Read by QxMD icon Read

Red formula

Shan-Xuan Lim, Jia-Ying Toh, Linde van Lee, Wee-Meng Han, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok-Hian Tan, Fabian Yap, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Mary Foong-Fong Chong
Adequate nutrition during complementary feeding is important for the growth, development and well-being of children. We aim to examine the energy and macronutrient intake composition and their main food sources in a mother-offspring cohort study in Singapore. The diets of infants were assessed by 24 h dietary recalls or food diaries collected from mothers when their offspring were 6 (n = 760), 9 (n = 893) and 12 (n = 907) months of age. Food sources of energy and macronutrients were determined using the population proportion methodology...
March 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
A Papadimitriou, I Ketikidis, M-E K Stathopoulou, C N Banti, C Papachristodoulou, L Zoumpoulakis, S Agathopoulos, G V Vagenas, S K Hadjikakou
Curcumin (Curc) reacts with zinc di‑iodine (ZnI2 ) in 2:1molar ratio in the presence of an excess of a base triethylamine ((CH3 CH2 )3 N) in methanol (CH3 OH) solution towards the amorphous solid material of formula [ZnI2 (Curc)2 ] (1). The complex was characterized by melting point (m.p.), Fourier Transform-Infra Red (FT-IR) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of hydrogen nucleus (1 H NMR) spectroscopy. The formula of 1 was determined by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) analysis. The retention of the structure in solution was confirmed by1 H NMR spectroscopy...
March 1, 2018: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
Lisa Daniels, Sheila M Williams, Rosalind S Gibson, Rachael W Taylor, Samir Samman, Anne-Louise M Heath
Suboptimal zinc status is common in very young children and likely associated with increased risk of infection and detrimental effects on growth. No studies have determined potentially modifiable "predictors" of zinc status in toddlers from high-income countries. This cross-sectional analysis of 115 toddlers from the Baby-Led Introduction to SolidS (BLISS) study used weighed diet records (three non-consecutive days) to assess dietary intake, and a venous blood sample (trace-element free techniques) to assess plasma zinc, at 12 months of age...
March 5, 2018: Nutrients
Sarah Kariko, Jaakko V I Timonen, James C Weaver, Dvir Gur, Carolyn Marks, Leslie Leiserowitz, Mathias Kolle, Ling Li
This study investigates the structural basis for the red, silver and black coloration of the theridiid spider, Phoroncidia rubroargentea (Berland, 1913) from Madagascar. Specimens of this species can retain their colour after storage in ethanol for decades, whereas most other brightly pigmented spider specimens fade under identical preservation conditions. Using correlative optical, structural and chemical analysis, we identify the colour-generating structural elements and characterize their optical properties...
February 2018: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Maria Lorella Gianni, Paola Roggero, Charlotte Baudry, Catherine Fressange-Mazda, Claudio Galli, Carlo Agostoni, Pascale le Ruyet, Fabio Mosca
BACKGROUND: When breastfeeding is not possible, infants are fed formulas (IF) in which lipids are usually of plant origin. However, the use of dairy fat in combination with plant oils enables a lipid profile closer to breast milk in terms of fatty acid (FA) composition, triglyceride structure, polar lipids and cholesterol contents. The objective of this study was to determine the effect of an IF containing a mix of dairy fat and plant oils on Omega-3 FA content in red blood cells (RBC)...
February 13, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Pierre-Henri Lanoë, Jonny Chan, Antoine Groué, Geoffrey Gontard, Anny Jutand, Marie-Noelle Rager, Nicola Armaroli, Filippo Monti, Andrea Barbieri, Hani Amouri
A series of cyclometalated N-heterocyclic carbene complexes of the general formula [Ir(C^N)2(C^C:)] has been prepared. Two sets of compounds were designed, those where (C^C:) represents a bidentate naphthalimide-substituted imidazolylidene ligand and (C^N) = ppy (3a), F2ppy (4a), bzq (5a) and those where (C^C:) represents a naphthalimide-substituted benzimidazolylidene ligand and (C^N) = ppy (3b), F2ppy (4b), bzq (5b). The naphthalimide-imidazole and naphthalimide-benzimidazole ligands 1a,b and the related imidazolium and benzimidazolium salts 2a,b were also prepared and fully characterized...
February 12, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Guo Feng, Weihui Jiang, Jianmin Liu, Cong Li, Quan Zhang
Novel red-emitting phosphors, Eu3+ -activated M7 Sn(PO4 )6 (M = Sr, Ba), were synthesized at 1200°C by conventional solid-state reaction method. The luminescent properties of M7 Sn(PO4 )6 :Eu3+ (M = Sr, Ba) phosphors were investigated, and the critical concentration of the activator (Eu3+ ) concentration were found to be 0.175 mol and 0.21 mol per formula unit for Sr7-x Sn(PO4 )6 :xEu3+ and Ba7-x Sn(PO4 )6 :xEu3+ , respectively. These phosphors presented red luminescence under the excitation of 395 or 465 nm, perfectly matching with the emissions wavelength of near-ultraviolet (UV) light-emitting diodes (LEDs) and InGaN blue LED...
February 6, 2018: Luminescence: the Journal of Biological and Chemical Luminescence
Erhard E Pfündel, Gwendal Latouche, Armin Meister, Zoran G Cerovic
Low light (LL) and high light (HL)-acclimated plants of A. thaliana were exposed to blue (BB) or red (RR) light or to a mixture of blue and red light (BR) of incrementally increasing intensities. The light response of photosystem II was measured by pulse amplitude-modulated chlorophyll fluorescence and that of photosystem I by near infrared difference spectroscopy. The LL but not HL leaves exhibited blue light-specific responses which were assigned to relocation of chloroplasts from the dark to the light-avoidance arrangement...
January 27, 2018: Photosynthesis Research
Laura K Cadman, Mary F Mahon, Andrew D Burrows
A series of lanthanide metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) of the general formula [Ln(Hodip)(H2O)]·nH2O (Sm, 1; Eu, 2; Gd, 3; Tb, 4; Dy, 5; Er, 6; H4odip = 5,5'-oxydiisophthalic acid) have been prepared and shown crystallographically to have isostructural three-dimensional frameworks. The fluorescence emission spectra of the europium compound 2, which is red, and the terbium compound 4, which is green, show characteristic peaks for transitions involving the metal centres, whereas that for the gadolinium compound 3 is dominated by transitions involving Hodip...
January 26, 2018: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Jake A Nieto, Janice Zhu, Bin Duan, Jingsong Li, Ping Zhou, Latha Paka, Michael A Yamin, Itzhak D Goldberg, Prakash Narayan
The extent of scarring or renal interstitial collagen deposition in chronic kidney disease (CKD) can only be ascertained by highly invasive, painful and sometimes risky, tissue biopsy. Interestingly, while CKD-related abnormalities in kidney size can often be visualized using ultrasound, not only does the ellipsoid formula used today underestimate true renal size, but the calculated renal size does not inform tubulointerstitial collagen content. We used coronal kidney sections from healthy mice and mice with kidney disease to develop a new formula for estimating renal parenchymal area...
2018: PloS One
Benedict H W Wong, Sarah B Peskoe, Donna Spiegelman
The partial population attributable risk (pPAR) is used to quantify the population-level impact of preventive interventions in a multifactorial disease setting. In this paper, we consider the effect of nondifferential risk factor misclassification on the direction and magnitude of bias of pPAR estimands and related quantities. We found that the bias in the uncorrected pPAR depends nonlinearly and nonmonotonically on the sensitivities, specificities, relative risks, and joint prevalence of the exposure of interest and background risk factors, as well as the associations between these factors...
January 15, 2018: Statistics in Medicine
Idit Lachover Roth, Boaz Lachover, Guy Koren, Carina Levin, Luci Zalman, Ariel Koren
Background: β-thalassemia major is a severe disease with high morbidity. The world prevalence of carriers is around 1.5-7%. The present study aimed to find a reliable formula for detecting β-thalassemia carriers using an extensive database of more than 22,000 samples obtained from a homogeneous population of childbearing age women with 3161 (13.6%) of β-thalassemia carriers and to check previously published formulas. Methods: We applied a mathematical method based on the support vector machine (SVM) algorithm in the search for a reliable formula that can differentiate between thalassemia carriers and non-carriers, including normal counts or counts suspected to belong to iron-deficient women...
2018: Mediterranean Journal of Hematology and Infectious Diseases
Hwa-Jin Kim, Mi-Kyoung You, Ziyun Wang, Hyeon-A Kim
Obesity is the main risk factor for metabolic syndromes and there has been an upsurge in demand for effective therapeutic strategies. This study investigated the effect of red pepper seed water extract (RPS) on the process of differentiation in 3T3-L1 adipocytes. RPS treatment significantly suppressed cellular lipid accumulation and reduced the expression of adipocytes-associated proteins, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-[Formula: see text] (PPAR-[Formula: see text]), CCAAT/enhancer-binding proteins [Formula: see text] (C/EBP [Formula: see text]), sterol regulatory element binding protein-1c (SREBP-1c), as well as fatty acid synthase (FAS), and fatty acid binding protein 4 (FABP4)...
January 9, 2018: American Journal of Chinese Medicine
Yi Wang, Yu Zhao, Wei Jiang, Xiaoping Zhao, Guanwei Fan, Han Zhang, Peiqiang Shen, Jiangmin He, Xiaohui Fan
Shenmai formula (SM) is a traditional medicinal remedy for treating cardiovascular diseases in China since 800 years ago, however its mechanism of action remains unclear. To explore the mechanism underlying cardioprotective effects of SM, iTRAQ-based proteomic approach was applied to analyze protein of myocardium in rats with myocardial ischemic injury. Upon treatment with SM and its two major components Red ginseng (RG) and Radix Ophiopogonis (OP), 101 differentially expressed proteins were filtered from a total of 711 detected and annotated proteins...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Proteome Research
M Senthil Kumar, R Ajay, S A Miskeen Sahib, M Chittrarasu, M Navarasu, N Ragavendran, Omar Farooq Burhanuddin Mohammed
Purpose of the Study: The aim of the study was to evaluate the difference in the color of microhybrid (MH) and nanofilled (NF) composite resins after 24 and 48 h in beverages such as red wine (RW), Coca-Cola, and distilled water. The specific objective of this study was to investigate the cumulative effect of the colorant solutions on the dental composites. Materials and Methods: MH and NF composite resins (A2 shade) were used in this current study. Sixty disk-shaped material specimens (10 mm in diameter × 2 mm in thickness) were prepared using a fiber mold (ring), with the desired dimensions...
November 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Li-Lin Luo, Xiang-Long Qu, Zheng Li, Xia Li, Hao-Ling Sun
A series of the anhydrous lanthanide-based metal-organic frameworks (Ln-MOFs) were successfully synthesized under hydrothermal conditions of Ln(iii) ions with 3,4'-oxybis(benzoate) (3,4'-oba), oxalate (ox) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen). Structural analyses revealed that they are isostructural 3D open-frameworks with the formula of [Ln(3,4'-oba) (phen)(ox)0.5]n (Ln = Sm for 1, Eu for 2, Gd for 3, Tb for 4, and Dy for 5) and the topology of {33·43·58·6}. Within the 3D structure, the [LnO6N2] units are bridged by ox to form [Ln2ox] dimers and then are further connected by 3,4'-oba ligands...
December 20, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
Eun Hyoung Shim, Hoyoung Lee, Myeong Soo Lee, Sooseong You
BACKGROUND: Blood stasis syndrome (BSS) is a general pattern identification and refers to pathological stagnation of blood circulation, dysfunction of endothelial cells or metabolic disorder in traditional Korean medicine (TKM). Dohongsamul-Tang (DHSMT) is a well-known traditional herbal formula which used for treatment and prevention of BSS by promoting blood circulation in TKM. METHODS: Cytotoxicity of DHSMT was examined by cell counting kit-8 (CCK-8). We also investigated the anti-adipogenesis effect of DHSMT by using Oil Red O staining, intracellular triglyceride assay leptin ELISA and western blot analysis in 3T3-L1 adipocytes...
December 19, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
Ju-Han Liu, Yung-Yi Cheng, Chen-Hsi Hsieh, Tung-Hu Tsai
BACKGROUND: Commercial pharmaceutical herbal products have enabled people to take traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) in a convenient and accessible form. However, the quantity and quality should be additionally inspected. To address the issue, a combination of chemical and physical inspection methods were developed to evaluate the amount of an herbal formula, Xiang-Sha-Liu-Jun-Zi-Tang (XSLJZT), in clinical TCM practice. METHODS: A high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS) method with electrospray ionization was developed to measure the herbal biomarkers of guanosine, atractylenolide III, glycyrrhizic acid, dehydrocostus lactone, hesperidin, and oleanolic acid from XSLJZT...
December 15, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
Hyuntai Kim, Jinseob Kim, Haechan An, Yohan Lee, Gun-Yeal Lee, Jeongkyun Na, Kyoungyoon Park, Seungjong Lee, Seung-Yeol Lee, Byoungho Lee, Yoonchan Jeong
We propose and investigate a metallic Fresnel zone plate (FZP/MFZP) implemented on a silver-coated optical fiber facet for super-variable focusing of light, the focal point of which can be drastically relocated by varying the wavelength of the incident light. We numerically show that when its nominal focal length is set to 20 μm at 550 nm, its effective focal length can be tuned by ~13.7 μm for 300-nm change in the visible wavelength range. This tuning sensitivity is over 20 times higher than that of a conventional silica-based spherical lens...
November 27, 2017: Optics Express
Helena H Hauta-Alus, Liisa Korkalo, Elisa M Holmlund-Suila, Jenni Rosendahl, Saara M Valkama, Maria Enlund-Cerullo, Otto M Helve, Timo K Hytinantti, Outi M Mäkitie, Sture Andersson, Heli T Viljakainen
The infant diet has short- and long-term health consequences. Updated data regarding the dietary intake of Finnish infants are lacking. The objectives of this study were to describe infant food and nutrient intake and to identify food sources of the nutrients. Altogether, 739 healthy infants were studied. Dietary intake and breastfeeding frequency were assessed with a three-day food record at 1 year of age. Dietary intake was calculated separately for non-breastfed and breastfed infants. One-third (36%) of the infants were partially breastfed and 95% consumed mass-produced baby foods...
December 1, 2017: Nutrients
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"