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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729070/abc-transporters-in-the-liver-fluke-opisthorchis-felineus
#1
Viatcheslav A Mordvinov, Nikita I Ershov, Darya S Pirozhkova, Yuri V Pakharukov, Maria Y Pakharukova
ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABC transporters) are essential components of normal cellular physiological machinery in all eukaryotic and prokaryotic species, including parasites. Some ABC transporters, e.g., P-glycoproteins, are involved in the efflux of toxins and xenobiotics from the cell. At present, nothing is known about ABC transporter genes in epidemiologically important liver flukes from the Opisthorchiidae family, including European liver fluke Opisthorchis felineus. Opisthorchiasis caused by O...
July 17, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706242/draft-whole-genome-sequence-of-groundnut-stem-rot-fungus-athelia-rolfsii-revealing-genetic-architect-of-its-pathogenicity-and-virulence
#2
M A Iquebal, Rukam S Tomar, M V Parakhia, Deepak Singla, Sarika Jaiswal, V M Rathod, S M Padhiyar, Neeraj Kumar, Anil Rai, Dinesh Kumar
Groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.) is an important oil seed crop having major biotic constraint in production due to stem rot disease caused by fungus, Athelia rolfsii causing 25-80% loss in productivity. As chemical and biological combating strategies of this fungus are not very effective, thus genome sequencing can reveal virulence and pathogenicity related genes for better understanding of the host-parasite interaction. We report draft assembly of Athelia rolfsii genome of ~73 Mb having 8919 contigs. Annotation analysis revealed 16830 genes which are involved in fungicide resistance, virulence and pathogenicity along with putative effector and lethal genes...
July 13, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700644/transcription-of-putative-tonoplast-transporters-in-response-to-glyphosate-and-paraquat-stress-in-conyza-bonariensis-and-conyza-canadensis-and-selection-of-reference-genes-for-qrt-pcr
#3
Marcelo L Moretti, Rocio Alárcon-Reverte, Stephen Pearce, Sarah Morran, Bradley D Hanson
Herbicide resistance is a challenge for modern agriculture further complicated by cases of resistance to multiple herbicides. Conyza bonariensis and Conyza canadensis are invasive weeds of field crops, orchards, and non-cropped areas in many parts of the world. In California, USA, Conyza populations resistant to the herbicides glyphosate and paraquat have recently been described. Although the mechanism conferring resistance to glyphosate and paraquat in these species was not elucidated, reduced translocation of these herbicides was observed under experimental conditions in both species...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698977/pharmacogenetics-and-pharmacogenomics-of-targeted-therapeutics-in-chronic-myeloid-leukemia
#4
REVIEW
Aritro Nath, Jacqueline Wang, R Stephanie Huang
The advent of targeted therapeutics has greatly improved outcomes of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) patients. Despite increased efficacy and better clinical responses over cytotoxic chemotherapies, many patients receiving targeted drugs exhibit a poor initial response, develop drug resistance, or undergo relapse after initial success. This inter-individual variation in response has heightened the interest in studying pharmacogenetics and pharmacogenomics (PGx) of cancer drugs. In this review, we discuss the influence of various germline and somatic factors on targeted drug response in CML...
July 11, 2017: Molecular Diagnosis & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674494/the-importance-of-steroid-uptake-and-intracrine-action-in-endometrial-and-ovarian-cancers
#5
REVIEW
Tea Lanišnik Rižner, Theresia Thalhammer, Csilla Özvegy-Laczka
Endometrial and ovarian cancers predominately affect women after menopause, and are more frequently observed in developed countries. These are considered to be hormone-dependent cancers, as steroid hormones, and estrogens in particular, have roles in their onset and progression. After the production of estrogens in the ovary has ceased, estrogen synthesis occurs in peripheral tissues. This depends on the cellular uptake of estrone-sulfate and dehydroepiandrosterone-sulfate, as the most important steroid precursors in the plasma of postmenopausal women...
2017: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664465/slc-and-abc-transporters-expression-localization-and-species-differences-at-the-blood-brain-and-the-blood-cerebrospinal-fluid-barriers
#6
Marilyn E Morris, Vivian Rodriguez-Cruz, Melanie A Felmlee
The blood-brain barrier (BBB) and the blood-cerebrospinal fluid barrier (BCSFB) separate the brain and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) from the systemic circulation and represent a barrier to the uptake of both endogenous compounds and xenobiotics into the brain. For compounds whose passive diffusion is limited due to their ionization or hydrophilicity, membrane transporters can facilitate their uptake across the BBB or BCSFB. Members of the solute carrier (SLC) and ATP-binding case (ABC) families are present on these barriers...
June 29, 2017: AAPS Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28650976/effect-of-praziquantel-on-the-differential-expression-of-mouse-hepatic-genes-and-parasite-atp-binding-cassette-transporter-gene-family-members-during-schistosoma-mansoni-infection
#7
Melissa C Sanchez, Katina V Krasnec, Amalia S Parra, Christian von Cabanlong, Geoffrey N Gobert, Boris Umylny, Pauline M Cupit, Charles Cunningham
Schistosomiasis is a chronic parasitic disease caused by sexually dimorphic blood flukes of the genus Schistosoma. Praziquantel (PZQ) is the only drug widely available to treat the disease but does not kill juvenile parasites. Here we report the use of next generation sequencing to study the transcriptional effect of PZQ on murine hepatic inflammatory, immune and fibrotic responses to Schistosoma mansoni worms and eggs. An initial T helper cell 1 (Th1) response is induced against schistosomes in mice treated with drug vehicle (Vh) around the time egg laying begins, followed by a T helper cell 2 (Th2) response and the induction of genes whose action leads to granuloma formation and fibrosis...
June 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646074/divergence-of-the-floral-a-function-between-an-asterid-and-a-rosid-species
#8
Patrice Morel, Klaas Heijmans, Frederique Rozier, Jan Zethof, Sophy Chamot, Suzanne Rodrigues Bento, Aurelie Vialette-Guiraud, Pierre Chambrier, Trehin Christophe, Michiel Vandenbussche
The ABC model is widely used as a genetic framework for understanding floral development and evolution. In this model, the A-function is required for the development of sepals and petals and to antagonize the C-function in the outer floral whorls. In the rosid species Arabidopsis thaliana, the AP2-type AP2 transcription factor represents a major A-function protein, but how the A-function is encoded in other species is not well understood. Here we show that in the asterid species petunia (Petunia hybrida), AP2B/BLIND ENHANCER (BEN) confines the C-function to the inner petunia floral whorls, in parallel with the microRNA BLIND...
June 23, 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28641133/abc-transporters-in-megakaryopoiesis-and-platelet-activity
#9
REVIEW
Wei Wang, Lorena Buitrago, Ying Wang
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) is a family of transporters that facilitates the translocation of substrates across cell membrane using its ATPase subunit. These transporters have key roles in multidrug resistance, lipid homeostasis, antigen processing, immunity, cell proliferation and hematopoiesis. Some ABC transporters are selectively expressed on megakaryocyte progenitor, megakaryocyte and its cellular fragment platelet. However, the role of ABC transporters in hemostasis and thrombosis were not well explored until recently...
June 14, 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633642/prediction-and-analysis-of-three-gene-families-related-to-leaf-rust-puccinia-triticina-resistance-in-wheat-triticum-aestivum-l
#10
Fred Y Peng, Rong-Cai Yang
BACKGROUND: The resistance to leaf rust (Lr) caused by Puccinia triticina in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) has been well studied over the past decades with over 70 Lr genes being mapped on different chromosomes and numerous QTLs (quantitative trait loci) being detected or mapped using DNA markers. Such resistance is often divided into race-specific and race-nonspecific resistance. The race-nonspecific resistance can be further divided into resistance to most or all races of the same pathogen and resistance to multiple pathogens...
June 20, 2017: BMC Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623509/telomerase-and-drug-resistance-in-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Natalia Lipinska, Aleksandra Romaniuk, Anna Paszel-Jaworska, Ewa Toton, Przemyslaw Kopczynski, Blazej Rubis
It is well known that a decreased expression or inhibited activity of telomerase in cancer cells is accompanied by an increased sensitivity to some drugs (e.g., doxorubicin, cisplatin, or 5-fluorouracil). However, the mechanism of the resistance resulting from telomerase alteration remains elusive. There are theories claiming that it might be associated with telomere shortening, genome instability, hTERT translocation, mitochondria functioning modulation, or even alterations in ABC family gene expression. However, association of those mechanisms, i...
June 16, 2017: Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences: CMLS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603639/folding-correction-of-abc-transporter-abcb1-by-pharmacological-chaperones-a-mechanistic-concept
#12
Matthias Spork, Muhammad Imran Sohail, Diethart Schmid, Gerhard F Ecker, Michael Freissmuth, Peter Chiba, Thomas Stockner
Point mutations of ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins are a common cause of human diseases. Available crystal structures indicate a similarity in the architecture of several members of this protein family. Their molecular architecture makes these proteins vulnerable to mutation, when critical structural elements are affected. The latter preferentially involve the two transmembrane domain (TMD)/nucleotide-binding domain (NBD) interfaces (transmission interfaces), formation of which requires engagement of coupling helices of intracellular loops with NBDs...
June 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602350/structure-of-the-human-lipid-exporter-abca1
#13
Hongwu Qian, Xin Zhao, Pingping Cao, Jianlin Lei, Nieng Yan, Xin Gong
ABCA1, an ATP-binding cassette (ABC) subfamily A exporter, mediates the cellular efflux of phospholipids and cholesterol to the extracellular acceptor apolipoprotein A-I (apoA-I) for generation of nascent high-density lipoprotein (HDL). Mutations of human ABCA1 are associated with Tangier disease and familial HDL deficiency. Here, we report the cryo-EM structure of human ABCA1 with nominal resolutions of 4.1 Å for the overall structure and 3.9 Å for the massive extracellular domain. The nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs) display a nucleotide-free state, while the two transmembrane domains (TMDs) contact each other through a narrow interface in the intracellular leaflet of the membrane...
June 15, 2017: Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599480/downregulation-of-eif4g-by-microrna-503-enhances-drug-sensitivity-of-mcf-7-adr-cells-through-suppressing-the-expression-of-abc-transport-proteins
#14
Xia Pan, Xiaoyan Yang, Jinglei Zang, Si Zhang, Nan Huang, Xinxin Guan, Jianhua Zhang, Zhihui Wang, Xi Li, Xiaoyong Lei
Overexpression of adenosine triphosphate-binding cassette (ABC) transport protein is emerging as a critical contributor to anticancer drug resistance. The eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) 4F complex, the key modulator of mRNA translation, is regulated by the phosphoinositide 3-kinase-AKT-mammalian target of rapamycin pathway in anticancer drug-resistant tumors. The present study demonstrated the roles of ABC translation protein alterations in the acquisition of the Adriamycin (ADM)-resistant phenotype of MCF-7 human breast cells...
June 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597653/overexpression-of-atp-binding-cassette-subfamily-g-member-2-confers-resistance-to-phosphatidylinositol-3-kinase-inhibitor-pf-4989216-in-cancer-cells
#15
Chung-Pu Wu, Megumi Murakami, Sung-Han Hsiao, An-Wei Chou, Yan-Qing Li, Yang-Hui Huang, Tai-Ho Hung, Suresh V Ambudkar
Deregulated activation of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway is frequently found in human cancers, which plays a key role in promoting cancer proliferation and resistance to anticancer therapies. Therefore, developing inhibitors targeting key components of the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway has great clinical significance. PF-4989216 is a novel, orally available small-molecule drug that was developed to selectively inhibit the PI3K/Akt/mTOR signaling pathway and subsequent cancer cell proliferation...
June 20, 2017: Molecular Pharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588672/abcg1-as-a-potential-oncogene-in-lung-cancer
#16
Chunyan Tian, Di Huang, Yanli Yu, Jihong Zhang, Qingxin Fang, Chao Xie
ATP-binding cassette transporter G1 (ABCG1) is a member of the ABC transporter family and regulates cellular cholesterol homeostasis. It has important roles in cholesterol homeostasis and tumor immunity, which has, however, not been reported in lung cancer. The present study showed that ABCG1 protein is upregulated in lung cancer compared with adjacent normal tissues and furthermore, aberrant ABCG1 expression was detected in lung cancer cell lines. ABCG1 was shown to promote the proliferation of HKULC4 lung cancer cells...
June 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572030/streamlined-duplex-live-dead-microplate-assay-for-cultured-cells
#17
Bruce A Pfeffer, Steven J Fliesler
A duplex fluorescence assay to assess the viability of cells cultured in multi-well plates is described, which can be carried out in the original culture plate using a plate reader, without exchanges of culture or assay medium, or transfer of cells or cell supernatant. The method uses freshly prepared reagents and does not rely on a proprietary, commercially supplied kit. Following experimental treatment, calcein acetoxymethyl ester (CaAM) is added to each well of cultured cells; after 30 min, the fluorescence intensity (emission λmax ∼ 530 nm) is measured...
May 30, 2017: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542489/d-helix-influences-dimerization-of-the-atp-binding-cassette-abc-transporter-associated-with-antigen-processing-1-tap1-nucleotide-binding-domain
#18
Ahmet S Vakkasoglu, Sriram Srikant, Rachelle Gaudet
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters form a large family of transmembrane importers and exporters. Using two nucleotide-binding domains (NBDs), which form a canonical ATP-sandwich dimer at some point within the transport cycle, the transporters harness the energy from ATP binding and hydrolysis to drive substrate transport. However the structural elements that enable and tune the dimerization propensity of the NBDs have not been fully elucidated. Here we compared the biochemical properties of the NBDs of human and rat TAP1, a subunit of the heterodimeric transporter associated with antigen processing (TAP)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542262/the-role-of-the-innate-immune-response-regulatory-gene-abcf1-in-mammalian-embryogenesis-and-development
#19
Sara M Wilcox, Hitesh Arora, Lonna Munro, Jian Xin, Franz Fenninger, Laura A Johnson, Cheryl G Pfeifer, Kyung Bok Choi, Juan Hou, Pamela A Hoodless, Wilfred A Jefferies
ABCF1 is an ABC transporter family protein that has been shown to regulate innate immune response and is a risk gene for autoimmune pancreatitis and arthritis. Unlike other members of ABC transporter family, ABCF1 lacks trans-membrane domains and is thought to function in translation initiation through an interaction with eukaryotic translation initiation factor 2 (eIF2). To study ABCF1 expression and function in development and disease, we used a single gene trap insertion in the Abcf1 gene in murine embryonic stem cells (ES cells) that allowed lineage tracing of the endogenous Abcf1 promoter by following the expression of a β-galactosidase reporter gene...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521186/timely-diagnosis-of-sitosterolemia-by-next-generation-sequencing-in-two-children-with-severe-hypercholesterolemia
#20
Paola Sabrina Buonuomo, Lorenzo Iughetti, Livia Pisciotta, Claudio Rabacchi, Francesco Papadia, Patrizia Bruzzi, Albina Tummolo, Andrea Bartuli, Claudio Cortese, Stefano Bertolini, Sebastiano Calandra
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Severe hypercholesterolemia associated or not with xanthomas in a child may suggest the diagnosis of homozygous autosomal dominant hypercholesterolemia (ADH), autosomal recessive hypercholesterolemia (ARH) or sitosterolemia, depending on the transmission of hypercholesterolemia in the patient's family. Sitosterolemia is a recessive disorder characterized by high plasma levels of cholesterol and plant sterols due to mutations in the ABCG5 or the ABCG8 gene, leading to a loss of function of the ATP-binding cassette (ABC) heterodimer transporter G5-G8...
July 2017: Atherosclerosis
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