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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829925/aya-myeloma-real-world-single-center-experience-over-last-5-years
#1
Uday Yanamandra, Neha Saini, Pooja Chauhan, Tanya Sharma, Alka Khadwal, Gaurav Prakash, Neelam Varma, Deepesh Lad, Subhash Varma, Pankaj Malhotra
INTRODUCTION: Multiple myeloma (MM) is considered as a disease of the old with the reported median age of 60-70 years. The disease occurred a decade earlier in the Indian subcontinent. The literature on MM in adolescents and young adult (AYA) is limited. We studied the disease characteristics and outcomes of the AYA-MM in the real-world setting. PATIENTS AND METHODS: It is a retrospective single-center study conducted at a tertiary care center from North India. Records of all consecutive patients with AYA-MM (15-39 years of age) who were managed from January 1, 2010, to December 30, 2015, were reviewed...
August 22, 2017: Journal of Adolescent and Young Adult Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828710/cisplatin-induced-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells-oxidative-stress-and-nephrotoxicity-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-the-influence-of-hydrogen-peroxide
#2
Júlia C F Quintanilha, Marília B Visacri, Vanessa M Sousa, Larissa B Bastos, Camila O Vaz, João P O Guarnieri, Laís S Amaral, Carina Malaguti, Carmen S P Lima, Anibal E Vercesi, Patricia Moriel
Cisplatin is a widely used antineoplastic agent in the treatment of head and neck cancer. However, it is highly nephrotoxic. Oxidative stress is the main mechanism responsible for cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity. The aim of this study was to characterize cisplatin-induced nephrotoxicity, oxidative stress in peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and the relationship between them. Twenty-four patients were included in the study. Patients had their blood collected prior to cisplatin administration, and 5 and 20 days after initiating therapy, to assess renal function and to determine oxidative stress with MitoSOX™Red, H2DCF-DA, and Amplex(®) Red tests...
August 21, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828692/systemic-inflammation-response-index-siri-cancer-stem-cells-and-survival-of-localised-gastric-adenocarcinoma-after-curative-resection
#3
Sen Li, Xiuwen Lan, Hongyu Gao, Zhiguo Li, Li Chen, Wenpeng Wang, Shubin Song, Yimin Wang, Chunfeng Li, Hongfeng Zhang, Yingwei Xue
PURPOSE: Systemic Inflammation Response Index (SIRI), based on peripheral neutrophil, monocyte, and lymphocyte counts, was recently developed and used as a marker to predict the survival of patients with malignant tumours. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) can contribute to gastric cancer progression and recurrence. It is not clear whether SIRI is associated with CSCs during gastric cancer development. METHODS: The SIRI was developed in a training cohort of 455 gastric cancer patients undergoing curative resection between 2007 and 2009, and validated in a validation cohort of 327 patients from 2010 to 2011...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828639/therapeutic-decision-making-in-elderly-patients-with-acute-myeloid-leukemia-conventional-intensive-chemotherapy-versus-hypomethylating-agent-therapy
#4
Sang-Bo Oh, Sung-Woo Park, Joo-Seop Chung, Won-Sik Lee, Ho-Seop Lee, Su-Hee Cho, Yoon-Suk Choi, Sung-Nam Lim, Ho-Jin Shin
Standards of care for elderly acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients unfit for intensive chemotherapy remain undefined. We aimed to compare outcomes of hypomethylating agent (HMA) therapy and intensive chemotherapy (IC) in elderly AML patients and identify the subgroup of patients who are eligible for HMA therapy. We reviewed data on the outcomes of 86 AML patients aged ≥ 65 years, who had undergone treatment between 2010 and 2015. These treatments included IC (25 patients, 29.1%) or therapy using HMA including azacitidine or decitabine (61 patients, 70...
August 21, 2017: Annals of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828613/glutamate-transport-system-as-a-novel-therapeutic-target-in-chronic-pain-molecular-mechanisms-and-pharmacology
#5
Georgi Gegelashvili, Ole Jannik Bjerrum
The vast majority of peripheral neurons sensing noxious stimuli and conducting pain signals to the dorsal horn of the spinal cord utilize glutamate as a chemical transmitter of excitation. High-affinity glutamate transporter subtypes GLAST/EAAT1, GLT1/EAAT2, EAAC1/EAAT3, and EAAT4, differentially expressed on sensory neurons, postsynaptic spinal interneurons, and neighboring glia, ensure fine modulation of glutamate neurotransmission in the spinal cord. The glutamate transport system seems to play important roles in molecular mechanisms underlying chronic pain and analgesia...
2017: Advances in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828107/nontraumatic-adrenal-hemorrhage-the-adrenal-stress
#6
Marco Di Serafino, Rosa Severino, Valeria Coppola, Matilde Gioioso, Rosario Rocca, Francesco Lisanti, Enrico Scarano
Bilateral adrenal hemorrhage is a rare condition, which is burdened by potentially life-threatening consequences related to the development of acute adrenal insufficiency. Despite treatment with stress-dose glucocorticoids, a mortality rate of 15% has been reported, which varies according to the severity of underlying predisposing illness and could be much more higher if the adrenal insufficiency is not promptly recognized. An early diagnosis is crucial, though, because of nonspecific clinical and laboratory findings, adrenal hemorrhage is rarely suspected...
September 2017: Radiology case reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827979/trigeminal-neuralgia-glossopharyngeal-neuralgia-and-myofascial-pain-dysfunction-syndrome-an-update
#7
REVIEW
Mohammad Khan, Shamima Easmin Nishi, Siti Nazihahasma Hassan, Md Asiful Islam, Siew Hua Gan
Neuropathic pain is a common phenomenon that affects millions of people worldwide. Maxillofacial structures consist of various tissues that receive frequent stimulation during food digestion. The unique functions (masticatory process and facial expression) of the maxillofacial structure require the exquisite organization of both the peripheral and central nervous systems. Neuralgia is painful paroxysmal disorder of the head-neck region characterized by some commonly shared features such as the unilateral pain, transience and recurrence of attacks, and superficial and shock-like pain at a trigger point...
2017: Pain Research & Management: the Journal of the Canadian Pain Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827946/topical-menthol-for-treatment-of-chemotherapy-induced-peripheral-neuropathy
#8
Alessio Cortellini, Lucilla Verna, Katia Cannita, Luca Napoleoni, Alessandro Parisi, Corrado Ficorella, Giampiero Porzio
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy is a frequent treatment-limiting factor that significantly impairs patients' everyday life, also because of a lack of valid palliative options. Here, we report a case of a male patient with a history of metastatic colon cancer and previous chemotherapies. He came to our attention with a peripheral neuropathy that impaired his quality of life and could limit the further line of chemotherapy. We treated the neuropathy with menthol aqueous cream with benefit.
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827807/a-prospective-cohort-study-of-the-effectiveness-of-the-primary-hospital-management-of-all-snakebites-in-kurunegala-district-of-sri-lanka
#9
Seyed Shahmy, Senanayake A M Kularatne, Shantha S Rathnayake, Andrew H Dawson
INTRODUCTION: Sri Lanka records substantial numbers of snakebite annually. Primary rural hospitals are important contributors to health care. Health care planning requires a more detailed understanding of snakebite within this part of the health system. This study reports the management and epidemiology of all hospitalised snakebite in the Kurunegala district in Sri Lanka. METHODOLOGY: The district has 44 peripheral/primary hospitals and a tertiary care hospital-Teaching Hospital, Kurunegala (THK)...
August 21, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827771/combinatory-repair-strategy-to-promote-axon-regeneration-and-functional-recovery-after-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Marc A DePaul, Ching-Yi Lin, Jerry Silver, Yu-Shang Lee
Eight weeks post contusive spinal cord injury, we built a peripheral nerve graft bridge (PNG) through the cystic cavity and treated the graft/host interface with acidic fibroblast growth factor (aFGF) and chondroitinase ABC (ChABC). This combinatorial strategy remarkably enhanced integration between host astrocytes and graft Schwann cells, allowing for robust growth, especially of catecholaminergic axons, through the graft and back into the distal spinal cord. In the absence of aFGF+ChABC fewer catecholaminergic axons entered the graft, no axons exited, and Schwann cells and astrocytes failed to integrate...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827704/transcriptional-dysregulation-of-interferome-in-experimental-and-human-multiple-sclerosis
#11
Sundararajan Srinivasan, Martina Severa, Fabiana Rizzo, Ramesh Menon, Elena Brini, Rosella Mechelli, Vittorio Martinelli, Paul Hertzog, Marco Salvetti, Roberto Furlan, Gianvito Martino, Giancarlo Comi, Eliana Coccia, Cinthia Farina
Recent evidence indicates that single multiple sclerosis (MS) susceptibility genes involved in interferon (IFN) signaling display altered transcript levels in peripheral blood of untreated MS subjects, suggesting that responsiveness to endogenous IFN is dysregulated during neuroinflammation. To prove this hypothesis we exploited the systematic collection of IFN regulated genes (IRG) provided by the Interferome database and mapped Interferome changes in experimental and human MS. Indeed, central nervous system tissue and encephalitogenic CD4 T cells during experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis were characterized by massive changes in Interferome transcription...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827658/a-canine-chimeric-monoclonal-antibody-targeting-pd-l1-and-its-clinical-efficacy-in-canine-oral-malignant-melanoma-or-undifferentiated-sarcoma
#12
Naoya Maekawa, Satoru Konnai, Satoshi Takagi, Yumiko Kagawa, Tomohiro Okagawa, Asami Nishimori, Ryoyo Ikebuchi, Yusuke Izumi, Tatsuya Deguchi, Chie Nakajima, Yukinari Kato, Keiichi Yamamoto, Hidetoshi Uemura, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Shiro Murata, Kazuhiko Ohashi
Immunotherapy targeting immune checkpoint molecules, programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) and PD-ligand 1 (PD-L1), using therapeutic antibodies has been widely used for some human malignancies in the last 5 years. A costimulatory receptor, PD-1, is expressed on T cells and suppresses effector functions when it binds to its ligand, PD-L1. Aberrant PD-L1 expression is reported in various human cancers and is considered an immune escape mechanism. Antibodies blocking the PD-1/PD-L1 axis induce antitumour responses in patients with malignant melanoma and other cancers...
August 21, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827286/anti-cancer-drug-hmba-acts-as-an-adjuvant-during-intracellular-bacterial-infections-by-inducing-type-i-ifn-through-sting
#13
Akshamal Mihiranga Gamage, Kok-Onn Lee, Yunn-Hwen Gan
The anti-proliferative agent hexamethylene bisacetamide (HMBA) belongs to a class of hybrid bipolar compounds developed more than 30 y ago for their ability to induce terminal differentiation of transformed cells. Recently, HMBA has also been shown to trigger HIV transcription from latently infected cells, via a CDK9/HMBA inducible protein-1 dependent process. However, the effect of HMBA on the immune response has not been explored. We observed that pretreatment of human peripheral blood mononuclear cells with HMBA led to a markedly increased production of IL-12 and IFN-γ, but not of TNF-α, IL-6, and IL-8 upon subsequent infection with Burkholderia pseudomallei and Salmonella enterica HMBA treatment was also associated with better intracellular bacterial control...
August 21, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827201/peptide-modified-mesenchymal-stem-cells-as-targeting-delivery-system-transfected-with-mir-133b-for-the-treatment-of-cerebral-ischemia
#14
Bing Huang, Xin-Chi Jiang, Tian-Yuan Zhang, Yu-Lan Hu, Yasuhiko Tabata, Zhong Chen, Stefano Pluchino, Jian-Qing Gao
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been regarded as potential targeting vehicles and demonstrated to exert therapeutic benefits for brain diseases. Direct homing to diseased tissue is crucial for stem cell-based therapy. In this study, a peptide-based targeting approach was established to enhance cell homing to cerebral ischemic lesion. Palmitic acid-peptide painted onto the cell membrane was able to direct MSCs to ischemic tissues without any observed cell cytotoxicity and influence on differentiation, thus reducing accumulation of cells in peripheral organs and increasing engraftment of cells in the targeted tissues...
August 18, 2017: International Journal of Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827078/p2y12-shrna-treatment-relieved-hiv-gp120-induced-neuropathic-pain-in-rats
#15
Liran Shi, Bing Wu, Zhihua Yi, Shanhong Zhao, Lifang Zou, Lin Li, Huilong Yuan, Tianyu Jia, Shuangmei Liu, Hui Liu, Yun Gao, Guilin Li, Hong Xu, Chunping Zhang, Shangdong Liang
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) envelope glycoprotein (glycoprotein 120, gp120) can induce chronic neuropathic pain by directly stimulating primary sensory afferent neurons. Activation of satellite glial cells (SGCs) in dorsal root ganglia (DRG) plays an important role in the transmission of neuropathic pain. The P2Y12 receptor is expressed in SGCs of DRG. In this study, we investigated the role of the P2Y12 receptor in HIV gp120-induced neuropathic pain. The results showed that peripheral nerve exposure to HIV gp120 increased mechanical and thermal hyperalgesia in gp120-treated model rats...
August 18, 2017: Neurochemistry International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826891/traditional-uses-phytochemistry-pharmacology-and-toxicology-of-the-genus-cimicifuga-a-review
#16
REVIEW
Yaqing Guo, Tong Yin, Xiaoming Wang, Fan Zhang, Guixiang Pan, Hong Lv, Xianrui Wang, John Owoicho Orgah, Yan Zhu, Honghua Wu
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Plants of the genus Cimicifuga have long been used as an ethnomedicine in China, Europe, and North America for its high medicinal value and health benefits. Their dried rhizomes are widely used for treating wind-heat headache, toothache, aphtha, sore throat, measles, spot poison, archoptosis, and uterine prolapse. In addition, it is used as a dietary supplement for preventing women menopausal symptoms and osteoporosis. AIM OF THE REVIEW: This paper aims to provide up-to-date information on the genus Cimicifuga, including botanical characterization, medicinal resources, traditional medicinal uses, phytochemistry, quality control, pharmacological research as well as the toxicology...
August 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826771/astragalus-polysaccharides-enhance-the-immune-response-to-avian-infectious-bronchitis-virus-vaccination-in-chickens
#17
Pengju Zhang, Jun Wang, Weixia Wang, Xiaohui Liu, Haiyan Liu, Xintao Li, Xinghong Wu
Astragalus polysaccharides (APS) are biological macromolecules extracted from Astragalus species that have strong immunoregulatory properties. In this study, APS were employed as an adjuvant for an avian infectious bronchitis virus (IBV) vaccine, and its effects on the cellular immune and humoral immune responses to vaccination in chicken were investigated. One hundred and fifty chicken were randomly divided into five groups (n = 30, each group). The chickens in all groups, except for the unvaccinated control group, were vaccinated with an IBV DNA vaccine...
August 18, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826727/randomized-comparison-of-femoropopliteal-artery-drug-eluting-balloons-and-drug-eluting-stents-forest-trial-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Hidde Jongsma, Patricia van Mierlo-van den Broek, Farshad Imani, Daniel van den Heuvel, Jean-Paul P M de Vries, Bram Fioole
The optimal endovascular treatment for femoropopliteal arterial occlusive disease has yet to be assessed. Patency rates after uncoated balloon angioplasty are disappointing. Although stents have better outcomes, they also have limitations. Intra-arterial stenting may lead to stent thrombosis and flow pattern disruption, which may result in stent fracture or in-stent restenosis. In the past decade, drug-eluting balloons (DEBs) and drug-eluting stents (DESs) have been introduced, and both have been proven to possess antirestenotic features compared with conventional techniques...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826541/is-the-cannabinoid-cb2-receptor-a-major-regulator-of-the-neuroinflammatory-axis-of-the-neurovascular-unit-in-humans
#19
Dan T Kho, Michelle Glass, Euan S Graham
The central nervous system (CNS) is an immune privileged site where the neurovascular unit (NVU) and the blood-brain barrier (BBB) act as a selectively permeable interface to control the passage of nutrients and inflammatory cells into the brain parenchyma. However, in response to injury, infection, or disease, CNS cells become activated, and release inflammatory mediators to recruit immune cells to the site of inflammation. Increasing evidence suggests that cannabinoids may have a neuroprotective role in CNS inflammatory conditions...
2017: Advances in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823033/the-combination-of-mitomycin-induced-blood-cells-with-a-temporary-treatment-of-ciclosporin-a-prolongs-allograft-survival-in-vascularized-composite-allotransplantation
#20
Christian Andreas Radu, Sebastian Fischer, Yannick Diehm, Otto Hetzel, Florian Neubrech, Laura Dittmar, Christian Kleist, Martha Maria Gebhard, Peter Terness, Ulrich Kneser, Jurij Kiefer
BACKGROUND: Vascularized composite allotransplantation (VCA) is a rapidly expanding field of transplantation and provides a potential treatment for complex tissue defects. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) shortly incubated with the antibiotic and chemotherapeutic agent mitomycin C (MMC) can suppress allogeneic T cell response and control allograft rejection in various organ transplantation models. MMC-incubated PBMCs (MICs) are currently being tested in a phase I clinical trial in kidney transplant patients...
August 19, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
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