Read by QxMD icon Read


Megan Li, Flora Mulkey, Chen Jiang, Bert H O'Neill, Bryan P Schneider, Fei Shen, Paula N Friedman, Yukihide Momozawa, Michiaki Kubo, Donna Niedzwiecki, Howard S Hochster, Heinz-Josef Lenz, James N Atkins, Hope S Rugo, Susan Halabi, William K Kelly, Howard L McLeod, Federico Innocenti, Mark J Ratain, Alan Venook, Kouros Owzar, Deanna Kroetz
PURPOSE: Bevacizumab is a VEGF-specific angiogenesis inhibitor indicated as an adjunct to chemotherapy for the treatment of multiple cancers. Hypertension is commonly observed during bevacizumab treatment, and high-grade toxicity can limit therapy or lead to cardiovascular complications. The factors that contribute to interindividual variability in blood pressure rise during bevacizumab treatment are not well understood. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: To identify genomic regions associated with bevacizumab-induced hypertension risk, sequencing of candidate genes and flanking regulatory regions was performed on 61 bevacizumab-treated patients (19 cases developed early-onset grade 3 hypertension and 42 controls had no reported hypertension in the first six cycles of treatment)...
June 5, 2018: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Chaiyachet Nanok, Patcharee Jearanaikoon, Siriporn Proungvitaya, Temduang Limpaiboon
Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is the most common primary liver cancer in Northeastern Thailand where liver fluke infection is highly endemic. Although aberrant DNA methylation in CCA has been reported by several investigators, little is known regarding the associations between them. In the present study, the results obtained from our previously published methylation array were analyzed and 10 candidate genes involved in DNA repair [protein phosphatase 4 catalytic subunit (PPP4C)], apoptosis [runt related transcription factor 3 (RUNX3), interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4), ubiquitin C‑terminal hydrolase L1 (UCHL1) and tumor protein p53 inducible protein 3 (TP53I3)], cell proliferation [cyclin D2 (CCND2) and Ras association domain family member 1 (RASSF1)], drug metabolism [aldehyde dehydrogenase 1 family member A3 (ALDH1A3) and solute carrier family 29 member 1 (SLC29A1)] and angiogenesis [human immunodeficiency virus‑1 tat interactive protein 2 (HTATIP2)] were selected for quantification of their methylation levels in 54 CCA and 19 adjacent normal tissues using methylation‑sensitive high‑resolution melting...
March 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
Hai-Xia Cao, Chao-Feng Miao, Liang Yan, Ping Tang, Li-Rong Zhang, Ling Sun
BACKGROUND: Gene polymorphisms at microRNA-binding sites (poly-miRTS) may affect gene transcription and expression through miRNA regulation, which is associated with cancer susceptibility, sensitivity to chemotherapy and prognosis. This study investigated the association between poly-miRTS of Ara-C/anthracycline metabolic pathways genes and the outcome of acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in Chinese patients after Ara-C-based chemotherapy. METHODS: A total of 17 poly-miRTS were selected from the SNPinfo Web Server and genotyped in 206 Chinese Han non-FAB-M3 AML patients using the SEQUENOM Mass-ARRAY system...
November 15, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
Fei Chen, Eva P Szymanski, Kenneth N Olivier, Xinyue Liu, Hervé Tettelin, Steven M Holland, Priya Duggal
RATIONALE: Pulmonary nontuberculous mycobacterial disease (PNTM) often affects white postmenopausal women, with a tall and lean body habitus and higher rates of scoliosis, pectus excavatum, mitral valve prolapse, and mutations in the CFTR gene. These clinical features and the familial clustering of the disease suggest an underlying genetic mechanism. OBJECTIVES: To map the genes associated with PNTM, whole-exome sequencing was conducted in 12 PNTM families and 57 sporadic cases recruited at the National Institutes of Health Clinical Center during 2001-2013...
December 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Jessica Cusato, Lucio Boglione, Amedeo De Nicolò, Chiara Simona Cardellino, Chiara Carcieri, Giuseppe Cariti, Giovanni Di Perri, Antonio D'Avolio
AIM: Mixed cryoglobulinemia (MC) is an extra hepatic hepatitis C virus related problem and different studies suggested genetics' role in predicting this complication. We evaluated the influence of SNPs in IL-28B, SLC29A1, SLC28A2, NT5C2, HNF4 and ABCB1 genes in MC prediction. PATIENTS & METHODS: SNPs were evaluated through real-time PCR. RESULTS:  ABCB1 (gene encoding P-glycoprotein) 3435C>T SNP was associated with MC presence (p = 0...
May 2017: Pharmacogenomics
Ragia H Ghoneim, Dea Kojovic, Micheline Piquette-Miller
BACKGROUND: Inflammatory responses in HIV (+) patients may be exacerbated due to reports of subclinical endotoxemia and existing immune dysregulation. As inflammation has been reported to mediate changes in the expression of transporters, this could be potentiated in pregnant HIV (+) women. Similar to humans, the HIV-Tg rat model develops immune dysregulation and chronic AIDS-like conditions. Our objective was to examine the expression of placental drug transporters in HIV-Tg rats in response to low-dose endotoxin...
May 1, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
Y Liu, T Zuo, X Zhu, N Ahuja, T Fu
Human equilibrative nucleoside transporters (hENT) 1 and 2, encoded by SLC29A1 and SLC29A2, permit the bidirectional passage of nucleoside analogues into cells and may correlate with clinical responses to chemotherapy in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). The purpose of this study was to evaluate the expression profiles of SLC29A1 and SLC29A2 in human cancer cell lines. Using quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, we comprehensively profiled the transcription levels of SLC29A1 and SLC29A2 in 16 colon cancer cell lines...
February 16, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
Rabab Fouad, Khaled Zachariah, Marwa Khairy, Mervat Khorshied, Wafaa Ezzat, Marwa M Sheta, Ahmed Heiba
Ribavirin clearly plays a role in chronic hepatitis C treatment response. The equilibrative nucleoside transporter-1 codified by SLC29A1 gene has been associated with ribavirin uptake into hepatocytes and erythrocytes. rs760370A>G single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) at the SLC29A1 gene may have a role in ribavirin-based regimen treatment response. Accuracy of the polymerase-chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR-RFLP) assay compared with the TaqMan assay for the detection of the SNP rs760370 at the main ribavirin transporter gene and its relation to sustained virological response in chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) patients treated with pegylated interferon-ribavirin therapy...
February 2017: Journal of Interferon & Cytokine Research
Anastasiya Vladimirovna Snezhkina, George Sergeevich Krasnov, Andrew Rostislavovich Zaretsky, Alex Zhavoronkov, Kirill Mikhailovich Nyushko, Alexey Alexandrovich Moskalev, Irina Yurievna Karpova, Anastasiya Isaevna Afremova, Anastasiya Valerievna Lipatova, Dmitriy Vladimitovich Kochetkov, Maria Sergeena Fedorova, Nadezhda Nikolaevna Volchenko, Asiya Fayazovna Sadritdinova, Nataliya Vladimirovna Melnikova, Dmitry Vladimirovich Sidorov, Anatoly Yurievich Popov, Dmitry Valerievich Kalinin, Andrey Dmitrievich Kaprin, Boris Yakovlevich Alekseev, Alexey Alexandrovich Dmitriev, Anna Viktorovna Kudryavtseva
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumors worldwide. CRC molecular pathogenesis is heterogeneous and may be followed by mutations in oncogenes and tumor suppressor genes, chromosomal and microsatellite instability, alternative splicing alterations, hypermethylation of CpG islands, oxidative stress, impairment of different signaling pathways and energy metabolism. In the present work, we have studied the alterations of alternative splicing patterns of genes related to energy metabolism in CRC...
December 28, 2016: BMC Genomics
Shenghui Mei, Xindi Li, Xiaoqing Gong, Xingang Li, Li Yang, Heng Zhou, Yonghong Liu, Anna Zhou, Leting Zhu, Xinghu Zhang, Zhigang Zhao
BACKGROUND: Azathioprine is a first-line drug in treating neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD). To exhibit its bioactivity, azathioprine needs to be converted to thiopurine nucleotides (TPNs) including 6-thioguanine nucleotides (6-TGNs) and 6-methylmercaptopurine nucleotides (6-MMPNs) that are affected by genetic polymorphisms. This study aims to develop an LC-MS/MS method for the analysis of erythrocyte concentrations of TPNs and to evaluate their associations with variants of various genes (MTHFR, TPMT, HLA, SLC29A1, SLC28A2, SLC28A3, ABCB1, and ABCC4) in patients with NMOSD...
February 2017: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
T Kunicka, P Prochazka, I Krus, P Bendova, M Protivova, S Susova, V Hlavac, V Liska, P Novak, M Schneiderova, P Pitule, J Bruha, O Vycital, P Vodicka, P Soucek
BACKGROUND: This study addresses involvement of major 5-fluorouracil (5-FU) pathway genes in the prognosis of colorectal carcinoma patients. METHODS: Testing set and two validation sets comprising paired tumor and adjacent mucosa tissue samples from 151 patients were used for transcript profiling of 15 5-FU pathway genes by quantitative real-time PCR and DNA methylation profiling by high resolution melting analysis. Intratumoral molecular profiles were correlated with clinical data of patients...
October 12, 2016: BMC Cancer
Thomas Wanek, Katharina Kreis, Petra Križková, Anna Schweifer, Christoph Denk, Johann Stanek, Severin Mairinger, Thomas Filip, Michael Sauberer, Patricia Edelhofer, Alexander Traxl, Viktoria E Muchitsch, Kurt Mereiter, Friedrich Hammerschmidt, Carol E Cass, Vijaya L Damaraju, Oliver Langer, Claudia Kuntner
Positron emission tomography (PET) using fluorine-18 (18 F)-labeled 2-nitroimidazole radiotracers has proven useful for assessment of tumor oxygenation. However, the passive diffusion-driven cellular uptake of currently available radiotracers results in slow kinetics and low tumor-to-background ratios. With the aim to develop a compound that is actively transported into cells, 1-(6'-deoxy-6'-[18 F]fluoro-β-d-allofuranosyl)-2-nitroimidazole (β-[18 F]1), a putative nucleoside transporter substrate, was synthetized by nucleophilic [18 F]fluoride substitution of an acetyl protected labeling precursor with a tosylate leaving group (β-6) in a final radiochemical yield of 12±8% (n=10, based on [18 F]fluoride starting activity) in a total synthesis time of 60min with a specific activity at end of synthesis of 218±58GBq/μmol (n=10)...
November 1, 2016: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
Xavier Guitart, Jordi Bonaventura, William Rea, Marco Orrú, Lucrezia Cellai, Ilaria Dettori, Felicita Pedata, Marc Brugarolas, Antonio Cortés, Vicent Casadó, Ching-Pang Chang, Manikandan Narayanan, Yijuang Chern, Sergi Ferré
The initial goal of this study was to investigate alterations in adenosine A2A receptor (A2A R) density or function in a rat model of Huntington disease (HD) with reported insensitivity to an A2A R antagonist. Unsuspected negative results led to the hypothesis of a low striatal adenosine tone and to the search for the mechanisms involved. Extracellular striatal concentrations of adenosine were measured with in vivo microdialysis in two rodent models of early neuropathological stages of HD disease, the Tg51 rat and the zQ175 knock-in mouse...
December 2016: Neurobiology of Disease
Rhiannon McBean, Yew-Wah Liew, Brett Wilson, Pawinee Kupatawintu, Morakot Emthip, Catherine Hyland, Robert Flower
The At(a) blood group antigen (now AUG2 in the Augustine system) is a high-frequency antigen with negative phenotype At(a-) found only in individuals of African ancestry. In a twin pregnancy, the fifth pregnancy in a woman of African origin, serological investigations confirmed that the mother was At(a-) and anti-At(a) was detected. DNA samples were exome sequenced and alignment was performed to allow variant calling. It was confirmed that the single nucleotide polymorphism, rs45458701, within the SLC29A1 gene encoding the ENT1 protein, recently reported to be a basis of the At(a-) phenotype was also the basis of the phenotype in this family...
January 2016: Journal of Pathology. Clinical Research
Jeong-Hyun Kim, Chansu Lee, Hyun Sub Cheong, Youngil Koh, Kwang-Sung Ahn, Hyung-Lae Kim, Hyoung Doo Shin, Sung-Soo Yoon
PURPOSE: The solute carrier family 29 (equilibrative nucleoside transporter), member 1 (SLC29A1) is known to be involved in the transportation and resistance of the nucleoside analog cytosine arabinoside (AraC), one of the most effective drugs in the treatment of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). METHODS: In vitro functional analysis in AML cells and genetic association study were performed. RESULTS: Our functional analysis of SLC29A1 on anticancer effects of AraC showed that cytotoxic effects of AraC in AML cell lines were decreased by the reduction of SLC29A1 expression (P < 0...
September 2016: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Albert Català, Marçal Pastor-Anglada, Liska Caviedes-Cárdenas, Roberta Malatesta, Susana Rives, Nerea Vega-García, Mireia Camós, Paula Fernández-Calotti
FLT3 abnormalities are negative prognostic markers in acute leukemia. Infant leukemias are a subgroup with frequent MLL (KMT2A) rearrangements, FLT3 overexpression and high sensitivity to cytarabine, but dismal prognosis. Cytarabine is transported into cells by Human Equilibrative Nucleoside Transporter-1 (hENT1, SLC29A1), but the mechanisms that regulate hENT1 in acute leukemia have been scarcely studied.We explored the expression and functional link between FLT3 and main cytarabine transporters in 50 pediatric patients diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and MLL rearrangement (ALL-MLL+) and other subtypes of leukemia, and in leukemia cell lines...
August 2, 2016: Oncotarget
Eric A Benson, Michael T Eadon, Zeruesenay Desta, Yunlong Liu, Hai Lin, Kimberly S Burgess, Matthew W Segar, Andrea Gaedigk, Todd C Skaar
UNLABELLED: Membrane drug transporters contribute to the disposition of many drugs. In human liver, drug transport is controlled by two main superfamilies of transporters, the solute carrier transporters (SLC) and the ATP Binding Cassette transporters (ABC). Altered expression of these transporters due to drug-drug interactions can contribute to differences in drug exposure and possibly effect. In this study, we determined the effect of rifampin on gene expression of hundreds of membrane transporters along with all clinically relevant drug transporters...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Farid Kheloufi, Eric Bellissant, Laurent Cotte, Isabelle Poizot-Martin, Sylvie Quaranta, Rodolphe Garraffo, Aurélie Barrail-Tran, Alain Renault, Isabelle Fournier, Bruno Lacarelle, Marc Bourlière, Jean-Michel Molina, Caroline Solas
OBJECTIVES: Ribavirin (RBV) induced anemia may be influenced by host genetic factors affecting RBV transport solute carrier (SLC) or metabolism inosine triphosphatase (ITPA), as already reported. We investigated the influence of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on SLC genes on anemia, RBV trough concentration (Ctrough) and response in HIV-hepatitis C virus coinfected patients receiving triple therapy with boceprevir or telaprevir. METHODS: Patients from the ANRS HC26/HC27 studies were genotyped for SLC28A3 SNPs (rs10868138 and rs56350726) and SL29A1 SNPs (rs760370)...
August 24, 2016: AIDS
Hiroyuki Kitao, Yosuke Morodomi, Shinichiro Niimi, Mamoru Kiniwa, Kazuhiko Shigeno, Kazuaki Matsuoka, Yuki Kataoka, Makoto Iimori, Eriko Tokunaga, Hiroshi Saeki, Eiji Oki, Yoshihiko Maehara
Trifluridine (FTD) is a key component of the novel oral antitumor drug TAS-102 (also named TFTD), which consists of FTD and a thymidine phosphorylase inhibitor. FTD is supposed to exert its cytotoxicity via massive misincorporation into DNA, but the underlying mechanism of FTD incorporation into DNA and its correlation with cytotoxicity are not fully understood. The present study shows that several antibodies against 5-bromo-2'-deoxyuridine (BrdU) specifically cross-react with FTD, either anchored to bovine serum albumin or incorporated into DNA...
May 3, 2016: Scientific Reports
Ragia H Ghoneim, Micheline Piquette-Miller
Altered expression of drug transporters and metabolic enzymes is known to occur in infection-induced inflammation. We hypothesize that in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals, further alteration could occur as a result of augmented inflammation. The HIV-1 transgenic (Tg) rat is used to simulate HIV pathologies associated with the presence of HIV viral proteins. Therefore, the objective of this study was to examine the effect of endotoxin administration on the gene expression of drug transporters in the liver of HIV-Tg rats...
May 2016: Drug Metabolism and Disposition: the Biological Fate of Chemicals
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"