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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29281765/psychosocial-health-of-cochlear-implant-users-compared-to-that-of-adults-with-and-without-hearing-aids-results-of-a-nationwide-cohort-study
#1
Jizzo R Bosdriesz, Mariska Stam, Cas Smits, Sophia E Kramer
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the psychosocial health status of adult cochlear implant (CI) users, compared to that of hearing aid (HA) users, hearing-impaired adults without hearing aids, and normally hearing adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study, using both self-reported survey data and a speech-in-noise test. SETTING: Data as collected within the Netherlands Longitudinal Study on Hearing (NL-SH) between September 2011 and June 2016 were used...
December 27, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220680/adherence-to-physical-activity-recommendations-and-physical-and-mental-health-risk-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-in-uganda
#2
Davy Vancampfort, Michel Probst, David Basangwa, Marc De Hert, Inez Myin-Germeys, Ruud van Winkel, Philip B Ward, Simon Rosenbaum, James Mugisha
This study investigated cardio-metabolic risk factors among patients with severe mental illness who do or do not meet the recommendations of 150min per week of physical activity. A secondary aim was to assess whether those that do meet the recommendations report lower levels of mental health symptoms. 107 (60♀) Ugandan in- and outpatients (mean age=34.4 ± 9.7 years) with severe mental illness (depression=7, bipolar disorder=55, schizophrenia=45) completed the Physical Activity Vital Sign (PAVS) method and Brief Symptoms Inventory -18...
November 29, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192524/problematic-gaming-behaviour-and-health-related-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#3
Niko Männikkö, Heidi Ruotsalainen, Jouko Miettunen, Halley M Pontes, Maria Kääriäinen
This systematic review and meta-analysis aimed to investigate the interplay between problematic gaming behaviour and health-related outcomes at different developmental stages. A total of 50 empirical studies met the specified inclusion criteria, and a meta-analysis using correlation coefficients was used for the studies that reported adverse health implications regarding the impact of problematic gaming behaviour on depression, anxiety, obsessive-compulsive disorder and somatisation. Overall, the results suggested that problematic gaming behaviour is significantly associated with a wide range of detrimental health-related outcomes...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Health Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29171369/-can-sick-leave-be-predicted-in-patients-with-non-traumatic-arm-neck-and-or-shoulder-complaints
#4
A Feleus, H S Miedema, S M A Bierma-Zeinstra, T Hoekstra, B W Koes, A Burdorf
OBJECTIVES: Impediments due to complaints of non-traumatic arm, neck and/or shoulder (CANS) during work often leads to consultation in primary care. This study examines the occurrence of sick leave among workers with new CANS, and evaluates sick leave trajectories and their characteristics. METHODS: This prospective 2-year cohort study included workers with a new CANS presenting in general practice. Participants filled out postal questionnaires on sick leave at 6-monthly intervals...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150985/general-illness-and-psychological-factors-in-patients-with-chronic-nasal-symptoms
#5
Naveed Kara, Alexander C Yao, Julia Newton, Vincent Deary, James O'Hara, Janet A Wilson
OBJECTIVES: Only a minority of patients referred to specialists with sinonasal symptoms have clear evidence of chronic rhinosinusitis. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of and associations between (i) general illness factors (fatigue, autonomic dysfunction) and (ii) psychological factors (anxiety, depression, somatisation, personality traits) in patients presenting with sinonasal symptoms. DESIGN: The following validated questionnaires were administered to patients: the Sino-Nasal Outcome Test-22 (SNOT-22) to identify symptom burden, Composite Autonomic Symptom Score-31 (COMPASS-31) measuring autonomic function, Chalder fatigue questionnaire, Patient Health Questionnaire-15 (PHQ-15) addressing somatisation symptoms, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS), and the International Personality Item Pool-50 (IPIP-50)...
November 18, 2017: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123662/chronic-postsurgical-pain-is-there-a-possible-genetic-link
#6
Sabu Kumar James
Persistent or chronic postsurgical pain (CPSP) has been defined as 'pain persisting beyond 2 months'. The cut-off limit of 2 months has been controversial, and some researchers argue for a 3-month period for the definition of CPSP. Multiple mechanisms, including both patient and surgical, have been shown to influence this transition. Patient factors include age, gender, anxiety, depression, somatisation, catastrophising, pre-existing pain anywhere and pain at the site of surgery. The various surgical factors include site and nature of surgery, infection, inflammation and repeat surgery...
November 2017: British Journal of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022358/development-of-the-injury-perceptions-questionnaire-injpq
#7
Irit Heruti, Sigal Levy, Ronit Avitsur, Daniel Deutscher, Moshe Gutvirtz, Tamar Berkovitz, Shoshana Shiloh
OBJECTIVES: Injuries are major causes of morbidity and mortality in the population. Given the central role of perceptions in self-regulation of health conditions, it is important to investigate how they are perceived. This article describes the development of the Injury Perceptions Questionnaire (InjPQ). METHODS: A concurrent study in a diverse sample of injured individuals (n = 333). The internal structure and the reliability (Cronbach's α) of InjPQ sub-scales were explored by factor analyses...
October 12, 2017: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28938204/natural-outdoor-environments-and-mental-health-stress-as-a-possible-mechanism
#8
Margarita Triguero-Mas, David Donaire-Gonzalez, Edmund Seto, Antònia Valentín, David Martínez, Graham Smith, Gemma Hurst, Glòria Carrasco-Turigas, Daniel Masterson, Magdalena van den Berg, Albert Ambròs, Tania Martínez-Íñiguez, Audrius Dedele, Naomi Ellis, Tomas Grazulevicius, Martin Voorsmit, Marta Cirach, Judith Cirac-Claveras, Wim Swart, Eddy Clasquin, Annemarie Ruijsbroek, Jolanda Maas, Michael Jerret, Regina Gražulevičienė, Hanneke Kruize, Christopher J Gidlow, Mark J Nieuwenhuijsen
INTRODUCTION: Better mental health has been associated with exposure to natural outdoor environments (NOE). However, comprehensive studies including several indicators of exposure and outcomes, potential effect modifiers and mediators are scarce. OBJECTIVES: We used novel, objective measures to explore the relationships between exposure to NOE (i.e. residential availability and contact) and different indicators of mental health, and possible modifiers and mediators...
November 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816075/psychological-impact-of-female-genital-mutilation-among-adolescent-egyptian-girls-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Magdy R Ahmed, Mohamed M Shaaban, Heba K Meky, Mohamed E Amin Arafa, Tamer Y Mohamed, Waleed F Gharib, Abeer B Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Worldwide, at least 200 million women and girls have undergone female genital mutilation (FGM). The medical and sexual consequences have been documented, but the psychological impact has not been studied to the same extent. The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between FGM and psychiatric problems among adolescent girls. METHODS: A total of 204 girls, aged 14-19 years, were included in a cross-sectional study conducted at Suez Canal University Hospitals...
August 17, 2017: European Journal of Contraception & Reproductive Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722100/-tailored-care-for-functional-vertigo-dizziness-an-integrative-group-psychotherapy-approach
#10
Katharina Radziej, Gabriele Schmid-Mühlbauer, Karina Limburg, Claas Lahmann
Functional vertigo and dizziness (VD) symptoms are highly prevalent and usually accompanied by a strong impairment of quality in everyday and working life. The complaints are often associated with various psychiatric disorders, particularly phobic and other anxiety disorders, depressive or somatoform disorders. Despite this clinical relevance of VD symptoms, studies towards psychotherapeutic treatment options for patients with functional VD are still rare. Thus, the present study outlines a manual for outpatient group therapy for patients with functional VD symptoms...
June 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28669516/adherence-to-treatment-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#11
Sebastián Prados-Moreno, José Mario Sabio, José Manuel Pérez-Mármol, Nuria Navarrete-Navarrete, María Isabel Peralta-Ramírez
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Non-adherence to treatment is usually a clinical problem in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Increasing the knowledge of predictors of treatment adherence can be meaningful in the clinical setting. The main objective of the present study was to analyse the influence of sociodemographic, clinical and psychological variables on the degree of treatment adherence in a sample of Spanish women with SLE. PATIENTS AND METHOD: This is an observational-transversal study...
June 29, 2017: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515933/evaluation-of-a-multiprofessional-nonsurgical-obesity-treatment-program-which-parameters-indicated-life-style-changes-and-weight-loss
#12
Pjanic, Roland Müller, Markus Laimer, Niels Hagenbuch, Kurt Laederach, Zeno Stanga
BACKGROUND: According to the current evidence, behavior modifications are an effective part of a non-surgical multiprofessional obesity treatment program (MOTP). The purpose of the present study was to report changes in weight as well in psychological variables during a one year MOTP. We aimed to identify the associations of emotional state and patients' emotion regulation skills with weight change. METHODS: Prospective interventional study. Data of participants attending the one year obesity treatment in either a group or individual structured MOTP were analyzed...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475727/foregut-symptoms-somatoform-tendencies-and-the-selection-of-patients-for-antireflux-surgery
#13
K-H Fuchs, F Musial, F Ulbricht, W Breithaupt, A Reinisch, B Babic, H Fuchs, G Varga
A large variety of foregut symptoms can occur in patients with gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD), which can overlap with other disorders such as somatoform disorders and dyspepsia. Due to unclear diagnostic situations, these patients are often not adequately treated. The aim of this study was the evaluation of patients with foregut symptoms, referred for possible antireflux surgery, regarding their relationship with GERD and somatization tendencies based on control data from an unselected population. Symptom evaluation and somatization screening were initiated both in volunteers and in patients with foregut symptoms and GERD...
July 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28386913/self-report-of-temporomandibular-joint-clicking-and-psychological-factors-is-there-an-association
#14
A Ukra, L A Foster Page, W M Thomson, R G Knight, M Farella
The objectives of this study were to test the hypothesis that self-reported TMJ clicking sounds in adolescents are positively associated with non-specific somatic symptoms, self-perception of body image and care-seeking behaviour. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 353 young adolescents (48·4% females) recruited from community (N = 272) and orthodontic clinic (N = 81) settings. Assessments included self-reported TMJ clicking, non-specific physical symptoms, body image concerns and for the clinic sample only, the source of motivation for treatment...
April 7, 2017: Journal of Oral Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28289468/the-effect-of-an-educational-intervention-in-family-phisicians-on-self-rated-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-medically-unexplained-symptoms
#15
Vojislav Ivetić, Klemen Pašić, Polona Selič
INTRODUCTION: Medically unexplained symptoms (MUS) are very common in family medicine, despite being a poorly-defined clinical entity. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of an educational intervention (EI) on self-rated quality of life, treatment satisfaction, and the family physician-patient relationship in patients with MUS. METHODS: In a multi-centre longitudinal intervention study, which was performed between 2012 and 2014, patients were asked to rate their quality of life, assess their depression, anxiety, stress and somatisation, complete the Hypochondriasis Index, the Medical Interview Satisfaction Scale and the Patient Enablement Instrument for assessing the physician-patient relationship, before and after the EI...
June 1, 2017: Zdravstveno Varstvo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216996/busman-s-stomach-and-the-embodiment-of-modernity
#16
Rhodri Hayward
This paper examines the relationship between the gastric illness, 'busman's stomach' and the Coronation bus strike of May 1937 in which 27,000 London busworkers walked out for better working conditions and a seven-and-half-hour day. It explores the way in which new patterns of somatisation, gastroenterological techniques, psychological theories and competing understandings of time worked together to create new political institutions and new forms of political action in inter-war Britain.
January 2, 2017: Contemporary British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147408/-psychodynamic-traumatherapy-of-refugees-with-ptsd-and-somatisation
#17
Ljiljana Joksimovic, Johannes Kruse
The medical care of refugees and asylum seekers requires culturally sensitive and diverse structuring of the healthcare. In the psychotherapeutic and psychosomatic treatment of these patients the culture-specific and social aspects and also the high ratio of patients with post traumatic stress disorders and somatoform disorders have to be considered. The principles of stabilizing psychodynamic traumatherapie of refugees will be introduced, which efficacy was determined by controlled study. The specific adaptations of the trauma-orientated psychotherapy to the specific situation of refugees and asylum seekers will be described...
April 2017: Psychotherapie, Psychosomatik, Medizinische Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104632/visceral-hypersensitivity-is-associated-with-gi-symptom-severity-in-functional-gi-disorders-consistent-findings-from-five-different-patient-cohorts
#18
Magnus Simrén, Hans Törnblom, Olafur S Palsson, Miranda A L van Tilburg, Lukas Van Oudenhove, Jan Tack, William E Whitehead
OBJECTIVE: Our aim was to evaluate the association between visceral hypersensitivity and GI symptom severity in large cohorts of patients with functional GI disorder (FGID) and to adjust for psychological factors and general tendency to report symptoms. DESIGN: We included five cohorts of patients with FGIDs (IBS or functional dyspepsia; n=1144), who had undergone visceral sensitivity testing using balloon distensions (gastric fundus, descending colon or rectum) and completed questionnaires to assess GI symptom severity, non-GI somatic symptoms, anxiety and depression...
January 19, 2017: Gut
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28096253/generic-prognostic-factors-for-musculoskeletal-pain-in-primary-care-a-systematic-review
#19
Majid Artus, Paul Campbell, Christian D Mallen, Kate M Dunn, Danielle A W van der Windt
OBJECTIVES: To summarise the evidence for generic prognostic factors across a range of musculoskeletal (MSK) conditions. SETTING: primary care. METHODS AND OUTCOMES: Comprehensive systematic literature review. MEDLINE, CINAHL, PsychINFO and EMBASE were searched for prospective cohort studies, based in primary care (search period-inception to December 2015). Studies were included if they reported on adults consulting with MSK conditions and provided data on associations between baseline characteristics (prognostic factors) and outcome...
January 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846296/the-influence-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-psychological-symptoms-on-clinical-outcome-after-shoulder-surgery-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#20
Rinco C T Koorevaar, Esther van 't Riet, Marleen J J Gerritsen, Kim Madden, Sjoerd K Bulstra
BACKGROUND: Psychological symptoms are highly prevalent in patients with shoulder complaints. Psychological symptoms in patients with shoulder complaints might play a role in the aetiology, perceived disability and pain and clinical outcome of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative symptoms of distress, depression, anxiety and somatisation were associated with a change in function after shoulder surgery and postoperative patient perceived improvement of pain and function...
2016: PloS One
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