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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224442/report-of-the-primary-outcomes-for-gait-mechanics-in-men-of-the-acl-sports-trial-secondary-prevention-with-and-without-perturbation-training-does-not-restore-gait-symmetry-in-men-1-or-2-years-after-acl-reconstruction
#1
Jacob John Capin, Ryan Zarzycki, Amelia Arundale, Kathleen Cummer, Lynn Snyder-Mackler
BACKGROUND: Movement asymmetries during walking are common after anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury and reconstruction and may influence the early development of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Preoperative neuromuscular training (like perturbation training, which is neuromuscular training requiring selective muscle activation in response to surface perturbations) improves gait asymmetries and functional outcomes among people who are ACL-deficient, but the effect of postoperative perturbation training on gait mechanics after ACL reconstruction is unknown...
February 21, 2017: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058731/improved-intercostal-hifu-ablation-using-a-phased-array-transducer-based-on-fermat-s-spiral-and-voronoi-tessellation-a-numerical-evaluation
#2
Pascal Ramaekers, Mario Ries, Chrit T W Moonen, Martijn de Greef
PURPOSE: A major complication for abdominal High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU) applications is the obstruction of the acoustic beam path by the thoracic cage, which absorbs and reflects the ultrasonic energy leading to undesired overheating of healthy tissues in the pre-focal area. Prior work has investigated the determination of optimized transducer apodization laws, which allow for a reduced rib exposure whilst (partially) restoring focal point intensity through power compensation...
January 6, 2017: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025026/hyperdynamic-right-heart-function-in-graves-hyperthyroidism-measured-by-echocardiography-normalises-on-restoration-of-euthyroidism
#3
Stephanie L Teasdale, Warrick J Inder, Michael Stowasser, Tony Stanton
BACKGROUND: Graves' hyperthyroidism commonly causes tachycardia and may result in pulmonary hypertension and high output cardiac failure. There is limited information regarding the effect of treatment on cardiac function measured using modern echocardiographic techniques. METHODS: Eight individuals with Graves' hyperthyroidism, aged 22-64 years, underwent comprehensive transthoracic echocardiography at three time points: before treatment, two weeks after commencement of carbimazole, and at six months or more when euthyroid...
November 19, 2016: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978909/-certain-experiences-in-sequential-treatment-of-occlusal-reconstruction
#4
H Y Deng, Z T Zhang
Occlusal reconstruction is a complex sequential treatment. The treatment may involve changes in occlusal vertical dimension and the full dental arch occlusal surface reconstruction. In this paper, we discussed the most concerned aspects of prosthodontists during the occlusal reconstruction sequential treatment, how to determine the suitable occlusal vertical dimension, rebuilding of occlusal plane, and consideratiom of temporomandibular joint disorders during reconstruction treatment. The prosthodontists should adopt the multidisciplinary collaboration mode of thinking in analysis, design, treatment, and restoration processes, regarding patients' individual characteristic through the occlusal reconstruction sequential treatment, and to reach healthy, functional, aesthetic outcome eventually...
December 9, 2016: Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847078/successful-treatment-of-esophageal-necrosis-secondary-to-acute-type-b-aortic-dissection
#5
Kyla D Joubert, Richard D Betzold, Matthew A Steliga
Esophageal necrosis after descending aortic dissection has been described but with no reports of successful treatment. A 66-year-old man with aortic dissection extending from the left subclavian artery through the common iliac arteries subsequently experienced esophageal necrosis. He underwent thoracic esophagectomy, cervical end esophagostomy, and open gastrostomy tube placement. Gastrointestinal continuity was established with a gastric tube conduit in the substernal plane. An oral diet was tolerated after reconstruction...
December 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826089/ulf-fernstr%C3%A3-m-1915-1985-and-his-contributions-to-the-development-of-artificial-disc-replacements
#6
REVIEW
Christian Fisahn, Brittni Burgess, Joe Iwanaga, Jens R Chapman, Rod J Oskouian, R Shane Tubbs
INTRODUCTION: Artificial disc replacements, which serve the function of separating vertebrae to allow for proper spinal alignment, can help treat debilitating low back pain in patients who have failed other conservative methods of treatment. A Swedish surgeon, Ulf Fernström, was the pioneer of artificial disc replacement, and his contribution in the form of Fernström balls dramatically altered spinal surgery and technique by showing the proper technique and implant that should be used for areas requiring motion in many planes...
February 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801408/-the-regulation-of-balance-in-the-children-presenting-with-severe-cerebral-palsy-following-the-treatment-with-the-use-of-the-locomotor-training-in-combination-with-the-electrical-stimulation-of-leg-muscles-and-spinal-cord
#7
I E Nikityuk, T R Moshonkina, Yu P Gerasimenko, S V Vissarionov, A G Baindurashvili
One of the cerebral palsy (CP) symptoms is the impairment of the ability to maintain upright standing. The objective of the present study was to investigate the effect of the locomotor training combined with electrical transcutaneous spinal cord stimulation (TSCS) and functional electrical stimulation (FES) of the muscles to facilitate the restoration of the vertical posture function in the children presenting with cerebral palsy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This article is designed to present the results of the study that included 19 patients at the age from 6 to 12 years...
2016: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755338/effectiveness-of-treatment-for-distal-tibial-nonunions-with-associated-complex-deformities-using-a-hexapod-external-fixator
#8
John E Arvesen, J Tracy Watson, Heidi Israel
OBJECTIVE: To determine the efficacy of a hexapod external fixator (TSF) and its ability to perform 6-axis correction in restoring deformities associated with distal tibial nonunions. DESIGN: Consecutive retrospective case review. SETTING: St. Louis University Hospital. Level 1 Trauma Center. PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven patients with distal tibial nonunion with greater than 5 degrees of deformity in any plane...
February 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27747645/a-piezo-surgery-with-corticotomies-and-implant-placement-as-part-of-a-multidisciplinary-approach-to-treat-malocclusion-disorder-in-an-adult-patient-clinical-report
#9
Federico Gelpi, Daniele De Santis, Simone Marconcini, Francesco Briguglio, Marco Finotti
This clinical report illustrates a multidisciplinary approach for the rehabilitation of a young adult patient affected by a bilateral edentulous space and an anterior deep bite. The patient required orthodontics and surgical corticotomy and implantology (both performed with a piezo device). A multidisciplinary planning approach, including orthodontics, oral and periodontic surgery, and restorative dentistry, has an important role in the final outcome of treatment. In fact a dental class I occlusion has been established only on the right side...
December 2015: International Journal of Implant Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27739554/clinical-radiographic-and-magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-of-gastrocnemius-musculotendinopathy-in-various-dog-breeds
#10
Susanne M Kaiser, Oliver Harms, Martin Konar, Anne Staudacher, Anna Langer, Cetina Thiel, Martin Kramer, Sebastian Schaub, Kerstin H von Pückler
OBJECTIVES: To describe clinical, radiographic, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in 16 dogs diagnosed with gastrocnemius musculotendinopathy. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of medical records, radiographs, and MRI results, as well as follow-up completed by telephone questionnaire. RESULTS: Most dogs had chronic hindlimb lameness with no history of trauma or athletic activities. Clinical examination revealed signs of pain on palpation without stifle joint instability...
November 23, 2016: Veterinary and Comparative Orthopaedics and Traumatology: V.C.O.T
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680576/changes-in-cardiac-function-and-structure-in-newly-diagnosed-graves-disease-a-conventional-and-2d-speckle-tracking-echocardiography-study
#11
K Aroditis, M Pikilidou, E Vourvouri, L Hadjistavri, P Zebekakis, J Yovos, G Efthimiadis, H Karvounis
Overproduction of thyroid hormones leads to structural as well as functional cardiac changes. Conventional echocardiography but also recently developed sophisticated two-dimensional echocardiography speckle (2D-STE) tracking allow elaborate evaluation of these changes. Our purpose was to investigate the effects of thyroid hormones overproduction on the heart in patients with Graves' disease and changes that occur after 6 months thyrostatic therapy. We conducted a prospective, case-control study of 6 months duration...
September 28, 2016: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27659088/improved-visualization-and-assessment-of-condylar-position-in-the-glenoid-fossa-for-different-occlusions-a-cbct-study
#12
Amandeep Kaur, Amanpreet S Natt, Simranjeet K Mehra, Karan Maheshwari, Gagandeep Singh, Amanjot Kaur
INTRODUCTION: The position of the condyle in the glenoid fossa plays an important role in the stability of occlusion after orthodontic treatment. Cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) provides an optimal imaging of the osseous components of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and give a full size truly three-dimensional (3D) description in real anatomical size. The present study aimed to visualize and compare the position of condyle in the glenoid fossa for different occlusions by using CBCT Materials and methods: Cone beam computed tomographic images of 45 subjects, aged 18 to 42 years, were evaluated...
August 1, 2016: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27590201/anatomical-principles-for-minimally-invasive-reconstruction-of-the-acromioclavicular-joint-with-anchors
#13
Chuanzhi Xiong, Yaojia Lu, Qiang Wang, Gang Chen, Hansheng Hu, Zhihua Lu
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the outcome of a minimally invasive surgical technique for the treatment of patients with acromioclavicular joint dislocation. METHODS: Sixteen patients with complete acromioclavicular joint dislocation were enrolled in this study. All patients were asked to follow the less active rehabilitation protocol post-operatively. Computed tomography with 3-D reconstruction of the injured shoulder was performed on each patient post operatively for the assessment of the accuracy of the suture anchor placement in the coracoid process and the reduction of the acromioclavicular joint...
September 2, 2016: International Orthopaedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27577526/anatomic-variation-in-volar-tilt-of-the-scaphoid-and-lunate-facet-of-the-distal-radius
#14
Luca Daniele, Andrew McLean, Nicholas Cocks, Michael Kalamaras, Randy Bindra, S L Ezekiel Tan
PURPOSE: The aim of distal radial fracture treatment is to achieve optimal function through the restoration of normal anatomy, including volar tilt. The accuracy of assessing volar tilt on standard lateral radiographs compared with anatomic tilt lateral (ATL) radiographs is uncertain. This study aimed to investigate the anatomy of the articular surface of the distal radius, in particular measuring the angle between the dorsal and volar rims at several points from radial to ulnar, to ascertain whether volar tilt is uniform between the scaphoid and lunate facet and to explore consistency between standard lateral and ATL views...
November 2016: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27543740/orthotic-correction-of-lower-limb-function-during-gait-does-not-immediately-influence-spinal-kinematics-in-spastic-hemiplegic-cerebral-palsy
#15
Stefan Schmid, Jacqueline Romkes, William R Taylor, Silvio Lorenzetti, Reinald Brunner
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Foot equinus and leg length discrepancy (LLD) are common problems in hemiplegic cerebral palsy (hCP), both causing secondary deviations of pelvic motion during gait. It can therefore be assumed that the spinal deviations observed in hCP patients are secondary as a compensation for the position of the pelvis arising from the disturbed leg function. This study investigated the effects of correcting lower extremity function by orthotics on spinal gait kinematics in hCP patients...
September 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27367349/-the-algorithm-for-rehabilitation-of-the-patients-presenting-with-laryngeal-cancer-following-open-functionally-sparing-operations
#16
L G Kozhanov, A M Sdvizhkov, I V Reshetov, A I Kryukov, S A Kravtsov, A L Kozhanov, M T Bekov
The objective of the present study was to increase the efficiency of the treatment of the patients presenting with laryngeal cancer by the enhancement of the functional reserve of the preserved portion of the larynx and the prevention of the narrowing of its lumen. Another objective was to develop an algorithm for the rehabilitation of the patients with laryngeal localization of the tumour following open functionally sparing operations that consists of the operative and postoperative stages. During the period from 2006 to 2014, a total of 71 patients underwent functionally sparing operations...
2016: Vestnik Otorinolaringologii
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27343344/efficacy-of-sensory-transcutaneous-electrical-nerve-stimulation-on-perceived-pain-and-gait-patterns-in-individuals-with-experimental-knee-pain
#17
S Jun Son, Hyunsoo Kim, Matthew K Seeley, J Ty Hopkins
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effect of experimental knee pain on perceived knee pain and gait patterns and to examine the efficacy of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) on perceived knee pain and pain-induced knee gait mechanics. DESIGN: Crossover trial. SETTING: Biomechanics laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Recreationally active, individuals without musculoskeletal pain aged 18 to 35 years (N=30). INTERVENTIONS: Thirty able-bodied individuals were assigned to either a TENS (n=15) or a placebo (n=15) group...
January 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289278/outcomes-and-risk-factors-of-rerevision-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-a-systematic-review
#18
Daniel J Liechti, Jorge Chahla, Chase S Dean, Justin J Mitchell, Erik Slette, Travis J Menge, Robert F LaPrade
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to systematically review the literature on rerevision anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstruction, focusing on patient outcomes. The secondary aims of this study were to (1) identify risk factors that contribute to multiple ACL reconstruction failures (defined as a complete tear of a revision ACL graft with knee instability) and (2) assess concomitant knee injuries, such as articular cartilage and menisci lesions. METHODS: A systematic review of the literature was performed...
June 8, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27186905/conservative-treatment-of-pediatric-thoracic-and-lumbar-spinal-fractures-outcomes-in-the-sagittal-plane
#19
Audrey Angelliaume, Anne-Laure Simon, Louis Boissière, Aurore Bouty, Jérôme Sales de Gauzy, Jean-Marc Vital, Olivier Gille, Clément Tournier, Stéphane Aunoble, Jean-Roger Pontailler, Yan Lefèvre
To assess sagittal plane spinopelvic balance and functional outcomes in a pediatric cohort of patients with a thoracic and/or a lumbar fracture treated conservatively. A multicentric study retrospectively reviewed radiological and functional outcomes (mean follow-up 49 months) of 48 patients (mean age 12 years) with thoracic and/or lumbar spinal fractures that occurred between 1996 and 2014. Demographic data and radiological spinopelvic parameters were analyzed. Functional outcome was evaluated by a telephone interview...
January 2017: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics. Part B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27176463/magnetic-properties-of-restacked-2d-spin-1-2-honeycomb-rucl3-nanosheets
#20
Daniel Weber, Leslie M Schoop, Viola Duppel, Judith M Lippmann, Jürgen Nuss, Bettina V Lotsch
Spin 1/2 honeycomb materials have gained substantial interest due to their exotic magnetism and possible application in quantum computing. However, in all current materials out-of-plane interactions are interfering with the in-plane order, hence a true 2D magnetic honeycomb system is still in demand. Here, we report the exfoliation of the magnetic semiconductor α-RuCl3 into the first halide monolayers and the magnetic characterization of the spin 1/2 honeycomb arrangement of turbostratically stacked RuCl3 monolayers...
June 8, 2016: Nano Letters
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