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Diagnosis heart failure

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28734444/systemic-artery-to-pulmonary-vein-fistula-after-right-upper-lobectomy-demonstrated-by-4-dimensional-flow-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#1
Antoine Legras, Arshid Azarine, Bastien Poitier, Emmanuel Messas, Françoise Le Pimpec-Barthes
Postoperative systemic artery to pulmonary vein fistula is very rare. In this report, we describe an exceptional condition of both intrapulmonary arteriovenous fistula and systemic artery to pulmonary vein fistula, involving all right hemithoracic systemic arteries, inducing left-to-left shunt. This condition was responsible for heart failure, 24 years after a right upper lobectomy for inflammatory tumor. Investigations included computed tomographic angiography, arteriography, and four-dimensional flow magnetic resonance imaging...
August 2017: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733467/acromegaly-at-diagnosis-in-3173-patients-from-the-li%C3%A3-ge-acromegaly-survey-las-database
#2
Patrick Petrossians, Adrian F Daly, Emil Natchev, Luigi Maione, Karin Blijdorp, Mouna Sahnoun Fathallah, Renata Auriemma, Alpha M Diallo, Anna-Lena Hulting, Diego Ferone, Vaclav Hana, Silvia Filipponi, Caroline Sievers, Claudia Nogueira, Carmen Fajardo Montañana, Davide M C Carvalho, Vaclav Hana, Günter K Stalla, Marie-Lise Jaffrain-Réa, Brigitte Delemer, Annamaria A L Colao, Thierry Brue, Sebastian J C M M Neggers, Sabina Zacharieva, Philippe Chanson, Albert Beckers
Acromegaly is a rare disorder caused by chronic growth hormone (GH) hypersecretion. While diagnostic and therapeutic methods have advanced, little information exists on trends in acromegaly characteristics over time. The Liège Acromegaly Survey (LAS) database, a relational database, is designed to assess the profile of acromegaly patients at diagnosis and during long-term follow-up at multiple treatment centers. The study population consisted of 3173 acromegaly patients from ten countries; 54.5% were female...
July 21, 2017: Endocrine-related Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731930/early-life-exposure-to-chinese-famine-modifies-the-association-between-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-disease
#3
Zumin Shi, Stephen J Nicholls, Anne W Taylor, Dianna J Magliano, Sarah Appleton, Paul Zimmet
OBJECTIVE: Studies have shown that famine exposure during early life may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), hypertension, and diabetes during adulthood. We aimed to assess whether exposure to the Chinese famine (1959-1961) modifies the association between hypertension and CVD. METHODS: We investigated data of 5772 adults born between 1954 and 1964 from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. CVD was based on self-reported doctor's diagnosis of heart problems (heart attack, coronary heart disease, angina, congestive heart failure, or other heart problems) and stroke...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731281/glycaemic-control-and-the-risk-of-hospitalisation-for-infection-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-hong-kong-diabetes-registry
#4
Andrea O Y Luk, Eric S H Lau, Kitty K T Cheung, Alice P Kong, Ronald C W Ma, Risa Ozaki, Francis C C Chow, Wing-Yee So, Juliana C N Chan
BACKGROUND: Infection occurs more commonly in diabetic compared to general population and is an under-recognised but important morbidity in patients with diabetes. We examined the impact of glycaemic control on hospitalisation for infection in a large prospective cohort of Chinese adults with type 2 diabetes. METHODS: Between July 1994 and June 2014, 22,846 patients with type 2 diabetes underwent detailed assessment of metabolic control and diabetes complications...
July 21, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730981/bartonella-quintana-an-unrecognized-cause-of-infective-endocarditis-in-children-in-ethiopia
#5
Diana Tasher, Alona Raucher-Sternfeld, Akiva Tamir, Michael Giladi, Eli Somekh
Bartonella quintana endocarditis, a common cause of culture-negative endocarditis in adults, has rarely been reported in children. We describe 5 patients 7-16 years of age from Ethiopia with heart defects and endocarditis; 4 cases were caused by infection with B. quintana and 1 by Bartonella of undetermined species. All 5 patients were afebrile and oligosymptomatic, although 3 had heart failure. C-reactive protein was normal or slightly elevated, and erythrocyte sedimentation rate was high. The diagnosis was confirmed by echocardiographic demonstration of vegetations, the presence of high Bartonella IgG titers, and identification of B...
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728745/early-readmissions-after-acute-myocardial-infarction
#6
Chun Shing Kwok, Chun Wai Wong, Hannah Shufflebotham, Luke Brindley, Tamseel Fatima, Adrian Shufflebotham, Diane Barker, Ashish Pawala, Grant Heatlie, Mamas A Mamas
This study aims to evaluate the rate, predictors, and causes of 30-day readmissions in a single tertiary hospital in the United Kingdom. We conducted a retrospective study of all patients admitted between 2012 and 2014 with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction, who were in the Myocardial Infarction National Audit Project register. Data on patient demographics, comorbidities, care received, and in-hospital mortality were collected. Rates of 30-day readmission and causes of readmission were evaluated. Univariate and multiple logistic regressions were used to identify predictors of all-cause, cardiac, and noncardiac readmission...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728692/magnetic-resonance-in-transthyretin%C3%A2-cardiac-amyloidosis
#7
Ana Martinez-Naharro, Thomas A Treibel, Amna Abdel-Gadir, Heerajnarain Bulluck, Giulia Zumbo, Daniel S Knight, Tushar Kotecha, Rohin Francis, David F Hutt, Tamer Rezk, Stefania Rosmini, Candida C Quarta, Carol J Whelan, Peter Kellman, Julian D Gillmore, James C Moon, Philip N Hawkins, Marianna Fontana
BACKGROUND: Cardiac transthyretin amyloidosis (ATTR) is an increasingly recognized cause of heart failure. Cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR), with late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) and T1 mapping, is emerging as a reference standard for diagnosis and characterization of cardiac amyloidosis. OBJECTIVES: The authors used CMR with extracellular volume fraction (ECV) measurement to characterize cardiac involvement in relation to outcome in ATTR. METHODS: Subjects comprised 263 patients with cardiac ATTR corroborated by grade 2 to 3 (99m)Tc-DPD ((99m)Tc-3,3-diphosphono-1,2-propanodicarboxylic acid) cardiac uptake, 17 with suspected cardiac ATTR (grade 1 (99m)Tc-DPD), and 12 asymptomatic individuals with amyloidogenic transthyretin (TTR) mutations...
July 25, 2017: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725306/histology-and-glutamine-synthetase-immunoreactivity-in-liver-biopsies-from-patients-with-congestive-heart-failure
#8
Bela Horvath, Lei Zhu, Daniela Allende, Hao Xie, John Guirguis, Michael Cruise, Deepa T Patil, Robert O'Shea, John Rivas, Reyna Yordanka, Nan Lan, Xiuli Liu
BACKGROUND: Long-standing congestive heart failure can induce a constellation of histopathology changes in the liver that can range from mild sinusoidal dilation to advanced fibrosis and loss of normal perivenular expression of glutamine synthetase (GS). Liver biopsies might be performed to assess the perioperative risk of these patients or to determine the need of synchronous liver transplant. We aimed to assess interobserver agreement in recognizing these liver histologic features in patients undergoing evaluation for heart transplantation and to examine whether immunohistochemistry of GS will aid the diagnosis of cardiac hepatopathy (CH)...
June 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721130/premature-ovarian-failure
#9
REVIEW
Katarzyna Jankowska
Premature ovarian failure (POF) is the term usually used to describe women aged younger than 40 years, who present with amenorrhoea, hypergonadotropic hypogonadism, and infertility. POF is a devastating diagnosis for reproductive-aged women. The clinical presentation is diverse, and several different disorders can lead to premature ovarian failure. POF has serious health consequences, including psychological distress, infertility, osteoporosis, autoimmune disorders, ischaemic heart disease, and increased risk of mortality...
June 2017: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720299/cats-with-diabetes-mellitus-have-diastolic-dysfunction-in-the-absence-of-structural-heart-disease
#10
N J Pereira, J Novo Matos, M Baron Toaldo, U Bartoszuk, N Summerfield, A Riederer, C Reusch, T M Glaus
Diabetes mellitus (DM) can result in cardiovascular dysfunction and heart failure characterized by diastolic dysfunction with or without the presence of systolic dysfunction in people and laboratory animals. The objective of this prospective study was to determine if cats with newly diagnosed DM had myocardial dysfunction and, if present, whether it would progress if appropriate antidiabetic therapy was commenced. Thirty-two diabetic cats were enrolled and received baseline echocardiographic examination; of these, 15 cats were re-examined after 6 months...
July 2017: Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719009/diagnosis-of-chronic-heart-failure-by-the-soluble-suppression-of-tumorigenicity-2-and-n-terminal-pro-brain-natriuretic-peptide
#11
Xiao-Ling Jin, Ning Huang, Hui Shang, Ming-Cheng Zhou, Yi Hong, Wen-Zheng Cai, Jie Huang
OBJECTIVE: Our study was to explore the roles between serum soluble suppression of tumorigenicity 2 (sST2) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) while evaluating ventricular function to properly diagnose chronic heart failure (CHF). METHODS: In total, 197 CHF patients were recruited and classified into ventricular function's II, III, and IV groups, and 106 healthy people into normal control group. To detect concentrations of Sst2 and NT-proBNP, ELISA and electro-chemiluminescence immuno assay were implemented...
July 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716974/heart-failure-in-patients-with-kidney-disease
#12
REVIEW
Courtney Tuegel, Nisha Bansal
Heart failure (HF) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and the population of CKD patients with concurrent HF continues to grow. The accurate diagnosis of HF is challenging in patients with CKD in part due to a lack of validated imaging and biomarkers specifically in this population. The pathophysiology between the heart and the kidneys is complex and bidirectional. Patients with CKD have greater prevalence of traditional HF risk factors as well as unique kidney-specific risk factors including malnutrition, acid-base alterations, uraemic toxins, bone mineral changes, anemia and myocardial stunning...
July 17, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713480/impact-of-exercise-programs-on-hospital-readmission-following-hospitalization-for-heart-failure-a-systematic-review
#13
Parag Goyal, Diana Delgado, Scott L Hummel, Kumar Dharmarajan
Given persistently high 30-day readmission rates among patients hospitalized for heart failure, there is an ongoing need to identify new interventions to reduce readmissions. Although exercise programs can improve outcomes among ambulatory heart failure patients, it is not clear whether this benefit extends to reducing readmissions following heart failure hospitalization. We therefore conducted a systematic review of the literature to identify randomized controlled trials examining the impact of exercise programs on hospital readmissions among patients recently hospitalized for heart failure...
October 2016: Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712998/brain-natriuretic-peptide-mediates-the-prognostic-role-of-renal-function-towards-10-year-cardiovascular-mortality-in-patients-with-acute-coronary-syndrome-the-hhf-study-2006-2016
#14
Christina Chrysohoou, George Georgiopoulos, Hara Kosyfa, Ioanna Kotsopoulou Haritou, Matina Kouvari, Androniki Filippou, Stelios Iosifidis, Eleftherios Tsiamis, Panagiotis Aggelopoulos, Christos Pitsavos, Dimitris Tousoulis
BACKGROUND/INTRODUCTION: Risk stratification in chronic heart failure (HF) remains a challenge. Renal function and B-natriuretic peptide (BNP) might confer predictive value towards long-term mortality in HF patients after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). METHODS: From May 2006 to March 2009, 1,000 consecutive patients who were hospitalized with ACS diagnosis were enrolled in the study. In 2016, the 10-year follow-up (2006-2016) was performed in 745 participants...
July 13, 2017: Hellenic Journal of Cardiology: HJC, Hellēnikē Kardiologikē Epitheōrēsē
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708228/clinical-and-subclinical-cardiac-late-effects-in-pediatric-hodgkin-s-lymphoma-survivors
#15
Carlo Materazzo, Maura Massimino, Elisabetta Schiavello, Marta Podda, Lorenza Gandola, Graziella Cefalo, Serena Catania, Cristina Meazza, Ivan Moschetti, Monica Terenziani
PURPOSE: Cardiac late effects are responsible for a significant burden of mortality and morbidity among pediatric Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) survivors (HLS). The aim of our study was to assess clinical and subclinical cardiac sequelae in a cohort of childhood HLS treated in the 1980s with doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine (the ABVD regimen) and limited-field radiotherapy (RT). METHODS: We retrospectively examined a series of HLS treated from 1979 to 1989...
July 8, 2017: Tumori
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707730/complement-and-contact-system-activation-in-acute-congestive-heart-failure-patients
#16
Chiara Suffritti, Eleonora Tobaldini, Riccardo Schiavon, Silvia Strada, Lorena Maggioni, Satish Mehta, Giulia Sandrone, Edgar Toschi-Dias, Marco Cicardi, Nicola Montano
BACKGROUND: Recent experimental data indicate a pathogenic role of complement activation in congestive heart failure (CHF). Aim of this study was to evaluate contact and complement systems activation in patients hospitalized for an acute episode of CHF. METHODS AND RESULTS: 42 of 80 consecutive patients admitted at our hospital with confirmed diagnosis of acute CHF were enrolled. They underwent blood sampling within 24 hours from admission (T0) and at clinical stability (T1)...
July 14, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706619/kawasaki-disease-presenting-with-bloody-diarrhea-and-acute-renal-failure-first-case
#17
Mary Jacqueline Saviour, Sam Hassan
Kawasaki disease (KD) is an acute febrile vasculitis of an unknown cause. It affects children <5 year of age, even if cases over 5 years old have been also reported. It is the commonest cause of acquired heart diseases in children which may lead to serious morbidity and mortality. The complications and mortality increase when the diagnosis is delayed. One of the main reasons leading to delayed diagnosis and consequent delayed treatment is the unusual presentation of KD. Its unusual manifestations have been increasingly reported to jeopardize the timely diagnosis and proper treatment...
June 26, 2017: Pediatric Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705053/cardiac-amyloidosis-pathogenesis-clinical-context-diagnosis-and-management-options
#18
Hassan Alkhawam, Darshan Patel, James Nguyen, Saumya Mariam Easaw, Mohammed Al-Sadawi, Umer Syed, Feras Zaiem, Maher Homsi, Timothy J Vittorio
Amyloidosis covers a group of disorders that can manifest in virtually any organ system in the body and is thought to be secondary to misfolding of extracellular proteins with subsequent deposition in tissues. The precursor protein that is produced in excess defines the specific amyloid type. This requires histopathological confirmation using Congo-red dye with its characteristic demonstration of green birefringence under cross-polarized light. There are three main types of amyloidosis associated with cardiac involvement: light-chain (AL), familial or senile (ATTR), and secondary (AA) amyloidosis...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705047/galectin-3-correlates-with-arrhythmogenic-right-ventricular-cardiomyopathy-and-predicts-the-risk-of-ventricular-arrhythmias-in-patients-with-implantable-defibrillators
#19
Fahrettin Oz, Imran Onur, Ali Elitok, Evin Ademoglu, Ibrahim Altun, Ahmet Kaya Bilge, Kamil Adalet
Background Arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia (ARVD) is a heritable disorder characterized by fibro-fatty replacement of right ventricular myocytes, increased risk of ventricular arrhythmias, and sudden cardiac death. Galectin-3 (GAL3) is known to play an important role in a number of fibrotic conditions, including cardiac fibrosis. Many studies have focused on the association between GAL3 levels and cardiac fibrosis in heart failure. However, the role of GAL3 in the pathogenesis of ARVD and ventricular arrhythmias has not yet been evaluated thoroughly...
July 14, 2017: Acta Cardiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704280/the-paradox-of-transient-worsening-renal-function-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-the-role-of-b-type-natriuretic-peptide-and-diuretic-response
#20
Gaetano Ruocco, Ranuccio Nuti, Amalia Giambelluca, Isabella Evangelista, Oreste De Vivo, Cosimo Daniello, Alberto Palazzuoli
AIMS: Worsening renal function (WRF) occurs in one-third of patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure. Recently, WRF was categorized in two subtypes: persistent and transient WRF. Thus, we sought to investigate the different prognostic impact of persistent vs. transient WRF; we also evaluate the relation of two WRF phenotypes with congestion, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) changes, and diuretic response at discharge. METHODS: The prospective was a single centre study including patients screened for interventional Diur-heart failure Trial (NCT01441245)...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
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