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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677524/effectiveness-of-community-based-depression-intervention-programme-comdip-to-manage-women-with-depression-in-primary-care-randomised-control-trial
#1
Pillaveetil Sathyadas Indu, Thekkethayyil Viswanathan Anilkumar, Krishnapillai Vijayakumar, K A Kumar, P Sankara Sarma, Saradamma Remadevi, Chittaranjan Andrade
BACKGROUND: In low and middle income countries where mental health resources are limited, community based depression intervention models, which can be implemented through the existing health system, are extremely relevant. OBJECTIVE: To test the effectiveness of Community based Depression Intervention Programme (ComDIP), newly developed by us, to reduce severity of depression in women, compared to the treatment as usual (TAU). METHODS: An RCT (Trial registration Number: CTRI/2011/08/001978, Clinical Trials Registry -India) was conducted in a primary care setting in Trivandrum, Kerala, South India...
April 3, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677308/vitamin-d-calcium-or-combined-supplementation-for-the-primary-prevention-of-fractures-in-community-dwelling-adults-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#2
Leila C Kahwati, Rachel Palmieri Weber, Huiling Pan, Margaret Gourlay, Erin LeBlanc, Manny Coker-Schwimmer, Meera Viswanathan
Importance: Osteoporotic fractures result in significant morbidity and mortality. Objective: To update the evidence for benefits and harms of vitamin D, calcium, or combined supplementation for the primary prevention of fractures in community-dwelling adults to inform the US Preventive Services Task Force. Data Sources: PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane Library, and trial registries through March 21, 2017; references; and experts. Surveillance continued through February 28, 2018...
April 17, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676089/-study-on-photosynthesis-and-physiological-characteristics-of-acanthopanax-giraldii-on-different-light-intensity
#3
Yu-Feng Chen, Xu-Feng Huang, Rui Gu, Shi-Hong Zhong, Xiao-Dong Wei
This article is aimed to study the response mechanism of Acanthopanax giraldii on different shading intensity to guide its artificial cultivation. The cultivated A. giraldii in Maoxian was used as the research object, set up different shading treatment groups, analyzed photosynthesis, physiology, submicroscopic structure to explore the response mechanism of A. giraldii to different light intensity. Light was the main influencing factor to photosynthetic rate.During morning and afternoon periods,the Pn of the CK group reduced by stomatal limitation and non stomatal limitation factors respectively...
March 2018: Zhongguo Zhong Yao za Zhi, Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi, China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675863/effectiveness-of-lockouts-in-reducing-alcohol-related-harm-systematic-review
#4
REVIEW
Smriti Nepal, Kypros Kypri, Kirrilly Pursey, John Attia, Tanya Chikritzhs, Peter Miller
ISSUES: Australian jurisdictions have introduced lockouts to prevent alcohol-related violence. Lockouts prohibit patrons from entering licensed premises after a designated time while allowing sale and consumption of alcohol to continue. Their purposes include managing the movement of intoxicated patrons, and preventing violence and disorder by dispersing times that patrons leave premises. We sought to evaluate the effectiveness of lockouts in preventing alcohol-related harm. APPROACH: We systematically searched electronic databases and reference lists and asked authors to identify relevant studies published to 1 June 2017...
April 19, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675642/dutch-guideline-for-clinical-foetal-neonatal-and-paediatric-post-mortem-radiology-including-a-review-of-literature
#5
REVIEW
L J P Sonnemans, M E M Vester, E E M Kolsteren, J J H M Erwich, P G J Nikkels, P A M Kint, R R van Rijn, W M Klein
Clinical post-mortem radiology is a relatively new field of expertise and not common practice in most hospitals yet. With the declining numbers of autopsies and increasing demand for quality control of clinical care, post-mortem radiology can offer a solution, or at least be complementary. A working group consisting of radiologists, pathologists and other clinical medical specialists reviewed and evaluated the literature on the diagnostic value of post-mortem conventional radiography (CR), ultrasonography, computed tomography (PMCT), magnetic resonance imaging (PMMRI), and minimally invasive autopsy (MIA)...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675623/influence-of-autoimmunity-and-inflammation-on-endothelial-function-and-thrombosis-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-patients
#6
Kamil Bugała, Adam Mazurek, Krzysztof Gryga, Monika Komar, Grzegorz Kopeć, Jacek Musiał, Piotr Podolec, Carlo Perricone, Wojciech Płazak
The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between autoimmunity and endothelial activation/damage (ICAM-1 and vWF serum levels) and the degree of prothrombotic activity (thrombin-antithrombin complexes-TAT serum levels) in SLE. In 60 clinically stable SLE patients, levels of the following parameters were estimated in their serum: lupus anticoagulant (LA), anticardiolipin antibodies in both IgG and IgM classes (aCL-IgG and aCL-IgM, respectively), antiβ2GPI antibodies in both IgG and IgM classes (antiβ2GPI-IgG and antiβ2GPI-IgM, respectively), ICAM, von Willebrand factor (vWF), TAT, CRP, C3c, C4, and IL-6...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675548/exercise-headache-a-review
#7
REVIEW
Claire H Sandoe, William Kingston
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Exercise headache refers to headache that is triggered by exercise or exertion. Although secondary causes must be excluded, most cases of exercise headache are benign, idiopathic, and self-limited. This article reviews the revised diagnostic criteria for primary exercise headache (PEH) and discusses recent research into the clinical presentation, epidemiology, pathophysiology, suggested workup, and treatment of this condition. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent studies estimate that PEH affects from 1 to 26% of the adult population...
April 19, 2018: Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675481/piercing-and-tattoos-in-adolescents-legal-and-medico-legal-implications
#8
Adelaide Conti, Paola Bin, Claudia Casella, Emanuele Capasso, Piergiorgio Fedeli, Francesco Antonio Salzano, Lucia Terracciano, Mauro Piras
Non-therapeutic body modification interventions are permitted within the limits of the use of one's own body that can be specified in the legal system. The authors take into consideration Italian regulation on tattooing and piercing, in particular in relation to adolescents. Results: In Italy, several regions have therefore issued acts aimed at regulating the activities of tattoo and piercing also in reference to minors. Discussion. With regard to minors, the rules taken into account set precise limits in relation to the age criterion and subordinate the implementation of such practices to the provision of consent by legal representatives...
2018: Open Medicine (Warsaw, Poland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675055/shifting-paradigm-from-no-code-and-do-not-resuscitate-to-goals-of-care-policies
#9
Yaseen M Arabi, Abdulla A Al-Sayyari, Mohamed S Al Moamary
Policies addressing limitations of medical therapy in patients with advanced medical conditions are typically referred to as Code Status (No Code) policies or Do-Not-Resuscitate (DNR) status polices. Inconsistencies in implementation, understanding, decision-making, communication and management of No Code or DNR orders have led to delivery of poorer care to some patients. Several experts have called for a change in the current approach. The new approach, Goals of Care paradigm, aims to contextualize the decisions about resuscitation and advanced life support within the overall plan of care, focusing on choices of treatments to be given rather than specifically on treatments not to be given...
April 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674608/culturing-of-female-bladder-bacteria-reveals-an-interconnected-urogenital-microbiota
#10
Krystal Thomas-White, Samuel C Forster, Nitin Kumar, Michelle Van Kuiken, Catherine Putonti, Mark D Stares, Evann E Hilt, Travis K Price, Alan J Wolfe, Trevor D Lawley
Metagenomic analyses have indicated that the female bladder harbors an indigenous microbiota. However, there are few cultured reference strains with sequenced genomes available for functional and experimental analyses. Here we isolate and genome-sequence 149 bacterial strains from catheterized urine of 77 women. This culture collection spans 78 species, representing approximately two thirds of the bacterial diversity within the sampled bladders, including Proteobacteria, Actinobacteria, and Firmicutes. Detailed genomic and functional comparison of the bladder microbiota to the gastrointestinal and vaginal microbiotas demonstrates similar vaginal and bladder microbiota, with functional capacities that are distinct from those observed in the gastrointestinal microbiota...
April 19, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674452/on-the-existence-of-thermodynamically-stable-rigid-solids
#11
Parswa Nath, Saswati Ganguly, Jürgen Horbach, Peter Sollich, Smarajit Karmakar, Surajit Sengupta
Customarily, crystalline solids are defined to be rigid since they resist changes of shape determined by their boundaries. However, rigid solids cannot exist in the thermodynamic limit where boundaries become irrelevant. Particles in the solid may rearrange to adjust to shape changes eliminating stress without destroying crystalline order. Rigidity is therefore valid only in the metastable state that emerges because these particle rearrangements in response to a deformation, or strain, are associated with slow collective processes...
April 19, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674363/study-protocol-on-criterion-validation-of-edinburgh-postnatal-depression-scale-epds-patient-health-questionnaire-phq-9-and-centre-for-epidemiological-studies-depression-ces-d-screening-tools-among-rural-postnatal-women-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
James January, Moses John Chimbari
BACKGROUND: Screening women for postnatal depression (PND) provides an opportunity to reach undetected cases and enhance pregnancy outcomes. In Zimbabwe, no validation of depression screening tools has been done on postnatal women in rural settings. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to determine criterion validity of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS), the Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) and the Center for Epidemiological Studies-Depression (CES-D) scale using the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria as the reference standard...
April 19, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674338/prevalence-of-hypertension-in-children-with-early-stage-adpkd
#13
Laura Massella, Djalila Mekahli, Dušan Paripović, Larisa Prikhodina, Nathalie Godefroid, Anna Niemirska, Ayşe Ağbaş, Karolina Kalicka, Augustina Jankauskiene, Malgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Alberto Caldas Afonso, Rémi Salomon, Georges Deschênes, Gema Ariceta, Z Birsin Özçakar, Ana Teixeira, Ali Duzova, Jérôme Harambat, Tomáš Seeman, Gabriela Hrčková, Adrian Catalin Lungu, Svetlana Papizh, Amira Peco-Antic, Stéphanie De Rechter, Ugo Giordano, Marietta Kirchner, Teresa Lutz, Franz Schaefer, Olivier Devuyst, Elke Wühl, Francesco Emma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease is the most common inheritable kidney disease, frequently thought to become symptomatic in adulthood. However, patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease may develop signs or symptoms during childhood, in particular hypertension. Although ambulatory BP monitoring is the preferred method to diagnose hypertension in pediatrics, data in children with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease are limited...
April 19, 2018: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674288/a-flexible-wearable-sensor-for-knee-flexion-assessment-during-gait
#14
Enrica Papi, Yen Nee Bo, Alison H McGregor
BACKGROUND: Gait analysis plays an important role in the diagnosis and management of patients with movement disorders but it is usually performed within a laboratory. Recently interest has shifted towards the possibility of conducting gait assessments in everyday environments thus facilitating long-term monitoring. This is possible by using wearable technologies rather than laboratory based equipment. RESEARCH QUESTION: This study aims to validate a novel wearable sensor system's ability to measure peak knee sagittal angles during gait...
April 13, 2018: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674086/potential-improvements-aimed-at-high-precision-%C3%AE-13-c-isotopic-ratio-determinations-in-co-2-mixtures-using-optical-absorption-spectrometry
#15
Serguei Koulikov, Sergey Assonov, Ales Fajgelj, Pieter Tans
The manuscript explores some advantages and limitations of laser based optical spectroscopy, aimed at achieving robust, high-reproducibility 13 C16 O2 and 12 C16 O2 ratio determinations on the VPDB-CO2 δ13 C scale by measuring the absorbance of line pairs of 13 C16 O2 and 12 C16 O2 . In particular, the sensitivities of spectroscopic lines to both pressure (P) and temperature (T) are discussed. Based on the considerations and estimations presented, a level of reproducibility of the 13 C16 O2 /12 C16 O2 ratio determinations may be achieved of about 10-6 ...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674079/a-comparison-study-on-the-use-of-dowex-1-and-teva-resin-in-determination-of-99-tc-in-environmental-and-nuclear-coolant-samples-in-a-sia-system-with-icp-ms-detection
#16
Kamila Kołacińska, Zbigniew Samczyński, Jakub Dudek, Anna Bojanowska-Czajka, Marek Trojanowicz
This work refers to a comparative study of sorbents widely used in determinations of 99 Tc such as TEVA resin and Dowex 1. Despite having a similar functional group of quaternary amines, both materials represent different chromatographic methods-extraction (TEVA resin) and anion exchange (Dowex 1)-which provides a diverse range of their properties significant in determination of 99 Tc in flow conditions. The comparative tests, carried out in a SIA-LOV (Sequential Injection Analysis-Lab-on-Valve) system combined with mass spectrometric (ICP-MS) detection, considered several factors that are crucial from the standpoint of resin´s utility such as sorption capacity, durability, or selectivity, critical in 99 Tc separation from interferences...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674064/determination-of-eight-carbonyl-compounds-in-aerosols-trapped-in-phosphate-buffer-saline-solutions-to-support-in-vitro-assessment-studies
#17
Roberto Buratto, Daniela Correia, Monique Parel, Maude Crenna, Mickaël Bilger, Audrey Debrick
When investigating the toxicological impact of aerosols using in vitro systems like cell cultures, it is essential to have a quantitative measurement of the chemicals that the cells are exposed to. Carbonyl compounds represent an important class of marker compounds for in vitro and in vivo exposure to different toxicological agents, including cigarette smoke (CS). A new LC-MS/MS method that quantifies eight of these analytes in aerosols trapped in phosphate-buffered saline solutions has been developed to measure exposure...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674040/speciation-analysis-of-inorganic-arsenic-by-magnetic-solid-phase-extraction-on-line-with-inductively-coupled-mass-spectrometry-determination
#18
P Montoro Leal, E Vereda Alonso, M M López Guerrero, M T Siles Cordero, J M Cano Pavón, A García de Torres
Arsenic, one of the main environmental pollutants and potent natural poison, is a chemical element that is spread throughout the Earth's crust. It is well known that the toxicity of arsenic is highly dependent on its chemical forms. Generally, the inorganic species are more toxic than its organics forms, and As(III) is 60 times more toxic than As(V). In environmental waters, arsenic exists predominantly in two chemical forms: As(III) and As(V). In view of these facts, fast, sensitive, accurate and simple analytical methods for the speciation of inorganic arsenic in environmental waters are required...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674021/solid-phase-microextraction-method-using-a-novel-polystyrene-oleic-acid-imidazole-polymer-in-micropipette-tip-of-syringe-system-for-speciation-and-determination-of-antimony-in-environmental-and-food-samples
#19
Abdul Haleem Panhwar, Mustafa Tuzen, Baki Hazer, Tasneem Gul Kazi
A simple, rapid and sensitive solid phase microextraction method was used for the speciation of inorganic antimony (Sb) by using a novel synthesized polymeric material in micropipette tip of syringe system. In present methodology, the specie of Sb (III) made hydrophobic complex with diethyl dithiocarbamate (DDTC) at pH 5.5 and subsequently adsorbed on polystyrene oleic acid imidazole polymer (POIP), whereas Sb(V) did not made complex and adsorbed on the polymer, remained in aqueous solutions. The strategy of multivariate was carried out to screen out the different variables and assessed the optimum values of their experimental values for the extraction efficiency of analyte...
July 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673935/investigation-of-the-dependence-of-joint-contact-forces-on-musculotendon-parameters-using-a-codified-workflow-for-image-based-modelling
#20
Luca Modenese, Erica Montefiori, Anqi Wang, Stefan Wesarg, Marco Viceconti, Claudia Mazzà
The generation of subject-specific musculoskeletal models of the lower limb has become a feasible task thanks to improvements in medical imaging technology and musculoskeletal modelling software. Nevertheless, clinical use of these models in paediatric applications is still limited for what concerns the estimation of muscle and joint contact forces. Aiming to improve the current state of the art, a methodology to generate highly personalized subject-specific musculoskeletal models of the lower limb based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans was codified as a step-by-step procedure and applied to data from eight juvenile individuals...
March 30, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
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