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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811173/prenatal-exposure-to-pyrethroid-pesticides-and-childhood-behavior-and-executive-functioning
#1
Melissa A Furlong, Dana Boyd Barr, Mary S Wolff, Stephanie M Engel
Several previous studies of pyrethroid biomarkers and behavior have reported associations between concurrent pyrethroid levels and adverse behavioral problems in children. One geospatial study reported associations between prenatal exposure to pyrethroids and autism. However, the association between prenatal pyrethroid biomarkers and childhood behavior is unknown. The Mount Sinai Children's Environmental Health Center is a prospective birth cohort with urinary pyrethroid biomarkers during pregnancy and behavioral measurements at 4, 6, and 7-9 years of age...
August 12, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28780709/stent-therapy-for-aortic-coarctation-in-children-30%C3%A2-kg-use-of-the-low-profile-valeo-stent
#2
Sok-Leng Kang, Andrew Tometzki, Demetris Taliotis, Robin Martin
To report our experience of coarctation stent therapy in small children weighing less than 30 kg, with the low profile dilatable Valeo stent and review the literature on coarctation stent therapy in this patient population. Coarctation stent implantation was undertaken in 14 consecutive children using the Bard Valeo Stent. Demographic, angiographic, echocardiographic and clinical data were reviewed retrospectively. The median age at the time of procedure was 5.1 (2.6-7.5) years and median weight was 20.8 (14...
August 5, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766782/predicting-normative-and-problematic-family-pathways-to-the-transition-to-siblinghood-commentary-on-volling-et-al-s-monograph
#3
Nina Howe
Volling et al.'s monograph provides a rich, thoughtful, and rigorous account of how the transition to siblinghood is experienced by the first-born child and the family. In their comprehensive longitudinal study, they followed 241 families from the prenatal period before the second-born's birth until this child was 12-months old. Siblings are a critical, but understudied, relationship in children's development; the challenges posed in researching sibling dynamics in the context of the family are discussed. Prior psychodynamic and developmental research literature is critiqued, which places the current study into perspective and indicates the important theoretical frameworks (i...
September 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766780/ix-developmental-trajectories-of-children-s-somatic-complaints-after-the-birth-of-a-sibling
#4
Emma Beyers-Carlson, Matthew M Stevenson, Richard Gonzalez, Wonjung Oh, Brenda L Volling, Tianyi Yu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2017: Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759569/proposed-equations-and-reference-values-for-calculating-bone-health-in-children-and-adolescent-based-on-age-and-sex
#5
Rossana Gómez-Campos, Cynthia Lee Andruske, Miguel de Arruda, Camilo Urra Albornoz, Marco Cossio-Bolaños
BACKGROUND: The Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry (DXA) is the gold standard for measuring BMD and bone mineral content (BMC). In general, DXA is ideal for pediatric use. However, the development of specific standards for particular geographic regions limits its use and application for certain socio-cultural contexts. Additionally, the anthropometry may be a low cost and easy to use alternative method in epidemiological contexts. The goal of our study was to develop regression equations for predicting bone health of children and adolescents based on anthropometric indicators to propose reference values based on age and sex...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759502/quadratus-lumborum-block-versus-transversus-abdominis-plane-block-in-children-undergoing-low-abdominal-surgery-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
Gözen Öksüz, Bora Bilal, Yavuz Gürkan, Aykut Urfalioğlu, Mahmut Arslan, Gökçe Gişi, Hafize Öksüz
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Truncal blocks have a place within multimodal analgesia techniques in abdominal surgery. The quadratus lumborum block is a new abdominal truncal block used for somatic analgesia of both the upper and lower abdomen. In this prospective, double-blind, randomized study, we aimed to compare quadratus lumborum block and transversus abdominis plane block in pediatric patients undergoing lower abdominal surgery. METHODS: Fifty-three children undergoing unilateral inguinal hernia repair or orchiopexy surgery were randomized into 2 groups: transversus abdominis plane block and quadratus lumborum block...
July 27, 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748333/evaluation-of-motor-skills-in-children-with-rubinstein-taybi-syndrome
#7
Jean René Cazalets, Emma Bestaven, Emilie Doat, Marie Pierre Baudier, Cécile Gallot, Anouck Amestoy, Manuel Bouvard, Etienne Guillaud, Isabelle Guillain, Emelyne Grech, Julien Van-Gils, Patricia Fergelot, Sonia Fraisse, Emmanuelle Taupiac, Benoit Arveiler, Didier Lacombe
Rubinstein-Taybi syndrome (RTS) is a rare genetic disease that associates intellectual disability with somatic characteristics. We have conducted a study of the overall motor abilities of RTS participants. Static postural performance as well as gait parameters were somewhat decreased, although not significantly compared to typically developing (TD) participants. In contrast, the motor skills requiring a high level of visuomotor coordination were considerably degraded in RTS participants compared to TD participants...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746403/change-in-children-s-school-behavior-after-mass-administration-of-praziquantel-for-schistosoma-mansoni-infection-in-endemic-areas-of-western-kenya-a-pilot-study-using-the-behavioral-assessment-system-for-children-basc-2
#8
Rosemary Musuva, Ye Shen, Xianjue Wei, Sue Binder, Julianne A Ivy, W Evan Secor, Susan P Montgomery, Charles H King, Pauline N M Mwinzi
BACKGROUND: Schistosomiasis is a parasite-related chronic inflammatory condition that can cause anemia, decreased growth, liver abnormalities, and deficits in cognitive functioning among children. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This study used the Behavior Assessment System for Children (BASC-2) to collect data on thirty-six 9-12 year old school-attending children's behavioral profiles in an Schistosoma mansoni-endemic area of western Kenya, before and after treatment with praziquantel for S...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737570/clinical-presentation-of-acute-gastroenteritis-in-children-with-functional-abdominal-pain-disorders
#9
Miguel Saps, Stijn Mintjens, Cenk K Pusatcioglu, Daniel M Cohen, Petra Sternberg
Visceral hypersensitivity and abnormal coping are common in children with functional abdominal pain disorders (FAPDs). Thus, it would be expected that children with visceral hypersensitivity would report more pain if their gut is acutely inflamed. The aim of the study was to compare clinical symptoms and somatization of children with and without FAPDs at time of an episode of acute gastroenteritis. Seventy children with acute gastroenteritis and their parents completed the Rome III Diagnostic Questionnaire for Pediatric Functional GI Disorders and the Children's Somatization Inventory...
August 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728760/adhd-and-everyday-life-healthcare-as-a-significant-lifeline
#10
Britt Laugesen, Marlene Briciet Lauritsen, Rikke Jørgensen, Erik Elgaard Sørensen, Mette Grønkjær, Philippa Rasmussen
AIM: The aim of this qualitative study was to explore parental experiences of how healthcare practices and healthcare professionals in hospital clinics in Denmark influence everyday life of parents with a child with ADHD. DESIGN AND METHODS: The methodology was focused ethnography. Participant observation and interviews were used as the primary data collection methods. Fifteen families of children with ADHD were included from somatic and psychiatric hospital clinics...
July 2017: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727724/grandmothering-and-cognitive-resources-are-required-for-the-emergence-of-menopause-and-extensive-post-reproductive-lifespan
#11
Carla Aimé, Jean-Baptiste André, Michel Raymond
Menopause, the permanent cessation of ovulation, occurs in humans well before the end of the expected lifespan, leading to an extensive post-reproductive period which remains a puzzle for evolutionary biologists. All human populations display this particularity; thus, it is difficult to empirically evaluate the conditions for its emergence. In this study, we used artificial neural networks to model the emergence and evolution of allocation decisions related to reproduction in simulated populations. When allocation decisions were allowed to freely evolve, both menopause and extensive post-reproductive life-span emerged under some ecological conditions...
July 2017: PLoS Computational Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721547/the-effect-on-somatic-growth-of-surgical-and-catheter-treatment-of-secundum-atrial-septal-defects
#12
Meghan M Chlebowski, Hongying Dai, Stephen F Kaine
Historical studies suggest an association between atrial septal defect (ASD) and impaired growth with inconsistent improvement following closure. Limited data exist regarding the impact on growth in the era of transcatheter therapy. To evaluate the effect of closure on growth, we conducted a retrospective review of patients undergoing surgical or transcatheter closure during two time periods. Four hundred patients with isolated secundum ASD were divided into three cohorts: early surgical, contemporary surgical, and transcatheter...
July 18, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693369/subjective-health-complaints-and-exposure-to-peer-victimization-among-disabled-and-non-disabled-adolescents-a-population-based-study-in-sweden
#13
Maria Fridh, Marie Köhler, Birgit Modén, Martin Lindström, Maria Rosvall
AIMS: To investigate subjective health complaints (SHCs) (psychological and somatic, respectively) among disabled and non-disabled adolescents, focusing on the impact of traditional bullying and cyber harassment, and furthermore to report psychological and somatic SHCs across different types of disability. METHODS: Data from the public health survey of children and adolescents in Scania, Sweden, 2012 was used. A questionnaire was answered anonymously in school by 9791 students in the 9th grade (response rate 83%), and 7533 of these with valid answers on key questions were included in this study...
July 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693124/pediatric-toxic-polycystic-thyroid
#14
Janeil M Belle, Nektarios Vasilottos, Todd D Nebesio, Benjamin C James
BACKGROUND: Polycystic thyroid disease (PCTD) is a rare condition and has been described in adults in the setting of subclinical and clinical hypothyroidism. We present the first known case of a pediatric patient with diffuse macrocystic degeneration of the thyroid. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 6-year-old previously healthy patient was evaluated after presenting with a 16-month history of an enlarging polycystic thyroid and hyperthyroidism. Markers of autoimmune thyroid disease including thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibody, thyroid peroxidase antibody and thyroglobulin antibody were negative...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689437/the-effect-of-antiepileptic-drugs-on-the-kidney-function-and-structure
#15
Sherifa Ahmed Hamed
Long-term use of antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) is associated with number of somatic conditions. Data from experimental, cross-sectional and prospective studies have evidence for the deleterious effect of some AEDs on the kidney. Areas covered: This review summarized the current knowledge of the effect of AEDs on the kidney including evidence and mechanisms. Fanconi syndrome was reported with valproate (VPA) therapy in severely disabled children with epilepsy. Renal tubular acidosis and urolithiasis were reported with acetazolamide, topirmate and zonisamide, drugs with carbonic anhydrase inhibition properties...
July 26, 2017: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675045/association-between-quality-of-life-of-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-and-parents-illness-perception-as-evaluated-by-adolescents
#16
Johanna Terrasson, Florence Terrade, Alain Somat, Sylvie Nivot-Adamiak, Marie-Aline Guitteny, Marc de Kerdanet
Children and adolescents account for half of all cases of type 1 diabetes, which is one of the most common pediatric chronic diseases. The disease's effects and the treatment/disease-management protocols patients must follow can lead to a marked deterioration in quality of life, especially for adolescents. Patients' illness perceptions have been shown to impact their quality of life, but do other people's illness perceptions also have an effect? The present study addressed this question by investigating possible links between the quality of life of adolescent patients with type 1 diabetes and illness perceptions, measured in terms of the adolescents' self-perceptions, parents' self-perceptions, and the adolescents' evaluations of their parents' perceptions...
July 4, 2017: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674760/medical-comorbidities-in-children-and-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders-and-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorders-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Jet B Muskens, Fleur P Velders, Wouter G Staal
Somatic disorders occur more often in adult psychiatric patients than in the general adult population. However, in child and adolescent psychiatry this association is unclear, mainly due to a lack of integration of existing data. To address this issue, we here present a systematic review on medical comorbidity in the two major developmental disorders autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and formulate clinical recommendations. The literature was searched using the PubMed and PsycINFO databases (2000-1 May 2016) with the keywords "[((child and adolescent) AND (Autism OR Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder* OR ADHD)) AND ("Cardiovascular Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Endocrine System Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Immune System Diseases" [Mesh] OR "Neurobehavioral Manifestations" [Mesh] OR "Gastrointestinal Disorders" [Mesh] OR Somatic OR Autoimmune disease OR Nervous system disease OR Infection OR Infectious disease)]...
July 3, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672775/pediatric-toxic-polycystic-thyroid
#18
Janeil M Belle, Nektarios Vasilottos, Todd D Nebesio, Benjamin C James
BACKGROUND: Polycystic thyroid disease (PCTD) is a rare condition and has been described in adults in the setting of subclinical and clinical hypothyroidism. We present the first known case of a pediatric patient with diffuse macrocystic degeneration of the thyroid. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 6-year-old previously healthy patient was evaluated after presenting with a 16-month history of an enlarging polycystic thyroid and hyperthyroidism. Markers of autoimmune thyroid disease including thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI), thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) receptor antibody, thyroid peroxidase antibody and thyroglobulin antibody were negative...
July 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670125/risk-factors-for-the-existence-of-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-symptoms-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#19
Anna Linda Lamanna, Francesco Craig, Emilia Matera, Marta Simone, Maura Buttiglione, Lucia Margari
Over the years, several authors have reported symptoms of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in patients with autism spectrum disorders (ASD); however, studies on the risk factors of ADHD symptoms in children with ASD are lacking. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to identify the risk factors for the development of ADHD symptoms in children with ASD. The sample consisted of 67 children with ASD who were assessed with Conner's Parent Rating Scale-Revised (CPRS-R), and with a semi-structured detailed interview administered to parents, to collect a series of clinical data such as coexisting somatic and neuropsychiatric problems and familial and pre/peri/postpartum risk factors...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666664/young-infants-with-severe-tetralogy-of-fallot-early-primary-surgery-versus-transcatheter-palliation
#20
Travis J Wilder, Glen S Van Arsdell, Lee Benson, Eric Pham-Hung, Michael Gritti, Alexandra Page, Christopher A Caldarone, Edward J Hickey
BACKGROUND: Infants with severe tetralogy of Fallot may undergo (1) early primary surgical repair (EARLY) or (2) early transcatheter palliation (CATH) before delayed surgical repair. We compared these strategies with (3) elective single-stage tetralogy of Fallot repair (IDEAL). METHODS: From 2000 to 2012, 453 children underwent tetralogy of Fallot repair (excluding systemic-pulmonary shunts), including 383 in the IDEAL (75%), 42 in the EARLY (9%), and 28 in the CATH (6%) groups...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
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