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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906334/hyperspectral-face-recognition-using-improved-inter-channel-alignment-based-on-qualitative-prediction-models
#1
Woon Cho, Jinbeum Jang, Andreas Koschan, Mongi A Abidi, Joonki Paik
A fundamental limitation of hyperspectral imaging is the inter-band misalignment correlated with subject motion during data acquisition. One way of resolving this problem is to assess the alignment quality of hyperspectral image cubes derived from the state-of-the-art alignment methods. In this paper, we present an automatic selection framework for the optimal alignment method to improve the performance of face recognition. Specifically, we develop two qualitative prediction models based on: 1) a principal curvature map for evaluating the similarity index between sequential target bands and a reference band in the hyperspectral image cube as a full-reference metric; and 2) the cumulative probability of target colors in the HSV color space for evaluating the alignment index of a single sRGB image rendered using all of the bands of the hyperspectral image cube as a no-reference metric...
November 28, 2016: Optics Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906118/social-correlates-of-term-small-for-gestational-age-babies-in-a-russian-arctic-setting
#2
Anna A Usynina, Andrej M Grjibovski, Jon Øyvind Odland, Alexandra Krettek
BACKGROUND: Small for gestational age (SGA) births have been associated with both short- and long-term adverse health outcomes. Although social risk factors for SGA births have been studied earlier, such data are limited from Northern Russia. OBJECTIVE: We assessed maternal social risk factors for term SGA births based on data from the population-based Murmansk County Birth Registry (MCBR). DESIGN: Data on term live-born singleton infants born between 2006 and 2011 in Murmansk County were obtained from the MCBR...
2016: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906038/craniopagus-parasiticus-a-parasitic-head-protruding-from-temporal-area-of-cranium-a-case-report
#3
Wassihun Nega, Meku Damte, Yonas Girma, Getachew Desta, Mengistu Hailemariam
BACKGROUND: Craniopagus parasiticus is rare with an incidence of approximately four to six cases in 10,000,000 births. In our case, the head of the parasitic twin protruded from the temporal area of the normal twin's cranium. The parasitic twin had two deformed lower limbs, of which one was rudimentary, and long bones of the bilateral lower limbs and some pelvic bone. Dissection of the mass of the parasitic twin's body revealed the intestine but no chest organs or abdominal organs. There was a rudimentary labium but no vaginal opening...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906006/integrated-therapy-for-hiv-and-tuberculosis
#4
REVIEW
Weerawat Manosuthi, Surasak Wiboonchutikul, Somnuek Sungkanuparph
Tuberculosis (TB) has been the most common opportunistic infection and cause of mortality among HIV-infected patients, especially in resource-limited countries. Clinical manifestations of TB vary and depend on the degree of immunodeficiency. Sputum microscopy and culture with drug-susceptibility testing are recommended as a standard method for diagnosing active TB. TB-related mortality in HIV-infected patients is high especially during the first few months of treatment. Integrated therapy of both HIV and TB is feasible and efficient to control the diseases and yield better survival...
May 12, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904949/association-of-arthritis-and-vitamin-d-insufficiency-with-physical-disability-in-mexican-older-adults-findings-from-the-mexican-health-and-aging-study
#5
Luis M Valderrama-Hinds, Soham Al Snih, Martin A Rodriguez, Rebeca Wong
Arthritis and vitamin D insufficiency are prevalent in older adults and are risk factors for disability. The objective of this study was to examine the effect of co-occurring arthritis and vitamin D deficiency on upper-lower extremity functional limitations and disability in older adults. We examined 1533 participants aged ≥50 years from a subsample of the Mexican Health and Aging Study. Measures included sociodemographics, body mass index, comorbid conditions, falls, physical activity, physical function tests, functional limitations, activities of daily living (ADL), and vitamin D...
November 30, 2016: Rheumatology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904539/the-effect-of-renal-transplantation-on-respiratory-muscle-strength-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease
#6
Sasan Tavana, Samaneh Mirzaei
BACKGROUND: There is evidence of musculoskeletal and respiratory involvement in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). This is attributed to protein calorie imbalance that is caused by the disease process, and hemodialysis and is generally referred to as uremic myopathy. This results in calcification of respiratory muscles such as diaphragm and intercostal muscles. There are limited data about respiratory muscle strength in patients with CKD. We intended to evaluate the effect of kidney transplantation on respiratory muscles strength in patients with CKD...
2016: Tanaffos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904444/anatomic-variations-of-the-pancreatic-duct-and-their-relevance-with-the-cambridge-classification-system-mrcp-findings-of-1158-consecutive-patients
#7
Zehra Hilal Adibelli, Mustafa Adatepe, Cetin Imamoglu, Ozgur Sipahi Esen, Nazif Erkan, Mehmet Yildirim
BACKGROUND: The study was conducted to evaluate the frequencies of the anatomic variations and the gender distributions of these variations of the pancreatic duct and their relevance with the Cambridge classification system as morphological sign of chronic pancreatitis using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 1312 consecutive patients who referred to our department for MRCP between January 2013 and August 2015...
December 1, 2016: Radiology and Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904117/successful-cord-blood-stem-cell-transplantation-for-an-adult-case-of-chronic-active-epstein-barr-virus-infection
#8
Masuho Saburi, Masao Ogata, Takako Satou, Natsumi Yoshida, Kentaro Nagamatsu, Yuko Nashimoto, Yui Moroga, Kuniko Takano, Kazuhiro Kohno, Kuniaki Shirao
A 41-year-old man was referred to our hospital for treatment of anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Chronic active Epstein-Barr virus (CAEBV) was diagnosed based on the findings of elevated EBV antibody titers and positive EBV-DNA in the peripheral blood, and cord blood stem cell transplantation (CBT) was performed. The EBV-DNA levels in the blood fell below the limit of detection. His lymphoma relapsed on Day 165 with the appearance of eruptions, which disappeared after the withdrawal of tacrolimus...
2016: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903645/upgrading-short-read-animal-genome-assemblies-to-chromosome-level-using-comparative-genomics-and-a-universal-probe-set
#9
Joana Damas, Rebecca O'Connor, Marta Farré, Vasileios Panagiotis E Lenis, Henry J Martell, Anjali Mandawala, Katie Fowler, Sunitha Joseph, Martin T Swain, Darren K Griffin, Denis M Larkin
Most recent initiatives to sequence and assemble new species' genomes de-novo fail to achieve the ultimate endpoint to produce contigs, each representing one whole chromosome. Even the best-assembled genomes (using contemporary technologies) consist of sub-chromosomal sized scaffolds. To circumvent this problem, we developed a novel approach that combines computational algorithms to merge scaffolds into chromosomal fragments, PCR-based scaffold verification and physical mapping to chromosomes. Multi-genome-alignment-guided probe selection led to the development of a set of universal avian BAC clones that permit rapid anchoring of multiple scaffolds to chromosomes on all avian genomes...
November 30, 2016: Genome Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903592/alpha-angle-measurements-in-healthy-adult-volunteers-vary-depending-on-the-mri-plane-acquisition-used
#10
Mohammad Golfam, Luigia A Di Primio, Paul E Beaulé, Kalesha Hack, Mark E Schweitzer
BACKGROUND: It has been shown that cam deformities are located at a more anterosuperior location than was previously described. PURPOSE: To establish, in a large group of asymptomatic participants, the normative range of the alpha angle in the anterosuperior location in both the oblique axial and radial views of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study; Level of evidence, 3. METHODS: In 197 asymptomatic participants (394 asymptomatic hips) with a mean age of 29...
November 9, 2016: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903325/the-impact-of-offspring-marital-status-on-depressive-symptoms-of-parents-findings-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging
#11
Woorim Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Kyu-Tae Han, Tae-Hoon Lee, Tae Hyun Kim
BACKGROUND: Noticeable demographic changes have taken place in South Korea, with the general marriage rate decreasing and the average first age at marriage and general divorce rate increasing. The shown trends have contributed to intergenerational discordance in the perception of familial values, which is important in addressing the psychological well-being of parents. This study aimed to investigate the association between the marital status of offspring aged 40 years and over and the depression levels of parents...
December 1, 2016: International Psychogeriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903041/general-practitioners-knowledge-and-management-of-dry-mouth-a-qualitative-study
#12
Natalie J Appleby, Meredith J Temple-Smith, Margaret A Stacey, Denise L Bailey, Elizabeth M Deveny, Marie Pirotta
BACKGROUND: Dry mouth (xerostomia) is common and can have significant consequences for a patient's general and oral health. Multiple medications may compromise the flow and quality of saliva. OBJECTIVE: This study explored general practitioners' (GPs') perceptions, knowledge and management of dry mouth, and whether consideration of oral health influences prescribing patterns. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews with 20 GPs in Melbourne, Victoria, were audiotaped, transcribed and analysed...
December 2016: Australian Family Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902913/regulatory-considerations-for-the-approval-of-drugs-against-histomoniasis-blackhead-disease-in-turkeys-chickens-and-game-birds-in-the-united-states
#13
Prajwal R Regmi, Ashley L Shaw, Laura L Hungerford, Janis R Messenheimer, Tong Zhou, Padmakumar Pillai, Amy Omer, Jeffrey M Gilbert
Histomoniasis, commonly referred to as blackhead disease, is a serious threat to the turkey and game bird industries worldwide, and it is having an increasingly negative impact on the chicken industry as well. The Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Center for Veterinary Medicine (CVM), charged with the approval and regulation of new animal drugs in the United States, understands the rising need for the availability of therapeutic options against histomoniasis. CVM has actively engaged in discussions with the poultry industry, academic institutions, and animal health companies regarding the current status of histomoniasis in the United States and varied success of past and current management, prophylactic, and therapeutic interventions that have been used against the disease...
December 2016: Avian Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902738/induced-and-evoked-human-electrophysiological-correlates-of-visual-working-memory-set-size-effects-at-encoding
#14
Gennadiy Gurariy, Kyle W Killebrew, Marian E Berryhill, Gideon P Caplovitz
The ability to encode, store, and retrieve visually presented objects is referred to as visual working memory (VWM). Although crucial for many cognitive processes, previous research reveals that VWM strictly capacity limited. This capacity limitation is behaviorally observable in the set size effect: the ability to successfully report items in VWM asymptotes at a small number of items. Research into the neural correlates of set size effects and VWM capacity limits in general largely focus on the maintenance period of VWM...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902544/academic-achievement-in-adults-with-a-history-of-childhood-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-population-based-prospective-study
#15
Robert G Voigt, Slavica K Katusic, Robert C Colligan, Jill M Killian, Amy L Weaver, William J Barbaresi
OBJECTIVE: Previous research on the developmental course of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is limited by biased clinic-referred samples and other methodological problems. Thus, questions about adult academic outcomes associated with childhood ADHD remain unanswered. Thus, the objective of this study was to describe academic outcomes in adulthood among incident cases of research-identified childhood ADHD versus non-ADHD referents from a population-based birth cohort. METHOD: Young adults with research-identified childhood ADHD (N = 232; mean age 27...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902437/development-validation-and-implementation-of-a-quadruplex-real-time-pcr-assay-for-identification-of-potentially-toxigenic-corynebacteria
#16
Aruni De Zoysa, Androulla Efstratiou, Ginder Mann, Timothy G Harrison, Norman K Fry
Toxigenic corynebacteria are uncommon in the UK, however laboratory confirmation by the national reference laboratory (NRL) can inform public health action according to national guidelines. Standard phenotypic tests for identification and toxin expression of isolates can take from ≥24 h to ≥48 h, from receipt. To decrease the time to result, a real-time PCR (qPCR) assay was developed for confirmation of both identification of Corynebacterium diphtheriae and Corynebacterium ulcerans/ Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis and detection of the diphtheria toxin gene...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902387/characterization-of-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-isolated-at-tripoli-medical-centre-libya-between-2008-and-2014
#17
Elloulu BenDarif, Asma Khalil, Abdunnabi Rayes, Emad Bennour, Abdulgader Dhawi, John J Lowe, Shawn Gibbs, Richard V Goering
Bacterial pathogens such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) represent a well-known public health problem affecting both healthcare-associated and community populations. Past studies have clearly shown the value of characterizing problem organisms including MRSA through the use of molecular techniques (i.e., strain typing), with the aim of informing local, regional, and national efforts in epidemiological analysis and infection control. The country of Libya represents a challenge for such analysis due to limited historical infectious disease information and major political unrest culminating in the Libyan Civil War (Libyan Revolution) in 2011...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902377/comparison-of-susceptibility-patterns-using-commercially-available-susceptibility-testing-methods-performed-on-prevalent-candida-species
#18
David Cretella, Katie E Barber, S Travis King, Kayla R Stover
The rising rates of invasive fungal infections caused by non-albicans Candida and the increasing emergence of antifungal resistance complicate the management of invasive candidiasis. Accurate and timely antifungal susceptibility testing is critical to targeting antifungal therapy. The purpose of this study was to compare commercially available susceptibility testing methods using prospectively collected Candida isolates. Susceptibility testing was performed on 74 Candida isolates collected from July 2014-March 2015 using broth microdilution (BMD) according to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) method, Etest, Vitek2 (YS-05), and Sensititre...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901333/fractional-flow-reserve-lessons-from-platform-and-future-perspectives
#19
Gianluca Pontone, Patrizia Carità, Massimo Verdecchia, Dario Buccheri, Daniele Andreini, Andrea I Guaricci, Mark Rabbat, Mauro Pepi
In the treatment of stable coronary artery disease (CAD) the identification of patients who may gain the highest benefit from further invasive treatments is of pivotal importance for the healthcare system. In this setting, it has been established that an ischemia-guided revascularization strategy yields improved clinical outcomes in a cost- effective fashion compared with anatomy-guided revascularization alone. Invasive fractional flow reserve (FFR) is considered the gold standard, especially in the intermediate-range atherosclerotic lesions, for assessing lesion specific ischemia at the time of invasive coronary angiography and has now become the standard of reference for studies assessing the diagnostic performance of the various non-invasive stress tests...
November 30, 2016: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27901247/anabolic-steroids-for-rehabilitation-after-hip-fracture-in-older-people
#20
Vaqas Farooqi, Maayken E L van den Berg, Ian D Cameron, Maria Crotty
BACKGROUND: Hip fracture occurs predominantly in older people, many of whom are frail and undernourished. After hip fracture surgery and rehabilitation, most patients experience a decline in mobility and function. Anabolic steroids, the synthetic derivatives of the male hormone testosterone, have been used in combination with exercise to improve muscle mass and strength in athletes. They may have similar effects in older people who are recovering from hip fracture. OBJECTIVES: To examine the effects (primarily in terms of functional outcome and adverse events) of anabolic steroids after surgical treatment of hip fracture in older people...
September 2016: São Paulo Medical Journal, Revista Paulista de Medicina
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