and health. Most supportive housing programs follow a "housing first" paradigm modeled after the Pathways to Housing program in New York City. However, components of housing first supportive housing models were poorly defined, and supportive models have varied considerably in their dissemination and implementation to other parts of the country. Recently, research has been conducted to determine the fidelity by which specific housing programs adhere to the Pathways Housing First model...
March 16, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300995/health-care-of-people-in-homelessness-a-comparative-study-of-mobile-units-in-portugal-united-states-and-brazil
#12
Igor da Costa Borysow, Eleonor Minho Conill, Juarez Pereira Furtado
This paper describes and analyzes the legal and normative framework guiding the use of mobile units in Portugal, United States and Brazil, which seek to improve access and continuity of care for people in homelessness. We used a comparative analysis through literature and documentary review relating three categories: context (demographic, socio-economic and epidemiological), services system (access, coverage, organization, management and financing) and, specifically, mobile units (design, care and financing model)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28295354/describing-trajectories-of-homeless-service-use-in-hawai-i-using-latent-class-growth-analysis
#13
Kristen Gleason, John P Barile, Charlene K Baker
The State of Hawai'i, like many other areas across the United States, has large numbers of individuals and families experiencing homelessness, many of whom seek support through statewide shelters and services. This study explored the diversity of ways in which individuals and families moved through Hawai'i's homeless service system. Using administrative data, a cohort of new service users was tracked across time to trace the developmental trajectories of their homeless service use. The sample consisted of adults who had entered the service system for the first time in the fiscal year (FY) of 2010 (N = 4655)...
March 13, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291722/effectiveness-of-interventions-for-diagnosis-and-treatment-of-tuberculosis-in-hard-to-reach-populations-in-countries-of-low-and-medium-tuberculosis-incidence-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
Charlotte C Heuvelings, Sophia G de Vries, Patrick F Greve, Benjamin J Visser, Sabine Bélard, Saskia Janssen, Anne L Cremers, René Spijker, Beth Shaw, Ruaraidh A Hill, Alimuddin Zumla, Andreas Sandgren, Marieke J van der Werf, Martin P Grobusch
Tuberculosis is over-represented in hard-to-reach (underserved) populations in high-income countries of low tuberculosis incidence. The mainstay of tuberculosis care is early detection of active tuberculosis (case finding), contact tracing, and treatment completion. We did a systematic review with a scoping component of relevant studies published between 1990 and 2015 to update and extend previous National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) reviews on the effectiveness of interventions for identifying and managing tuberculosis in hard-to-reach populations...
March 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291721/barriers-and-facilitators-to-the-uptake-of-tuberculosis-diagnostic-and-treatment-services-by-hard-to-reach-populations-in-countries-of-low-and-medium-tuberculosis-incidence-a-systematic-review-of-qualitative-literature
#15
REVIEW
Sophia G de Vries, Anne L Cremers, Charlotte C Heuvelings, Patrick F Greve, Benjamin J Visser, Sabine Bélard, Saskia Janssen, René Spijker, Beth Shaw, Ruaraidh A Hill, Alimuddin Zumla, Marieke J van der Werf, Andreas Sandgren, Martin P Grobusch
Tuberculosis disproportionately affects hard-to-reach populations, such as homeless people, migrants, refugees, prisoners, or drug users. These people often face challenges in accessing quality health care. We did a systematic review of the qualitative literature to identify barriers and facilitators to the uptake of tuberculosis diagnostic and treatment services by people from hard-to-reach populations in all European Union (EU), European Economic Area, EU candidate, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development countries...
March 10, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288307/non-suicidal-self-injury-in-mexican-young-adults-prevalence-associations-with-suicidal-behavior-and-psychiatric-disorders-and-dsm-5-proposed-diagnostic-criteria
#16
Corina Benjet, Irene González-Herrera, Everardo Castro-Silva, Enrique Méndez, Guilherme Borges, Leticia Casanova, Maria Elena Medina-Mora
BACKGROUND: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) may lead to scarring, infection, accidental death and psychological distress. Little is known about NSSI in the general population of young adults in developing countries like Mexico. The current study examined the prevalence of any NSSI and each type of NSSI, the prevalence of meeting DSM-5 proposed criteria, and finally the association of NSSI with socio-demographic variables, suicidal behavior and psychiatric disorders. METHODS: This study was conducted in a community sample of 1071 young adults between 19 and 26 years of age residents of Mexico City...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287771/outreach-to-veterans-with-serious-mental-illness-who-are-lost-to-care-predictors-of-outreach-contact
#17
Cynthia Z Burton, Kristen M Abraham, Chelsea M Grindle, Stephanie Visnic, Samantha M Hack, John F McCarthy, Nicholas W Bowersox
This evaluation identified factors associated with outreach contact to veterans with serious mental illness (SMI) who were lost to Veterans Health Administration (VHA) care. From March 2012 through September 2013, the VHA SMI Re-Engage initiative identified 4,241 veterans for reengagement outreach; 31% of whom were successfully contacted. Higher odds of contact was associated with older age, married status, no history of homelessness, bipolar disorder diagnosis, having no recent inpatient stay, living closer to a VHA medical center, fewer years since last visit, and having a service-connected disability...
March 13, 2017: Psychological Services
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287368/toward-a-successful-vocational-rehabilitation-in-adults-with-disabilities-does-residential-arrangement-matter
#18
F L Fredrik G Langi, Ashmeet Oberoi, Fabricio E Balcazar
The objective of this study was to assess whether successful vocational rehabilitation (that is, obtaining employment) among people with disabilities was affected by residential arrangement. Five groups of residential placement were considered: individuals living in a private residence, community or group residential, correctional and rehabilitation facilities, nursing home/mental health facilities, and homeless/shelter/other type of residential arrangement. The study involved a total of 46,570 vocational rehabilitation consumers aged 18 to 65 at referral in a Midwestern state...
April 2017: Journal of Prevention & Intervention in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279207/using-getting-to-outcomes-to-facilitate-the-use-of-an-evidence-based-practice-in-va-homeless-programs-a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-an-implementation-support-strategy
#19
Matthew Chinman, Sharon McCarthy, Gordon Hannah, Thomas Hugh Byrne, David A Smelson
BACKGROUND: Incorporating evidence-based integrated treatment for dual disorders into typical care settings has been challenging, especially among those serving Veterans who are homeless. This paper presents an evaluation of an effort to incorporate an evidence-based, dual disorder treatment called Maintaining Independence and Sobriety Through Systems Integration, Outreach, and Networking-Veterans Edition (MISSION-Vet) into case management teams serving Veterans who are homeless, using an implementation strategy called Getting To Outcomes (GTO)...
March 9, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28278012/reproductive-health-rights-and-survival-the-voices-of-mothers-experiencing-homelessness
#20
Courtney Cronley, Kris Hohn, Shamsun Nahar
Women experiencing homelessness report higher rates of reproductive health-related traumas, including unplanned pregnancy, miscarriage, and abortion than their non-homeless peers. Using phenomenological hermeneutic methods, we sought to understand the reproductive health histories of women currently experiencing homelessness (N = 20, 25-61 years old, Mage = 38.33, SDage = 9.33) analyzing data collected between June 2014 and July 2015 in north central Texas. Three key themes highlight the essence of the women's experiences: (1) unexpected pregnancy-pregnancy just happened, (2) loss of reproductive health rights-I was broken, and (3) resilience-giving back and looking forward to good things...
February 16, 2017: Women & Health
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