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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846296/the-influence-of-preoperative-and-postoperative-psychological-symptoms-on-clinical-outcome-after-shoulder-surgery-a-prospective-longitudinal-cohort-study
#1
Rinco C T Koorevaar, Esther van 't Riet, Marleen J J Gerritsen, Kim Madden, Sjoerd K Bulstra
BACKGROUND: Psychological symptoms are highly prevalent in patients with shoulder complaints. Psychological symptoms in patients with shoulder complaints might play a role in the aetiology, perceived disability and pain and clinical outcome of treatment. The aim of this study was to assess whether preoperative symptoms of distress, depression, anxiety and somatisation were associated with a change in function after shoulder surgery and postoperative patient perceived improvement of pain and function...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825327/treatment-of-trauma-affected-refugees-with-venlafaxine-versus-sertraline-combined-with-psychotherapy-a-randomised-study
#2
Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson, Per Bech, Ask Elklit, Erik Lykke Mortensen
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of trauma-related psychiatric disorders is high among refugees. Despite this, little is known about the effect of pharmacological treatment for this patient group. The objective of the present study was therefore to examine differences in the effects of venlafaxine and sertraline on Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), depression and functional impairment in trauma-affected refugees. METHODS: The study was a randomised pragmatic trial comparing venlafaxine and sertraline in combination with psychotherapy and social counselling...
November 8, 2016: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820794/epidemiological-differences-between-localised-and-non-localised-low-back-pain
#3
David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Sergio Vargas-Prada, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath Sp Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M M Sarquis, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey with longitudinal follow-up OBJECTIVES.: To test the hypothesis that pain which is localised to the low back differs epidemiologically from that which occurs simultaneously or close in time to pain at other anatomical sites SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA.: Low back pain (LBP) often occurs in combination with other regional pain, with which it shares similar psychological and psychosocial risk factors. However, few previous epidemiological studies of LBP have distinguished pain that is confined to the low back from that which occurs as part of a wider distribution of pain...
November 4, 2016: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27679674/sick-leave-in-workers-with-arm-neck-and-or-shoulder-complaints-defining-occurrence-and-discriminative-trajectories-over-a-2-year-time-period
#4
A Feleus, H S Miedema, S M A Bierma-Zeinstra, T Hoekstra, B W Koes, A Burdorf
OBJECTIVES: Impediments due to complaints of non-traumatic arm, neck and/or shoulder (CANS) during work often leads to consultation in primary care. This study examines the occurrence of sick leave among workers with new CANS, and evaluates sick leave trajectories and their characteristics. METHODS: This prospective 2-year cohort study included workers with a new CANS presenting in general practice. Participants filled out postal questionnaires on sick leave at 6-monthly intervals...
September 27, 2016: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27611093/collaborative-nurse-led-self-management-support-for-primary-care-patients-with-anxiety-depressive-or-somatic-symptoms-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-findings-of-the-smads-study
#5
Thomas Zimmermann, Egina Puschmann, Hendrik van den Bussche, Birgitt Wiese, Annette Ernst, Sarah Porzelt, Anne Daubmann, Martin Scherer
BACKGROUND: Collaborative, nurse-led care is a well-established model of ambulatory care in many healthcare systems. Nurses play a key role in managing patients' conditions as well as in enhancing symptom- and self-management skills. OBJECTIVE: The SMADS trial evaluated the effectiveness of a primary care-based, nurse-led, complex intervention to promote self-management in patients with anxiety, depressive or somatic symptoms. Change in self-efficacy 12 months post baseline was used as the primary outcome...
November 2016: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27550643/sociodemographic-psychosocial-and-physical-health-correlates-of-common-mental-disorder-symptoms-among-mothers-in-trinidad-and-tobago-examining-ethnic-variations
#6
Ambika Krishnakumar, Lutchmie Narine, Jaipaul L Roopnarine, Carol Logie
Historical and cultural experiences have shaped the life experiences of cultural communities in Trinidad and Tobago. Using a cultural focus, the goal of this investigation was to examine ethnic variations both in the prevalence of common mental disorder (CMD) symptoms as well as in the associations between sociodemographic, psychosocial, physical health correlates and CMDs among mothers in Trinidad and Tobago. Participants included 1002 mothers (359 African-, 353 Indo- and 290 Mixed-Ethnic Trinidadian). Mean comparisons indicated similarities in the levels of depression, somatisation and anxiety across ethnic groups...
August 22, 2016: International Journal of Psychology: Journal International de Psychologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27275300/psychological-patient-reactions-after-septorhinoplasty-our-personal-view
#7
Gabriela Kopacheva-Barsova, Nikola Nikolovski, Slavica Arsova, Dragoslav Kopachev
AIM: The aim of our study is to observe adequate and inadequate psychological reactions in patients who are candidates for septorhinoplasty, before and after surgery and to create an adequate psychological model of a person suitable for septorhinoplasty in this group of patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In this study, 140 patients with nasal septal deviation (deviatio septi nasi), alone or together with other nasal deformities, were observed in the period of 4 years (2011-2015 year)...
December 15, 2015: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27251179/psychosocial-predictors-of-treatment-outcome-for-trauma-affected-refugees
#8
Charlotte Sonne, Jessica Carlsson, Per Bech, Erik Vindbjerg, Erik Lykke Mortensen, Ask Elklit
BACKGROUND: The effects of treatment in trials with trauma-affected refugees vary considerably not only between studies but also between patients within a single study. However, we know little about why some patients benefit more from treatment, as few studies have analysed predictors of treatment outcome. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to examine possible psychosocial predictors of treatment outcome for trauma-affected refugees. METHOD: The participants were 195 adult refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) who were enrolled in a 6- to 7-month treatment programme at the Competence Centre for Transcultural Psychiatry (CTP), Denmark...
2016: European Journal of Psychotraumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27189388/dutch-homeless-people-2-5%C3%A2-years-after-shelter-admission-what-are-predictors-of-housing-stability-and-housing-satisfaction
#9
Barbara Van Straaten, Jorien Van der Laan, Gerda Rodenburg, Sandra N Boersma, Judith R L M Wolf, Dike Van de Mheen
Housing stability is an important focus in research on homeless people. Although definitions of stable housing differ across studies, the perspective of homeless people themselves is generally not included. Therefore, this study explored the inclusion of satisfaction with the participant's current housing status as part of the definition of housing stability and also examined predictors of housing stability with and without the inclusion of homeless person's perspective. Of the initial cohort consisting of 513 homeless participants who were included at baseline in 2011, 324 (63...
May 17, 2016: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27153515/somatisation-and-anger-are-associated-with-symptom-severity-of-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-in-severely-traumatised-refugees-and-asylum-seekers
#10
Tobias R Spiller, Matthis Schick, Ulrich Schnyder, Richard A Bryant, Angela Nickerson, Naser Morina
BACKGROUND: Most research on refugee mental health has focused on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Besides PTSD, however, traumatised refugees are often burdened by comorbid somatic and psychiatric conditions, as well as postmigration living difficulties (PMLD). It is unclear how these conditions interfere with presentation and treatment of PTSD. METHODS: This preliminary cross-sectional study investigated 134 severely traumatised refugees and asylum seekers in treatment in two psychiatric outpatient units in Switzerland...
2016: Swiss Medical Weekly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27128094/descriptive-epidemiology-of-somatising-tendency-findings-from-the-cupid-study
#11
Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath S P Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Leila M M Sarquis, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
Somatising tendency, defined as a predisposition to worry about common somatic symptoms, is importantly associated with various aspects of health and health-related behaviour, including musculoskeletal pain and associated disability. To explore its epidemiological characteristics, and how it can be specified most efficiently, we analysed data from an international longitudinal study. A baseline questionnaire, which included questions from the Brief Symptom Inventory about seven common symptoms, was completed by 12,072 participants aged 20-59 from 46 occupational groups in 18 countries (response rate 70%)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083200/electroacupuncture-and-cognitive-behavioural-therapy-for-sub-syndromal-depression-among-undergraduates-a-controlled-clinical-trial
#12
Tianwei Guo, Zhuo Guo, Wenyue Zhang, Wenhao Ma, Xinjing Yang, Xueqin Yang, Jiwon Hwang, Xiaotian He, Xinyi Chen, Tu Ya
BACKGROUND: Individuals with sub-syndromal depression (SSD) are at increased risk of incident depressive disorders; however, the ideal therapeutic approach to SSD remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) and cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT), alone or in combination, on depressive symptoms. METHODS: Undergraduate students with SSD were recruited and allocated to one of four groups based on their preferences: EA (n=6), CBT (n=10), EA+CBT (n=6), and untreated control (n=11) groups...
October 2016: Acupuncture in Medicine: Journal of the British Medical Acupuncture Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27055522/the-effects-of-corticosteroids-on-cognitive-flexibility-and-decision-making-in-women-with-lupus
#13
E Montero-López, A Santos-Ruiz, N Navarrete-Navarrete, N Ortego-Centeno, M Pérez-García, M I Peralta-Ramírez
The aim of this study was to investigate the possible effects of corticosteroids in women with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in two processes of executive function: cognitive flexibility and decision-making. To that end, we evaluated 121 women divided into three groups: 50 healthy women, 38 women with SLE not receiving corticosteroid treatment and 33 women with SLE receiving corticosteroid treatment. Cognitive flexibility was measured with the Trail Making Tests A and B; decision-making was measured with the Iowa Gambling Task...
April 6, 2016: Lupus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26969819/-depression-is-not-an-illness-it-s-up-to-you-to-make-yourself-happy-perceptions-of-chinese-health-professionals-and-community-workers-about-older-chinese-immigrants-experiences-of-depression-and-anxiety
#14
Betty Haralambous, Briony Dow, Anita Goh, Nancy A Pachana, Christina Bryant, Dina LoGiudice, Xiaoping Lin
AIM: The aim of this study was to improve our understanding of depression and anxiety among older immigrant Chinese Australians. METHODS: The study was based on the National Ageing Research Institute's Cultural Exchange Model, an iterative process of exchange between researchers and stakeholders. The project involved a range of components including consultations with health professionals and community workers about perceptions of depression and anxiety within the Chinese community...
December 2016: Australasian Journal on Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26944392/clinical-value-of-dsm-iv-and-dsm-5-criteria-for-diagnosing-the-most-prevalent-somatoform-disorders-in-patients-with-medically-unexplained-physical-symptoms-mups
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Nikki Claassen- van Dessel, Johannes C van der Wouden, Joost Dekker, Henriette E van der Horst
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed (1) to describe frequencies of DSM IV somatisation disorder, undifferentiated somatoform disorder and pain disorder versus DSM 5 somatic symptom disorder (SSD) in a multi-setting population of patients with medically unexplained physical symptoms (MUPS), (2) to investigate differences in sociodemographic and (psycho)pathological characteristics between these diagnostic groups and (3) to explore the clinical relevance of the distinction between mild and moderate DSM 5 SSD...
March 2016: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26852093/prevalence-of-psychiatric-morbidity-in-the-primary-health-clinic-attendees-in-kuwait
#16
Sulaiman Alkhadhari, Aseel Omran Alsabbrri, Ibrahim H A Mohammad, Amina Abdullah Atwan, Fatma Alqudaihi, Muhammad Ajmal Zahid
BACKGROUND: A substantial proportion of primary clinic attendees suffer from psychiatric disorders and many of them are neither recognized nor adequately treated by primary clinic physicians. OBJECTIVES: To determine the point prevalence of, and identify risk factors for, depression, anxiety, and somatisation disorder in the primary health clinics in the country. METHOD: The Physical Health Questionnaires (PHQ-SADs), were administered to a randomized sample of 1046 primary clinic attendees in all the five governorates of the country over a 5-month period...
May 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26761390/classification-of-neck-shoulder-pain-in-epidemiological-research-a-comparison-of-personal-and-occupational-characteristics-disability-and-prognosis-among-12-195-workers-from-18-countries
#17
Leila M M Sarquis, David Coggon, Georgia Ntani, Karen Walker-Bone, Keith T Palmer, Vanda E Felli, Raul Harari, Lope H Barrero, Sarah A Felknor, David Gimeno, Anna Cattrell, Sergio Vargas-Prada, Matteo Bonzini, Eleni Solidaki, Eda Merisalu, Rima R Habib, Farideh Sadeghian, M Masood Kadir, Sudath S P Warnakulasuriya, Ko Matsudaira, Busisiwe Nyantumbu, Malcolm R Sim, Helen Harcombe, Ken Cox, Maria H Marziale, Florencia Harari, Rocio Freire, Natalia Harari, Magda V Monroy, Leonardo A Quintana, Marianela Rojas, E Clare Harris, Consol Serra, J Miguel Martinez, George Delclos, Fernando G Benavides, Michele Carugno, Marco M Ferrario, Angela C Pesatori, Leda Chatzi, Panos Bitsios, Manolis Kogevinas, Kristel Oha, Tiina Freimann, Ali Sadeghian, Roshini J Peiris-John, Nalini Sathiakumar, A Rajitha Wickremasinghe, Noriko Yoshimura, Helen L Kelsall, Victor C W Hoe, Donna M Urquhart, Sarah Derrett, David McBride, Peter Herbison, Andrew Gray, Eduardo J Salazar Vega
To inform case definition for neck/shoulder pain in epidemiological research, we compared levels of disability, patterns of association, and prognosis for pain that was limited to the neck or shoulders (LNSP) and more generalised musculoskeletal pain that involved the neck or shoulder(s) (GPNS). Baseline data on musculoskeletal pain, disability, and potential correlates were collected by questionnaire from 12,195 workers in 47 occupational groups (mostly office workers, nurses, and manual workers) in 18 countries (response rate = 70%)...
May 2016: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26637644/disability-trajectories-in-patients-with-complaints-of-arm-neck-and-shoulder-cans-in-primary-care-prospective-cohort-study
#18
Harald S Miedema, Anita Feleus, Sita M A Bierma-Zeinstra, Trynke Hoekstra, Alex Burdorf, Bart W Koes
BACKGROUND: Nontraumatic complaints of arm, neck, and shoulder (CANS) represent an important health issue, with a high prevalence in the general working age population and huge economic impact. Nevertheless, only few prospective cohort studies for the outcome of CANS are available. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to identify disability trajectories and associated prognostic factors during a 2-year follow-up of patients with a new episode of CANS in primary care...
July 2016: Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26612236/psychological-and-psychosocial-determinants-of-musculoskeletal-pain-and-associated-disability
#19
REVIEW
Sergio Vargas-Prada, David Coggon
Although much attention has been given to the physical determinants of common musculoskeletal complaints such as back and arm pain, research points to a stronger influence of psychological factors. Multiple studies have implicated poor mental health and somatisation (a tendency to worry about the common somatic symptoms) in the incidence and chronicity of musculoskeletal pain and associated disability. Also important are adverse beliefs about the prognosis of such disorders, and about the role of physical activity in their development and persistence...
June 2015: Best Practice & Research. Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26608634/specialised-teams-or-personal-continuity-across-inpatient-and-outpatient-mental-healthcare-study-protocol-for-a-natural-experiment
#20
Domenico Giacco, Victoria Jane Bird, Paul McCrone, Vincent Lorant, Pablo Nicaise, Andrea Pfennig, Michael Bauer, Mirella Ruggeri, Antonio Lasalvia, Jacek Moskalewicz, Marta Welbel, Stefan Priebe
INTRODUCTION: Mental healthcare organisation can either pursue specialisation, that is, distinct clinicians and teams for inpatient and outpatient care or personal continuity of care, that is, the same primary clinician for a patient across the two settings. Little systematic research has compared these approaches. Existing studies subject have serious methodological shortcomings. Yet, costly reorganisations of services have been carried out in different European countries, inconsistently aiming to achieve specialisation or personal continuity of care...
2015: BMJ Open
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