keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Somatization children

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105764/supporting-women-with-postpartum-anxiety-exploring-views-and-experiences-of-specialist-community-public-health-nurses-in-the-uk
#1
Miriam T Ashford, Susan Ayers, Ellinor K Olander
Anxiety is common among postpartum women and can have adverse effects on mother's and child's somatic and psychological health if left untreated. In the UK, nurses or midwifes with a specialisation in community public health nursing, also called health visitors (HVs), work with families who have children younger than 5 years of age and are therefore in a key position to identify and support women with postpartum mental health issues. Until recently, postpartum mental health support provided by HVs mainly focused on identifying and managing depression, but the updated clinical guidance by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence also includes guidance regarding screening and psychological interventions for perinatal anxiety...
January 20, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099397/the-effects-of-attention-problems-on-psychosocial-functioning-in-childhood-brain-tumor-survivors-a-2-year-postcraniospinal-irradiation-follow-up
#2
Yunhye Oh, Hyunjung Seo, Ki Woong Sung, Yoo Sook Joung
OBJECTIVE: To examine the psychosocial outcomes and impact of attention problems in survivors of pediatric brain tumor. STUDY DESIGN: The survivors' cognitive functioning was measured using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children. The Child Behavior Checklist-Attention Problems scale was used to screen for attention problems, and participants were classified as having attention problems (n=15) or normal attention (n=36). Psychosocial functioning was examined with the Korean Personality Rating scale for Children (K-PRC) at precraniospinal radiation and at 2-year follow-up...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Hematology/oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097802/genomic-analysis-and-clinical-management-of-adolescent-cutaneous-melanoma
#3
Roy Rabbie, Mamun Rashid, Ana M Arance, Marcelo Sánchez, Gemma Tell-Marti, Miriam Potrony, Carles Conill, Remco van Doorn, Stefan Dentro, Nellele A Gruis, Pippa Corrie, Vivek Iyer, Carla Daniela Robles-Espinoza, Joan A Puig-Butille, Susana Puig, David J Adams
Melanoma in young children is rare, however its incidence in adolescents and young adults is rising. We describe the clinical course of a 15-year-old female diagnosed with AJCC stage IB non-ulcerated primary melanoma, who died from metastatic disease four years after diagnosis despite three lines of modern systemic therapy. We also present the complete genomic profile of her tumour and compare this to a further series of 13 adolescent melanomas, and 275 adult cutaneous melanomas. A somatic BRAF(V)(600E) mutation and a high mutational load equivalent to that found in adult melanoma, and composed primarily of C>T mutations was observed...
January 17, 2017: Pigment Cell & Melanoma Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28092323/brain-substrates-of-reward-processing-and-the-%C3%AE-opioid-receptor-a-pathway-into-pain
#4
Frauke Nees, Susanne Becker, Sabina Millenet, Tobias Banaschewski, Luise Poustka, Arun Bokde, Uli Bromberg, Christian Büchel, Patricia J Conrod, Sylvane Desrivières, Vincent Frouin, Jürgen Gallinat, Hugh Garavan, Andreas Heinz, Bernd Ittermann, Jean-Luc Martinot, Dimitri Papadopoulos Orfanos, Tomáš Paus, Michael N Smolka, Henrik Walter, Rob Whelan, Gunter Schumann, Herta Flor
The processing of reward and reinforcement learning seems to be important determinants of pain chronicity. However, reward processing is already altered early in life and if this is related to the development of pain symptoms later on is not known. The aim of this study was first to examine whether behavioural and brain-related indicators of reward processing at the age of 14 to 15 years are significant predictors of pain complaints 2 years later, at 16 to 17 years. Second, we investigated the contribution of genetic variations in the opioidergic system, which is linked to the processing of both, reward and pain, to this prediction...
February 2017: Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080303/the-development-of-a-cross-modal-sense-of-body-ownership
#5
Elena Nava, Nadia Bolognini, Chiara Turati
In this study, we investigated the contribution of tactile and proprioceptive cues to the development of the sense of body ownership by testing the susceptibility of 4- to 5-year-old children, 8- to 9-year-old children, and adults to the somatic rubber-hand illusion (SRHI). We found that feelings of owning a rubber hand in the SHRI paradigm, as assessed by explicit reports (i.e., questionnaire), are already present by age 4 and do not change throughout development. In contrast, the effect of the illusion on the sense of hand position, as assessed by a pointing task, was present only in 8- to 9-year-old children and adults; the magnitude of such capture increased with age...
January 1, 2017: Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078450/genome-wide-methylation-profiles-in-primary-intracranial-germ-cell-tumors-indicate-a-primordial-germ-cell-origin-for-germinomas
#6
Shintaro Fukushima, Satoshi Yamashita, Hisato Kobayashi, Hirokazu Takami, Kohei Fukuoka, Taishi Nakamura, Kai Yamasaki, Yuko Matsushita, Hiromi Nakamura, Yasushi Totoki, Mamoru Kato, Tomonari Suzuki, Kazuhiko Mishima, Takaaki Yanagisawa, Akitake Mukasa, Nobuhito Saito, Masayuki Kanamori, Toshihiro Kumabe, Teiji Tominaga, Motoo Nagane, Toshihiko Iuchi, Koji Yoshimoto, Masahiro Mizoguchi, Kaoru Tamura, Keiichi Sakai, Kazuhiko Sugiyama, Mitsutoshi Nakada, Kiyotaka Yokogami, Hideo Takeshima, Yonehiro Kanemura, Masahide Matsuda, Akira Matsumura, Kazuhiko Kurozumi, Keisuke Ueki, Masahiro Nonaka, Akio Asai, Nobutaka Kawahara, Yuichi Hirose, Tatusya Takayama, Yoichi Nakazato, Yoshitaka Narita, Tatsuhiro Shibata, Masao Matsutani, Toshikazu Ushijima, Ryo Nishikawa, Koichi Ichimura
Intracranial germ cell tumors (iGCTs) are the second most common brain tumors among children under 14 in Japan. The World Health Organization classification recognizes several subtypes of iGCTs, which are conventionally subclassified into pure germinoma or non-germinomatous GCTs. Recent exhaustive genomic studies showed that mutations of the genes involved in the MAPK and/or PI3K pathways are common in iGCTs; however, the mechanisms of how different subtypes develop, often as a mixed-GCT, are unknown. To elucidate the pathogenesis of iGCTs, we investigated 61 GCTs of various subtypes by genome-wide DNA methylation profiling...
January 11, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070867/analytical-modeling-for-computing-lead-stress-in-a-novel-epicardial-micropacemaker
#7
Li Zhou, Yaniv Bar-Cohen, Raymond A Peck, Giorgio V Chirikian, Brett Harwin, Ramen H Chmait, Jay D Pruetz, Michael J Silka, Gerald E Loeb
Implantation and maintenance of a permanent cardiac pacing system in children remains challenging due to small patient size, congenital heart defects and somatic growth. We are developing a novel epicardial micropacemaker for children that can be implanted on the epicardium within the pericardial space via a minimally-invasive technique. The key design configurations include a novel open-coiled lead in which living tissue replaces the usual polymeric support for the coiled conductor. To better understand and be able to predict the behavior of the implanted lead, we performed a radiographic image-based modeling study on a chronic animal test...
January 9, 2017: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058729/role-of-the-attachment-style-in-determining-the-association-between-headache-features-and-psychological-symptoms-in-migraine-children-and-adolescents-an-analytical-observational-case-control-study
#8
Samuela Tarantino, Cristiana De Ranieri, Cecilia Dionisi, Valentina Gagliardi, Maria Francesca Paniccia, Alessandro Capuano, Roberto Frusciante, Martina Balestri, Federico Vigevano, Simonetta Gentile, Massimiliano Valeriani
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study the role of attachment style on headache severity and psychological symptoms in migraineurs children/adolescents. Moreover, we investigated the association between attachment style, migraine severity, and psychological symptoms. BACKGROUND: Attachment theory suggests that early interpersonal relationships may be important determinants of psychopathology and pain management. In particular, individuals with insecure attachment styles have been shown to experience more pain than people with secure attachment style...
January 6, 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055288/eveningness-as-a-risk-for-behavioral-problems-in-late-adolescence
#9
Ilona Merikanto, Anu-Katriina Pesonen, Liisa Kuula, Jari Lahti, Kati Heinonen, Eero Kajantie, Katri Räikkönen
Circadian preference toward eveningness has been associated with increased risk for mental health problems both in early adolescence and in adulthood. However, in late adolescence, when circadian rhythm naturally shifts to later, its significance for mental health is not clear. Accordingly, we studied how circadian rhythm estimated both by self-reported chronotype and by actigraph-defined midpoint of sleep was associated with self-reported psychiatric problems based on Youth Self Report (YSR). The study builds on a community cohort born in 1998, Helsinki, Finland...
January 5, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052403/somatic-symptom-disorder-was-common-in-children-and-adolescents-attending-an-emergency-department-complaining-of-pain
#10
Giorgio Cozzi, Marta Minute, Aldo Skabar, Angela Pirrone, Mohamad Jaber, Elena Neri, Marcella Montico, Alessandro Ventura, Egidio Barbi
AIM: The aim of this study was to quantify the prevalence of somatic pain in a paediatric emergency department. METHODS: We conducted a prospective observational study using patients admitted to the emergency department of an Italian children's hospital between December 2014 and February 2015. We enrolled children aged seven to 17 who turned up at the emergency department complaining of pain. Patients and parents were asked to fill in a questionnaire to allow the analysis of the patients' medical history and provide contact details for follow up...
January 4, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028042/mental-disorders-in-deaf-and-hard-of-hearing-adult-outpatients-a-comparison-of-linguistic-subgroups
#11
Beate Øhre, Maj Volden, Erik Falkum, Stephen von Tetzchner
Deaf and hard of hearing (DHH) individuals who use signed language and those who use spoken language face different challenges and stressors. Accordingly, the profile of their mental problems may also differ. However, studies of mental disorders in this population have seldom differentiated between linguistic groups. Our study compares demographics, mental disorders, and levels of distress and functioning in 40 patients using Norwegian Sign Language (NSL) and 36 patients using spoken language. Assessment instruments were translated into NSL...
January 2017: Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28019016/talking-with-young-children-about-concussions-an-exploratory-study
#12
E Kroshus, D Gillard, J Haarbauer-Krupa, R E Goldman, D S Bickham
BACKGROUND: Concussion education for children early in their participation in organized sport may help shape lasting attitudes about concussion safety. However, existing programming and research focus on older ages. METHODS: Qualitative interviews about concussions were conducted with twenty children between the ages of six and eight. Structural, descriptive and pattern coding were used to organize the transcribed interviews and identify emergent themes. RESULTS: Eighteen of the participants indicated that they had heard of the word concussion, with 12 describing the injury as related to the brain or head...
December 25, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018262/the-relationship-between-emotion-comprehension-and-internalizing-and-externalizing-behavior-in-7-to-10-year-old-children
#13
Ariane Göbel, Anne Henning, Corina Möller, Gisa Aschersleben
The influence of internalizing and externalizing problems on children's understanding of others' emotions has mainly been investigated on basic levels of emotion comprehension. So far, studies assessing more sophisticated levels of emotion comprehension reported deficits in the ability to understand others' emotions in children with severe internalizing or externalizing symptoms. The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between emotion comprehension and interindividual differences, with a focus on internalizing and externalizing behavior in children aged 7-10 years from the general population...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995570/hydrodynamic-assessment-of-aortic-valves-prepared-from-porcine-small-intestinal-submucosa
#14
Sharan Ramaswamy, Makensley Lordeus, Omkar V Mankame, Lilliam Valdes-Cruz, Steven Bibevski, Sarah M Bell, Ivan Baez, Frank Scholl
Infants and children born with severe cardiac valve lesions have no effective long term treatment options since currently available tissue or mechanical prosthetic valves have sizing limitations and no avenue to accommodate the growth of the pediatric patient. Tissue engineered heart valves (TEHVs) which could provide for growth, self-repair, infection resistance, and long-term replacement could be an ideal solution. Porcine small intestinal submucosa (PSIS) has recently emerged as a potentially attractive bioscaffold for TEHVs...
December 19, 2016: Cardiovascular Engineering and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978600/social-educational-and-vocational-outcomes-in-patients-with-childhood-onset-and-young-adult-onset-growth-hormone-deficiency
#15
M Tanya Mitra, Peter Jönsson, Ann-Charlotte Åkerblad, Peter Clayton, Maria Kołtowska-Häggström, Márta Korbonits, Andy Toogood, Helena Gleeson
OBJECTIVE: Hypopituitarism diagnosed in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood has the potential to affect growth and somatic development. Less is known about the impact of such a diagnosis on other aspects of development. DESIGN: An analysis of the KIMS Database (Pfizer International Metabolic Database) was performed to explore social, educational and vocational outcomes of adult patients diagnosed in childhood, adolescence and young adulthood compared with adult-onset controls...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27978580/toilet-phobia-and-toilet-refusal-in-children
#16
Catharina Wagner, Justine Niemczyk, Alexander von Gontard
Objective: Toilet refusal syndrome (TRS) is a common disorder in toddlers, defined by use of diapers and refusal of toilet for defecation, while toilet phobia (TP) is a rare disorder in which toilets are avoided completely. Both disorders have not been described systematically in children, yet. Therefore, the aim was to present typical case vignettes illustrating different clinical presentations of TP and TRS. Methods: 5 typical cases were selected from all patients presented at a specialized outpatient clinic for incontinence at a tertiary university hospital during the last 3 years...
December 15, 2016: Klinische Pädiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969569/biology-and-treatment-of-renal-tumours-in-childhood
#17
REVIEW
Jesper Brok, Taryn D Treger, Saskia L Gooskens, Marry M van den Heuvel-Eibrink, Kathy Pritchard-Jones
In Europe, almost 1000 children are diagnosed with a malignant renal tumour each year. The vast majority of cases are nephroblastoma, also known as Wilms' tumour (WT). Most children are treated according to Société Internationale d'Oncologie Pédiatrique Renal Tumour Study Group (SIOP-RTSG) protocols with pre-operative chemotherapy, surgery, and post-operative treatment dependent on stage and histology. Overall survival approaches 90%, but a subgroup of WT, with high-risk histology and/or relapsed disease, still have a much poorer prognosis...
October 28, 2016: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941580/an-attachment-based-model-of-the-relationship-between-childhood-adversity-and-somatization-in-children-and-adults
#18
Robert G Maunder Md, Jonathan J Hunter, Leslie Atkinson, Meir Steiner, Ashley Wazana, Alison Fleming, Ellen Moss, Helene Gaudreau, Michael Meaney, Robert D Levitan
OBJECTIVE: An attachment model was used to understand how maternal sensitivity and adverse childhood experiences are related to somatization. METHODS: We examined maternal sensitivity at 6 and 18 months and somatization at 5 years in 292 children in a longitudinal cohort study. We next examined attachment insecurity and somatization (health anxiety, physical symptoms) in four adult cohorts: healthy primary care patients (AC1, n=67), ulcerative colitis in remission (AC2, n = 100), hospital workers (AC3, n=157), and paramedics (AC4, n=188)...
December 9, 2016: Psychosomatic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933089/a-rare-inherited-15q11-2-q13-1-interstitial-duplication-with-maternal-somatic-mosaicism-renal-carcinoma-and-autism
#19
Nora Urraca, Brian Potter, Rachel Hundley, Eniko K Pivnick, Kathryn McVicar, Ronald L Thibert, Christopher Ledbetter, Reed Chamberlain, Leticia Miravalle, Carissa L Sirois, Stormy Chamberlain, Lawrence T Reiter
Chromosome 15q11-q13.1 duplication is a common copy number variant associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Most cases are de novo, maternal in origin and fully penetrant for ASD. Here, we describe a unique family with an interstitial 15q11.2-q13.1 maternal duplication and the presence of somatic mosaicism in the mother. She is typically functioning, but formal autism testing showed mild ASD. She had several congenital anomalies, and she is the first 15q Duplication case reported in the literature to develop unilateral renal carcinoma...
2016: Frontiers in Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927843/risk-of-childhood-mortality-in-family-members-of-men-with-poor-semen-quality
#20
Heidi A Hanson, Erik N Mayer, Ross E Anderson, Kenneth I Aston, Douglas T Carrell, Justin Berger, William T Lowrance, Ken R Smith, James M Hotaling
STUDY QUESTION: What is the familial childhood mortality in first-degree (FDR) and second-degree relatives (SDR) of patients undergoing semen analysis (SA)? SUMMARY ANSWER: The relationship between infertility and congenital malformations (CM) in offspring is complex, with an increased risk of death due to CM in FDR, but not SDR, of men with lower semen parameters. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: Semen quality is an established predictor of men's somatic health...
January 2017: Human Reproduction
keyword
keyword
42994
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"