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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515933/evaluation-of-a-multiprofessional-nonsurgical-obesity-treatment-program-which-parameters-indicated-life-style-changes-and-weight-loss
#1
Pjanic, Roland Müller, Markus Laimer, Niels Hagenbuch, Kurt Laederach, Zeno Stanga
BACKGROUND: According to the current evidence, behavior modifications are an effective part of a non-surgical multiprofessional obesity treatment program (MOTP). The purpose of the present study was to report changes in weight as well in psychological variables during a one year MOTP. We aimed to identify the associations of emotional state and patients' emotion regulation skills with weight change. METHODS: Prospective interventional study. Data of participants attending the one year obesity treatment in either a group or individual structured MOTP were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475727/foregut-symptoms-somatoform-tendencies-and-the-selection-of-patients-for-antireflux-surgery
#2
K-H Fuchs, F Musial, F Ulbricht, W Breithaupt, A Reinisch, B Babic, H Fuchs, G Varga
A large variety of foregut symptoms can occur in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can overlap with other disorders such as somatoform disorders and dyspepsia. Due to unclear diagnostic situations, these patients are often not adequately treated. The aim of this study was the evaluation of patients with foregut symptoms, referred for possible antireflux surgery, regarding their relationship with GERD and somatization tendencies based on control data from an unselected population. Symptom evaluation and somatization screening were initiated both in volunteers and in patients with foregut symptoms and GERD...
July 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386913/self-report-of-temporomandibular-joint-clicking-and-psychological-factors-is-there-an-association
#3
A Ukra, L A Foster Page, W M Thomson, R G Knight, M Farella
The objectives of this study were to test the hypothesis that self-reported TMJ clicking sounds in adolescents are positively associated with non-specific somatic symptoms, self-perception of body image and care-seeking behaviour. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 353 young adolescents (48·4% females) recruited from community (N = 272) and orthodontic clinic (N = 81) settings. Assessments included self-reported TMJ clicking, non-specific physical symptoms, body image concerns and for the clinic sample only, the source of motivation for treatment...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289468/the-effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-family-phisicians-on-self-rated-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#4
Vojislav Ivetić, Klemen Pašić, Polona Selič
INTRODUCTION: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are very common in family medicine, despite being a poorly-defined clinical entity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention (EI) on self-rated quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and the family physician-patient relationship in patients with MUS. METHODS: In a multi-centre longitudinal intervention study, which was performed between 2012 and 2014, patients were asked to rate their quality of life, assess their depression, anxiety, stress and somatisation, complete the Hypochondriasis Index, the Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale and the Patient Enablement Instrument for assessing the physician-patient relationship, before and after the EI...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216996/busman-s-stomach-and-the-embodiment-of-modernity
#5
Rhodri Hayward
This paper examines the relationship between the gastric illness, 'busman's stomach' and the Coronation bus strike of May 1937 in which 27,000 London busworkers walked out for better working conditions and a seven-and-half-hour day. It explores the way in which new patterns of somatisation, gastroenterological techniques, psychological theories and competing understandings of time worked together to create new political institutions and new forms of political action in inter-war Britain.
January 2, 2017: Contemporary British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147408/-psychodynamic-traumatherapy-of-refugees-with-ptsd-and-somatisation
#6
Ljiljana Joksimovic, Johannes Kruse
The medical care of refugees and asylum seekers requires culturally sensitive and diverse structuring of the healthcare. In the psychotherapeutic and psychosomatic treatment of these patients the culture-specific and social aspects and also the high ratio of patients with post traumatic stress disorders and somatoform disorders have to be considered. The principles of stabilizing psychodynamic traumatherapie of refugees will be introduced, which efficacy was determined by controlled study. The specific adaptations of the trauma-orientated psychotherapy to the specific situation of refugees and asylum seekers will be described...
April 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104632/visceral-hypersensitivity-is-associated-with-gi-symptom-severity-in-functional-gi-disorders-consistent-findings-from-five-different-patient-cohorts
#7
Magnus Simrén, Hans Törnblom, Olafur S Palsson, Miranda A L van Tilburg, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Jan Tack, William E Whitehead
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between visceral hypersensitivity and GI symptom severity in large cohorts of patients with functional GI disorder (FGID) and to adjust for psychological factors and general tendency to report symptoms. DESIGN: We included five cohorts of patients with FGIDs (IBS or functional dyspepsia; n=1144), who had undergone visceral sensitivity testing using balloon distensions (gastric fundus, descending colon or rectum) and completed questionnaires to assess GI symptom severity, non-GI somatic symptoms, anxiety and depression...
January 19, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096253/generic-prognostic-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review
#8
Majid Artus, Paul Campbell, Christian D Mallen, Kate M Dunn, Danielle A W van der Windt
OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence for generic prognostic factors across a range of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. SETTING: primary care. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: Comprehensive systematic literature review. MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsychINFO and EMBASE were searched for prospective cohort studies, based in primary care (search period-inception to December 2015). Studies were included if they reported on adults consulting with MSK conditions and provided data on associations between baseline characteristics (prognostic factors) and outcome...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846296/the-influence-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-psychological-symptoms-on-clinical-outcome-after-shoulder-surgery-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#9
Rinco C T Koorevaar, Esther van 't Riet, Marleen J J Gerritsen, Kim Madden, Sjoerd K Bulstra
BACKGROUND: Psychological symptoms are highly prevalent in patients with shoulder complaints. Psychological symptoms in patients with shoulder complaints might play a role in the aetiology, perceived disability and pain and clinical outcome of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative symptoms of distress, depression, anxiety and somatisation were associated with a change in function after shoulder surgery and postoperative patient perceived improvement of pain and function...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825327/treatment-of-trauma-affected-refugees-with-venlafaxine-versus-sertraline-combined-with-psychotherapy-a-randomised-study
#10
Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson, Per Bech, Ask Elklit, Erik Lykke Mortensen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of trauma-related psychiatric disorders is high among refugees. Despite this, little is known about the effect of pharmacological treatment for this patient group. The objective of the present study was therefore to examine differences in the effects of venlafaxine and sertraline on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression and functional impairment in trauma-affected refugees. METHODS: The study was a randomised pragmatic trial comparing venlafaxine and sertraline in combination with psychotherapy and social counselling...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820794/epidemiological-differences-between-localized-and-nonlocalized-low-back-pain
#11
David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Sergio Vargas-Prada, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath Sp Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M M Sarquis, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, Elizabeth Clare Harris, Consol Serra, José Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
STUDY DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey with a longitudinal follow-up. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that pain, which is localized to the low back, differs epidemiologically from that which occurs simultaneously or close in time to pain at other anatomical sites SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Low back pain (LBP) often occurs in combination with other regional pain, with which it shares similar psychological and psychosocial risk factors...
May 15, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679674/sick-leave-in-workers-with-arm-neck-and-or-shoulder-complaints-defining-occurrence-and-discriminative-trajectories-over-a-2-year-time-period
#12
A Feleus, H S Miedema, S M A Bierma-Zeinstra, T Hoekstra, B W Koes, A Burdorf
OBJECTIVES: Impediments due to complaints of non-traumatic arm, neck and/or shoulder (CANS) during work often leads to consultation in primary care. This study examines the occurrence of sick leave among workers with new CANS, and evaluates sick leave trajectories and their characteristics. METHODS: This prospective 2-year cohort study included workers with a new CANS presenting in general practice. Participants filled out postal questionnaires on sick leave at 6-monthly intervals...
September 27, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611093/collaborative-nurse-led-self-management-support-for-primary-care-patients-with-anxiety-depressive-or-somatic-symptoms-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-findings-of-the-smads-study
#13
Thomas Zimmermann, Egina Puschmann, Hendrik van den Bussche, Birgitt Wiese, Annette Ernst, Sarah Porzelt, Anne Daubmann, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Collaborative, nurse-led care is a well-established model of ambulatory care in many healthcare systems. Nurses play a key role in managing patients' conditions as well as in enhancing symptom- and self-management skills. OBJECTIVE: The SMADS trial evaluated the effectiveness of a primary care-based, nurse-led, complex intervention to promote self-management in patients with anxiety, depressive or somatic symptoms. Change in self-efficacy 12 months post baseline was used as the primary outcome...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550643/sociodemographic-psychosocial-and-physical-health-correlates-of-common-mental-disorder-symptoms-among-mothers-in-trinidad-and-tobago-examining-ethnic-variations
#14
Ambika Krishnakumar, Lutchmie Narine, Jaipaul L Roopnarine, Carol Logie
Historical and cultural experiences have shaped the life experiences of cultural communities in Trinidad and Tobago. Using a cultural focus, the goal of this investigation was to examine ethnic variations both in the prevalence of common mental disorder (CMD) symptoms as well as in the associations between sociodemographic, psychosocial, physical health correlates and CMDs among mothers in Trinidad and Tobago. Participants included 1002 mothers (359 African-, 353 Indo- and 290 Mixed-Ethnic Trinidadian). Mean comparisons indicated similarities in the levels of depression, somatisation and anxiety across ethnic groups...
August 22, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275300/psychological-patient-reactions-after-septorhinoplasty-our-personal-view
#15
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Nikola Nikolovski, Slavica Arsova, Dragoslav Kopachev
AIM: The aim of our study is to observe adequate and inadequate psychological reactions in patients who are candidates for septorhinoplasty, before and after surgery and to create an adequate psychological model of a person suitable for septorhinoplasty in this group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 140 patients with nasal septal deviation (deviatio septi nasi), alone or together with other nasal deformities, were observed in the period of 4 years (2011-2015 year)...
December 15, 2015: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251179/psychosocial-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-for-trauma-affected-refugees
#16
Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson, Per Bech, Erik Vindbjerg, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Ask Elklit
BACKGROUND: The effects of treatment in trials with trauma-affected refugees vary considerably not only between studies but also between patients within a single study. However, we know little about why some patients benefit more from treatment, as few studies have analysed predictors of treatment outcome. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine possible psychosocial predictors of treatment outcome for trauma-affected refugees. METHOD: The participants were 195 adult refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who were enrolled in a 6- to 7-month treatment programme at the Competence Centre for Transcultural Psychiatry (CTP), Denmark...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189388/dutch-homeless-people-2-5%C3%A2-years-after-shelter-admission-what-are-predictors-of-housing-stability-and-housing-satisfaction
#17
Barbara Van Straaten, Jorien Van der Laan, Gerda Rodenburg, Sandra N Boersma, Judith R L M Wolf, Dike Van de Mheen
Housing stability is an important focus in research on homeless people. Although definitions of stable housing differ across studies, the perspective of homeless people themselves is generally not included. Therefore, this study explored the inclusion of satisfaction with the participant's current housing status as part of the definition of housing stability and also examined predictors of housing stability with and without the inclusion of homeless person's perspective. Of the initial cohort consisting of 513 homeless participants who were included at baseline in 2011, 324 (63...
March 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153515/somatisation-and-anger-are-associated-with-symptom-severity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-severely-traumatised-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#18
Tobias R Spiller, Matthis Schick, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Naser Morina
BACKGROUND: Most research on refugee mental health has focused on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Besides PTSD, however, traumatised refugees are often burdened by comorbid somatic and psychiatric conditions, as well as postmigration living difficulties (PMLD). It is unclear how these conditions interfere with presentation and treatment of PTSD. METHODS: This preliminary cross-sectional study investigated 134 severely traumatised refugees and asylum seekers in treatment in two psychiatric outpatient units in Switzerland...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128094/descriptive-epidemiology-of-somatising-tendency-findings-from-the-cupid-study
#19
Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath S P Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M M Sarquis, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
Somatising tendency, defined as a predisposition to worry about common somatic symptoms, is importantly associated with various aspects of health and health-related behaviour, including musculoskeletal pain and associated disability. To explore its epidemiological characteristics, and how it can be specified most efficiently, we analysed data from an international longitudinal study. A baseline questionnaire, which included questions from the Brief Symptom Inventory about seven common symptoms, was completed by 12,072 participants aged 20-59 from 46 occupational groups in 18 countries (response rate 70%)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083200/electroacupuncture-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-sub-syndromal-depression-among-undergraduates-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#20
Tianwei Guo, Zhuo Guo, Wenyue Zhang, Wenhao Ma, Xinjing Yang, Xueqin Yang, Jiwon Hwang, Xiaotian He, Xinyi Chen, Tu Ya
BACKGROUND: Individuals with sub-syndromal depression (SSD) are at increased risk of incident depressive disorders; however, the ideal therapeutic approach to SSD remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), alone or in combination, on depressive symptoms. METHODS: Undergraduate students with SSD were recruited and allocated to one of four groups based on their preferences: EA (n=6), CBT (n=10), EA+CBT (n=6), and untreated control (n=11) groups...
October 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
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