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Frailty in ICU

Matthew R Baldwin, Jonathan P Singer, Debbie Huang, Jessica Sell, Wendy C Gonzalez, Lauren Pollack, Mathew S Maurer, Frank F D'Ovidio, Matthew Bacchetta, Joshua R Sonett, Selim M Arcasoy, Lori Shah, Hilary Robbins, Steven R Hays, Jasleen Kukreja, John R Greenland, Rupal J Shah, Lorriana Leard, Matthew Morrell, Cynthia Gries, Patricia P Katz, Jason D Christie, Joshua M Diamond, David J Lederer
RATIONALE: The frail phenotype has gained popularity as a clinically relevant measure in adults with advanced lung disease and critical illness survivors. Since respiratory disease and chronic illness can greatly limit physical activity, the measurement of participation in traditional leisure-time activities as a frailty component may lead to substantial misclassification of frailty in pulmonary and critical care patients. OBJECTIVES: To test and validate replacing the Duke Activities Scale Index (DASI), a simple 12-item questionnaire, for the Minnesota Leisure Time Activities (MLTA), a detailed questionnaire covering 18 leisure time activities, as the measure of low activity in the Fried frailty phenotype instrument (FFP)...
April 11, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
James M FitzGerald
INTRODUCTION: Clinical motor subtypes have been long recognised in delirium and, despite a growing body of research, a lack of clarity exists regarding the importance of these motor subtypes. The aims of this review are to (1) examine how the concept of motor subtypes has evolved, (2) explore their relationship to the clinical context, (3) discuss the relationship between the phenomenology of delirium and motor activity, (4) discuss the application of neurobiology to the theory of delirium motor subtypes, and (5) identify methodological issues and provide solutions for further studies...
April 10, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
Aluko A Hope, S J Hsieh, Alex Petti, Mariana Hurtado-Sbordoni, Joe Verghese, Michelle Ng Gong
RATIONALE: Identifying frailty by the presence of a critical number of frailty markers has been difficult to operationalize in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) where patients often cannot complete performance measures or answer complex questions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the construct and predictive validity of a questionnaire-based approach to identifying frailty in adult ICU patients. METHODS: We conducted an observational cohort study of adults admitted to a medical or surgical ICU at one of two hospitals in New York...
March 30, 2017: Annals of the American Thoracic Society
Nicola Latronico, Margaret Herridge, Ramona O Hopkins, Derek Angus, Nicholas Hart, Greet Hermans, Theodore Iwashyna, Yaseen Arabi, Giuseppe Citerio, E Wesley Ely, Jesse Hall, Sangeeta Mehta, Kathleen Puntillo, Johannes Van den Hoeven, Hannah Wunsch, Deborah Cook, Claudia Dos Santos, Gordon Rubenfeld, Jean-Louis Vincent, Greet Van den Berghe, Elie Azoulay, Dale M Needham
We present areas of uncertainty concerning intensive care unit-acquired weakness (ICUAW) and identify areas for future research. Age, pre-ICU functional and cognitive state, concurrent illness, frailty, and health trajectories impact outcomes and should be assessed to stratify patients. In the ICU, early assessment of limb and diaphragm muscle strength and function using nonvolitional tests may be useful, but comparison with established methods of global and specific muscle strength and physical function and determination of their reliability and normal values would be important to advance these techniques...
March 13, 2017: Intensive Care Medicine
Lauren R Pollack, Nathan E Goldstein, Wendy C Gonzalez, Craig D Blinderman, Mathew S Maurer, David J Lederer, Matthew R Baldwin
OBJECTIVES: To assess symptoms in older intensive care unit (ICU) survivors and determine whether post-ICU frailty identifies those with the greatest palliative care needs. DESIGN: A prospective cohort study. SETTING: Urban tertiary care hospital and community hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Medical ICU survivors of mechanical ventilation aged 65 and older (N = 125). MEASUREMENTS: Baseline measurements of the Edmonton Symptom Assessment Scale (ESAS), categorized as mild (0-3), moderate (4-6), and severe (7-10), and the frailty phenotype were made during the week before hospital discharge...
March 6, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
Apostolos Roubelakis, Filip Casselman, Johan van der Merwe, Bernard Stockman, Ivan Degrieck, Frank Van Praet
OBJECTIVES: Robotic-enhanced minimally invasive direct coronary artery bypass grafting surgery (RE-MIDCAB) is based on the use of a robotic console and instrumentation for the dissection of the left internal thoracic artery (LITA). The LITA to left anterior descending (LAD) artery anastomosis is subsequently constructed through a mini thoracotomy. The purpose of this study is to present our experience of RE-MIDCAB outcomes in elderly patients. METHODS: From 2002 until 2015, 44 octogenarians (the mean age of 82...
December 27, 2016: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
Yasmine Ali Abdelhamid, Liza Phillips, Michael Horowitz, Adam Deane
BACKGROUND: Many patients who survive the intensive care unit (ICU) experience long-term complications such as peripheral neuropathy and nephropathy which represent a major source of morbidity and affect quality of life adversely. Similar pathophysiological processes occur frequently in ambulant patients with diabetes mellitus who have never been critically ill. Some 25 % of all adult ICU patients have diabetes, and it is plausible that ICU survivors with co-existing diabetes are at heightened risk of sequelae from their critical illness...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
John D Santamaria, Graeme J Duke, David V Pilcher, D James Cooper, John Moran, Rinaldo Bellomo
OBJECTIVES: To determine factors independently associated with readmission to ICU and the independent association of readmission with subsequent mortality. DESIGN: Prospective multicenter observational study. SETTING: Forty ICUs in Australia and New Zealand. PATIENTS: Consecutive adult patients discharged alive from ICU to hospital wards between September 2009 and February 2010. INTERVENTIONS: Measurement of hospital mortality...
February 2017: Critical Care Medicine
Neil R Orford, Sharyn L Milnes, Nigel Lambert, Laura Berkeley, Stephen E Lane, Nicholas Simpson, Tania Elderkin, Allison Bone, Peter Martin, Charlie Corke, Rinaldo Bellomo, Michael Bailey
OBJECTIVE: To describe the prevalence, characteristics, long-term outcomes and goals-of-care discussions of patients with objective indicators of life-limiting illnesses (LLIs) referred to the intensive care unit. DESIGN, SETTING AND PATIENTS: A prospective, observational, cohort study of all adult inpatients referred to the ICU by the medical emergency team or by direct referral, during the period 30 August 2012 to 1 February 2013, at a tertiary teaching hospital in Australia...
September 2016: Critical Care and Resuscitation: Journal of the Australasian Academy of Critical Care Medicine
R Briggs, A Dyer, S Nabeel, R Collins, J Doherty, T Coughlan, D O'Neill, S P Kennelly
BACKGROUND: Studies have demonstrated that a significant minority of older persons presenting to acute hospital services are cognitively impaired; however, the impact of dementia on long-term outcomes is less clear. AIM: To evaluate the prevalence of dementia, both formally diagnosed and hitherto unrecognised in a cohort of acutely unwell older adults, as well as its impact on both immediate outcomes (length of stay and in-hospital mortality) and 12-month outcomes including readmission, institutionalisation and death...
August 2, 2016: QJM: Monthly Journal of the Association of Physicians
Cristina Dólera-Moreno, Antonio Palazón-Bru, Francisco Colomina-Climent, Vicente Francisco Gil-Guillén
BACKGROUND: The existing models to predict mortality in intensive care units (ICU) present difficulties in clinical practice. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to develop and internally validate a points system to predict mortality in the ICU, which can be applied instantly and with high discriminating power. METHODS: This cohort study comprised all patients admitted to the ICU in a Spanish region between January 2013 and April 2014, followed from admission to death or discharge (N=1113)...
November 2016: International Journal of Clinical Practice
Belkacem Issad, Guy Rostoker, Corinne Bagnis, Gilbert Deray
Acute renal failure (ARF) in adults in the intensive care unit (ICU) often evolves in a context of multiple organ failure, which explains the high mortality rate and increase treatment needs. Among, two modalities of renal replacement therapy, peritoneal dialysis (PD) was the first modality used for the treatment of ARF in the 1950s. Today, while PD is generalized for chronic renal failure treatment, its use in the ICU is limited, particularly, due to the advent of new hemodialysis techniques and the development of continuous replacement therapy...
July 2016: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
M Bagshaw, Sumit R Majumdar, Darryl B Rolfson, Quazi Ibrahim, Robert C McDermid, H Tom Stelfox
BACKGROUND: Frailty is a multidimensional syndrome characterized by loss of physiologic and cognitive reserve that heightens vulnerability. Frailty has been well described among elderly patients (i.e., 65 years of age or older), but few studies have evaluated frailty in nonelderly patients with critical illness. We aimed to describe the prevalence, correlates, and outcomes associated with frailty among younger critically ill patients. METHODS: We conducted a prospective cohort study of 197 consecutive critically ill patients aged 50-64...
2016: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Laura Lorenzon, Gianluca Costa, Giulia Massa, Barbara Frezza, Francesco Stella, Genoveffa Balducci
PURPOSE: Cholecystectomy, which is one of the most common surgical procedures, is also performed in the emergency setting. A number of risk scores have been introduced in recent studies; moreover, over the last few years literature has focused on surgical patients with frailty syndrome. The aim of the present study is to evaluate whether frailty syndrome and the risk scores are correlated with morbidity, post-operative hospital stay and the ICU admission rate following emergency cholecystectomy...
January 2017: Surgery Today
Rushna Ali, Jason M Schwalb, David R Nerenz, Heath J Antoine, Ilan Rubinfeld
OBJECTIVE Limited tools exist to stratify perioperative risk in patients undergoing spinal procedures. The modified frailty index (mFI) based on the Canadian Study of Health and Aging Frailty Index (CSHA-FI), constructed from standard demographic variables, has been applied to various other surgical populations for risk stratification. The authors hypothesized that it would be predictive of postoperative morbidity and mortality in patients undergoing spine surgery. METHODS The 2006-2010 National Surgical Quality Improvement Program (NSQIP) data set was accessed for patients undergoing spine surgeries based on Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) codes...
October 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
Daren K Heyland, Henry T Stelfox, Allan Garland, Deborah Cook, Peter Dodek, Jim Kutsogiannis, Xuran Jiang, Alexis F Turgeon, Andrew G Day
OBJECTIVE: We sought to develop and internally validate a clinical prediction model to estimate the outcome of very elderly patients 12 months after being admitted to the ICU. DESIGN: Prospective, longitudinal cohort study. SETTING: Twenty-two Canadian ICUs. PATIENTS: We recruited 527 patients 80 years or older who had a medical or urgent surgical diagnosis and were admitted to an ICU for at least 24 hours. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: At baseline, we completed a comprehensive geriatric assessment of enrolled patients; survival and functional status was determined 12 months later...
September 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Muhammet Cemal Kizilarslanoglu, Ramazan Civelek, Mustafa Kemal Kilic, Fatih Sumer, Hacer Dogan Varan, Ozgur Kara, Gunes Arik, Melda Turkoglu, Gulbin Aygencel, Zekeriya Ulger
AIM: The study aimed to investigate the effects of frailty on clinical outcomes of patients in an intensive care unit (ICU). METHODS: In this prospective study, 122 patients (59 frail, 37 pre-frail and 26 robust) were included. A frailty index (FI) derived from comprehensive geriatric assessment parameters was used for the evaluation. The FI score of ≤0.25 was considered as robust, 0.25-0.40 as pre-frail and >0.40 as frail. The prognostic effects of FI were investigated and FI and APACHE II and SOFA scores, the prognostic scores using in ICU, were compared...
April 2017: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research
Angela S McNelly, Jai Rawal, Dinesh Shrikrishna, Nicholas S Hopkinson, John Moxham, Stephen D Harridge, Nicholas Hart, Hugh E Montgomery, Zudin A Puthucheary
OBJECTIVE: Functional capacity is commonly impaired after critical illness. We sought to clarify the relationship between objective measures of physical activity, self-reported measures of health-related quality of life, and clinician reported global functioning capacity (frailty) in such patients, as well as the impact of prior chronic disease status on these functional outcomes. DESIGN: Prospective outcome study of critical illness survivors. SETTING: Community-based follow-up...
June 2016: Critical Care Medicine
Donata Ringaitiene, Dalia Gineityte, Vaidas Vicka, Tadas Zvirblis, Ieva Norkiene, Jurate Sipylaite, Algimantas Irnius, Juozas Ivaskevicius
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Phase angle (PA), which is obtained from bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA), is a non-invasive method for measuring altered electrical properties of biological tissues. It has been recognised as an objective prognostic marker of disease severity and frailty. The aim of this study is to determine whether PA is a marker of malnutrition and postoperative morbidity in low operative risk patients undergoing cardiac surgery. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in a tertiary hospital...
December 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Annemarie B Docherty, Niall H Anderson, Timothy S Walsh, Nazir I Lone
OBJECTIVE: To compare elderly (≥ 80 yr), older (65-79 yr), and younger (< 65 yr) ICU admissions in Scotland in relation to trends in admission rates, regional variation in admissions, ICU treatment intensity, and ICU and 1-year mortality. DESIGN: National 5-year cohort study of ICU first admissions (January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2009). SETTING: All admissions to ICUs and combined units (level 2/3 care) in Scotland captured by the Scottish Intensive Care Society Audit Group database, linked with hospital discharge data and death records...
January 2016: Critical Care Medicine
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